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Central catheters thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334494/complications-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-advanced-cancer-patients-undergoing-combined-radiotherapy-and-chemotherapy
#1
Jun Xie, Linjie Xu, Xiaomin Xu, Yunjuan Huang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify whether patients with advanced cancers were at high risk of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)-related complications when treated with concurrent chemo-radiotherapy. BACKGROUND: PICCs are widely used in chemotherapy. However, catheter usage may elevate the risks of infections and thrombosis. It is important to identify the patients with high risk of PICC-related complications. To date, little is known about PICC-related complications in patients with advanced cancers and receiving concurrent chemo-radiotherapy...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331932/pulmonary-embolism-and-in-situ-pulmonary-artery-thrombosis-in-paediatrics-a-systematic-review
#2
Madhvi Rajpurkar, Tina Biss, Ernest Amankwah, Denise Martinez, Suzan Williams, C Heleen Van Ommen, Neil A Goldenberg
Data on paediatric pulmonary embolism (PE) are scarce. We sought to systematically review the current literature on childhood PE and conducted a search on paediatric PE via PubMed (1946-2013) and Embase (1980-2013). There was significant heterogeneity in reported data. Two patterns were noted: classic thromboembolic PE (TE-PE) and in situ pulmonary artery thrombosis (ISPAT). Mean age of presentation for TE-PE was 14.86 years, and 51 % of cases were males. The commonest method for diagnosis of TE-PE was contrast CT with angiography (74 % of patients)...
March 23, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318647/prospective-evaluation-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-complications-in-both-inpatient-and-outpatient-settings
#3
Christina Liscynesky, Jessica Johnston, Kelci E Haydocy, Kurt B Stevenson
We describe a prospective observational cohort (N = 187) to evaluate peripherally inserted central catheter line complications concurrently from the time of placement until removal. A significantly higher percentage of patients who experienced intraluminal thrombosis were receiving total parenteral nutrition (P ≤ .001) and had a dual lumen catheter (P = .01). Among patients with a confirmed or suspected infection, a significantly higher proportion received total parenteral nutrition (P = .01), had dual-lumen catheters (P = ...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277833/capecitabine-in-locally-advanced-anal-cancer-do-we-need-randomised-evidence
#4
Li Chia Chong, Tabitha Healey, Tony Michele, Timothy J Price
Standard treatment for locally advanced anal cancer is chemoradiotherapy with mitomycin C and fluorouracil. However, infusional fluorouracil requires central venous catheter placement potentiating risk of infection and thrombosis. Capecitabine which is an oral tumor activated fluoropyrimidine carbamate is an established treatment alternative to infusional fluorouracil for patients with gastrointestinal cancers. Areas covered: This review examines and discusses the current evidence for substitution of Capecitabine for infusional fluorouracil in locally advanced anal cancer...
March 13, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265130/interventional-therapy-for-upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis
#5
REVIEW
Timothy A Carlon, Deepak Sudheendra
Approximately 10% of all deep vein thromboses occur in the upper extremity, and that number is increasing due to the use of peripherally inserted central catheters. Sequelae of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) are similar to those for lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (LEDVT) and include postthrombotic syndrome and pulmonary embolism. In addition to systemic anticoagulation, there are multiple interventional treatment options for UEDVT with the potential to reduce the incidence of these sequelae...
March 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257155/surgical-retrieval-of-a-guide-wire-lost-during-central-venous-catheterization-in-a-dog
#6
Jade M Hardy, Jennifer L Lansdowne, Carol A Himsel, Sean R Freer
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of successful surgical removal of a guide wire lost during central venous catheterization. CASE SUMMARY: A 28 kg, 4-year-old female neutered mixed breed dog presented to the primary care veterinarian with diabetic ketosis. During the process of central venous catheterization, the guide wire was accidently released and the entire length of the guide wire slipped into the jugular vein. Due to the absence of nearby interventional radiology facilities, surgical intervention was proposed...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236919/a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-early-cannulation-arteriovenous-grafts-versus-tunneled-central-venous-catheters-in-patients-requiring-urgent-vascular-access-for-hemodialysis
#7
Emma Aitken, Peter Thomson, Leigh Bainbridge, Ram Kasthuri, Belinda Mohr, David Kingsmore
