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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770744/older-men-s-social-integration-after-prison
#1
Jessica Wyse
This study explores the social integration processes older men experience following prison release. Semi-structured in-depth interviews and brief surveys were conducted with 20 men, 50 years of age and older, recently released from prison in a large, Eastern U.S. city. A follow-up interview was conducted with each participant. Conventional content analysis was used to analyze these data. Results show that while men are able to connect with and rely upon some family members and establish basic public benefits, older men's release experience is nonetheless marked by pervasive disconnection from key desired social relationships and roles...
June 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723782/a-grounded-theory-of-successful-aging-among-select-incarcerated-older-filipino-women
#2
Heizel Mae Lucas, Carl James Lozano, Les Paul Valdez, Rowena Manzarate, Fortuna Angelli Jolyn Lumawag
BACKGROUND: Across the literature, impairment and disability among the older people have been associated with a decline in meeting their special needs. Failure in meeting such needs may cause deterioration of function and threaten successful aging. Accordingly, successful aging studies were carried out among males, in health care institutions, and in communities. In spite of these, the process by which successful aging is experienced by incarcerated older women remains to be a blank spot in research...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721814/pre-incarceration-rates-of-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-black-men-from-urban-counties
#3
Paris Wheeler, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Joi-Sheree' Knighton, Carlos Mahaffey, Dominiqueca Lewis
There are inconsistent findings regarding the rates of nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPDU) among Black Americans. The majority of previous studies used pharmaceutical names of drugs and relied on national data that excludes incarcerated populations, in which Black men are overrepresented. Therefore, the current study aimed to describe pre-incarceration rates of NMPDU among Black men in prison using culturally relevant alternative drug names. We recruited 208 incarcerated (adult age 18 or older) Black men nearing community reentry to urban counties from four state prisons in Kentucky...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697522/living-with-dementia-in-correctional-settings-a-case-report
#4
Shelley Peacock, Alexandra Hodson, Rhoda MacRae, Cindy Peternelj-Taylor
The prison population is aging at an alarming rate and many older persons have the potential to develop dementia while in prison. This case report aims to explore the needs of older people living with dementia in prison and discusses the interventions that exist to address these needs. As the condition progresses, persons with dementia become increasingly reliant on the support of others for their health and well-being because of the increasing complexity of physical healthcare and psychosocial needs. Very few interventions are cited in the research literature regarding the use, acceptability, and/or effectiveness of programming for people living with dementia in prison...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584869/the-health-of-america-s-aging-prison-population
#5
Kimberly A Skarupski, Alden Gross, Jennifer A Schrack, Jennifer A Deal, Gabriel B Eber
Older incarcerated individuals comprise the fastest growing demographic in the US prison system. Unhealthy lifestyles among incarcerated individuals and inadequate health care lead to earlier onset and more rapid progression of many chronic conditions that are prevalent among community-living older adults. There are limited peer-reviewed epidemiologic data in this area; however, there is growing interest in identifying strategies for housing aging incarcerated individuals, delivering appropriate health care in prisons, and coordinating after-release health care...
March 23, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579300/forgiveness-spirituality-and-love-thematic-analysis-of-last-statements-from-death-row-texas-2002-2017
#6
S R Foley, B D Kelly
Background: Psychological features associated with execution are not fully understood. Aims: To analyse demographics of individuals executed in Texas and investigate whether there has been any change in common themes and psychological factors evident in last statements before execution between 2002 and 2017. Design: Analysis of last statements from Death Row, Texas. Methods: We (a) studied themes and psychological factors in last statements in Texas between August 2011 and May 2017; and (b) combined our 2011-2017 data with our previous data (2002-2006 and 2006-2011) to present an overall analysis of last statements from 2002 to 2017...
