keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Papilledema

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323190/orbital-hydatid-cyst-causing-papilledema-and-proptosis-in-an-adult
#1
Mousa Taghipour, Nima Derakhshan, Arash Saffarian, Amirreza Dehghanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306635/ocular-fundus-photography-with-a-smartphone-device-in-acute-hypertension
#2
M Lorenza Muiesan, Massimo Salvetti, Anna Paini, Michela Riviera, Clara Pintossi, Fabio Bertacchini, Efrem Colonetti, Claudia Agabiti-Rosei, Maurizio Poli, Francesco Semeraro, Enrico Agabiti-Rosei, Andrea Russo
BACKGROUND: The ocular fundus examination is infrequently and poorly performed in the emergency department (ED) clinical settings, placing patients at risk for missed diagnosis of hypertensive emergencies. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of the ocular fundus photography with a smartphone small optical device in an ED setting and to compare it with a traditional ocular fundus examination. METHODS: The study included 52 consecutive patients (mean age 69 ± 16 years, 50% women) presenting to a hospital ED with an acute increase in blood pressure (SBP > 180 and/or DBP > 100 mmHg)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300719/idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-monozygotic-female-twins-intracranial-pressure-dynamics-and-treatment-outcome
#3
Manolis Polemikos, Hans E Heissler, Elvis J Hermann, Joachim K Krauss
BACKGROUND: Familial cases of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) are exceedingly rare and its occurrence has not been reported before in monozygotic twins. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the cases of monozygotic female twins who developed IIH at age 25 and at age 28, respectively. Continuous intracranial pressure monitoring confirmed elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) as measured initially by lumbar puncture. In both cases, successful treatment with resolution of papilledema and symptoms relief was achieved after ventriculoperitoneal shunting...
March 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299525/poems-syndrome-an-enigma
#4
REVIEW
Rahma Warsame, Uday Yanamandra, Prashant Kapoor
POEMS syndrome is a paraneoplastic disorder secondary to an underlying plasma cell dyscrasia. By definition, all patients with POEMS syndrome must display polyneuropathy and monoclonal plasma cell disorder. In addition, at least one major criterion (Castleman's disease, sclerotic bone lesions, or vascular endothelial growth factor elevation) and one minor criterion (organomegaly, extravascular volume overload, endocrinopathy, skin changes, papilledema, thrombocytosis, or polycythemia) are required for diagnosis...
March 15, 2017: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283997/decision-support-system-for-detection-of-papilledema-through-fundus-retinal-images
#5
Shahzad Akbar, Muhammad Usman Akram, Muhammad Sharif, Anam Tariq, Ubaid Ullah Yasin
A condition in which the optic nerve inside the eye is swelled due to increased intracranial pressure is known as papilledema. The abnormalities due to papilledema such as opacification of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL), dilated optic disc capillaries, blurred disc margins, absence of venous pulsations, elevation of optic disc, obscuration of optic disc vessels, dilation of optic disc veins, optic disc splinter hemorrhages, cotton wool spots and hard exudates may result in complete vision loss. The ophthalmologists detect papilledema by means of an ophthalmoscope, Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and ultrasound...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270999/fully-automated-diagnosis-of-papilledema-through-robust-extraction-of-vascular-patterns-and-ocular-pathology-from-fundus-photographs
#6
Khush Naseeb Fatima, Taimur Hassan, M Usman Akram, Mahmood Akhtar, Wasi Haider Butt
Rapid development in the field of ophthalmology has increased the demand of computer aided diagnosis of various eye diseases. Papilledema is an eye disease in which the optic disc of the eye is swelled due to an increase in intracranial pressure. This increased pressure can cause severe encephalic complications like abscess, tumors, meningitis or encephalitis, which may lead to a patient's death. Although there have been several papilledema case studies reported from a medical point of view, only a few researchers have presented automated algorithms for this problem...
