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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931161/probing-behavior-of-dichelops-furcatus-f-heteroptera-pentatomidae-on-wheat-plants-characterized-by-electropenetrography-epg-and-histological-studies
#1
Tiago Lucini, Antônio Ricardo Panizzi
The stink bug Dichelops furcatus (F.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) has increased in abundance in recent years on the wheat, Triticum aestivum L., crop cultivated in the southern region of Brazil. To investigate the probing (stylet penetration) behaviors and nonprobing behaviors of D. furcatus on wheat plants, the electrical penetration graph or electropenetrography (EPG) technique was applied. Nine EPG waveforms (types/subtypes) were identified and described on stem and on ear head of wheat plants, as follows: Z, Np, Df1a, Df1b, Df2, Df3a, Df3b, Df4a, and Df4b...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930966/bilateral-pulmonary-emboli-and-extensive-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-in-the-setting-of-large-subcapsular-hematoma-and-liver-laceration-after-blunt-trauma
#2
Alejandro Betancourt-Ramirez, Soraya SMolero, Patrizio Petrone, Corrado P Marini, Heidi L Frankel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927911/characteristics-of-blood-blister-like-aneurysms-with-a-saccular-shape-appearance
#3
Hirofumi Nishikawa, Shigetoshi Shimizu, Hideki Nakajima, Yotaro Kitano, Takanori Sano, Genshin Mouri, Fumitaka Miya, Hidenori Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs) are a subgroup of aneurysms located on non-branching sites of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and characterized by small size, a fragile wall, and a poorly defined broad-based neck. Both direct surgery and endovascular treatment for BBA are often challenging. Some of them were reported to look like a true saccular aneurysm, and the misdiagnosis of BBA might result in catastrophic outcomes. The purpose of this study is to clarify the clinical and intraoperative findings of saccular BBAs...
September 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923011/nurse-midwives-ability-to-diagnose-acute-third-and-fourth-degree-obstetric-lacerations-in-western-kenya
#4
Leeya F Pinder, Kelsey H Natsuhara, Thomas F Burke, Svjetlana Lozo, Monica Oguttu, Leah Miller, Brett D Nelson, Melody J Eckardt
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula devastates the lives of women and is found most commonly among the poor in resource-limited settings. Unrepaired third- and fourth-degree perineal lacerations have been shown to be the source of approximately one-third of the fistula burden in fistula camps in Kenya. In this study, we assessed potential barriers to accurate identification by Kenyan nurse-midwives of these complex perineal lacerations in postpartum women. METHODS: Nurse-midwife trainers from each of the seven sub-counties of Siaya County, Kenya were assessed in their ability to accurately identify obstetric lacerations and anatomical structures of the perineum, using a pictorial assessment tool...
September 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918771/falls-in-hospitalized-geriatric-psychiatry-patients-high-incidence-but-only-a-few-fractures
#5
Dennis Oepen, Tim Fleiner, Andrés Oliva Y Hausmann, Susanne Zank, Wiebren Zijlstra, Peter Haeussermann
Fall rates from 3.2 to 17.1 falls per 1,000 hospital days in geriatric psychiatry facilities have been reported to date. Up to 5% of the falls result in severe injuries, but data concerning medical consequences are scare. This brief report presents a retrospective analysis of one year fall protocols from a geriatric psychiatry department focusing on consequences of falls. Fall-induced injuries were rated in four categories: no injuries, mild injuries (contusions, hematomas, abrasions), moderate injuries (lacerations, dislocations), and severe injuries (fractures, cerebral hemorrhages)...
September 18, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915211/minimally-invasive-laparoscopic-dissected-deep-inferior-epigastric-artery-perforator-flap-mild-diep-an-anatomic-feasibility-study-and-a-first-clinical-case
#6
Mikael Hivelin, Antoine Soprani, Nathaniel Schaffer, Stéphane Hans, Laurent Lantieri
The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is a workhorse of breast reconstruction. Risks of herniation derive from violation of the rectus abdominis muscle anterior rectus sheath (ARS) and might be reduced by Minimally Invasive Laparoscopic Dissection (MILD) of the deep inferior epigastric vessels. We performed a feasibility study on five anatomical subjects and performed a secondary right breast reconstruction on a 67 year-old woman. A 30° laparoscope was used with laparoscopy ports inset to preserve the flap...