OBJECTIVE: Early cannulation arteriovenous grafts (ecAVGs) are proposed as an alternative to tunneled central venous catheters (TCVCs) in patients requiring immediate vascular access for hemodialysis (HD). We compared bacteremia rates in patients treated with ecAVG and TCVC. METHODS: The study randomized 121 adult patients requiring urgent vascular access for HD in a 1:1 fashion to receive an ecAVG with or without (+/-) an arteriovenous fistula (AVF; n = 60) or TCVC+/-AVF (n = 61)...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218366/peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-related-complications-in-cancer-patients-a-prospective-study-of-over-50-000-catheter-days
#8
Junren Kang, Wei Chen, Wenyan Sun, Ruibin Ge, Hailong Li, Enling Ma, Qingxia Su, Fang Cheng, Jinhua Hong, Yuanjuan Zhang, Cheng Lei, Xinchuan Wang, Aiyun Jin, Wanli Liu
PURPOSE: To evaluate incidence and risk factors of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)-related complications in cancer patients. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, cohort study of cancer patients with PICC insertion was performed from February 1, 2013 to April 24, 2014. All patients were monitored in clinic until PICCs were removed. The primary endpoint was PICC removal due to complications. Patient-, catheter- and insertion-related factors were analyzed in univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis to identify significant independent risk factors for PICC-related complications...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194291/internal-jugular-and-subclavian-vein-thrombosis-in-a-case-of-ovarian-cancer
#9
Hiroto Moriwaki, Nana Hayama, Shouko Morozumi, Mika Nakano, Akari Nakayama, Yoshiomi Takahata, Yuusuke Sakaguchi, Natsuki Inoue, Toshiki Kubota, Akiko Takenoya, Yoshiko Ishii, Haruka Okubo, Souta Yamaguchi, Tsuyoshi Ono, Toshiaki Oharaseki, Mamoru Yoshikawa
Central venous catheter insertion and cancer represent some of the important predisposing factors for deep venous thrombosis (DVT). DVT usually develops in the lower extremities, and venous thrombosis of the upper extremities is uncommon. Early diagnosis and treatment of deep venous thrombosis are of importance, because it is a precursor of complications such as pulmonary embolism and postthrombotic syndrome. A 47-year-old woman visited our department with painful swelling on the left side of her neck. Initial examination revealed swelling of the region extending from the left neck to the shoulder without any redness of the overlying skin...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184368/prevention-of-hospital-acquired-venous-thromboembolism-in-children-a-review-of-published-guidelines
#10
REVIEW
E Vincent S Faustino, Leslie J Raffini
Venous thromboembolism, which includes deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, is a potentially preventable condition in children. In adults, pharmacologic prophylaxis has been shown to significantly reduce the incidence of venous thromboembolism in distinct patient cohorts. However, pediatric randomized controlled trials have failed to demonstrate the efficacy of pharmacologic prophylaxis against thrombosis associated with central venous catheters, the most important risk factor for venous thromboembolism in children...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168988/a-comparison-of-broviac-%C3%A2-and-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-children-with-intestinal-failure
#11
Carolina Blotte, Jennifer Styers, Hong Zhu, Nandini Channabasappa, Hannah G Piper
PURPOSE: Central venous catheters (CVCs) are a source of morbidity for children with intestinal failure (IF). Complications include infection, breakage, occlusion, and venous thrombosis. Broviacs® have traditionally been preferred, but peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are gaining popularity. This study compares complications between Broviacs® and PICCs in children with IF. METHODS: After IRB approval, children with IF receiving parenteral nutrition (2012-2016) were reviewed...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165577/surgical-reconstruction-of-central-venous-obstruction-in-salvaging-upper-extremity-dialysis-accesses
#12
Jurabek Babadjanov, Rick Bernstein, Lee Kirksey
BACKGROUND: Central vein thrombosis or obstruction is a common complication associated with central venous catheters placed for intermittent hemodialysis. The reported outcomes of percutaneous catheter-based interventions reveal high rates of lesion recurrence with varying and frequently limited patency intervals. We present the case of open venous bypass in the treatment of catheter-associated chronic central vein occlusion. METHODS: We report a case of symptomatic arm swelling secondary to central vein stenosis and failed endovascular venous intervention treated by central vein bypass with prosthetic graft through median sternotomy...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163887/central-venous-access-related-adverse-events-after-trabectedin-infusions-in-soft-tissue-sarcoma-patients-experience-and-management-in-a-nationwide-multi-center-study
#13
Michiel C Verboom, Jan Ouwerkerk, Neeltje Steeghs, Jacob Lutjeboer, J Martijn Kerst, Winette T A van der Graaf, Anna K L Reyners, Stefan Sleijfer, Hans Gelderblom
BACKGROUND: Trabectedin has shown efficacy against soft tissue sarcomas (STS) and has manageable toxicity. Trabectedin is administered through central venous access devices (VAD), such as subcutaneous ports with tunneled catheters, Hickman catheters and PICC lines. Venous access related adverse events are common, but have not yet been reported in detail. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patient files of STS patients receiving trabectedin monotherapy between 1999 and 2014 was performed in all five STS referral centers in the Netherlands...
