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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856516/annals-express-effect-of-the-systemic-inflammatory-response-as-provoked-by-elective-orthopaedic-surgery-on-hba1c
#1
Andrew J Chadburn, Elizabeth Garman, Raad Abbas, Anu Modupe, Clare Ford, Osmond L Thomas, Sanjiv Chugh, Shreeram Deshpande, Rousseau Gama
BACKGROUND: In acutely ill patients with new onset hyperglycaemia, plasma glucose cannot reliably distinguish between stress hyperglycaemia and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus. We, therefore, investigated the diagnostic reliability of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in acute illness by prospectively evaluating the effect of the systemic inflammatory response (SIR), as provoked by elective orthopaedic surgery, on HbA1c. METHODS: HbA1c and serum CRP concentrations were compared before and two days after elective knee or hip surgery in 30 patients without diabetes...
November 17, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847042/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-national-database-2016-annual-report
#2
Jeffrey P Jacobs, David M Shahian, Richard L Prager, Fred H Edwards, Donna McDonald, Jane M Han, Richard S D'Agostino, Marshall L Jacobs, Benjamin D Kozower, Vinay Badhwar, Vinod H Thourani, Henning A Gaissert, Felix G Fernandez, Cameron D Wright, Gaetano Paone, Joseph C Cleveland, J Matthew Brennan, Rachel S Dokholyan, Leo Brothers, Sreekanth Vemulapalli, Robert H Habib, Sean M O'Brien, Eric D Peterson, Frederick L Grover, G Alexander Patterson, Joseph E Bavaria
The art and science of outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety continue to evolve, and cardiothoracic surgery leads many of these advances. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) National Database is one of the principal reasons for this leadership role, as it provides a platform for the generation of knowledge in all of these domains. Understanding these topics is a professional responsibility of all cardiothoracic surgeons. Therefore, beginning in January 2016, The Annals of Thoracic Surgery began publishing a monthly series of scholarly articles on outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651051/citation-rate-predictors-in-the-plastic-surgery-literature
#3
Joseph Lopez, Nicholas Calotta, Ankur Doshi, Ashwin Soni, Jacqueline Milton, James W May, Anthony P Tufaro
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine and characterize the scientific and nonscientific factors that influence the rate of article citation in the field of plastic surgery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: We reviewed all entries in Annals of Plastic Surgery and Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2007; and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2008...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555664/annals-express-elevated-fasting-post-prandial-c-terminal-telopeptide-ctx-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-rygb
#4
Negar Maghsoodi, Jamshid Alaghband-Zadeh, Gemma Cross, Malin Werling, Lars Fandriks, Neil G Docherty, Torsten Olbers, Tracy Dew, Roy Sherwood, Royce P Vincent, Carel W Le Roux
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) increases circulating Bile Acids (BAs) concentrations, known mediators of post-prandial suppression of markers of bone resorption. Long-term data however indicate that RYGB confers an increased risk of bone loss on recipients. METHODS: Thirty six obese individuals, median age 44 (26-64) with median BMI at baseline of 42.5 (40.4 - 46) were studied before and 15 months after RYGB. After an overnight fast, patients received a 400 Kcal mixed meal...
August 23, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405650/how-well-do-they-convert-trending-asaps-presentations-to-publication-from-1995-2010
#5
Sacha Williams, Aneesh Pirlamarla, William Rahal, Katie Weichman, Evan Garfein, Glenn Jelks, Oren Tepper
BACKGROUND: The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) sponsors an annual conference that promotes education, advocacy, and care. There, researchers deliver abstracts as podium and poster presentations. Subsequently, ASAPS encourages submitting these research findings for publication. Yet, many never become published manuscripts. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the conversion rates of oral abstract presentations to publication from 1995 to 2010. Secondary objectives included evaluating trends in presentations, publications, time to publication, and published journal distribution...
July 12, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404467/an-overview-of-asian-rhinoplasty
#6
Dong Li, Yang An, Xin Yang
East Asian rhinoplasty is an expanding topic in the field of rhinoplasty. Although the main principles of various rhinoplasty techniques apply equally to the East Asian nose, East Asian rhinoplasty is unique owing to its different anatomy and ethnicity. In recent years, there have been some noteworthy developments in East Asian rhinoplasty. Traditional techniques using alloplastic implants with endonasal approach are changing due to the advent of new beauty concept, introduction of new techniques, and development of newly improved materials expended polytetrafluoroethylene as an alloplastic material has gained popularity in Asian augmentation rhinoplasty...
