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Idiopathic increased hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315488/sorafenib-as-a-potential-strategy-for-refractory-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#1
Gou Kimura, Masaharu Kataoka, Takumi Inami, Keiichi Fukuda, Hideaki Yoshino, Toru Satoh
Sorafenib is an inhibitor of multi-kinases including tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases. We investigated the efficacy and safety of sorafenib for the treatment of patients with refractory pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Sorafenib was started in 9 patients (7 with idiopathic PAH, 2 with pulmonary veno-occlusive disease) who had severe PAH and right heart failure, in spite of treatment with vasodilators specific for PAH. Sorafenib was started as an add-on therapy at a dose of 50 or 100 mg/day, and increased to 100-400 mg/day...
March 14, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306340/a-potential-functional-association-between-mutant-bmpr2-and-primary-ovarian-insufficiency
#2
Liliana Catherine Patiño, Daniel Silgado, Paul Laissue
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) affects ~1% of women in the general population. Despite numerous attempts at identifying POI genetic aetiology, coding mutations in only a few genes have been functionally related to POI pathogenesis. It has been suggested that mutant BMPR2 might contribute towards the phenotype. Several BMP15 (a BMPR2 ligand) coding mutations in human species have been related to POI pathogenesis. The BMPR2 p.Ser987Phe mutation, previously identified in a woman with POI, might therefore lead to cellular dysfunction contributing to the phenotype...
March 17, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304207/dural-venous-sinus-stenting-for-medically-and-surgically-refractory-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#3
Sudhakar R Satti, Lakshmi Leishangthem, Alejandro Spiotta, M Imran Chaudry
Background Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a syndrome defined by elevated intracranial hypertension without radiographic evidence of a mass lesion in the brain. Dural venous sinus stenosis has been increasingly recognized as a treatable cause, and dural venous sinus stenting (DVSS) is increasingly performed. Methods A 5 year single-center retrospective analysis of consecutive patients undergoing DVSS for medically refractory IIH. Results There were 43 patients with a mean imaging follow-up of 6...
April 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283270/relationship-between-diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis-abdominal-aortic-calcification-and-associated-metabolic-disorders-data-from-the-camargo-cohort
#4
Emilio Pariente-Rodrigo, Giusi Alessia Sgaramella, José Manuel Olmos-Martínez, Stefanie Francesca Pini-Valdivieso, Rosa Landeras-Alvaro, José Luis Hernández-Hernández
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) are related to an increased cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to analyse a possible relationship between both entities and also the association between metabolic disorders and DISH. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Analytic cross-sectional study in a population-based cohort. DISH (with Resnick-Niwayama criteria) and AAC (with AAC-24 scale) were assessed on plain x-ray images...
March 7, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282243/differences-in-right-ventricular-functional-changes-during-treatment-between-systemic-sclerosis-associated-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-and-idiopathic-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#5
Rahul G Argula, Abhijit Karwa, Abigail Lauer, David Gregg, Richard M Silver, Carol Feghali-Bostwick, Lynn M Schnapp, Kim Egbert, Bruce W Usher, Viswanathan Ramakrishnan, Paul M Hassoun, Charlie Strange
RATIONALE: Patients with scleroderma associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-PAH) continue to have an unacceptably high mortality despite the progress achieved with pulmonary arterial vasodilator therapies. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether SSc-PAH is a clinically distinct pulmonary vascular disease phenotype when compared to IPAH, based on the progression of echocardiographic right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of echocardiographic data in 13 SSc-PAH and 11 IPAH patients was used to delineate the progression of RV dysfunction during single or combination pulmonary arterial vasodilator therapy...
March 10, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279499/tadalafil-in-idiopathic-or-heritable-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-pah-compared-to-pah-associated-with-connective-tissue-disease
#6
Nazzareno Galiè, Christopher P Denton, Fabio Dardi, Alessandra Manes, Gaia Mazzanti, Baohui Li, Lucio Varanese, Anne Esler, Cathi Harmon, Massimiliano Palazzini
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this post hoc analysis was to evaluate clinical outcomes of tadalafil in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with connective tissue disease (CTD-PAH) compared with patients with idiopathic/heritable PAH (I/H-PAH) for primary and key secondary efficacy endpoints, and safety. This analysis included adult patients with CTD-PAH or I/H-PAH who participated in the PHIRST and PHIRST-2 studies. METHODS: Patients were randomized 1:1:1:1:1 to tadalafil (2...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264599/bimatoprost-for-the-treatment-of-eyelash-eyebrow-and-scalp-alopecia
#7
Yevher Lorena Barrón-Hernández, Antonella Tosti
Alopecia is a common condition observed among people of all ages. It is a disorder that can involve only the scalp as observed in androgenetic alopecia or scalp and body as in alopecia areata or patients under chemotherapy treatment. There are several treatment options with different safety and efficacy outcomes. Bimatoprost, a synthetic prostamide F2α analog originally approved for the treatment of ocular hypertension and open-angle glaucoma, is now FDA approved as a 0.03%, solution to be applied once daily to increase eyelashes growth...
