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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690626/effects-of-chlorogenic-acid-enriched-and-hydroxyhydroquinone-reduced-coffee-on-postprandial-fat-oxidation-and-antioxidative-capacity-in-healthy-men-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#1
Shun Katada, Takuya Watanabe, Tomohito Mizuno, Shinichi Kobayashi, Masao Takeshita, Noriko Osaki, Shigeru Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Katsuragi
Chlorogenic acids (CGAs) reduce blood pressure and body fat, and enhance fat metabolism. In roasted coffee, CGAs exist together with the oxidant component hydroxyhydroquinone (HHQ). HHQ counteracts the antihypertensive effects of CGA, but its effects on CGA-induced fat oxidation (FOX) are unknown. Here we assessed the effects of CGA-enriched and HHQ-reduced coffee on FOX. Fifteen healthy male volunteers (age: 38 ± 8 years (mean ± SD); BMI: 22.4 ± 1.5 kg/m²) participated in this crossover study...
April 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690569/geriatric-helper-an-mhealth-application-to-support-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment
#2
Samuel Silva, Rafael Felgueiras, Ilídio C Oliveira
The Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) is a multidisciplinary diagnosis approach that considers several dimensions of fragility in older adults to develop an individualized plan to improve their overall health. Despite the evidence of its positive impact, CGA is still applied by a reduced number of professionals in geriatric care in many countries, mostly using a paper-based approach. In this context, we collaborate with clinicians to bring CGA to the attention of more healthcare professionals and to enable its easier application in clinical settings by proposing a mobile application, Geriatric Helper, to act as a pocket guide that is easy to update remotely with up-to-date information, and that acts as a tool for conducting CGA...
April 22, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683237/establishing-a-proactive-geriatrician-led-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-older-emergency-surgery-patients-outcomes-of-a-pilot-study
#3
Matthew C Mason, Amy L Crees, Matthew R Dean, Nahida Bashir
INTRODUCTION: Increasing numbers of older adults are presenting with acute surgical disease to the unselected general surgical take. General surgeons have little training to manage these patients. We developed a pilot service of proactive geriatrician input into older emergency general surgical patients in a single institution. We wanted to demonstrate if geriatricians improve the management of these patients. METHODS: Patients aged 70 years or older admitted acutely under the general surgeons were assessed proactively by a geriatrician using comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA)...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678065/making-the-care-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-as-the-core-of-a-total-mobile-long-term-care-support-system-in-china
#4
Yanyan Cui, Dongwei Gong, Bo Yang, Hua Chen, Ming-Hsiang Tu, Chaonan Zhang, Huan Li, Naiwen Liang, Liping Jiang, Polun Chang
Comprehensive Geriatric Assessments (CGAs) have been recommended to be used for better monitoring the health status of elder residents and providing quality care. This study reported how our nurses perceived the usability of CGA component of a mobile integrated-care long term care support system developed in China. We used the Continuity Assessment Record and Evaluation (CARE), developed in the US, as the core CGA component of our Android-based support system, in which apps were designed for all key stakeholders for delivering quality long term care...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674846/costs-of-medication-in-older-patients-before-and-after-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment
#5
Gulcin Done Unutmaz, Pinar Soysal, Busra Tuven, Ahmet Turan Isik
Background: Polypharmacy and inappropriate drug use cause numerous complications, such as cognitive impairment, frailty, falls, and functional dependence. The present study aimed to determine the effect of the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) on polypharmacy, potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) and potential prescribing omissions (PPOs), and to evaluate the economic reflections of medication changes. Methods: One thousand five hundred and seventy-nine older patients, who had undergone CGA, were retrospectively evaluated...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659178/a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-two-period-crossover-pharmacokinetic-trial-comparing-green-coffee-bean-extract-a-botanically-sourced-caffeine-with-a-synthetic-usp-control
#6
Kayce Morton, Katelin Knight, Douglas Kalman, Susan Hewlings
Coffee is a primary dietary source of the chlorogenic acids (CGAs) of phenolic compounds. Coffee contains caffeine and other phytonutrients, including CGAs. Caffeine on its own has been well characterized and descried pharmacokinetically in the literature, less so for CGAs. The purpose of this double-blind crossover study was to determine the comparative pharmacokinetics of CGAs with caffeine (natural extract) with synthetic caffeine (US Pharmacopeia [USP] standard). Sixteen healthy male subjects were randomly assigned to take 1 dose of product 1, 60 mg of botanically sourced caffeine from 480 mg of green coffee bean extract, or product 2, 60 mg of synthetic USP caffeine, with 5 days between...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656453/chlorogenic-acid-protects-against-oxldl-induced-oxidative-damage-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-by-modulating-sirt1-in-endothelial-cells
#7
Kun-Ling Tsai, Ching-Hsia Hung, Shih-Hung Chan, Pei-Ling Hsieh, Hsiu-Chung Ou, Yung-Hsin Cheng, Pei-Ming Chu
SCOPE: Endothelial dysfunction is an important mechanism in the development of atherosclerosis and is thought to be critical for predicting cardiovascular diseases. Previous reports suggested that Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound. The molecular mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effects of CGA on oxLDL-induced oxidative injuries in human endothelial cells are still largely unknown. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that CGA protects against oxLDL-facilitated oxidative stress by upregulating SIRT1 and to explore the role of AMPK/PGC-1 pathway and mitochondrial biogenesis...
