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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410398/do-people-who-experience-incarceration-age-more-quickly-exploratory-analyses-using-retrospective-cohort-data-on-mortality-from-ontario-canada
#1
Fiona G Kouyoumdjian, Evgeny M Andreev, Rohan Borschmann, Stuart A Kinner, Andres McConnon
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore whether mortality data are consistent with the view that aging is accelerated for people with a history of incarceration compared to the general population, using data on mortality rates and life expectancy for persons in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: We obtained data from the Ontario Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services on all adults admitted to provincial correctional facilities in Ontario in 2000, and linked these data with death records from provincial vital statistics between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378680/prisoner-peer-caregiving-a-literature-review
#2
Warren Stewart, Nadia Edmond
Aim To explore the role of prisoner caregivers in providing peer social care to older prisoners and to identify methodological information and challenges to conducting research in prisons, to inform future research in this setting. Method The literature review was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, a systematic literature review was undertaken to retrieve articles related to prisoner caregiving. The main themes from these articles were identified. In the second stage, a narrative literature review was undertaken to provide contextual and methodological information about research, which may support future research in prisons...
April 5, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370837/bringing-it-all-back-home-understanding-the-medical-difficulties-encountered-by-newly-released-prisoners-in-new-orleans-louisiana-a-qualitative-study
#3
William Lee Vail, Anjali Niyogi, Norris Henderson, Ashley Wennerstrom
Formerly incarcerated persons (FIPs) face a disproportionate risk of death and serious illness in the immediate post-release period. Therefore, it is a critical time to initiate community-based care for chronic illnesses and behavioural disorders. Little is known about the unique transitional health and social support needs of FIPs in Louisiana, which has the highest incarceration rate in the world. As the average age of prisoners in the United States rises, the release of older prisoners with chronic conditions will become increasingly common...
March 28, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344672/the-perceived-benefits-of-an-arts-project-for-health-and-wellbeing-of-older-offenders
#4
Dean J Wilkinson, Laura S Caulfield
The increasing ageing prison population is becoming a pressing issue throughout the criminal justice system. Alongside the rising population, are a host of health and wellbeing issues that contribute to older offenders needs whilst in prison. It has been recommended that meaningful activities can have positive effects on this population and therefore this paper uniquely reviews older offenders accounts of taking part in an arts based project, Good Vibrations, whilst imprisoned. The Good Vibrations project engages individuals in Gamelan music making with an end of project performance...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299972/older-and-incarcerated-policy-implications-of-aging-prison-populations
#5
Zachary Psick, Jonathan Simon, Rebecca Brown, Cyrus Ahalt
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the policy Implications of aging prison populations. Design/methodology/approach An examination of the worldwide aging trend in prison and its implications for correctional policy, including an examination of population aging in California prisons as a case example of needed reform. Findings Prison populations worldwide are aging at an unprecedented rate, and age-related medical costs have had serious consequences for jurisdictions struggling to respond to the changes...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282734/psychiatric-disorders-among-older-prisoners-a-systematic-review-and-comparison-study-against-older-people-in-the-community
#6
Claudio Di Lorito, Birgit Vӧllm, Tom Dening
OBJECTIVES: Despite emerging evidence that older prisoners experience poor mental health, literature in this area is still limited. In the present systematic review and meta-analysis, we report on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among older prisoners and compare our findings against community studies on older people. METHODS: We searched on Assia, PsycInfo, MedLine, Embase, Web of Science, Google and Gov.uk. We carried out bias assessments, rated studies for quality and ran a heterogeneity test...
