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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049948/altered-responsiveness-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-and-its-implication-to-underlying-psychopathology
#1
Gaston Baslet, Benjamin Tolchin, Barbara A Dworetzky
PURPOSE: Altered responsiveness during psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) is a distinct semiological feature that may signal a psychological vulnerability. We hypothesized that altered responsiveness is related to difficulties with emotion tolerance, experiential avoidance, difficulty coping, dissociation and trauma and prior experiences of loss of awareness. METHODS: 71 patients with video-EEG confirmed PNES were divided into two groups based on their responsiveness at the time of the captured event during long-term monitoring...
October 13, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049154/self-esteem-locus-of-control-and-first-time-nclex-rn-passage-of-bsn-students-at-historically-black-colleges-and-universities
#2
Pamella Ivey Chavis
AIM: Relationships between self-esteem, locus of control (LOC), and first-time passage of National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN®) were examined at baccalaureate nursing programs at two historically black colleges and universities. BACKGROUND: Shortages continue to exceed demands for RNs prepared at the baccalaureate level. Inconsistent pass rates on the NCLEX-RN for graduates of historically black colleges and universities impede the supply of RNs...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035393/donor-lymphocyte-infusion-following-haploidentical-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-with-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-grafts-and-ptcy
#3
S R Goldsmith, M Slade, J F DiPersio, P Westervelt, M A Schroeder, F Gao, R Romee
Donor-lymphocyte infusion (DLI) for relapse following haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (haploHCT) with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) has been described in recipients of bone marrow grafts, but not recipients of G-CSF mobilized peripheral blood (PB) grafts. We retrospectively identified patients who underwent DLI following PB-haploHCT with PTCy for relapse, or loss of chimerism (LOC). Twelve patients (57%) received DLI for hematologic relapse/persistent disease, seven (33%) for extramedullary relapse and two (10%) for LOC...
October 16, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033966/impaired-magnesium-protoporphyrin-ix-methyltransferase-chlm-impedes-chlorophyll-synthesis-and-plant-growth-in-rice
#4
Zhaohai Wang, Xiao Hong, Keke Hu, Ya Wang, Xiaoxin Wang, Shiyun Du, Yang Li, Dandan Hu, Kexin Cheng, Baoguang An, Yangsheng Li
Magnesium protoporphyrin IX methyltransferase (ChlM) catalyzes the formation of magnesium protoporphyrin IX monomethylester (MgPME) from magnesium protoporphyrin IX (MgP) in the chlorophyll synthesis pathway. However, no ChlM gene has yet been identified and studied in monocotyledonous plants. In this study, a spontaneous mutant, yellow-green leaf 18 (ygl18), was isolated from rice (Oryza sativa). This mutant showed yellow-green leaves, decreased chlorophyll level, and climate-dependent growth differences. Map-based cloning of this mutant identified the YGL18 gene LOC_Os06g04150...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032400/fine-mapping-of-qtl-qctb10-2-that-confers-cold-tolerance-at-the-booting-stage-in-rice
#5
Jilong Li, Yinghua Pan, Haifeng Guo, Lei Zhou, Shuming Yang, Zhanying Zhang, Jiazhen Yang, Hongliang Zhang, Jinjie Li, Yawen Zeng, Zichao Li
The QTL qCTB10 - 2 controlling cold tolerance at the booting stage in rice was delimited to a 132.5 kb region containing 17 candidate genes and 4 genes were cold-inducible. Low temperature at the booting stage is a major abiotic stress-limiting rice production. Although some QTL for cold tolerance in rice have been reported, fine mapping of those QTL effective at the booting stage is few. Here, the near-isogenic line ZL31-2, selected from a BC7F2 population derived from a cross between cold-tolerant variety Kunmingxiaobaigu (KMXBG) and the cold-sensitive variety Towada, was used to map a QTL on chromosome 10 for cold tolerance at the booting stage...
