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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915439/presence-of-ureaplasma-diversum-in-the-genital-tracts-of-female-dairy-cattle-in-mato-grosso-state-brazil
#1
Jaqueline B Azevedo, Gustavo S Silva, Priscylla S Rocha, Letícia C Pitchenin, Valéria Dutra, Luciano Nakazato, Anderson Castro Soares de Oliveira, Caroline A Pescador
Ureaplasma diversum infection in bovine females may result in various reproductive problems, including granular vulvovaginitis, abortion, weak calves, salpingitis, and spontaneous abortion. The presence of U. diversum in a dairy bovine population from midwestern Brazil has not been established. The aim of this study was to determine whether U. diversum was present in dairy cattle from midwestern Brazil using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Vulvovaginal mucus was analyzed from 203 cows located in six municipalities in the north region of Mato Grosso State, Brazil...
December 3, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913060/outcome-of-pregnancy-and-neonatal-complications-with-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-use-in-females-with-immune-mediated-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Fukiko Komaki, Yuga Komaki, Dejan Micic, Akio Ido, Atsushi Sakuraba
BACKGROUND: Immune mediated diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) commonly affect young and adolescent females. Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents are increasingly used to treat these conditions, but their safety during pregnancy remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk of pregnancy related outcomes in patients with various immune mediated diseases treated with anti-TNF-α agents...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910733/a-comparative-morphologic-and-morphometric-study-about-geniculate-ganglion-development-in-man-and-in-rat
#3
Ana Sánchez-Del-Rey, José Maria Sánchez-Fernández, Arantza Ibargutxi, Agustin Martinez-Ibargüen, Francisco Santaolalla
CONCLUSIONS: Human-rat geniculate ganglion (GG) have multiple origins: (1) An initial proximity (20 μm) to the endocranial foramen of the IAM, suggests neural crest induction; and (2) The influence of epibranchial placodes: the tensor tympani muscle (TTM) and the otic apical coil. OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to determine the comparative development of human-rat GG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A light microscopic study of the GG in human material obtained from spontaneous abortions at 9, 13, 14, 17, 18, and 30 weeks, and one neonate was done...
December 2, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906937/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-the-management-of-acute-postoperative-pain-syndrome-after-caesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Pierfrancesco Fusco, Vincenza Cofini, Emiliano Petrucci, Paolo Scimia, Tullio Pozone, Giuseppe Paladini, Gaspare Carta, Stefano Necozione, Battista Borghi, Franco Marinangeli
BACKGROUND: The international literature is unclear regarding the analgesic efficacy of the transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) after a Caesarean section (CS). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether a correctly performed ultrasound-guided TAPB (USG-TAPB) could provide better control of acute postoperative pain during the first 72 hours after CS and if it could provide a faster postoperative recovery. STUDY DESIGN: A double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial on pregnant women who underwent CS...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906421/prostaglandin-e2-trace-elements-and-levels-of-oxidative-processes-in-spontaneous-miscarriages
#5
J K Popović, Z Grujić, I Grujić, M Bogavac, D Ćelić, K J Popović, A Jakovljević, D J Popović
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the significance of prostaglandin (PG)E2, trace elements level, pro-oxidative and antioxidative parameters changes in spontaneous miscarriages. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the 125 first trimester pregnancies, 35 with complete spontaneous abortion (group S), 40 with missed abortion (M) and 50 healthy (H), PGE2 plasma concentrations were analysed by commercial ELISA kits, plasma trace elements colorimetrically, lipid peroxidation and the antioxidative enzyme activities in hemolysate by commercial sets...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898714/comparable-effectiveness-of-first-week-treatment-with-anti-staphylococcal-penicillin-versus-cephalosporin-in-methicillin-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-a-propensity-score-adjusted-retrospective-study
#6
Erik Forsblom, Eeva Ruotsalainen, Asko Järvinen
: The objective was to compare the prognostic impact of first week treatment with anti-staphylococcal penicillin (ASP) versus cephalosporin in methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (MS-SAB). Altogether 580 patients were retrospectively followed and categorized according to first week treatment; 84% (488) received ASP (cloxacillin) and 16% (92) cephalosporin (cefuroxime or ceftriaxone). SAB management was optimized with formal bedside infectious disease specialist consultation in 88%, deep infection foci diagnosed in 77% and adjunctive rifampicin therapy given to 61% of patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894836/use-of-complement-binding-assays-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-antibody-mediated-rejection-therapy-and-prediction-of-graft-survival-in-kidney-transplantation
#7
Daniel S Ramon, Yihung Huang, Lili Zhao, TrisAnn Rendulic, Jeong M Park, Randall S Sung, Milagros Samaniego
BACKGROUND: The Luminex(®) single antigen bead assay (SAB) is the method of choice for monitoring the treatment for antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). A ⩾50% reduction of the dominant donor-specific antibody (IgG-DSA) mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) has been associated with improved kidney allograft survival, and C1q-fixing DSA activity is associated with poor outcomes in patients with AMR. We aimed to investigate if C1q-DSA can be used as a reliable predictor of response to therapy and allograft survival in patients with biopsy-proven AMR...