March 16, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255904/endovascular-treatment-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-retrospective-analysis-of-immediate-and-long-term-results-in-51-patients
#8
M Aguilar-Pérez, R Martinez-Moreno, W Kurre, C Wendl, H Bäzner, O Ganslandt, R Unsöld, H Henkes
PURPOSE: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a disorder of increased intracranial pressure in the absence of any known causative factor. Sinus stenosis is common in these patients. Stenting of stenotic dural sinuses has gained popularity as a treatment option, since these stenoses may contribute to an obstruction of the venous return, and, thereby may contribute to IIH via an increase in venous sinus pressure. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment in IIH with venous sinus stenosis...
March 2, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221139/how-do-stones-form-is-unification-of-theories-on-stone-formation-possible
#9
Victoria Y Bird, Saeed R Khan
There are two basic pathways for formation of calcium based kidney stones. Most idiopathic calcium oxalate (CaOx) stones are formed in association with sub-epithelial plaques of calcium phosphate (CaP), known as Randall's plaques, on renal papillary surfaces. Crystal formation and retention within the terminal collecting ducts, the ducts of Bellini, leading to the formation of Randall's plugs, is the other pathway. Both pathways require supersaturation leading to crystallization, regulated by various crystallization modulators produced in response to changing urinary conditions...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220607/neurological-and-spinal-manifestations-of-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#10
Fraser C Henderson, Claudiu Austin, Edward Benzel, Paolo Bolognese, Richard Ellenbogen, Clair A Francomano, Candace Ireton, Petra Klinge, Myles Koby, Donlin Long, Sunil Patel, Eric L Singman, Nicol C Voermans
The Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a heterogeneous group of heritable connective tissue disorders characterized by joint hypermobility, skin extensibility, and tissue fragility. This communication briefly reports upon the neurological manifestations that arise including the weakness of the ligaments of the craniocervical junction and spine, early disc degeneration, and the weakness of the epineurium and perineurium surrounding peripheral nerves. Entrapment, deformation, and biophysical deformative stresses exerted upon the nervous system may alter gene expression, neuronal function and phenotypic expression...
February 21, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214002/relation-between-ventricular-premature-complexes-and-incident-heart-failure
#11
Vratika Agarwal, Eric Vittinghoff, Isaac R Whitman, Thomas A Dewland, Jonathan W Dukes, Gregory M Marcus
Ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) may represent a reversible cause of heart failure (HF); however, the type of patients most prone remains unknown. This study leverages a large population-based database to examine interactions that might prove clinically useful in risk-stratifying patients with VPCs. We used the California Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project to identify patients with VPCs and incident systolic HF from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2009. We calculated hazard ratios for predictors of incident systolic HF using multivariable Cox proportional hazard models...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213592/the-evidence-of-benefits-of-exercise-training-in-interstitial-lung-disease-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Leona M Dowman, Christine F McDonald, Catherine J Hill, Annemarie L Lee, Kathryn Barker, Claire Boote, Ian Glaspole, Nicole S L Goh, Anne M Southcott, Angela T Burge, Rebecca Gillies, Alicia Martin, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty exists regarding the clinical relevance of exercise training across the range of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). OBJECTIVE: To establish the impact of exercise training in patients with ILDs of differing aetiology and severity. METHODS: 142 participants with ILD (61 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), 22 asbestosis, 23 connective tissue disease-related ILD (CTD-ILD) and 36 with other aetiologies) were randomised to either 8 weeks of supervised exercise training or usual care...
February 17, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195748/imaging-features-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-children
#13
Alexander J P W Hartmann, Bruno P Soares, Beau B Bruce, Amit M Saindane, Nancy J Newman, Valérie Biousse, Jason H Peragallo
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs of elevated intracranial pressure and idiopathic intracranial hypertension have been well characterized in adults but not in children. The MRIs of 50 children with idiopathic intracranial hypertension and 46 adults with idiopathic intracranial hypertension were reviewed for optic nerve head protrusion, optic nerve head enhancement, posterior scleral flattening, increased perioptic cerebrospinal fluid, optic nerve tortuosity, empty or partially empty sella, tonsillar herniation, enlargement of Meckel's cave meningoceles, and transverse venous sinus stenosis(TSS)...
January 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187976/re-evaluating-the-incidence-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-an-era-of-increasing-obesity
#14
Khin P Kilgore, Michael S Lee, Jacqueline A Leavitt, Bahram Mokri, David O Hodge, Ryan D Frank, John J Chen
PURPOSE: To re-evaluate the population-based incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and to determine if it mirrors the rise in obesity. DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based cohort. PARTICIPANTS: All residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, diagnosed with IIH between January 1, 1990, and December 31, 2014. METHODS: All cases of IIH were identified using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, which is a record-linkage system of medical records for all patient-physician encounters among Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents...