October 14, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024234/vicariously-touching-products-through-observing-others-hand-actions-increases-purchasing-intention-and-the-effect-of-visual-perspective-in-this-process-an-fmri-study
#6
Yi Liu, Xuelian Zang, Lihan Chen, Leonardo Assumpção, Hong Li
The growth of online shopping increases consumers' dependence on vicarious sensory experiences, such as observing others touching products in commercials. However, empirical evidence on whether observing others' sensory experiences increases purchasing intention is still scarce. In the present study, participants observed others interacting with products in the first- or third-person perspective in video clips, and their neural responses were measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We investigated (1) whether and how vicariously touching certain products affected purchasing intention, and the neural correlates of this process; and (2) how visual perspective interacts with vicarious tactility...
October 11, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984076/patterns-of-eating-disorder-pathology-are-associated-with-weight-change-in-family-based-behavioral-obesity-treatment
#7
Katherine N Balantekin, Jacqueline F Hayes, Daniel H Sheinbein, Rachel P Kolko, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, Kelly Theim Hurst, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
OBJECTIVE: Children with overweight or obesity have elevated eating disorder (ED) pathology, which may increase their risk for clinical EDs. The current study identified patterns of ED pathology in children with overweight or obesity entering family-based behavioral weight loss treatment (FBT) and examined whether children with distinct patterns differed in their ED pathology and BMI z score (zBMI) change across FBT. METHODS: Before participating in a 16-session FBT, children (N = 241) completed surveys or interviews assessing ED pathology (emotional eating, shape/weight/eating concerns, restraint, and loss of control [LOC])...
October 6, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983307/qtl-mapping-by-whole-genome-re-sequencing-and-analysis-of-candidate-genes-for-nitrogen-use-efficiency-in-rice
#8
Xinghai Yang, Xiuzhong Xia, Zongqiong Zhang, Baoxuan Nong, Yu Zeng, Faqian Xiong, Yanyan Wu, Ju Gao, Guofu Deng, Danting Li
Nitrogen is a major nutritional element in rice production. However, excessive application of nitrogen fertilizer has caused severe environmental pollution. Therefore, development of rice varieties with improved nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) is urgent for sustainable agriculture. In this study, bulked segregant analysis (BSA) combined with whole genome re-sequencing (WGS) technology was applied to finely map quantitative trait loci (QTL) for NUE. A key QTL, designated as qNUE6 was identified on chromosome 6 and further validated by Insertion/Deletion (InDel) marker-based substitutional mapping in recombinants from F2 population (NIL-13B4 × GH998)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980021/comparison-of-strength-of-sacrocolpopexy-mesh-attachment-using-barbed-and-nonbarbed-sutures
#9
Marjorie L Pilkinton, Gregory C Levine, Laura Bennett, Harvey A Winkler, Dara F Shalom, Peter S Finamore
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to assess the pull-out strength of barbed and nonbarbed sutures used in sacrocolpopexy mesh fixation. We hypothesized there are no differences in the force needed to dislodge mesh from tissue using barbed and nonbarbed sutures of similar size. METHODS: Using the rectus fascia of three unembalmed cadavers, a 6 × 3 cm strip of polypropylene mesh was anchored to the fascia with sutures. The barbed sutures investigated were 2-0 V-Loc 180 (nine trials) and 3-0 bidirectional Quill™ SRS PDO (five trials)...
October 4, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969767/comprehensive-auditing-in-nuclear-medicine-through-the-international-atomic-energy-agency-quality-management-audits-in-nuclear-medicine-program-part-2-analysis-of-results
#10
REVIEW
Maurizio Dondi, Leonel Torres, Mario Marengo, Teresa Massardo, Eyal Mishani, Annare Van Zyl Ellmann, Kishor Solanki, Angelika Bischof Delaloye, Enrique Estrada Lobato, Rodolfo Nunez Miller, Felix Barajas Ordonez, Diana Paez, Thomas Pascual
The International Atomic Energy Agency has developed a program, named Quality Management Audits in Nuclear Medicine (QUANUM), to help its Member States to check the status of their nuclear medicine practices and their adherence to international reference standards, covering all aspects of nuclear medicine, including quality assurance/quality control of instrumentation, radiopharmacy (further subdivided into levels 1, 2, and 3, according to complexity of work), radiation safety, clinical applications, as well as managerial aspects...
