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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430327/postoperative-esotropia-initial-overcorrection-or-consecutive-esotropia
#1
Hyeshin Jeon, Heeyoung Choi
PURPOSE: To investigate the length of time required for diagnosing consecutive esotropia rather than initial overcorrection and examine risk factors for persistent postoperative esotropia after intermittent exotropia surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series in a tertiary medical center. Fifty consecutive patients with postoperative esotropia ≥6 prism diopters at 1 week following exotropia surgery, managed with nonsurgical management and followed up for more than 6 months from 2014 to 2015, were included...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418222/modified-loop-myopexy-technique-for-severe-high-myopic-strabismus-fixus
#2
Leilei Zou, Shuai Liu, Rui Liu, Yao Jing, Yan Liu, Jing Lin, Hong Liu
IMPORTANCE: This study introduces a modified loop myopexy technique for severe high myopic strabismus fixus (MSF). BACKGROUND: To evaluate the surgical results of loop myopexy with or without medial rectus (MR) recession for the treatment of patients with MSF. DESIGN: A retrospective study in a Chinese teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Data was collected from 25 MSF patients (33 eyes) with restriction in both abduction and sursumduction...
April 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404522/observations-on-the-relationship-between-anisometropia-amblyopia-and-strabismus
#3
Earl L Smith, Li-Fang Hung, Baskar Arumugam, Janice M Wensveen, Yuzo M Chino, Ronald S Harwerth
We investigated the potential causal relationships between anisometropia, amblyopia and strabismus, specifically to determine whether either amblyopia or strabismus interfered with emmetropization. We analyzed data from non-human primates that were relevant to the co-existence of anisometropia, amblyopia and strabismus in children. We relied on interocular comparisons of spatial vision and refractive development in animals reared with 1) monocular form deprivation; 2) anisometropia optically imposed by either contact lenses or spectacle lenses; 3) organic amblyopia produced by laser ablation of the fovea; and 4) strabismus that was either optically imposed with prisms or produced by either surgical or pharmacological manipulation of the extraocular muscles...
April 18, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384899/health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-in-young-adults-with-strabismus-in-india
#4
Surendra P Sah, Indra P Sharma, Monica Chaudhry, Mousumi Saikia
INTRODUCTION: Strabismus has negative psycho-social and functional effects in adults. The impact can be minimised with surgery. However, in a low-income setting, it is important to evaluate the level of impact and prioritise the target population for intervention. The Adult Strabismus (AS-20) questionnaire is a reliable tool for assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in strabismic adults. AIM: To assess the HRQoL in young adults with manifest strabismus through psychosocial and functional scores according to gender and direction of deviation using the AS-20 questionnaire...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367527/botulinum-toxin-injection-in-the-patients-with-duane-syndrome-type-1
#5
Ahmad Ameri, Farzad Farzbod, Fatemeh Bazvand, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Mohammadreza Akbari, Faramarz Anvari, Simindokht Hosseini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin injection in the patients with type 1 Duane syndrome and identify the predictive factors for success. METHODS: Sixteen patients with esotropic type 1 Duane syndrome without history of ocular surgery were selected for this interventional case series. The botulinum toxin was injected in the medial rectus of all patients. Visual acuity, dry refraction, cyclo-refraction, ocular motility, and amount of deviation were measured...
March 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362425/role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-heavy-eye-syndrome
#6
C Maiolo, M Fresina, E C Campos
PurposeThe aim of this study is to assess the importance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before surgery in highly myopic patients, evaluating the capability of imaging to identify muscles displacement and orbital pulley abnormalities and their role in the pathogenesis of heavy eye syndrome (HES).MethodsWe reviewed the medical records and high-resolution orbital MRIs of highly myopic adults with HES, who underwent surgery for strabismus at the Sant'Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital of Bologna from January 2007 to June 2016...
