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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665064/tourism-labor-embodied-suffering-and-the-deportation-regime-in-the-dominican-republic
#1
Mark Padilla, José Félix Colón-Burgos, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Armando Matiz-Reyes, Caroline Mary Parker
In this article, we use syndemic theory to examine socio-structural factors that result in heightened vulnerability to HIV infection and drug addiction among Dominican deportees who survive post-deportation through informal tourism labor. Through an ongoing NIDA-funded ethnographic study of the syndemic of HIV and problematic drug use among men involved in tourism labor in the Dominican Republic, we argue that the legal and political-economic context of the global deportation regime contributes to structural vulnerabilities among deportees in the Dominican Republic, most of whom are men with histories of incarceration in the United States and/or Puerto Rico...
April 17, 2018: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663871/design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-zinc-supplementation-to-improve-markers-of-mortality-and-hiv-disease-progression-in-hiv-positive-drinkers-in-st-petersburg-russia
#2
Natalia Gnatienko, Matthew S Freiberg, Elena Blokhina, Tatiana Yaroslavtseva, Carly Bridden, Debbie M Cheng, Christine E Chaisson, Dmitry Lioznov, Sally Bendiks, Glory Koerbel, Sharon M Coleman, Evgeny Krupitsky, Jeffrey H Samet
Background Russia continues to have an uncontrolled HIV epidemic and its per capita alcohol consumption is among the highest in the world. Alcohol use among HIV-positive individuals is common and is associated with worse clinical outcomes. Alcohol use and HIV each lead to microbial translocation, which in turn results in inflammation. Zinc supplementation holds potential for lowering levels of biomarkers of inflammation, possibly as a consequence of its impact on intestinal permeability. This paper describes the protocol of a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial of zinc supplementation in St...
April 17, 2018: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606226/a-pilot-study-of-a-smartphone-application-supporting-recovery-from-drug-addiction
#3
Di Liang, Hui Han, Jiang Du, Min Zhao, Yih-Ing Hser
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) technologies have the potential to facilitate self-monitoring and self-management for individuals with substance use disorders (SUD). S-Health is a bilingual smartphone application based on cognitive behavioral principles and is designed to support recovery from drug addiction by trigger recognition so as to allow practice in-the-moment coping to prevent relapse. METHOD: For this pilot randomized controlled study, 75 participants were recruited from methadone maintenance treatment clinics and the social worker consortium in Shanghai, China...
May 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604525/factors-associated-with-discontinuation-of-methadone-maintenance-therapy-mmt-among-persons-who-use-alcohol-in-vancouver-canada
#4
Jan Klimas, Ekaterina Nosova, Eugenia Socías, Seonaid Nolan, Rupinder Brar, Kanna Hayashi, M-J Milloy, Thomas Kerr, Evan Wood
BACKGROUND: We sought to examine the factors associated with discontinuation of MMT among persons on methadone who use alcohol. METHODS: We evaluated the impact of drug-related and other factors on discontinuation of MMT among persons enrolled in MMT and who reported any use of alcohol versus those who were enrolled in two community-recruited prospective cohorts of people who use illicit drugs (PWUD). Extended Cox models with time-dependent variables identified factors independently associated with time to first MMT discontinuation...
March 23, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488704/factors-associated-with-hcv-test-uptake-in-heroin-users-entering-substitution-treatment-in-greece
#5
O Anagnostou, A Fotiou, E Kanavou, A Antaraki, M Terzidou, C Richardson, E Kafetzopoulos
OBJECTIVES: People who inject drugs (PWID) represent the main risk group for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in most middle and high-income countries. Testing PWID is considered as an important prevention measure. Identification of PWID characteristics associated with HCV testing may contribute to strategies targeting the containment of the HCV and HIV epidemics in Greece. METHODS: Anonymous behavioural data from 2747 heroin users were collected upon entry in 38 opioid substitution treatment (OST) clinics in Greece during the period 2013-2015...
February 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488587/-prevalence-of-hiv-hepatitis-b-virus-and-treponema-pallidum-in-inmates-in-the-preventive-detention-center-of-arica-chile
#6
Celia Bórquez, Ismelda Lobato, Paola Gazmuri, Romina Hurtado, Valerie Llanqui, Mauricio Vivanco, Teresa Reyes, Hilda Villanueva, Katherine Salgado, M Angélica Martínez, Juan Vega
BACKGROUND: The risk groups for sexual transmitted diseases (STDs) are sex workers, drug addicts, young people in early sexual initiation, and population in prison. AIM: To determine the prevalence of HIV, Treponema pallidum and hepatitis B Virus (HBV) in male inmates at the Preventive Detention Center (CDP) of Arica. METHODS: The study was conducted in 140 inmates, with informed consent. Epidemiological survey and blood sampling was conducted...
