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Esotropia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677359/essential-infantile-esotropia-potential-pathogenetic-role-of-extended-subcortical-neuroplasticity
#1
Michael C Brodsky
Essential infantile esotropia is generated by prenuclear visual pathways that increase esotonus and gradually drive the eyes into a convergent position. Contrary to the prevailing notion that infantile esotropia reflects a primary disturbance within the visual cortex, accumulating evidence suggests that infantile esotropia is generated by lower subcortical centers that subserve nasalward optokinesis. These phylogenetically older visuo-vestibular pathways include the nucleus of the optic tract, accessory optic system, inferior olive, cerebellar flocculus, and vestibular nucleus...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675346/factors-affecting-surgical-outcome-of-intermittent-exotropia
#2
Chee-Ming Lee, Ming-Hui Sun, Ling-Yuh Kao, Ken-Kuo Lin, Meng-Ling Yang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting surgical outcome in intermittent exotropia. DESIGNS: This was a retrospective interventional study. METHODS: Intermittent exotropic patients who had undergone surgical correction with a postoperative follow-up period of 1 month or more were included in the study. Surgical success was defined as an alignment between 10 prism diopters (PD) of exotropia or 5 PD of esotropia at 1 month...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667435/clinical-and-surgical-risk-factors-for-consecutive-exotropia
#3
Sophie Bryselbout, Veronique Promelle, Florent Pracca, Solange Milazzo
INTRODUCTION: Consecutive exotropia is one of the complications of esotropia surgery. Its prevalence is estimated at 4%-27%. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for consecutive exotropia in the aftermath of surgical treatment of esotropia. METHODS: Seventy-four patients examined in our strabismus consultation for a consecutive exotropia from January 2010 to June 2016 were retrospectively included. The age of onset of esotropia, the presence of amblyopia, the age of esotropia surgery and chosen procedure, the refractive errors, the anomalies of ocular motility, the age of onset of the consecutive exotropia and its angle of deviation were reported...
April 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600183/the-relationship-between-abduction-deficit-and-reoperation-among-patients-with-infantile-esotropia
#4
Zhale Rajavi, Hamideh Sabbaghi, Pooya Torkian, Narges Behradfar, Mehdi Yaseri, Mohadeseh Feizi, Mohammad Faghihi, Kourosh Sheibani
AIM: To determine the relationship between abduction deficit and reoperation among patients with infantile esotropia (IET). METHODS: The records of 216 patients (432 eyes) with IET who underwent surgery, from 2010 to 2015 were studied. Patients with IET whose deviation appeared before 6mo of age and had stable preoperative deviation in two examinations with at least 2wk apart and a minimum 3mo postoperative follow up were included. Cases with early onset accommodative esotropia, congenital cataract, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), manifest nystagmus, fundus lesions, neurologic and ophthalmic anomalies, 6th nerve palsy and Duane's syndrome were excluded...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577099/bilateral-superior-rectus-transposition-and-medial-rectus-recession-for-bilateral-sixth-nerve-palsy
#5
Shuan Dai, Vishaal Bhambhwani, Naz Raoof
Purpose: To present the results of bilateral superior rectus transposition with medial rectus recession in a case of chronic bilateral sixth nerve palsy. Observation: Bilateral superior rectus transposition with medial rectus recession resulted in full correction of esotropia with resolution of horizontal diplopia, improvement in abduction, and regain of stereoacuity in our case. There was minimal limitation of adduction, with no abnormal vertical or torsional changes...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557700/tendon-elongation-with-bovine-pericardium-in-patients-with-severe-esotropia-after-decompression-in-graves-orbitopathy-efficacy-and-long-term-stability
#6
Michael Oeverhaus, Margarethe Fischer, Herbert Hirche, Anke Schlüter, Joachim Esser, Anja K Eckstein
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We performed a retrospective analysis to examine clinical results, establish a dose-effect coefficient and analyze the long-term efficacy of tendon elongation with bovine pericardium (Tutopatch®) for surgical correction of severe esotropia, occurring after three-wall orbital decompression for dysthyroid optic neuropathy in patients with Graves' orbitopathy (GO). METHODS: Tendon elongation of the medial rectus muscle (MR) was performed in our institution using an interponate of bovine pericardium in 60 patients (27 underwent unilateral and 33 bilateral surgery)...