February 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389329/long-term-survival-of-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-who-underwent-robotic-procedure-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#7
Hao-Xian Yang
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, many researchers focused on to robot-assisted surgery. However, on long-term outcomes for patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), whether the robotic procedure is superior to video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) and thoracotomy is unclear. Nonetheless, in the article titled "Long-term survival based on the surgical approach to lobectomy for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer: comparison of robotic, video assisted thoracic surgery, and thoracotomy lobectomy" by Yang et al...
2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344302/surgical-education-s-100-most-cited-articles-a-bibliometric-analysis
#8
Alexander H Matthews, Tarig Abdelrahman, Arfon G M T Powell, Wyn G Lewis
BACKGROUND: Bibliometric analysis highlights the key topics and publications, which have shaped surgical education. Here, the 100 most cited articles in the arena of surgical education were analyzed. METHODS: Thomson Reuters Web of Science was interrogated using the keyword search terms "surgery" and ("learning" or "skills" or "competence" or "assessment" or "training" or "procedure-based assessments" or "performance" or "technical skills" or "curriculum" or "education" or "mentoring"] to identify all English language full articles, and the 100 most cited articles were analyzed by topic, journal, author, year, institution, and country of origin...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299995/the-100-most-cited-articles-in-visceral-surgery-a-systematic-review
#9
Martin Müller, Beat Gloor, Daniel Candinas, Thomas Malinka
BACKGROUND: Even though citation analysis has several limitations, it is a commonly used tool to determine the impact of scientific articles in different research fields. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to identify and systematically review the 100 most cited articles in the field of visceral surgery focusing on papers that modified therapeutic concepts and influenced the surgeons' decision making. METHODS: The 100 most cited clinical articles in visceral surgery were identified using Journal Citation Reports and Science Citation Index Expanded of the Web of Science (Thomson Reuters, Philadelphia, Pa...
2016: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280094/comparison-of-titanium-vs-polycel-total-ossicular-replacement-prosthesis
#10
Mohammad Faramarzi, Reza Jahangiri, Sareh Roosta
INTRODUCTION: Even though modern technology progresses so rapidly, annals of otology are replete with so many challenging article, which often compare various types of prosthesis. Since there has not been a prospective randomized clinical trial study which compares the hearing result of total ossicular replacement prosthesis made of Titanium with omega connector and Polycel in the literature, we decided to perform a study encompassing this issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 105 patients, who were in the 2nd stage of their operation and who needed total ossicular replacement prosthesis, were included in this prospective single blind randomized clinical trial study...
March 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257737/reporting-of-randomized-controlled-trials-with-statistically-nonsignificant-primary-outcomes-published-in-high-impact-surgical-journals
#11
Lakshmanan Arunachalam, Iain A Hunter, Shane Killeen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and frequency of distorted presentation or "spin" (ie, specific reporting strategies which highlight that the experimental treatment is beneficial, despite a statistically nonsignificant difference for the primary outcome, or distract the reader from statistically nonsignificant results) in published reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with statistically nonsignificant results for primary outcomes in surgical journals. BACKGROUND: Multiple reports have suggested that interpretation of RCT results in medical journals can be distorted by authors of published reports...
June 1, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220019/the-impact-of-financial-conflicts-of-interest-in-plastic-surgery-are-they-all-created-equal
#12
Joseph Lopez, Ilona Juan, Adela Wu, Georges Samaha, Brian Cho, J D Luck, Ashwin Soni, Jacqueline Milton, James W May, Anthony P Tufaro, Amir H Dorafshar
BACKGROUND: Recently, several studies have demonstrated that articles that disclose conflicts of interests (COI) are associated with publication of positive results. The purpose of this study was to learn more about the different types of COI as they relate to the general topic of COI in plastic surgery. Specifically, we aimed to examine whether different types of COI are more likely than others to be associated with the presentation of positive findings. METHODS: We reviewed all original articles in Annals of Plastic Surgery, Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery, and Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2013...
August 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171652/psychosocial-interventions-for-improving-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-adults-undergoing-strabismus-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Kelly MacKenzie, Joanne Hancox, Hayley McBain, Daniel G Ezra, Gill Adams, Stanton Newman
BACKGROUND: Strabismus, also known as squint, can have a debilitating effect on a person's self-esteem, quality of life and mood, as well as increase their feelings of social anxiety and avoidance behaviour. Strabismus surgery can improve both the alignment of a person's eyes and, in appropriate cases, relieve symptoms such as double vision. However, evidence indicates that not all patients experience a meaningful improvement in their quality of life postsurgery. Pre-surgical psychosocial interventions have been found to improve patient reported outcomes in other long-term conditions...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127770/the-effect-of-time-interval-on-esophagectomy-after-neoadjuvant-treatment
#14
Lieven Depypere
"Esophagectomy timing after neoadjuvant therapy for distal esophageal adenocarcinoma" published in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery (doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2015.09.044) states that 30- and 90-day mortality after esophagectomy for adenocarcinoma in patients with neoadjuvant chemoradiation, is significantly higher in patients with a postradiation interval of 9 weeks or more. The authors suggest that a "wait and see" approach after neoadjuvant therapy for esophageal adenocarcinoma may not be safe.
