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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684794/changes-in-maternal-self-efficacy-postnatal-depression-symptoms-and-social-support-among-chinese-primiparous-women-during-the-initial-postpartum-period-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Xujuan Zheng, Jane Morrell, Kim Watts
BACKGROUND: There are many parenting problems during infancy for Chinese primiparous women. As an important determinant of good parenting, maternal self-efficacy (MSE) should be paid more attention by researchers. At present, the limitations of previous research examining MSE during infancy are that most studies were conducted with a homogeneous sample and there were few studies with Chinese women. Secondly, the trajectory of change in MSE, postnatal depression symptoms and social support for Chinese primiparous women was not clear during the initial postpartum period in earlier studies...
April 11, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684223/socioeconomic-disadvantage-across-the-life-course-and-oral-health-in-older-age-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-british-men
#2
Sheena E Ramsay, Efstathios Papachristou, Richard G Watt, Lucy T Lennon, A Olia Papacosta, Peter H Whincup, S Goya Wannamethee
Background: The influence of life-course socioeconomic disadvantage on oral health at older ages is not well-established. We examined the influence of socioeconomic factors in childhood, middle-age and older age on oral health at older ages, and tested conceptual life-course models (sensitive period, accumulation of risk, social mobility) to determine which best described observed associations. Methods: A representative cohort of British men aged 71-92 in 2010-12 included socioeconomic factors in childhood, middle-age and older age...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678766/in-silico-toxicology-protocols
#3
Glenn J Myatt, Ernst Ahlberg, Yumi Akahori, David Allen, Alexander Amberg, Lennart T Anger, Aynur Aptula, Scott Auerbach, Lisa Beilke, Phillip Bellion, Romualdo Benigni, Joel Bercu, Ewan D Booth, Dave Bower, Alessandro Brigo, Natalie Burden, Zoryana Cammerer, Mark T D Cronin, Kevin P Cross, Laura Custer, Magdalena Dettwiler, Krista Dobo, Kevin A Ford, Marie C Fortin, Samantha E Gad-McDonald, Nichola Gellatly, Véronique Gervais, Kyle P Glover, Susanne Glowienke, Jacky Van Gompel, Steve Gutsell, Barry Hardy, James S Harvey, Jedd Hillegass, Masamitsu Honma, Jui-Hua Hsieh, Chia-Wen Hsu, Kathy Hughes, Candice Johnson, Robert Jolly, David Jones, Ray Kemper, Michelle O Kenyon, Marlene T Kim, Naomi L Kruhlak, Sunil A Kulkarni, Klaus Kümmerer, Penny Leavitt, Bernhard Majer, Scott Masten, Scott Miller, Janet Moser, Moiz Mumtaz, Wolfgang Muster, Louise Neilson, Tudor I Oprea, Grace Patlewicz, Alexandre Paulino, Elena Lo Piparo, Mark Powley, Donald P Quigley, M Vijayaraj Reddy, Andrea-Nicole Richarz, Patricia Ruiz, Benoit Schilter, Rositsa Serafimova, Wendy Simpson, Lidiya Stavitskaya, Reinhard Stidl, Diana Suarez-Rodriguez, David T Szabo, Andrew Teasdale, Alejandra Trejo-Martin, Jean-Pierre Valentin, Anna Vuorinen, Brian A Wall, Pete Watts, Angela T White, Joerg Wichard, Kristine L Witt, Adam Woolley, David Woolley, Craig Zwickl, Catrin Hasselgren
The present publication surveys several applications of in silico (i.e., computational) toxicology approaches across different industries and institutions. It highlights the need to develop standardized protocols when conducting toxicity-related predictions. This contribution articulates the information needed for protocols to support in silico predictions for major toxicological endpoints of concern (e.g., genetic toxicity, carcinogenicity, acute toxicity, reproductive toxicity, developmental toxicity) across several industries and regulatory bodies...
