keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Third nerve palsy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935468/interdural-cavernous-sinus-dermoid-cyst-in-a-child-case-report
#1
Flavio Giordano, Giacomo Peri, Giacomo M Bacci, Massimo Basile, Azzurra Guerra, Patrizia Bergonzini, Anna Maria Buccoliero, Barbara Spacca, Lorenzo Iughetti, PierArturo Donati, Lorenzo Genitori
Interdural dermoid cysts (DCs) of the cavernous sinus (CS), located between the outer (dural) and inner layer (membranous) of the CS lateral wall, are rare lesions in children. The authors report on a 5-year-old boy with third cranial nerve palsy and exophthalmos who underwent gross-total removal of an interdural DC of the right CS via a frontotemporal approach. The patient had a good outcome and no recurrence at the 12-month follow-up. To the best of the authors' knowledge this is the second pediatric case of interdural DC described in the literature...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932433/acute-hypertensive-encephalopathy-presenting-with-a-partial-third-nerve-palsy-image-findings
#2
James W Ryan, Christine McCarthy, Sean Murphy, Eoin Kavanagh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928379/a-rare-case-of-penetrating-trauma-resulting-in-isolated-third-nerve-palsy
#3
Caleb Story, Michael Patterson, Wilson McWilliams, Bethany Bray Markowitz
A 23-year-old male presented to the emergency department with right eye pain, right upper eyelid ptosis, blurry vision, and binocular diplopia that developed immediately after he bent over in a parking lot and the antenna of a car penetrated his right upper eyelid. An extensive workup was performed, and he was found to have an isolated traumatic oculomotor nerve palsy with pupil involvement. No other ocular findings of a traumatic injury were present. The patient was observed for 14 months, during which he continually improved, with almost complete resolution of his diplopia, anisocoria, and ptosis...
February 2016: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923759/de-novo-intra-neural-arachnoid-cyst-presenting-with-complete-third-nerve-palsy-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Danielle Brewington, Dmitriy Petrov, Robert Whitmore, Grant Liu, Ronald Wolf, Eric L Zager
BACKGROUND: Intra-neural arachnoid cyst is an extremely rare etiology of isolated cranial nerve palsy. Although seldom encountered in clinical practice, this pathology is amenable to surgical intervention. Correct identification and treatment of the cyst are required to prevent permanent nerve damage and potentially reverse the deficits. We describe a rare case of isolated third nerve palsy caused by an intra-neural arachnoid cyst. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 49 year old female with recent history of headaches presented with acute onset of painless left-sided 3rd nerve palsy...
December 3, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900703/the-treatment-of-distal-third-humeral-diaphyseal-fractures-is-there-still-a-place-for-the-external-fixation
#5
N Tartaglia, G Vicenti, M Carrozzo, A Abate, F Rifino, G Picca, G Solarino, B Moretti
INTRODUCTION: The treatment for humeral diaphyseal fractures is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of treating humeral distal third diaphyseal fractures by using external fixation technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively review 65 cases of diaphyseal humeral fractures (31 type A, 23 type B and 11 type C of the AO/OTA classification) treated with external fixation (Orthofix FAD small) between 2008 and 2013...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893002/incidence-and-etiologies-of-acquired-third-nerve-palsy-using-a-population-based-method
#6
Chengbo Fang, Jacqueline A Leavitt, David O Hodge, Jonathan M Holmes, Brian G Mohney, John J Chen
Importance: Among cranial nerve palsies, a third nerve palsy is important because a subset is caused by life-threatening aneurysms. However, there is significant disagreement regarding its incidence and the reported etiologies. Objective: To determine the incidence and etiologies of acquired third nerve palsy using a population-based method. Design, Setting, and Participants: All newly diagnosed cases of acquired third nerve palsy from January 1, 1978, through December 31, 2014, in Olmsted County, Minnesota, were identified using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, a record-linkage system of medical records for all patient-physician encounters among Olmsted County residents...
