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Third nerve palsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770635/clinical-course-and-prognostic-factors-of-acquired-third-fourth-and-sixth-cranial-nerve-palsy-in-korean-patients
#1
Kiyoung Kim, Sung Rae Noh, Min Seok Kang, Kyung Hyun Jin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical course and prognostic factors of acquired third, fourth, and sixth cranial nerve (CN) palsy grouped according to etiology. METHODS: This study involved a retrospective review of the medical records of 153 patients who were diagnosed with acquired paralytic strabismus from January 2004 to July 2015. Outcomes, recovery rates, and time to recovery were investigated according to the affected CN: CN3, CN4, and CN6 palsies...
March 20, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754131/cavernous-sinus-meningioma-presenting-as-third-nerve-palsy-in-pregnancy
#2
Priya Nidamanuri, Dmitri Shastin, Ravindra Nannapaneni
A 33-year-old female patient presented with diplopia and left eye ptosis 26 weeks into her first pregnancy. No investigation was conducted at the time and her symptoms subsided 4 weeks post partum. This same phenomenon occurred during second pregnancy at 20 weeks of gestation, with patient becoming symptom-free again 6 weeks after giving birth. MRI revealed a lesion in the left cavernous sinus in keeping with a meningioma. Due to the surgically challenging location, the lesion was treated with gamma knife radiosurgery...
May 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738350/congenital-third-nerve-palsy-associated-with-midbrain-hypoplasia-due-to-bilateral-segmental-internal-carotid-artery-agenesis
#3
Rebika Dhiman, Bhavya Gorimanipalli, Deepa R Swamy, Sanjay Sharma, Ajay Garg, Rohit Saxena
A 15-year-old girl, diagnosed with a partial right third nerve palsy, was found to have bilateral internal carotid artery agenesis. Neuroimaging with 3D-constructive interference in steady state scanning identified the possible etiology of the third nerve palsy as midbrain hypoplasia.
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699980/neuro-ophthalmological-manifestations-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#4
Ammr Alghamdi, Bahram Bodaghi, Chloé Comarmond, Anne Claire Desbois, Fanny Domont, Bertrand Wechsler, Raphael Depaz, Phuc Le Hoang, Patrice Cacoub, Valérie Touitou, David Saadoun
BACKGROUND: The neuro-ophthalmological manifestations of Behcet's disease (BD) are rare, and data regarding their characteristics and outcome are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To report prevalence, main characteristics and outcome of neuro-ophthalmological manifestations in BD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective monocentric study of 217 patients diagnosed with neuro-Behçet's disease (NBD), of whom 29 (13.3%) patients presented with neuro-ophthalmological manifestations (55% of men and mean±SD age of 26±8 years)...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642922/an-anterolateral-thigh-chimeric-flap-for-dynamic-facial-and-esthetic-reconstruction-after-oncological-surgery-in-the-maxillofacial-region-a-case-report
#5
Zoltán Lóderer, Tamás Vereb, Róbert Paczona, Ágnes Janovszky, József Piffkó
BACKGROUND: The surgical management of malignant tumors in the head and neck region often leads to functional and esthetic defects that impair the quality of life of the patients. Reconstruction can be solved with prostheses in these cases, but various types of microsurgical free flaps can provide a better clinical outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case report, the tumor and parts of the involved facial muscles and nerve were excised surgically from a 42-year-old patient after a third relapse of basal cell carcinoma in the left midface...