March 31, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362053/to-what-extent-may-botox-injections-be-an-alternative-choice-to-surgery-in-infantile-esotropia
#7
Claude Speeg-Schatz, Paul Burgun, Sylvaine Gottenkiene
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation of a single injection of botulinum toxin in infantile esotropia as an alternative choice to surgery in a retrospective cases serie. METHODS: Patients (65 consecutive children aged 9 to 26 months with infantile strabismus) underwent botulinum toxin injection in both medial recti Botulinum toxin injection. Clinical datas including measurement of angle of deviation before and after injection. visual acuity, stereoscopy and side effects were observed in a 24 months period of follow-up...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315737/botulinum-toxin-as-an-adjunct-to-monocular-recession-resection-surgery-for-large-angle-sensory-strabismus
#8
Betül Tuğcu, Eda Sönmezay, Fadime Nuhoğlu, Hakan Özdemir, Seyhan Bahar Özkan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the result of using intraoperative botulinum toxin A (BTA) as an adjunct to monocular recession-resection surgery in the management of large-angle sensory strabismus. METHODS: The medical records of patients diagnosed with sensory strabismus with constant large-angle strabismus were reviewed retrospectively to identify those who underwent monocular recession-resection surgery combined with 5 units of BTA injection into the recessed muscle of the nonfixating eye...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315403/wright-central-plication-of-lateral-rectus-versus-standard-medial-rectus-recession-in-adult-divergence-insufficiency-esotropia
#9
Kenneth W Wright, Giulia Corradetti
PURPOSE: Wright central plication is a minimally invasive tightening procedure described for the first time by Wright and colleagues in 2012. We compare outcomes of lateral rectus central plication (LRCP) to medial rectus recession (MRR) in the treatment of adult divergence insufficiency esotropia (ADIE). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 30 consecutive patients with ADIE, who underwent either LRCP or MRR between 2010 and 2015 was performed. INCLUSION CRITERIA: age ≥45 years, LRCP or MRR surgery fixed suture technique, esotropia (ET) at least 10(Δ) greater at distance than at near, subjective diplopia at distance, fusion at near fixation, follow-up of at least 6 months...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286308/bilateral-medial-rectus-resection-for-primary-large-angle-exotropia
#10
Amr A ElKamshoushy
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatments for large-angle exotropia include bilateral lateral rectus recession, recession-resection procedures, and three- and four-muscle surgery. Undercorrection and limitation of abduction are common complications of these procedures. This study reports the results of bilateral medial rectus resection as a first procedure for primary large-angle exotropia. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent bilateral medial rectus resection for angles ≥60(Δ) in the period from 2006 till 2016 with a minimum follow-up period of 6 months were reviewed retrospectively...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254627/inferior-rectus-transposition-a-novel-procedure-for-abducens-palsy
#11
Federico G Velez, Melinda Y Chang, Stacy L Pineles
PURPOSE: Superior rectus transposition (SRT) has been popularized for the treatment of abduction deficiencies. Potential complications include induced vertical deviation and torsion. A new procedure, the inferior rectus transposition (IRT) may be similarly beneficial for patients at risk for post-operative vertical deviation or incyclotropia. The purpose of this study is to describe the outcomes of patients undergoing IRT. DESIGN: Prospective, interventional case series METHODS: Five patients in an academic pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus practice with a complete lateral rectus palsy who underwent IRT were studied...
February 27, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253424/botulinum-toxin-for-the-treatment-of-strabismus
#12
REVIEW
Fiona J Rowe, Carmel P Noonan
BACKGROUND: The use of botulinum toxin as an investigative and treatment modality for strabismus is well reported in the medical literature. However, it is unclear how effective it is in comparison to other treatment options for strabismus. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to examine the efficacy of botulinum toxin therapy in the treatment of strabismus compared with alternative conservative or surgical treatment options. This review sought to ascertain those types of strabismus that particularly benefit from the use of botulinum toxin as a treatment option (such as small angle strabismus or strabismus with binocular potential, i...
March 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249714/outcomes-after-superior-rectus-transposition-and-medial-rectus-recession-versus-vertical-recti-transposition-for-sixth-nerve-palsy
#13
Yeon-Hee Lee, Scott R Lambert
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of superior rectus transposition and medial rectus recession (SRT/MRc) versus inferior and superior rectus transposition (VRT) for acquired sixth nerve palsy. DESIGN: Consecutive, interventional case series METHODS: The medical records of a consecutive series of patients with acquired sixth nerve palsy who underwent VRT or SRT/MRc by a single surgeon were reviewed. The pre- and postoperative findings were compared between the two groups...