April 17, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677278/annals-graphic-medicine-an-apple-a-day
#4
Michael Koerner, Eliza Fredette, Trudy A Watt, Peter Lloyd Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676271/guo-qiang-chen-haematologist-who-risked-all-for-research-success
#5
Geoff Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672903/cirrhotic-cardiomyopathy-after-transplantation-neither-the-transient-nor-innocent-bystander
#6
Manhal Izzy, Jae Oh, Kymberly D Watt
Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy in end stage liver disease is currently characterized by blunted contractile systolic response to stress with or without diastolic dysfunction in the absence of known heart disease. Since the establishment of the diagnostic criteria of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy in 2005, there have been multiple studies regarding its pathophysiology and pre-transplant clinical course. The data regarding the post-transplant course of this entity are sparse. This review addresses the course and prognosis of the elements of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy after liver transplantation...
April 19, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670405/perceptions-of-alcohol-use-in-the-context-of-hiv-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#7
Munyaradzi Madhombiro, Bazondlile Marimbe-Dube, Michelle Dube, Malinda Kaiyo-Utete, Angeline Paradzai, Dixon Chibanda, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Asj van der Watt, Soraya Seedat
Background: Alcohol use is associated with poor HIV treatment outcomes. This study aimed to understand patients' perceptions of the impact of alcohol use in the context of HIV care. Methods: The study design was a descriptive qualitative study of HIV positive individuals receiving antiretroviral treatment. The study involved four focus group discussions with male and female participants at a tertiary center, city clinic, and rural church. We employed convenience sampling and invited patients coming for their routine visits and medication refills to participate...
2018: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666201/guidelines-for-conducting-epidemiological-studies-of-blast-injury
#8
Dan Bieler, I Cernak, L Martineau, S Bjarnason, A Franke, E Kirkman, M J Leggieri, H Orru, S Ouellet, M Philippens, M G Risling, J-C Sarron, S Skriudalen, J A Teland, S Watts, R Gupta
Blast injuries are often caused by more than one mechanism, do not occur in isolation, and typically elicit a secondary multi-system response. Research efforts often do not separate blast injuries caused by blast waves from those caused by blunt force trauma and other mechanisms. 15 experts from nine different NATO nations developed in the HFM Research Task Group (RTG; HFM-234 (RTG)) 'Environmental Toxicology of Blast Exposures: Injury Metrics, Modelling, Methods and Standards' Guidelines for Conducting Epidemiological Studies of Blast Injury...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666168/-we-have-a-rich-heritage-and-we-believe-a-bright-future-how-transnational-tobacco-companies-are-using-twitter-to-oppose-policy-and-shape-their-public-identity
#9
Christina Watts, Marita Hefler, Becky Freeman
BACKGROUND: The tobacco industry has a long history of opposing tobacco control policy and promoting socially responsible business practices. With the rise of social media platforms, like Twitter, the tobacco industry is enabled to readily and easily communicate these messages. METHODS: All tweets published by the primary corporate Twitter accounts of British American Tobacco (BAT), Imperial Brands PLC (Imperial), Philip Morris International (PMI) and Japan Tobacco International (JTI) were downloaded in May 2017 and manually coded under 30 topic categories...
