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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432861/spirometry-and-volumetric-capnography-in-lung-function-assessment-of-obese-and-normal-weight-individuals-without-asthma
#1
Mariana S Ferreira, Roberto T Mendes, Fernando A L Marson, Mariana P Zambon, Maria A R G M Antonio, Ilma A Paschoal, Adyléia A D C Toro, Silvana D Severino, Maria A G O Ribeiro, José D Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare lung function of obese and healthy, normal-weight children and adolescents, without asthma, through spirometry and volumetric capnography. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 77 subjects (38 obese) aged 5-17 years. All subjects underwent spirometry and volumetric capnography. The evaluations were repeated in obese subjects after the use of a bronchodilator. RESULTS: At the spirometry assessment, obese individuals, when compared with the control group, showed lower values of forced expiratory volume in the first second by forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) and expiratory flows at 75% and between 25 and 75% of the FVC (p<0...
April 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431499/asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome-acos-in-primary-care-of-four-latin-america-countries-the-puma-study
#2
Maria Montes de Oca, Maria Victorina Lopez Varela, Maria E Laucho-Contreras, Alejandro Casas, Eduardo Schiavi, Juan Carlos Mora
BACKGROUND: Asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS) prevalence varies depending on the studied population and definition criteria. The prevalence and clinical characteristics of ACOS in an at-risk COPD primary care population from Latin America was assessed. METHODS: Patients ≥40 years, current/ex-smokers and/or exposed to biomass, attending routine primary care visits completed a questionnaire and performed spirometry. COPD was defined as post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) < 0...
April 21, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421600/lay-led-and-peer-support-interventions-for-adolescents-with-asthma
#3
REVIEW
Kayleigh M Kew, Robin Carr, Iain Crossingham
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with asthma are at high risk of poor adherence with treatment. This may be compounded by activities that worsen asthma, in particular smoking. Additional support above and beyond routine care has the potential to encourage good self-management. We wanted to find out whether sessions led by their peers or by lay leaders help to reduce these risks and improve asthma outcomes among adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of lay-led and peer support interventions for adolescents with asthma...
April 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421512/new-insights-into-cockroach-allergens
#4
REVIEW
Anna Pomés, Geoffrey A Mueller, Thomas A Randall, Martin D Chapman, L Karla Arruda
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review addresses the most recent developments on cockroach allergen research in relation to allergic diseases, especially asthma. RECENT FINDINGS: The number of allergens relevant to cockroach allergy has recently expanded considerably up to 12 groups. New X-ray crystal structures of allergens from groups 1, 2, and 5 revealed interesting features with implications for allergen standardization, sensitization, diagnosis, and therapy. Cockroach allergy is strongly associated with asthma particularly among children and young adults living in inner-city environments, posing challenges for disease control...
April 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420371/effect-of-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations-on-the-mechanical-properties-of-the-lungs
#5
Cécile Rotenberg, Marcel Bonay, Mostafa El Hajjam, Sandra Blivet, Alain Beauchet, Pascal Lacombe, Thierry Chinet
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) are present in approximately 15-50% individuals with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). They may be isolated but more often are multiple. The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of PAVMs on lung mechanical properties. METHODS: We reviewed the files of all adult patients (age ≥ 18 years) referred to our Center for evaluation of HHT between 2005 and 2013. The diagnosis of HHT was based on the Curacao criteria and/or the presence of a pathogenic mutation...
April 19, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417623/a-real-life-comparison-between-allergenic-extracts-and-allergenic-molecules
#6
Giorgio Ciprandi, Paola Comite, Francesca Ferrero, Michele Mussap
Serum IgE assay is a mainstay step in the allergy work up. Allergenic extracts and molecular components are available at present. This real life study compared the serum specific IgE levels against allergenic extracts with allergenic molecules in patients allergic to Parietaria, Betulaceae, and mites. This retrospective real life study included 489 subjects with respiratory allergy. Inclusion criteria were 1) documented diagnosis of allergic rhinitis (AR) and/or allergic asthma, and 2) documented allergy to Parietaria judaica (Par j) 2 (216 patients: 112 females, mean age 42 years), or to Betula verrucosa (Bet v) 1 (62 patients: 35 females, mean age 3 years), or Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) 1 (211 patients: 107 females, mean age 34 years); and mono-allergy...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410944/-asthma-control-in-patients-attending-primary-care-in-spain-actis-study
#7
Eduardo Calvo, Juan A Trigueros, Araceli López, Guadalupe Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To assess prevalence of non controlled (ACT- Asthma Control Test<20) asthma in real world clinical practice in Spain. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. LOCATION: 58 primary care centers from 13 Autonomous Communities. PARTICIPANTS: Asthma patients attending physicians office to collect repeat prescriptions for continuous treatment (Group A), or due to symptoms worsening (Group B). MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Socio-demographic characteristics (age, gender, education, smoking history), physician's assessment of asthma severity, current treatment for asthma, co-morbidities, healthcare-related resources utilization (primary care or emergency visits, hospitalizations), labour or school absenteeism, ACT score and treatment adherence...