April 11, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629227/obstructive-hydrocephalus-and-facial-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-vertebrobasilar-dolichoectasia-case-report
#6
Kazim Mohammed, Javeed Iqbal, Hussein Kamel, John Mathew, Ghanem Al-Sulaiti
Background: Symptomatic hydrocephalus due to vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia is a rare occurrence. Case Description: We report a patient who presented with acute confusion and vomiting. Neuroimaging revealed elongated and tortuous basilar artery indenting and elevating the floor of third ventricle causing obstructive hydrocephalus. Initially, the patient was treated with external ventricular drain and then with ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. Conclusion: We suggest prompt surgical intervention upon diagnosis as a first choice of treatment in order to avoid further complications...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625866/mixed-facial-reanimation-technique-to-treat-paralysis-in-medium-term-cases
#7
Federico Biglioli, Federico Bolognesi, Fabiana Allevi, Dimitri Rabbiosi, Silvia Cupello, Antonino Previtera, Alessandro Lozza, Valeria M A Battista, Claudio Marchetti
Recent facial paralyses, in which fibrillations of the mimetic muscles are still detectable by electromyography (EMG), allow facial reanimation based on giving new neural stimuli to musculature. However, if more time has elapsed, mimetic muscles can undergo irreversible atrophy, and providing a new neural stimulus is simply not effective. In these cases function is provided by transferring free flaps into the face or transposing masticatory muscles to reinstitute major movements, such as eyelid closure and smiling...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600395/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-thalamic-ventral-intermediate-nucleus-for-benedikt-s-syndrome-mainly-present-as-tremor-a-long-term-case-observation
#8
Guoxiong Cheng, Yuan Yang, Yuelong Wang, Hongyu Tan, Shizhen Zhang
Benedikt's syndrome (BS) is caused by the lesion in the midbrain and specifically manifests a series of symptoms, including ipsilateral third nerve palsy, contralateral tremor, hemiataxia, and hyperactive tendon reflexes. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) for BS emerges as a new approach and achieves successfully results. We report a successful case report of thalamic ventral intermediate (VIM) nucleus DBS for a patient with BS. During follow-up of 3 years, DBS successfully control the tremor and greatly improve his living and working quality...
March 30, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582836/unique-case-of-midbrain-tuberculoma-presenting-as-isolated-inferior-rectus-palsy-with-nystagmus
#9
Akkayasamy Kowsalya, Umang Gajarlewar, Namrata G Adulkar, S Mahesh Kumar
Isolated brain stem tuberculoma constitutes about 5% of all intracranial tuberculomas. A case of isolated inferior rectus palsy with downbeat nystagmus due to presumed midbrain tuberculoma in an immunocompetent patient is described here. This report documents a rare entity of a combination of partial third nerve palsy with pupil involvement along with downbeat nystagmus.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567790/full-tendon-medial-transposition-of-lateral-rectus-with-augmentation-sutures-in-cases-of-complete-third-nerve-palsy
#10
Rohit Saxena, Medha Sharma, Digvijay Singh, Pradeep Sharma
Management options in third nerve palsy are limited as four of the six extraocular muscles are involved. Surgery has to be tailored on a case-to-case basis. Aim of this retrospective case series is to report 1-year outcomes of a modified surgical technique entailing full tendon transposition of lateral rectus to medial rectus augmented with posterior fixation sutures in four patients with complete third nerve palsy. All four cases showed significant improvement of vertical and horizontal deviation with long-term stability of correction...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552263/rathke-s-cleft-cyst-associated-with-pituitary-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-an-unusual-combination-of-hypothalamus-pituitary-region-pathologies
#11
Riccardo Draghi, Giovanna Mantovani, Letterio Runza, Giorgio Carrabba, Nicola Fusco, Paolo Rampini, Antonella Costa, Marco Locatelli
The authors present an unusual case of a patient suffering from visual deficit due to pituitary granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) associated with Rathke's cleft cyst (RCC). The patient was referred to our Neurosurgery Department presenting right eye amaurosis, third cranial nerve palsy, and left temporal hemianopsia. Magnetic resonance imaging documented a sellar or suprasellar lesion with solid and cystic components. The dura mater of the skull base was also strongly enhanced. The patient underwent surgery...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547011/risk-of-anterior-segment-ischemia-following-simultaneous-three-rectus-muscle-surgery-results-from-a-single-tertiary-care-centre
#12
Shailja Tibrewal, Ramesh Kekunnaya
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine the risk of anterior segment ischemia (ASI) after simultaneous three rectus muscle surgery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. All patients who underwent simultaneous three rectus muscle surgery from January 2003 to December 2014 were included. Medical records were reviewed for signs of acute ASI in the postoperative period or presence of any late sequelae. Those patients who had pre-existing corneal pathology obscuring visualisation of anterior chamber and iris were excluded...
March 16, 2018: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543543/transcaruncular-rectus-tendon-fixation-to-the-orbit-and-frontalis-flap-for-complete-third-nerve-palsy
#13
Ramón Medel Jiménez, Juan C Sánchez España, José Visa Nassarre, Eva Ayala Barroso, Alfredo Pueyo Ferrer, Alejandra Tapia Bahamondes, Luz M Vasquez
PURPOSE: To describe our experience and outcomes managing complete third cranial nerve palsy. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the clinical records of 7 consecutive patients treated at our centre for unilateral third nerve palsy over the period 2010-2016. We describe our surgical approach using a frontalis muscle flap to correct the eyelid ptosis associated with medial fixation of the rectus muscle tendon to the orbit to correct the horizontal deviation...
