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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236236/the-co-evolution-of-bullying-perpetration-homophobic-teasing-and-a-school-friendship-network
#1
Gabriel J Merrin, Kayla de la Haye, Dorothy L Espelage, Brett Ewing, Joan S Tucker, Matthew Hoover, Harold D Green
Bullying and homophobic teasing behaviors affect the lives of many school aged children, often co-occur, and tend to peak in middle school. While bullying and homophobic teasing behaviors are known to be peer group phenomena, studies typically examine the associations at the individual or school levels. An examination of these behaviors at the peer group level can aid in our understanding of the formation and maintenance of peer groups that engage in these forms of aggressive behavior (selection), and the extent to which friends and the peer group impact individual rates of these aggressive behaviors (influence)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236192/inhibitory-effect-of-streptococci-on-the-growth-of-m-catarrhalis-strains-and-the-diversity-of-putative-bacteriocin-like-gene-loci-in-the-genomes-of-s-pneumoniae-and-its-relatives
#2
L N Ikryannikova, M V Malakhova, G G Lominadze, I Yu Karpova, E S Kostryukova, N A Mayansky, A N Kruglov, E A Klimova, E S Lisitsina, E N Ilina, V M Govorun
S. pneumoniae is a facultative human pathogen causing a wide range of infections including the life-threatening pneumoniae or meningitis. It colonizes nasopharynx as well as its closest phylogenetic relatives S. pseudopneumoniae and S. mitis. Both the latter, despite the considerable morphological and phenotypic similarity with the pneumococcus, are considerably less pathogenic for humans and cause infections mainly in the immunocompromized hosts. In this work, we compared the inhibitory effect of S. pneumoniae and its relatives on the growth of Moraxella catarrhalis strains using the culture-based antagonistic test...
December 13, 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235506/differential-contributions-of-the-middle-frontal-gyrus-functional-connectivity-to-literacy-and-numeracy
#3
Maki S Koyama, David O'Connor, Zarrar Shehzad, Michael P Milham
Literacy and numeracy equally affect an individual's success in and beyond schools, but these two competencies tend to be separately examined, particularly in neuroimaging studies. The current resting-state fMRI study examined the neural correlates of literacy and numeracy in the same sample of healthy adults. We first used an exploratory "Multivariate Distance Matrix Regression" (MDMR) approach to examine intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC), highlighting the middle frontal gyrus (MFG) for both competencies...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235167/care-for-child-development-an-intervention-in-support-of-responsive-caregiving-and-early-child-development
#4
J E Lucas, L M Richter, B Daelmans
BACKGROUND: An estimated 43% of children younger than 5 years of age are at elevated risk of failing to achieve their human potential. In response, the World Health Organization and UNICEF developed Care for Child Development (CCD), based on the science of child development, to improve sensitive and responsive caregiving and promote the psychosocial development of young children. METHODS: In 2015, the World Health Organization and UNICEF identified sites where CCD has been implemented and sustained...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235164/boosting-bifunctional-oxygen-electrocatalysis-with-3d-graphene-aerogel-supported-ni-mno-particles
#5
Gengtao Fu, Xiaoxiao Yan, Yifan Chen, Lin Xu, Dongmei Sun, Jong-Min Lee, Yawen Tang
Electrocatalysts for oxygen-reduction and oxygen-evolution reactions (ORR and OER) are crucial for metal-air batteries, where more costly Pt- and Ir/Ru-based materials are the benchmark catalysts for ORR and OER, respectively. Herein, for the first time Ni is combined with MnO species, and a 3D porous graphene aerogel-supported Ni/MnO (Ni-MnO/rGO aerogel) bifunctional catalyst is prepared via a facile and scalable hydrogel route. The synthetic strategy depends on the formation of a graphene oxide (GO) crosslinked poly(vinyl alcohol) hydrogel that allows for the efficient capture of highly active Ni/MnO particles after pyrolysis...