April 12, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410870/interleukin-33-in-children-with-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Y Wang, L Wang, S Hua
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that serum interleukin 33 serving as an "alarmin" is increased in children with asthma. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of serum IL33 test for early diagnosis of childhood asthma. METHODS: A literature search was performed in June 2016 using PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and other Chinese Medical Databases to identify studies. The search terms used were "cytokine", "interleukin-33", "asthma" and "children"...
April 11, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408759/reliably-estimating-prevalences-of-atopic-children-an-epidemiological-study-in-an-extensive-and-representative-primary-care-database
#9
David H J Pols, Mark M J Nielen, Joke C Korevaar, Patrick J E Bindels, Arthur M Bohnen
Electronic health records stored in primary care databases might be a valuable source to study the epidemiology of atopic disorders and their impact on health-care systems and costs. However, the prevalence of atopic disorders in such databases varies considerably and needs to be addressed. For this study, all children aged 0-18 years listed in a representative primary care database in the period 2002-2014, with sufficient data quality, were selected. The effects of four different strategies on the prevalences of atopic disorders were examined: (1) the first strategy examined the diagnosis as recorded in the electronic health records, whereas the (2) second used additional requirements (i...
April 13, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402696/chronic-cough-and-an-atypical-peripheral-pattern-on-chest-imaging-a-case-report-secondary-to-suspected-drug-onset
#10
Ronnie Alas, Mark Tony Williams, Ghiam Yamin, Mohsen Rofoogaran
INTRODUCTION: Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) is an uncommon interstitial lung disease with nonspecific symptoms that is a diagnostic and treatment challenge. The exact pathology is unknown and putatively involves a complex inflammatory cascade associated with the abnormal accumulation of eosinophils. Our patient had a history of adult-onset asthma after initiating TNF-inhibitor therapy. CEP coexisting with asthma has been reported, but never linked to the use of a TNF-inhibitor-as we report here...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399677/elevated-serum-levels-of-tnf-%C3%AE-il-8-and-ecp-can-be-involved-in-the-development-and-progression-of-bronchial-asthma
#11
Xiao-Gang Jiang, Xu-Dong Yang, Zhe Lv, Peng-Hui Zhuang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the value of elevated serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) in the diagnosis of bronchial asthma (BA). METHODS: Totally 170 patients with BA (case group, 85 patients in acute attack and 85 patients in clinical remission) and 150 healthy individuals (control group). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were calculated for the contents and diagnostic values of serum TNF-α, IL-8, and ECP in BA...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399566/chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-in-6-low-and-middle-income-countries-findings-from-wave-1-of-the-world-health-organization-s-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#12
Perianayagam Arokiasamy, Uttamacharya, Paul Kowal, Benjamin D Capistrant, Theresa E Gildner, Elizabeth Thiele, Richard B Biritwum, Alfred E Yawson, George Mensah, Tamara Maximova, Fan Wu, Yanfei Guo, Yang Zheng, Sebastiana Zimba Kalula, Aarón Salinas Rodríguez, Betty Manrique Espinoza, Melissa A Liebert, Geeta Eick, Kirstin N Sterner, Tyler M Barrett, Kwabena Duedu, Ernest Gonzales, Nawi Ng, Joel Negin, Yong Jiang, Julie Byles, Savathree Lorna Madurai, Nadia Minicuci, J Josh Snodgrass, Nirmala Naidoo, Somnath Chatterji
In this paper, we examine patterns of self-reported diagnosis of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and prevalences of algorithm/measured test-based, undiagnosed, and untreated NCDs in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa. Nationally representative samples of older adults aged ≥50 years were analyzed from wave 1 of the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (2007-2010; n = 34,149). Analyses focused on 6 conditions: angina, arthritis, asthma, chronic lung disease, depression, and hypertension...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398111/association-between-asthma-and-periodontitis-results-from-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#13
Seok-Woo Lee, Hoi-Jeong Lim, Euni Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the association between asthma and periodontitis in a representative sample of Korean adults from Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in 2014. METHODS: A cross-sectional evaluation was conducted using 2014 KNHANES data to describe the association between current asthma condition and chronic periodontitis while adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle factors. The presence of periodontitis was evaluated by community periodontal index defined by the World Health Organization and current asthma condition was defined as "currently suffering from asthma condition...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396785/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-after-bench-press-training
#14
Tomoya Nishino
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is often associated with asthma and mainly affects adolescent males with a tall, thin body habitus. A 17-year-old man complained of chest and pharyngeal pain after bench press training and spontaneous pneumomediastinum was diagnosed. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of chest pain of uncertain cause.