November 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968607/abbreviation-of-the-follow-up-nih-stroke-scale-using-factor-analysis
#11
Syed Ali Raza, Michael R Frankel, Srikant Rangaraju
BACKGROUND: The NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is a 15-item measure of stroke-related neurologic deficits that, when measured at 24 h, is highly predictive of long-term functional outcome. We hypothesized that a simplified 24-h scale that incorporates the most predictive components of the NIHSS can retain prognostic accuracy and have improved interrater reliability. METHODS: In a post hoc analysis of the Interventional Management of Stroke-3 (IMS-3) trial, we performed principal component (PC) analysis to resolve the 24-h NIHSS into PCs...
October 2, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954516/high-resolution-in-situ-measurement-of-nitrate-in-runoff-from-the-greenland-ice-sheet
#12
Alexander D Beaton, Jemma L Wadham, Jon Hawkings, Elizabeth A Bagshaw, Guillaume Lamarche-Gagnon, Matthew C Mowlem, Martyn Tranter
We report the first in situ high-resolution nitrate time series from two proglacial meltwater rivers draining the Greenland Ice Sheet, using a recently developed submersible analyzer based on lab-on-chip (LOC) technology. The low sample volume (320 μL) required by the LOC analyzer meant that low concentration (few micromolar to submicromolar), highly turbid subglacial meltwater could be filtered and colorimetrically analyzed in situ. Nitrate concentrations in rivers draining Leverett Glacier in southwest Greenland and Kiattuut Sermiat in southern Greenland exhibited a clear diurnal signal and a gradual decline at the commencement of the melt season, displaying trends that would not be discernible using traditional daily manual sampling...
October 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954399/biodegradable-materials-and-metallic-implants-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Mythili Prakasam, Janis Locs, Kristine Salma-Ancane, Dagnija Loca, Alain Largeteau, Liga Berzina-Cimdina
Recent progress made in biomaterials and their clinical applications is well known. In the last five decades, great advances have been made in the field of biomaterials, including ceramics, glasses, polymers, composites, glass-ceramics and metal alloys. A variety of bioimplants are currently used in either one of the aforesaid forms. Some of these materials are designed to degrade or to be resorbed inside the body rather than removing the implant after its function is served. Many properties such as mechanical properties, non-toxicity, surface modification, degradation rate, biocompatibility, and corrosion rate and scaffold design are taken into consideration...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948571/isolated-loc-in-head-trauma-associated-with-significant-injury-on-brain-ct-scan
#14
Muhammad Waseem, Patrick Iyahen, Hilary Bryan Anderson, Kevin Kapoor, Ramnath Kapoor, Mark Leber
BACKGROUND: A report of loss of consciousness (LOC) is frequently considered reason enough to obtain a computed tomography (CT) scan in the evaluation of head trauma. We conducted this study to reduce exposure to radiation from CT, while still not overlooking clinically significant injuries. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to determine the correlation between LOC status and brain CT scan results in patients with blunt head trauma and to determine whether there is a subset of patients for whom CT scan need not be performed, without missing clinically significant intracranial injuries...