September 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913320/pediatric-orbital-medial-wall-trapdoor-fracture-with-normal-computed-tomography-findings
#7
Hyun Rok Lee, Gyu Yong Jung, Dong Lark Lee, Hea Kyeong Shin
With advances in diagnostic technology, radiologic diagnostic methods have been used more frequently, and physical examination may be neglected. The authors report a case of pediatric medial orbital trapdoor fracture in which the surgery was delayed because computed tomography (CT) findings did not indicate bone displacement, incarceration of rectus muscle, or soft tissue herniation. A healthy 6-year-old boy was admitted to the emergency room for right eyebrow laceration. We could not check eyeball movement or diplopia, because the patient was irritable...
June 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913129/evaluating-the-content-and-quality-of-intrapartum-care-in-vaginal-births-an-example-of-a-state-hospital
#8
Zekiye Karaçam, Döndü Arslan Kurnaz, Gizem Güneş
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to assess the content and quality of the intrapartum care offered in vaginal births in Turkey, based on the example of a state hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between January 1(st), 2013 and December 31(st), 2014 at Aydın Maternity and Children's Hospital. The study sample consisted of 303 women giving vaginal birth, who were recruited into the study using the method of convenience sampling...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910815/the-outcome-and-patterns-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-paediatric-population-of-a-developing-country-secondary-to-tv-trolley-tip-over
#9
Muhammad Waqas, Gohar Javed, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Badar Ujjan, Syed A Quadri, Muhammad Zubair Tahir
BACKGROUND: Television (TV) trolley tip-over incidences are common and can cause significant morbidity and mortality in children. This study was aimed at analyzing the pattern and outcomes of head injuries resulting from TV trolley tip-over. METHOD: We conducted a medical chart review of children with TV trolley tip-over head injuries from January 2009 to April 2016. We collected data on demographics, the mechanism of injury, clinical and radiological features of the injury, and outcomes...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905196/mechanical-evaluation-of-cerebral-aneurysm-clip-scissoring-phenomenon-comparison-of-titanium-alloy-and-cobalt-alloy
#10
Keiji Tsutsumi, Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, Kazuhiro Hongo
Cerebral aneurysm clip blades crossing during surgery is well known as scissoring. Scissoring might cause rupture of the aneurysm due to laceration of its neck. Although aneurysm clip scissoring is well known, there have been few reports describing the details of this phenomenon. Quasi-scissoring phenomenon was introduced mechanically by rotating the clip head attached to a silicone sheet. The anti-scissoring torque during the twist of the blades was measured by changing the depth and the opening width. The closing force was also evaluated...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902761/care-of-water-polo-players
#11
Jennifer D Stromberg
Water polo is a team sport that combines swimming with overhead throwing and wrestling. This places water polo players at risk for a unique group of illnesses and injuries. In addition to the medical problems and injuries seen in competitive swimmers, water polo players are at risk for a variety of traumatic injuries, including concussions, eye injuries, tympanic membrane perforation, fractures, dislocations, and lacerations. Repetitive overhead throwing also places these athletes at risk for related injuries, such as shoulder problems, including rotator cuff strain and impingement, and elbow problems, such as ulnar collateral ligament injuries, posteromedial impingement, and osteochondritis dissecans of the radial capitellum...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900497/pretreatment-nomograms-for-local-and-regional-recurrence-after-radical-radiation-therapy-for-primary-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#12
Fo-Ping Chen, Li Lin, Zhen-Yu Qi, Guan-Qun Zhou, Rui Guo, Jiang Hu, Ai-Hua Lin, Jun Ma, Ying Sun
Background: The aim of this study was to build nomograms to predict local recurrence (LR) and regional recurrence (RR) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) underwent intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). Patients and Methods : A total of 1811 patients with non-metastatic NPC treated with IMRT (with or without chemotherapy) between October 2009 and February 2012 at our center were involved for building the nomograms. Nomograms for LR-free rate and RR-free rate at 3- and 5- year were generated as visualizations of Cox proportional hazards regression models, and validated using bootstrap resampling, estimating discrimination and calibration...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899560/nerve-injuries-to-the-volar-aspect-of-the-hand-a-comparison-of-the-reliability-of-the-weber-static-test-versus-the-gauze-test
#13
Charles Bijon, Juan José Hidalgo Diaz, Chiara Pizza, Sybille Facca, Alexis Pereira, Philippe Liverneaux
When examining lacerations to the volar aspect of the hand a gauze test may usually be performed to detect nerve injuries. However, published literature suggests that its sensitivity and specificity are lower than 100%. The aim of this study was to determine whether a Weber static (main hypothesis) and dynamic test or a Semmes-Weinstein test (secondary hypotheses) could be a more reliable test than the gauze test to rule out any nerve injury and avoid unnecessary wound explorations. Our case series included a total of 102 patients presenting with 123 palmar lacerations and 158 nerve injuries...