March 15, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527397/wolf-in-sheep-s-clothing-intracranial-actinomycosis-masquerading-as-en-plaque-meningioma
#14
Harsh Deora, Manish Beniwal, Shilpa Rao, K V L N Rao, V Vikas, Sampath Somanna
Background: Actinomycosis israeli is a gram-positive non-acid-fast bacterium and is the most common causative agent of actinomycosis. It usually presents as a brain abscess via a secondary spread from the cervicofacial region or lungs. However, presentation as an en-plaque lesion with bone involvement out of proportion to brain parenchyma is rare and needs to be acknowledged. Case Description: We report a case of intracranial en-plaque lesion in a 47-year-old female with restriction of mouth opening and right third nerve palsy for 1 year...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521764/suture-fixation-of-globe-to-the-orbital-wall-for-complicated-strabismus
#15
Jianhua Yan, Yun Wen, Zhonghao Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to observe the surgical outcomes of suture globe fixation to the orbital wall for patients with complicated strabismus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients with complicated strabismus who were treated at the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China, from January 2010 to June 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Routine strabismus surgery was not possible in these cases. Eyes were anchored to the orbital wall by simple strong anastomosis of the extraocular muscle and orbital wall tissues using silk suture, which resulted in slight overcorrection of the ultimate ocular position after anchoring...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483014/endovascular-stent-coiling-of-a-giant-basilar-artery-aneurysm-through-a-previous-radial-artery-bypass
#16
Burak Ozdemir, Cory M Kelly, Michael R Levitt, Louis J Kim
Giant, partially-thrombosed basilar artery (BA) aneurysms are extraordinarily difficult to treat. Due to the high risk of rupture exclusion of these aneurysms from the circulation is imperative. In certain instances, direct clipping is unsuitable, and high-flow bypass and proximal parent vessel clip occlusion is required. We report a case of a recurrent partially-thrombosed giant BA apex aneurysm treated with endovascular stent-coiling through a previous radial artery bypass graft. Following the initial bypass and aneurysm trapping six years prior, the patient was neurologically stable until three months prior to admission when he developed new diplopia and left third nerve palsy...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426788/approach-to-a-patient-with-diplopia-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Edward Margolin, Cindy T Y Lam
BACKGROUND: Diplopia can be the result of benign or life-threatening etiologies. It is imperative for the emergency physician to be proficient at assessing diplopia and recognize when urgent referral or neuroimaging is required. OBJECTIVE: The first part of this review highlights a simple framework to arrive at the appropriate disposition of diplopic patients presenting to the emergency department (ED). The second part of this review provides more detail and further management strategies...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404259/tuberculum-meningioma-orbitopterional-approach
#18
Alexander Yang, Mohammed Aref, A Samy Youssef
This is a case of an extensive tuberculum sella meningioma involving the circle of Willis down to the basilar artery that presented with bilateral visual loss worse on the right than left side. A one-piece right orbitopterional approach along the worse eye was used to gain access to the three cranial fossae. The orbitotomy facilitates access to the midline structures and contralateral base of the tumor with minimal brain retraction. Tumor resection is initiated by first identifying the tumor capsule, followed by piecemeal debulking via ultrasonic aspiration...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274025/simplified-approach-of-gokyigit-s-technique-for-complete-cranial-nerve-third-palsy
#19
Ebru Demet Aygit, Asli İnal, O Bulut Ocak, Selcen Celik, Korhan Fazıl, Burcin Kepez Yildiz, Muhittin Taskapili, Birsen Gokyigit
PURPOSE: To evaluate a simpler approach of the medial transposition of split lateral rectus technique in patients with complete third nerve palsy. METHODS: All eyes with complet third nerve palsy were followed in our Strabismus Department between 2014 and 2016. All patients had complete oculamotor nerve palsy. All patients assed routine ophthalmologic examination. Also the ocular deviation, horizontal and vertical ocular alignments were measured at 6 m and at 1/3 m using the Krimsky corneal reflection test and alternate prism cover test with best optical correction...
December 23, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240513/examination-of-a-third-nerve-palsy
#20
Meera Radia, Matthew Stahl, Meena Arunakirinathan, Mustafa Kadhim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
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