November 25, 2016: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891779/using-insurance-claims-data-to-identify-and-estimate-critical-periods-in-pregnancy-an-application-to-antidepressants
#8
Elizabeth C Ailes, Regina M Simeone, April L Dawson, Emily E Petersen, Suzanne M Gilboa
BACKGROUND: Health insurance claims are a rich data source to examine medication use in pregnancy. Our objective was to identify pregnant women, their pregnancy outcomes, and date of their last menstrual period (LMP), and to estimate antidepressant dispensations in pregnancy. METHODS: From a literature search, we identified diagnosis and procedure codes indicating the end of a pregnancy. Using Truven Health MarketScan(®) Commercial Claims and Encounters Databases, we identified all inpatient admissions and outpatient service claims with these codes...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883173/clinical-application-of-snp-array-analysis-in-first-trimester-pregnancy-loss-a-prospective-study
#9
Yan Wang, Qing Cheng, Lulu Meng, Chunyu Luo, Huanran Hu, Jingjing Zhang, Jian Cheng, Tianhui Xu, Tao Jiang, Dong Liang, Ping Hu, Zhengfeng Xu
Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) has been used routinely in pediatric and prenatal genetic diagnosis in clinical practice, but it has rarely been applied to miscarriage analysis. In this study, we conducted a prospective study to evaluate the feasibility of CMA for genetic diagnosis of first-trimester miscarriage specimens. We successfully analyzed 551 fresh miscarriage specimens using SNP array. Among the specimens, 2.9% (16/551) had significant maternal cell contamination and were excluded from the study...
November 24, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882087/increased-apoptosis-rate-of-human-decidual-cells-and-cytotrophoblasts-in-patients-with-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion-as-a-result-of-abnormal-expression-of-cdkn1a-and-bax
#10
Xiaomei Lv, Zhenhong Cai, Su Li
In the present study, we analyzed the proliferation and apoptosis of trophoblasts and human decidual cells in patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion and the related cellular pathway mechanism. Thirty-four patients with recurrent abortion and 30 healthy pregnant women undergoing planned artificial abortion were selected. The trophoblast and decidual cells were collected by negative pressure aspiration technique. TUNEL method was used to detect the apoptosis rate. Immunohistochemical method was used for detection of TP53 protein...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882032/effect-of-socio-cultural-factors-on-spontaneous-abortion-in-burdur-turkey-a-population-based-case-control-study
#11
Binali Catak, Can Oner, Sevinc Sutlu, Selcuk Kilinc
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sociocultural factors that have effect on spontaneous abortion in Burdur, Turkey. METHODS: Study was designed as case-control study. The case group consist of 257 women whose pregnancies ended with spontaneous abortion. The control group consisted of 514 women whose pregnancy continued since 22 weeks and more during the study. Chi-square, and backward LR logistic regression were utilized in analyses. RESULTS: In multifactorial-analyses it was determined that four factors (educational status of women, employment status of women, exposure to physical violence and non-receipt of ANC) created independent risk on spontaneous abortions...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882001/psychiatric-symptoms-and-pregnancy-distress-in-subsequent-pregnancy-after-spontaneous-abortion-history
#12
Elahe Haghparast, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Ramezan Hassanzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous abortion is one of the most important complications of pregnancy with short and long adverse psychological effects on women. This study assesses the implications of a spontaneous abortion history has on women's psychiatric symptoms and pregnancy distress in subsequent pregnancy less than one years after spontaneous abortion. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on pregnant women of Babol city from September 2014 to May 2015. In this study, 100 pregnant women with spontaneous abortion history during a year ago and 100 pregnant women without spontaneous abortion history were enrolled...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878468/the-risk-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcome-after-first-trimester-exposure-to-h1-antihistamines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Fatma Etwel, Lauren H Faught, Michael J Rieder, Gideon Koren
INTRODUCTION: H1 antihistamines are used for the treatment of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy as well as the symptomatic relief of asthma, urticaria, allergy, and the common cold. Although they are overall felt to be safe during pregnancy, recently several studies have challenged this assumption, as millions of women are exposed to them in the first trimester. METHODS: Following the guidelines of PRISMA, a systematic review was performed to retrieve all published articles involving H1-antihistamine exposure during pregnancy...