December 13, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233664/performance-of-a-prostate-cancer-genomic-classifier-in-predicting-metastasis-in-men-with-prostate-specific-antigen-persistence-postprostatectomy
#6
Daniel E Spratt, Darlene L Y Dai, Robert B Den, Patricia Troncoso, Kasra Yousefi, Ashley E Ross, Edward M Schaeffer, Zaid Haddad, Elai Davicioni, Rohit Mehra, Todd M Morgan, Walter Rayford, Firas Abdollah, Edouard Trabulsi, Mary Achim, Elsa Li Ning Tapia, Mireya Guerrero, Robert Jeffrey Karnes, Adam P Dicker, Mark A Hurwitz, Paul L Nguyen, Felix F Y Feng, Stephen J Freedland, John W Davis
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer patients who have a detectable prostate-specific antigen (PSA) postprostatectomy may harbor pre-existing metastatic disease. To our knowledge, none of the commercially available genomic biomarkers have been investigated in such men. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if a 22-gene genomic classifier can independently predict development of metastasis in men with PSA persistence postoperatively. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A multi-institutional study of 477 men who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) between 1990 and 2015 from three academic centers...
December 9, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233444/assessing-a-traditional-case-based-application-exercise-and-a-student-question-creation-exercise-on-student-performance-and-perceptions
#7
Amulya Tatachar, Carol Kominski
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To compare the impact of a traditional case-based application exercise with a student question creation exercise on a) student exam performance, b) student perceptions of enjoyment, competence, understanding, effort, interest in continuing participation, and interest in the subject. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Subjects were 84 second-year pharmacy students in a pharmacotherapy course. The research focus was active learning involving the topic of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233425/examining-differences-between-p1-versus-p2-students-as-teaching-assistants-in-a-p1-skills-based-course
#8
Suzanne M Galal, John K Mayberry, Anita Wang, Thao Tran
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess differences between the use of first-year (P1; "peer") versus second-year (P2; "near-peer") students as teaching assistants (TA) in a first-year, skills-based course. METHODS: The practicum course assesses competence in the provision of screening services and patient counseling. TAs review weekly material followed by a one-on-one assessment of each student using a grading rubric. Both qualitative and quantitative data were analyzed to determine if there was a difference in performance between the peer and near-peer teaching assistants...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233415/development-and-evaluation-of-an-intermediate-level-elective-course-on-medical-spanish-for-pharmacy-students
#9
Robert Mueller
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Spanish-speaking population in the United States is increasing rapidly, and there is a need for additional educational efforts, beyond teaching basic medical Spanish terminology, to increase the number of Spanish-speaking pharmacists able to provide culturally appropriate care to this patient population. This article describes the development and evaluation of an intermediate-level elective course where students integrated pharmacy practice skills with Spanish-language skills and cultural competency...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233414/teaching-drug-utilization-review-skills-via-a-simulated-clinical-decision-making-exercise
#10
Cortney M Mospan, Katelyn M Alexander
BACKGROUND: Drug utilization review (DUR) is a central role of the pharmacist, especially within the community pharmacy setting. Previous literature has shown risk of "alert fatigue", supporting the necessity of pharmacists to utilize a step-wise approach in evaluation of drug therapy during the verification process. Many students are intimidated by this process, and may lack verification practice or experience until their first day as a licensed pharmacist. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: An innovative skills-based laboratory exercise was developed for third-year pharmacy students to develop DUR skills...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233378/a-team-based-interprofessional-education-course-for-first-year-health-professions-students
#11
Michael J Peeters, Martha Sexton, Alexia E Metz, Carol S Hasbrouck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Interprofessional education (IPE) is required within pharmacy education, and should include classroom-based education along with experiential interprofessional collaboration. For classroom-based education, small-group learning environments may create a better platform for engaging students in the essential domain of interprofessional collaboration towards meaningful learning within IPE sub-domains (interprofessional communication, teams and teamwork, roles and responsibilities, and values and ethics)...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233319/student-perceptions-of-digital-badges-in-a-drug-information-and-literature-evaluation-course
#12
Jay R Fajiculay, Bhavini T Parikh, Casey V Wright, Amy Heck Sheehan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe student perceptions of implementation of digital badges in a drug information and literature evaluation course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Two digital badges were developed as voluntary learning opportunities. Student perceptions were obtained through pre- and post-survey instruments consisting of selected questions from the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. FINDINGS: The response rate was 69% (106/153)...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233311/development-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-service-learning-series-for-pharmacy-students-using-a-public-health-tool
#13
