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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764090/synthesis-characterization-and-application-of-a-new-fluorescence-reagent-for-the-determination-of-aluminum-in-food-samples
#1
Esra Yıldız, Şerife Saçmacı, Mustafa Saçmacı, Ahmet Ülgen
A new sensitive fluorimetry method for the simple and rapid measurement of aluminum in some food samples, which used 3',6'-bis(diethylamino)-2-{[(1E)-(4-ethoxyphenyl) methylene] amino}spiro[isoindole-1,9'-xanthen]-3(2H)-one (DEMAX) for Al(III) chelation is described herein. The fluorescence intensity of the aluminum-DEMAX complex remains unaltered for over 24h at room temperature and is a linear function of the concentration of aluminum in the 0-1000mg/L range with a detection limit (LOD, defined as 3s/b) of 3...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762611/pregnancy-on-short-daily-home-hemodialysis-using-low-dialysate-flow-rate-a-new-hope-for-the-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#2
Vincent Leduc, Maxence Ficheux, Clémence Bechade, Michel Dreyfus, Thierry Lobbedez, Patrick Henri
INTRODUCTION: In France in 2014, there were approximately 1500 patients of reproductive age treated by dialysis. Pregnancy in these patients remains rare, however, the incidence has increased since the 2000s, with a parallel increase in the fetal survival rate. We report 2 cases of pregnancy in short-daily home hemodialysis using low dialysate flow rate. METHODS: Short-daily hemodialysis was continued at the request of the patients. The treatment consisted in an increase of frequency and duration of hemodialysis sessions, an independent blood pressure and dry weight control supervised by nephrological monitoring twice a month and a regular obstetrics follow-up...
August 1, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750875/chronic-kidney-disease-in-hypertensive-subjects-%C3%A2-60-years-treated-in-primary-care
#3
Betlem Salvador-González, Jordi Mestre-Ferrer, Maria Soler-Vila, Luisa Pascual-Benito, Eva Alonso-Bes, Oriol Cunillera-Puértolas
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HT) is the second leading cause of kidney failure. In hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), blood pressure (BP) control is the most important intervention to minimise progression. For CKD diagnosis, standardised creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) testing by CKD-EPI is recommended. OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence and factors associated with a moderate decrease in eGFR (by CKD-EPI) and BP control in subjects with HT...
July 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739573/quality-assurance-audit-of-technique-failure-and-90-day-mortality-after-program-discharge-in-a-canadian-home-hemodialysis-program
#4
Nikhil Shah, Frances Reintjes, Mark Courtney, Scott W Klarenbach, Feng Ye, Kara Schick-Makaroff, Kailash Jindal, Robert P Pauly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about patients exiting home hemodialysis. We sought to characterize the reasons, clinical characteristics, and pre-exit health care team interactions of patients on home hemodialysis who died or underwent modality conversion (negative disposition) compared with prevalent patients and those who were transplanted (positive disposition). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted an audit of all consecutive patients incident to home hemodialysis from January of 2010 to December of 2014 as part of ongoing quality assurance...
July 24, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729965/fluid-overload-as-a-major-target-in-management-of-cardiorenal-syndrome-implications-for-the-practice-of-peritoneal-dialysis
#5
REVIEW
Amir Kazory
Congestion is an integral component of cardiorenal syndrome and portends an adverse impact on the outcomes. Recent studies suggest that congestion has the ability of modulating the interactions between the kidney and the heart in this setting. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a home-based therapeutic modality that is not only offered to patients with end-stage renal disease to provide solute clearance and ultrafiltration, but it has also been used in patients with refractory heart failure and fluid overload to help optimize volume status...
July 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729384/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-discharged-home-from-an-emergency-department-with-aki
#6
Rey R Acedillo, Ron Wald, Eric McArthur, Danielle Marie Nash, Samuel A Silver, Matthew T James, Michael J Schull, Edward D Siew, Michael E Matheny, Andrew A House, Amit X Garg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients discharged home from an emergency department with AKI are not well described. This study describes their characteristics and outcomes and compares these outcomes to two referent groups. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study in Ontario, Canada from 2003 to 2012 of 6346 patients aged ≥40 years who were discharged from the emergency department with AKI (defined using serum creatinine values)...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724404/temporal-trends-of-dialysis-requiring-acute-kidney-injury-after-orthotopic-cardiac-and-liver-transplant-hospitalizations
#7
Girish N Nadkarni, Kinsuk Chauhan, Achint Patel, Aparna Saha, Priti Poojary, Sunil Kamat, Shanti Patel, Rocco Ferrandino, Ioannis Konstantinidis, Pranav S Garimella, Madhav C Menon, Charuhas V Thakar
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) in prevalent non-renal solid organ transplant recipients is unknown. METHODS: We assessed the epidemiology of trends in acute kidney injury (AKI) in orthotopic cardiac and liver transplant recipients in the United States. We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to evaluate the yearly incidence trends (2002 to 2013) of the primary outcome, defined as AKI requiring dialysis (AKI-D) in hospitalizations after cardiac and liver transplantation...
