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asthma diagnosis pediatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876585/pediatric-asthma-health-disparities-race-hardship-housing-and-asthma-in-a-national-survey
#1
Helen K Hughes, Elizabeth C Matsui, Megan M Tschudy, Craig E Pollack, Corinne A Keet
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine if racial disparities in pediatric asthma are explained by material hardship and home ownership. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of the 2011 American Housing Survey. 33,201 households with children age 6-17 years were surveyed regarding childhood asthma diagnosis and ED visits for asthma (for the youngest child with asthma in the household). Material hardship included poor housing quality, housing crowding, lack of amenities, and no vehicle access...
November 19, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845473/preliminary-analysis-of-the-respiratory-disease-based-on-hospital-discharge-records-in-the-province-of-l-aquila-abruzzo-italy
#2
L Fabiani, L Mammarella, P Vittorini, F Zazzara, F Di Orio
BACKGROUND: The hospital discharge records (HDRs), integrated by other electronic health archives, besides some contra, can be a valuable and low-cost tool for monitoring public health. METHODS: Throughout a retrospective cohort study, we analyzed all hospitalizations in ordinary regime from the HDRs database of the residents in the province of L'Aquila, with the exception of day hospital, rehabilitation and long-hospital stay between 2008 and 2013, with a principal diagnosis of respiratory disease of 460 to 519, according to the ICD-9-CM...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801958/nasal-obstructive-disorders-induce-medical-treatment-failure-in-pediatric-persistent-allergic-rhinitis-the-nodpar-study
#3
Franklin S Mariño-Sánchez, Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Karen Ruiz-Echevarría, Isam Alobid, Paulina Cardenas-Escalante, Rosa Jiménez-Feijoo, Jaime Lozano-Blasco, María T Giner-Muñoz, Jesús Rodríguez-Jorge, Oliver Haag, Ana M Plaza-Martin, Joaquim Mullol
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common chronic disease among children. To characterize the disease, a modified classification of severity (m-ARIA) has recently been validated in AR children. When medical treatment fails, surgery for nasal obstructive disorders (NOD) may be a therapeutic option. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of NOD and their influence in medical treatment response among children with persistent AR (PER). METHODS: In a prospective, real-life study, 130 pediatric PER patients (13...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787950/validation-of-the-pediatric-sleep-questionnaire-in-children-with-asthma
#4
Zarmina Ehsan, Carolyn M Kercsmar, Jennifer Collins, Narong Simakajornboon
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is higher in children with poorly controlled asthma. We aimed to determine the validity of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) to screen for OSA in children with asthma. METHODS: This retrospective review encompassed sleep studies and medical records of asthmatic children evaluated in the sleep center at CCHMC over 13 years. Measures of validity were calculated using various cut-off values for obstructive apnea-hypopnea index (OI; >1, >2, >5) and PSQ scores (>0...
October 27, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780380/a-web-based-educational-video-to-improve-asthma-knowledge-for-limited-english-proficiency-latino-caregivers
#5
Antonio Riera, Agueda Ocasio, Gunjan Tiyyagura, Anita Thomas, Patricia Goncalves, Lauren Krumeich, Kyle Ragins, Sandra Trevino, Federico E Vaca
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate limited English proficiency (LEP) Latino caregiver asthma knowledge after exposure to an educational video designed for this target group. METHODS: A cross-sectional, interventional study was performed. We aimed to evaluate the post-test impact on asthma knowledge from baseline after exposure to a patient-centered, evidence-based, and professionally produced Spanish asthma educational video. Participants included LEP Latino caregivers of children 2-12 years old with persistent asthma...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741074/using-pleth-variability-as-a-triage-tool-for-children-with-obstructive-airway-disease-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#6
Ariel Brandwein, Kavita Patel, Myriam Kline, Peter Silver, Sandeep Gangadharan
OBJECTIVES: Patients with obstructive airway disease have varying degrees of pulsus paradoxus that correlate with illness severity. Pulsus paradoxus can be measured using plethysmography. We investigated whether plethysmograph (pleth) variability on admission to the pediatric emergency department (ED) could predict patient disposition. We hypothesized that patients with a larger pleth variability would have a higher likelihood of being admitted to a general pediatrics unit or the intensive care unit (ICU)...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729125/paradoxical-vocal-fold-motion-in-children-presenting-with-exercise-induced-dyspnea
#7
Anne Hseu, Mykayla Sandler, Dawn Ericson, Nohamin Ayele, Kosuke Kawai, Roger Nuss
INTRODUCTION: Although dyspnea with exercise in the pediatric population can be multifactorial, the diagnosis of paradoxical vocal fold motion disorder (PVFMD) in this group is not well characterized. The objective of this study is to review the multiple causes of dyspnea with exercise in children, including the prevalence of PVFMD within this study population. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients seen at a tertiary pediatric hospital for exercise-induced dyspnea suspected to be related to PVFMD between January 2007 and July 2015...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723955/halotherapy-as-asthma-treatment-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-prospective-pilot-study
#8
Ronen Bar-Yoseph, Nir Kugelman, Galit Livnat, Michal Gur, Fahed Hakim, Vered Nir, Lea Bentur
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder requiring intermittent or continuous anti-inflammatory therapy. Patients often turn to alternative treatments as complements or replacements to conventional treatments. We aimed to evaluate the effect of salt room chambers (halotherapy) on bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR), fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), and quality of life in children with asthma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Children aged 5-13 years with a clinical diagnosis of mild asthma not receiving anti-inflammatory therapy...
