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Esotropia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207745/bilateral-persistent-hyperplastic-primary-vitreous-a-rare-case-report
#1
Rashmi Kumari, Bhawesh Chandra Saha
Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous (PHPV), now-a-days referred to as Persistent Fetal Vasculature (PFV), is a rare congenital anomaly of the eye that typically presents unilaterally with white pupillary reflex and microphthalmia without systemic associations. Bilateral presentations are rare. Here we report a case of 15-year-old male with bilateral PFV without leucokoria who was misdiagnosed as congenital esotropia with amblyopia, treated for refractive errors and referred to higher centre for squint corrections...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199032/surgical-outcome-of-superior-rectus-transposition-in-esotropic-duane-syndrome-and-abducens-nerve-palsy
#2
Rohit Agarwal, Medha Sharma, Rohit Saxena, Pradeep Sharma
PURPOSE: To evaluate surgical outcome of superior rectus transposition (SRT) in esotropic Duane syndrome (DS) and abducens nerve palsy. METHODS: Retrospective medical record analysis of all patients with esotropic DS and abducens nerve palsy treated with SRT at our center with minimum follow-up of 6 months. Primary outcome measures were esotropia in primary position and abduction limitation. Secondary outcome measures included head turn, stereopsis, and cyclovertical deviations...
November 30, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199031/surgical-success-and-lateral-incomitance-following-three-muscle-surgery-for-large-angle-horizontal-strabismus
#3
Diana L Cifuentes, Stacy L Pineles, Joseph L Demer, Federico G Velez
PURPOSE: To evaluate motor alignment, motility, and sensorial outcomes of simultaneous three-muscle surgery for large-angle horizontal strabismus, with special attention to lateral incomitance and long-term success. METHODS: The medical records of consecutive patients with large-angle deviations (≥30Δ) who underwent simultaneous surgery on three horizontal muscles to correct esotropia or exotropia were reviewed retrospectively. Successful motor alignment was defined as residual deviation of ≤10Δ and consecutive deviation in primary position of ≤4Δ, with no induced lateral incomitance >5Δ between lateral gazes...
November 30, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167898/factors-associated-with-failure-of-adult-strabismus-20-questionnaire-scores-to-improve-following-strabismus-surgery
#4
Sarah R Hatt, David A Leske, Kemuel L Philbrick, Jonathan M Holmes
Importance: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) typically improves following strabismus surgery. Nevertheless, for some patients, HRQOL does not improve, and reasons for this are unknown. Objective: To identify factors associated with failure of adult strabismus-20 (AS-20) HRQOL scores to improve following strabismus surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective observational case series at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, comprising 276 adults, between July 2012 and August 2016...
November 22, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156061/bilateral-superior-rectus-transposition-with-bilateral-medial-rectus-recession-for-m%C3%A3-bius-syndrome
#5
Yuxi Zheng, Sean P Donahue
Bilateral superior rectus transposition with bilateral medial rectus recession has been described successfully for treatment of Duane's syndrome but never for Möbius syndrome. The authors describe a child with Möbius syndrome who presented with large bilateral abduction deficits and esotropia. This surgical treatment resulted in marked improvement of said deficits. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2017;54:e81-e82.].
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145257/clinical-features-of-acute-acquired-comitant-esotropia-in-the-chinese-populations
#6
Tao Fu, Jing Wang, Moran Levin, Ping Xi, Dongguo Li, Junfa Li
Acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) is an unusual presentation of esotropia that occurs after infancy. This study was aimed to study the clinical features and the differences between children and adult patients with AACE in the Chinese populations.This was a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with AACE over 4 years; 69 patients (25 females and 44 males) were identified. The patients were divided into 3 groups: < 10 year-old (n = 6, 8.7%), 10-18 year-old (n = 23, 33.3%), and ≥18 year-old (n = 40, 58...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141386/-clinical-characteristics-and-surgical-effect-observation-of-congenital-aniridia-combined-with-cataract
#7
X H Wu, Q Z Cao, Y X Hu, J N Lin, H T Lin, W R Chen, Y Z Liu
Objective: To analyze the clinical manifestations, surgical approaches and postoperative prognosis for the cases of congenital aniridia combined with cataract. Methods: In this retrospective case series, 26 patients diagnosed with congenital aniridia combined with cataract were collected from Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center from February 2002 to August 2016. The Clinical data were collected to analyze the clinical features, surgical approaches and postoperative prognosis. T-test was used for statistical analysis...