October 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447356/barriers-to-the-availability-and-accessibility-of-controlled-medicines-for-chronic-pain-in-africa
#7
Elmang Nchako, Scottie Bussell, Carlos Nesbeth, Chisom Odoh
Africans endure a high burden of pain and suffering from HIV/AIDS and cancer, yet receive a meager amount of the world's pain medication. This tragedy occurs needlessly, given that inexpensive, effective and easily administered interventions are available. WHO has a 'three-step analgesic ladder' framework for managing cancer pain. This widely adopted clinical practice guideline is an integral part of palliative care programs and has also been applied to non-cancer pain. However, untreated pain is a major public health problem due to the discordance between scientific evidence and public policy...
February 13, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433454/hepatitis-b-c-in-the-countries-of-the-eu-eea-a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-among-at-risk-groups
#8
Abby May Falla, Sanne Henrietta Ina Hofstraat, Erika Duffell, Susan Josien Maria Hahné, Lara Tavoschi, Irene Karen Veldhuijzen
BACKGROUND: In 2016, the World Health Organisation set a goal to eliminate viral hepatitis by 2030. Robust epidemiological information underpins all efforts to achieve elimination and this systematic review provides estimates of HBsAg and anti-HCV prevalence in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) among three at-risk populations: people in prison, men who have sex with men (MSM), and people who inject drugs (PWID). METHODS: Estimates of the prevalence among the three risk groups included in our study were derived from multiple sources...
February 12, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426583/-use-of-new-technologies-by-adolescents-in-the-search-for-health-information
#9
Minerva Blázquez Barba, Dolores Gómez Romero, Isidora Frontaura Fernández, Abdón Camacho Ojeda, Francisco M Rodríguez Salas, Higinio Toriz Cano
OBJECTIVE: To describe Internet sources used by adolescents to consult health information and their sociodemographic characteristics, as well as to identify the variables that influence the choice of Internet site. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Survey adapted from the questionnaire validated by Rideout. PARTICIPANTS AND LOCATION: Adolescents aged 12-18 from 4schools in rural municipalities. RESULTS: The study included a total of 405 adolescents, of whom 51...
February 6, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424782/social-and-structural-factors-associated-with-greater-time-with-a-plasma-hiv-1-rna-viral-load-above-log10-1500-copies-ml-among-illicit-drug-users
#10
Mary C Kennedy, Thomas H Kerr, Evan Wood, Jeannie A Shoveller, Julio S G Montaner, M-J Milloy
OBJECTIVES: Although previous cross-sectional studies have identified correlates of detectable plasma HIV-1 RNA viral load (VL) among HIV-positive people who use drugs (PWUD), longitudinal factors associated with heightened HIV transmission potential have not been well described. Therefore, we longitudinally examined factors associated with amount of person-time spent above log10(1500) copies/ml plasma among HIV-positive PWUD in Vancouver, Canada. DESIGN: Data were derived from a long-running prospective cohort of HIV-positive PWUD linked to comprehensive clinical records including systematic VL monitoring...
February 8, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379389/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-tuberculosis-treatment-success-among-tb-hiv-co-infection-in-north-east-malaysia
#11
Tengku Mardhiah Tengku Jalal, Sarimah Abdullah, Farhanah Abd Wahab, Sharina Dir, Nyi Nyi Naing
Background: One of the six strategies developed by WHO, in order to stop Tuberculosis (TB) is addressing TB/HIV high-risk groups. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of successful TB treatment and factors associated with TB treatment success among TB/HIV co-infection patients in North-East Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the a-year period from 2003 to 2012 by reviewing TB/HIV records in all hospitals and health clinics. The outcome of interest was treatment success as defined by Ministry of Health (MOH) when the patients was cured or completed TB treatment...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378581/patient-and-provider-perspectives-inform-an-intervention-to-improve-linkage-to-care-for-hiv-patients-in-ukraine
#12
Tetiana Kiriazova, Oleksandr Postnov, Trista Bingham, Janet Myers, Timothy Flanigan, Charles Vitek, Oleksandr Neduzhko
BACKGROUND: Engagement with HIV medical care is critical to successful HIV treatment and prevention efforts. However, in Ukraine, delays in the timely initiation of HIV treatment hamper viral suppression. By January 01, 2016, only 126,604 (57.5%) of the estimated 220,000 people living with HIV (PLWH) had registered for HIV care, and most (55.1%) of those who registered for HIV care in 2015 did that at a late stage of infection. In the US, Anti-Retroviral Treatment and Access to Services (ARTAS) intervention successfully linked newly diagnosed PLWH to HIV services using strengths-based case management with a linkage coordinator...
January 30, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369159/substance-associated-elevations-in-monocyte-activation-among-methamphetamine-users-with-treated-hiv-infection
#13
Adam W Carrico, Emily M Cherenack, Margaret E Roach, Elise D Riley, Olorunleke Oni, Samantha E Dilworth, Steven Shoptaw, Peter Hunt, Sabita Roy, Suresh Pallikkuth, Savita Pahwa
OBJECTIVE: Microbial translocation and monocyte activation predict mortality in treated HIV. We examined whether substance use independently contributes to these pathophysiologic processes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study at baseline for a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: HIV-positive, methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men (MSM) with undetectable HIV viral load (< 40 copies/mL) were enrolled. We examined if plasma biomarkers of monocyte activation and intestinal barrier integrity were associated with the following: 1) reactive urine toxicology results (Tox+) for stimulants (i...