October 10, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717246/exercise-induced-inspiratory-symptoms-in-school-children
#9
Frederik Buchvald, Lue Drasbaek Phillipsen, Thomas Hjuler, Kim G Nielsen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise-induced inspiratory symptoms (EIIS) have multiple causes, one of which is exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO). There is limited knowledge regarding EIIS in children, both in primary care practices and in pediatric asthma clinics. The aim of this study was to describe the feasibility of a diagnostic methodology and its results in a cohort of children with EIIS referred to our tertiary pediatric pulmonary center. METHODS: This study analyzed consecutively collected data in children from East Denmark and Greater Copenhagen referred during a 3½ years period...
November 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715361/association-of-emergency-department-albuterol-dispensing-with-pediatric-asthma-revisits-and-readmissions
#10
A Brad Hall, April Novotny, Donna M Bhisitkul, James Melton, Tim Regan, Maureen Leckie
Introduction While pediatric asthma continues to be a highly studied disease, data to suggest clear strategies to decrease asthma related revisits or readmissions is lacking. The purpose of our study was to assess the effect of emergency department (ED) direct dispensing of beta-agonist metered dose inhalers on pediatric asthma ED revisit and readmission rates. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients discharged from the pediatric ED with a diagnosis of asthma. Our primary outcome measured the rate of asthma revisits to the ED or admissions to the hospital within 28 days...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701726/effect-of-air-pollution-in-frequency-of-hospitalizations-in-asthmatic-children
#11
Medhi Alizadeh, Leila Ghasemi Hashtroodi, Zahra Chavoshzadeh, Nima Rezaei
Asthma is one of the most common diseases in childhood, which has been increased during last decade because of epidemiological pattern changes with climate and industrialization of the communities. There are some controversies on the relationship between air pollution and asthma. Tehran, as the capital of Iran, is one of the densest populations and is one of the most polluted cities in the world. This study was performed to search effects of various air pollutants using GIS-based modeling on the rate of hospitalizations due to asthma in children in Tehran...
August 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695350/study-of-the-correlations-between-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-in-exhaled-breath-and-atopic-status-blood-eosinophils-fcer2-mutation-and-asthma-control-in-vietnamese-children
#12
Hanh Nguyen-Thi-Bich, Huong Duong-Thi-Ly, Vu Thi Thom, Nhung Pham-Thi-Hong, Long Doan Dinh, Huong Le-Thi-Minh, Timothy John Craig, Sy Duong-Quy
INTRODUCTION: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) is a biomarker of airway inflammation in asthma. The measurement of FENO is utilized to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of children with asthma, especially for those treated with inhaled corticosteroids. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the correlations between FENO and atopic status, blood eosinophil levels, FCER2 mutation, and asthma control in Vietnamese children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective and descriptive study approved by the local Ethical Board...
2016: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690471/clinical-practice-guideline-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-urticaria
#13
Kanokvalai Kulthanan, Papapit Tuchinda, Leena Chularojanamontri, Pattriya Chanyachailert, Wiwat Korkij, Amornsri Chunharas, Siriwan Wananukul, Wanida Limpongsanurak, Suwat Benjaponpitak, Wanee Wisuthsarewong, Kobkul Aunhachoke, Vesarat Wessagowit, Pantipa Chatchatee, Penpun Wattanakrai, Orathai Jirapongsananuruk, Jettanong Klaewsongkram, Nopadon Noppakun, Pakit Vichyanond, Puan Suthipinittharm, Kiat Ruxrungtham, Srisupalak Singalavanija, Jarungchit Ngamphaiboon
Urticaria is a common skin condition that can compromise quality of life and may affect individual performance at work or school. Remission is common in majority of patients with acute spontaneous urticaria (ASU); however, in chronic cases, less than 50% had remission. Angioedema either alone or with urticaria is associated with a much lower remission rate. Proper investigation and treatment is thus required. This guideline, a joint development of the Dermatological Society of Thailand, the Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Association of Thailand and the Pediatric Dermatological Society of Thailand, is graded and recommended based on published evidence and expert opinion...
