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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126368/associations-between-cooperation-reactive-aggression-and-social-impairments-among-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Miia Kaartinen, Kaija Puura, Päivi Pispa, Mika Helminen, Raili Salmelin, Erja Pelkonen, Petri Juujärvi, Esther B Kessler, David H Skuse
Cooperation is a fundamental human ability that seems to be inversely related to aggressive behaviour in typical development. However, there is no knowledge whether similar association holds for children with autism spectrum disorder. A total of 27 boys with autism spectrum disorder and their gender, age and total score intelligence matched controls were studied in order to determine associations between cooperation, reactive aggression and autism spectrum disorder-related social impairments. The participants performed a modified version of the Prisoner's Dilemma task and the Pulkkinen Aggression Machine which measure dimensions of trust, trustworthiness and self-sacrifice in predisposition to cooperate, and inhibition of reactive aggression in the absence and presence of situational cues, respectively...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094539/peer-social-support-training-in-uk-prisons
#2
Warren Stewart, Rachel Lovely
AIM: To undertake a service evaluation to assess the effect of peer social support training using two separate learning programmes, which were designed to assist prisoners to support older prisoners and prisoners with disabilities. METHOD: The service evaluation used an action research approach to support planning, delivery and data collection. Eleven interviews with nine prisoners who had undertaken the peer social support training programmes and two members of prison staff (one nurse manager and one prison officer) were recorded and transcribed by the researchers...
October 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069298/high-hiv-incidence-and-prevalence-and-associated-factors-among-adolescent-sexual-minority-males-3-cities-2015
#3
Alexandra B Balaji, Qian An, Justin C Smith, Michael E Newcomb, Brian Mustanski, Nikhil G Prachand, Kathleen A Brady, Sarah Braunstein, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
Background: Much has been written about the impact of HIV among young (13-24) sexual minority men (SMM). Evidence for concern is substantial for emerging adult (18-24) SMM. Data documenting the burden and associated risk factors of HIV among adolescent SMM (<18) remains limited. Methods: Adolescent SMM aged 13-18 years were recruited in three cities (Chicago; New York City; Philadelphia) for interview and HIV testing. We used chi-square tests for percentages of binary variables and one-way ANOVA for means of continuous variables to assess differences by race-ethnicity in behaviors...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028567/accessibility-of-prison-healthcare-for-elderly-inmates-a-qualitative-assessment
#4
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
Aging in custody and the rising population of elderly prisoners are creating compelling challenges for criminal justice, prison and public healthcare systems. Geriatric syndrome and higher prevalence of co-morbidities amongst older inmates result in heightened vulnerability in prison environments. Empirical research addressing older adults' access to medical care in detention is scarce; therefore, this study assessed access to medical care in prison from the perspective of older prisoners in Switzerland. We interviewed a sample of 35 older inmates (average age 61 years) on their experience of healthcare accessibility in prison; data were qualitatively analysed and major themes regarding evaluation of their access to medical services were extracted...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952889/differences-between-incarcerated-and-non-incarcerated-patients-who-die-in-community-hospitals-highlight-the-need-for-palliative-care-services-for-seriously-ill-prisoners-in-correctional-facilities-and-in-community-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Alex Rothman, Shannon McConville, Renee Hsia, Lia Metzger, Cyrus Ahalt, Brie A Williams
BACKGROUND: Incarcerated populations worldwide are aging dramatically; in the United States, prisoner mortality rates have reached an all-time high. Little is known about the incarcerated patients who die in community hospitals. AIM: Compare incarcerated and non-incarcerated hospital decedents in California. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: All state hospital decedents ( N = 370,831) from 2009 to 2013, decedent age over time examined with additional data (2001-2013)...
September 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857000/story-in-numbers
#6
(no author information available yet)
New report calls for a national strategy to address the healthcare needs of older prisoners.
