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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903880/aging-prisoners-views-on-healthcare-services-in-swiss-prisons
#1
Serena Galli, Wiebke Bretschneider, Bernice Simone Elger, Violet Handtke, David Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Due to the higher morbidity prevalent in the increasing older population, prisons are facing new challenges on a structural, ethical, and financial level. This study's goal was to explore older prisoners' views and experiences regarding the quality of medical services. METHOD: In this qualitative study, 35 semi-structured interviews were conducted with older inmates aged 50 years and above in 12 different prisons in the German-speaking (23 interviews) and the French-speaking parts (12 interviews) of Switzerland...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866873/factors-associated-with-the-uptake-of-and-adherence-to-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-in-people-who-have-injected-drugs-an-observational-open-label-extension-of-the-bangkok-tenofovir-study
#2
Michael Martin, Suphak Vanichseni, Pravan Suntharasamai, Udomsak Sangkum, Philip A Mock, Benjamaporn Chaipung, Dararat Worrajittanon, Manoj Leethochawalit, Sithisat Chiamwongpaet, Somyot Kittimunkong, Roman J Gvetadze, Janet M McNicholl, Lynn A Paxton, Marcel E Curlin, Timothy H Holtz, Taraz Samandari, Kachit Choopanya
BACKGROUND: Results of the randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled Bangkok Tenofovir Study (BTS) showed that taking tenofovir daily as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can reduce the risk of HIV infection by 49% in people who inject drugs. In an extension to the trial, participants were offered 1 year of open-label tenofovir. We aimed to examine the demographic characteristics, drug use, and risk behaviours associated with participants' uptake of and adherence to PrEP. METHODS: In this observational, open-label extension of the BTS (NCT00119106), non-pregnant, non-breastfeeding, HIV-negative BTS participants, all of whom were current or previous injecting drug users at the time of enrolment in the BTS, were offered daily oral tenofovir (300 mg) for 1 year at 17 Bangkok Metropolitan Administration drug-treatment clinics...
November 17, 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831779/older-prisoners-and-the-physical-health-effects-of-solitary-confinement
#3
Brie A Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808626/health-care-in-prisons
#4
(no author information available yet)
The number of prisoners over the age of 60 has tripled, says prisons and probation ombudsman Nigel Newcomen, so there needs to be a properly resourced national care strategy for the rapidly growing population of older prisoners.
October 19, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742859/childhood-adversity-and-mental-health-correlates-of-obesity-in-a-population-at-risk
#5
Kathleen Brewer-Smyth, Monica Cornelius, Ryan T Pohlig
The staggering prevalence of obesity and obesity-related health conditions takes exorbitant tolls on health care resources. This cross-sectional study with private evaluations of 636 adult inmates in a southern state prison was conducted with regressions comparing obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30) to nonobese individuals to define obesity risk factors. Obese individuals more likely were female, were victims of childhood sexual abuse, suffered greater severity of childhood sexual abuse, attempted suicide, reported drug dependency, were non-Caucasian, and were older than nonobese...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671447/psychological-distress-among-older-prisoners-associations-with-health-health-care-utilization-and-the-prison-environment
#6
Susan Baidawi, Christopher Trotter
Physical and functional health issues among older prisoners may be difficult to address in an environment designed for younger inmates. This article investigates the relationships between older prisoners' health, their experiences of the prison environment and health services, and their levels of psychological distress. One hundred and seventy-three older prisoners (aged 50 years and older) from eight Australian prisons were interviewed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, with additional information collected from prisoner interviews and correctional health files...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650475/disability-in-prison-activities-of-daily-living-and-likelihood-of-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-older-prisoners
#7
Lisa C Barry, Dorothy B Wakefield, Robert L Trestman, Yeates Conwell
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine if disability in activities of daily living specific to prison, prison activities of daily living (PADLs), is associated with depression and severity of suicidal ideation (SI) in older prisoners, a rapidly growing population at high risk of suicide. METHODS: Cross-sectional design using data from a study of prisoners age ≥50 years (N = 167). Depression was operationalized as a score of ≥15 on the 9-item Physician Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641249/impact-of-prospective-verification-of-intravenous-antibiotics-in-an-ed
#8
Allyson Hunt, Steven Nakajima, Lisa Hall Zimmerman, Manav Patel
BACKGROUND: Delay in appropriate antibiotic therapy is associated with an increase in mortality and prolonged length of stay. Automatic dispensing machines decrease the delivery time of intravenous (IV) antibiotics to patients in the emergency department (ED). However, when IV antibiotics are not reviewed by pharmacists before being administered, patients are at risk for receiving inappropriate antibiotic therapy. The objective of this study was to determine if a difference exists in the time to administration of appropriate antibiotic therapy before and after implementation of prospective verification of antibiotics in the ED...