July 19, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710094/perspectives-from-the-kidney-health-initiative-on-advancing-technologies-to-facilitate-remote-monitoring-of-patient-self-care-in-rrt
#8
Mitchell H Rosner, Susie Lew, Paul Conway, Jennifer Ehrlich, Robert Jarrin, Uptal D Patel, Karen Rheuban, R Brooks Robey, Neal Sikka, Eric Wallace, Patrick Brophy, James Sloand
Telehealth and remote monitoring of a patient's health status has become more commonplace in the last decade and has been applied to conditions such as heart failure, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Conversely, uptake of these technologies to help engender and support home RRTs has lagged. Although studies have looked at the role of telehealth in RRT, they are small and single-centered, and both outcome and cost-effectiveness data are needed to inform future decision making...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704826/dialysis-in-the-elderly-and-impact-of-institutionalization-in-the-united-states-renal-data-system
#9
Amarpali Brar, Mary Mallappallil, Dimitre G Stefanov, David Kau, Moro O Salifu
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that in the very elderly dialysis patients in the United States, institutionalization in nursing homes would increase mortality in addition to age alone. METHODS: Incident dialysis patients from 2001 to 2008 above the age of 70 were included. Patients above 70 were categorized into 4 groups according to age as 70-75, 76-80, 81-85, and >85 years and further divided into institutionalized and noninstitutionalized. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were plotted to assess patient survival...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698249/pd-vs-hd-in-post-economic-crisis-greece-differences-in-patient-characteristics-and-estimation-of-therapy-cost
#10
Marilena Koukou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate patient characteristics and make an estimation of the cost of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) on Greek society during the economic crisis. METHODS: We recorded the characteristics and the total cost of dialysis treatment in 100 patients on PD and 100 on HD. Total cost included dialysis procedure, consumables, drugs, laboratory tests, food, and transportation fees (only HD) and were covered by patients' insurance...
July 11, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685187/compatibility-of-fosfomycin-with-different-commercial-peritoneal-dialysis-solutions
#11
M Kussmann, A Baumann, S Hauer, P Pichler, M Zeitlinger, M Wiesholzer, H Burgmann, W Poeppl, G Reznicek
For treatment of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis, intraperitoneal administration of antibiotics remains the preferable route. For home-based therapy, patients are commonly supplied with peritoneal dialysis fluids already containing antimicrobial agents. The present study set out to investigate the compatibility of fosfomycin with different peritoneal dialysis fluids, namely, Extraneal(®), Nutrineal(®), Physioneal(®) 1.36% and Physioneal(®) 2.27%, under varying storage conditions. The peritoneal dialysis fluid bags including 4 g fosfomycin were stored over 14 days at refrigeration temperature (6°C) and room temperature (25°C) and over 24 h at body temperature (37°C)...
July 6, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682568/-peritoneal-dialysis-in-italy-the-fourth-gsdp-sin-census-2012
#12
Giancarlo Marinangeli, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Loris Neri, Giusto Viglino, Roberto Corciulo, Anna Rachele Rocca, Alessandro Laudon, Viviana Finato
OBJECTIVE: To know PD modalities and results in Italy. METHODS: The Census was carried out by means of an on-line questionnaire in all the 224 non-pediatric public centers which performed PD in 2012. The results were compared with those of previous Censuses. RESULTS: Incidence. In 2012 PD was begun (first treatment for ESRD) by 1,433 pts (CAPD: 54.3%) and HD by 4,700 pts (%PD-incidence= Cs-12: 23.4%; Cs-10: 23.3%; Cs-08: 22.8%; Cs-05: 24.2%; p=NS), with a further increase in incremental PD (Cs-12: 28...
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682031/-the-peritoneal-ultrafiltration-in-patients-with-cardio-renal-disease
#13
Roberto Corciulo, Simone Corciulo
In Italy, the congestive heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization and despite advances in therapy, the long-term prognosis is poor. Congestive heart failure is associated with advanced varying degrees of chronic renal disease that identify the cardio-renal syndrome type 2. High-dose diuretic therapy often fail to solve the water overload that is frequently the cause of death. The resistance to diuretics aggravates the state of the patient's edema and consequently morbidity and mortality. In the acute stage, the extracorporeal ultrafiltration unable to repair over hydration but needs frequent access weekly or midweek at the dialysis center...
