keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Esotropia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532705/stereopsis-in-patients-with-refractive-accommodative-esotropia
#1
Haeng Jin Lee, Seong-Joon Kim, Young Suk Yu
PURPOSE: To investigate the factors associated with stereopsis in patients with refractive accommodative esotropia. METHODS: The medical records of patients with refractive accommodative esotropia from January 2008 to June 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Age, sex, cycloplegic refractive error, presence of amblyopia, angle of deviation, and stereoacuity and fusional ability were evaluated. Patients were divided into good stereopsis (40-100 arcsec) and poor stereopsis (>100 arcsec) groups...
May 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526001/postoperative-full-abduction-in-a-patient-of-duane-retraction-syndrome-without-an-abducens-nerve-a-case-report
#2
Jae Hyoung Kim, Jeong-Min Hwang
BACKGROUND: Duane retraction syndrome (DRS) consists of abduction deficit, globe retraction and upshoots or downshoots with adduction. The abducens nerve on the affected side is absent in type 1 DRS. After bilateral medial rectus muscle recession in unilateral type 1 DRS may improve the abduction limitation, but still more than -3 limitation remains. CASE PRESENTATION: A 6-month-old boy presented with esotropia which had been noticed in early infancy. He showed limited abduction, fissure narrowing on attempted adduction and a small upshoot OS...
May 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521562/divergence-excess-intermittent-exotropia-long-term-effect-of-augmented-bilateral-lateral-rectus-recession
#3
A Magli, P Esposito Veneruso, E Chiariello Vecchio, G Esposito, L Rombetto
PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term (10 years) effects of augmented bilateral lateral rectus (aBLR) recession in patients affected by divergence excess intermittent exotropia (deIXT). METHODS: Data of 58 patients affected by deIXT who underwent aBLR muscle recession were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were treated with 8.0 to 9.5 mm (mean 8.6 ± 0.5 mm) recession of BLR. RESULTS: Our result showed a significant decreasing of both distance and near residual deviation during follow-up...
May 19, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510776/patient-characteristics-and-surgical-approach-impacting-simultaneous-to-alternate-prism-cover-test-disparity-after-exotropia-surgery-a-quantitative-look-at-the-difference-in-motor-outcomes
#4
Pavlina S Kemp, Yoon-Hee Chang, Patrice Melvin, Linda R Dagi
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between simultaneous prism and cover test (SPCT) and alternate prism and cover test (APCT) outcomes after exotropia surgery, and to identify characteristics associated with significant disparity between them. METHODS: Review of sensorimotor outcomes 2 to 6 months after exotropia surgery identified patients with alignment documented by both SPCT and APCT at the same examination. Two hundred seventy-four and 319 patients had both measurements recorded at distance and near, respectively...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501391/long-term-visual-acuity-strabismus-and-nystagmus-outcomes-following-multimodality-treatment-in-group-d-retinoblastoma-eyes
#5
Ido D Fabian, Zishan Naeem, Andrew W Stacey, Tanzina Chowdhury, Catriona Duncan, M Ashwin Reddy, Mandeep S Sagoo
PURPOSE: To analyse the long-term visual acuity, strabismus and nystagmus outcomes in Group D retinoblastoma following multimodality treatments in a national retinoblastoma referral centre. DESIGN: Retrospective interventional case series. METHODS: A 13-year retrospective chart review of Group D eyes treated initially with intravenous chemotherapy (IVC) and followed-up for at least 1 year from last treatment. Risk factors for final visual acuity (VA) were analysed, and rate of strabismus and nystagmus at last follow-up visit were calculated...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499831/resolution-of-hypertropia-with-correction-of-consecutive-horizontal-deviation
#6
Rui Hao, Kanxing Zhao, Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND: To study the resolution of hypertropia in patients who undergo horizontal deviation surgery for consecutive esotropia or consecutive exotropia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 23 patients with consecutive esotropia or exotropia who had concomitant vertical tropia. All patients had had surgery for horizontal deviation that required further surgery to correct consecutive horizontal strabismus and had a minimum of six months of postoperative follow-up...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488915/unilateral-recession-resection-surgery-for-infantile-esotropia-survival-of-motor-outcomes-and-postoperative-drifts
#7
Klio I Chatzistefanou, Dimitrios Brouzas, Konstantinos D Droutsas, Chryssanthi Koutsandrea, Eleutheria Chimonidou
PURPOSE: To outline the short- and long-term motor outcomes of unilateral medial rectus muscle recession and lateral rectus muscle resection for the correction of moderate angle infantile esotropia. METHODS: A retrospective study of 109 consecutive patients with moderate angle infantile esotropia treated with graded unilateral recession-resection surgery. Criteria for successful motor outcome included alignment ±10Δ from orthophoria. Outcome evaluation was a comparison of successful alignment versus an overcorrection or undercorrection at eight weeks postoperatively as well as on the final follow-up examination...