March 22, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455713/age-specific-global-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-hepatitis-c-hiv-and-tuberculosis-among-incarcerated-people-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Stuart A Kinner, Kathryn Snow, Andrea L Wirtz, Frederick L Altice, Chris Beyrer, Kate Dolan
PURPOSE: This study aims to compare the global prevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV, and tuberculosis in incarcerated adolescents and young adults (AYAs) and older prisoners. METHODS: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting the age-specific prevalence of each infection in prisoners. We grouped age-specific prevalence estimates into three overlapping age categories: AYA prisoners (<25 years), older prisoners (≥25 years), and mixed category (spanning age 25 years)...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415270/telomere-length-and-depression-among-ex-prisoners-of-war-the-role-of-subjective-age
#8
Yael Lahav, Sharon Avidor, Jacob Y Stein, Xiao Zhou, Zahava Solomon
Objectives: Exposure to captivity increases the risk for multiple disturbances that may intensify during old age. In later phases of life, former-prisoners-of-war (ex-POWs) may suffer from depression as well as from accelerated aging, manifested in older subjective age and leukocyte telomere shortening. The current study assesses the link between these varied facets of increased vulnerability during old age and explores (a) the associations between subjective age and telomere length; (b) the mediating role of changes in subjective age over time within the associations between depression and telomere length...
February 5, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394343/looking-behind-the-bars-emerging-health-issues-for-people-in-prison
#9
S Stürup-Toft, E J O'Moore, E H Plugge
Introduction: There are more than 10 million people imprisoned worldwide. These individuals experience a higher burden of communicable and non-communicable disease, mental health and substance misuse problems than the general population and often come from marginalized and underserved groups in the community. Prisons offer an important opportunity for tackling health problems in a way that can deliver benefits to the individual and to the community. This paper focuses specifically on emerging health issues for prisons across the world...
March 1, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391059/strategies-for-improving-the-lives-of-us-women-aged-40-and-above-living-with-hiv-aids-an-evidence-map
#10
Gaelen P Adam, Mengyang Di, Susan Cu-Uvin, Christopher Halladay, Bryant T Smith, Suchitra Iyer, Thomas A Trikalinos
BACKGROUND: While in its early years the HIV epidemic affected primarily the male and the young, nowadays, the population living with HIV/AIDS is approximately 24% women, and its age composition has shifted towards older ages. Many of the older women who live with HIV/AIDS also live with the medical and social conditions that accompany aging. This work aims to identify and characterize empirical studies of strategies for the comprehensive management of women over 40, including transgender women, who live with HIV/AIDS...
February 2, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375192/older-former-prisoners-pathways-to-sobriety
#11
Jessica J Wyse
This study explores how older age shapes processes of substance abuse cessation among male substance users recently released from prison. Semi-structured in-depth interviews and brief surveys were conducted with 15 men aged 49+, released from prison in a large, Eastern U.S. city. A follow-up interview was conducted with each participant (n=15). Conventional content analysis was used to analyze these data. Aging was central to the stories men told about attaining and maintaining sobriety. Men gained clarity after forced detoxification in prison, which was often followed by a period of reflection and evaluation of their lives...
2018: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294859/prison-homicide-an-extension-of-violent-criminal-careers
#12
Thomas J Reidy, Jon R Sorensen, Heidi Stone Bonner
This study investigated prison homicide perpetrators through the lens of the career criminal perspective. Prison homicide, while a rare event, has critical implications for the prison environment. Despite its importance as a form of institutional violence that must be addressed, only four studies in the past five decades have explored the characteristics of homicide perpetrators/victims, the motives, and circumstances of the crime. The goal of the current study was to develop a better understanding of prison homicide by examining 54 perpetrators who committed 37 inmate homicides over 40 years in a mid-Western state prison system...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258769/calcium-and-vitamin-d-in-human-health-hype-or-real
#13
REVIEW
Sunil J Wimalawansa, Mohammed S Razzaque, Nasser M Al-Daghri
The incidence and prevalence of vitamin D deficiency are increasing worldwide. It is estimated that over 50% of the world's population have low vitamin D (i.e., hypovitaminosis D; serum levels below 30 ng/mL). In vitamin D inadequacy, human physiological systems work inefficiently. In humans, 80% of the vitamin D is synthesized in the presence of ultraviolet rays from sunlight; for the rest, we rely on diet and nowadays, supplements. The latter becomes important when one is exposed to less than optimal amounts of sunlight, inability to generate vitamin D in the skin efficiently, and/or having conditions that lead to decreased intestinal absorption or increased catabolism of vitamin D...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210494/systematic-review-of-aged-care-interventions-for-older-prisoners
#14
REVIEW
Bruce A Stevens, Rhonda Shaw, Peter Bewert, Mavis Salt, Rebecca Alexander, Brendan Loo Gee
OBJECTIVE: The care of older prisoners is a growing problem. This review examined aged care interventions in prisons. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. A total of 1186 abstracts were screened for inclusion. Quantitative and qualitative studies were included. RESULTS: Two quantitative studies and five qualitative studies examined aged care interventions (n = 7)...
