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Nasolacrimal duct obstruction

Lindsay A McGrath, Kahmi Satchi, Alan A McNab
PURPOSE: Acute noninfectious dacryocystic retention is an under-recognized condition heralded by painful lacrimal sac swelling, obstruction, and epiphora. This longitudinal chart review aimed to estimate the incidence of this condition in an urban Australian population, while further defining the signs and symptoms of the disease and options for management. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 1,593 consecutive patients presenting with acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction and epiphora between 1990 and 2015...
August 8, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Ji Sun Baek, Kun Hae Kim, Jung Hye Lee, Hye Sun Choi
PURPOSE: To assess the ophthalmologic complications after oculofacial plastic and esthetic surgeries, including their incidence and management. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 110 patients who presented with ocular complications followed by oculofacial plastic and esthetic surgeries from January 2014 to December 2015. The incidence and management of complications after each surgery or procedure were analyzed. RESULTS: For lower eyelid blepharoplasty, the common complications were chemosis and lower eyelid ectropion...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Sorath Noorani Siddiqui, Abdul Hannan, Hassan Mansoor, Muhammad Asif, Umair Wakeel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the state of refraction in children with bilateral congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from April 2014 to April 2016. METHODOLOGY: Children with bilateral CNLDO were studied. Patients' refractive status were evaluated by performing cycloplegic refraction, followed by appropriate management plan...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Declan C Murphy, Mohamed Alfiky, Peter Prinsley
Oncocytomas are rare glandular tumours, typically found in salivary glands and kidneys. A 76-year-old man presented to an ophthalmology department after 3 months of persistent right-sided epiphora. Lacrimal syringing and a fluorescein dye test demonstrated an obstruction at the level of the nasolacrimal duct (NLD). Owing to the patient's history of dacryocystitis, endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy was organised. When in theatre however, nasendoscopy identified a polypoid mass at the lateral aspect of the inferior turbinate, obstructing the right NLD opening...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
E D Feijo, R M Limongi, S Matayoshi
BACKGROUND: Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is the gold standard surgical treatment for nasolacrimal duct obstruction. External DCR is the traditional approach (EXT-DCR); however, the advent of minimally invasive surgeries and the development of optic fiber and laser technologies have made it possible to perform laser transcanalicular DCR (T-DCR), a minimally invasive procedure. This study measured the fluorescein transit time (FTT) after EXT-DCR or T-DCR to evaluate the lacrimal drainage and lacrimal pump function after these two types of DCR...
March 6, 2018: Rhinology
Seong Jun Park, Ju Hee Noh, Ki Bum Park, Sun Young Jang, Jong Won Lee
BACKGROUND: We developed a novel surgical technique to treat punctal stenosis involving the placement of three interrupted sutures after rectangular three-snip punctoplasty (TSP). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of forty-eight eyes of 44 patients who underwent rectangular TSP with three interrupted sutures was performed. We investigated whether anatomical recurrences (re-stenosis) occurred during the follow-up period. The subjective symptoms of patients were surveyed...
March 5, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Elena Avram
Introduction: Congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction is one of the most common causes of epiphora in newborns and the main cause of this condition is the persistence of Hasner membrane. Several treatment options are available, like conservative treatment, probing, irrigation, or more complex techniques. Objective: The objective of this paper is to discuss the efficiency of different treatment options addressing congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction based on trials reported in literature. Methods: Clinical trials were identified on PubMed...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
E M Ozcan, G Dergin, S Basa
Acquired injuries of the nasolacrimal apparatus may be the result of craniomaxillofacial surgical procedures, facial trauma, or inflammation. Injury to the nasolacrimal duct system following maxillary orthognathic surgery is rarely reported. This study evaluated the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of epiphora developing after Le Fort I surgery. The records of 83 patients who underwent maxillary orthognathic surgery over a 2-year period were reviewed. The prevalence of postoperative epiphora was 3...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Nishi Gupta, Neeraj Chawla, Suma Ganesh, Sima Das, Nidhi Dhawan, Smriti Bansal, Poonam Singla
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of buried probe variant of complex congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) and to evaluate the outcome of probing and irrigation in such cases. Institutional review board approval was taken. MATERIAL & METHODS: A total of 309 eyes (258 patients) were diagnosed with CNLDO during the study period of January 2014-March 2017. A retrospective file review of 25 lacrimal systems of 20 patients diagnosed as buried probe variant of complex CNLDO was carried out during the study period...
February 5, 2018: Orbit
Araz Server Ela, Kalaycik Ertugay Cigdem, Yesim Karagoz, Ozgur Yigit, Ecem Sevim Longur
OBJECTIVE: Morphology and dimensions of the bony nasolacrimal canal duct (BNLD) as a key factor in the development of primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. We aimed to obtain detailed morphometric analysis of BNLD in children without nasolacrimal duct pathology by using computed tomography and provide standard measurements by means of age which could be utilized in planning management or in invasive interventions. METHODS: Picture Archiving Communication Systems database of our hospital's radiology department was searched for this retrospective study...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Minna Honkila, Marjo Renko, Irma Ikäheimo, Tytti Pokka, Matti Uhari, Terhi Tapiainen
AIM: Our aim was to study prospectively the aetiology of neonatal conjunctivitis in a population-based setting. METHODS: Altogether 173 neonates with clinical conjunctivitis aged on average 20 (SD 10) days were recruited from child welfare clinics in Oulu, Finland, in 2010-2015. Conjunctival specimens were collected from 167 neonates for multiplex polymerase chain reaction to detect 16 respiratory viruses, from 163 for polymerase chain reaction to detect Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae and from 160 for bacterial culture studies...