April 17, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665613/the-association-between-self-rated-fitness-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adults
#10
Karina Gregersen Jensen, Susanne Rosthøj, Allan Linneberg, Mette Aadahl
To assess criterion validity of a single item question on self-rated physical fitness against objectively measured cardiorespiratory fitness. From the Health2008 study 749 men and women between 30 and 60 years of age rated their fitness as excellent, very good, good, fair or poor. Cardiorespiratory fitness was estimated with the watt-max test. Agreement between self-rated and objectively measured physical fitness was assessed by Cohen's weighted kappa coefficient. Correlation was determined by Goodman & Kruskal's gamma correlation coefficient...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663404/do-psychopathic-birds-of-a-feather-flock-together-psychopathic-personality-traits-and-romantic-preferences
#11
Ashley L Watts, Jessica C Rohr, Katherine L McCauley, Sarah Francis Smith, Kristin Landfield Howe, Scott O Lilienfeld
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present studies was to investigate whether people are especially attracted to psychopathic traits, and whether there are individual differences characteristics in such attraction. METHOD: Female undergraduates (N = 270; Mage = 19; 57% White, 20% Asian, 8% Black) and female and male community members (N = 426, Mage = 37; 56% female; 81% Caucasian, 10% African American, 4% Asian) reported on their own personality and constructed their ideal mate for a dating, short-term, and long-term relationship from a list of 70 characteristics drawn from well-validated criteria for psychopathic personality and diagnostic criteria for DSM-5 personality disorders (PDs)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663075/comparison-of-running-and-cycling-economy-in-runners-cyclists-and-triathletes
#12
Wannes Swinnen, Shalaya Kipp, Rodger Kram
PURPOSE: Exercise economy is one of the main physiological factors determining performance in endurance sports. Running economy (RE) can be improved with running-specific training, while the improvement of cycling economy (CE) with cycling-specific training is controversial. We investigated whether exercise economy reflects sport-specific skills/adaptations or is determined by overall physiological factors. METHODS: We compared RE and CE in 10 runners, 9 cyclists and 9 triathletes for running at 12 km/h and cycling at 200 W...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660322/efficacy-and-safety-of-endobiliary-radiofrequency-ablation-for-the-eradication-of-residual-neoplasia-after-endoscopic-papillectomy-a-multicenter-prospective-study
#13
Marine Camus, Bertrand Napoléon, Ariane Vienne, Marc Le Rhun, Sarah Leblanc, Maximilien Barret, Stanislas Chaussade, Françoise Robin, Nadira Kaddour, Frederic Prat
BACKGROUND: and study aims: Endobiliary dysplasia may persist after endoscopic papillectomy. Intraductal radiofrequency ablation (ID-RFA) is a potential alternative to complementary surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ID-RFA for the treatment of adenomatous intraductal residue after endoscopic papillectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective open-label multicenter study included patients with histologically proven endobiliary adenoma remnant (ductal extent <20 mm), after endoscopic papillectomy for ampullary tumor...
April 13, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657714/non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-detection-in-the-lower-airways-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Krishna B Sriram, Amanda J Cox, Pathmanathan Sivakumaran, Maninder Singh, Annabelle M Watts, Nicholas P West, Allan W Cripps
Background: Chronic airway inflammation and hypersensitivity to bacterial infection may contribute to lung cancer pathogenesis. Previous studies have demonstrated that nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is the most common colonizing bacteria in the lower airways of patients with COPD. The objective of this study was to determine the presence of NTHi and immunoglobulin concentrations in patients with lung cancer, COPD and controls. Methods: Serum and bronchial wash samples were collected from patients undergoing diagnostic bronchoscopy...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657306/hypoxia-induced-microrna-210-targets-neurodegenerative-pathways
#15
Michelle E Watts, Sarah M Williams, Jess Nithianantharajah, Charles Claudianos
Hypoxia-regulated microRNA-210 (miR-210) is a highly conserved microRNA, known to regulate various processes under hypoxic conditions. Previously we found that miR-210 is also involved in honeybee learning and memory, raising the questions of how neural activity may induce hypoxia-regulated genes and how miR-210 may regulate plasticity in more complex mammalian systems. Using a pull-down approach, we identified 620 unique target genes of miR-210 in humans, among which there was a significant enrichment of age-related neurodegenerative pathways, including Huntington's, Alzheimer's, and Parkinson's diseases...
March 27, 2018: Non-Coding RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655364/incidence-and-characteristics-of-low-speed-vehicle-run-over-events-in-rural-and-remote-children-aged-0-14-years-in-queensland-an-11-year-1999-2009-retrospective-analysis
#16
Bronwyn R Griffin, Roy M Kimble, Kerrianne Watt, Linda Shields
INTRODUCTION: The main objective of this study is to describe incidence rates of low-speed vehicle run-over (LSVRO) events among children aged 0-14 years residing in Queensland from 1999 to 2009. A second objective was to describe the associated patterns of injury, with respect to gender, age group, severity, characteristics (host, vehicle and environment), and trends over time in relation to geographical remoteness. Final results are hoped to inform prevention policies. METHODS: In this statewide, retrospective, population-based study, data were collected on LSVRO events that occurred among children aged 0-14 years in Queensland from 1999 to 2009 from all relevant data sources across the continuum of care, and manually linked to obtain the most comprehensive estimate possible of the magnitude and nature of LSVRO events to date...