2017: Clinical Sarcoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149507/complications-with-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-piccs-used-in-hospitalized-patients-and-outpatients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Delphine Grau, Béatrice Clarivet, Anne Lotthé, Sébastien Bommart, Sylvie Parer
BACKGROUND: Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters (PICCs) are widely used for hospitalized patients and among outpatients. Despite many advantages, PICC-related complications can occur such as infection, thrombosis or mechanical complications. We aimed to evaluate rates and nature of PICC-related complications from insertion to removal and analyze risk factors of complications at baseline and during healthcare. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study looking at PICC-related complication rates in the inpatient and outpatient settings of 163 patients over a 7-month period...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093087/incidence-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-cancer-patients-treated-with-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-a-cohort-study
#15
Muhammad Nauman Zahir, Quratulain Shaikh, Munira Shabbir-Moosajee, Adnan Abdul Jabbar
BACKGROUND: Cancer related thrombosis not only increases morbidity and mortality but also poses a significant financial burden on health care system. Risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in these patients substantially increases with the addition of chemotherapy. Lately, cisplatin has been implicated as an independent factor. There is little data estimating the risk of venous thromboembolism in patients receiving cisplatin based chemotherapy when compared to other chemotherapeutic agents...
January 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063456/normal-saline-versus-heparin-for-patency-of-central-venous-catheters-in-adult-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Lei Zhong, Hai-Li Wang, Bo Xu, Yao Yuan, Xin Wang, Ying-Ying Zhang, Li Ji, Zi-Mu Pan, Zhan-Sheng Hu
BACKGROUND: Heparin saline (HS) is theoretically superior to normal saline (NS) for maintaining the patency of central venous catheters (CVCs), but the comparative efficacy of them remains controversial. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of NS versus HS in the maintenance of the patency of CVCs in adult patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane library databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the use of NS vs...
January 8, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055065/effect-of-fish-oil-supplementation-and-aspirin-use-on-arteriovenous-fistula-failure-in-patients-requiring-hemodialysis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Ashley B Irish, Andrea K Viecelli, Carmel M Hawley, Lai-Seong Hooi, Elaine M Pascoe, Peta-Anne Paul-Brent, Sunil V Badve, Trevor A Mori, Alan Cass, Peter G Kerr, David Voss, Loke-Meng Ong, Kevan R Polkinghorne
Importance: Vascular access dysfunction is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients requiring hemodialysis. Arteriovenous fistulae are preferred over synthetic grafts and central venous catheters due to superior long-term outcomes and lower health care costs, but increasing their use is limited by early thrombosis and maturation failure. ω-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (fish oils) have pleiotropic effects on vascular biology and inflammation and aspirin impairs platelet aggregation, which may reduce access failure...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007450/a-review-of-open-and-endovascular-treatment-of-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-of-benign-aetiology
#18
REVIEW
G S Sfyroeras, C N Antonopoulos, G Mantas, K G Moulakakis, J D Kakisis, E Brountzos, C R Lattimer, G Geroulakos
BACKGROUND: The widespread use of central venous catheters, ports, pacemakers, and defibrillators has increased the incidence of benign superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). This study aimed at reviewing the results of open and endovascular treatment of SVCS. METHOD: Medical literature databases were searched for relevant studies. Studies with more than five adult patients, reporting separate results for the SVC were included. Nine studies reported the results of endovascular treatment of SVCS including 136 patients followed up for a mean of 11-48 months...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001173/patient-in-chronic-hemodialysis-with-right-atrial-mass-thrombus-fungal-endocarditis-or-atrial-myxoma
#19
Talita G Salani, Cynthia de Moura Borges, Carolina S Urbini, Patrícia Schincariol, Kélcia Rosana da Silva Quadros, Maria Almerinda Ribeiro-Alves, Rodrigo Bueno de Oliveira
We present the case report of a 19-year-old patient with chronic kidney disease due to chronic glomerulonephritis, in hemodialysis (HD) by central catheter, with the incidental finding of a mass of 28x16 mm in right atrium (RA). The diagnosis of thrombus, infective endocarditis or myxoma were considered. Given the context of immunosuppression and difficult access vascular therapeutic practice has proved complex. Although Doppler echocardiography suggested thrombus in RA, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated for the diagnosis of myxoma in RA...
December 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987041/prevalence-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-detected-by-ultrasonography-before-surgery-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-a-retrospective-study-of-1140-consecutive-patients
#20
Yutaka Tanizawa, Etsuro Bando, Taiichi Kawamura, Masanori Tokunaga, Rie Makuuchi, Kei Iida, Kazuhide Nanri, Masashi Yoneyama, Masanori Terashima
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients with gastric cancer before surgery is unknown. This study aimed to clarify the risk factors for DVT of the lower extremities in patients with gastric cancer before surgery and to evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonographic screening for prevention of postoperative pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). METHODS: Patients who had undergone lower-extremity venous ultrasonography before surgery for gastric cancer were retrospectively analyzed...
December 16, 2016: Gastric Cancer
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