keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Endurance exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146412/skeletal-muscle-overexpression-of-nicotinamide-phosphoribosyl-transferase-in-mice-coupled-with-voluntary-exercise-augments-exercise-endurance
#1
Sheila R Costford, Bram Brouwers, Meghan E Hopf, Lauren M Sparks, Mauro Dispagna, Ana P Gomes, Heather H Cornnell, Chris Petucci, Peter Phelan, Hui Xie, Fanchao Yi, Glenn A Walter, Timothy F Osborne, David A Sinclair, Randall L Mynatt, Julio E Ayala, Stephen J Gardell, Steven R Smith
OBJECTIVE: Nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the salvage pathway that produces nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)), an essential co-substrate regulating a myriad of signaling pathways. We produced a mouse that overexpressed NAMPT in skeletal muscle (NamptTg) and hypothesized that NamptTg mice would have increased oxidative capacity, endurance performance, and mitochondrial gene expression, and would be rescued from metabolic abnormalities that developed with high fat diet (HFD) feeding...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143975/sustained-cardiac-programming-by-short-term-juvenile-exercise-training-in-male-rats
#2
Y Asif, M E Wlodek, M J Black, A P Russell, P F Soeding, G D Wadley
The aim of this study was to investigate if endurance training during juvenile life 'reprograms' the heart and leads to sustained improvements in the structure, function, and morphology of the adult heart. Male Wistar Kyoto rats were exercise trained 5 days/week for four weeks in either juvenile (5-9 weeks of age), adolescent (11-15 weeks of age) or adult life (20-24 weeks of age). Juvenile exercise training, when compared to 24 week old sedentary rats, led to sustained increases in left ventricle (LV) mass (+18%; P < 0...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141513/alternative-scapular-stabilization-exercises-to-target-strength-endurance-and-function-of-shoulders-in-tetraplegia-a-prospective-time-series-study
#3
Carolina Lins, Alex Castro, Giovanna I S Medina, Eliza R F B M Azevedo, Bruno S Donato, Marina S S Chagas, Janaína Roland Tancredo, Letícia Vargas de Almeida, Alberto Cliquet
OBJECTIVE: Scapular stabilization exercises (SSE) are well-established for the able-bodies. The aim of the current study is to access the potential benefits of SSE on isometric internal and external rotator strength, endurance and function of the shoulder in persons with tetraplegia, throughout a 12-week exercise program consisting of five resisted movements with elastic bands. DESIGN: Prospective non-controlled intervention study. Setting/Participants/Interventions: A convenience sample of 17 subjects (age, 40...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141215/octopamine-drives-endurance-exercise-adaptations-in-drosophila
#4
Alyson Sujkowski, Divya Ramesh, Axel Brockmann, Robert Wessells
Endurance exercise is an effective therapeutic intervention with substantial pro-healthspan effects. Male Drosophila respond to a ramped daily program of exercise by inducing conserved physiological responses similar to those seen in mice and humans. Female flies respond to an exercise stimulus but do not experience the adaptive training response seen in males. Here, we use female flies as a model to demonstrate that differences in exercise response are mediated by differences in neuronal activity. The activity of octopaminergic neurons is specifically required to induce the conserved cellular and physiological changes seen following endurance training...