March 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679363/incremental-short-daily-home-hemodialysis-a-case-series
#14
Stephanie M Toth-Manikowski, Surekha Mullangi, Seungyoung Hwang, Tariq Shafi
BACKGROUND: Patients starting dialysis often have substantial residual kidney function. Incremental hemodialysis provides a hemodialysis prescription that supplements patients' residual kidney function while maintaining total (residual + dialysis) urea clearance (standard Kt/Vurea) targets. We describe our experience with incremental hemodialysis in patients using NxStage System One for home hemodialysis. CASE PRESENTATION: From 2011 to 2015, we initiated 5 incident hemodialysis patients on an incremental home hemodialysis regimen...
July 5, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660184/diabetes-screening-and-prevention-in-a-high-risk-medically-isolated-border-community
#15
Ann V Millard, Margaret A Graham, Nelda Mier, Jesus Moralez, Maria Perez-Patron, Brian Wickwire, Marlynn L May, Marcia G Ory
INTRODUCTION: A project in a Texas border community setting, Prevention Organized against Diabetes and Dialysis with Education and Resources (POD(2)ER), offered diabetes prevention information, screening, and medical referrals. The setting was a large, longstanding flea market that functions as a shopping mall for low-income people. The priority population included medically underserved urban and rural Mexican Americans. Components of the program addressed those with diabetes, prediabetes, and accompanying relatives and friends...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651528/evaluation-of-real-time-use-of-electronic-patient-reported-outcome-data-by-nurses-with-patients-in-home-dialysis-clinics
#16
Kara Schick-Makaroff, Anita E Molzahn
BACKGROUND: Internationally, the use of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is increasing. Electronic PROs (ePROs) offer immediate access of such reports to healthcare providers. The objectives of this study were to assess nurses' perspectives on the usefulness and impact of ePRO administration in home dialysis clinics and assess patient perceptions of satisfaction with nursing care following use of ePROs. METHODS: A concurrent, longitudinal, mixed methods study was conducted over 6 months during home dialysis outpatient clinic visits in two cities...
June 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646981/home-alone-does-modality-matter-revisiting-hospital-readmissions-in-dialysis
#17
EDITORIAL
Jenny I Shen, Natasha N Dave, Kevin F Erickson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643119/home-based-versus-center-based-aerobic-exercise-on-cardiopulmonary-performance-physical-function-quality-of-life-and-quality-of-sleep-of-overweight-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Danilo Takashi Aoike, Flavia Baria, Maria Ayako Kamimura, Adriano Ammirati, Lilian Cuppari
BACKGROUND: The association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and obesity can decrease the patients' cardiopulmonary capacity, physical functioning and quality of life. The search for effective and practical alternative methods of exercise to engage patients in training programs is of great importance. Therefore, we aimed to compare the effects of home-based versus center-based aerobic exercise on the cardiopulmonary and functional capacities, quality of life and quality of sleep of overweight non-dialysis-dependent patients with CKD (NDD-CKD)...
June 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638844/predictors-of-unplanned-hospitalization-in-patients-receiving-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-across-a-large-integrated-healthcare-network
#19
Monica Schmidt, Bevin Hearn, Michael Gabriel, Melanie D Spencer, Lewis McCurdy
BACKGROUND: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) prescribing has increased along with the trend toward early discharge of hospitalized patients who have infections. There is limited literature that assesses unplanned hospitalizations during OPAT. This study aims to elucidate the predictors of unplanned hospitalization in OPAT patients after discharge from acute-care facilities within Carolinas HealthCare System (CHS). Understanding these predictors may inform future interventions to improve treatment efficacy and patient outcomes...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623895/effects-of-home-based-exercise-on-pre-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-randomized-pilot-and-feasibility-trial
#20
Koji Hiraki, Yugo Shibagaki, Kazuhiro P Izawa, Chiharu Hotta, Akiko Wakamiya, Tsutomu Sakurada, Takashi Yasuda, Kenjiro Kimura
BACKGROUND: Only a few research is available on the effects of home-based exercise training on pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the effect of home-based exercise therapy on kidney function and arm and leg muscle strength in pre-dialysis CKD patients. METHODS: Thirty-six male stage 3-4 pre-dialysis CKD patients (age, 68.7 ± 6.8 years; estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 39.0 ± 11.6 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) who were being treated as outpatients were included...
June 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
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