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Catheters malfunction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911460/retrospective-comparison-of-two-different-approaches-for-ultrasound-guided-internal-jugular-vein-cannulation-in-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Antonio Treglia, Dario Musone, Francesco Amoroso
BACKGROUND: Prevalent hemodialysis patients with vascular access consisting of a central venous catheter (CVC) are continuously increasing over the years. Improvement in evolution and CVC placement procedures represents therefore an essential tool to enhance performance and reduce intraoperative and long-term CVC complications. Internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization techniques are different according to ultrasound probe position in relation to vein axis and to needle direction in relation to ultrasound beam...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899416/peritoneal-dialysis-access-revision-in-children-causes-interventions-and-outcomes
#2
Dagmara Borzych-Duzalka, T Fazil Aki, Marta Azocar, Colin White, Elizabeth Harvey, Sevgi Mir, Marta Adragna, Erkin Serdaroglu, Rajiv Sinha, Charlotte Samaille, Juan Jose Vanegas, Jameela Kari, Lorena Barbosa, Arvind Bagga, Monica Galanti, Onder Yavascan, Giovanna Leozappa, Maria Szczepanska, Karel Vondrak, Kei-Chiu Tse, Franz Schaefer, Bradley A Warady
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little published information is available about access failure in children undergoing chronic peritoneal dialysis. Our objectives were to evaluate frequency, risk factors, interventions, and outcome of peritoneal dialysis access revision. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Data were derived from 824 incident and 1629 prevalent patients from 105 pediatric nephrology centers enrolled in the International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network Registry between 2007 and 2015...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883967/case-report-of-migration-of-2-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-catheters-to-the-scrotum-use-of-an-inguinal-incision-for-retrieval-diagnostic-laparoscopy-and-hernia-repair
#3
Caesar Ricci, Bratislav M Velimirovic, Tamara N Fitzgerald
BACKGROUD: Ventriculoperitoneal shunts are commonly used in the treatment of hydrocephalus, and catheter migration to various body sites has been reported. Pediatric and general surgeons are asked on occasion to assist with intraabdominal access for these shunts, particularly when there may be extensive adhesions or other complicating factors. METHODS: We describe a case in which an old shunt catheter was never removed from the abdomen, and it migrated through an inguinal hernia into the scrotum...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875815/wang-s-forceps-assisted-catheter-reposition-and-fixation-an-easy-and-reliable-rescue-method
#4
Huiming Wang, Yujuan Wang, Xinghua Chen, Jili Zhu
Catheter migration and omental wrap are the most common causes of catheter malfunction, which usually result in catheter removal or replacement. The conventional open surgery for catheter reposition has many disadvantages. A new tunnel is needed throughout the procedure of catheter replacement causing more pain and frustration to the patients. Another drawback is that the incidence of catheter migration after conventional catheter reposition surgery is still as high as it was before the procedure. Wang's forceps, an instrument commonly used in our peritoneal dialysis center, is easy and effective in catheter insertion and fixation...
November 23, 2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862718/peritoneal-catheter-fixation-combined-with-straight-upward-tunnel-and-low-implant-position-to-prevent-catheter-malfunction
#5
Qingyan Zhang, Chunming Jiang, Wei Zhu, Cheng Sun, Yangyang Xia, Tianfeng Tang, Cheng Wan, Qiuyuan Shao, Jing Liu, Bo Jin, Miao Zhang
AIM: Catheter malfunction is the main reason for early peritoneal dialysis (PD) technique failure. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a new surgery technique with catheter fixation to the lower abdominal wall combined with straight upward tunnel and low implant position in reducing catheter malfunction. METHODS: Patients with end stage renal disease who received PD in our center from January 2013 to December 2015 were involved in this study. They were randomly divided into 3 groups according to surgical technique: traditional open surgery group, modified open surgery group and modified open surgery with catheter fixation group...