March 20, 2018: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551605/long-term-rate-of-evolution-of-age-related-distance-esotropia
#7
Daisy Godts, Isabel Deboutte, Danny G P Mathysen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evolution of horizontal deviation and fusional amplitudes both at distance and at near in patients with age-related distance esotropia (ARDET). METHODS: The medical records of consecutive patients diagnosed with ARDET between January 2008 and March 2016 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with at least 60 months' follow-up were eligible for inclusion. Horizontal deviation, fusional convergence amplitude, and fusional divergence amplitude both at distance and at near were compared...
March 15, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549487/the-effects-of-partial-and-full-correction-of-refractive-errors-on-sensorial-and-motor-outcomes-in-children-with-refractive-accommodative-esotropia
#8
Nazife Sefi-Yurdakul, Hüseyin Kaykısız, Feray Koç
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of partial and full correction of refractive errors on sensorial and motor outcomes in children with refractive accommodative esotropia (RAE). METHODS: The records of pediatric cases with full RAE were reviewed; their first and last sensorial and motor findings were evaluated in two groups, classified as partial (Group 1) and full correction (Group 2) of refractive errors. RESULTS: The mean age at first admission was 5...
March 17, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543976/the-preferred-postoperative-alignment-in-infantile-esotropia
#9
EDITORIAL
Rudolph S Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526714/the-clinical-effect-of-surgical-timing-in-infantile-exotropia
#10
Mansooreh Bagheri, Majid Farvardin
PURPOSE: To review the association of postoperative ocular alignment, sensory outcomes, and need for reoperation after surgical management of infantile exotropia. METHODS: The clinical records of patients who presented with constant infantile exotropia of >25Δ and subsequently underwent strabismus surgery at a single center from 2004 to 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Postoperative binocular sensory status was assessed using Worth 4-Dot and Titmus stereoacuity tests...
March 8, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526713/stereoacuity-outcomes-following-surgical-correction-of-the-nonaccommodative-component-in-partially-accommodative-esotropia
#11
Sudhi P Kurup, Heath W Barto, Gihyun Myung, Marilyn B Mets
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of partially accommodative esotropia (PAET) have assessed factors requiring surgery and alignment outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to additionally evaluate stereoacuity in patients who required surgery for their nonaccommodative component. METHODS: The medical records of consecutive patients with PAET who underwent bilateral medial rectus recession from April 1990 to July 2010to treat the nonaccommodative component were reviewed retrospectively...
March 8, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505489/retinal-cavernous-hemangioma-with-intralesional-phleboliths
#12
Michael D Yu, Lauren A Dalvin, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE: To report a case of retinal cavernous hemangioma with intralesional phleboliths, simulating retinoblastoma. METHODS: A healthy 5-month-old girl developed left esotropia and was noted to have atraumatic vitreous hemorrhage with underlying partially calcified mass, suspicious for retinoblastoma. RESULTS: On examination, the visual acuity was fix and follow in the right eye and absent fixation in the left eye. Evaluation of the right eye revealed normal findings...