September 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638292/allergy-testing-in-children-with-persistent-asthma-comparison-of-four-diagnostic-methods
#14
A Önell, A Whiteman, B Nordlund, F Baldracchini, G Mazzoleni, G Hedlin, H Grönlund, J R Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Multiple allergic sensitizations are common in persistent childhood asthma, and thorough assessment of allergy is crucial for optimal care of these children. Microarray testing offers opportunities for improved sIgE characterization, which has been projected to be useful in the management of multisensitized patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy and information obtained by two microarray platforms applied on a well-characterized pediatric asthma cohort...
September 17, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634770/factors-associated-with-potentially-preventable-pediatric-admissions-vary-by-diagnosis-findings-from-a-large-state
#15
Laura N Medford-Davis, Rohan Shah, Danielle Kennedy, Emilie Becker
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine characteristics associated with potentially preventable pediatric admissions as defined by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. METHODS: The Texas Inpatient Public Use Data File, an administrative database of hospital admissions, identified 747 040 pediatric admissions ages 0 to 17 years to acute care facilities between 2005 and 2008. Potentially preventable admissions included 5 diagnoses: asthma, perforated appendicitis, diabetes, gastroenteritis, and urinary tract infection...
October 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613894/the-difference-a-decade-makes-smoking-cessation-counseling-and-screening-at-pediatric-visits
#16
Philip B Cawkwell, Lily Lee, Jenni Shearston, Scott E Sherman, Michael Weitzman
INTRODUCTION: There has been a sharp decline in adolescents who smoke cigarettes but no national-level study evaluating the impact of smoking cessation counseling by pediatricians or other clinicians who care for children. METHODS: Combined data from ambulatory portions of the National Hospital Ambulatory Care Survey and National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 1997-1999 and 2009-2011 were analyzed to determine changes in the frequency of pediatric visits that included clinician-reported tobacco counseling and how such counseling varied by child, family, and clinician characteristics...
November 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612945/comorbid-disorders-associated-with-asthma-in-children-in-germany-national-analysis-of-pediatric-primary-care-data
#17
Louis Jacob, Thomas Keil, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: Using routine healthcare data, the goal of this study was to examine the association between asthma and comorbid disorders in children in Germany. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of asthma documented by a German pediatrician in 2015 were identified. Demographic data included age and gender. Patients younger than 6 and older than 17 and individuals followed for less than a year before index date were excluded. Each patient was matched for age, sex, and physician with an asthma-free control...
October 5, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551858/estimating-pediatric-asthma-prevalence-in-rural-senegal-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Laura G Hooper, Yakou Dieye, Assane Ndiaye, Aldiouma Diallo, Vincent S Fan, Kathleen M Neuzil, Justin R Ortiz
RATIONALE: In Senegal, the prevalence of childhood asthma and utilization of appropriate asthma therapies is unknown. METHODOLOGY: We used the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) survey instrument to assess childhood respiratory health in rural Senegal. We interviewed the caregivers of children aged 5 through 8 years of age in the four largest Niakhar villages in August 2012. RESULTS: We interviewed 1,103 primary caregivers for 1,513 children, representing 91% of all age-eligible children in the study area...
August 23, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546360/deficiency-of-vitamin-d-and-vitamin-c-in-the-pathogenesis-of-bronchial-asthma
#19
REVIEW
E Ginter, V Simko
Epidemiology of bronchial asthma (BA) indicates a marked paradox: rapid rise in the prevalence.Simultaneous decline in mortality is mostly related to improvement in the diagnosis and therapy. In many economically developed countries the BA affects more than 10 per cent of the population, while mortality related to this respiratory disorder is below 1/100,000. Factors favorably influencing mortality of BA include new more effective medications, decline in smoking and also improved nutrition, based on awareness of protective role of vitamins...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520775/management-of-helicobacter-pylori-infections
#20
Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi, Johannes G Kusters
BACKGROUND: Infection with Helicobacter pylori is associated with severe digestive diseases including chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, and gastric cancer. Successful eradication of this common gastric pathogen in individual patients is known to prevent the occurrence of peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. DISCUSSION: With half of the world's population being infected with H, pylori and only few antibiotics result in an effective eradication, a successful antibiotic driven worldwide eradication program seems unlikely...
August 12, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
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