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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513227/temporal-relationship-of-sex-risk-behaviors-and-substance-use-severity-among-men-in-substance-use-treatment
#1
Howard Newville, James L Sorensen, Mary Hatch-Maillette, Donald A Calsyn
Sex risk behaviors and substance use are intertwined. Many men continue to engage in high-risk sexual behaviors even when enrolled in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. We hypothesized that changes in sex risk behaviors would coincide with changes in drug/alcohol use severity among men in SUD treatment. During an HIV risk-reduction trial, men in methadone maintenance and outpatient drug-free treatment (N = 359) completed assessments at baseline and six months after. We assessed changes in sex risk and substance use severity, using the Addiction Severity Index-Lite (ASI-Lite), controlling for treatment condition...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497234/the-2017-caldar-summer-institute-and-international-conference-promoting-global-health-precision-research-in-substance-abuse-hiv-and-care
#2
Yih-Ing Hser, Ming D Li, Christine Grella, Lynn Brecht, Zhiwei Chen, Sulie L Chang, Linda Chang, Jacques Normand, Betty Tai
The 2017 CALDAR Summer Institute on Longituidnal Research and International Conference Series to Promote Global Health will take place in Los Angeles Universal City, CA, USA from August 15 to August 17, 2017. The conference will present a selection of the lastest and most current reseach in the areas of addiction, HIV, and related treatment.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496958/prevalence-of-hiv-aids-among-iranian-prisoners-a-review-article
#3
REVIEW
Morteza Akbari, Maryam Akbari, Ahmad Naghibzadeh-Tahami, Hassan Joulaei, Maryam Nasiriyan, Maryam Hesampour, Kamran Bagheri-Lankarani
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, prisoners are more at risk of being infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as well as hepatitis C and B in comparison with other risk groups. The combination of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), addiction and prison are factors that threaten the health of our society. Influence of risky behaviors is so common on transmission of AIDS into prisoners' bodies. This study used available information and reports to investigate the prevalence of HIV in Iranian prisons...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494762/the-north-american-opioid-epidemic-current-challenges-and-a-call-for-treatment-as-prevention
#4
Devesh Vashishtha, Maria Luisa Mittal, Daniel Werb
There is a need for creative, public health-oriented solutions to the increasingly intractable problems associated with the North American opioid epidemic. This epidemic is a fundamentally continental problem, as routes of migration, drug demand, and drug exchange link the USA with Mexico and Canada. The challenges faced throughout North America include entrenched prescribing practices of opioid medications, high costs and low availability of medication-assisted treatment (MAT), and policy approaches that present substantial barriers to care...
May 12, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479740/effect-of-shankhpushpi-on-alcohol-addiction-in-mice
#5
Mahi Heba, Sana Faraz, Sugato Banerjee
Alcohol addiction is a worldwide problem. It has mainly two components: dependence and withdrawal. Characteristic properties of most anti-addictive compounds include anti-anxiety, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, and nootropic actions. Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis. Convolvulaceae), known ethnopharmacologically as brain tonic, possess all the properties mentioned above. Here, we screen shankhpushpi for possible anti-addictive potential. Effect of shankhpushpi churna was measured on ethanol withdrawal anxiety using elevated plus maze...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458265/campus-and-community-hiv-and-addiction-prevention-cchap-an-hiv-testing-and-prevention-model-to-reach-young-african-american-adults
#6
Rhonda C Holliday, Tiffany Zellner, Clarissa Francis, Ronald L Braithwaite, Brian McGregor, Jean Bonhomme
The Campus and Community HIV and Addiction Prevention (CCHAP) project was a collaborative effort between three academic institutions and a community-based organization to conduct rapid HIV testing, assess substance use behaviors, and provide education on HIV risk behaviors for African Americans, 18-24, attending historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) and within the surrounding community. As a result of this partnership 2,385 participants received a rapid HIV test, with testing split almost equally between the campus and the community...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454044/unintended-impacts-of-regulatory-changes-to-british-columbia-methadone-maintenance-program-on-addiction-and-hiv-related-outcomes-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#7
M Eugenia Socías, Evan Wood, Ryan McNeil, Thomas Kerr, Huiru Dong, Jean Shoveller, Julio Montaner, M-J Milloy
BACKGROUND: In February 2014, several regulatory reforms were introduced to the methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program in British Columbia, Canada, including a switch to a ten-times more concentrated methadone formulation and restrictions in pharmacy delivery services. We evaluated possible unintended effects of these changes on illicit drug use patterns and HIV treatment outcomes among HIV-positive opioid users. METHODS: Data was drawn from ACCESS, a prospective community-recruited cohort of HIV-positive people who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada...