November 22, 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871301/an-innovative-and-collaborative-partnership-between-patients-with-rare-disease-and-industry-supported-registries-the-global-ahus-registry
#14
REVIEW
Len Woodward, Sally Johnson, Johan Vande Walle, Joran Beck, Christoph Gasteyger, Christoph Licht, Gema Ariceta
BACKGROUND: Patients are becoming increasingly involved in research which can promote innovation through novel ideas, support patient-centred actions, and facilitate drug development. For rare diseases, registries that collect data from patients can increase knowledge of the disease's natural history, evaluate clinical therapies, monitor drug safety, and measure quality of care. The active participation of patients is expected to optimise rare-disease management and improve patient outcomes...
November 21, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852922/abnormal-expression-of-trail-receptors-in-decidual-tissue-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-infected-rats-during-early-pregnancy-loss
#15
Jinzhi Lu, Liya Zhu, Lei Zhang, Jinpeng Jiang, Fang Xie, Qing Huang, Xiaolan Li, Cunjian Yi
Chlamydia trachomatis is the scientific name of pathogenic bacteria causing infection that has been linked to spontaneous abortion. In this study, the expression pattern of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL; a cytokine related to cell apoptosis) and its receptors was monitored in the decidua of C trachomatis-infected pregnant rats during early gestation to investigate the potential role of this molecular system in C trachomatis-induced spontaneous abortion. The data showed that C trachomatis infection significantly altered the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of the receptors; death receptor (DR) 4 and DR5 increased, but decoy receptor (DcR) 1 and DcR2 decreased...
November 16, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842992/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-genetic-association-studies-in-idiopathic-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion
#16
Nina Pereza, Saša Ostojić, Miljenko Kapović, Borut Peterlin
OBJECTIVES: 1) To perform the first comprehensive systematic review of genetic association studies (GASs) in idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion (IRSA); 2) to analyze studies according to recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) definition and selection criteria for patients and control subjects; and 3) to perform meta-analyses for the association of candidate genes with IRSA. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Not applicable...
November 11, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829434/human-papillomavirus-type-18-infection-in-a-female-renal-allograft-recipient-a-case-report
#17
Maksims Cistjakovs, Alina Sultanova, Olga Jermakova, Svetlana Chapenko, Baiba Lesina-Korne, Rafail Rozental, Dace Razeberga, Modra Murovska, Ieva Ziedina
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus type 18 is the second most common cause of cervical cancer and is found in 7 to 20 % of cases of cervical cancer. The oncogenic potential of high-risk human papillomavirus is associated with expression of early proteins E6 and E7. Due to long-term immunosuppressive therapy, renal transplant recipients have a higher risk of developing persistent human papillomavirus infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 29-year-old white woman from Latvia with chronic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis received renal allograft transplantation and was prescribed immunosuppressive therapy with cyclosporine, prednisolone, and mycophenolate mofetil...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829074/fetal-outcomes-following-emergency-department-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-vaginal-bleeding-in-early-pregnancy
#18
Catherine Varner, Dahlia Balaban, Shelley McLeod, Sally Carver, Bjug Borgundvaag
OBJECTIVE: To determine 20- and 40-week fetal outcomes following documentation of fetal cardiac activity (FCA) and intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) in women at less than 20 weeks' gestation presenting to the emergency department (ED) with vaginal bleeding. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Single-centre tertiary care ED. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women at less than 20 weeks' gestation presenting to the ED with vaginal bleeding...
July 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824756/adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-after-treatment-for-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#19
Tone Bjørge, Gry B Skare, Line Bjørge, Ameli Tropé, Stefan Lönnberg
OBJECTIVE: To explore associations between specific treatments for intraepithelial or early invasive cervical lesions and adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study in which treatment data from the Cancer Registry of Norway were linked to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway to identify adverse pregnancy outcomes. All women (n=545,243) with singleton births (N=943,321) in Norway during 1998-2014 were included; 9,554 of births were in women treated before delivery...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817038/dna-methyltransferase-3a-promoter-polymorphism-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-human-spontaneous-abortion-after-assisted-reproduction-techniques-and-natural-conception
#20
Yudong Liu, Haiyan Zheng, Pingping Guo, Shuxian Feng, Xingyu Zhou, Desheng Ye, Xin Chen, Shiling Chen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the association of the DNA-methyltransferase (DNMT)-3A and DNMT3B promoter polymorphisms with the risk of human spontaneous abortion after assisted reproduction techniques (ARTs) and natural conception. METHODS: We collected tissues from women who underwent abortion procedures: (a) chorionic villus samples (CVS) and muscle samples (MS) from spontaneous abortions conceived by ART and natural cycle (study group), n = 152; and (b) CVS and MS from normal early pregnancy and second trimester (control group), n = 155...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
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