September 25, 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945463/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-are-associated-with-overeating-with-and-without-loss-of-control-in-youth-with-overweight-obesity
#15
Amy Heard Egbert, Denise E Wilfley, Kamryn T Eddy, Kerri N Boutelle, Nancy Zucker, Carol B Peterson, Angela Celio Doyle, Daniel Le Grange, Andrea B Goldschmidt
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and loss of control (LOC) eating, both prevalent in children and adolescents, may be related to one another. However, the relationship between ADHD and overeating without LOC has been largely unexamined, thus precluding an understanding of the independent contributions of LOC and episode size in these associations. The current study sought to examine associations between ADHD symptoms and maladaptive eating by evaluating three different types of eating episodes characterized by the presence/absence of LOC and the amount of food consumed: objectively large LOC episodes [objective binge eating (OBE)], subjectively large binge episodes [subjective binge eating (SBE)], and objectively large overeating episodes without LOC [objective overeating (OO)]...
September 25, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942548/dna-extraction-on-bio-chip-history-and-preeminence-over-conventional-and-solid-phase-extraction-methods
#16
REVIEW
Adilah Ayoib, Uda Hashim, Subash C B Gopinath, M K Md Arshad
This review covers a developmental progression on early to modern taxonomy at cellular level following the advent of electron microscopy and the advancement in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extraction for expatiation of biological classification at DNA level. Here, we discuss the fundamental values of conventional chemical methods of DNA extraction using liquid/liquid extraction (LLE) followed by development of solid-phase extraction (SPE) methods, as well as recent advances in microfluidics device-based system for DNA extraction on-chip...
September 23, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932681/assessing-neural-tuning-for-object-perception-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-with-multivariate-pattern-analysis-of-fmri-data
#17
Eric A Reavis, Junghee Lee, Jonathan K Wynn, Stephen A Engel, Mark S Cohen, Keith H Nuechterlein, David C Glahn, Lori L Altshuler, Michael F Green
INTRODUCTION: Deficits in visual perception are well-established in schizophrenia and are linked to abnormal activity in the lateral occipital complex (LOC). Related deficits may exist in bipolar disorder. LOC contains neurons tuned to object features. It is unknown whether neural tuning in LOC or other visual areas is abnormal in patients, contributing to abnormal perception during visual tasks. This study used multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) to investigate perceptual tuning for objects in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930492/time-trends-in-concussion-symptom-presentation-and-assessment-methods-in-high-school-athletes
#18
Dustin W Currie, Matthew J Kraeutler, John B Schrock, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Concussion rates have increased significantly over the past decade. This may reflect an increase in the knowledge and diagnosis of the symptoms of a concussion rather than a true increase in the incidence. Assessing trends in the way that concussions are presenting to and being identified by clinicians over the same period may provide additional insight into the apparent rise in concussions. PURPOSE: To evaluate patterns of change in concussion symptom presentation, diagnostic/evaluation methods, and symptom resolution time reported for United States high school athletes from the 2007-2008 through 2014-2015 academic years...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918110/emergent-behaviors-in-rbcs-flows-in-micro-channels-using-digital-particle-image-velocimetry
#19
F Cairone, D Ortiz, P J Cabrales, M Intaglietta, M Bucolo
The key points in the design of microfluidic Lab-On-a-Chips for blood tests are the simplicity of the microfluidic chip geometry, the portability of the monitoring system and the ease on-chip integration of the data analysis procedure. The majority of those, recently designed, have been used for blood separation, however their introduction, also, for pathological conditions diagnosis would be important in different biomedical contexts. To overcome this lack is necessary to establish the relation between the RBCs flow and blood viscosity changes in micro-vessels...
September 13, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916630/false-memories-for-shape-activate-the-lateral-occipital-complex
#20
Jessica M Karanian, Scott D Slotnick
Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging evidence has shown that false memories arise from higher-level conscious processing regions rather than lower-level sensory processing regions. In the present study, we assessed whether the lateral occipital complex (LOC)-a lower-level conscious shape processing region-was associated with false memories for shape. During encoding, participants viewed intact or scrambled colored abstract shapes. During retrieval, colored disks were presented and participants indicated whether the corresponding item was previously "intact" or "scrambled...
October 2017: Learning & Memory
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