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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472149/the-effect-of-parkinson-disease-tremor-phenotype-on-cepstral-peak-prominence-and-transglottal-airflow-in-vowels-and-speech
#1
Brittany R Burk, Christopher R Watts
OBJECTIVES: The physiological manifestations of Parkinson disease are heterogeneous, as evidenced by disease subtypes. Dysphonia has been well documented as an early and progressively significant impairment associated with the disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate how acoustic and aerodynamic measures of vocal function were affected by Parkinson tremor subtype (phenotype) in an effort to better understand the heterogeneity of voice impairment severity in Parkinson disease...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471256/consensus-research-priorities-for-paediatric-status-epilepticus-a-delphi-study-of-health-consumers-researchers-and-clinicians
#2
Jeremy Furyk, Robin Ray, Kerriane Watt, Stuart R Dalziel, Ed Oakely, Mark Mackay, Gabriel Dabscheck, Kate Riney, Franz E Babl
PURPOSE: Status epilepticus (SE) is a paediatric emergency with significant morbidity and mortality. Recommendations beyond first line care are not based on high quality evidence. Emergency physicians and neurologists are key stakeholders in managing this condition. A collaborative, widely consulted approach to identifying priorities can help direct limited research funds appropriately. The objectives of this study are to identify consensus research priorities in paediatric SE among experts and health consumers...
February 5, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469850/watt-level-tunable-narrow-bandwidth-tm-yap-laser-using-a-pair-of-etalons
#3
Uzziel Sheintop, Eytan Perez, Salman Noach
We demonstrated in this paper a watt-level tunable, narrow band, end-pumped Tm:YAP laser. Spectral tunability of 35 nm ranging continuously between 1917-1951 nm with a spectral linewidth of 0.15 nm FWHM was achieved. The tuning and spectral band narrowing were obtained using a pair of YAG etalons. Watt-level output power was measured along the laser tunable range, obtaining a maximal output power of 3.88 W at 1934 nm. A slope efficiency of 44.8% is demonstrated for a maximal absorbed pump power of 12.1 W...
February 20, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469835/design-of-a-high-efficiency-train-headlamp-with-low-power-consumption-using-dual-half-parabolic-aluminized-reflectors
#4
Wei-Lun Liang, Guo-Dung J Su
We propose a train headlamp system using dual half-circular parabolic aluminized reflectors. Each half-circular reflector contains five high-efficiency and small-package light-emitting diode (LED) chips, and the halves are 180° rotationally symmetric. For traffic safety, the headlamp satisfies the Code of Federal Regulations. To predict the pattern of illumination, an analytical derivation is developed for the optical path of a ray that is perpendicular to and emitted from the center of an LED chip. This ray represents the main ray emitted from the LED chip and is located at the maximum illuminance of the spot projected by the LED source onto a screen...
February 20, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467310/whole-body-but-not-hepatic-knockdown-of-chemerin-by-antisense-oligonucleotide-decreases-blood-pressure-in-rats
#5
David J Ferland, Bridget Seitz, Emma S Darios, Janice M Thompson, Steve T Yeh, Adam E Mullick, Stephanie W Watts
Chemerin is an inflammatory adipokine positively associated with hypertension and obesity. The majority of chemerin derives from the liver and adipose tissue, however, their individual contributions to blood pressure are unknown. We began studying chemerin in the normal rat using antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) with whole-body activity (Gen 2.5 chemerin ASO) or liver-restricted activity (GalNAc chemerin ASO). We hypothesized that in normotensive male SD rats, circulating chemerin is predominately liver-derived and regulates blood pressure...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466974/temporary-employment-and-tooth-loss-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-j-shine-study
#6
Yukihiro Sato, Toru Tsuboya, Richard G Watt, Jun Aida, Ken Osaka
BACKGROUND: Temporary employment leads to psychological distress and higher mortality, but data on its associations with oral health is limited. We examined whether having the experience of temporary employment was associated with tooth loss among working adults in Japan. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from the 2010-2011 Japanese Study on Stratification, Health, Income, and Neighborhood study that analyzed 2652 participants aged 25-50 years (men = 1394; women = 1258)...
February 21, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466164/human-neonatal-rotavirus-vaccine-rv3-bb-to-target-rotavirus-from-birth
#7
Julie E Bines, Jarir At Thobari, Cahya Dewi Satria, Amanda Handley, Emma Watts, Daniel Cowley, Hera Nirwati, James Ackland, Jane Standish, Frances Justice, Gabrielle Byars, Katherine J Lee, Graeme L Barnes, Novilia S Bachtiar, Ajeng Viska Icanervilia, Karen Boniface, Nada Bogdanovic-Sakran, Daniel Pavlic, Ruth F Bishop, Carl D Kirkwood, Jim P Buttery, Yati Soenarto
BACKGROUND: A strategy of administering a neonatal rotavirus vaccine at birth to target early prevention of rotavirus gastroenteritis may address some of the barriers to global implementation of a rotavirus vaccine. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in Indonesia to evaluate the efficacy of an oral human neonatal rotavirus vaccine (RV3-BB) in preventing rotavirus gastroenteritis. Healthy newborns received three doses of RV3-BB, administered according to a neonatal schedule (0 to 5 days, 8 weeks, and 14 weeks of age) or an infant schedule (8 weeks, 14 weeks, and 18 weeks of age), or placebo...