November 16, 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857929/shunt-overdrainage-caused-by-displacement-of-the-pressure-control-cam-after-pressure-adjustment
#6
Su-Ho Kim, Yoon-Soo Lee, Min-Seok Lee, Sang-Jun Suh, Jeong-Ho Lee, Dong-Gee Kang
Although the Codman-Hakim programmable valve is one of most popular shunt systems used in the clinical practice for the treatment of hydrocephalus, malfunctions related with this system have been also reported which lead to underdrainage or overdrainage of the cerebrospinal fluid. While obstruction of the ventricular catheter by tissue materials or hematoma and catheter disconnection are relatively common, the malfunction of the valve itself is rare. Herein, we report on a rare case of shunt overdrainage caused by displacement of the pressure control cam after pressure adjustment...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795628/swan-neck-versus-straight-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-long-term-effect-on-patient-and-method-survival
#7
V Filiopoulos, D Biblaki, L Takouli, A Dounavis, D Hadjiyannakos, D Vlassopoulos
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is limited mainly by a higher technique failure rate as compared to hemodialysis (HD), catheter malfunction being an important reason. Intra- and extra-peritoneal catheter configuration may be associated with mechanical and infectious complications affecting method survival. We report our experience with two extra-peritoneal catheter configurations: the straight and the swan-neck (SN) catheters. A total of 85 consecutive patients, 58 males and 27 females were included in the study. Among them, 26 were diabetics; 52 were treated with automated PD (APD) and 33 with continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676793/assessment-of-intrathecal-baclofen-pump-malfunction-a-new-algorithm-including-nuclear-medicine-investigation
#8
Flavie Frémondière, Franck Lacoeuille, Avigaëlle Sher, Olivier Couturier, Philippe Menei, Isabelle Richard, Mickaël Dinomais
Intrathecal baclofen is now an admitted treatment of generalized and disabling spasticity. Technical incidents of the device remain frequent, mainly due to catheter problems. Consequences can be abrupt with life-threatening withdrawal syndrome or progressive with spasticity reappearance. In case of progressive withdrawal syndrome, the assessment process has to be meticulous to find the cause of inefficiency and to avoid useless revision surgery. This assessment includes medical examination, radiographs, intrathecal baclofen bolus, after what, if no conclusion can be drawn, a more invasive imaging exam has to be performed...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664891/long-term-central-venous-access-in-a-pediatric-leukemia-population
#9
Aurelia B Fu, Erica I Hodgman, Lorraine S Burkhalter, Rachel Renkes, Tamra Slone, Adam C Alder
BACKGROUND: Central venous access devices (CVADs) play an important role in the management of pediatric oncology patients; unfortunately, they are also associated with potentially serious complication rates. We hypothesized that, despite the significantly different disease courses typical of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myelogenous leukemia, there would be identifiable risk factors for premature CVAD removal. METHODS: We retrospectively studied clinical characteristics and procedure records for all patients admitted with a leukemia diagnosis at our institution from May 2009 to July 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658952/internal-jugular-vein-versus-subclavian-vein-as-the-percutaneous-insertion-site-for-totally-implantable-venous-access-devices-a-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#10
Shaoyong Wu, Jingxiu Huang, Zongming Jiang, Zhimei Huang, Handong Ouyang, Li Deng, Wenqian Lin, Jin Guo, Weian Zeng
BACKGROUND: A totally implantable venous access device (TIVAD) provides reliable, long-term vascular access and improves patients' quality of life. The wide use of TIVADs is associated with important complications. A meta-analysis was undertaken to compare the internal jugular vein (IJV) with the subclavian vein (SCV) as the percutaneous access site for TIVAD to determine whether IJV has any advantages. METHODS: All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies assessing the two access sites, IJV and SCV, were retrieved from PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and OVID EMB Reviews from their inception to December 2015...
2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635164/chronic-peritoneal-dialysis-in-children-the-role-of-ultrasound-in-the-diagnosis-of-peritoneal-catheter-obstruction
#11
Francesco Esposito, Marco Di Serafino, Concetta Ambrosio, Maria Rita Panico, Francesca Malacario, Carmela Mercogliano, Carmine Pecoraro, Patrizia Oresta
PURPOSE: Over the past two decades, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis has emerged as the first-choice dialysis modality in children awaiting for transplantation. Despite the improvements observed in catheter survival over the past several years, the obstruction is one of the reasons for immediate catheter non-function. This study assessed usefulness of ultrasound (US) in visualizing the obstruction of chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) catheter and identifying the etiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and November 2012, 38 patients (20 M, 18 F) were treated with CPD and examined with US...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598897/retroperitoneal-hematoma-causing-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-malfunction
#12
Alison A Smith, Adam N Fonseca, Mihran V Naljayan, Anil S Paramesh
BACKGROUND: We present the unusual complication of peritoneal dialysis catheter dysfunction in a patient who developed a retroperitoneal hematoma following an endoscopic procedure and review the existing literature regarding this rare complication. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old male with end stage renal disease presented with PD catheter dysfunction. A computerized tomography scan of his abdomen showed a large left retroperitoneal hematoma. He underwent a diagnostic laparoscopy and PD catheter revision...
July 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589973/parylene-mems-patency-sensor-for-assessment-of-hydrocephalus-shunt-obstruction
#13
Brian J Kim, Willa Jin, Alexander Baldwin, Lawrence Yu, Eisha Christian, Mark D Krieger, J Gordon McComb, Ellis Meng
Neurosurgical ventricular shunts inserted to treat hydrocephalus experience a cumulative failure rate of 80 % over 12 years; obstruction is responsible for most failures with a majority occurring at the proximal catheter. Current diagnosis of shunt malfunction is imprecise and involves neuroimaging studies and shunt tapping, an invasive measurement of intracranial pressure and shunt patency. These patients often present emergently and a delay in care has dire consequences. A microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) patency sensor was developed to enable direct and quantitative tracking of shunt patency in order to detect proximal shunt occlusion prior to the development of clinical symptoms thereby avoiding delays in treatment...
