keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Exotropia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196268/three-cases-of-exotropic-moebius-syndrome
#1
Abbas Bagheri, Mohaddese Feizi
Moebius syndrome is characterized by congenital facial palsy and limitation in horizontal gaze. The surgical results of the exotropic pattern are rare and have not been published before. The authors report three cases of exotropic Moebius syndrome. Maximal weakening of the lateral rectus muscles followed by strengthening of the medial recti in exotropic Moebius syndrome can improve exotropia significantly. Most of these cases also need some measures to relieve the often associated severe dry eye. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188406/comparative-study-of-plication-recession-versus-resection-recession-in-unilateral-surgery-for-intermittent-exotropia
#2
Yugo Kimura, Tohru Kimura
PURPOSE: Plication is a muscle-strengthening procedure in which a muscle is not dissected from its point of insertion. The purpose of this study was to compare the results of plication-recession (PR) with those of resection-recession (RR) in adult patients with intermittent exotropia (XT). METHODS: Patients with XT who underwent either PR or RR with a minimum postoperative follow-up of 12 months were retrospectively reviewed. Postoperative mean distance deviation and surgical outcomes were compared at 1 week and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months, and at the final follow-up...
February 10, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179383/cultivated-limbal-epithelial-transplantation-and-penetrating-keratoplasty-postchemical-injury-a-14-year-follow-up
#3
Ritu Shah, Charuta Puranik, Ashik Mohamed, Virender S Sangwan
An 11-year-old girl presented to our tertiary eye care centre with a 9-month-old history of lime injury in the left eye in 1999 with vision of counting fingers close to the face. She initially underwent superficial keratectomy with amniotic membrane graft in 1999. Subsequently, cultivated limbal epithelial transplantation was performed in 2001 which improved her vision to 20/400. Following development of pannus and symblepharon in the left eye, she underwent pannus resection and conjunctival limbal autograft in 2002 and, a month later, optical penetrating keratoplasty (PK) following which her vision improved to 20/125...
February 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156199/influence-of-test-distance-on-stereoacuity-in-intermittent-exotropia
#4
Yukari Seki, Akemi Wakayama, Rika Takahashi, Ikumi Umebara, Fumi Tanabe, Kosuke Abe, Yoshikazu Shimomura
AIMS: To investigate influence of test distance on stereoacuity in intermittent exotropia (X[T]) using the same test conditions for both near and far distances. METHODS: Subjects were 38 consecutive patients with X(T). All the patients were between ages 6 and 15 years and had decimal visual acuity of 1.0 or better. Another inclusion criterion was presence of phoric condition at near and far distances. Stereoacuity was measured at a near distance of 40 cm and at a far distance of 5 m...
February 3, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128844/success-rates-of-patients-with-infantile-exotropia
#5
EDITORIAL
Leonard B Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089744/predictors-of-surgical-success-in-patients-with-intermittent-exotropia
#6
Di Zou, Clémentine Casafina, Alex Whiteman, Saurabh Jain
BACKGROUND: In patients with moderate- to large-angle exotropic deviations, surgical correction remains the definitive treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify preoperative factors that correlate with surgical success and to produce a binomial model that predicts success based on preoperative factors. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients with intermittent exotropia who underwent uniocular recession-resection surgery. Success was defined as ocular deviation ≤10(Δ) exotropia and ≤5(Δ) esotropia at distance at last follow-up (at least 3 months' postoperatively)...
January 9, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069468/children-with-dorsal-midbrain-syndrome-as-a-result-of-pineal-tumors
#7
Mary Ellen Hoehn, Julie Calderwood, Thomas O'Donnell, Gregory T Armstrong, Amar Gajjar
BACKGROUND: Dorsal midbrain syndrome (also known as Parinaud syndrome and pretectal syndrome) is a well-known complication of tumors of the pineal region. However, there are few reports regarding outcomes, especially in children. The purpose of this study was to report the ophthalmic outcomes in a group of children with pineal tumors treated at a single institution. METHODS: The medical records of pediatric patients diagnosed with pineal region tumors and evaluated at our ophthalmology clinic were studied retrospectively...
