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Methylation foam cells

E J Sarmiento-Ponce, M P F Sutcliffe, B Hedwig
Field crickets are extensively used as a model organism to study female phonotactic walking behaviour, i.e. their attraction to the male calling song. Laboratory-based phonotaxis experiments generally rely on arena or trackball-based settings; however, no attention has been paid to the effect of substrate texture on the response. Here, we tested phonotaxis in female Gryllus bimaculatus , walking on trackballs machined from methyl-methacrylate foam with different cell sizes. Surface height variations of the trackballs, due to the cellular composition of the material, were measured with profilometry and characterized as smooth, medium or rough, with roughness amplitudes of 7...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Sovik Das, Pritha Chatterjee, M M Ghangrekar
Electrosynthesis of multi-carbon compounds from the carbon dioxide present in biogas is a nascent approach towards purification of biogas. Microbial electrosynthesis (MES) cells, fabricated using different electrode materials, were operated using different electrolytes and mixed anaerobic culture as biocatalysts in the cathodic chamber under an applied cathode potential of -0.7 V vs standard hydrogen electrode (SHE). The rate of production of acetate, isobutyrate, propionate and 2-piperidinone from reduction of CO2 in the cathodic chamber of the MES was 0...
March 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Qianyun Deng, Wei Huang, Chunyan Peng, Jiajia Gao, Zuhua Li, Xueping Qiu, Na Yang, Bifeng Yuan, Fang Zheng
Background: Alterations in DNA methylation are demonstrated in atherosclerosis pathogenesis. However, changing rules of global DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) and different blood cell subtypes of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients are still inconclusive, and much less is known about mechanisms underlying. Results: We recruited 265 CAD patients and 270 healthy controls with genomic DNA from PBLs, of which 50 patients and 50 controls were randomly chosen with DNA from isolated neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes, and RNA from PBLs...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
Jenneke Leentjens, Siroon Bekkering, Leo A B Joosten, Mihai G Netea, David P Burgner, Niels P Riksen
RATIONALE: There is strong epidemiological evidence for an association between acute and chronic infections and the occurrence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. Monocyte-derived macrophages are the most abundant immune cells in atherosclerotic plaques. It has recently been established that monocytes/macrophages can develop a long-lasting proinflammatory phenotype after brief stimulation with micro-organisms or microbial products, which has been termed trained immunity...
March 2, 2018: Circulation Research
Shanqiu Liu, Rik Eijkelenkamp, Joost Duvigneau, G Julius Vancso
Core-shell nanoparticles consisting of silica as core and surface-grafted poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) as shell with different diameters were prepared and used as heterogeneous nucleation agents to obtain CO2-blown poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) nanocomposite foams. PDMS was selected as the shell material as it possesses a low surface energy and high CO2-philicity. The successful synthesis of core-shell nanoparticles was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and transmission electron microscopy...
November 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Austin Gay, Dwight A Towler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiometabolic diseases increasingly afflict our aging, dysmetabolic population. Complex signals regulating low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) and frizzled protein family members - the plasma membrane receptors for the cadre of Wnt polypeptide morphogens - contribute to the control of cardiovascular homeostasis. RECENT FINDINGS: Both canonical (β-catenin-dependent) and noncanonical (β-catenin-independent) Wnt signaling programs control vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cell phenotypic modulation in cardiometabolic disease...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
Anning Yang, Yue Sun, Yuan Gao, Songhao Yang, Caiyan Mao, Ning Ding, Mei Deng, Yanhua Wang, Xiaoling Yang, Yuexia Jia, Huiping Zhang, Yideng Jiang
DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and miRNAs are both important regulators of gene expression that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study was designed to elucidate the potential interaction between DNMT1 and miRNAs in the context of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy)-related atherosclerosis. In the aorta of ApoE(-/-) mice fed a high methionine diet, increased expression of miR-148a/152, with decreased DNMT1 mRNA and protein levels, was detected. Similar changes were observed in cultured foam cells stimulated with homocysteine...
June 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
Guangzhi Cong, Ru Yan, Hui Huang, Kai Wang, Ning Yan, Ping Jin, Na Zhang, Jianjun Hou, Dapeng Chen, Shaobin Jia
AIMS: Hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhcy) is an independent risk factor of atherosclerosis and promotes unstable plaque formation. Epigenetic mechanisms play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis induced by Hhcy. However, the exact mechanism is still undefined. Lesional apoptotic cells and necrotic core formation contribute greatly to the progression of plaque. The present study sought to determine whether modification of histone methylation is involved in macrophage apoptosis and unstable plaque formation in the condition of Hhcy...