February 22, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465666/characteristics-associated-with-delivery-of-an-infant-with-congenital-syphilis-and-missed-opportunities-for-prevention-california-2012-2014
#8
Hope H Biswas, Rilene A Chew Ng, Erin L Murray, Joan M Chow, Juliet E Stoltey, James P Watt, Heidi M Bauer
BACKGROUND: Congenital syphilis (CS), the transmission of Treponema pallidum from mother to fetus during pregnancy, can cause adverse birth outcomes. During 2012-2014, the CS rate in California increased >200% from 6.6 to 20.3 cases per 100,000 live births. Our objectives were to identify characteristics associated with delivering an infant with CS and missed opportunities for prevention among syphilis-infected pregnant women in California. METHODS: We linked California Department of Public Health syphilis surveillance records from women aged 15-45 years - diagnosed during March 13, 2012-December 31, 2014 - to birth records...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465527/what-does-the-evidence-say-about-the-mediterranean-diet
#9
Sharon A Watts, Carl Stevenson, Julianne Patterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465499/pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-advanced-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-referred-for-lung-transplantation
#10
Fabrício Farias da Fontoura, Danilo Cortozi Berton, Guilherme Watte, Juliessa Florian, Sadi Marcelo Schio, José de Jesus Peixoto Camargo, Paulo José Zimermann Teixeira, José da Silva Moreira
PURPOSE: Currently, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has a weak recommendation for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and is often recommended for mild to moderate disease. We aimed to investigate the completion rate of PR in patients with advanced IPF, to analyze whether the severity of disease influences PR response and whether there is any difference between subjects who are able or not able to successfully complete the program. METHODS: Patients with IPF referred to lung transplantation (n = 48) were enrolled in an outpatient PR program including 3 times/wk supervised exercise training during 12 wk...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463566/evaluating-the-inpatient-pediatric-ethical-consultation-service
#11
Kelsey Watt, Matthew P Kirschen, Joel A Friedlander
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric ethical consultation services (ECSs) have been proliferating at medical centers, with little data available on evaluating their implementation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pediatric ECS and understand the ethical issues occurring within a single quaternary-level pediatric hospital. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of documented ethics consultations at a large pediatric hospital from November 2010 to November 2013 was performed and data was abstracted per the US Department of Veterans Affairs' Domains of Ethics in Health Care...
February 20, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463285/network-modules-uncover-mechanisms-of-skeletal-muscle-dysfunction-in-copd-patients
#12
Ákos Tényi, Isaac Cano, Francesco Marabita, Narsis Kiani, Susana G Kalko, Esther Barreiro, Pedro de Atauri, Marta Cascante, David Gomez-Cabrero, Josep Roca
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients often show skeletal muscle dysfunction that has a prominent negative impact on prognosis. The study aims to further explore underlying mechanisms of skeletal muscle dysfunction as a characteristic systemic effect of COPD, potentially modifiable with preventive interventions (i.e. muscle training). The research analyzes network module associated pathways and evaluates the findings using independent measurements. METHODS: We characterized the transcriptionally active network modules of interacting proteins in the vastus lateralis of COPD patients (n = 15, FEV1 46 ± 12% pred, age 68 ± 7 years) and healthy sedentary controls (n = 12, age 65 ± 9  years), at rest and after an 8-week endurance training program...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462470/can-prediction-models-in-primary-care-enable-earlier-diagnosis-of-rare-rheumatic-diseases
#13
Fiona Pearce, Peter C Lanyon, Richard A Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462363/a-gene-regulatory-network-for-cellular-reprogramming-in-plant-regeneration
#14
Momoko Ikeuchi, Michitaro Shibata, Bart Rymen, Akira Iwase, Anne-Maarit Bågman, Lewis Watt, Duncan Coleman, David S Favero, Tatsuya Takahashi, Sebastian E Ahnert, Siobhan M Brady, Keiko Sugimoto
Wounding triggers organ regeneration in many plant species, and application of plant hormones, such as auxin and cytokinin, enhances their regenerative capacities in tissue culture. Recent studies have identified several key players mediating wound- and/or plant hormone-induced cellular reprogramming, but the global architecture of gene regulatory relationships underlying plant cellular reprogramming is still far from clear. In this study, we uncovered a gene regulatory network (GRN) associated with plant cellular reprogramming by using an enhanced yeast one-hybrid (eY1H) screen systematically to identify regulatory relationships between 252 transcription factors (TFs) and 48 promoters...