September 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894371/radiologic-findings-of-thoracic-trauma
#14
Cihan Akgul Ozmen, Serdar Onat, Delal Aycicek
INTRODUCTION: Chest trauma may be blunt or penetrating and the chest is the third most common trauma region. It is a significant cause of mortality. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has been an increasingly used method to evaluate chest trauma because of its high success in detecting tissue and organ injuries. Herein, we aimed to present MDCT findings in patients with blunt and penetrating chest trauma admitted to our department. METHODS: A total of 240 patients admitted to the emergency department of our hospital between April 2012 and July 2013 with a diagnosis of chest trauma who underwent MDCT evaluations were included...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890257/effects-of-pdgf-bb-delivery-from-heparinized-collagen-sutures-on-the-healing-of-lacerated-chicken-flexor-tendon-in-vivo
#15
Mousa Younesi, Derrick M Knapik, Jameson Cumsky, Baris Ozgur Donmez, Ping He, Anowarul Islam, Greg Learn, Philip McClellan, Michael Bohl, Robert J Gillespie, Ozan Akkus
Flexor tendon lacerations are traditionally repaired by using non-absorbable monofilament sutures. Recent investigations have explored to improve the healing process by growth factor delivery from the sutures. However, it is difficult to conjugate growth factors to nylon or other synthetic sutures. This study explores the performance of a novel electrochemically aligned collagen suture in a flexor tendon repair model with and without platelet derived growth factor following complete tendon laceration in vivo...
September 7, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888078/healing-of-soft-tissue-lacerations-in-diabetic-induced-rats
#16
Fawaz Alzoubi, Bobby Joseph, Lars Andersson
BACKGROUND/AIM: Prevalence and incidence of diabetes is increasing and many dental trauma patients today have diabetes. The implications of delayed wound healing, associated with diabetes mellitus, on oral mucosal wound healing has not been investigated extensively. The aim of this study was to investigate the implications of diabetes mellitus on the cellular, vascular, and fibroblastic changes induced by laceration on the oral mucosa of Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen female Wistar rats were randomly assigned into two groups: 1...
September 9, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885403/postpartum-management-after-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries
#17
Allison Eubanks, Scott M Petersen
A 26-year-old woman, gravida 1 para 1, experiences a severe perineal laceration that extends through the rectal mucosa after a vaginal delivery. She asks you, "What can be done to optimize my recovery?"
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882352/adult-spinal-deformity-national-trends-in-the-presentation-treatment-and-perioperative-outcomes-from-2003-to-2010
#18
Peter G Passias, Cyrus M Jalai, Nancy Worley, Shaleen Vira, Bryan Marascalchi, Shearwood McClelland, Virginie Lafage, Thomas J Errico
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a prospective database. OBJECTIVES: To investigate adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery outcome trends on a nationwide scale using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2003 to 2010. METHODS: ASD patients ≥25 years from 2003 to 2010 in the NIS undergoing anterior, posterior, or combined surgical approaches were included. Fractures, 9+ levels fused, or any cancer were excluded. Patient demographics, hospital data, and procedure-related complications were evaluated...
September 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878915/ethanol-injection-into-the-marshall-vein-provoking-a-pericardial-effusion-resulting-in-a-fatal-complication-in-a-patient-with-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Kazuo Kato, Osamu Igawa, Shin-Ichiro Morimoto, Ryosuke Kametani, Akimitsu Tanaka, Hideo Hattori
An EIM (ethanol infusion into the vein of Marshall [VOM]) provoked a fatal complication in a chronic hemodialysis patient. Autopsy revealed a lacerated VOM covered with thrombi as the only potential cause. The EIM caused vascular damage and clots resulting in myocardial necrosis and interstitial bleeding around the lacerated VOM.
September 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875390/core-curriculum-illustration-pulmonary-laceration
#20
Daniel Carson, Rachael Edwards
This is the 44th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.erad.org/page/CCIP_TOC .
September 5, 2017: Emergency Radiology
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