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Older prisoner

Stuart A Kinner, Kathryn Snow, Andrea L Wirtz, Frederick L Altice, Chris Beyrer, Kate Dolan
PURPOSE: This study aims to compare the global prevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV, and tuberculosis in incarcerated adolescents and young adults (AYAs) and older prisoners. METHODS: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting the age-specific prevalence of each infection in prisoners. We grouped age-specific prevalence estimates into three overlapping age categories: AYA prisoners (<25 years), older prisoners (≥25 years), and mixed category (spanning age 25 years)...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Yael Lahav, Sharon Avidor, Jacob Y Stein, Xiao Zhou, Zahava Solomon
Objectives: Exposure to captivity increases the risk for multiple disturbances that may intensify during old age. In later phases of life, former-prisoners-of-war (ex-POWs) may suffer from depression as well as from accelerated aging, manifested in older subjective age and leukocyte telomere shortening. The current study assesses the link between these varied facets of increased vulnerability during old age and explores (a) the associations between subjective age and telomere length; (b) the mediating role of changes in subjective age over time within the associations between depression and telomere length...
February 5, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
S Stürup-Toft, E J O'Moore, E H Plugge
Introduction: There are more than 10 million people imprisoned worldwide. These individuals experience a higher burden of communicable and non-communicable disease, mental health and substance misuse problems than the general population and often come from marginalized and underserved groups in the community. Prisons offer an important opportunity for tackling health problems in a way that can deliver benefits to the individual and to the community. This paper focuses specifically on emerging health issues for prisons across the world...
January 31, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
Gaelen P Adam, Mengyang Di, Susan Cu-Uvin, Christopher Halladay, Bryant T Smith, Suchitra Iyer, Thomas A Trikalinos
BACKGROUND: While in its early years the HIV epidemic affected primarily the male and the young, nowadays, the population living with HIV/AIDS is approximately 24% women, and its age composition has shifted towards older ages. Many of the older women who live with HIV/AIDS also live with the medical and social conditions that accompany aging. This work aims to identify and characterize empirical studies of strategies for the comprehensive management of women over 40, including transgender women, who live with HIV/AIDS...
February 2, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Jessica J Wyse
This study explores how older age shapes processes of substance abuse cessation among male substance users recently released from prison. Semi-structured in-depth interviews and brief surveys were conducted with 15 men aged 49+, released from prison in a large, Eastern U.S. city. A follow-up interview was conducted with each participant (n=15). Conventional content analysis was used to analyze these data. Aging was central to the stories men told about attaining and maintaining sobriety. Men gained clarity after forced detoxification in prison, which was often followed by a period of reflection and evaluation of their lives...
2018: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly
Thomas J Reidy, Jon R Sorensen, Heidi Stone Bonner
This study investigated prison homicide perpetrators through the lens of the career criminal perspective. Prison homicide, while a rare event, has critical implications for the prison environment. Despite its importance as a form of institutional violence that must be addressed, only four studies in the past five decades have explored the characteristics of homicide perpetrators/victims, the motives, and circumstances of the crime. The goal of the current study was to develop a better understanding of prison homicide by examining 54 perpetrators who committed 37 inmate homicides over 40 years in a mid-Western state prison system...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sunil J Wimalawansa, DSc Mohammed S Razzaque, Nasser M Al-Daghri
The incidence and the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency are increasing worldwide. It is estimated that over 50% of population in the world have low in vitamin D (i.e., hypovitaminosis D; levels below 30 ng/mL). 80% of our vitamin D requirement comes from the ultraviolet rays from sunlight, and for the remainder, we rely from the diet and supplements. The latter become important when one is exposing to less than optimal amounts of sunlight, inability of the skin to generate vitamin D efficiently, and/or having secondary causes that leads to increase catabolism of vitamin D...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Bruce A Stevens, Rhonda Shaw, Peter Bewert, Mavis Salt, Rebecca Alexander, Brendan Loo Gee
OBJECTIVE: The care of older prisoners is a growing problem. This review examined aged care interventions in prisons. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. A total of 1186 abstracts were screened for inclusion. Quantitative and qualitative studies were included. RESULTS: Two quantitative studies and five qualitative studies examined aged care interventions (n = 7)...
December 6, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
Miia Kaartinen, Kaija Puura, Päivi Pispa, Mika Helminen, Raili Salmelin, Erja Pelkonen, Petri Juujärvi, Esther B Kessler, David H Skuse
Cooperation is a fundamental human ability that seems to be inversely related to aggressive behaviour in typical development. However, there is no knowledge whether similar association holds for children with autism spectrum disorder. A total of 27 boys with autism spectrum disorder and their gender, age and total score intelligence matched controls were studied in order to determine associations between cooperation, reactive aggression and autism spectrum disorder-related social impairments. The participants performed a modified version of the Prisoner's Dilemma task and the Pulkkinen Aggression Machine which measure dimensions of trust, trustworthiness and self-sacrifice in predisposition to cooperate, and inhibition of reactive aggression in the absence and presence of situational cues, respectively...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Warren Stewart, Rachel Lovely
AIM: To undertake a service evaluation to assess the effect of peer social support training using two separate learning programmes, which were designed to assist prisoners to support older prisoners and prisoners with disabilities. METHOD: The service evaluation used an action research approach to support planning, delivery and data collection. Eleven interviews with nine prisoners who had undertaken the peer social support training programmes and two members of prison staff (one nurse manager and one prison officer) were recorded and transcribed by the researchers...
