keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Endurance exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786571/-the-disorders-of-the-musculoskeletal-system-in-patients-hospitalized-in-the-geriatric-ward
#1
Maria Matla, Jakub Rajtar-Zembaty, Waldemar Zawada
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In recent years the interest in the quality of life in old age has been rising, which no doubt is closely linked with the growing population of elderly people. The problems associated with declined functionality of the locomotor system, which naturally occur with age, contribute to increasing morbidity in elderly patients. It is known that lack of exercise can lead to increased aging and disability. Applying the Senior Fitness Test (SFT) allows to explore and assess the patient's mobility...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784554/renal-stress-and-kidney-injury-biomarkers-in-response-to-endurance-cycling-in-the-heat-with-and-without-ibuprofen
#2
Brendon P McDermott, Cody R Smith, Cory L Butts, Aaron R Caldwell, Elaine C Lee, Jakob L Vingren, Colleen X Munoz, Laura J Kunces, Keith Williamson, Matthew S Ganio, Lawrence E Armstrong
Exercise, especially in the heat, can contribute to acute kidney injury, which can expedite chronic kidney disease onset. The additional stress of ibuprofen use is hypothesized to increase renal stress. OBJECTIVES: To observe the effects of endurance cycling in the heat on renal function. Secondarily, we investigated the effect of ibuprofen ingestion on kidney stress. DESIGN: Randomized, placebo controlled and observational methods were utilized. METHODS: Forty cyclists (52±9y, 21...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781119/the-effect-of-lifelong-exercise-frequency-on-arterial-stiffness
#3
Shigeki Shibata, Naoki Fujimoto, Jeffrey L Hastings, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, Paul S Bhella, Christopher Hearon, Benjamin D Levine
Central arterial stiffness increases with sedentary aging. While near-daily, vigorous lifelong (>25 yr) endurance exercise training prevents arterial stiffening with aging, this rigorous routine of exercise training over a lifetime is impractical for most individuals. The aim was to examine whether a less frequent 'dose' of lifelong exercise training (4-5 sessions/wk for > 30 min) that is consistent with current physical activity recommendations elicits similar benefits on central arterial stiffening with aging...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780326/effects-of-ginseng-supplementation-and-endurance-exercise-in-the-artery-specific-vascular-responsiveness-of-diabetic-and-sedentary-rats
#4
Juan M Murias, Mao Jiang, Tomasz Dzialoszynski, Earl G Noble
This study examined the effects of 12 weeks North-American ginseng supplementation, exercise training, and sedentary behavior on vascular responses in type I diabetic rats. The following hypotheses were tested: (1) ginseng supplementation would result in improved vascular responsiveness and sensitivity; (2) exercise training would result in further improvement in these vascular responses; (3) control rats with no access to exercise would show a depressed vascular response compared to control rats that were not exposed to a sedentary lifestyle...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777633/hypertrophic-effect-of-inhaled-beta-2-agonist-with-and-without-concurrent-exercise-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Søren Jessen, Johan Onslev, Anders Lemminger, Vibeke Backer, Jens Bangsbo, Morten Hostrup
INTRODUCTION: Due to a high prevalence of asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in elite athletes, there is a high use of beta2 -adrenoceptor agonists (beta2 -agonists) in the athletic population. While anabolic in rodents, no study has been able to detect hypertrophy in humans after chronic beta2 -agonist inhalation. METHODS: We investigated if inhaled beta2 -agonist, terbutaline, alters body composition and metabolic rate with and without concurrent exercise training in healthy young men...
May 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777386/substrate-metabolism-during-ironman-triathlon-different-horses-on-the-same-courses
#6
Ed Maunder, Andrew E Kilding, Daniel J Plews
Ironman triathlons are ultra-endurance events of extreme duration. The performance level of those competing varies dramatically, with elite competitors finishing in ~ 8:00:00, and lower performing amateurs finishing in ~ 14-15:00:00. When applying appropriate values for swimming, cycling and running economies to these performance times, it is demonstrated that the absolute energy cost of these events is high, and the rate of energy expenditure increases in proportion with the athlete's competitive level...