January 18, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Wai Keat Wong, Simon Dean, Salil Nair
BACKGROUND: Epiphora has a significant impact on the patient's quality of life and is commonly caused by nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) has traditionally been performed via an external approach, which involves a skin incision. With the advent of endoscopes, the endonasal approach to DCR has gained significant popularity. METHOD: To prospectively compare the quality of life of adult patients who underwent either an endonasal or an external DCR for acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction, the Lacrimal Symptom Questionnaire (Lac-Q) was administered before and after surgery...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Mitchell R Dobberpuhl, Peter J Timoney, Brett T Comer
BACKGROUND: Crawford tube placement is commonly used to achieve patency of nasolacrimal ducts for epiphora secondary to nasolacrimal duct obstruction. The nasal passages of pediatric patients are narrower than adults, and the result is a relatively higher risk of intranasal complications (e.g., synechiae, bleeding) with Crawford tube placement. There is evidence that general anesthesia may negatively affect the neurocognitive function and behavioral development of children, which prompts efforts to decrease operation times for potential health benefits and also potentially to reduce health care costs...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Sofía Bravo-Beltranena, Martín A Zimmermann-Paiz
INTRODUCTION: The congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction is a common pathology, with low morbidity, but not exempt of complications without the correct diagnosis and management. METHODS: Retrospective study from 2005 to 2015 in patients who were submitted to a probing procedure. We identified age at procedure, gender, laterality and presence or absence of success with the procedure. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-seven eyes were analyzed. The median age was 17 months and the total success rate was 85...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Pradeep Pradhan, Abhishek Bhardwaj, Santanu Mandal, Sudhir Majhi
To demonstrate the surgical technique and outcomes of double posterior based flap technique in primary endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) with and without use of powered instrument. 28 patients of nasolacrimal duct obstruction were included in the study from September 2012 to February 2015. All underwent endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy with double posterior based nasal and lacrimal flap technique. In patients of group A (14 patients), bone removal was done with the help of Smith-Kerrison punch forceps and in patients of group B (14 patients), powered drill has been used for the same...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Omar M Alabbasi, Maan Al-Barry, Raghad F Albasri, Haitham F Khashim, Mohammad M Aloufi, Mohammed F Abdulaal, Dareen W Alsaidalany, Adel S Alahmadi, Hanan Habeeb, Waseem A Aalam
Background: Data are required on ophthalmic cases that present to the emergency eye clinics in Madinah, Saudi Arabia for proper allocation of healthcare resources. Objectives: To determine the frequency and various diagnoses of patients presenting to the A&E at Ohud Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: Data was collected prospectively for all patients who presented to the A&E ophthalmology clinic from June 2014 to September 2014...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
Ayman S Abd El Ghafar, Amr M El-Kannishy, Mohamed M Elwan, Dalia Sabry, Hanem M Kishk, Eman M Elhefney
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of perforated punctal plugs with adjuvant application of mitomycin-C in the management of acquired external punctal stenosis grades 0 and 1. METHODS: This is a prospective interventional case series including 30 eyes of 30 patients with acquired external punctal stenosis of the lower punctum of grades 0 and 1 presenting with epiphora. They were examined to exclude other causes of lacrimation and epiphora: Slit-lamp assessment of the stenosed punctum and grading was done, probing was done to exclude associated canalicular stenosis, and syringing was done to exclude nasolacrimal duct obstruction...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Swati Singh, Mohammad Javed Ali, Ashik Mohamed
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the outcomes of invasive (rectangular 3-snip punctoplasty) versus minimally invasive (punctal dilatation with monocanalicular intubation) treatment modalities for the management of acquired punctal stenosis. METHODS: A retrospective, comparative, interventional case series was performed on 60 eyes of 36 patients with acquired punctal stenosis. Patients were categorized in 2 groups based on the intervention as 3-snip punctoplasty (group A) and punctal dilatation with monocanalicular intubation (group B)...
November 15, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Shweta Gupta, Mohammad Javed Ali, Milind N Naik
Purpose: The objective of this study was to ascertain the lacrimal drainage anomalies in a cohort of patients suffering from congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Methods: This was a retrospective case series performed in patients with CRS presenting with associated lacrimal drainage anomalies (LDA) over 6 years from 2011 to 2016. All the patients were confirmed as having CRS after clinical and laboratory testing. Data collected include demographics; associated lacrimal, ocular, and systemic anomalies; interventions performed for lacrimal anomalies; and their anatomical and functional outcomes...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
E L At'kova, G V Ramenskaya, A O Root, N N Krakhovetskiy, V D Yartsev, S D Yartsev, A E Petukhov, I E Shokhin
Mitomycin-C (MMC) is the most frequently used agent for prevention of excessive scarring at the osteotomy site after endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (EEDCR), which, however, being applied during the final stage of the surgery, shows questionable effectiveness. AIM: to evaluate the effectiveness of a new administration route of mitomycin C in EEDCR. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 86 patients (95 cases) in the age range of 62.3±9 years with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
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