April 25, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452731/quality-of-life-of-people-living-with-hiv-identification-of-the-determinants
#8
D Mauyenova, L Karp, B Zhussupov, M Abilmazhinov
The high prevalence rate of HIV worldwide, including the Republic of Kazakhstan (the RK), in large cities in particular, underlies the tremendous significance of this medical condition for society, economy, demography and healthcare. The objective of this study was to identify the most important determinants of quality of life (QL) of people living with HIV in a large city. The study was carried out in 3 stages. At the first stage, the HIV morbidity and PLH mortality figures over the period of 10 years (2005-2014) in a metropolis (the city of Astana) were analyzed in comparison to the general ones for the Republic...
February 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448903/violence-trauma-and-living-with-hiv-longitudinal-predictors-of-initiating-crystal-methamphetamine-injection-among-sex-workers
#9
Elena Argento, Steffanie A Strathdee, Shira Goldenberg, Melissa Braschel, Julio Montaner, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Despite rapid increases in crystal methamphetamine (CM) use worldwide and established gendered patterns of use, empirical research on CM injection initiation among sex workers is limited. Given the wide range of harms associated with CM, alongside stimulant effects including sexual dis-inhibition and prolonged awake-ness, this study aimed to longitudinally investigate socio-structural predictors of initiating CM injection among sex workers in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data (2010-2014) were drawn from a community-based cohort of women sex workers: AESHA (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access)...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434253/risky-sexual-behaviors-as-correlates-of-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-male-hiv-test-seekers-at-a-voluntary-counseling-and-testing-facility-in-taiwan
#10
Chia-Chun Lin, Yuan-Ti Lee, Hao-Jan Yang
This study aims at determining the level of depression and suicidal status of adult HIV test-seekers. Of the total enrolled 850 males, almost 50% reported some risk behaviors, 38.9% experienced depression, and 7.2% had suicidal ideation. Subjects with risky sexual behaviors in terms of repeated HIV test, had a history of sexually transmitted disease, engaged in one-night stands, or did not use condoms all the time with causal sexual partners were more likely to have depression. Furthermore, subjects who were bisexual/homosexual, engaged in Internet sex, engaged in one-night stands, or used addictive drugs within the past 6 months were more likely to experience suicidal ideation...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418984/anger-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-co-infected-with-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-virus-a-cross-sectional-study-anrs-co13-hepavih
#11
Fabienne Marcellin, Camelia Protopopescu, Laure Esterle, Linda Wittkop, Lionel Piroth, Hugues Aumaitre, Olivier Bouchaud, Cécile Goujard, Daniel Vittecoq, François Dabis, Dominique Salmon-Ceron, Bruno Spire, Perrine Roux, Maria P Carrieri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to document the relationship between anger dimensions (state, trait, expression, and control) and quality of life (QoL) in patients co-infected with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study nested in the ANRS CO13-HEPAVIH French national cohort. Anger and QoL were assessed using self-administered questionnaires in 536 HIV-HCV-co-infected patients. Correlations between anger scores (STAXI-2 scale) and QoL scores (WHOQOL-HIV BREF scale) were assessed using Spearman's coefficients...
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397449/the-neuropsychiatric-aspect-of-the-hcv-infection
#12
REVIEW
Magdalena Więdłocha, Piotr Marcinowicz, Dorota Sokalla, Bartłomiej Stańczykiewicz
HCV infection is significantly more prevalent in the population of psychiatric patients, drug addicts and people tending to undertake risky sexual behaviors than in the general population. This article presents a spectrum of psychopathological symptoms and psychological dysfunctions, an outline of current theories on the neuropathology and psychiatric aspects of HCV infection treatment. The unspecific character of the psychopathological symptoms in the HCV infection makes the process of thorough diagnostics and adequate treatment difficult, thus the specific and characteristic features have been emphasized...
January 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391953/-efficacy-of-the-treatment-and-secondary-antifungal-prophylaxis-in-aids-related-histoplasmosis-experience-at-the-francisco-j-mu%C3%A3-iz-infectious-diseases-hospital-in-buenos-aires
#13
Ricardo Negroni, Fernando Messina, Alicia Arechavala, Gabriela Santiso, Mario Bianchi
BACKGROUND: Classic histoplasmosis is a systemic endemic mycosis due to Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum. A significant reduction in the morbidity and mortality of AIDS-related histoplasmosis has been observed since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and secondary antifungal prophylaxis. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the current state of prognosis and treatment response of HIV-positive patients with histoplasmosis in the Francisco J...
April 5, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379107/gender-and-sex-trading-among-active-methamphetamine-users-in-cape-town-south-africa
#14
Ryan R Lion, Melissa H Watt, Wendee M Wechsberg, Christina S Meade
BACKGROUND: South Africa has experienced a tremendous rise in methamphetamine use since the year 2000. Sex trading is a global phenomenon that has been observed in active drug users and has been associated with risks for HIV infection and violence. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes and examines the correlates of sex trading among active methamphetamine users in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Through peer referral, 360 (201 male; 159 female) active methamphetamine users were recruited in a peri-urban township...