March 15, 2017: Life Sciences
Yang Xiaoling, Zhao Li, Li ShuQiang, Ma Shengchao, Yang Anning, Ding Ning, Li Nan, Jia Yuexia, Yang Xiaoming, Li Guizhong, Jiang Yideng
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis. HHcy promotes atherogenesis by modifying the histone methylation patterns and miRNA regulation. In this study, we investigated the effects of homocysteine (Hcy) on the expression of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), and tested our hypothesis that Hcy-induced atherosclerosis is mediated by increased EZH2 expression, which is regulated by miR-92a. The levels of EZH2 and H3K27me3 were increased in the aorta of ApoE-/- mice fed a high-methionine diet for 16 weeks, whereas miR-92a expression was decreased...
2016: PloS One
Chun-Min Kang, Yan-Wei Hu, Ying Nie, Jia-Yi Zhao, Shu-Fen Li, Shuai Chu, Hai-Xia Li, Qing-Shui Huang, Yu-Rong Qiu
Early reports suggest that nuclear factor IA (NFIA) is important in the pathogenesis of glioma. Our previous study demonstrated that the long non‑coding RNA (lncRNA), RP5‑833A20.1, suppressed the expression of NFIA in THP‑1 macrophage-derived foam cells. However, the effect and possible mechanism of RP5‑833A20.1 on glioma remains to be fully elucidated, and whether the NFIA-dependent pathway is involved in its progression has not been investigated. In the present study, the mechanisms by which RP5‑833A20...
December 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Oren Rom, Hila Korach-Rechtman, Tony Hayek, Yael Danin-Poleg, Haim Bar, Yechezkel Kashi, Michael Aviram
The unsaturated aldehyde acrolein is pro-atherogenic, and the polyphenol-rich pomegranate juice (PJ), known for its anti-oxidative/anti-atherogenic properties, inhibits macrophage foam cell formation, the hallmark feature of early atherosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate two unexplored areas of acrolein atherogenicity: macrophage lipid metabolism and the gut microbiota composition. The protective effects of PJ against acrolein atherogenicity were also evaluated. Atherosclerotic apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice that were fed acrolein (3 mg/kg/day) for 1 month showed significant increases in serum and aortic cholesterol, triglycerides, and lipid peroxides...
April 2017: Archives of Toxicology
Sayyeda M Hasan, Alexandra D Easley, Mary Beth Browning Monroe, Duncan J Maitland
HYPOTHESIS: Polyurethane foaming surfactants are cell stabilized at the polymer-gas interface during foam blowing to prevent bubble coalescence. Siloxane-based surfactants are typically used to generate a surface tension gradient at the interface. The chemical structure of the hydrophobic and hydrophilic units affects surfactant properties, which can further influence foam morphology. EXPERIMENTS: Siloxane-polyethylene glycol (PEG) ether amphiphiles were synthesized in high yield via hydrosilylation to serve as surfactants for shape memory polymer (SMP) foams...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Yun-Cheng Lv, Yan-Yan Tang, Ping Zhang, Wei Wan, Feng Yao, Ping-Ping He, Wei Xie, Zhong-Cheng Mo, Jin-Feng Shi, Jian-Feng Wu, Juan Peng, Dan Liu, Francisco S Cayabyab, Xi-Long Zheng, Xiang-Yang Tang, Xin-Ping Ouyang, Chao-Ke Tang
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) plays a critical role in maintaining cellular cholesterol homeostasis. The purpose of this study is to identify the molecular mechanism(s) underlying ABCA1 epigenetic modification and determine its potential impact on ABCA1 expression in macrophage-derived foam cell formation and atherosclerosis development. DNA methylation induced foam cell formation from macrophages and promoted atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE-/-) mice. Bioinformatics analyses revealed a large CpG island (CGI) located in the promoter region of ABCA1...