February 7, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168751/easily-measurable-noninvasive-and-novel-finding-for-pulmonary-hypertension-hypertrophy-of-the-basal-segment-of-septomarginal-trabeculation-of-right-ventricle
#15
Gultekin Karakus, Ertugrul Zencirci, Aleks Degirmencioglu, Tolga Sinan Güvenc, Hale Unal Aksu, Aydin Yildirim
BACKGROUND: Effect of pulmonary hypertension (PH) on right ventricular (RV) geometry constitutes an ideal target to assess both pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and its physiological importance. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic power of the basal segment of septomarginal trabeculation (SMT) in predicting the PH and RV hypertrophy by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) and Eisenmenger's syndrome (ES). METHODS: Eleven patients with IPAH, seven patients with ES, and 20 healthy controls were enrolled...
February 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166761/hemosiderin-laden-macrophages-are-an-independent-factor-correlated-with-pulmonary-vascular-resistance-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-case-control-study
#16
Jun Fukihara, Hiroyuki Taniguchi, Masahiko Ando, Yasuhiro Kondoh, Tomoki Kimura, Kensuke Kataoka, Taiki Furukawa, Takeshi Johkoh, Junya Fukuoka, Koji Sakamoto, Yoshinori Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Increases in hemosiderin-laden macrophages (HLM) are reported to be observed in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). According to a recent study, significant correlation between hemosiderin deposition in the lung tissue of IPF and pulmonary hypertension evaluated by echocardiography has been suspected. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether HLM in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) is a factor correlated with pulmonary hemodynamic parameters evaluated by right heart catheterization in patients with IPF...
February 6, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125639/nfatc3-and-vip-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Anthony M Szema, Edward Forsyth, Benjamin Ying, Sayyed A Hamidi, John J Chen, Sonya Hwang, Jonathan C Li, Debra Sabatini Dwyer, Juan M Ramiro-Diaz, Wieslawa Giermakowska, Laura V Gonzalez Bosc
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are both debilitating lung diseases which can lead to hypoxemia and pulmonary hypertension (PH). Nuclear Factor of Activated T-cells (NFAT) is a transcription factor implicated in the etiology of vascular remodeling in hypoxic PH. We have previously shown that mice lacking the ability to generate Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP) develop spontaneous PH, pulmonary arterial remodeling and lung inflammation. Inhibition of NFAT attenuated PH in these mice suggesting a connection between NFAT and VIP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100360/-end-tidal-pco-2-for-evaluation-of-severity-of-disease-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-and-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension
#18
X Shi, G L Yang, Y Chen, J Guo, W L Yang, P Yuan, S G Gong, R Jiang, Q H Zhao, L Wang, J He, T X Chen, J M Liu
Objective: To explore the difference in end tidal PCO(2) (P(ET)CO(2)) between idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), and to analyze the correlation between P(ET)CO(2) and the indexes of disease severity in IPAH and CTEPH patients. Methods: Data were retrieved from 68 IPAH patients and 52 CTEPH patients who all had received right-heart catheterization, pulmonary function test and cardiopulmonary exercise testing at Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from October 2011 to October 2014...
January 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090297/exhaled-nitric-oxide-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-associated-with-systemic-sclerosis
#19
Zeling Cao, Stephen C Mathai, Laura K Hummers, Ami A Shah, Fredrick M Wigley, Noah Lechtzin, Paul M Hassoun, Reda E Girgis
The fractional exhaled concentration of nitric oxide (FENO) has been shown to be reduced in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) but has not been adequately studied in PAH associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc). We measured FENO at an expiratory flow rate of 50 mL/s in 21 treatment-naive patients with SSc-associated PAH (SSc-PAH), 94 subjects with SSc without pulmonary involvement, and 84 healthy volunteers. Measurements of FENO at additional flow rates of 100, 150, and 250 mL/s were obtained to derive the flow-independent nitric oxide exchange parameters of maximal airway flux (J'awNO) and steady-state alveolar concentration (CANO)...
December 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088808/shunt-surgery-in-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-aided-by-electromagnetic-navigation
#20
Elvis J Hermann, Manolis Polemikos, Hans E Heissler, Joachim K Krauss
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is characterized by increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure and normal or slit ventricles. Lumboperitoneal shunting had been favored by many investigators for CSF diversion in IIH for decades; however, it has been associated with various side effects. Because of the small ventricular size adequate positioning of a ventricular catheter is challenging. OBJECTIVES: Here, we investigated the usefulness of electromagnetic (EM)-guided ventricular catheter placement for ventriculoperitoneal shunting in IIH...
2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
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