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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109212/two-structure-thermodynamics-for-the-tip4p-2005-model-of-water-covering-supercooled-and-deeply-stretched-regions
#1
John W Biddle, Rakesh S Singh, Evan M Sparano, Francesco Ricci, Miguel A González, Chantal Valeriani, José L F Abascal, Pablo G Debenedetti, Mikhail A Anisimov, Frédéric Caupin
One of the most promising frameworks for understanding the anomalies of cold and supercooled water postulates the existence of two competing, interconvertible local structures. If the non-ideality in the Gibbs energy of mixing overcomes the ideal entropy of mixing of these two structures, a liquid-liquid phase transition, terminated at a liquid-liquid critical point, is predicted. Various versions of the "two-structure equation of state" (TSEOS) based on this concept have shown remarkable agreement with both experimental data for metastable, deeply supercooled water and simulations of molecular water models...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108844/cultural-identity-among-afghan-and-iraqi-traumatized-refugees-towards-a-conceptual-framework-for-mental-health-care-professionals
#2
Simon P N Groen, Annemiek Richters, Cornelis J Laban, Walter L J M Devillé
Cultural identity in relation with mental health is of growing interest in the field of transcultural psychiatry. However, there is a need to clarify the concept of cultural identity in order to make it useful in clinical practice. The purpose of this study is to unravel the complexity and many layers of cultural identity, and to assess how stress and acculturation relate to (changes in) cultural identity. As part of a larger study about cultural identity, trauma, and mental health, 85 patients from Afghanistan and Iraq in treatment for trauma-related disorders were interviewed with a Brief Cultural Interview...
January 20, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108307/the-impact-of-a-predator-on-the-outcome-of-competition-in-the-three-trophic-food-web
#3
Partha Sharathi Dutta, Bob W Kooi, Ulrike Feudel
We study the effects of predation on the competition of prey populations for two resources in a chemostat. We investigate a variety of small food web compositions: the bi-trophic food web (two resources-two competing prey) and the three-trophic food web (two resources - two prey - generalist predator) comparing different model formulations: substitutable resources and essential resources, namely Liebig's minimum law model (perfect essential resources) and complementary resources formulations. The prediction of the outcome of competition is solely based on bifurcation analysis in which the inflow of resources into the chemostat is used as the bifurcation parameter...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107819/mc-genomekey-a-multicloud-system-for-the-detection-and-annotation-of-genomic-variants
#4
Hatem Elshazly, Yassine Souilmi, Peter J Tonellato, Dennis P Wall, Mohamed Abouelhoda
BACKGROUND: Next Generation Genome sequencing techniques became affordable for massive sequencing efforts devoted to clinical characterization of human diseases. However, the cost of providing cloud-based data analysis of the mounting datasets remains a concerning bottleneck for providing cost-effective clinical services. To address this computational problem, it is important to optimize the variant analysis workflow and the used analysis tools to reduce the overall computational processing time, and concomitantly reduce the processing cost...
January 20, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107694/evaluation-in-the-field-of-social-services-for-minors-measuring-the-efficacy-of-interventions-in-the-italian-service-for-health-protection-and-promotion
#5
Antonio Iudici, Agnese Gagliardo Corsi
This article presents the availment of a new Methodology for the efficacy evaluation of interventions in the field of social science: the Method of Computerized Textual Data Analysis (M.A.D.I.T.). In the beginning, we present some elements of the international and Italian legislation referred to the efficacy evaluation and about the child protection. Subsequently this work describes the process of efficacy evaluation of an intervention of minor protection delivered by a public Italian Service, the Minor and Family Service, MiFa...
November 30, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106637/educating-nurses-in-the-united-states-about-pressure-injuries
#6
Elizabeth A Ayello, Karen Zulkowski, Elizabeth Capezuti, Wendy Harris Jicman, R Gary Sibbald
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information about the current state of educating nurses about wound care and pressure injuries with recommendations for the future. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1...