March 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106410/reporting-standards-for-randomized-trials-published-in-the-annals-of-thoracic-surgery
#15
EDITORIAL
Graham A Colditz, Carolyn R T Stoll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895583/analysis-of-references-on-the-plastic-surgery-in-service-training-exam
#16
Jason Silvestre, Alicia Zhang, Samuel J Lin
BACKGROUND: The Plastic Surgery In-Service Training Exam is a knowledge assessment tool widely used during plastic surgery training in the United States. This study analyzed literature supporting correct answer choices to determine highest yield sources, journal publication lag, and journal impact factors. METHODS: Digital syllabi of 10 consecutive Plastic Surgery In-Service Training Exam administrations (2006 to 2015) were reviewed. The most-referenced articles, journals, and textbooks were determined...
June 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830524/osteopathic-physicians-on-the-editorial-boards-of-major-medical-journals-over-the-past-30-years
#17
John V Ashurst, Michael Galuska
CONTEXT: With the recent merger of the American Osteopathic Association and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, new standards may be established for scholarly activity criteria and designation for each specialty. OBJECTIVE: To determine the percentage of osteopathic physicians on editorial boards in general and specialty medical journals and to compare the participation of osteopathic vs allopathic physicians and other health care researchers in editorial activities...
February 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26678100/the-effect-of-financial-conflicts-of-interest-in-plastic-surgery-literature
#18
Adam Leavitt, Elizabeth Pace, Christian Reintgen, Bruce A Mast
Medical research has a long history of joint venture between commercial entities and nonindustry researchers. Significant concern exists among accrediting bodies for medical education and federal granting agencies that conflicts of interest (COIs) exist that affect the validity of the research. This study evaluates the legitimacy of this concern.All clinical breast and cosmetic articles in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Annals of Plastic Surgery were reviewed for calendar year 2013. If a financial disclosure was present, the article was then reviewed to determine if the subject/findings were in favor of the commercial conflict and, if so, whether the study was valid...
June 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26586850/annals-express-different-values-of-urinary-fractionated-metanephrines-after-unilateral-adrenalectomy-for-pheochromocytoma-according-to-time-intervals-after-surgery
#19
Yoon Young Cho, Young Nam Kim, Jung-Han Kim, Byong Chang Jeong, Soo-Youn Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim
BACKGROUND: After adrenalectomy, urinary fractionated metanephrine levels are expected to be reduced. However, there are few studies suggesting cut-offs for adrenalectomy patients. METHODS: Urinary metanephrine (MN) and normetanephrine (NM) levels in adrenalectomy patients and two controls were compared and hormonal levels were evaluated via time intervals after surgery. RESULTS: The median urinary MN level after unilateral adrenalectomy was lower than that of the non-pheochromocytoma controls, but comparable to healthy controls...
November 19, 2015: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26525868/introduction-to-the-sts-national-database-series-outcomes-analysis-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety
#20
REVIEW
Jeffrey P Jacobs, David M Shahian, Richard L Prager, Fred H Edwards, Donna McDonald, Jane M Han, Richard S D'Agostino, Marshall L Jacobs, Benjamin D Kozower, Vinay Badhwar, Vinod H Thourani, Henning A Gaissert, Felix G Fernandez, Cam Wright, James I Fann, Gaetano Paone, Juan A Sanchez, Joseph C Cleveland, J Matthew Brennan, Rachel S Dokholyan, Sean M O'Brien, Eric D Peterson, Frederick L Grover, G Alexander Patterson
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) National Database is the foundation for most of the Society's quality, research, and patient safety activities. Beginning in January 2016 and repeating each year, The Annals of Thoracic Surgery will publish a monthly Database series of scholarly articles on outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety. Six articles will be directly derived from the STS National Database and will be published every other month: three articles on outcomes and quality (one each from the STS Adult Cardiac Surgery Database, the STS Congenital Heart Surgery Database, and the STS General Thoracic Surgery Database), and three articles on research (one from each of these three specialty databases)...
December 2015: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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