February 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262401/natural-history-of-headache-in-patients-with-lymphocytic-meningitis-following-lumbar-puncture
#7
Alexander Khlebtovsky, Shlomit Yust-Katz, Arieh Kuritzky, Israel Steiner
BACKGROUND: Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) obtained by lumbar puncture (LP) is essential for diagnosis of meningitis. What is the impact of the procedure upon the natural history of headache and associated signs in patients with lymphocytic meningitis and what factors can have prognostic value for the future progression of symptomatology? This study was aimed at looking into these questions. METHODS: One hundred and one patients with clinical and laboratory diagnosis of aseptic meningitis answered a questionnaire intended at assessing the severity and nature of headache and meningeal irritation signs before and one, and twenty four hours after the LP...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257538/multidisciplinary-approach-to-complicated-pregnancy
#8
Josip Andelo Borovac, Josko Bozic, Tina Ticinovic Kurir, Nikola Zaja, Kresimir Kolic, Vedran Hrboka
A nulliparous pregnant woman in her mid-20s and in the 32nd week of gestation presented to the emergency department with severe headache and vomiting. She had an uneventful medical history; however, the physical examination upon hospital admission revealed a hypertensive emergency, papilledema, and 2+ dipstick proteinuria. Upon establishing the diagnosis of preeclampsia, aggressive therapy with corticosteroids, antihypertensive medication, and seizure prophylaxis was initiated. Hemodynamic stability was achieved within 24 hours and the patient remained in the observation unit located within the gynecology clinic...
March 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255904/endovascular-treatment-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-retrospective-analysis-of-immediate-and-long-term-results-in-51-patients
#9
M Aguilar-Pérez, R Martinez-Moreno, W Kurre, C Wendl, H Bäzner, O Ganslandt, R Unsöld, H Henkes
PURPOSE: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a disorder of increased intracranial pressure in the absence of any known causative factor. Sinus stenosis is common in these patients. Stenting of stenotic dural sinuses has gained popularity as a treatment option, since these stenoses may contribute to an obstruction of the venous return, and, thereby may contribute to IIH via an increase in venous sinus pressure. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment in IIH with venous sinus stenosis...
March 2, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237144/retrospective-analysis-of-translaminar-demographic-and-physiologic-parameters-in-relation-to-papilledema-severity
#10
David Fleischman, Jennifer T Perry, R Rand Allingham, Sandra S Stinnett, Gita M Fleischman, Syndee J Givre, David A Chesnutt
OBJECTIVE: Some case reports suggest that the translaminar pressure difference is important in cases of papilledema. The purpose of this study was to determine ocular, physiologic, and demographic factors associated with papilledema severity. DESIGN: Retrospective, blinded study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who had undergone a diagnostic lumbar puncture and had a diagnosis of papilledema in conjunction with idiopathic intracranial hypertension between 2004 and 2012 were included in the study...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220397/neuron-specific-enolase-levels-as-a-marker-for-possible-neuronal-damage-in-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#11
Yavuz Samancı, Bedia Samancı, Erdi Şahin, Güneş Altıokka-Uzun, Cem İsmail Küçükali, Erdem Tüzün, Betül Baykan
Although formerly considered as a "benign" disease, the presence of some important problems such as vision loss, resistance to appropriate medical treatment and relapses suggests that neuronal damage might play a role in the pathophysiology of IIH. In order to demonstrate possible neuronal damage/dysfunction participating in IIH pathophysiology, we aimed to investigate the relationship between serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels and clinical features in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)...
February 20, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219414/severe-skull-base-osteomyelitis-caused-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-with-successful-outcome-after-prolonged-outpatient-therapy-with-continuous-infusion-of-ceftazidime-and-oral-ciprofloxacin-a-case-report
#12
Cristina Conde-Díaz, Jara Llenas-García, Mónica Parra Grande, Gertrudis Terol Esclapez, Mar Masiá, Félix Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Skull base osteomyelitis is an uncommon disease that usually complicates a malignant external otitis with temporal bone involvement. It affects predominantly diabetic and immunocompromised males and has a high mortality rate. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common causative organism. Currently, there is no consensus about the best therapeutic option. Here we describe a case of severe skull base osteomyelitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa with progressive palsy of cranial nerves that was successfully managed with prolonged outpatient continuous infusion of ceftazidime plus oral ciprofloxacin...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215459/leptomeningeal-metastases-presenting-exclusively-with-ocular-disturbance-in-34-patients-a-tertiary-care-cancer-hospital-experience
#13
Rory Richard Mayer, Benjamin Jay Frankfort, Ben A Strickland, James Matthew Debnam, Ian E McCutcheon, Morris D Groves, Jeffrey S Weinberg