May 18, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776561/circulating-micrornas-as-emerging-cardiac-biomarkers-responsive-to-acute-exercise
#7
David de Gonzalo-Calvo, Alberto Dávalos, Manuel Fernández-Sanjurjo, Laura Amado-Rodríguez, Susana Díaz-Coto, Cristina Tomás-Zapico, Ana Montero, Ángela García-González, Vicenta Llorente-Cortés, Maria Eugenia Heras, Araceli Boraita Pérez, Ángel E Díaz-Martínez, Natalia Úbeda, Eduardo Iglesias-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Circulating microRNAs (c-miRNAs) are mediators of intercellular communication with great potential as cardiac biomarkers. The analysis of c-miRNAs in response to physiological stress, such as exercise, would provide valuable information for clinical practice and a deeper understanding of the molecular response to physical activity. Here, we analysed for the first time the acute exercise response of c-miRNAs reported as biomarkers of cardiac disease in a well-characterized cohort of healthy active adults...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773412/athlete-s-heart-is-the-morganroth-hypothesis-obsolete
#8
Mark J Haykowsky, T Jake Samuel, Michael D Nelson, Andre La Gerche
In 1975, Morganroth and colleagues reported that the increased left ventricular (LV) mass in highly trained endurance athletes versus nonathletes was primarily due to increased end-diastolic volume while the increased LV mass in resistance trained athletes was solely due to an increased LV wall thickness. Based on the divergent remodelling patterns observed, Morganroth and colleagues hypothesised that the increased "volume" load during endurance exercise may be similar to that which occurs in patients with mitral or aortic regurgitation while the "pressure" load associated with performing a Valsalva manoeuvre (VM) during resistance exercise may mimic the stress imposed on the heart by systemic hypertension or aortic stenosis...
May 1, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767544/the-aerobic-resistance-inspiratory-muscle-training-hypothesis-in-heart-failure
#9
Ioannis D Laoutaris
Evidence from large multicentre exercise intervention trials in heart failure patients, investigating both moderate continuous aerobic training and high intensity interval training, indicates that the 'crème de la crème' exercise programme for this population remains to be found. The 'aerobic/resistance/inspiratory (ARIS) muscle training hypothesis in heart failure' is introduced, suggesting that combined ARIS muscle training may result in maximal exercise pathophysiological and functional benefits in heart failure patients...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765327/cardiovascular-adaptive-homeostasis-in-exercise
#10
Kelvin J A Davies
Adaptive Homeostasis has been defined as, "The transient expansion or contraction of the homeostatic range in response to exposure to sub-toxic, non-damaging, signaling molecules or events, or the removal or cessation of such molecules or events." (Davies, 2016). I propose that one of the most significant examples of adaptive homeostasis may be the adaptation of the cardiovascular system to exercise training. In particular, endurance type training involves the generation of increased levels of free radicals such as ubisemiquinone, superoxide, nitric oxide, and other (non-radical) reactive oxygen species such as hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ), in a repetitive manner, typically several times per week...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765176/impairments-of-postural-control-functional-performance-and-strength-in-morbidly-obese-patients-awaiting-bariatric-surgery-in-comparison-to-healthy-individuals
#11
Max Lennart Eckstein, Jimmy Bradley Lawrence, Christoph Otto, Peggy Kotsch, Janin Messerschmidt, Richard Michael Bracken, Othmar Moser
[Purpose] There is a lack of information evaluating specific markers of performance in patients awaiting bariatric surgery. We aimed to assess the postural control, functional performance, strength and endurance performance for morbidly obese patients awaiting bariatric surgery compared to lean controls. [Subjects and Methods] All parameters were assessed by modified Y-balance test, timed-up-and-go-test, maximum strength testing on resistance exercise equipment and cardio-pulmonary exercise testing on a cycle ergometer in 10 morbidly obese patients awaiting bariatric surgery and 10 age- and sex-matched lean controls...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764393/telerehabilitation-versus-traditional-centre-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-chronic-respiratory-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Narelle S Cox, Christine F McDonald, Jennifer A Alison, Ajay Mahal, Richard Wootton, Catherine J Hill, Janet Bondarenko, Heather Macdonald, Paul O'Halloran, Paolo Zanaboni, Ken Clarke, Deidre Rennick, Kaye Borgelt, Angela T Burge, Aroub Lahham, Bruna Wageck, Hayley Crute, Pawel Czupryn, Amanda Nichols, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective therapeutic intervention for people with chronic respiratory disease. However, fewer than 5% of eligible individuals receive pulmonary rehabilitation on an annual basis, largely due to limited availability of services and difficulties associated with travel and transport. The Rehabilitation Exercise At Home (REAcH) study is an assessor-blinded, multi-centre, randomised controlled equivalence trial designed to compare the efficacy of home-based telerehabilitation and traditional centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation in people with chronic respiratory disease...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759716/atrial-fibrillation-in-athletes-a-lesson-in-the-virtue-of-moderation
#13
REVIEW
N A Mark Estes, Christopher Madias
Although the cardiovascular benefits of moderate exercise are well established, there is growing epidemiological support for the notion that high-intensity endurance athletics increases the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). There are many gaps in evidence related to epidemiology and mechanisms of AF in endurance athletes. The proposed pathophysiological mechanisms include alterations of autonomic tone, electrical remodeling, anatomical remodeling, fibrosis, and inflammation. Clinical management of the athlete with AF often includes a period of decreased frequency, intensity, and duration of exercise with assessment for improvement in AF recurrence...