March 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126368/associations-between-cooperation-reactive-aggression-and-social-impairments-among-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Miia Kaartinen, Kaija Puura, Päivi Pispa, Mika Helminen, Raili Salmelin, Erja Pelkonen, Petri Juujärvi, Esther B Kessler, David H Skuse
Cooperation is a fundamental human ability that seems to be inversely related to aggressive behaviour in typical development. However, there is no knowledge whether similar association holds for children with autism spectrum disorder. A total of 27 boys with autism spectrum disorder and their gender, age and total score intelligence matched controls were studied in order to determine associations between cooperation, reactive aggression and autism spectrum disorder-related social impairments. The participants performed a modified version of the Prisoner's Dilemma task and the Pulkkinen Aggression Machine which measure dimensions of trust, trustworthiness and self-sacrifice in predisposition to cooperate, and inhibition of reactive aggression in the absence and presence of situational cues, respectively...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094539/peer-social-support-training-in-uk-prisons
#16
Warren Stewart, Rachel Lovely
AIM: To undertake a service evaluation to assess the effect of peer social support training using two separate learning programmes, which were designed to assist prisoners to support older prisoners and prisoners with disabilities. METHOD: The service evaluation used an action research approach to support planning, delivery and data collection. Eleven interviews with nine prisoners who had undertaken the peer social support training programmes and two members of prison staff (one nurse manager and one prison officer) were recorded and transcribed by the researchers...
October 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069298/high-human-immunodeficiency-virus-incidence-and-prevalence-and-associated-factors-among-adolescent-sexual-minority-males-3-cities-2015
#17
Alexandra B Balaji, Qian An, Justin C Smith, Michael E Newcomb, Brian Mustanski, Nikhil G Prachand, Kathleen A Brady, Sarah Braunstein, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
Background: Much has been written about the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among young (13-24) sexual minority men (SMM). Evidence for concern is substantial for emerging adult (18-24 years) SMM. Data documenting the burden and associated risk factors of HIV among adolescent SMM (<18 years) remain limited. Methods: Adolescent SMM aged 13-18 years were recruited in 3 cities (Chicago, New York City, and Philadelphia) for interview and HIV testing...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028567/accessibility-of-prison-healthcare-for-elderly-inmates-a-qualitative-assessment
#18
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
Aging in custody and the rising population of elderly prisoners are creating compelling challenges for criminal justice, prison and public healthcare systems. Geriatric syndrome and higher prevalence of co-morbidities amongst older inmates result in heightened vulnerability in prison environments. Empirical research addressing older adults' access to medical care in detention is scarce; therefore, this study assessed access to medical care in prison from the perspective of older prisoners in Switzerland. We interviewed a sample of 35 older inmates (average age 61 years) on their experience of healthcare accessibility in prison; data were qualitatively analysed and major themes regarding evaluation of their access to medical services were extracted...
November 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952889/differences-between-incarcerated-and-non-incarcerated-patients-who-die-in-community-hospitals-highlight-the-need-for-palliative-care-services-for-seriously-ill-prisoners-in-correctional-facilities-and-in-community-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Alex Rothman, Shannon McConville, Renee Hsia, Lia Metzger, Cyrus Ahalt, Brie A Williams
BACKGROUND: Incarcerated populations worldwide are aging dramatically; in the United States, prisoner mortality rates have reached an all-time high. Little is known about the incarcerated patients who die in community hospitals. AIM: Compare incarcerated and non-incarcerated hospital decedents in California. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: All state hospital decedents ( N = 370,831) from 2009 to 2013, decedent age over time examined with additional data (2001-2013)...
January 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857000/story-in-numbers
#20
(no author information available yet)
New report calls for a national strategy to address the healthcare needs of older prisoners.
August 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
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