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140910/polygenic-profile-and-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-by-a-competitive-half-ironman
#5
Juan Del Coso, Juan J Salinero, Beatriz Lara, César Gallo-Salazar, Francisco Areces, David Herrero, Carlos Puente
Del Coso, J, Salinero, JJ, Lara, B, Gallo-Salazar, C, Areces, F, Herrero, D, and Puente, C. Polygenic profile and exercise-induced muscle damage by a competitive half-ironman. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-To date, it is still unknown why some individuals develop higher levels of muscle damage than other individuals, despite participating in exercise with comparable levels of physical intensity. The aim of this investigation was to analyze 7 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are candidates to explain individual variations in the level of muscle damage attained during a half-ironman competition...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137117/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-proteomics-literature-on-the-response-of-human-skeletal-muscle-to-obesity-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-t2dm-versus-exercise-training
#6
REVIEW
Kanchana Srisawat, Sam O Shepherd, Paulo J Lisboa, Jatin G Burniston
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of proteomics literature that reports human skeletal muscle responses in the context of either pathological decline associated with obesity/T2DM and physiological adaptations to exercise training. Literature was collected from PubMed and DOAJ databases following PRISMA guidelines using the search terms 'proteom*', and 'skeletal muscle' combined with either 'obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance' or 'exercise, training'. Eleven studies were included in the systematic review, and meta-analysis was performed on a sub-set (four studies) of the reviewed literature that reported the necessary primary data...
November 11, 2017: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135398/the-effect-of-obesity-on-dyspnea-exercise-capacity-walk-work-and-workload-in-patients-with-copd
#7
Hülya Şahin, İlknur Naz, Yelda Varol, Berna Kömürcüoğlu
Introduction: COPD and obesity are major public health problems that cause mortality and morbidity all over the world. The combined of COPD and obesity is predicted to increase further in the coming years. Obesity primarily affects the pulmonary system by altering respiratory functions, exercise capacity, pulmonary gas exchange, and endurance and power of respiratory muscles. In this study, we aimed to compare the dyspnea sensation, exercise capacity, walk work and workload in obese COPD patients compared to preobese and normal overweight COPD patients...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134574/correction-to-potential-signaling-pathways-of-acute-endurance-exercise-induced-cardiac-autophagy-and-mitophagy-and-its-possible-role-in-cardioprotection
#8
Youngil Lee, Insu Kwon, Yongchul Jang, Wankeun Song, Ludmila M Cosio-Lima, Mark H Roltsch
The article Potential signaling pathways of acute endurance exercise-induced cardiac autophagy and mitophagy and its possible role in cardioprotection, written by Youngil Lee.
November 13, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133160/the-changes-of-red-blood-cell-viscoelasticity-and-sports-anemia-in-male-24-hr-ultra-marathoners
#9
Che-Hung Liu, Yen-Fang Tseng, Jiun-I Lai, Yin-Quan Chen, Shih-Hao Wang, Wei-Fong Kao, Li-Hua Li, Yu-Hui Chiu, Chorng-Kuang How, Wen-Han Chang
BACKGROUND: In endurance sports, stress, dehydration and release of chemical factors have been associated with red blood cell (RBC) alterations of structure and function, which may contribute to sports anemia, a well-observed phenomenon during long-distance running. Until now, the investigation of the changes of viscoelastic properties of RBC membrane, a decisive factor of RBC deformability to avoid hemolysis, is lacking, especially in an Oriental population. METHODS: nineteen runners were prospectively recruited into our study...
November 10, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130051/the-effect-of-a-12-week-health-training-program-on-selected-anthropometric-and-biochemical-variables-in-middle-aged-women
#10
Wanda Pilch, Łukasz Tota, Ewa Sadowska-Krępa, Anna Piotrowska, Magdalena Kępińska, Tomasz Pałka, Adam Maszczyk
Regular moderate physical activity positively affects health, fitness, and body composition; it regulates the pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines levels. Vitamin D plays an important regulatory role; its adequate levels correlate with low values of inflammation markers and an increase in muscle strength and fitness in exercising people. The study's aim was to evaluate changes in somatic variables, oxidative stress, and inflammation markers, as well as blood calcidiol concentration in middle-aged healthy women after 12 weeks of aerobics classes-endurance exercises, including choreographic sequences, aiming to improve fitness and motor coordination...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127759/is-irisin-the-new-player-in-exercise-induced-adaptations-or-not-a-2017-update
#11
REVIEW
Ioannis G Fatouros
Irisin is produced by a proteolytic cleavage of fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5 (FNDC5) and has emerged as a potential mediator of exercise-induced energy metabolism. The purpose of this study was to review the results of studies that investigated irisin responses to acute and chronic exercise and provide an update. A comprehensive search in the databases of MEDLINE was performed (74 exercise studies). The focus of the analysis was on data concerning FNDC5 mRNA expression in skeletal muscle and circulating irisin concentration relatively to exercise mode, intensity, frequency and duration and the characteristics of the sample used...