August 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835980/can-routine-data-from-prisoners-files-be-used-to-estimate-prevalence-rates-of-illicit-drug-use-among-prisoners
#7
Beatrice Annaheim, Tenzin Wangmo, Wiebke Bretschneider, Marc Vogel, Bernice S Elger
OBJECTIVES: The paper examines whether routine data from prisoners' files is a useful basis to estimate prevalence rates of illicit drug use among prisoners. METHODS: Medico-legal files of 190 younger (20-49 years) and 190 older (50-75 years) male prisoners from 13 prisons in Switzerland were analysed. Indications of illicit drug use were extracted based on recorded legal measures, notes from health care professionals, diagnoses related to the use of illicit substances, prescribed medications, other treatment indicators, and results from mandatory drug tests in prison...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813305/trauma-and-ptsd-in-older-adults-prevalence-course-concomitants-and-clinical-considerations
#8
REVIEW
Joan M Cook, Vanessa Simiola
This review presents recent empirical developments on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in older adults, highlighting some of the most interesting lines of investigation that have taken place over the past few years. The majority of the extant literature has focused on male veterans or former prisoners of war, Caucasians, and those from the United States. Major advances have taken place in terms longitudinal investigations of representative samples of veterans and their health and functioning in relation to traumatic exposure...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766441/prison-no-place-for-older-people
#9
Ann Norman
Prisons and probation ombudsman Nigel Newcomen has called for a national strategy to address the healthcare needs of older people in prison. His report should be welcomed - it focuses attention on a group of people who are all too easily overlooked in our society. The bad news is, the report is a depressing read. Prisons designed for young men are struggling to cope with people in their seventies and eighties who may have dementia or need palliative care.
August 2, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750353/old-and-dangerous-prison-and-dementia
#10
REVIEW
Gabriele Cipriani, Sabrina Danti, Cecilia Carlesi, Mario Di Fiorino
Older prisoners are the fastest growing group of prisoners in many countries. The purpose of this study is to explore the phenomenon of detention of persons suffering from dementia. Medline searches were conducted for relevant articles, chapters and books published until August 2016. Search terms included dementia, elderly, prison and criminal. Publications found through this indexed search were reviewed for further relevant references. As results, there is a lack of data about elderly with dementia in prisons...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656845/story-in-numbers
#11
(no author information available yet)
New report calls for a national strategy to address the healthcare needs of older prisoners.
June 28, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619861/geriatrics-and-the-legal-system
#12
Stephanie C Yarnell, Paul D Kirwin, Howard V Zonana
Correctional systems, already struggling to meet the basic and functional requirements of older prisoners, will be further challenged by the increasing medical and psychiatric needs of this population. Mental health and general medical care for older adults requires specific on-site or consultation expertise in geriatric medicine and psychiatry, as well as potential changes in infrastructure, both of which may be prohibitively expensive. However, compassionate and effective treatment of older prisoners requires that prison and legal systems facilitate this expert care...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410398/do-people-who-experience-incarceration-age-more-quickly-exploratory-analyses-using-retrospective-cohort-data-on-mortality-from-ontario-canada
#13
Fiona G Kouyoumdjian, Evgeny M Andreev, Rohan Borschmann, Stuart A Kinner, Andres McConnon
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore whether mortality data are consistent with the view that aging is accelerated for people with a history of incarceration compared to the general population, using data on mortality rates and life expectancy for persons in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: We obtained data from the Ontario Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services on all adults admitted to provincial correctional facilities in Ontario in 2000, and linked these data with death records from provincial vital statistics between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378680/prisoner-peer-caregiving-a-literature-review
#14
Warren Stewart, Nadia Edmond
Aim To explore the role of prisoner caregivers in providing peer social care to older prisoners and to identify methodological information and challenges to conducting research in prisons, to inform future research in this setting. Method The literature review was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, a systematic literature review was undertaken to retrieve articles related to prisoner caregiving. The main themes from these articles were identified. In the second stage, a narrative literature review was undertaken to provide contextual and methodological information about research, which may support future research in prisons...