November 17, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892993/third-nerve-palsies-less-frequent-but-just-as-concerning
#7
Nancy J Newman, Valerie Biousse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886888/imaging-of-oculomotor-third-cranial-nerve-palsy
#8
REVIEW
Michael S Vaphiades, Glenn H Roberson
When evaluating a patient with an oculomotor cranial nerve palsy it may be unclear which neuroimaging modality is optimal; MRI, MR angiography, computed tomography, computed tomography angiography, or intraarterial digital subtraction angiography. We discuss the clinical guidelines in the evaluation of such patients and review neuroimaging techniques, outlining the advantages and disadvantages of each.
February 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857798/not-all-cases-of-nyctalopia-are-benign-unusual-and-serendipitous-presentation-of-arnold-chiari-type-1-malformation-at-a-pediatric-tertiary-care-center
#9
Kailash Chandra Patra, Abhijeet Prakash Kirtane
The Arnold-Chiari Type 1 malformation (CM1) is a rare congenital abnormality characterized by ectopia or caudal herniation of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum into the cervical spine, resulting in crowding at the craniocervical junction. It seldom presents in childhood with symptoms and a normal neurological examination. More typically, CM1 presents in young adult women with neurological symptoms including a headache, cervical pain, cranial nerve palsies, neurosensory deficit, and ataxia. Ocular manifestations associated with Chiari I include third and sixth cranial nerve paresis and convergence/divergence abnormalities...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843239/unique-neuro-ophthalmic-presentation-of-gun-pellet-injury
#10
Reena Sharma, Sanjay Sharma, Swati Phuljhele, Rohit Saxena
We describe a unique case of orbital gunshot injury with isolated intraorbital pellets lodged symmetrically in the two apices, causing identical clinical presentation, and absence of any associated globe or cerebral injury. He developed bilateral complete third nerve palsy with bilateral traumatic optic neuropathy. The optic nerve strut prevented the pellets from going into the brain on both the sides.
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835068/impact-of-superior-oblique-transposition-on-primary-position-deviation-a-pattern-and-intorsion-in-third-nerve-palsy
#11
Anupam Singh, P K Pandey, Sanjeev Kumar Mittal, Ajai Agrawal, Chirag Bahuguna, Prashant Kumar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of superior oblique transposition on primary position alignment, A pattern, and intorsion in third nerve palsy. METHODS: Ten patients with isolated, unilateral third nerve palsy were included in this prospective study. The patients were treated by conventional surgery on horizontal recti together with superior oblique transposition by Scott's procedure in the paretic eye. RESULTS: Pre-operative primary horizontal deviation was 60-80 PD (mean 70...
December 2016: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815953/early-complications-associated-with-the-thompson-approach-to-the-proximal-radius
#12
Donato J Perretta, Kenneth M Brock, Nirmal C Tejwani
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the early complications associated with the dorsal approach to the proximal radius. This approach, also called the Thompson approach, is used relatively infrequently for the treatment of forearm fractures. It is primarily reserved for proximal one-third radius fractures where a volar plate may not be placed sufficiently proximal for adequate fixation. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on forearm fractures performed at our institution...
November 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802825/mog-igg-in-nmo-and-related-disorders-a-multicenter-study-of-50-patients-part-3-brainstem-involvement-frequency-presentation-and-outcome
#13
Sven Jarius, Ingo Kleiter, Klemens Ruprecht, Nasrin Asgari, Kalliopi Pitarokoili, Nadja Borisow, Martin W Hümmert, Corinna Trebst, Florence Pache, Alexander Winkelmann, Lena-Alexandra Beume, Marius Ringelstein, Oliver Stich, Orhan Aktas, Mirjam Korporal-Kuhnke, Alexander Schwarz, Carsten Lukas, Jürgen Haas, Kai Fechner, Mathias Buttmann, Judith Bellmann-Strobl, Hanna Zimmermann, Alexander U Brandt, Diego Franciotta, Kathrin Schanda, Friedemann Paul, Markus Reindl, Brigitte Wildemann
BACKGROUND: Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-IgG) are present in a subset of aquaporin-4 (AQP4)-IgG-negative patients with optic neuritis (ON) and/or myelitis. Little is known so far about brainstem involvement in MOG-IgG-positive patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency, clinical and paraclinical features, course, outcome, and prognostic implications of brainstem involvement in MOG-IgG-positive ON and/or myelitis. METHODS: Retrospective case study...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781487/kernohan-woltman-notch-phenomenon-a-review-article
#14
C H Zhang, R M DeSouza, J S B Kho, S Vundavalli, G Critchley
Kernohan-Woltman notch phenomenon (KWNP) is a false localising sign which may still cause diagnostic confusion. It was first described by Kernohan and Woltman in 1929, through post-mortem studies on 297 patients following cases of false localisation. They proposed that raised intracranial pressure causes uncal herniation, which can compress the contralateral cerebral peduncle against the tough tentorium, manifesting as hemiparesis ipsilateral to the primary brain lesion. A number of case reports have been written since the original description of this phenomenon, primarily secondary to intracranial bleeds, and little has been written about long-term outcome of patients who develop KNWP...