March 2, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503952/clinical-features-of-a-toddler-with-bilateral-bullous-retinoschisis-with-a-novel-rs1-mutation
#13
Satoshi Katagiri, Shin Tanaka, Tadashi Yokoi, Takaaki Hayashi, Emiko Matsuzaka, Kazuko Ueda, Tomoyo Yoshida-Uemura, Akira Arakawa, Sachiko Nishina, Kazuaki Kadonosono, Noriyuki Azuma
Purpose: To report the clinical and genetic findings of a male toddler who presented bilateral bullous retinoschisis with a novel RS1 mutation. Observations: This is an observational case report of a patient referred to our hospital with esotropia. A comprehensive ophthalmic examination was performed with the boy (age, 1 year 4 months) under general anesthesia that included fundus examinations, fluorescein angiography (FA), swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), and full-field electroretinography (FF-ERG)...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503589/cost-and-quality-of-life-of-overlooked-eye-care-needs-of-children
#14
REVIEW
Monali S Malvankar-Mehta, Ryan Wilson, Erik Leci, Kelly Hatch, Sapna Sharan
Background: The objective of this research was to conduct a systematic review and cost analysis to summarize, from the Ministry of Health perspective, the costs families might incur because of their child's prescription for refractive errors and amblyopia correction. Methods: Databases including MEDLINE, Embase, BIOSIS, CINAHL, HEED, ISI Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library as well as the gray literature were searched. Systematic review was conducted using EPPI-Reviewer 4...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502213/photorefractive-keratectomy-influences-the-angle-of-ocular-deviation-in-strabismus-patients-with-hyperopia
#15
Giuseppe Giannaccare, Laura Primavera, Michela Fresina
PURPOSE: To evaluate refractive, binocular vision and ocular alignment outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for the treatment of hyperopia in esotropic patients. METHODS: Medical charts of hyperopic patients with full or partial accommodative esotropia (FAE or PAE) or consecutive exotropia (CE) undergone PRK from 2011 to 2014 were reviewed. The primary outcome was to assess the efficacy of PRK in improving ocular alignment. The secondary outcomes were the assessments of uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), spherical equivalent (SE) and stereoacuity...
March 3, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497134/spontaneous-consecutive-esotropia
#16
Nathalie Voide, Matthieu P Robert
PURPOSE: Although less frequent than consecutive exotropia, consecutive esotropia is a well-known type of strabismus when it follows the surgical correction of an exotropia. Spontaneous conversion from initial constant, large-angle exotropia beyond the age of 3 months to esotropia or orthophoria, however, is not common. We describe a series of infants who presented a spontaneous evolution from a large-angle infantile exotropia to either an orthophoria or a spontaneously consecutive esotropia...
March 2, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479226/a-7-year-old-girl-with-acute-onset-esotropia
#17
Stephanie C Erdle, Jeremy N Friedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476725/the-effect-of-botulinum-toxin-augmentation-on-strabismus-surgery-for-large-angle-infantile-esotropia
#18
Michael J Wan, Aubrey Gilbert, Melanie Kazlas, Carolyn Wu, Iason S Mantagos, David G Hunter, Ankoor S Shah
PURPOSE: To determine whether botulinum toxin augments the effect of strabismus surgery in pediatric patients with large-angle, infantile esotropia. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, case series. METHODS: SETTING: Tertiary-care pediatric hospital. STUDY POPULATION: Patients with large-angle, infantile esotropia. INTERVENTION: Treatment with botulinum toxin-augmented bilateral medial rectus muscle recession ("augmented-surgery group") or traditional bilateral medial rectus muscle recessions ("surgery-only group")...
February 21, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470973/long-term-surgical-outcomes-for-large-angle-infantile-esotropia
#19
Michael J Wan, Hedva Chiu, Ankoor S Shah, David G Hunter
PURPOSE: To report the long-term surgical outcomes for a cohort of children with large-angle, infantile esotropia. DESIGN: Multicenter, non-randomized clinical study METHODS: SETTING: Two tertiary-care pediatric hospitals. STUDY POPULATION: 88 children with large-angle (≥ 55 prism diopters), infantile esotropia. INTERVENTION: Surgical treatment of infantile esotropia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Success rate at final follow-up (postoperative deviation ≤10 prism diopters and no need for retreatment)...
February 19, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463226/acquired-distance-esotropia-associated-with-myopia-in-the-young-adult
#20
Ke Zheng, Tian Han, Yinan Han, Xiaomei Qu
BACKGROUND: To describe the clinical features of acquired progressive esotropia, with a larger angle at distance than near, associated with myopia in young adults. METHODS: Eleven adults (ages ranging from 18 to 37 years) with constant or intermittent horizontal diplopia at distance were recruited. Subjective refraction, ocular alignment, fusional amplitudes and horizontal eye movements were measured at distance and near. RESULTS: Distance esotropia varied from 20 to 60 prism diopters (PD)...
February 20, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
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