September 6, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636529/do-ems-providers-accurately-ascertain-anticoagulant-and-antiplatelet-use-in-older-adults-with-head-trauma
#9
Daniel K Nishijima, Samuel Gaona, Trent Waechter, Ric Maloney, Troy Bair, Adam Blitz, Andrew R Elms, Roel D Farrales, Calvin Howard, James Montoya, Jeneita M Bell, Victor C Coronado, David E Sugerman, Dustin W Ballard, Kevin E Mackey, David R Vinson, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Prehospital provider assessment of the use of anticoagulant or antiplatelet medications in older adults with head trauma is important. These patients are at increased risk for traumatic intracranial hemorrhage and therefore field triage guidelines recommend transporting these patients to centers capable of rapid evaluation and treatment. Our objective was to evaluate EMS ascertainment of anticoagulant and antiplatelet medication use in older adults with head trauma. METHODS: A retrospective study of older adults with head trauma was conducted throughout Sacramento County...
September 16, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573969/prisons-must-develop-dementia-strategy
#10
(no author information available yet)
'The prison service badly needs a properly resourced national strategy for its rapidly growing population of older prisoners, to guide its staff in their management of age-related conditions, such as dementia'.
August 2016: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548019/patterns-of-older-and-younger-prisoners-primary-healthcare-utilization-in-switzerland
#11
Tenzin Wangmo, Sirin Hauri, Andrea H Meyer, Bernice S Elger
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify primary health concerns prompting older and younger prisoners in Switzerland to consult a nurse or a general practitioner (GP) within the prison healthcare setting, and explores if these reasons for visits differ by age group (49 years and younger vs 50 years and older). The authors used 50 years and older as the benchmark for older prisoners in light of literature indicating accelerated aging among prisoners. Design/methodology/approach Retrospective information from medical records of 406 prisoners were collected for a period of six months...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455177/intersecting-epidemics-of-hiv-hcv-and-syphilis-among-soon-to-be-released-prisoners-in-kyrgyzstan-implications-for-prevention-and-treatment
#12
Lyuba Azbel, Maxim Polonsky, Martin Wegman, Natalya Shumskaya, Ainura Kurmanalieva, Akylbek Asanov, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Sergii Dvoriak, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Central Asia is afflicted with increasing HIV incidence, low antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage and increasing AIDS mortality, driven primarily by people who inject drugs (PWID). Reliable data about HIV, other infectious diseases, and substance use disorders in prisoners in this region is lacking and could provide important insights into how to improve HIV prevention and treatment efforts in the region. METHODS: A randomly sampled, nationwide biobehavioural health survey was conducted in 8 prisons in Kyrgyzstan among all soon-to-be-released prisoners; women were oversampled...
November 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426440/mental-health-of-prisoners-prevalence-adverse-outcomes-and-interventions
#13
REVIEW
Seena Fazel, Adrian J Hayes, Katrina Bartellas, Massimo Clerici, Robert Trestman
More than 10 million people are imprisoned worldwide, and the prevalence of all investigated mental disorders is higher in prisoners than in the general population. Although the extent to which prison increases the incidence of mental disorders is uncertain, considerable evidence suggests low rates of identification and treatment of psychiatric disorders. Prisoners are also at increased risk of all-cause mortality, suicide, self-harm, violence, and victimisation, and research has outlined some modifiable risk factors...