May 10, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471893/midbrain-infarction-resulting-in-bilateral-pseudoabducens-palsies
#8
Bonnie M Kaas, David S Zee, Amir Kheradmand, Daniel R Gold
INTRODUCTION: Pseudoabducens palsy refers to abduction paresis in the absence of a pontine or peripheral nerve process. This finding has been described with mesodiencephalic lesions, and likely has a common mechanism with thalamic esotropia. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of a 55-year-old man who presented with near-complete ophthalmoparesis, sparing only adduction of the left eye. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain demonstrated midbrain infarction. CONCLUSIONS: Pseudoabducens palsy is likely underrecognized, but can be highly localizing when identified...
May 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471102/cycloplegic-refraction-in-hyperopic-children-effectiveness-of-a-0-5-tropicamide-and-0-5-phenylephrine-addition-to-1-cyclopentolate-regimen
#9
Seul Gi Yoo, Myung Jin Cho, Ungsoo Samuel Kim, Seung Hee Baek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a cycloplegic regimen using 0.5% tropicamide and 0.5% phenylephrine (Tropherine, Hanmi Pharm), in addition to 1% cyclopentolate, in hyperopic children. METHODS: The medical records of hyperopic patients below the age of 14 years who had undergone cycloplegic retinoscopy were retrospectively reviewed. Cycloplegic refractions were performed using one of two cycloplegic regimens. Regimen 1 was a Tropherine-added regimen comprising the administration of one drop of 1% cyclopentolate followed by two to three drops of Tropherine added at 15-minute intervals...
April 24, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471101/ophthalmologic-features-of-lennox-gastaut-syndrome
#10
Bo Hee Kim, Young Suk Yu, Seong Joon Kim
PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics and frequency of ophthalmologic findings in patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). METHODS: The medical records of patients diagnosed with LGS at Seoul National University Children's Hospital from January 2004 to August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The records of 34 patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 2.66 ± 3.51 years; male, 58.8%) were reviewed. The primary measure was the incidence of ophthalmologic manifestations...
April 24, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463575/the-prevalence-of-strabismus-heterophorias-and-their-associated-factors-in-underserved-rural-areas-of-iran
#11
Hassan Hashemi, Payam Nabovati, Abbasali Yekta, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Bardia Behnia, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of different types of strabismus and heterophoria and their associated factors in underserved rural areas of Iran. METHODS: Two rural areas in the north and southwest of Iran were randomly sampled using multistage cluster sampling. Individuals aged over 1 year, totaling 3851, were invited to participate in the study. In addition to collecting demographic data, optometric examinations were performed for each participant. Unilateral and alternating cover tests were performed at far (6 m) and near (40 cm) to detect tropia and phoria, respectively, and the magnitude of the deviation was measured using alternating cover test and prism bar...
May 2, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463529/choroidal-thickness-in-strabismus-and-amblyopia-cases
#12
Leyla Niyaz, Ozlem Eski Yücel, Nurşen Arıtürk, Ozlem Terzi
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to examine the effect of hypermetropia and anisometropic, exotropic, and esotropic amblyopia on choroidal thickness. METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional, comparative study of 120 children under the age of 16 years was conducted. Choroidal thickness was measured in patients with hypermetropia, anisometropia, esotropia, exotropia, and controls. RESULTS: The mean subfoveal choroidal thickness in the control and hypermetropia groups was 323...
May 2, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430327/postoperative-esotropia-initial-overcorrection-or-consecutive-esotropia
#13
Hyeshin Jeon, Heeyoung Choi
PURPOSE: To investigate the length of time required for diagnosing consecutive esotropia rather than initial overcorrection and examine risk factors for persistent postoperative esotropia after intermittent exotropia surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series in a tertiary medical center. Fifty consecutive patients with postoperative esotropia ≥6 prism diopters at 1 week following exotropia surgery, managed with nonsurgical management and followed up for more than 6 months from 2014 to 2015, were included...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418222/modified-loop-myopexy-technique-for-severe-high-myopic-strabismus-fixus
#14
Leilei Zou, Shuai Liu, Rui Liu, Jing Yao, Yan Liu, Jing Lin, Hong Liu
IMPORTANCE: This study introduces a modified loop myopexy technique for severe high myopic strabismus fixus. BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the surgical results of loop myopexy with or without medial rectus recession for the treatment of patients with myopic strabismus fixus. DESIGN: This is a retrospective study in a Chinese teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Data was collected from 25 myopic strabismus fixus patients (33 eyes) with restriction in both abduction and sursumduction...