April 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396111/mental-health-services-claims-and-adult-onset-asthma-in-ontario-canada
#15
Teresa To, Kandace Ryckman, Jingqin Zhu, Devon Williams, Laura Y Feldman, Kristian Larsen, Andrea Gershon
BACKGROUND: Living with asthma is associated with a decrease in quality of life due to reductions in activities of daily living and increased psychological stress, both of which are associated with poor mental health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify the burden of mental disorders on the adult asthma population and compare the risk of mental health services claims (MHSCs) in the 1 year before and 1 year after asthma diagnosis. METHODS: Ontario residents aged 25 to 65 years with incident physician-diagnosed asthma between April 1, 2005, and March 31, 2012, were included...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396105/eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-case-study-of-a-12-year-old-boy
#16
Katherine Kiely
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an underrecognized chronic condition in which symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux are accompanied by eosinophilia in the esophagus. This disorder affects both children and adults and is associated with a history of other atopic disorders, particularly food allergies. This case study discusses the epidemiology of eosinophilic esophagitis and the proper procedures for diagnosis, referral, and management using the dietary restrictions and pharmacologic treatment included in the clinical recommendations issued by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition; the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology; and the American College of Gastroenterologists...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395373/-patient-education-programs-in-child-and-adolescent-rehabilitation
#17
U de Vries, P Hampel, F Petermann
Comprehensive evidence has been provided for the significant increase in most chronic physical illnesses among children and adolescents. Therefore, early diagnosis and multimodal intervention in childhood and adolescence is required to prevent a chronic course of disease. Thus, patient education is essential for the medical child and adolescent rehabilitation. In particular, in developing asthma, atopic dermatitis and obesity training in the past, a basic consensus on the theory and methodology of patient education has emerged...
April 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394553/drug-induced-oral-ulcerations-case-report
#18
Vanja Vučičević Boras, Snježana Židovec-Lepej, Branka Marinović, Sven Seiwerth, Ivana Škrinjar, Dražen Pulanić, Danica Vidović Juras
A 70-year-old patient was admitted to the Department of Oral Medicine for multiple oral ulcerations on the left buccal mucosa, around 0.5 cm in diameter, as well as on the gingiva. Otherwise, the patient suffered from chronic lymphocytic leukemia, hypogammaglobulinemia, chronic renal insufficiency, with complete afunction of the right kidney, asthma, hypertension, gastritis and prostate hyperplasia. Differential diagnosis of oral ulcerations included drug induced oral ulcerations, paraneoplastic pemphigus, viral ulcerations (cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex viruses), fungal ulcerations (candidiasis, aspergillosis, histoplasmosis, cryptococcosis) and bacterial ulcerations, as well as neutropenic ulcers...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393719/a-case-of-tracheal-leiomyoma-misdiagnosed-as-asthma
#19
Ayperi Öztürk, Zafer Aktaş, Aydın Yılmaz, Havva Yeşildağlı, Leyla Memiş
Primary benign tumors of trachea are rare. Of them, tracheal leiomyoma, constitutes only 1% of all benign lower respiratory tract tumors. Here, we present a case of tracheal leiomyoma who has been receiving high doses of inhaled corticosteroids and bronchodilators for a year with a misdiagnosis of asthma. As the symptoms did not resolve with an overtreatment, she has been undergone radiologic study to find a possible alternative diagnosis. The chest roentgenogram revealed an opacity in the upper mediastinum...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393591/presentation-management-and-mortality-after-a-first-mi-in-people-with-and-without-asthma-a-study-using-uk-minap-data
#20
Paulo Pinto, Kieran J Rothnie, Kelvin Lui, Adam Timmis, Liam Smeeth, Jennifer K Quint
Asthma has been associated with a higher incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), higher prevalence of MI risk factors and higher burden of cardiovascular diseases. However, detailed associations between the presentation and initial management at the time of MI and post-MI outcomes in people with asthma compared to the general population have not been studied. A total of 300,161 people were identified with a first MI over the period 2003-2013 in the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project database, of whom 8922 (3%) had asthma...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
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