Leptomeningeal disease (LMD) represents disseminated intracranial metastatic disease that requires early detection and initiation of therapy. Patients with LMD typically present with a variety of neurologic problems, including ocular disturbances. However, little is reported on LMD presenting exclusively with ocular-related disturbances in the absence of any other central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction. Our goal was to describe the workup for ocular disturbances in the setting of known cancer diagnosis. Retrospective case study utilizing prospectively collected database at a tertiary cancer care center for all patients with diagnosis of LMD between 2001 and 2009...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163524/afebrile-seizures-as-initial-symptom-of-hypocalcemia-secondary-to-hypoparathyroidism
#14
Anastasia Gkampeta, Eftyxia Kouma, Anastasia Touliopoulou, Efstathios Aggelopoulos, Eleni Vourti
Hypocalcemia is rare in childhood and caused, among other conditions, by hypoparathyroidism. DiGeorge syndrome is the most common cause of hypoparathyroidism in childhood. Presentation of a rare cause of hypocalcemia in childhood and the necessity of measuring serum electrolyte levels in patients presenting with afebrile seizures. a 7.5-year-old female child presented with afebrile seizures lasting 5 min with postictal drowsiness. A similar episode 1 month ago is described. On admission, a positive Trousseau sign, papilledema, and long QTc on electrocardiography were detected...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163517/occipital-falcine-anaplastic-hemangiopericytoma-mimicking-meningioma
#15
Davendran Kanesen, Regunath Kandasamy, Zamzuri Idris
The rarity of hemangiopericytoma (HPC) and its controversial histological classification result in its frequent misdiagnosis and thus make the treatment quite challenging. It is often difficult to distinguish these tumors from meningiomas based on clinical features and radiological findings. This is a case report of a man, diagnosed clinically and radiologically as meningioma, which turned out to be anaplastic HPC on histological examination. A 30-year-old man presented with 3 months of progressively worsening of headache and blurring of vision...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162217/-clinical-experience-of-302-cases-with-brain-abscess
#16
X P Cui, X W Cai, Z Zhang, N N Gao, P R Liu, J Li, S Y Yang, J N Zhang, X Y Yang
Objective: To compare the diagnosis and treatment experience of brain abscesses and improve prognosis. Methods: The data of 302 patients of brain abscess at Department of Neurosurgery in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from 1980 to 2014 was analyzed retrospectively. There were 215 male and 87 female patients aged from 11 to 82 years with mean age of (30±8) years. The patients was divided into 1980-2001 group and 2002-2014 group according to different diagnosis and the treatment methods. The therapy methods include operation and conservative treatment...
February 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144922/current-concepts-and-strategies-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-adults
#17
REVIEW
Jane W Chan
Since obesity has become an epidemic in industrialized nations, idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is now a more common neuro-ophthalmic disorder that causes visual loss and headaches. This review highlights the new diagnostic criteria for IIH and the new insights into the pathophysiologic mechanisms of IIH. Key diagnostic and monitoring techniques for papilledema include not only neuroimaging and the measurement of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure, but also perimetry, optical coherence tomography, and ocular sonography...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126073/-twin-peaks-papilledema
#18
David L Nash, Michael C Brodsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111734/-a-handl-case-with-papilledema-mimicking-transient-ischemic-attack
#19
İpek Güngör, Arman Çakar, Elif Kocasoy Orhan, Betül Baykan
The syndrome of transient headache and neurologic deficits with cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis (HaNDL), is a rare, benign, self-limiting syndrome that is not well known. Cerebrospinal fluid examination (CSF) on clinical suspicion has diagnostic value for this syndrome, which has a rich neurological symptomatology that can mimic many diseases causing mortality and morbidity. Although the ethiopathogenesis of this syndrome is not fully known, autoimmunity is thought to be in the foreground. Described in this article is a HaNDL case that on first clinic presentation appeared to be a transient ischemic attack (TIA) with temporary but recurring neurological findings and normal CSF pressure accompanied by papilledema...
October 2016: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108140/steroid-treatment-in-ocular-tuberculosis-a-double-edged-sword
#20
S Souissi, T David, L Beral
INTRODUCTION: We report the case of a Caribbean patient with an atypical presentation of bilateral tuberculous chorioretinopathy. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 57-year-old woman, with hypertension and non-insulin dependent diabetes, was referred to our center for a sudden loss of vision in the right eye to hand motions. Ophthalmic examination revealed only right papilledema. Brain magnetic resonance imaging was normal. Laboratory examination revealed no signs of inflammation...
February 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
keyword
keyword
46393
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"