April 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404522/observations-on-the-relationship-between-anisometropia-amblyopia-and-strabismus
#15
Earl L Smith, Li-Fang Hung, Baskar Arumugam, Janice M Wensveen, Yuzo M Chino, Ronald S Harwerth
We investigated the potential causal relationships between anisometropia, amblyopia and strabismus, specifically to determine whether either amblyopia or strabismus interfered with emmetropization. We analyzed data from non-human primates that were relevant to the co-existence of anisometropia, amblyopia and strabismus in children. We relied on interocular comparisons of spatial vision and refractive development in animals reared with 1) monocular form deprivation; 2) anisometropia optically imposed by either contact lenses or spectacle lenses; 3) organic amblyopia produced by laser ablation of the fovea; and 4) strabismus that was either optically imposed with prisms or produced by either surgical or pharmacological manipulation of the extraocular muscles...
April 18, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384899/health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-in-young-adults-with-strabismus-in-india
#16
Surendra P Sah, Indra P Sharma, Monica Chaudhry, Mousumi Saikia
INTRODUCTION: Strabismus has negative psycho-social and functional effects in adults. The impact can be minimised with surgery. However, in a low-income setting, it is important to evaluate the level of impact and prioritise the target population for intervention. The Adult Strabismus (AS-20) questionnaire is a reliable tool for assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in strabismic adults. AIM: To assess the HRQoL in young adults with manifest strabismus through psychosocial and functional scores according to gender and direction of deviation using the AS-20 questionnaire...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367527/botulinum-toxin-injection-in-the-patients-with-duane-syndrome-type-1
#17
Ahmad Ameri, Farzad Farzbod, Fatemeh Bazvand, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Mohammadreza Akbari, Faramarz Anvari, Simindokht Hosseini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin injection in the patients with type 1 Duane syndrome and identify the predictive factors for success. METHODS: Sixteen patients with esotropic type 1 Duane syndrome without history of ocular surgery were selected for this interventional case series. The botulinum toxin was injected in the medial rectus of all patients. Visual acuity, dry refraction, cyclo-refraction, ocular motility, and amount of deviation were measured...
March 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362425/role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-heavy-eye-syndrome
#18
C Maiolo, M Fresina, E C Campos
PurposeThe aim of this study is to assess the importance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before surgery in highly myopic patients, evaluating the capability of imaging to identify muscles displacement and orbital pulley abnormalities and their role in the pathogenesis of heavy eye syndrome (HES).MethodsWe reviewed the medical records and high-resolution orbital MRIs of highly myopic adults with HES, who underwent surgery for strabismus at the Sant'Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital of Bologna from January 2007 to June 2016...
March 31, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362053/to-what-extent-may-botox-injections-be-an-alternative-choice-to-surgery-in-infantile-esotropia
#19
Claude Speeg-Schatz, Paul Burgun, Sylvaine Gottenkiene
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation of a single injection of botulinum toxin in infantile esotropia as an alternative choice to surgery in a retrospective cases serie. METHODS: Patients (65 consecutive children aged 9 to 26 months with infantile strabismus) underwent botulinum toxin injection in both medial recti Botulinum toxin injection. Clinical datas including measurement of angle of deviation before and after injection. visual acuity, stereoscopy and side effects were observed in a 24 months period of follow-up...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315737/botulinum-toxin-as-an-adjunct-to-monocular-recession-resection-surgery-for-large-angle-sensory-strabismus
#20
Betül Tuğcu, Eda Sönmezay, Fadime Nuhoğlu, Hakan Özdemir, Seyhan Bahar Özkan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the result of using intraoperative botulinum toxin A (BTA) as an adjunct to monocular recession-resection surgery in the management of large-angle sensory strabismus. METHODS: The medical records of patients diagnosed with sensory strabismus with constant large-angle strabismus were reviewed retrospectively to identify those who underwent monocular recession-resection surgery combined with 5 units of BTA injection into the recessed muscle of the nonfixating eye...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
keyword
keyword
46386
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"