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Esotropia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639450/-bilateral-congenital-multiple-pigmented-vitreous-cysts-in-a%C3%A2-three-year-old-girl-ten-years-follow-up
#1
J Štěpánková, M Hósová, D Dotřelová
The authors present a case report of a three-year-old female patient with bilateral multiple anterior vitreous cysts. During examination for intermittent esotropia of the right eye was diagnosed not only hypermetropia, astigmatism and anisometropia, but also pigmented changes in peripheral retrolental space of both eyes. Clinical examination under general anaesthesia revealed bilateral multiple pigmented immobile vitreous cysts. There were five almost spherical, translucent, but slightly pigmented cysts on its cover on the right eye and four similar on the left, but visible only with dilated pupils...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635423/inner-retinal-dystrophy-in-a-patient-with-biallelic-sequence-variants-in-brat1
#2
Julius T Oatts, Jacque L Duncan, Creig S Hoyt, Anne M Slavotinek, Anthony T Moore
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the BRCA1-associated protein required for the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) activation-1 (BRAT1) gene cause lethal neonatal rigidity and multifocal seizure syndrome characterized by rigidity and intractable seizures and a milder phenotype with intellectual disability, seizures, nonprogressive cerebellar ataxia or dyspraxia, and cerebellar atrophy. To date, nystagmus, cortical visual impairment, impairment of central vision, optic nerve hypoplasia, and optic atrophy have been described in this condition...
March 2, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632404/medial-and-lateral-rectus-muscle-insertion-distance-and-width-in-esotropia-and-exotropia-patients
#3
Leyla Niyaz, Ozlem Eski Yucel, Adem Gul
PURPOSE: The hypothesis that the extraocular muscle insertion distance and muscle width may be associated with the type and size of deviation was tested. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 129 patients who had surgery for horizontal strabismus or retinal detachment. The insertion distances and widths of the medial rectus (MR) and lateral rectus (LR) muscles were measured intraoperatively in esotropia, exotropia, and buckling surgery (control group) patients...
June 20, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626825/phace-s-syndrome-report-of-a-case-with-new-ocular-and-systemic-manifestations
#4
Raheleh Assari, Vahid Ziaee, Sasan Moghimi, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi
PURPOSE: To describe an infant with PHACE(S) syndrome [posterior fossa anomalies (P), hemangiomas (H), arterial anomalies (A), cardiac abnormalities and coarctation of aorta (C), eye abnormalities (E), and the sternal defects (S)] with unusual strabismus, congenital glaucoma, and new systemic manifestations. METHODS: A 6-month-old girl was referred with large hemangiomas on the left side of the face. RESULTS: In the ocular examination, right esotropia and hypotropia, and limitation of elevation in adduction in the right eye were seen...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601401/orbital-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-useful-in-age-related-distance-esotropia
#5
Pilar Gómez de Liaño Sanchez, Gloria Olavarri González, Pilar Merino Sanz, Jose C Escribano Villafruela
PURPOSE: To describe findings for orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with age-related distance esotropia (ARDE). METHODS: We compared 31 orbital MRI from patients with ARDE (77±7 SD years) with 2 control groups: 32 orbits from individuals aged 18-50 years (33±8 SD years) and 16 orbits from individuals aged >60 years (77±7 SD years). MRI scans were acquired using 3D fast field echo in T1 sequence without fat saturation. Exclusion criteria for all groups were neurological or thyroid disease and a relevant ophthalmological history (e...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583469/withdrawn-bilateral-medial-rectus-resection-for-primary-large-angle-exotropia
#6
Amr A ElKamshoushy
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2017.03.003. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
June 3, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576520/clinical-characterization-of-novel-chromosome-22q13-microdeletions
#7
Jennifer F Ha, Ayesha Ahmad, Marci M Lesperance
INTRODUCTION: The advent of chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) for evaluation of patients with multiple congenital anomalies has made it possible to define chromosomal imbalances with greater precision and resolutions significantly smaller than possible by standard G-banded chromosome analysis. We describe two patients with novel chromosomal anomalies involving chromosome 22q13, a locus also associated with Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS). OBJECTIVE: We aim to characterize the novel phenotypic and genotypic findings of two patients with 22q13 microdeletions, distinct from PMS, comparing and contrasting with features of PMS...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576206/association-of-orbital-decompression-and-the-characteristics-of-subsequent-strabismus-surgery-in-thyroid-eye-disease
#8
Ofira Zloto, Guy Ben Simon, Ido Didi Fabian, Oded Sagiv, Ruth Huna-Baron, Itay Ben Zion, Tamara Wygnanski-Jaffe
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of orbital decompression and the characteristics and outcome of subsequent strabismus surgery in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED). METHODS: Data on patients with TED who underwent orbital decompression at the Goldschleger Eye Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Israel, between January 1990 to December 2011 were extracted. The characteristics of decompression and strabismus surgeries were recorded. The outcomes and association of both surgical procedures were analyzed...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574497/stepping-into-the-virtual-unknown-feasibility-study-of-a-virtual-reality-based-test-of-ocular-misalignment
#9
N Nesaratnam, P Thomas, A Vivian
IntroductionDissociated tests of strabismus provide valuable information for diagnosis and monitoring of ocular misalignment in patients with normal retinal correspondence. However, they are vulnerable to operator error and rely on a fixed head position. Virtual reality headsets obviate the need for head fixation, while providing other clear theoretical advantages, including complete control over the illumination and targets presented for the patient's interaction.PurposeWe compared the performance of a virtual reality-based test of ocular misalignment to that of the traditional Lees screen, to establish the feasibility of using virtual reality technology in ophthalmic settings in the future...