February 7, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276180/cognitive-impairment-self-perceived-health-and-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#7
Nicolas Combalbert, Valérie Pennequin, Claude Ferrand, Marine Armand, Morgane Anselme, Brigitte Geffray
BACKGROUND: There is a wealth of studies of somatic and mental illness among prisoners, but little on older prisoners and their cognitive aging. AIMS: Our study examines the cognitive performance of older male prisoners and its effect on their perceived health and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 138 men aged 50 or over were recruited in seven French prisons and 138 men of similar ages from the general population. Two assessments of executive cognitive functions - the mini-mental state examination and the frontal assessment battery - were administered to each participant, together with self rating schedules of health (Nottingham Health Profile), subjective state of mental health and quality of life (the brief World Health Organisation Quality of Life Questionnaire)...
March 9, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266347/mental-disorders-perceived-health-and-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners-in-france
#8
Nicolas Combalbert, Claude Ferrand, Valérie Pennequin, Moussa Keita, Brigitte Geffray
People serving prison sentences have major needs in terms of their physical and mental health. However, little is known about the prevalence of mental disorders affecting older prisoners and about how they evaluate their state of health and their quality of life. The aim of our study is to identify whether there is a link between mental disorders and the level of perceived health and quality of life of older prisoners. For the group 1, we recruited 138 male prisoners aged 50 and over in 7 French prisons. The control group was composed of 138 community-dwelling men aged 50 and over...
March 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257402/poorly-controlled-diabetes-in-new-york-city-mapping-high-density-neighborhoods
#9
Winfred Y Wu, Qun Jiang, Steve S Di Lonardo
OBJECTIVE: To identify geographic areas in New York City (NYC) for implementing programming focused on reducing the burden attributed to poor glycemic control and improving the health of New Yorkers. DESIGN: We geocoded addresses of NYC residents in the NYC Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C) Registry with high (>9%) HbA1c test values from 2011 to 2013 on an NYC base map. The ArcGIS point density spatial analysis tool was applied to create a map of NYC residents with diabetes in poor glycemic control...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#10
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157438/exploring-the-association-between-race-and-health-among-older-adults-who-are-incarcerated
#11
Tina Maschi, Qiuhu Shi, Kirsten Forseth, Pedro Laureano, Deborah Viola
One of the little known ironies in the field of prison health is the notion that prison may actually have health-stabilizing effects for some groups. This study contributes to this line of inquiry by examining a variety of physical and mental health indicators among an older cohort of prisoners. Furthermore, this study's focus on race addresses a notable gap in the growing literature on older prisoner health. A cross-section of 625 males who were incarcerated residing in a northeastern state prison system was surveyed and data on self-reported health status and stress and individual demographics characteristics were collected...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100148/palliative-care-in-uk-prisons
#12
Mary Turner, Marian Peacock
Despite falling crime rates in England and Wales over the past 20 years, the number of prisoners has doubled. People over the age of 50 constitute the fastest growing section of the prison population, and increasing numbers of older prisoners are dying in custody. This article discusses some of the issues raised by these changing demographics and draws on preliminary findings from a study underway in North West England. It describes the context behind the rise in the numbers of older prisoners; explores the particular needs of this growing population; and discusses some of the practical and emotional challenges for prison officers, health care staff, and fellow prisoners who are involved in caring for dying prisoners in a custodial environment...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903880/aging-prisoners-views-on-healthcare-services-in-swiss-prisons
#13
Serena Galli, Wiebke Bretschneider, Bernice Simone Elger, Violet Handtke, David Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Due to the higher morbidity prevalent in the increasing older population, prisons are facing new challenges on a structural, ethical, and financial level. This study's goal was to explore older prisoners' views and experiences regarding the quality of medical services. METHOD: In this qualitative study, 35 semi-structured interviews were conducted with older inmates aged 50 years and above in 12 different prisons in the German-speaking (23 interviews) and the French-speaking parts (12 interviews) of Switzerland...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866873/factors-associated-with-the-uptake-of-and-adherence-to-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-in-people-who-have-injected-drugs-an-observational-open-label-extension-of-the-bangkok-tenofovir-study
#14
Michael Martin, Suphak Vanichseni, Pravan Suntharasamai, Udomsak Sangkum, Philip A Mock, Benjamaporn Chaipung, Dararat Worrajittanon, Manoj Leethochawalit, Sithisat Chiamwongpaet, Somyot Kittimunkong, Roman J Gvetadze, Janet M McNicholl, Lynn A Paxton, Marcel E Curlin, Timothy H Holtz, Taraz Samandari, Kachit Choopanya
BACKGROUND: Results of the randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled Bangkok Tenofovir Study (BTS) showed that taking tenofovir daily as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can reduce the risk of HIV infection by 49% in people who inject drugs. In an extension to the trial, participants were offered 1 year of open-label tenofovir. We aimed to examine the demographic characteristics, drug use, and risk behaviours associated with participants' uptake of and adherence to PrEP. METHODS: In this observational, open-label extension of the BTS (NCT00119106), non-pregnant, non-breastfeeding, HIV-negative BTS participants, all of whom were current or previous injecting drug users at the time of enrolment in the BTS, were offered daily oral tenofovir (300 mg) for 1 year at 17 Bangkok Metropolitan Administration drug-treatment clinics...
