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Pediatric ER

Erhan Er, Şeref Kerem Çorbacıoğlu, Sertaç Güler, Şahin Aslan, Meltem Seviner, Gökhan Aksel, Burak Bekgöz
PURPOSE: Aimed to analyze demographical data and injury characteristics of patients who were injured in the Syrian Civil War (SCW) and to define differences in injury characteristics between adult and pediatric patients. METHODOLOGY: Patients who were injured in the SCW and transferred to our emergency department were retrospectively analyzed in this study during the 15-month period between July 2013 and October 2014. RESULTS: During the study period, 1591 patients who were the victims of the SCW and admitted to our emergency department due to war injury enrolled in the study...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Pooja Rao, Yimei Li, Kelly D Getz, Tamara P Miller, Yuan-Shung Huang, Jennifer J Wilkes, Alix E Seif, Rochelle Bagatell, Brian T Fisher, Clarisa Gracia, Richard Aplenc
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with cancer engage in sexual behaviors and are exposed to teratogenic chemotherapy. There are no data regarding pregnancy screening patterns for adolescents before chemotherapy exposure. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of leukemia and emergency room (ER) admissions in the Pediatric Health Information System from 1999 to 2011 was conducted. Females who were 10 to 18 years old and 1) had newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or 2) had ER visits with computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen/pelvis were included...
September 12, 2016: Cancer
Sung-Min Park, Gun-Wook Kim, Je-Ho Mun, Margaret Song, Hoon-Soo Kim, Byung-Soo Kim, Moon-Bum Kim, Hyun-Chang Ko
BACKGROUND: Conventional treatments for warts like cryotherapy are limited by the pain during procedures, especially in pediatric patients. Imiquimod is a topical immune response modifier, but the thick stratum corneum of common warts prevents drug permeation through skin. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fractional laser/topical 5% imiquimod cream for the treatment of warts in children. METHODS: Eleven pediatric patients with multiple recalcitrant common warts were included...
September 2, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Cláudio Schvartsman, Luiz Alberto Amador Pereira, Alfésio Luiz Ferreira Braga, Sylvia Costa Lima Farhat
OBJECTIVE: Children are especially vulnerable to respiratory injury induced by exposure to air pollutants. In the present study, we investigate periods of up to 7 days, and evaluate the lagged effects of exposure to air pollutants on the daily number of children and adolescents visiting the emergency room (ER) for the treatment of lower respiratory obstructive diseases (LROD), in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Daily records of LROD-related ER visits by children and adolescents under the age of 19, from January 2000 to December 2007 (2,922 days) were included in the study...
August 29, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Hiroshi Odajima, Motohiro Ebisawa, Toshikazu Nagakura, Takao Fujisawa, Akira Akasawa, Komei Ito, Satoru Doi, Koichi Yamaguchi, Toshio Katsunuma, Kazuyuki Kurihara, Takahide Teramoto, Kazuko Sugai, Mitsuhiko Nambu, Akira Hoshioka, Shigemi Yoshihara, Norio Sato, Noriko Seko, Sankei Nishima
BACKGROUND: Omalizumab is effective and well-tolerated in children with moderate to severe allergic asthma. However, the effects of long-term treatment with omalizumab in this population haven't been well investigated. The objective of this study is to evaluate the long-term safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of omalizumab in children with uncontrolled severe asthma. METHODS: Thirty-eight Japanese children (aged 7-16 years) who completed the 24-week treatment core study were included in an uncontrolled extension study, in which treatment with omalizumab continued until the pediatric indication was approved in Japan (ClinicalTrials...
August 6, 2016: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
Masoumeh Moslemi, Faezeh Fotouhi Ardakani, Fatemeh Javadi, Zahra Khalili Sadrabad, Zahra Shadkar, Mohammad Saeid Shadkar
Aim and Background. Recently, new restorative materials such as self-adhesive flowable composites, because of their simple use and no need to bonding and etching, are considered important, particularly in pediatric dentistry. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser on microshear bond strength of self-adhesive flowable composite on permanent teeth dentin in vitro. Material and Methods. In this experimental study, 40 dentin sections were prepared from healthy third molars and divided into two groups according to their surface preparation by Er,Cr:YSGG laser or without laser, only with silicon carbide paper...