November 11, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127601/interpreting-adaptation-to-concurrent-compared-with-single-mode-exercise-training-some-methodological-considerations
#12
REVIEW
Jackson J Fyfe, Jeremy P Loenneke
Incorporating both endurance and resistance training into an exercise regime is termed concurrent training. While there is evidence that concurrent training can attenuate resistance training-induced improvements in maximal strength and muscle hypertrophy, research findings are often equivocal, with some suggesting short-term concurrent training may instead further enhance muscle hypertrophy versus resistance training alone. These observations have questioned the validity of the purported 'interference effect' on muscle hypertrophy with concurrent versus single-mode resistance training...
November 10, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127510/recovery-following-a-marathon-a-comparison-of-cold-water-immersion-whole-body-cryotherapy-and-a-placebo-control
#13
Laura J Wilson, Emma Cockburn, Katherine Paice, Scott Sinclair, Tanwir Faki, Frank A Hills, Marcela B Gondek, Alyssa Wood, Lygeri Dimitriou
PURPOSE: Cryotherapy is an increasingly popular recovery strategy used in an attempt to attenuate the negative impact of strenuous physical activity on subsequent exercise. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the effects of whole body cryotherapy (WBC) and cold water immersion (CWI) on markers of recovery following a marathon. METHODS: Thirty-one endurance trained males completed a marathon. Participants were randomly assigned to a CWI, WBC or placebo group. Perceptions of muscle soreness, training stress and markers of muscle function were recorded before the marathon and at 24 and 48 h post exercise...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125913/standardized-kaempferia-parviflora-extract-enhances-exercise-performance-through-activation-of-mitochondrial-biogenesis
#14
Mi-Bo Kim, Taeyoon Kim, Changhee Kim, Jae-Kwan Hwang
Exercise enhances mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle. Increased mitochondrial function and content can contribute to the improvement in skeletal muscle function and the benefits of exercise by increasing the response to energy demands. The effect of standardized Kaempferia parviflora extract (KPE) on exercise performance was accessed in L6 myotubes and C57BL/6J mice. KPE significantly activated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) and increased mitochondrial density in L6 myotubes...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122250/trunk-and-hip-muscle-activation-during-yoga-poses-implications-for-physical-therapy-practice
#15
Debra Beazley, Shilpa Patel, Brent Davis, Steven Vinson, Lori Bolgla
OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare activation of core muscles during yoga to traditional back exercises. METHODS: Surface electromyography was used to quantify activation of the rectus abdominis (RA), abdominal obliques (AO), lumbar extensors (LE), and gluteus maximus (GMX) during four yoga poses. Data were expressed as 100% of a maximum voluntary isometric contraction. Separate analyses of variance with repeated measures were used to compare muscle activity across each exercise...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120091/running-wheel-activity-delays-mitochondrial-respiratory-flux-decline-in-aging-mouse-muscle-via-a-post-transcriptional-mechanism
#16
Sarah Stolle, Jolita Ciapaite, Aaffien C Reijne, Alzbeta Talarovicova, Justina C Wolters, Raúl Aguirre-Gamboa, Pieter van der Vlies, Kim de Lange, Pieter B Neerincx, Gerben van der Vries, Patrick Deelen, Morris A Swertz, Yang Li, Rainer Bischoff, Hjalmar P Permentier, Peter L Horvatovitch, Albert K Groen, Gertjan van Dijk, Dirk-Jan Reijngoud, Barbara M Bakker
Loss of mitochondrial respiratory flux is a hallmark of skeletal muscle aging, contributing to a progressive decline of muscle strength. Endurance exercise alleviates the decrease in respiratory flux, both in humans and in rodents. Here, we dissect the underlying mechanism of mitochondrial flux decline by integrated analysis of the molecular network. Mice were given a lifelong ad libitum low-fat or high-fat sucrose diet and were further divided into sedentary and running-wheel groups. At 6, 12, 18 and 24 months, muscle weight, triglyceride content and mitochondrial respiratory flux were analysed...