January 23, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338578/cannabis-use-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-prescription-opioid-analgesic-use-among-hiv-infected-individuals-with-chronic-pain
#14
Nancy L Sohler, Joanna L Starrels, Laila Khalid, Marcus A Bachhuber, Julia H Arnsten, Shadi Nahvi, John Jost, Chinazo O Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is common in the United States and prescribed opioid analgesics use for noncancer pain has increased dramatically in the past two decades, possibly accounting for the current opioid addiction epidemic. Co-morbid drug use in those prescribed opioid analgesics is common, but there are few data on polysubstance use patterns. OBJECTIVE: We explored patterns of use of cigarette, alcohol, and illicit drugs in HIV-infected people with chronic pain who were prescribed opioid analgesics...
January 17, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333954/prevalence-diagnosis-and-treatment-rates-of-mood-disorders-among-opioid-users-under-criminal-justice-supervision
#15
Mary Mbaba, Shan-Estelle Brown, Alese Wooditch, Marissa Kiss, Amy Murphy, Suneeta Kumari, Faye Taxman, Frederick Altice, William B Lawson, Sandra A Springer
BACKGROUND: Individuals involved in the criminal justice system have disproportionately high rates of psychiatric disorders when compared to the general U.S. POPULATION: If left untreated, the likelihood of subsequent arrest increases and risk for adverse health consequences is great, particularly among opioid users. OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence, characteristics, and treatment of mood disorders among justice involved opioid-dependent populations...
January 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303015/tests-of-the-attachment-and-developmental-dynamic-systems-theory-of-crime-addstoc-toward-a-differential-rdoc-diagnostic-and-treatment-approach
#16
Marc A Lindberg, Dana Zeid
The Attachment and Developmental Dynamic Systems Theory of Crime was tested on 206 male inmates. They completed measures tapping attachments, clinical issues, adverse childhood events, peer crime, and crime addictions. A significant path model was found, going from insecure parental attachments to adverse childhood events, and then on to the behavioral crime addiction and criminal peers scales. Peer crime was also predicted by insecure parent attachments and the crime addiction scale. Finally, the crime addiction, peer crime, and insecure parental attachment scales predicted frequencies of criminal behavior...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295020/disclosing-sex-trading-histories-to-providers-barriers-and-facilitators-to-navigation-of-social-services-among-women-impacted-by-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#17
Lara Gerassi, Tonya E Edmond, Vanessa Fabbre, Abby Howard, Andrea J Nichols
Sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) can lead to devastating health and mental health consequences for women, such as elevated rates of substance use, trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and HIV. Consequently, engagement with services that address addiction, mental health, and housing, and provide general advocacy is critically important to women's increased safety, stabilization, and quality of life. The purpose of this study is to identify perceived barriers and facilitators to service access and engagement with social services among women involved in CSE...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282239/prescribing-opioid-replacement-therapy-in-u-s-correctional-settings
#18
Pantea Farahmand, Vania Modesto-Lowe, Margaret M Chaplin
Opioid addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder associated with criminality, unemployment, infectious diseases, and legal problems. Such addictions are typically over-represented in correctional populations. Inmates with untreated opioid addiction often relapse shortly after release into the community, thereby increasing the risk of overdose, serious illnesses (HIV, hepatitis C) and psychosocial problems (e.g., crimes, recidivism, and reincarceration). There are three U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved medications for the treatment of opioid use disorder: methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238241/predictors-of-mortality-within-prison-and-after-release-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-indonesia
#19
Gabriel J Culbert, Forrest W Crawford, Astia Murni, Agung Waluyo, Alexander R Bazazi, Junaiti Sahar, Frederick L Altice
Objectives: HIV-related mortality is increasing in Indonesia, where prisons house many people living with HIV and addiction. We examined all-cause mortality in HIV-infected Indonesian prisoners within prison and up to 24 months post-release. Materials and Methods: Randomly selected HIV-infected male prisoners (n=102) from two prisons in Jakarta, Indonesia completed surveys in prison and were followed up for 2 years (until study completion) or until they died or were lost to follow-up...
2017: Research and Reports in Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232248/endocarditis-in-the-setting-of-idu-multidisciplinary-management
#20
Bobby Yanagawa, Anees Bahji, Wiplove Lamba, Darrell H Tan, Asim Cheema, Ishba Syed, Subodh Verma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to provide a brief overview of the medical and surgical management of infective endocarditis secondary to IDU, with a focus on the underlying substance use disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with infective endocarditis secondary to IDU are often young with unique comorbidities including mental illness, chronic hepatitis C, HIV infection, which are often compounded by limited social and familial supports. The focus of management has been treatment of endocarditis using IV antibiotics alongside surgery...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
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