2016: Scientifica
Roberto Bono, Valeria Romanazzi, Valeria Bellisario, Roberta Tassinari, Giulia Trucco, Antonio Urbino, Claudio Cassardo, Consolata Siniscalco, Pierpaolo Marchetti, Alessandro Marcon
BACKGROUND: Air pollution can cause respiratory symptoms or exacerbate pre-existing respiratory diseases, especially in children. This study looked at the short-term association of air pollution concentrations with Emergency Room (ER) admissions for respiratory reasons in pediatric age (0-18 years). METHODS: Daily number of ER admissions in a children's Hospital, concentrations of urban-background PM2.5, NO2, O3 and total aeroallergens (Corylaceae, Cupressaceae, Gramineae, Urticaceae, Ambrosia, Betula) were collected in Turin, northwestern Italy, for the period 1/08/2008 to 31/12/2010 (883 days)...
2016: BMC Public Health
Eun Jung Chang, Eun Ji Choi, Kyung Hoon Kim
Tapentadol is a novel oral analgesic with a dual mode of action as an agonist of the µ-opioid receptor (MOR), and as a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (NRI) all in a single molecule. Immediate release (IR) tapentadol shows its analgesic effect quickly, at around 30 minutes. Its MOR agonistic action produces acute nociceptive pain relief; its role as an NRI brings about chronic neuropathic pain relief. Absorption is rapid, with a mean maximal serum concentration at 1.25-1.5 h after oral intake. It is present primarily in the form of conjugated metabolites after glucuronidation, and excretes rapidly and completely via the kidneys...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Jonathan A Harounian, Eric Schaefer, Jane Schubart, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVE: To examine demographic and regional variations in pediatric tonsillectomy, with or without adenoidectomy, and post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage on a national level. METHODS: The MarketScan(®) database was analyzed for claims made between 2008-2012 for the 30 days following tonsillectomy/adenotonsillectomy in privately insured children 1-17 years of age. RESULTS: We analyzed 305,860 patients with 98.6% of these tonsillectomies occurring in an ambulatory setting...
August 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Thurid Ahlenstiel-Grunow, Nele K Kanzelmeyer, Kerstin Froede, Martin Kreuzer, Jens Drube, Christian Lerch, Lars Pape
BACKGROUND: Nephropathic cystinosis is a rare lysosomal storage disease which is characterized by the accumulation of free cystine in lysosomes and subsequent intracellular crystal formation of cystine throughout the body. If not treated with cysteamine, a cystine-depleting agent, end-stage renal disease will develop early, followed by multiple organ failure as the disease progresses. The established cysteamine formulation requires a strict dosing regimen at 6-h intervals. An extended release (ER) twice-daily formulation has recently been developed...
June 27, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Susann Arvidsson, Britt-Mari Gilljam, Jens Nygren, Cornelia Maria Ruland, Trude Nordby-Bøe, Petra Svedberg
BACKGROUND: Children with cancer undergo intensive and long treatment periods that expose them and their families to a number of difficult physical, mental, and social challenges. Empowering children by actively involving them in their care can help them to cope with these challenges. It can, however, be difficult for children to be involved and talk about their illness experiences in a "traditional" conversation with health care professionals, especially for younger children. Sisom (Norwegian acronym "Si det som det er" or "Tell it how it is") is an interactive computer-based assessment and communication tool to give children (aged 6-12 years) with cancer a "voice" in their care...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Mattia Bellan, Rossella Molinari, Luigi Castello, Daniele Sola, Antonello Gibbin, Giulia Guaschino, Roberta Pedrazzoli, Alessia Puma, Mario Pirisi, Gian Carlo Avanzi, Pier Paolo Sainaghi
Non-traumatic musculoskeletal complaints are often dealt with by emergency room (ER) physicians. We aimed to quantify how many patients with such complaints have conditions requiring immediate recognition and treatment, versus specialist referral, versus primary care. We retrieved the clinical records of all the patients admitted to the ER department of our hospital along 1 year. Pediatric (age <14 years) and obstetrics/gynecology cases were excluded. Data from all patients visiting the ER for non-traumatic musculoskeletal complaints were classified as follows: true emergencies (i...
June 17, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Eniko C Rak, Stephen R Hooper, Michael J Belsante, Otis Burnett, Bradley Layton, David Tauer, Bradley Mantoo, Darren DeWalt, Maria E Ferris
BACKGROUND: Caregivers play a major role in the healthcare of pediatric patients, particularly during childhood and adolescence. This study examined the impact of caregivers' functional literacy on the health outcomes of adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). METHODS: Caregiver-child dyads in a Southeastern US pediatric nephrology clinic participated in this cross-sectional study. We collected demographic information, data on caregivers' functional literacy skills (Wechsler Individual Achievement Test Word Reading Subtest) and child health outcomes (healthcare utilization and adherence)...