2016: PloS One
Caroline Coisne, Dorothée Hallier-Vanuxeem, Marie-Christine Boucau, Johan Hachani, Sébastien Tilloy, Hervé Bricout, Eric Monflier, Daniel Wils, Michel Serpelloni, Xavier Parissaux, Laurence Fenart, Fabien Gosselet
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease that leads to an aberrant accumulation of cholesterol in vessel walls forming atherosclerotic plaques. During this process, the mechanism regulating complex cellular cholesterol pools defined as the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is altered as well as expression and functionality of transporters involved in this process, namely ABCA1, ABCG1, and SR-BI. Macrophages, arterial endothelial and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) have been involved in the atherosclerotic plaque formation...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Yura Hyun, Heai-Ku Park, Ho-Seon Park, Chang-Seop Lee
The carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and Si-CNFs composite were synthesized using a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method with an iron-copper catalyst and silicon-covered Ni foam. Acetylene as a carbon source was flowed into the quartz reactor of a tubular furnace heated to 600 degrees C. This temperature was maintained for 10 min to synthesize the CNFs. The morphologies, compositions, and crystal quality of the prepared CNFs were characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)...
November 2015: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
An-Ning Yang, Hui-Ping Zhang, Yue Sun, Xiao-Ling Yang, Nan Wang, Guangrong Zhu, Hui Zhang, Hua Xu, Sheng-Chao Ma, Yue Zhang, Gui-Zhong Li, Yue-Xia Jia, Jun Cao, Yi-Deng Jiang
Homocysteine (Hcy) is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not known. We investigated the effects of Hcy on fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), and tested our hypothesis that Hcy-induced atherosclerosis is mediated by increased FABP4 expression and decreased methylation. The FABP4 expression and DNA methylation was assessed in the aorta of ApoE(-/-) mice fed high-methionine diet for 20weeks. Over-expression of FABP4 enhanced accumulation of total cholesterol and cholesterol ester in foam cells...
December 21, 2015: FEBS Letters
Ming-Ching Cheng, Wen-Hua Chang, Chih-Wei Chen, Wen-Wing Li, Chin-Yin Tseng, Tuzz-Ying Song
Pine (Pinus morrisonicola Hay, PM) needles have been used as folk medicine for their antihypertension and lipid-lowering effects. As supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) is considered an ideal technique for the extraction of essential oil from plant materials, the present work investigated the optimal SFE conditions and the protective effects of different resulting fractions of PM needles on lipid peroxidation and foam cell production in macrophages. Nine PM needle extracts (PME1-9) were obtained in 1%-4% yields using different SFE conditions, of which PME1 had the lowest yield (1...
2015: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiao Wang, Chang Liu, Peng Liu, Ni Li, Yan-Ni Xu, Shu-Yi Si
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI/CLA-1) are the key proteins in reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). The high expression of ABCA1 and SR-BI/CLA-1 can decrease the danger of atherosclerosis. The purpose of the study is to find ABCA1 and CLA-1up-regulators for treating atherosclerosis by using cell-based high throughput screening models. Among 20 000 compounds screened, E0869 [1-(3, 4-dimethylphenyl)-1-oxopropan-2-yll4-((methylsulfonyl)methyl)benzoate] was found as the positive hit...
April 2015: Yao Xue Xue Bao, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica
Li Zhao, Yun Jiao, An-Ning Yang, Cheng-Jian Cao, Fan-Qi Kong, Xian-Mei Liu, Xiao-Ling Yang, Yi-Deng Jiang
The aim of the present study is to explore the role of miR-124 and its promoter region DNA methylation in homocysteine (Hcy)-induced atherosclerosis. ApoE(-/-) mice were fed with hypermethionine diet for 16 weeks to duplicate hyperhomocysteinemia model. Meanwhile, a normal control group (C57BL/6J mice fed with normal diet, N-control) and a model control group (ApoE(-/-) mice fed with normal diet, A-control) were set. The degree of atherosclerosis was observed by HE and oil red O staining. Automatic biochemical analyzer was used to detect the serum levels of Hcy...
April 25, 2015: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
Siroon Bekkering, Leo A B Joosten, Jos W M van der Meer, Mihai G Netea, Niels P Riksen
PURPOSE: Atherosclerosis is characterized by a persistent inflammation of the arterial wall. Monocyte-derived macrophages are the most abundant immune cells in atherosclerotic plaques. After stimulation, monocytes can adopt a long-term proinflammatory phenotype. This nonspecific memory of innate immune cells is mediated by epigenetic reprogramming and has recently been termed "trained innate immunity." The goal of this study was to describe the potential role of trained immunity in the development of atherosclerosis and to discuss the potential clinical implications of this concept...
April 1, 2015: Clinical Therapeutics
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