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Anion exchange resin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916097/determination-of-99-tc-in-fresh-water-using-tru-resin-by-icp-ms
#1
Nicolas Guérin, Remi Riopel, Sheila Kramer-Tremblay, Nimal de Silva, Jack Cornett, Xiongxin Dai
Technetium-99 ((99)Tc) determination at trace level by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is challenging because there is no readily available appropriate Tc isotopic tracer. A new method using Re as a recovery tracer to determine (99)Tc in fresh water samples, which does not require any evaporation step, was developed. Tc(VII) and Re(VII) were pre-concentrated on a small anion exchange resin (AER) cartridge from one litre of water sample. They were then efficiently eluted from the AER using a potassium permanganate (KMnO4) solution...
October 2, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890550/electrochemical-fluorination-and-radiofluorination-of-methyl-phenylthio-acetate-using-tetrabutylammonium-fluoride-tbaf
#2
Mehrdad Balandeh, Christopher Waldmann, Daniela Shirazi, Adrian Gomez, Alejandra Rios, Nathanael Allison, Asad Khan, Saman Sadeghi
Electrochemical fluorination of methyl(phenylthio)acetate was achieved using tetrabutylammonium fluoride (TBAF). Electrochemical fluorination was performed under potentiostatic anodic oxidation using an undivided cell in acetonitrile containing TBAF and triflic acid. The influence of several parameters including: oxidation potential, time, temperature, sonication, TBAF concentration and triflic acid concentration on fluorination efficiency were studied. It was found that the triflic acid to TBAF concentration ratio plays a key role in the fluorination efficiency...
2017: Journal of the Electrochemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884511/effects-of-ph-conductivity-host-cell-protein-and-dna-size-distribution-on-dna-clearance-in-anion-exchange-chromatography-media
#3
Melani C Stone, Jon Borman, Gisela Ferreira, P David Robbins
Flowthrough anion exchange chromatography is commonly used as a polishing step in downstream processing of monoclonal antibodies and other therapeutic proteins to remove process-related impurities and contaminants such as host cell DNA, host cell proteins, endotoxin, and viruses. DNA with a wide range of molecular weight distributions derived from Chinese Hamster Ovary cells was used to advance the understanding of DNA binding behavior in selected anion exchange media using the resin (Toyopearl SuperQ-650M) and membranes (Mustang® Q and Sartobind(®) Q) through DNA spiking studies...
September 7, 2017: Biotechnology Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871789/production-and-purification-of-the-native-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-hsp12-in-escherichia-coli
#4
Antoine Léger, Agnès Hocquellet, Wilfrid Dieryck, Virginie Moine, Axel Marchal, Philippe Marullo, Annabelle Josseaume, Charlotte Cabanne
Hsp12 is a small heat shock protein produced in many organisms, including the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It has been described as an indicator of yeast stress rate and has also been linked to the sweetness sensation of wine. To obtain a sufficient amount of protein, we produced and purified Hsp12 without tag in Escherichia coli. A simple fast two-step process was developed using a microplate approach and a design of experiments. A capture step on an anion-exchange salt-tolerant resin was followed by size exclusion chromatography for polishing, leading to a purity of 97%...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869668/intermediate-purification-of-cho-derived-recombinant-human-factor-ix-using-hydrophobic-interaction-membrane-based-chromatography-and-its-comparison-to-a-sulfated-resin
#5
Daniel A Ribeiro, Douglas F Passos, Helen C Ferraz, Leda R Castilho
This work investigated the use of hydrophobic interaction membrane chromatography for intermediate purification of recombinant human Factor IX (rFIX) produced by CHO cells. The first purification step was based on a strong anion exchange monolith, thus forming a purification process fully based on convective media, which allow operation at high flow rates and low pressure drops, as well as modular scale-up. Although the starting material was challenging (CHO cell culture supernatant harvested at 70% cell viability), the two-step purification process showed promising results, with a global purification factor of 298, a global recovery of 69%, and DNA and endotoxin levels close to regulatory limits...
September 4, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869054/onsite-defluoridation-system-for-drinking-water-treatment-using-calcium-carbonate
#6
Elaine Y Wong, Michael K Stenstrom
Fluoride in drinking water has several effects on teeth and bones. At concentrations of 1-1.5 mg/L, fluoride can strengthen enamel, improving dental health, but at concentrations above 1.5 to 4 mg/L can cause dental fluorosis. At concentrations of 4-10 mg/L, skeletal fluorosis can occur. There are many areas of the world that have excessive fluoride in drinking water, such as China, India, Sri Lanka, and the Rift Valley countries in Africa. Treatment solutions are needed, especially in poor areas where drinking water treatment plants are not available...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841986/indirect-determination-of-pentaerythritol-tetranitrate-petn-with-a-gold-nanoparticles-based-colorimetric-sensor
#7
Ayşem Üzer, Uğur Yalçın, Ziya Can, Erol Erçağ, Reşat Apak
Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) is the nitrate ester of pentaerythritol, used as an energetic and filling material for military and civilian purposes and rarely for terrorist actions. As there is no reliable nano-colorimetric method for PETN assay, we developed an indirect method based on the determination of nitrite, obtained by reduction of nitrate derived from the alkaline hydrolysis of PETN with H2O2. We colorimetrically determined the final product, nitrite, by both conventional Griess reaction and a recently developed gold nanoparticle-4-aminothiophenol-N-(1-naphthyl)-ethylenediamine (AuNP-4-ATP+NED) method...