November 9, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119861/carbohydrate-and-fat-oxidation-in-persons-with-lower-limb-amputation-during-walking-with-different-speeds
#17
Terje Gjovaag, Peyman Mirtaheri, Inger Marie Starholm
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that the energy expenditure of healthy persons (control) during walking with the preferred walking speed in steady-state conditions is dominated by fat oxidation. Conversely, carbohydrate and fat oxidation during walking is little investigated in transfemoral amputees. OBJECTIVES: To investigate carbohydrate and fat oxidation, energy cost of walking, and percent utilization of maximal aerobic capacity [Formula: see text]during walking...
November 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119399/green-tea-extract-increases-the-expression-of-genes-responsible-for-regulation-of-calcium-balance-in-rat-slow-twitch-muscles-under-conditions-of-exhausting-exercise
#18
E A Korf, I V Kubasov, M S Vonsky, A V Novozhilov, A L Runov, E V Kurchakova, E V Matrosova, T V Tavrovskaya, N V Goncharov
We studied the role of calcium-regulating structures of slow- (m. soleus, SOL) and fast-twitch (m. extensor digitorum longus, EDL) skeletal muscles of rats during adaptation to exhausting physical activity and the possibility of modulating this adaptation with decaffeinated green tea extract. It was established that EDL adaptation is mainly aimed at Са(2+) elimination from the sarcoplasm by Са-ATPase and its retention in the reticulum by calsequestrin. Administration of green tea extract increased endurance due to involvement of slow-twitch muscles whose adaptation is associated with enhanced expression of all the studied genes responsible for the regulation of Ca(2+) balance...
November 9, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119301/whole-body-vibration-added-to-treatment-as-usual-is-effective-in-adolescents-with-depression-a-partly-randomized-three-armed-clinical-trial-in-inpatients
#19
Heidrun Lioba Wunram, Stefanie Hamacher, Martin Hellmich, Maxi Volk, Franziska Jänicke, Franziska Reinhard, Wilhelm Bloch, Philipp Zimmer, Christine Graf, Eckhard Schönau, Gerd Lehmkuhl, Stephan Bender, Oliver Fricke
There is growing evidence for the effectiveness of exercise in the treatment of adult major depression. With regard to adolescents, clinical trials are scarce. Due to the inherent symptoms of depression (lack of energy, low motivation to exercise), endurance training forms could be too demanding especially in the first weeks of treatment. We hypothesized that an easy-to-perform passive muscular training on a whole body vibration (WBV) device has equal anti-depressive effects compared to a cardiovascular training, both administered as add-ons to treatment as usual (TAU)...
November 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119246/skeletal-muscle-and-performance-adaptations-to-high-intensity-training-in-elite-male-soccer-players-speed-endurance-runs-versus-small-sided-game-training
#20
Dan Fransson, Tobias Schmidt Nielsen, Karl Olsson, Tobias Christensson, Paul S Bradley, Ioannis G Fatouros, Peter Krustrup, Nikolai Baastrup Nordsborg, Magni Mohr
PURPOSE: To examine the skeletal muscle and performance responses across two different exercise training modalities which are highly applied in soccer training. METHODS: Using an RCT design, 39 well-trained male soccer players were randomized into either a speed endurance training (SET; n = 21) or a small-sided game group (SSG; n = 18). Over 4 weeks, thrice weekly, SET performed 6-10 × 30-s all-out runs with 3-min recovery, while SSG completed 2 × 7-9-min small-sided games with 2-min recovery...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
keyword
keyword
4635
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"