April 5, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370837/bringing-it-all-back-home-understanding-the-medical-difficulties-encountered-by-newly-released-prisoners-in-new-orleans-louisiana-a-qualitative-study
#15
William Lee Vail, Anjali Niyogi, Norris Henderson, Ashley Wennerstrom
Formerly incarcerated persons (FIPs) face a disproportionate risk of death and serious illness in the immediate post-release period. Therefore, it is a critical time to initiate community-based care for chronic illnesses and behavioural disorders. Little is known about the unique transitional health and social support needs of FIPs in Louisiana, which has the highest incarceration rate in the world. As the average age of prisoners in the United States rises, the release of older prisoners with chronic conditions will become increasingly common...
March 28, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344672/the-perceived-benefits-of-an-arts-project-for-health-and-wellbeing-of-older-offenders
#16
Dean J Wilkinson, Laura S Caulfield
The increasing ageing prison population is becoming a pressing issue throughout the criminal justice system. Alongside the rising population, are a host of health and wellbeing issues that contribute to older offenders needs whilst in prison. It has been recommended that meaningful activities can have positive effects on this population and therefore this paper uniquely reviews older offenders accounts of taking part in an arts based project, Good Vibrations, whilst imprisoned. The Good Vibrations project engages individuals in Gamelan music making with an end of project performance...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299972/older-and-incarcerated-policy-implications-of-aging-prison-populations
#17
Zachary Psick, Jonathan Simon, Rebecca Brown, Cyrus Ahalt
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the policy Implications of aging prison populations. Design/methodology/approach An examination of the worldwide aging trend in prison and its implications for correctional policy, including an examination of population aging in California prisons as a case example of needed reform. Findings Prison populations worldwide are aging at an unprecedented rate, and age-related medical costs have had serious consequences for jurisdictions struggling to respond to the changes...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282734/psychiatric-disorders-among-older-prisoners-a-systematic-review-and-comparison-study-against-older-people-in-the-community
#18
Claudio Di Lorito, Birgit Vӧllm, Tom Dening
OBJECTIVES: Despite emerging evidence that older prisoners experience poor mental health, literature in this area is still limited. In the present systematic review and meta-analysis, we report on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among older prisoners and compare our findings against community studies on older people. METHODS: We searched on Assia, PsycInfo, MedLine, Embase, Web of Science, Google and Gov.uk. We carried out bias assessments, rated studies for quality and ran a heterogeneity test...
February 7, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276180/cognitive-impairment-self-perceived-health-and-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#19
Nicolas Combalbert, Valérie Pennequin, Claude Ferrand, Marine Armand, Morgane Anselme, Brigitte Geffray
BACKGROUND: There is a wealth of studies of somatic and mental illness among prisoners, but little on older prisoners and their cognitive aging. AIMS: Our study examines the cognitive performance of older male prisoners and its effect on their perceived health and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 138 men aged 50 or over were recruited in seven French prisons and 138 men of similar ages from the general population. Two assessments of executive cognitive functions - the mini-mental state examination and the frontal assessment battery - were administered to each participant, together with self rating schedules of health (Nottingham Health Profile), subjective state of mental health and quality of life (the brief World Health Organisation Quality of Life Questionnaire)...
March 9, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266347/mental-disorders-perceived-health-and-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners-in-france
#20
Nicolas Combalbert, Claude Ferrand, Valérie Pennequin, Moussa Keita, Brigitte Geffray
People serving prison sentences have major needs in terms of their physical and mental health. However, little is known about the prevalence of mental disorders affecting older prisoners and about how they evaluate their state of health and their quality of life. The aim of our study is to identify whether there is a link between mental disorders and the level of perceived health and quality of life of older prisoners. For the group 1, we recruited 138 male prisoners aged 50 and over in 7 French prisons. The control group was composed of 138 community-dwelling men aged 50 and over...
March 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
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