May 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358733/plasma-dickkopf-related-protein-1-an-antagonist-of-the-wnt-pathway-is-associated-with-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-impairment
#15
Chunjiang Yu, Melanie Seaton, Scott Letendre, Robert Heaton, Lena Al-Harthi
OBJECTIVE: DKK1 is a soluble antagonist of the Wnt pathway. It binds to and sequesters LRP5/6 away from Wnts. Because the Wnt pathway regulates synaptic transmission and plasticity, we hypothesized that increased DKK1 would increase the risk for neurocognitive impairment (NCI) in HIV+ individuals. We evaluated here the relationship between plasma DKK1 and global NCI. METHODS: Plasma samples and data from 41 HIV+ and 42 HIV- adults were obtained from the University of California, San Diego...
March 29, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358552/determinants-of-risk-taking-in-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#16
Daniela Gomez, Christopher Power, M John Gill, Esther Fujiwara
OBJECTIVE: Decision-making involves fronto-striatal brain areas that are particularly vulnerable to the effects of HIV infection. Some studies report impaired decision-making in people with HIV/AIDS with past or present addictions and/or accompanying HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). The authors investigated risk-based decision-making in HIV/AIDS, separating individuals with or without accompanying HAND. METHOD: A total of 288 HIV-infected persons underwent standardized neuropsychological testing...
March 30, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346804/hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infections-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-people-who-inject-drugs-in-lahore-pakistan
#17
Sana Mansha, Muhammad Imran, Amir Miraj Ul Hussain Shah, Muhsin Jamal, Fayyaz Ahmed, Muhammad Atif, Muhammmad Saleem, Sher Zaman Safi, Zareen Fatima, Ahmed Bilal Waqar
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are the major cause of the global burden of hepatitis. One of the main routes of transmission for both viruses is through exposure to infected blood, which includes sharing blood-contaminated syringes and needles. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks the immune system and results in acquired immune deficiency syndrome and opportunistic infections. The objective of this study was to assess the epidemiology of HBV and HCV infections among HIV-infected people who inject drugs (PWID)...
March 27, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339662/hiv-1-proteins-influence-novelty-seeking-behavior-and-alter-region-specific-transcriptional-responses-to-chronic-nicotine-treatment-in-hiv-1tg-rats
#18
Zhongli Yang, Tanseli Nesil, Taylor Wingo, Sulie L Chang, Ming D Li
Introduction: Clinical studies suggest that HIV-1-infected patients are more likely to use or abuse addictive drugs than is the general population. We hypothesized that HIV-1 proteins impact novelty-seeking behavior and enhance the transcriptional response to nicotine in genes implicated in both novelty-seeking behavior and drug addiction. Methods: We assessed the effects of HIV-1 proteins on novelty-seeking behavior by comparing baseline activity differences of HIV-1Tg and F344 control rats in the open-field test...
February 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324813/among-patients-with-unhealthy-alcohol-use-those-with-hiv-are-less-likely-than-those-without-to-receive-evidence-based-alcohol-related-care-a-national-va-study
#19
Emily C Williams, Gwen T Lapham, Susan M Shortreed, Anna D Rubinsky, Jennifer F Bobb, Kara M Bensley, Sheryl L Catz, Julie E Richards, Katharine A Bradley
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use has important adverse effects on people living with HIV (PLWH). This study of patients with recognized unhealthy alcohol use estimated and compared rates of alcohol-related care received by PLWH and HIV- patients. METHODS: Outpatients from the Veterans Health Administration who had one or more positive screen(s) for unhealthy alcohol use (AUDIT-C≥5) documented in their medical records 10/2009-5/2013 were eligible. Primary and secondary outcomes were brief intervention documented ≤14days after a positive alcohol screen, and a composite measure of any alcohol-related care (brief intervention, specialty addictions treatment or pharmacotherapy documented ≤365 days), respectively...
May 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321466/the-risk-and-clinical-outcome-of-candidemia-depending-on-underlying-malignancy
#20
Olivier Lortholary, Charlotte Renaudat, Karine Sitbon, Marie Desnos-Ollivier, Stéphane Bretagne, Françoise Dromer
PURPOSE: To assess the risk factors and outcomes associated with fungemia caused by the six most commonly occurring Candida species in patients with and without malignancies. METHODS: Analysis of the episodes of fungemia due to common Candida species in adults, based on an active hospital-based surveillance program (Paris area, France, 2002 to 2014). RESULTS: Of the 3417 patients (3666 isolates), 1164 (34.1%) had a solid tumor (45.7% digestive tract) and 586 (17...
May 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
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