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April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Sakthi Kumar Arul Prakash, Conrad S Tucker
The authors of this work present a real-time measurement of heart rate across different lighting conditions and motion categories. This is an advancement over existing remote Photo Plethysmography (rPPG) methods that require a static, controlled environment for heart rate detection, making them impractical for real-world scenarios wherein a patient may be in motion, or remotely connected to a healthcare provider through telehealth technologies. The algorithm aims to minimize motion artifacts such as blurring and noise due to head movements (uniform, random) by employing i) a blur identification and denoising algorithm for each frame and ii) a bounded Kalman filter technique for motion estimation and feature tracking...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Lindsay Bonsignore, Nicholas Bloom, Karen Steinhauser, Reginald Nichols, Todd Allen, Martha Twaddle, Janet Bull
CONTEXT: The impact of telehealth and remote patient monitoring have not been well established in palliative care populations in rural communities. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to 1) Describe a telehealth palliative care program using the TapCloud remote patient monitoring application and videoconferencing, 2) Evaluate the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of a telehealth system in palliative care, and 3) Use a quality data assessment collection tool (QDACT) in addition to TapCloud ratings of symptom burden and hospice transitions...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Ahmadreza Argha, Andrey Savkin, Siaw-Teng Liaw, Branko George Celler
BACKGROUND: Seasonal variation has an impact on the hospitalization rate of patients with a range of cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial infarction and angina. This paper presents findings on the influence of seasonal variation on the results of a recently completed national trial of home telemonitoring of patients with chronic conditions, carried out at five locations along the east coast of Australia. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to evaluate the effect of the seasonal timing of hospital admission and length of stay on clinical outcome of a home telemonitoring trial involving patients (age: mean 72...
March 16, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
James E McNicholas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Military Medicine
Nash Ak Witten, Joseph Humphry
The Lana'i Community Health Center (LCHC) like other health care organizations, is striving to implement technology-enabled care (TEC) in the clinical setting. TEC includes such technological innovations as patient portals, mobile phone applications, wearable health sensors, and telehealth. This study examines the utilization of communication technology by members of the Lana'i community and LCHC staff and board members in the home and in their daily lives and evaluates the community's electronic health literacy...
March 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
I Irgens, T Rekand, M Arora, N Liu, R Marshall, F Biering-Sørensen, M Alexander
STUDY DESIGN: Narrative review. OBJECTIVES: To find and discuss what has been published about the use of telehealth, on people with spinal cord injury (teleSCI). SETTING: International. METHOD: Cochrane Library, Ovid Medline, EMBASE and CINAHL, from 1996 till June 2017 have been searched. Searches in  PsycINFO, from 1996 till September 2017, were included afterwards. Extracted data include studies in English language, containing information about spinal cord injury and disorders, and telehealth...
March 7, 2018: Spinal Cord
Suzanne Morony, Kristie Weir, Gregory Duncan, Janice Biggs, Don Nutbeam, Kirsten J Mccaffery
BACKGROUND: Telehealth professionals require advanced communication skills, in part to compensate for lack of visual cues. Teach-Back is a best practice communication technique that has been recommended but not previously evaluated for consumer telehealth. We aimed to implement Teach-Back at a national maternal and child health telephone helpline. We describe the intervention and report telenurse experiences learning to use Teach-Back. METHODS: We identified barriers (time, knowledge, skills, beliefs) and enablers (self-reflection) to using Teach-Back, and developed a novel training program to address these, guided by the Theoretical Domains Framework...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Danielle Gallegos, Ceridwen Cromack, Karen J Thorpe
Telephone support is a format that presents an opportunity to sustain breastfeeding at a time when mothers identify themselves as at risk of cessation. The interactive mechanisms by which support is provided have not, however, been well investigated. We aimed to identify characteristics of calls that support breastfeeding self-efficacy. Thematic analysis of 149 calls from mothers seeking help for breastfeeding made to a 24-hour parenting helpline over a four week period, in Brisbane, Australia. Call-takers were 12 qualified and experienced maternal and child health nurses...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Ileana M Howard, Marla S Kaufman
Telehealth describes the provision of medical services remotely through technology, and may enhance patient access to specialty care services. Although teleneurology has expanded widely since the introduction of telestroke in 1999, telehealth services for outpatients with neuromuscular or musculoskeletal disorders are less widespread. In this narrative review, we will describe the current technology, applications, outcomes, and limitations of this dynamically growing field. Evidence for telehealth applications related to neuromuscular diseases, palliative care, specialized multidisciplinary services, and musculoskeletal care are reviewed...