February 26, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237148/slipped-extraocular-muscles-characteristics-and-surgical-outcomes
#14
Christiane Al-Haddad, Maamoun Abdul Fattah
OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency and characteristics of slipped extraocular muscles after strabismus surgery and report the postoperative outcomes longitudinally. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PARTICIPANTS: Electronic medical records of 493 patients who underwent strabismus surgery and were found to have a slipped muscle intraoperatively were reviewed. METHODS: Records were retrieved and operative reports were screened for the presence of slipped muscles...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229342/the-prevalence-and-types-of-strabismus-and-average-of-stereopsis-in-japanese-adults
#15
Toshiaki Goseki, Hitoshi Ishikawa
PURPOSE: Few studies report the prevalence and types of strabismus, or average of stereopsis in Japanese adults. We performed ophthalmological evaluation including motility and stereopsis during medical examinations at cooperative companies. METHODS: We studies 1214 volunteers. The average age was 41.2 ± 12.6 (range 20-86) years. Examinations were carried out using their customary eyewear, evaluating alternate prism cover test (APCT), and Titmus stereo test (TST)...
February 22, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220248/-prism-adaptation-test-before-strabismus-surgery-results-of-a-survey-and-literature-review
#16
U Pichler, M Rohleder, O Ehrt
BACKGROUND: Variable preoperative deviations and compensatory mechanisms may cause wrong dosage of strabismus surgery and result in over- or undercorrection. A long-lasting prism adaptation test (PAT) before surgery is supposed to reduce those difficulties and to improve the postoperative results. To date, the use of prism adaptation before surgery has not been systematically examined. METHODS: A total of 15 strabismologists and 28 orthoptists in Austria were interviewed about their approach to prism adaptation in 9 types of strabismus...
February 20, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213087/a-rare-case-of-bruns-syndrome-with-bilateral-superior-oblique-palsy-and-dorsal-midbrain-syndrome
#17
Rebika Dhiman, Medha Sharma, Anin Sethi, Sanjay Sharma, Atin Kumar, Rohit Saxena
We report a case of an 11-year-old boy referred for evaluation of esotropia associated with a 4-year history of intermittent headaches and vomiting triggered by sudden movements, such as sneezing and coughing. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed 3 years previously was reported to be normal. A thorough clinical examination revealed the clinical features of Dorsal midbrain syndrome with Bruns syndrome and bilateral superior oblique palsy. Advanced MRI sequences revealed a freely mobile intraventricular cysticercus causing obstructive panhydrocephalus...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195058/an-optokinetic-clue-to-the-pathogenesis-of-crossed-fixation-in-infantile-esotropia
#18
Michael C Brodsky, Lindsay D Klaehn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188406/comparative-study-of-plication-recession-versus-resection-recession-in-unilateral-surgery-for-intermittent-exotropia
#19
Yugo Kimura, Tohru Kimura
PURPOSE: Plication is a muscle-strengthening procedure in which a muscle is not dissected from its point of insertion. The purpose of this study was to compare the results of plication-recession (PR) with those of resection-recession (RR) in adult patients with intermittent exotropia (XT). METHODS: Patients with XT who underwent either PR or RR with a minimum postoperative follow-up of 12 months were retrospectively reviewed. Postoperative mean distance deviation and surgical outcomes were compared at 1 week and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months, and at the final follow-up...
February 10, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182149/anterior-segment-ischemia-after-strabismus-surgery
#20
Emine Seyhan Göçmen, Yonca Atalay, Özlem Evren Kemer, Hikmet Yavuz Sarıkatipoğlu
A 46-year-old male patient was referred to our clinic with complaints of diplopia and esotropia in his right eye that developed after a car accident. The patient had right esotropia in primary position and abduction of the right eye was totally limited. Primary deviation was over 40 prism diopters at near and distance. The patient was diagnosed with sixth nerve palsy and 18 months after trauma, he underwent right medial rectus muscle recession. Ten months after the first operation, full-thickness tendon transposition of the superior and inferior rectus muscles (with Foster suture) was performed...
January 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
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