February 15, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459986/hydroxychloroquine-effectiveness-in-reducing-symptoms-of-hand-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-trial
#15
Sarah R Kingsbury, Puvan Tharmanathan, Ada Keding, Sarah J Ronaldson, Andrew Grainger, Richard J Wakefield, Catherine Arundel, Fraser Birrell, Michael Doherty, Tonia Vincent, Fiona E Watt, Krysia Dziedzic, Terence W O'Neill, Nigel K Arden, David L Scott, John Dickson, Toby Garrood, Michael Green, Ajit Menon, Tom Sheeran, David Torgerson, Philip G Conaghan
Background: Synovitis is believed to play a role in producing symptoms in persons with hand osteoarthritis, but data on slow-acting anti-inflammatory treatments are sparse. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine versus placebo as an analgesic treatment of hand osteoarthritis. Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial with 12-month follow-up. (ISRCTN registry number: ISRCTN91859104). Setting: 13 primary and secondary care centers in England...
February 20, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457842/long-term-outcomes-of-patients-undergoing-simultaneous-liver-transplantation-and-sleeve-gastrectomy
#16
Daniel Zamora-Valdes, Kymberly D Watt, Todd A Kellogg, John J Poterucha, Sara R Di Cecco, Nicki M Francisco-Ziller, Timucin Taner, Charles B Rosen, Julie K Heimbach
BACKGROUND: Obesity is increasingly common before and after liver transplantation (LT), yet optimal management remains unclear. AIM: To analyze the long term outcomes for obese patients undergoing LT including a non-invasive weight loss program and combined LT and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). METHODS: Since 2006, all patients referred for LT with a body mass index (BMI) ≥35 kg/m2 were enrolled. Patients who achieved weight loss (BMI<35) underwent LT alone, and those who did not underwent simultaneous LT+SG...
February 19, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454047/renal-perivascular-adipose-tissue-form-and-function
#17
Carolina Baraldi A Restini, Alex Ismail, Ramya K Kumar, Robert Burnett, Hannah Garver, Gregory D Fink, Stephanie W Watts
Renal sympathetic activity affects blood pressure in part by increasing renovascular resistance via release of norepinephrine (NE) from sympathetic nerves onto renal arteries. Here we test the idea that adipose tissue adjacent to renal blood vessels, i.e. renal perivascular adipose tissue (RPVAT), contains a pool of NE which can be released to alter renal vascular function. RPVAT was obtained from around the main renal artery/vein of the male Sprague Dawley rats. Thoracic aortic PVAT and mesenteric PVAT also were studied as brown-like and white fat comparators respectively...
February 14, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452867/deep-inspiration-breath-hold-level-variability-and-deformation-in-locoregional-breast-irradiation
#18
Leigh Conroy, Sarah Quirk, Elizabeth Watt, Gillian Ecclestone, Jessica L Conway, Ivo A Olivotto, Tien Phan, Wendy L Smith
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dosimetric effect of breath hold level variability and deformation on breast, chest wall, internal mammary chain (IMC) nodes, and heart. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Left-sided post-lumpectomy (n = 12) and postmastectomy (n = 3) patients underwent deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) and exhale breath hold (EBH) computed tomography (CT) scans. Forward-planned locoregional breast plans were created on the DIBH scan...
February 13, 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449505/detection-of-crohn-disease-in-patients-with-spondyloarthropathy-the-space-capsule-study
#19
Uri Kopylov, Michael Starr, Craig Watts, Serge Dionne, Marc Girardin, Ernest G Seidman
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is generally reported to be associated with spondylarthropathies (SpA) in 5%-15% of cases. Systematic colonoscopic assessment by protocol demonstrated mucosal inflammation characteristic of Crohn disease (CD) in up to one-third of patients with SpA. Video capsule endoscopy (CE) is a superior diagnostic tool to detect small bowel mucosal disease. Our study compared the accuracy of CE to standard colonoscopy for detection of inflammatory bowel lesions in patients with SpA, and to describe predictors of small bowel inflammation (SBI) in this cohort...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448708/high-speed-growth-of-zno-nanorods-in-preheating-condition-using-microwave-assisted-growth-method
#20
Hyun Uk Chae, Abu Ul Hassan Sarwar Rana, Ye-Jin Park, Hyun-Seok Kim
In this study, we present the microwave-assisted growth (MAG) of ZnO nanorods (ZNRs) using a preheating hydrothermal method under tailored preheating and postheating growth conditions. The perimeters such as solution concentration, preheating time, and postheating time, were changed to optimize ZNR growth and the growth was carried out in a domestic 850 watt microwave oven. Preheated solution was utilized as an accelerator to increase the aspect ratio of the ZNRs and reduce the fabrication time. Because of a long fabrication time and limited length in the conventional MAG method, preheating condition was used for efficient growth of nanorods through homogeneous nucleation in the solution and then heterogeneous nucleation of the formed ZNRs on seeded substrate during postheating process...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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