February 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106596/competences-in-social-media-use-in-the-area-of-health-and-healthcare
#7
Pirkko Kouri, Marja-Liisa Rissanen, Patrick Weber, Hyeoun-Ae Park
In today's life, social media offer new working ways. People are increasingly expanding interactions from face-to-face meetings to online ways of communication, networking, searching, creating and sharing information, and furthermore taking care of patients/citizens via tweeting care, Facebook care, blogging care, vlogging care, infotainment care, gamification-care, infographic care, for instance. This chapter discusses the utilisation of social media in the healthcare domain including nursing education, practice and research...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106589/from-entry-to-practice-to-advanced-nurse-practitioner-the-progression-of-competencies-and-how-they-assist-in-delivery-of-ehealth-programs-for-healthy-ageing
#8
Daragh Rodger, Pamela Hussey
Most of the health issues encountered in persons of older age are the result of one or more chronic diseases. The evidence base reports that chronic diseases can be prevented or delayed by engaging in healthy behaviors. Education provides a cost effective intervention on both economic grounds in addition to delivery of optimal patient outcomes. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) increasingly is viewed as a critical utility in eHealth delivery, providing scope for expanding online education facilities for older persons...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106588/technology-based-healthcare-for-nursing-education-within-the-netherlands-past-present-and-future
#9
Ybranda Koster, Cornelis T M van Houwelingen
At the present time, nearly all Dutch nursing schools are searching for suitable ways to implement technology-based healthcare in their curriculum. Some Universities chose elective education, others a mandatory solution. Several studies were executed to determine competencies needed by nurses in order to work with technology-based healthcare. In 2016 a nationwide new curriculum for nurses has been published. Providing technology-based healthcare is included under the core competencies of this new curriculum...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106582/nursing-informatics-competencies-for-entry-to-practice-the-perspective-of-six-countries
#10
Michelle L L Honey, Diane J Skiba, Paula Procter, Joanne Foster, Pirkko Kouri, Lynn M Nagle
Internationally, countries are challenged to prepare nurses for a future that has ever increasing use of technology and where information management is a central part of professional nursing practice. There has been a growing trend to move nursing to competency-based education, especially for those students undertaking their first nursing qualification. This first nursing qualification may be linked to pre-registration, pre-licensure or undergraduate education; the term used depending on the country. The authors are drawn from the International Medical Informatics Association special interest group, Nursing Informatics (IMIA-NI) Education Working Group and represent New Zealand, the United States of America, England, Australia, Finland and Canada...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104697/male-birthweight-semen-quality-and-birth-outcomes
#11
B W Whitcomb, M S Bloom, S Kim, Z Chen, G M Buck Louis
STUDY QUESTION: What are the relations among birthweight (BW), semen parameters and birth outcomes in a population-based sample? SUMMARY ANSWER: BW is unrelated to semen parameters, which are in turn unrelated to birth outcomes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In clinical settings, there has been suggestion that semen parameters are related to BW when comparing fertile and infertile men; however, findings have been less clear in more general populations...
January 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102467/mypod-an-emr-based-tool-that-facilitates-quality-improvement-and-maintenance-of-certification
#12
Loren Berman, Brian Duffy, B Randall Brenn, Charles Vinocur
Maintenance of Certification (MOC) was designed to assess physician competencies including operative case volume and outcomes. This information, if collected consistently and systematically, can be used to facilitate quality improvement. Information automatically extracted from the electronic medical record (EMR) can be used as a prompt to compile these data. We developed an EMR-based program called MyPOD (My Personal Outcomes Data) to track surgical outcomes at our institution. We compared occurrences reported in the first 18 months to those captured in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (ACS NSQIP-P) over the same time period...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100617/differences-in-glycoprotein-complex-gpc-receptor-binding-site-accessibility-prompt-poor-cross-reactivity-of-neutralizing-antibodies-between-closely-related-arenaviruses
#13
Rachel B Brouillette, Elisabeth K Phillips, Natarajan Ayithan, Wendy Maury
: The glycoprotein complex (GPC) of arenaviruses, composed of stable signal peptide (SSP), GP1, and GP2, is the only antigen correlated with antibody-mediated neutralization. However, despite strong cross-reactivity of convalescent antisera between related arenavirus species, weak or no cross-neutralization occurs. Two closely related Clade B viruses, Machupo virus (MACV) and Junín virus (JUNV), have near identical overall GPC architecture and share a host receptor, transferrin receptor 1...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100204/acceptance-and-attitudes-of-healthcare-staff-towards-the-introduction-of-clinical-pharmacy-service-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-sri-lanka
#14
Lelwala Guruge Thushani Shanika, Chandrani Nirmala Wijekoon, Shaluka Jayamanne, Judith Coombes, Ian Coombes, Nilani Mamunuwa, Andrew Hamilton Dawson, Hithanadura Asita De Silva
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary patient management including a clinical pharmacist shows an improvement in patient quality use of medicine. Implementation of a clinical pharmacy service represents a significant novel change in practice in Sri Lanka. Although attitudes of doctors and nurses are an important determinant of successful implementation, there is no Sri Lankan data about staff attitudes to such changes in clinical practice. This study determines the level of acceptance and attitudes of doctors and nurses towards the introduction of a ward-based clinical pharmacy service in Sri Lanka...