September 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302710/changes-in-health-perceptions-of-male-prisoners-following-a-smoking-cessation-program
#14
Stephanie Muir, Bob Marshall
The aim was to explore the changes in health perceptions of men in prison following a smoking cessation program. Interviews, lung age tests, and a quality-of-life questionnaire were carried out with prisoners. Four main themes emerged from the interviews: the increase in exercise tolerance with improvements in general health, an ability to taste food again, an acknowledgment of stress, and the reasoning behind beginning smoking. Lung age tests showed most prisoners had a lung age older than their chronological age...
July 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276386/prison-experiences-and-psychological-distress-among-older-inmates
#15
Susan Baidawi, Christopher Trotter, Catherine Flynn
This study investigates relationships between older prisoners' social experiences and their levels of distress. One hundred and seventy-three older prisoners (aged ≥ 50 years) from 8 Australian prisons were administered the Kessler Psychological Distress (K10) Scale, with additional information collected via individual interviews. Psychological distress scores were significantly associated with measures of self-reported safety (p < .001), prison victimization (p < .05), perceived social support from staff (p < ...
April 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232373/-coming-out-of-prison-an-exploratory-study-of-lgbt-elders-in-the-criminal-justice-system
#16
Tina Maschi, Jo Rees, Eileen Klein
This two-phase qualitative study explores the experiences of 10 formerly incarcerated LGBT elders' experiences prior to, during, and after release from prison. A core theme of self and the social mirror emerged from the data that represented LGBT elders ongoing coming-out process of unearthing their "true selves" despite managing multiple stigmatized identities or social locations, such as being LGBT, elderly, HIV positive, formerly incarcerated, and a racial/ethnic minority. These findings further our awareness of an overlooked population of LGBT who are older and involved in the criminal justice system...
September 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197601/undiagnosed-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-prisoners-in-malaysia-an-overlooked-risk-for-tuberculosis-in-the-community
#17
Haider Abdulrazzaq Abed Al-Darraji, Frederick L Altice, Adeeba Kamarulzaman
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of previously-undiagnosed active tuberculosis (TB) cases among prisoners in Malaysia's largest prison using an intensified TB case-finding strategy. METHODS: From October 2012 to May 2013, prisoners housed in two distinct units (HIV-negative and HIV-positive) were approached to participate in the TB screening study. Consenting prisoners submitted 2 sputum samples that were examined using GeneXpert MTB/RIF, smear microscopy, and liquid culture...
May 20, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166144/does-witnessing-animal-cruelty-and-being-abused-during-childhood-predict-the-initial-age-and-recurrence-of-committing-childhood-animal-cruelty
#18
John A Browne, Christopher Hensley, Karen M McGuffee
The goal of the current study was to examine the association between demographic characteristics and childhood experiences on the respondents' age of committing childhood animal cruelty and its recurrency. Using data collected from 257 male inmates at a Southern medium-security state prison, the current study seeks to replicate a study by Hensley, Tallichet, and Dutkiewicz. Results revealed that those respondents who were physically abused as children reported engaging in recurrent animal cruelty. The younger the age of respondent for first witnessing animal cruelty, the sooner his initiation to hurting and killing animals occurred...
May 10, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092460/assisted-suicide-for-prisoners-stakeholder-and-prisoner-perspectives
#19
David Shaw, Bernice Elger
For a wider project on ageing in prison, we interviewed thirty-five older prisoners and twenty-four stakeholders (prison staff, prison healthcare professionals and policy makers) about healthcare for prisoners. In all, six prisoners and three stakeholders spontaneously expressed their attitudes concerning assisted suicide. Some prisoners seek assisted suicide for medical reasons and others because they regard spending the rest of their lives in prison as undignified. However, stakeholders identified several ethical and practical challenges in providing assisted suicide to prisoners...
April 19, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037162/unlocking-the-doors-to-canadian-older-inmate-mental-health-data-rates-and-potential-legal-responses
#20
Adelina Iftene
This article is based on a quantitative study investigating the quality of life of older Canadian prisoners. For this study, social science methodology was used to answer certain legal questions, such as: what are the mental health issues of older male offenders and how are these needs influencing the exercise of their legal rights? Are institutions prepared to deal with the increased needs of older offenders? If no, is this an infringement of this group's rights? In this article, the mental health problems of older offenders are first outlined...
July 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
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