April 15, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650038/a-lifelong-study-of-a-pack-rhodesian-ridgeback-dogs-reveals-subclinical-and-clinical-tick-borne-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-infections-with-possible-reinfection-or-persistence
#8
Emil Hovius, Arnout de Bruin, Leo Schouls, Joppe Hovius, Niels Dekker, Hein Sprong
BACKGROUND: Various tick-borne infections often occur without specific clinical signs and are therefore notoriously hard to diagnose separately in veterinary practice. Longitudinal studies over multiple tick seasons performing clinical, serological and molecular investigations in parallel, may elucidate the relationship between infection and disease. In this regard, six related Rhodesian Ridgeback dogs living as a pack became subject of lifetime studies due to ongoing tick infestations and recurring clinical problems...
April 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649745/metabolomics-guided-investigations-of-unintended-effects-of-the-expression-of-the-hydroxycinnamoyl-quinate-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase-hqt1-gene-from-cynara-cardunculus-var-scolymus-in-nicotiana-tabacum-cell-cultures
#9
S P Mudau, P A Steenkamp, L A Piater, M De Palma, M Tucci, N E Madala, I A Dubery
Chlorogenic acids (CGAs) are phenolic compounds biosynthesized in the phenylpropanoid pathway, with hydroxycinnamoyl quinate hydroxycinnamoyltransferase (HQT) as the key enzyme. Variation of CGAs has been noted in different plants, with globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus L.) producing high amounts and a diverse spectrum of CGAs in its leaves. In the current study, the effect of overexpression of the hqt1 transgene from globe artichoke in tobacco was evaluated at the metabolome level. Here, metabolomic approaches based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry, together with chemometric models such as principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least square discriminant analysis, were employed to evaluate altered metabolic changes due to hqt1 overexpression...
April 5, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642854/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-hypothalamus-regulated-feed-intake-induced-by-exogenous-visfatin-in-chicks
#10
Zhuanjian Li, Xuelian Liu, Panpan Zhang, Ruili Han, Guirong Sun, Ruirui Jiang, Yanbin Wang, Xiaojun Liu, Wenya Li, Xiangtao Kang, Yadong Tian
BACKGROUND: The intracerebroventricular injection of visfatin increases feed intake. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism in chicks. This study was conducted to assess the effect of visfatin on the feeding behavior of chicks and the associated molecular mechanism. RESULTS: In response to the intraventricular injection of 40 ng and 400 ng visfatin, feed intake in chicks was significantly increased, and the concentrations of glucose, insulin, TG, HDL and LDL were significantly altered...
April 11, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629316/management-of-functional-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-pancreas
#11
REVIEW
Kjell Öberg
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) constitute a heterogenous group of malignancies with varying clinical presentation, tumor biology and prognosis. The incidence of pNETs has steadily increased during the last decades with an estimated incidence 2012 of 4.8/100,000. Recent whole genome sequencing of pNETs has demonstrated mutations in the DNA repair genes MUTYH and point mutations and gene fusions in four main pathways from chromatin remodeling, DNA damage repair, activation of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling and the telomere maintenance...
February 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628416/can-we-incorporate-geriatric-assessment-in-the-management-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-older-adults
#12
Kah Poh Loh, Jane L Liesveld, Kristen M O'Dwyer
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is an uncommon disease. Approximately 14% of new ALL cases occur in adults aged 60 and over, and the three-year overall survival in this population is poor at 12.8%. Older adults with ALL are heterogeneous in terms of their underlying health status, which can make treatment selection challenging given the disease rarity and limited inclusion of older patients in clinical trials. A comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a compilation of tools to assess multiple domains such as physical function and cognition, and may assist in guiding treatment selection and supportive care interventions...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627965/association-of-t-a-polymorphism-in-mir-1302-binding-site-in-cga-gene-with-male-infertility-in-isfahan-population
#13
Mina Jamalvandi, Majid Motovali-Bashi, Farzane Amirmahani, Parisa Darvishi, Kiarash Jamshidi
Infertility occurs in 10-15% of couples worldwide and close to half of it is caused by male factors. One of the genes that can affect male infertility is CGA. Polymorphisms in CGA gene may affect gene expression, therefore affecting male infertility by disrupting the regulation of this gene. One of the polymorphisms is the substitution of T with A in the miR-1302 binding site in the 3' untranslated region of the CGA gene. In this study, we explored this polymorphism in Isfahan population. In this case-control study, by the use of Tetra primer-ARMS-PCR technique, rs6631 has been investigated in 224 infertile men and 196 controls...