January 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100143/end-of-life-in-high-security-prisons-in-switzerland
#15
Irene Marti, Ueli Hostettler, Marina Richter
Similar to other institutions, the Swiss prison system faces a growing number of elderly prisoners, trends toward securitization, and, in consequence, more prisoners who will spend the end-of-life (EOL) period of time in prison. By law, prisoners should have the same access to care as the rest of the population. However, custody makes meeting the demands of medical and palliative care difficult. This article focuses on the organizational challenges related to EOL care. Based on ethnographic and documentary research, it examines the institutional logic of the prison and the competing "new" logic emerging with EOL care...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099491/death-of-monocytes-through-oxidative-burst-of-macrophages-and-neutrophils-killing-in-trans
#16
Viviane Ponath, Bernd Kaina
Monocytes and their descendants, macrophages, play a key role in the defence against pathogens. They also contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. Therefore, a mechanism maintaining a balance in the monocyte/macrophage population must be postulated. Our previous studies have shown that monocytes are impaired in DNA repair, rendering them vulnerable to genotoxic stress while monocyte-derived macrophages are DNA repair competent and genotoxic stress-resistant. Based on these findings, we hypothesized that monocytes can be selectively killed by reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by activated macrophages...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099326/implementation-of-a-needs-based-online-feedback-tool-for-anesthesia-residents-with-subsequent-mapping-of-the-feedback-to-the-acgme-milestones
#17
Pedro Tanaka, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Kim Walker, Jennifer Zocca, Lena Scotto, Alyssa L Bogetz, Alex Macario
BACKGROUND: Optimizing feedback that residents receive from faculty is important for learning. The goals of this study were to (1) conduct focus groups of anesthesia residents to define what constitutes optimal feedback; (2) develop, test, and implement a web-based feedback tool; and (3) then map the contents of the written comments collected on the feedback tool to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) anesthesiology milestones. METHODS: All 72 anesthesia residents in the program were invited to participate in 1 of 5 focus groups scheduled over a 2-month period...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099309/the-core-competencies-for-general-orthopaedic-surgeons
#18
James F Kellam, Douglas Archibald, James W Barber, Eugene P Christian, Richard J D'Ascoli, Richard J Haynes, Suzanne S Hecht, Shepard R Hurwitz, James F Kellam, Alexander C McLaren, Terrance D Peabody, Stephen R Southworth, Robert W Strauss, Veronica M R Wadey
BACKGROUND: With the changing delivery of orthopaedic surgical care, there is a need to define the knowledge and competencies that are expected of an orthopaedist providing general and/or acute orthopaedic care. This article provides a proposal for the knowledge and competencies needed for an orthopaedist to practice general and/or acute care orthopaedic surgery. METHODS: Using the modified Delphi method, the General Orthopaedic Competency Task Force consisting of stakeholders associated with general orthopaedic practice has proposed the core knowledge and competencies that should be maintained by orthopaedists who practice emergency and general orthopaedic surgery...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099177/medical-students-perspectives-on-implementing-curriculum-change-at-one-institution
#19
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Courtney E Baker, Kimberly D Lomis
Training physicians to be effective practitioners throughout their careers begins in undergraduate medical education with particular focus on self-directed inquiry, professional and interprofessional development, and competency-based assessment. A select number of medical schools are restructuring their curricula by placing the student at the center of content delivery to enhance the learning experience. While this restructuring may benefit the adult learner, administrators often make assumptions about how students will perceive and respond to such innovative and unfamiliar educational concepts...
January 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098980/ruthenium-ii-complex-based-luminescent-bifunctional-probe-for-ag-and-phosphate-ions-ag-assisted-detection-and-imaging-of-rrna
#20
Sanjoy Kumar Sheet, Bhaskar Sen, Romita Thounaojam, Kripamoy Aguan, Snehadrinarayan Khatua
A new bis-heteroleptic Ru(II) complex (1) of benzimidazole-substituted 1,2,3-triazole pyridine ligand has been designed and constructed for the photoluminescent detection of cationic and anionic analytes, Ag(+) and phosphate ions. Compound, 1[PF6]2 was fully characterized by various spectroscopic techniques and the solid-state structure was determined via single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The cation and anion sensing properties in 50% aqueous buffer (pH 9.2) and pure acetonitrile were carefully examined in photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy...
January 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
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