September 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758361/bone-accrual-in-oligo-amenorrheic-athletes-eumenorrheic-athletes-and-non-athletes
#14
Vibha Singhal, Karen Campoverde Reyes, Brooke Pfister, Kathryn Ackerman, Meghan Slattery, Katherine Cooper, Alexander Toth, Nupur Gupta, Mark Goldstein, Kamryn Eddy, Madhusmita Misra
BACKGROUND: Mechanical loading improves bone mineral density (BMD) and strength while decreasing fracture risk. Cross-sectional studies show that exercise advantage is lost in oligo-amenorrheic athletes (OA). Longitudinal studies examining the opposing effects of exercise and hypogonadism on bone are lacking in adolescents/young adults. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate differences in bone accrual over 12 months in OA, eumenorrheic athletes (EA) and non-athletes (NA). We hypothesized that bone accrual would be lower in OA than EA and NA, with differences most pronounced at non-weight bearing trabecular sites...
May 11, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757053/applying-a-low-fodmap-dietary-intervention-to-a-female-ultra-endurance-runner-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-during-a-multi-stage-ultra-marathon
#15
Stephanie K Gaskell, Ricardo J S Costa
Malabsorption of Fermentable Oligo- Di- and Mono-saccharides and Polyols (FODMAPs) in response to prolonged exercise may increase incidence of upper- and lower-gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS), which are known to impair exercise performance. The case-study aimed to explore the impact of a low-FODMAP diet on exercise-associated GIS in a female ultra-endurance runner diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), competing in a six-day 186.7 km mountainous multi-stage ultra-marathon (MSUM). IBS symptom severity score at diagnosis was 410 and following a low-FODMAP diet (3...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756638/sex-differences-in-diaphragmatic-fatigue-the-cardiovascular-response-to-inspiratory-resistance
#16
Joseph F Welch, Bruno Archiza, Jordan A Guenette, Christopher R West, A William Sheel
KEY POINTS: Diaphragmatic fatigue (DF) elicits a sympathetically mediated metaboreflex resulting in increased heart rate, blood pressure and limb vascular resistance. Women may be more resistant to DF compared to men and therefore, it was hypothesised that women would experience an attenuated inspiratory muscle metaboreflex during inspiratory pressure-threshold loading (PTL) performed to task failure. At the time of PTL task failure, the severity of DF was not different between sexes; however, inspiratory muscle endurance time was significantly longer in women than men...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753800/effect-of-sexual-intercourse-on-lower-extremity-muscle-force-in-strength-trained-men
#17
Leah M Valenti, Claudia Suchil, Gabriel Beltran, Roman C Rogers, Emily A Massey, Todd A Astorino
BACKGROUND: Sex has been deemed taboo for athletic performance going back to ancient Rome and Greece, as the act of sex was thought to promote ease and a sense of relaxation. AIM: This study examined the effect of sexual intercourse completed 12 hours before a bout of isokinetic dynamometry on muscle force production in strength-trained men. METHODS: 12 Healthy physically active men (age = 25.6 ± 3.8 years) who were sexually active participated in this study...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748195/does-high-intensity-endurance-training-increase-the-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-a-longitudinal-study-of-left-atrial-structure-and-function
#18
Mildred A Opondo, Norman Aiad, Matthew A Cain, Satyam Sarma, Erin Howden, Douglas A Stoller, Jason Ng, Pieter van Rijckevorsel, Michinari Hieda, Takashi Tarumi, M Dean Palmer, Benjamin D Levine
BACKGROUND: Exercise mitigates many cardiovascular risk factors associated with atrial fibrillation. Endurance training has been associated with atrial structural changes which can increase the risk for atrial fibrillation. The dose of exercise training required for these changes is uncertain. We sought to evaluate the impact of exercise on left atrial (LA) mechanical and electrical function in healthy, sedentary, middle-aged adults. METHODS: Sixty-one adults (52±5 years) were randomized to either 10 months of high-intensity exercise training or yoga...
May 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746639/branched-chain-amino-acids-are-the-primary-limiting-amino-acids-in-the-diets-of-endurance-trained-men-after-a-bout-of-prolonged-exercise
#19
Hiroyuki Kato, Katsuya Suzuki, Makoto Bannai, Daniel R Moore
Background: The indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method estimates the protein intake required to maximize whole-body protein synthesis and identify the daily protein requirement in a variety of populations. However, it is unclear whether the greater requirements for endurance athletes previously determined by the IAAO reflect an increased demand for all or only some amino acids. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the primary rate-limiting amino acids in endurance-trained athletes after prolonged exercise, by measuring the oxidation of ingested [1-13C]phenylalanine in response to variable amino acid intake...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743386/response-of-lipids-and-lipoproteins-to-regular-aquatic-endurance-exercise-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Yutaka Igarashi, Yoshie Nogami
AIM: No meta-analysis has examined the effect of regular aquatic endurance exercise on lipid and lipoprotein levels. The purpose of the current work was to perform a meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of regular aquatic endurance exercise on lipid and lipoprotein levels. METHODS: The inclusion criteria of the randomized controlled trials were healthy adults in an exercise group performing regular aquatic exercise and a control group not exercising, with a description of the serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol, or triglyceride levels provided...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
keyword
keyword
4635
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"