November 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133973/duane-retraction-syndrome-causes-effects-and-management-strategies
#8
REVIEW
Ramesh Kekunnaya, Mithila Negalur
Duane retraction syndrome (DRS) is a congenital eye movement anomaly characterized by variable horizontal duction deficits, with narrowing of the palpebral fissure and globe retraction on attempted adduction, occasionally accompanied by upshoot or down-shoot. The etiopathogenesis of this condition can be explained by a spectrum of mechanical, innervational, neurologic and genetic abnormalities occurring independently or which influence each other giving rise to patterns of clinical presentations along with a complex set of ocular and systemic anomalies...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131911/time-and-factors-affecting-the-direction-of-re-drift-in-essential-infantile-esotropia
#9
Kun-Hoo Na, Yoonae A Cho, Seung-Hyun Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the development pattern and related factors of postoperative re-drift in infantile esotropia. METHODS: A total of 112 patients with infantile esotropia who underwent surgery before 3 years of age were included. Surgical outcomes were divided into (1) consecutive exotropia: more than 8 prism diopters (PD) of exodeviation; (2) recurrent esotropia: more than 8 PD of esodeviation; and (3) monofixation syndrome: maintenance of deviations within 8 PD...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130674/-efficacy-of-superior-rectus-and-lateral-rectus-muscle-belly-union-surgery-for-myopic-strabismus-fixus
#10
Guo-Yuan Yang, Long-Qian Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of superior rectus (SR) and lateral rectus (LR) union suture without scleral fixation for the treatment of myopic strabismus fixus. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 27 eyes of 16 patients who underwent lateral part of SR and superior part of LR muscle belly union between January 2010 and October 2015. We collected the ocular data including: best corrected visual acuity,axial length,CT or MRI images,orthoptic measurements (by prism test),and eye movements pre- and postoperatively...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108746/esotropia-and-exotropia-preferred-practice-pattern%C3%A2
#11
David K Wallace, Stephen P Christiansen, Derek T Sprunger, Michele Melia, Katherine A Lee, Christie L Morse, Michael X Repka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082121/bilateral-posterior-crystalline-lens-dislocations-in-an-otherwise-healthy-child
#12
Omar A AlShehri, Hashem Almarzouki, Badr A Alharbi, Mohammed Alqahtani, Khaled Allam
Introduction: Ectopia lentis is defined as a crystalline lens displacement, either partially or completely, due to zonular abnormalities. It can be a result of trauma, hereditary ocular disease, or part of systemic diseases, like Marfan syndrome and homocystinuria. Case description: We report a case of a medically free 16-year-old girl, who was referred to our hospital complaining of poor vision and a squint in both eyes since childhood. Her history included a traffic accident when she was one-year-old. She was previously diagnosed with alternating esotropia, which was treated with glasses, alternating patching, and bilateral Botox injections...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081649/bimedial-rectus-muscle-elongation-versus-bimedial-rectus-muscle-recession-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-large-angle-infantile-esotropia
#13
Manar A Ghali
PURPOSE: To compare bimedial rectus muscle recession (BMRR; 7-8 mm) and bimedial rectus muscle elongation (BMRE; 6.5-9 mm) for the surgical treatment of large-angle infantile esotropia (ET; ≥70 prism diopters [PD]). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with large-angle infantile ET were divided into 2 groups; group A (n=12) underwent BMRR and group B (n=12) underwent BMRE. All patients received surgery under general anesthesia and were followed for at least 24 months after surgery...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062221/the-importance-of-genetic-testing-as-demonstrated-by-two-cases-of-cacna1f-associated-retinal-generation-misdiagnosed-as-lca
#14
Clara J Men, Kinga M Bujakowska, Jason Comander, Emily Place, Emma C Bedoukian, Xiaosong Zhu, Bart P Leroy, Anne B Fulton, Eric A Pierce
PURPOSE: To describe in detail cases with an initial diagnosis of Leber congenital amaurosis that were later found to have a hemizygous mutation in the CACNA1F gene. METHODS: The patients underwent a detailed ophthalmological evaluation and full-field electroretinography (ERG). Selective targeted capture and whole-exome next-generation sequencing (NGS) were used to find the disease-causing mutations. RESULTS: Patient 1 presented at age 3 months with nystagmus, normal visual attention, and a normal fundus exam...