Katura C Bullock
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe the utility of the Assessment, Development, Assurance: Pharmacist's Tool (ADAPT) during the design, delivery, and assessment of service-learning events by pharmacy students. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The ADAPT instrument was used to develop a series of five service-learning events that featured a health promotion program delivered by 19 pharmacy students and attended by over 200 senior citizens at local senior centers...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233290/an-evaluation-of-the-opportunities-for-collaborative-practice-occurring-in-and-the-impact-of-interprofessional-education-on-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experiences
#14
Elena M Umland, Jonathan Valenzano, Caitlin Brown, Carolyn Giordano
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of interprofessional (IP) education (IPE) programs during the first three years of a four-year doctor of pharmacy program on student preparedness and ability to function as a collaborative team member and to garner student feedback on collaboration experienced during the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPEs). INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION ACTIVITY: Likert scale based statements and open-ended questions were added to the student course evaluations for the APPEs for two graduating classes of students...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233272/stakeholders-perceptions-on-competency-and-assessment-program-of-entry-level-pharmacists-in-developing-countries
#15
Isaac Asante, Irene Andoh, Arno M M Muijtjens, Jeroen Donkers
OBJECTIVES: To assess the stakeholders' perceptions on the competency of entry-level pharmacists and the use of written licensure examination as the primary assessment for licensure decisions on entry-level pharmacists who have completed the Pharmacy Internship Program1 (PIP) in developing countries. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among stakeholders in which they completed a web-based 21-item pre-tested questionnaire to determine their views regarding the competency outcomes and assessment program for entry-level pharmacist...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233149/advances-in-clinical-pharmacy-education-in-germany-a-quasi-experimental-single-blinded-study-to-evaluate-a-patient-centred-clinical-pharmacy-course-in-psychiatry
#16
Monika Dircks, Andreas Mayr, Annette Freidank, Johannes Kornhuber, Frank Dörje, Kristina Friedland
BACKGROUND: The pharmacy profession has shifted towards patient-centred care. To meet the new challenges it is necessary to provide students with clinical competencies. A quasi-experimental single-blinded teaching and learning study was carried out using a parallel-group design to evaluate systematically the benefits of clinical teaching in pharmacy education in Germany. METHODS: A clinical pharmacy course on a psychiatric ward was developed and implemented for small student groups...
December 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230916/the-relationship-between-emotional-experience-with-dyslexia-and-work-self-efficacy-among-adults-with-dyslexia
#17
Blace A Nalavany, Julie M Logan, Lena W Carawan
This study responds to a call for more research on working adults with dyslexia investigating how employment-related factors affect and relate to one another. Two important work-related factors are self-efficacy and emotional experience with dyslexia. Work self-efficacy is viewed one of the most vital intrapersonal capacities in the work environment. It can be viewed as a subjective indicator of work success and is conceptualized as a multidimensional construct. Research speaks to a unique emotional experience stemming from living with an often misunderstood and stereotyped learning difference...
December 12, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230517/-mentoring-for-medical-students-description-and-evaluation-of-a%C3%A2-differentiated-mentoring-program-at-a%C3%A2-medical-school
#18
REVIEW
Corinna Bergelt, Ines Heinen, Jennifer Guse
In recent years, mentoring programs for medical students have been increasingly implemented in medical schools in Germany. This article describes a voluntary mentoring program for students, which is differentiated into a common mentoring program (AP), a mentoring program for excellent students (EP) and a mentoring plus program (PP) for students with academic difficulties, and its evaluation.The evaluation is based on annual evaluation surveys among the participating mentees, who evaluate the mentoring relationship as well as the impact on their studies...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230515/-competence-based-assessment-in-the-national-licensing-examination-in-germany
#19
REVIEW
Jana Jünger
In Germany, future physicians have to pass a national licensing examination at the end of their medical studies. Passing this examination is the requirement for the license to practice medicine. The Masterplan Medizinstudium 2020 with its 41 measures aims to shift the paradigm in medical education and medical licensing examinations.The main goals of the Masterplan include the development towards competency-based and practical medical education and examination as well as the strengthening of general medicine...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230320/factors-promoting-and-inhibiting-sustained-impact-of-a-mental-health-task-shifting-program-for-hiv-providers-in-ethiopia
#20
D Jerene, M Biru, A Teklu, T Rehman, A Ruff, L Wissow
Background: Task-shifting mental health into general medical care requires more than brief provider training. Generalists need long-term support to master new skills and changes to work context are required to sustain change in the face of competing priorities. We examined program and context factors promoting sustainability of a mental health task-shifting training for hospital-based HIV providers in Ethiopia. Methods: Convergent mixed-methods quasi-experimental study...
2017: Global Mental Health
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