October 2016: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589597/direct-heart-shunt-placement-for-csf-diversion-technical-note
#14
Ziev B Moses, Alp Ozpinar, Muhammad M Abd-El-Barr, Luis G Quinonez, Sitaram M Emani, Liliana C Goumnerova
The authors report a complex case of an 18-year-old male with a history of hydrocephalus secondary to intraventricular hemorrhage of prematurity, with more than 30 previous shunt revisions, who presented to the authors' institution with shunt malfunction. After exhausting his peritoneal cavity and pleural space as possible distal sites of shunt placement, he underwent a direct heart shunt placement when it was discovered he had thrombosis of his subclavian vein precluding a standard wire-guided atrial cannulation...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581319/laparoscopy-versus-mini-laparotomy-peritoneal-catheter-insertion-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunts-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Mingliang He, Leping Ouyang, Shengwen Wang, Meiguang Zheng, Anmin Liu
OBJECTIVE Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt treatment is the main treatment method for hydrocephalus. The traditional operative approach for peritoneal catheter insertion is mini-laparotomy. In recent years, laparoscopy-assisted insertion has become increasingly popular. It seems likely that use of an endoscope could lower the incidence of shunt malfunction. However, there is no consensus about the benefits of laparoscopy-assisted peritoneal catheter insertion. METHODS A systematic search was performed using the PubMed, Embase, ScienceDirect, and Cochrane Library databases...
September 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578550/brachiocephalic-vein-for-percutaneous-ultrasound-guided-central-line-positioning-in-children-a-20-month-preliminary-experience-with-109-procedures
#16
Stefano Avanzini, Leila Mameli, Nicola Disma, Clelia Zanaboni, Andrea Dato, Giovanni Montobbio, Luigi Montagnini, Michela Bevilacqua, Filomena Pierri, Massimo Conte, Loredana Amoroso, Giovanna Pala, Sara Pestarino, Elio Castagnola, Angelo Claudio Molinari, Concetta Micalizzi, Giuseppe Morreale, Girolamo Mattioli, A Pini Prato
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided (USG) cannulation of the brachiocephalic vein (BCV) is gaining worldwide consensus for central venous access in children. This study reports a 20-month experience with this approach in children. METHODS: All patients who underwent percutaneous USG central venous catheter (CVC) positioning in the BCV between August 2013 and March 2015 have been included. Devices inserted during this period were open-ended, either single or double-lumen tunneled CVC...
August 31, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500777/-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-malfunction-not-associated-with-ventricular-enlargement-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
D A Mirsadykov
Substantiation of the shunt failure diagnosis and subsequent consideration of indications for surgical elimination of the malfunction is a laborious and challenging process. Identification of a malfunction in doubtful cases requires, in addition to standard examinations, extra diagnostic procedures, which may delay making a decision for several weeks to several months. The article describes a case of mechanical CSF shunt malfunction (breakage and failure of a peritoneal catheter in a 7-year-old girl) with intracranial hypertension symptoms, but without typical enlargement of the brain ventricles...
2016: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489742/prostate-tissue-retrieval-after-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-assessment-of-non-morcellation-approaches
#18
Ahmed M Elshal, Yasser Eldemerdash, Ramy Mekkawy, Diaa-Eldin Taha, Mahmoud Laymon, Ahmed R El-Nahas, Ahmed El-Assmy
OBJECTIVES: To review non-morcellation approaches for tissue retrieval after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) and whether these approaches demolish the advantages of the HoLEP procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed our prospectively maintained laser prostate database for HoLEP procedures where non-morcellation approaches were used for retrieval of the enucleated adenoma. Non-morcellation approaches were adopted in cases of morcellator malfunction or whenever concomitant pathology indicated laparotomy...
June 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477589/can-cerebrospinal-fluid-pressure-detect-catheter-complications-in-patients-who-experience-loss-of-effectiveness-with-intrathecal-baclofen-therapy
#19
Michael Saulino, Michael Turner, Keith Miesel, Felicia R Cochran, Katherine Stromberg, Elizabeth Fehrmann, Mary Markert, Robert Spencer
OBJECTIVE: The catheter status of patients who presented with loss of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy effectiveness was investigated using measurements of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure transmitted through the catheter fluid path to the pump. The aim of the study was to estimate the appropriate threshold separating catheter complications from "normal" catheter function, and to compare catheter status based on CSF pressure with the clinical diagnosis. METHODS: This was a prospective, masked nonsignificant risk, research study...
August 1, 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436191/point-and-trend-accuracy-of-a-continuous-intravenous-microdialysis-based-glucose-monitoring-device-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-study
#20
J H Leopold, R T M van Hooijdonk, M Boshuizen, T Winters, L D Bos, A Abu-Hanna, A M T Hoek, J C Fischer, E C van Dongen-Lases, M J Schultz
BACKGROUND: Microdialysis is a well-established technology that can be used for continuous blood glucose monitoring. We determined point and trend accuracy, and reliability of a microdialysis-based continuous blood glucose-monitoring device (EIRUS(®)) in critically ill patients. METHODS: Prospective study involving patients with an expected intensive care unit stay of ≥48 h. Every 15 min, device readings were compared with blood glucose values measured in arterial blood during blocks of 8 h per day for a maximum of 3 days...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
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