March 6, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
Matthew Iasiello, Jonathan Bartholomaeus, Aaron Jarden, Joseph van Agteren
Longevity is a valuable resource for society, as older people are increasingly looking for new ways to contribute after retirement. Their contribution is however dependent upon their physical health, mental health and wellbeing. The potential role that mental health and wellbeing, two separate but interrelated constructs, play often are both under-recognised and insufficiently targeted. Positive ageing is a positive and constructive view of ageing, where older people actively work on maintaining a positive attitude, work towards keeping fit and healthy, and strive to maximize their wellbeing...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Mohanraj Karunanithi, Qing Zhang
Australian population aged over 65 years is 14% (3.3 million) and this expected to increase to 21% by 2053 (8.3 million), of which 1.9% to 4.2% is attributed to Australians over 85 years. With increase in ageing, there is high prevalence in long-term health conditions and more likely multiple visits to the doctors or the hospitals, particularly when one's functional condition declines. This adds burden to the already stretched health system such as the overcrowding of emergency departments in hospitals. This is partly due to many ageing patients with high care needs occupying significant number of hospital beds because they are waiting for entry to the limited placements in residential care...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Robyn A Clark
BACKGROUND: In a series of studies over the past decade we have measured the effectiveness of telehealth for elderly heart failure patients (>70 years) on rehospitalisation, mortality, adherence, satisfaction, cost effectiveness, health related quality of life, age and types of technology. METHODS: Evidence has been derived from a Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis (1 original and 2 updates: 2007-2016), two sub-analysis of this data and a large NHMRC funded multicentre randomised controlled trial (CHAT study 2010)...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Branko Celler, Marlien Varnfield, Rajiv Jayasena
The CSIRO National NBN Telehealth Trial investigated the effects of introducing at home telemonitoring of vital signs for the management of a heterogeneous group of chronically ill patients. Patients suffering from a wide range of chronic conditions who were frequently admitted to hospital, were selected from nominated hospital lists. The impact of telemonitoring was analysed using a wide range of health and wellbeing outcomes as well as numerous health economic metrics derived from Medicare Medical Benefits Scheme (MBS) and Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) data and Hospital Health Roundtable data...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Kristine Williams, Diane Blyler, Eric D Vidoni, Clarissa Shaw, JoEllen Wurth, Denise Seabold, Yelena Perkhounkova, Angela Van Sciver
The number of persons with dementia (PWD) in the United States is expected to reach 16 million by 2050. Due to the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, caregivers face challenging in-home care situations that lead to a range of negative health outcomes such as anxiety and depression for the caregivers and nursing home placement for PWD. Supporting Family Caregivers with Technology for Dementia Home Care (FamTechCare) is a multisite randomized controlled trial evaluating the effects of a telehealth intervention on caregiver well-being and PWD behavioral symptoms...
March 5, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Diane M Flynn, Linda H Eaton, Honor McQuinn, Ashley Alden, Alexa R Meins, Tessa Rue, David J Tauben, Ardith Z Doorenbos
Chronic pain is a significant problem among military personnel and a priority of the military health system. The U.S. Army Surgeon General's Pain Management Task Force recommends using telehealth capabilities to enhance pain management. This article describes the development and evaluation of a telehealth intervention (TelePain) designed to improve access to pain specialist consultation in the military health system. The study uses a wait-list controlled clinical trial to test: 1) effectiveness of the intervention, and 2) interviews to assess barriers and facilitators of the intervention implementation...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Eliezer Bose, Kavita Radhakrishnan
This study explored the use of unsupervised machine learning to identify subgroups of patients with heart failure who used telehealth services in the home health setting, and examined intercluster differences for patient characteristics related to medical history, symptoms, medications, psychosocial assessments, and healthcare utilization. Using a feature selection algorithm, we selected seven variables from 557 patients for clustering. We tested three clustering techniques: hierarchical, k-means, and partitioning around medoids...
February 28, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Christina A Olson, S David McSwain, Alison L Curfman, John Chuo
The growth and evolution of telehealth are opening new avenues for efficient, effective, and affordable pediatric health care services in the United States and around the world. However, there remain several barriers to the integration of telehealth into current practice. Establishing the necessary technical, administrative, and operational infrastructure can be challenging, and there is a relative lack of rigorous research data to demonstrate that telehealth is indeed delivering on its promise. That being said, a knowledge of the current state of pediatric telehealth can overcome many of these barriers, and programs are beginning to collaborate through a new pediatric telehealth research network called Supporting Pediatric Research on Outcomes and Utilization of Telehealth (SPROUT)...
February 27, 2018: Pediatrics
Kathy L Rush, Linda Hatt, Robert Janke, Lindsay Burton, Matthew Ferrier, Meghan Tetrault
OBJECTIVE: The virtual delivery of patient education and other forms of telehealth have been proposed as alternatives to providing needed care for patients with chronic diseases. The purpose of this systematic review was to compare the efficacy of virtual education delivery on patient outcomes compared with usual care. METHODS: The review examined citations from 3 databases, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and EMBASE using the search words telehealth, chronic disease, patient education, and related concepts...
February 15, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Richard Taylor, Gabrielle Rocque, Carol Chambless, Thomas Ramsey, Andres Azuero, Nataliya Ivankova, Michelle Y Martin, Marie A Bakitas
CONTEXT: There is a scarcity of early palliative care interventions to support family caregivers of persons with advanced cancer living in the rural Southern U.S.. OBJECTIVE: Adapt the content, format, and delivery of a six session, palliative care, telehealth intervention with monthly follow-up for rural family caregivers to enhance their own self-care and caregiving skills. METHODS: Qualitative formative evaluation consisting of one-on-one, semi-structured interviews with rural-dwelling persons with metastatic cancer (n=18), their primary family caregiver (n=20), and lay patient navigators (n=26) were conducted to elicit feedback on a family caregiver intervention outline based on published evidence-based interventions...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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