2017: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059315/the-use-of-botulinum-toxin-to-treat-infantile-esotropia-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Dayane Cristine Issaho, Fabio Ramos de Souza Carvalho, Marcia Keiko Uyeno Tabuse, Linda Christian Carrijo-Carvalho, Denise de Freitas
Purpose: The purpose of this review was to examine the efficacy of botulinum toxin in the treatment of infantile esotropia and to evaluate the average response of BT and its complication rates. Methods: A research was performed in the Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS), MEDLINE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial (CENTRAL). The database was searched between December 28, 2016 and January 30, 2017. The selection was restricted to articles published in English, Spanish, or Portuguese...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044088/management-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-an-infant-with-bilateral-congenital-cataract-and-associated-comitant-sensory-esotropia
#16
Jyoti Himanshu Matalia, Sheetal Shirke, Hemant Anaspure, Pooja Ghalla, Minal Kekatpure
In this report, we describe the management of a child with bilateral cataract, nystagmus, and comitant sensory esotropia. Routine ultrasonography done before cataract surgery revealed bilateral disc edema confirmed as idiopathic intracranial hypertension by a pediatric neurologist. The primary intervention for cataract surgery was followed by nonresolving papilledema, despite maximum medical therapy. To salvage the optic nerve function in a nonverbal child, bilateral optic nerve sheath decompression was planned with simultaneous medial rectus recessions for the persistent esotropia with the satisfactory postoperative outcome...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025170/-the-motor-development-of-children-with-infantile-esotropia
#17
Julia Dillmann, Claudia Freitag, Kerstin Holve, Silke Schweinfurth, Birgit Lorenz, Gudrun Schwarzer
Background Until now, many studies have investigated the link between motor development and visual-spatial abilities in infancy and childhood. Most of these studies found evidence that there is such a link in typically developing children or children with locomotor delay. Only a few studies have tested the consequences of this link in children with abnormal visual development because of infantile esotropia. Moreover, little is known about the effects of late surgery on motor development. Patients and Methods We assessed the motor abilities of 3- to 7-year old children with severe deficits in stereopsis due to infantile esotropia (angle ≥ 12°) and typically developing children prior to and 12 to 16 months after surgery...
October 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025168/-a-model-explaining-infantile-esotropia-dissociated-strabismus-as-a-result-of-sensory-interhemispheric-dissociation-and-crossed-dominance-in-the-brainstem
#18
Marcel Paulus Ten Tusscher
Over 150 million years, modern reptiles, birds and mammals evolved. Predatory birds and mammals have eyes on the front of their heads. In these animals, binocular correspondence, voluntary eye movements, eye-hand coordination, partial decussation at the optic chiasm and cortical interhemispheric pathways could develop at the cost of a smaller visual field. The subsequent enlargement of the cerebral neocortex and the hemispheric pathways are of central importance in binocular vision, sensory fusion and infantile strabismus...
October 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018753/adjustable-suture-strabismus-surgery-in-pediatric-patients-using-pull-string-technique
#19
Chong-Bin Tsai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The concept of adjustable suture has been developed in strabismus surgeries for nearly four decades. This technique is not yet universally embraced by strabismus surgeons, especially in pediatric patients. The aim of this study is to describe and evaluate the application of the adjustable suture with pull-string technique in pediatric patients. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was conducted for patients aged 18 years and under who received adjustable suture strabismus surgery using short tag sliding noose with pull-string technique...
January 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991347/medial-rectus-bridge-faden-operations-in-accommodative-and-partially-accommodative-esotropia-with-convergence-excess
#20
Asli Inal, Osman Bulut Ocak, Ebru Demet Aygit, Selcen Celik, Gamze Ozturk Karabulut, Berkay Inal, Muhittin Taskapili, Birsen Gokyigit
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of the bilateral bridge Faden operation on the medial rectus muscles with and without recession in the treatment of accommodative and partially accommodative esotropia with convergence excess. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical records of 103 patients who underwent the bridge Faden operation on both medial rectus muscles, with or without recession, for the treatment of accommodative and partially accommodative esotropia with convergence excess...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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