December 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822252/removal-of-gadolinium-a-neutron-poison-from-the-moderator-system-of-nuclear-reactors
#8
A L Rufus, Padma S Kumar, K Jeena, S Velmurugan
Gadolinium as gadolinium nitrate is used as neutron poison in the moderator system for regulating and controlling the power generation of Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWR) and proposed to be used in Advanced Heavy Water Reactors (AHWR) owing to its high neutron absorption cross section. Removal of the added gadolinium nitrate (Gd(3+) and NO3(-)) from the system after its intended use is done using ion exchange resins. In the present investigation, attempts have been made to optimize the ion exchange process for generation of low radioactive waste and maximize utilization of the ion exchange resins by employing different types of resins and different modes of operation...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806598/automated-synthesis-of-1-11-c-acetoacetate-on-a-trasis-aio-module
#9
Kiran Kumar Solingapuram Sai, H Donald Gage, Frankis Almaguel, Bryan Neth, Timothy M Hughes, Sebastien Tremblay, Christian-Alexandre Castellano, Stephen C Cunnane, Matthew J Jorgensen, Suzanne Craft, Akiva Mintz
We automated radiochemical synthesis of 1-[(11)C]acetoacetate in a commercially available radiochemistry module, TRASIS AllInOne by [(11)C]carboxylation of the corresponding enolate anion generated in situ from isopropenylacetate and MeLi, and purified by ion-exchange column resins.1-[(11)C]acetoacetate was synthesized with high radiochemical purity (95%) and specific activity (~ 66.6GBq/µmol, n = 30) with 35% radiochemical yield, decay corrected to end of synthesis. The total synthesis required ~ 16min. PET imaging studies were conducted with 1-[(11)C]acetoacetate in vervet monkeys to validate the radiochemical synthesis...
August 2, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764325/anion-exchange-fibers-for-improved-sample-loading-in-ultra-trace-analysis-of-plutonium-by-thermal-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#10
Joseph M Mannion, Charles R Shick, Glenn A Fugate, Brian A Powell, Scott M Husson
A new sample loading procedure was developed for isotope ratio measurements of ultratrace amounts of plutonium with thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS). The goal was to determine the efficacy of a polymer fiber architecture for TIMS sample loading by following similar sample loading procedures as those used in bead loading. Fibers with diameter of approximately 100 μm were prepared from triethylamine-quaternized-poly(vinylbenzyl chloride) cross-linked with diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane. Fiber sections (2...
September 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734959/removal-of-both-n-nitrosodimethylamine-and-trihalomethanes-precursors-in-a-single-treatment-using-ion-exchange-resins
#11
Wilson Beita-Sandí, Tanju Karanfil
Drinking water utilities are relying more than ever on water sources impacted by wastewater effluents. Disinfection/oxidation of these waters during water treatment may lead to the formation of several disinfection by-products, including the probable human carcinogen N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and the regulated trihalomethanes (THMs). In this study, the potential of ion exchange resins to control both NDMA and THMs precursors in a single treatment is presented. Two ion exchange resins were examined, a cation exchange resin (Plus) to target NDMA precursors and an anion exchange resin (MIEX) for THMs precursors control...
July 14, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719875/novel-magnetic-carboxyl-modified-hypercrosslinked-resins-for-effective-removal-of-typical-ppcps
#12
Jing Jin, Tianyu Feng, Yan Ma, Wei Wang, Yunshu Wang, Qing Zhou, Aimin Li
A series of novel magnetic carboxyl modified hypercrosslinked resins were successfully prepared via a sequence of suspension polymerization, hydrolysis and post-crosslinking reactions. The serial resins possessed both high cation exchange capacity and high specific surface area with MA-10 having the supreme specific surface area of 1238.65 m(2)/g and MA-70 having the largest exchange capacity of 6.45 mmol/g. The serial resins exhibited excellent adsorption capacity of typical PPCPs including chloramphenicol, atenolol, ibuprofen and tetracycline, which were neutral, cationic, anionic and zwitterionic respectively in natural water...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696165/quantifying-the-performance-of-a-hybrid-anion-exchanger-adsorbent-for-phosphorus-removal-using-mass-spectrometry-coupled-with-batch-kinetic-trials
#13
Benjamin D Martin, Lueta De Kock, Maxime Gallot, Elodie Guery, Sylvain Stanowski, Jitka MacAdam, Ewan J McAdam, Simon A Parsons, Bruce Jefferson
Increasingly stricter phosphorus discharge limits represent a significant challenge for the wastewater industry. Hybrid media comprising anionic exchange resins with dispersions of hydrated ferric oxide nanoparticles have been shown to selectively remove phosphorus from wastewaters, and display greater capacity and operational capability than both conventional treatment techniques and other ferric-based adsorbent materials. Spectrographic analyses of the internal surfaces of a hybrid media during kinetic experiments show that the adsorption of phosphorus is very rapid, utilising 54% of the total capacity of the media within the first 15 min and 95% within the first 60 min...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685504/statins-for-children-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#14
REVIEW
Alpo Vuorio, Jaana Kuoppala, Petri T Kovanen, Steve E Humphries, Serena Tonstad, Albert Wiegman, Euridiki Drogari, Uma Ramaswami
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia is one of the most common inherited metabolic diseases and is an autosomal dominant disorder meaning heterozygotes, or carriers, are affected. Those who are homozygous have severe disease. The average worldwide prevalence of heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia is at least 1 in 500, although recent genetic epidemiological data from Denmark and next generation sequencing data suggest the frequency may be closer to 1 in 250. Diagnosis of familial hypercholesterolemia in children is based on elevated total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels or DNA-based analysis, or both...