January 7, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031397/electrical-stimulation-of-superior-colliculus-affects-strabismus-angle-in-monkey-models-for-strabismus
#8
Suraj Upadhyaya, Hui Meng, Vallabh E Das
Disruption of binocular vision during the critical period for development leads to eye misalignment in humans and in monkey models. We have previously suggested that disruption within a vergence circuit could be the neural basis for strabismus. Electrical stimulation in the rostral superior colliculus (rSC) leads to vergence eye movements in normal monkeys. Therefore the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of SC stimulation on eye misalignment in strabismic monkeys. Electrical stimulation was delivered to 51 sites in the intermediate and deep layers of the SC (400Hz, 0...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003993/abnormal-medial-rectus-insertion-presenting-exotropia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Heeyoung Choi, Hyunkyu Kim, Hyeshin Jeon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003783/does-occlusion-therapy-improve-control-in-intermittent-exotropia
#10
Lina S AlKahmous, Ahmed A Al-Saleh
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of occlusion therapy in the control of intermittent exotropia (IXT) in children between 4 and 10 years in Saudi Arabia. This study will highlight the importance of patching IXT patients and assist to approach the proper use of occlusion therapy. METHODS: A clinical, prospective cohort pilot study was performed on 21 untreated IXT patients. Evaluation of the deviation angle, amplitudes, stereopsis and control before, during and after occlusion therapy was performed...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980365/comparison-of-astigmatism-induced-by-combined-inferior-oblique-anterior-transposition-procedure-and-lateral-rectus-recession-alone
#11
Sun Jung Eum, Bo Young Chun
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the magnitude and axis of astigmatism induced by a combined inferior oblique (IO) anterior transposition procedure with lateral rectus (LR) recession versus LR recession alone. METHODS: Forty-six patients were retrospectively analyzed. The subjects were divided into two groups: those having concurrent inferior oblique muscle overaction (IOOA) and intermittent exotropia (group 1, 20 patients) and those having only intermittent exotropia as a control (group 2, 26 patients)...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977611/risk-factors-analysis-of-consecutive-exotropia-oblique-muscle-overaction-may-play-an-important-role
#12
Qianwen Gong, Hong Wei, Xu Zhou, Ziyuan Li, Longqian Liu
To evaluate clinical factors associated with the onset of consecutive exotropia (XT) following esotropia surgery.By a retrospective nested case-control design, we reviewed the medical records of 193 patients who had undergone initial esotropia surgery between 2008 and 2015, and had follow-up longer than 6 months. The probable risk factors were evaluated between groups 1 (consecutive XT) and 2 (non-consecutive exotropia). Pearson chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for univariate analysis, and conditional logistic regression model was applied for exploring the potential risk factors of consecutive XT...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977037/a-high-prevalence-of-exotropia-in-patients-with-duane-retraction-syndrome-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-south-india
#13
Manjushree Bhate, Virender Sachdeva, Ramesh Kekunnaya
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of patients with Duane retraction syndrome presenting with exotropia in a tertiary eye care center. METHODS: Medical records of 140 patients with Duane retraction syndrome and exotropia (of the total 441 patients with Duane retraction syndrome) seen from 2000 to 2009 were reviewed. Characteristics studied included age at presentation, gender, laterality, manifest primary position, abnormal head posture, ocular motility, and overshoots...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977036/changing-strabismus-surgery-distribution-at-shanxi-province-eye-hospital-in-central-china
#14
Jun Hong Li, Wen Fang Xie, Jiao Ni Tian, Li Jun Zhang, Miao Miao Cao, Li Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate whether there has been a changing trend of strabismus surgery in a provincial eye hospital in the central part of China over the past decade. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data on all strabismus surgery performed in Shanxi Province Eye Hospital in China during the past 10 years. Recorded characteristics included patient demographics, type of strabismus, age, and gender. RESULTS: A total of 12,327 patients received strabismus surgery in the eye hospital from 2005 to 2014...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960641/proparacaine-induced-mydriasis-during-strabismus-surgery