June 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
Cagatay E Afsarlar, Sheila L Ryan, Edward Donel, Truc H Baccam, Beth Jones, Barkha Chandwani, Jason Au, Gene O Huang, Edmond T Gonzales, Nicolette Janzen, Duong Tu, Abhishek Seth, David R Roth, Chester J Koh
BACKGROUND: Testicular torsion (TT) remains one of the most common urological emergencies. The length of time from onset of symptoms to detorsion and degree of spermatic cord twisting are usually the most important factors for testicular damage. Therefore early presentation, accurate diagnosis, and prompt treatment are important factors for optimizing the testicular salvage rate. While delay in seeking medical attention is a common cause of testicular loss in pediatric patients with testicular torsion, delays in diagnosis and treatment can be preventable causes of testicular loss...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Pussayaban Suwannakeeree, Jitladda Deerojanawong, Nuanchan Prapphal
BACKGROUND: Lack of asthma knowledge among the pediatric patients and their caregivers contribute to poor asthma control in children. There is no data from Thailand on the health outcomes of school-based educational interventions for asthmatic children. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of school-based asthma educational interventions on health outcomes, asthma control, and management in asthmatic children. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Forty-seven asthmatic students (6-15 years old), 14 caregivers, and five teachers from the Homkred School participated in the study...
February 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Fabio Pereira Muchão, Juliana Miguita E Souza, Hélida Conceição Cavalcante Torres, Isabella Batista De Lalibera, Andréa Vieira de Souza, Joaquim Carlos Rodrigues, Claudio Schvartsman, Luiz Vicente Ribeiro Ferreira da Silva Filho
BACKGROUND: The ideal dosing of albuterol via metered-dose inhalers for acute childhood asthma is not well established. We hypothesized that greater doses of albuterol would result in less time in the hospital and lower admission rates. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled double-blind multicenter study, conducted in emergency rooms (ER). We included patients with 2-17 years old with moderate to severe acute asthma (Pediatric Respiratory Assessment Measure, PRAM, score ≥5)...
May 12, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Mauricio A Escobar, Carolynn J Morris
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT) view over- and undertriage rates based on trauma team activation (TTA) criteria as surrogate markers for quality trauma patient care. Undertriage occurs when classifying patients as not needing a TTA when they do. Over-triage occurs when a TTA is unnecessarily activated. ACS-COT recommends undertriage <5% and overtriage 25-35%. We sought to improve the under-triage and over-triage rates at our Level II Pediatric Trauma Center by updating our outdated trauma team activation criteria in an evidence-based fashion to better identify severely injured children and improving adherance to following established trauma team activation criteria...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Thomas W Gaither, Hillary L Copp
OBJECTIVE: Testicular torsion is one of the most common diagnoses involved in lawsuits in the pediatric patient. Missed diagnosis and diagnostic delays put patients at risk for testicular loss and have resulted in malpractice litigation. Using a national database, we sought to describe testicular torsion malpractice cases tried at the state and federal level and investigate factors associated with successful defense by the provider. METHOD: We reviewed the Lexis Nexis academic legal database...
April 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Brittany Pardue Jones, Geoffrey M Fleming, Jaime Kaye Otillio, Ishan Asokan, Donald H Arnold
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this report is to review available modalities for assessing and managing acute asthma exacerbations in pediatric patients, including some that are not included in current expert panel guidelines. While it is not our purpose to provide a comprehensive review of the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) guidelines, we review NAEPP-recommended treatments to provide the full range of treatments available for managing exacerbations with an emphasis on the continuum of care between the ER and ICU...
August 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
R B Clark, T Schmidt, F B Sachse, D Boyle, Gary S Firestein, W R Giles
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a progressive disease that affects both pediatric and adult populations. The cellular basis for RA has been investigated extensively using animal models, human tissues and isolated cells in culture. However, many aspects of its etiology and molecular mechanisms remain unknown (McInnes & Schett, 2011). Some of the electrophysiological principles that regulate secretion of essential lubricants (hyaluronan and lubricin) and cytokines from synovial fibroblasts (FLS) have been identidied...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Physiology
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