October 26, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741997/neuro-ophthalmology-in-emergency-medicine
#15
J Stephen Huff, Everett W Austin
Understanding the anatomy and physiology of the eye, the orbit, and the central connections is key to understanding neuro-ophthalmologic emergencies. Anisocoria is an important sign that requires a systematic approach to avoid misdiagnosis of serious conditions, including carotid dissection (miosis) and aneurysmal third nerve palsy (mydriasis). Ptosis may be a sign of either Horner syndrome or third nerve palsy. An explanation should be pursued for diplopia since the differential diagnosis ranges from the trivial to life-threatening causes...
November 2016: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738538/neurofibromatosis-type-2-presenting-with-oculomotor-ophthalmoplegia-and-distal-myopathy
#16
Jessica Mani Penny Tevaraj, Evelyn Tai Li Min, Raja Azmi Mohd Noor, Azhany Yaakub, Wan Hazabbah Wan Hitam
Neurofibromatosis type 2 usually presents with bilateral acoustic schwannomas. We highlight the rare presentation of neurofibromatosis initially involving third nerve. A 23-year-old Malay female presented with left eye drooping of the upper lid and limitation of upward movement for 8 years. It was associated with right-sided body weakness, change in voice, and hearing disturbance in the right ear for the past 2 years. On examination, there was mild ptosis and limitation of movement superiorly in the left eye...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728318/a-rare-case-of-third-cranial-nerve-palsy
#17
Kumar Jee Kaul, H V Nataraju
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720575/transoral-stensen-s-duct-approach-a-22-case-retrospective-study
#18
Jean-Marc Foletti, Luc Wajszczak, Marie Gormezano, Laurent Guyot, Narcisse Zwetyenga, Cyrille Chossegros
INTRODUCTION: Parotid gland duct lithiasis is preferentially managed using minimally-invasive techniques such as sialendoscopy and lithotripsy. However, these 2 techniques cannot remedy all obstructions and other techniques such as the Transoral Stensen's Duct Approach (TSDA) may sometimes be helpful. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients treated with TSDA was conducted to evaluate this procedure between 2006 and 2013. Criteria for inclusion were: failures for lithiases (22 patients and 28 lithiases) treated with sialendoscopy and/or lithotripsy for parotid gland duct obstruction...
November 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704653/high-dose-intravenous-steroid-regimen-for-radiation-induced-hypoglossal-nerve-palsy
#19
Lachlan J McDowell, Marlene C Jacobson, Wilfred Levin
BACKGROUND: Hypoglossal nerve palsies are infrequent complications of head and neck radiotherapy. Treatments focus on maintaining function and prevention of abnormal airway-related swallowing events. METHODS: A patient with longstanding cranial neuropathies, including bilateral hypoglossal involvement, secondary to chemoradiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma, experienced repeated episodes of life-threatening complications. Initially, 2 courses of 2 weekly 24-hour intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP) infusions were administered 2 years apart...
October 5, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686096/efficacy-of-low-dose-corticosteroid-therapy-versus-high-dose-corticosteroid-therapy-in-bell-s-palsy-in-children
#20
Pinar Arican, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Pinar Gencpinar, Dilek Cavusoglu
Bell's palsy is the most common cause of acute peripheral facial nerve paralysis, but the optimal dose of corticosteroids in pediatric patients is still unclear. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of low-dose corticosteroid therapy compared with high-dose corticosteroid therapy in children with Bell's palsy. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the dose of oral prednisolone regimen initiated. The severity of idiopathic facial nerve paralysis was graded according to the House-Brackmann Grading Scale...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
keyword
keyword
46390
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"