February 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831779/older-prisoners-and-the-physical-health-effects-of-solitary-confinement
#15
Brie A Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808626/health-care-in-prisons
#16
(no author information available yet)
The number of prisoners over the age of 60 has tripled, says prisons and probation ombudsman Nigel Newcomen, so there needs to be a properly resourced national care strategy for the rapidly growing population of older prisoners.
October 19, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742859/childhood-adversity-and-mental-health-correlates-of-obesity-in-a-population-at-risk
#17
Kathleen Brewer-Smyth, Monica Cornelius, Ryan T Pohlig
The staggering prevalence of obesity and obesity-related health conditions takes exorbitant tolls on health care resources. This cross-sectional study with private evaluations of 636 adult inmates in a southern state prison was conducted with regressions comparing obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30) to nonobese individuals to define obesity risk factors. Obese individuals more likely were female, were victims of childhood sexual abuse, suffered greater severity of childhood sexual abuse, attempted suicide, reported drug dependency, were non-Caucasian, and were older than nonobese...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671447/psychological-distress-among-older-prisoners-associations-with-health-health-care-utilization-and-the-prison-environment
#18
Susan Baidawi, Christopher Trotter
Physical and functional health issues among older prisoners may be difficult to address in an environment designed for younger inmates. This article investigates the relationships between older prisoners' health, their experiences of the prison environment and health services, and their levels of psychological distress. One hundred and seventy-three older prisoners (aged 50 years and older) from eight Australian prisons were interviewed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, with additional information collected from prisoner interviews and correctional health files...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650475/disability-in-prison-activities-of-daily-living-and-likelihood-of-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-older-prisoners
#19
Lisa C Barry, Dorothy B Wakefield, Robert L Trestman, Yeates Conwell
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine if disability in activities of daily living specific to prison, prison activities of daily living (PADLs), is associated with depression and severity of suicidal ideation (SI) in older prisoners, a rapidly growing population at high risk of suicide. METHODS: Cross-sectional design using data from a study of prisoners age ≥50 years (N = 167). Depression was operationalized as a score of ≥15 on the 9-item Physician Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641249/impact-of-prospective-verification-of-intravenous-antibiotics-in-an-ed
#20
Allyson Hunt, Steven Nakajima, Lisa Hall Zimmerman, Manav Patel
BACKGROUND: Delay in appropriate antibiotic therapy is associated with an increase in mortality and prolonged length of stay. Automatic dispensing machines decrease the delivery time of intravenous (IV) antibiotics to patients in the emergency department (ED). However, when IV antibiotics are not reviewed by pharmacists before being administered, patients are at risk for receiving inappropriate antibiotic therapy. The objective of this study was to determine if a difference exists in the time to administration of appropriate antibiotic therapy before and after implementation of prospective verification of antibiotics in the ED...
December 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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