June 2, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574218/a-novel-mutation-in-gmppa-in-siblings-with-apparent-intellectual-disability-epilepsy-dysmorphism-and-autonomic-dysfunction
#10
Wendy A Gold, Nara Sobreira, Elsa Wiame, Alexandre Marbaix, Emile Van Schaftingen, Patricia Franzka, Lisa G Riley, Lisa Worgan, Christian A Hübner, John Christodoulou, Lesley C Adès
GMPPA encodes the GDP-mannose pyrophosphorylase A protein (GMPPA). The function of GMPPA is not well defined, however it is a homolog of GMPPB which catalyzes the reaction that converts mannose-1-phosphate and guanosine-5'-triphosphate to GDP-mannose. Previously, biallelic mutations in GMPPA were reported to cause a disorder characterized by achalasia, alacrima, neurological deficits, and intellectual disability. In this study, we report a female proband with achalasia, alacrima, hypohydrosis, apparent intellectual disability, seizures, microcephaly, esotropia, and craniofacial dysmorphism...
June 2, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574005/congenital-inverse-duane-s-retraction-syndrome-a-rare-presentation
#11
Sumita Agarkar, Anushree Kaduskar
A 12-year-old girl presented with esotropia and face turn since birth. Ocular motility examination showed restricted abduction associated with down shoot and retraction on attempted abduction characteristic of inverse Duane's retraction syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, this is one of the very few reported cases of congenital inverse Duane's retraction syndrome.
May 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559837/transient-esotropia-in-the-child-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Davide Allegrini, Giovanni Montesano, Paolo Fogagnolo, Elisabetta Nocerino, Stefano De Cillà, Elena Piozzi, Luca Rossetti, Massimo Stefini, Alfredo Pece
The aim of this report is to investigate the possible causes of acute acquired onset of transient esotropia (AATE) in children and to help to differentiate ophthalmoplegic migraine (OM) from accommodative spasm (AS). A case of an 8-year-old Caucasian female affected by AATE and diplopia is described. The day before AATE onset, the patient complained of slight headache without nausea and vomiting, with spontaneous resolution. AATE diagnosis is challenging. The most likely ophthalmological causes of AATE are AS and OM...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546936/clinical-characteristics-of-sibling-patients-with-comitant-strabismus
#13
Haeng Jin Lee, Seong-Joon Kim, Young Suk Yu
AIM: To investigate the clinical characteristics of sibling patients with comitant strabismus. METHODS: Sibling patients who were diagnosed with comitant strabismus from January 2005 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Factors including age, sex, types of strabismus, refractive errors, angle of deviation, and coexistence of other strabismus were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 62 patients (31 pairs of siblings) were included. Of these, 26 pairs had intermittent exotropia, 3 had accommodative esotropia, and 2 had infantile esotropia...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532705/stereopsis-in-patients-with-refractive-accommodative-esotropia
#14
Haeng Jin Lee, Seong-Joon Kim, Young Suk Yu
PURPOSE: To investigate the factors associated with stereopsis in patients with refractive accommodative esotropia. METHODS: The medical records of patients with refractive accommodative esotropia from January 2008 to June 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Age, sex, cycloplegic refractive error, presence of amblyopia, angle of deviation, and stereoacuity and fusional ability were evaluated. Patients were divided into good stereopsis (40-100 arcsec) and poor stereopsis (>100 arcsec) groups...