April 7, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622007/synergistic-effect-of-phytochemicals-on-cholesterol-metabolism-and-lipid-accumulation-in-hepg2-cells
#14
Ennian Leng, Yuan Xiao, Zhentao Mo, Yiqi Li, Yueyue Zhang, Xiaosi Deng, Min Zhou, Chaochao Zhou, Zengxuan He, Jingyi He, Lu Xiao, Junming Li, Wenna Li
BACKGROUND: Crocin (CRO), chlorogenic acid (CGA), geniposide (GEN), and quercetin (QUE) are all natural compounds with anti-obesity properties, in particular, hypolipidemic effects, which have been widely used for the treatment of obesity-related metabolic diseases. However, it is not yet known whether these compounds interact synergistically. Here, we investigated the effects and molecular mechanisms of CRO, CGA, GEN, QUE, and a combination of all four compounds (CCGQ), on lipid accumulation in human hepatoma (HepG2 cells)...
April 5, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621359/applying-chlorogenic-acid-in-an-alginate-scaffold-of-chondrocytes-can-improve-the-repair-of-damaged-articular-cartilage
#15
Xin Cheng, Ke Li, Shengsong Xu, Peizhi Li, Yu Yan, Guang Wang, Zachary Berman, Rui Guo, Jianxin Liang, Sira Traore, Xuesong Yang
Damaged cartilage has very low regenerative potential which has led to the search for novel tissue-engineering approaches to help treat cartilage defects. While various approaches have been reported, there is no perfect treatment currently. In this study we evaluated the effects of a plant extract, chlorogenic acid (CGA), as part of chondrocyte transplantation on a model of knee joint injury in chicks. First, primary cultured chondrocytes used to evaluate the effects of CGA on chondrogenesis. Then using an articular cartilage injury model of chick knee we assessed the functional recovery after transplantation of the complexes containing chondrocytes and CGA in an alginate scaffold...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609078/chromogranin-a-levels-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#16
Federico Verde, Petra Steinacker, Patrick Oeckl, Jochen H Weishaupt, Angela Rosenbohm, Vincenzo Silani, Albert C Ludolph, Markus Otto
Chromogranin A (CgA) is a protein found in large dense-core vesicles of neuroendocrine cells and neurons and regulating secretion. A relevance to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) was suggested as its overexpression accelerates disease onset in model systems and it interacts with mutant forms of SOD1. Recently, increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) CgA levels have been reported in ALS patients relative to controls. With the aim of confirming this finding, we measured CgA and phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain (pNFH), an established ALS biomarker, in the CSF of 32 ALS patients and 32 disease controls...
February 27, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607310/urinary-metabolomic-study-of-chlorogenic-acid-in-a-rat-model-of-chronic-sleep-deprivation-using-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#17
Wei-Ni Ma, Ming-Mei Zhou, Xiao-Jun Gou, Le Zhao, Fang Cen, Ying Xu, Hong-Yi Shen
The urinary metabolomic study based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) had been developed to investigate the possible antidepressant mechanism of chlorogenic acid (CGA) in a rat model of sleep deprivation (SD). According to pattern recognition analysis, there was a clear separation among big platform group (BP), sleep deprivation group (SD), and the CGA (model + CGA), and CGA group was much closer to the BP group by showing a tendency of recovering towards BP group. Thirty-six significantly changed metabolites related to antidepressant by CGA were identified and used to explore the potential mechanism...
2018: International Journal of Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606762/greening-in-sunflower-butter-cookies-as-a-function-of-egg-replacers-and-baking-temperature
#18
Amanda Rogers, Lan Hahn, Vu Pham, Lilian Were
Chlorogenic acid (CGA) binding to proteins in alkaline conditions results in the production of green trihydroxy benzacradine (TBA) derivatives. The formation of TBA derivatives could decrease product quality due to the potential losses in soluble protein and antioxidants and the production of an undesirable green color. To determine how cookie formulation affected the formation of TBA derivatives in sunflower butter cookies, two egg replacers (chia and banana) and two baking temperatures (162.8 and 190.6 °C) were used...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601247/an-update-on-treatment-for-post-menopausal-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-elderly-patients
#19
Ines B Menjak, Katarzyna J Jerzak, Danielle N Desautels, Kathleen I Pritchard
Elderly patients make up a significant proportion of patients with metastatic breast cancer. With several options available in the metastatic setting for hormone positive breast cancer, these patients require an individualized approach to decision-making that considers multiple factors beyond performance status and chronologic age. Areas covered: The authors review the literature on endocrine monotherapy and combinations for hormone positive metastatic breast cancer, with specific commentary on the efficacy and toxicity for elderly patients...
April 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594050/ultrasound-measurements-of-thyroid-gland-volume-at-36-weeks-corrected-gestational-age-in-extremely-preterm-infants-born-before-28-weeks-gestation
#20
Sze May Ng, Mark A Turner, Shivaram Avula
Background: Thyroid ultrasound is a non-invasive imaging tool and provides good evaluation of thyroid anatomy, location, vascularisation, and echogenicity. The aim of this study was to assess thyroid function and thyroid volume in extremely preterm infants born before 28 weeks' gestation evaluated at 36 weeks' corrected gestational age (CGA) compared to term infants' normative data in the literature. Design: In this largest prospective UK study of extremely premature infants born at less than 28 weeks' gestation, thyroid volume measurement was assessed at 36 weeks' CGA...
January 2018: European Thyroid Journal
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