#15
Brijesh Takkar, Pradeep Sharma, Nripen Gaur, Ashutosh Kumar Singh, Rashmi Ramachandran
AIM: To evaluate the mydriatic effect of proparacaine hydrochloride (PH) in children undergoing strabismus surgery under general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: This was a pilot, prospective, non-randomized, self-controlled interventional study. Nine children with esotropia or exotropia undergoing horizontal muscle squint surgery under GA at a tertiary eye care center were included. The six Group 1 patients underwent both eye surgeries, while the three Group 2 patients underwent single eye surgery...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929723/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-strabismus-in-a-uk-multi-ethnic-birth-cohort
#16
Alison Bruce, Gillian Santorelli
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence, types and early-life risk factors associated with strabismus in a multi-ethnic birth cohort of children aged 4-5 years in the first year of school. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively over a 3-year period (2012-2015) from children participating in the vision screening program provided by orthoptists and carried out in schools located in the city of Bradford, UK. Prevalence of strabismus was determined for 17,018 children aged 4 to 5 years...
December 2016: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893548/pressureless-orbital-decompression-for-myopic-proptosis
#17
Saul N Rajak, Richard A McGovern, Dinesh Selva
Orbital decompression surgery increases the orbital volume. It has rarely been used for proptosis of the large highly myopic globe. However, external decompression surgery carries significant risks because of the large thin-walled globe. The authors report the first use of endoscopic medial wall orbital decompression surgery in this setting to obviate the risk of globe pressure.Endoscopic medial wall decompression brought about a 4 mm reduction of proptosis, correction of exotropia and elimination of retrobulbar ache providing good symmetry with the fellow eye...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835070/symptoms-in-children-with-intermittent-exotropia-and-their-impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#18
Sarah R Hatt, David A Leske, Laura Liebermann, Jonathan M Holmes
PURPOSE: In childhood intermittent XT, the frequency and type of symptoms have not been rigorously studied. We aimed to identify specific symptoms in children with intermittent XT, their frequency, and effects on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: 35 children (5-13 years) with intermittent XT without previous surgery were enrolled in a prospective cohort study. Specific symptoms were identified from a previous study involving child and parent interviews and formulated as a 22-item symptom questionnaire...
December 2016: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821110/ocular-findings-in-patients-with-spastic-type-cerebral-palsy
#19
Myung Jin Park, Yung Ju Yoo, Chin Youb Chung, Jeong-Min Hwang
BACKGROUND: Refractive errors, strabismus, nystagmus, amblyopia, and cortical visual impairment are observed in 50 to 90 % of patients with cerebral palsy. Ocular abnormalities are known to differ according to cerebral palsy type, and spastic type has been reported to be more likely to be associated with ocular defects than the athetoid and ataxic types. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records was performed on 105 consecutive children with spastic type of cerebral palsy who underwent ophthalmologic examination between July 2003 and March 2006...
November 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820877/longitudinal-evaluation-of-eye-misalignment-and-eye-movements-following-surgical-correction-of-strabismus-in-monkeys
#20
Mythri Pullela, Brittany A Degler, David K Coats, Vallabh E Das
Purpose: Strabismus correction surgery is well documented in both the literature and practice with varying levels of success and permanence. Our goal was to characterize longitudinal changes in eye alignment and eye movements following strabismus correction surgery in a monkey model for developmental strabismus. Methods: We studied two juvenile rhesus monkeys with exotropia previously induced via an optical prism-rearing paradigm in infancy. Eye misalignment was corrected via a resection-recession surgery of the horizontal rectus muscles of one eye...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
keyword
keyword
46387
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"