July 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640914/kinetic-analysis-of-an-anion-exchange-absorbent-for-co2-capture-from-ambient-air
#15
Xiaoyang Shi, Qibin Li, Tao Wang, Klaus S Lackner
This study reports a preparation method of a new moisture swing sorbent for CO2 capture from air. The new sorbent components include ion exchange resin (IER) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) as a binder. The IER can absorb CO2 when surrounding is dry and release CO2 when surrounding is wet. The manuscript presents the studies of membrane structure, kinetic model of absorption process, performance of desorption process and the diffusivity of water molecules in the CO2 absorbent. It has been proved that the kinetic performance of CO2 absorption/desorption can be improved by using thin binder and hot water treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619052/heterologous-expression-of-an-%C3%AE-amylase-inhibitor-from-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-in-kluyveromyces-lactis-and-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#16
Stephanie Brain-Isasi, Alejandro Álvarez-Lueje, Thomas Joseph V Higgins
BACKGROUND: Phaseolamin or α-amylase inhibitor 1 (αAI) is a glycoprotein from common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) that inhibits some insect and mammalian α-amylases. Several clinical studies support the beneficial use of bean αAI for control of diabetes and obesity. Commercial extracts of P. vulgaris are available but their efficacy is still under question, mainly because some of these extracts contain antinutritional impurities naturally present in bean seeds and also exhibit a lower specific activity αAI...
June 15, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618381/magnetic-recyclable-bismuth-oxyiodide-polyacrylic-anion-exchange-resin-composites-with-enhanced-photocatalytic-activity-under-visible-light
#17
Jingjing Zheng, Zhengbo Jiao
A series of magnetic recyclable bismuth oxyiodide (BiOI)/polyacrylic anion exchange resin (PAER) composites with visible light responses have been synthesized for the first time through a facile and low-cost method at normal temperature. The photocatalytic performances of BiOI/PAER composites were evaluated by photodegrading 1-amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid under visible light. It was found that 1-amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (H-acid) removal rate reached to 90.1% (BiOI/PAER-2), which was higher than the pure BiOI (50...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600665/determination-of-degradation-kinetics-and-effect-of-anion-exchange-resin-on-dissolution-of-novel-anticancer-drug-rigosertib-in-acidic-conditions
#18
Hardikkumar H Patel, Manoj Maniar, Chen Ren, Rutesh H Dave
Rigosertib is a novel anticancer drug in clinical development by Onconova therapeutics, Inc. Currently, it is in pivotal phase III clinical trials for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. Chemically, it is a sodium salt of weak acid with low solubility in lower pH solutions. In the preliminary studies, it was found that rigosertib is unstable in acidic conditions and forms multiple degradation products. In this research, drug degradation kinetics of rigosertib were studied in acidic conditions. Rigosertib follows pseudo-first-order general acid catalysis reaction...
June 9, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599363/ranking-traditional-and-nano-enabled-sorbents-for-simultaneous-removal-of-arsenic-and-chromium-from-simulated-groundwater
#19
Mac Gifford, Kiril Hristovski, Paul Westerhoff
Water from many municipal and private wells are treated to meet arsenic (As(V)) regulations, and new regulations for hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) are soon possible. Rather than adding costly capital infrastructure, we explored many types of sorbents' ability to remove both oxygenated anions simultaneously. In laboratory pseudo-equilibrium tests, metal (hydr)oxide sorbents demonstrated high affinity for As(V) but exhibited 30 to 100-fold lower capacities to remove Cr(VI). WBAX resins had some ability to sorb both Cr(VI) and As(V), but competing anions lowered their sorption capacity for As(V) by >90% compared to in a deionized water matrix...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599261/secretory-immunoglobulin-purification-from-whey-by-chromatographic-techniques
#20
Alexander Matlschweiger, Hannah Engelmaier, Gottfried Himmler, Rainer Hahn
Secretory immunoglobulins (SIg) are a major fraction of the mucosal immune system and represent potential drug candidates. So far, platform technologies for their purification do not exist. SIg from animal whey was used as a model to develop a simple, efficient and potentially generic chromatographic purification process. Several chromatographic stationary phases were tested. A combination of two anion-exchange steps resulted in the highest purity. The key step was the use of a small-porous anion exchanger operated in flow-through mode...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
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