May 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526001/postoperative-full-abduction-in-a-patient-of-duane-retraction-syndrome-without-an-abducens-nerve-a-case-report
#15
Jae Hyoung Kim, Jeong-Min Hwang
BACKGROUND: Duane retraction syndrome (DRS) consists of abduction deficit, globe retraction and upshoots or downshoots with adduction. The abducens nerve on the affected side is absent in type 1 DRS. After bilateral medial rectus muscle recession in unilateral type 1 DRS may improve the abduction limitation, but still more than -3 limitation remains. CASE PRESENTATION: A 6-month-old boy presented with esotropia which had been noticed in early infancy. He showed limited abduction, fissure narrowing on attempted adduction and a small upshoot OS...
May 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521562/divergence-excess-intermittent-exotropia-long-term-effect-of-augmented-bilateral-lateral-rectus-recession
#16
A Magli, P Esposito Veneruso, E Chiariello Vecchio, G Esposito, L Rombetto
PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term (10 years) effects of augmented bilateral lateral rectus (aBLR) recession in patients affected by divergence excess intermittent exotropia (deIXT). METHODS: Data of 58 patients affected by deIXT who underwent aBLR muscle recession were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were treated with 8.0 to 9.5 mm (mean 8.6 ± 0.5 mm) recession of BLR. RESULTS: Our result showed a significant decreasing of both distance and near residual deviation during follow-up...
May 19, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510776/patient-characteristics-and-surgical-approach-impacting-simultaneous-to-alternate-prism-cover-test-disparity-after-exotropia-surgery-a-quantitative-look-at-the-difference-in-motor-outcomes
#17
Pavlina S Kemp, Yoon-Hee Chang, Patrice Melvin, Linda R Dagi
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between simultaneous prism and cover test (SPCT) and alternate prism and cover test (APCT) outcomes after exotropia surgery, and to identify characteristics associated with significant disparity between them. METHODS: Review of sensorimotor outcomes 2 to 6 months after exotropia surgery identified patients with alignment documented by both SPCT and APCT at the same examination. Two hundred seventy-four and 319 patients had both measurements recorded at distance and near, respectively...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501391/long-term-visual-acuity-strabismus-and-nystagmus-outcomes-following-multimodality-treatment-in-group-d-retinoblastoma-eyes
#18
Ido D Fabian, Zishan Naeem, Andrew W Stacey, Tanzina Chowdhury, Catriona Duncan, M Ashwin Reddy, Mandeep S Sagoo
PURPOSE: To analyze the long-term visual acuity, strabismus, and nystagmus outcomes in Group D retinoblastoma following multimodality treatments in a national retinoblastoma referral center. DESIGN: Retrospective interventional case series. METHODS: A 13-year retrospective chart review of Group D eyes treated initially with intravenous chemotherapy (IVC) and followed up for at least 1 year from last treatment. Risk factors for final visual acuity (VA) were analyzed, and rate of strabismus and nystagmus at last follow-up visit were calculated...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499831/resolution-of-hypertropia-with-correction-of-consecutive-horizontal-deviation
#19
Rui Hao, Kanxing Zhao, Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND: To study the resolution of hypertropia in patients who undergo horizontal deviation surgery for consecutive esotropia or consecutive exotropia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 23 patients with consecutive esotropia or exotropia who had concomitant vertical tropia. All patients had had surgery for horizontal deviation that required further surgery to correct consecutive horizontal strabismus and had a minimum of six months of postoperative follow-up...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488915/unilateral-recession-resection-surgery-for-infantile-esotropia-survival-of-motor-outcomes-and-postoperative-drifts
#20
Klio I Chatzistefanou, Dimitrios Brouzas, Konstantinos D Droutsas, Chryssanthi Koutsandrea, Eleutheria Chimonidou
PURPOSE: To outline the short- and long-term motor outcomes of unilateral medial rectus muscle recession and lateral rectus muscle resection for the correction of moderate angle infantile esotropia. METHODS: A retrospective study of 109 consecutive patients with moderate angle infantile esotropia treated with graded unilateral recession-resection surgery. Criteria for successful motor outcome included alignment ±10Δ from orthophoria. Outcome evaluation was a comparison of successful alignment versus an overcorrection or undercorrection at eight weeks postoperatively as well as on the final follow-up examination...
May 10, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
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