April 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650350/loss-of-dorsomedial-hypothalamic-glp-1-signaling-reduces-bat-thermogenesis-and-increases-adiposity
#17
Shin J Lee, Graciela Sanchez-Watts, Jean-Philippe Krieger, Angelica Pignalosa, Puck N Norell, Alyssa Cortella, Klaus G Pettersen, Dubravka Vrdoljak, Matthew R Hayes, Scott Kanoski, Wolfgang Langhans, Alan G Watts
OBJECTIVE: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) neurons in the hindbrain densely innervate the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH), a nucleus strongly implicated in body weight regulation and the sympathetic control of brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis. Therefore, DMH GLP-1 receptors (GLP-1R) are well placed to regulate energy balance by controlling sympathetic outflow and BAT function. METHODS: We investigate this possibility in adult male rats by using direct administration of GLP-1 (0...
March 21, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649269/carriage-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-haemophilus-influenzae-moraxella-catarrhalis-and-staphylococcus-aureus-in-indonesian-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Eileen M Dunne, Chrysanti Murad, Sunaryati Sudigdoadi, Eddy Fadlyana, Rodman Tarigan, Sang Ayu Kompiyang Indriyani, Casey L Pell, Emma Watts, Catherine Satzke, Jason Hinds, Nurhandini Eka Dewi, Finny Fitry Yani, Kusnandi Rusmil, E Kim Mulholland, Cissy Kartasasmita
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important cause of infection and commonly colonizes the nasopharynx of young children, along with other potentially pathogenic bacteria. The objectives of this study were to estimate the carriage prevalence of S. pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Staphylococcus aureus in young children in Indonesia, and to examine interactions between these bacterial species. 302 healthy children aged 12-24 months were enrolled in community health centers in the Bandung, Central Lombok, and Padang regions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649062/national-mortality-rates-after-outpatient-cosmetic-surgery-and-low-rates-of-perioperative-deep-vein-thrombosis-screening-and-prophylaxis
#19
Alexandra Bucknor, Sabine Egeler, Austin Chen, Anmol Chattha, Parisa Kamali, Gary Brownstein, Lawrence Reed, David Watts, Samuel J Lin
BACKGROUND: Concerns have arisen over reports of deaths occurring after certain outpatient plastic surgery procedures. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the American Association for the Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgical Facilities (AAAASF) database and report on deaths occurring after outpatient cosmetic surgical procedures, causative factors, and venous thromboembolism (VTE) screening rates. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the AAAASF database was performed for the years 2012-2017...
March 29, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643507/an-evolutionarily-conserved-ribosome-rescue-pathway-maintains-epidermal-homeostasis
#20
Kifayathullah Liakath-Ali, Eric W Mills, Inês Sequeira, Beate M Lichtenberger, Angela Oliveira Pisco, Kalle H Sipilä, Ajay Mishra, Harunori Yoshikawa, Colin Chih-Chien Wu, Tony Ly, Angus I Lamond, Ibrahim M Adham, Rachel Green, Fiona M Watt
Ribosome-associated mRNA quality control mechanisms ensure the fidelity of protein translation1,2 . Although these mechanisms have been extensively studied in yeast, little is known about their role in mammalian tissues, despite emerging evidence that stem cell fate is controlled by translational mechanisms3,4 . One evolutionarily conserved component of the quality control machinery, Dom34 (in higher eukaryotes known as Pelota (Pelo)), rescues stalled ribosomes 5 . Here we show that Pelo is required for mammalian epidermal homeostasis...
April 11, 2018: Nature
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