October 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
Alexandra B Balaji, Qian An, Justin C Smith, Michael E Newcomb, Brian Mustanski, Nikhil G Prachand, Kathleen A Brady, Sarah Braunstein, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
Background: Much has been written about the impact of HIV among young (13-24) sexual minority men (SMM). Evidence for concern is substantial for emerging adult (18-24) SMM. Data documenting the burden and associated risk factors of HIV among adolescent SMM (<18) remains limited. Methods: Adolescent SMM aged 13-18 years were recruited in three cities (Chicago; New York City; Philadelphia) for interview and HIV testing. We used chi-square tests for percentages of binary variables and one-way ANOVA for means of continuous variables to assess differences by race-ethnicity in behaviors...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
Aging in custody and the rising population of elderly prisoners are creating compelling challenges for criminal justice, prison and public healthcare systems. Geriatric syndrome and higher prevalence of co-morbidities amongst older inmates result in heightened vulnerability in prison environments. Empirical research addressing older adults' access to medical care in detention is scarce; therefore, this study assessed access to medical care in prison from the perspective of older prisoners in Switzerland. We interviewed a sample of 35 older inmates (average age 61 years) on their experience of healthcare accessibility in prison; data were qualitatively analysed and major themes regarding evaluation of their access to medical services were extracted...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Alex Rothman, Shannon McConville, Renee Hsia, Lia Metzger, Cyrus Ahalt, Brie A Williams
BACKGROUND: Incarcerated populations worldwide are aging dramatically; in the United States, prisoner mortality rates have reached an all-time high. Little is known about the incarcerated patients who die in community hospitals. AIM: Compare incarcerated and non-incarcerated hospital decedents in California. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: All state hospital decedents ( N = 370,831) from 2009 to 2013, decedent age over time examined with additional data (2001-2013)...
January 2018: Palliative Medicine
(no author information available yet)
New report calls for a national strategy to address the healthcare needs of older prisoners.
August 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
Beatrice Annaheim, Tenzin Wangmo, Wiebke Bretschneider, Marc Vogel, Bernice S Elger
OBJECTIVES: The paper examines whether routine data from prisoners' files is a useful basis to estimate prevalence rates of illicit drug use among prisoners. METHODS: Medico-legal files of 190 younger (20-49 years) and 190 older (50-75 years) male prisoners from 13 prisons in Switzerland were analysed. Indications of illicit drug use were extracted based on recorded legal measures, notes from health care professionals, diagnoses related to the use of illicit substances, prescribed medications, other treatment indicators, and results from mandatory drug tests in prison...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
Joan M Cook, Vanessa Simiola
This review presents recent empirical developments on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in older adults, highlighting some of the most interesting lines of investigation that have taken place over the past few years. The majority of the extant literature has focused on male veterans or former prisoners of war, Caucasians, and those from the United States. Major advances have taken place in terms longitudinal investigations of representative samples of veterans and their health and functioning in relation to traumatic exposure...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
Ann Norman
Prisons and probation ombudsman Nigel Newcomen has called for a national strategy to address the healthcare needs of older people in prison. His report should be welcomed - it focuses attention on a group of people who are all too easily overlooked in our society. The bad news is, the report is a depressing read. Prisons designed for young men are struggling to cope with people in their seventies and eighties who may have dementia or need palliative care.
August 2, 2017: Nursing Standard
Gabriele Cipriani, Sabrina Danti, Cecilia Carlesi, Mario Di Fiorino
Older prisoners are the fastest growing group of prisoners in many countries. The purpose of this study is to explore the phenomenon of detention of persons suffering from dementia. Medline searches were conducted for relevant articles, chapters and books published until August 2016. Search terms included dementia, elderly, prison and criminal. Publications found through this indexed search were reviewed for further relevant references. As results, there is a lack of data about elderly with dementia in prisons...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
(no author information available yet)
New report calls for a national strategy to address the healthcare needs of older prisoners.
June 28, 2017: Nursing Standard
Stephanie C Yarnell, Paul D Kirwin, Howard V Zonana
Correctional systems, already struggling to meet the basic and functional requirements of older prisoners, will be further challenged by the increasing medical and psychiatric needs of this population. Mental health and general medical care for older adults requires specific on-site or consultation expertise in geriatric medicine and psychiatry, as well as potential changes in infrastructure, both of which may be prohibitively expensive. However, compassionate and effective treatment of older prisoners requires that prison and legal systems facilitate this expert care...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
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