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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690350/impartiality-statistical-tit-for-tats-and-the-construction-of-balance-uk-television-news-reporting-of-the-2016-eu-referendum-campaign
#1
Stephen Cushion, Justin Lewis
There has been greater news industry recognition in recent years that impartiality should not be translated into simply balancing the competing sides of a debate or issue. The binary nature of a referendum campaign represents a unique moment to consider whether broadcasters have put this into practice beyond routine political reporting. This study examines how impartiality was editorially interpreted in television news coverage during the United Kingdom's 2016 European Union referendum. We carried out a systematic content analysis of the United Kingdom's main evening bulletins over the 10-week campaign, examining the issues and sources shaping coverage, as well as all the statistical claims made by campaign actors...
June 2017: Eur J Commun
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647104/-french-haemovigilance-from-1994-to-nowadays-evolution-and-prospects
#2
B Lassale, G Daurat, M Besse-Moreau, J-P Aullen
Born in France in 1993, haemovigilance aims at monitoring the blood transfusion chain from the donor to the recipient, receiving labile blood products. It differs from the other vigilances due to its organization and its completeness dealing with the collected information. Prior to the European directive, the French agency created a new gravity level: grade 0, aiming at reporting and analyzing the blood transfusion chain dysfunction. Thus, haemovigilance gradually integrates the management of the risks and is given new missions in hospitals and private hospitals...
June 21, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644336/practice-bulletin-no-180-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#3
(no author information available yet)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy. However, debate continues to surround the diagnosis and treatment of GDM despite several recent large-scale studies addressing these issues. The purposes of this document are the following: 1) provide a brief overview of the understanding of GDM, 2) review management guidelines that have been validated by appropriately conducted clinical research, and 3) identify gaps in current knowledge toward which future research can be directed...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644335/practice-bulletin-number-179-breast-cancer-risk-assessment-and-screening-in-average-risk-women
#4
(no author information available yet)
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer death in American women (1). Regular screening mammography starting at age 40 years reduces breast cancer mortality in average-risk women (2). Screening, however, also exposes women to harm through false-positive test results and overdiagnosis of biologically indolent lesions. Differences in balancing benefits and harms have led to differences among major guidelines about what age to start, what age to stop, and how frequently to recommend mammography screening in average-risk women (2-4)...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644329/practice-bulletin-no-180-summary-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
(no author information available yet)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy. However, debate continues to surround the diagnosis and treatment of GDM despite several recent large-scale studies addressing these issues. The purposes of this document are the following: 1) provide a brief overview of the understanding of GDM, 2) review management guidelines that have been validated by appropriately conducted clinical research, and 3) identify gaps in current knowledge toward which future research can be directed...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644328/practice-bulletin-no-179-summary-breast-cancer-risk-assessment-and-screening-in-average-risk-women
#6
(no author information available yet)
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer death in American women (1). Regular screening mammography starting at age 40 years reduces breast cancer mortality in average-risk women (2). Screening, however, also exposes women to harm through false-positive test results and overdiagnosis of biologically indolent lesions. Differences in balancing benefits and harms have led to differences among major guidelines about what age to start, what age to stop, and how frequently to recommend mammography screening in average-risk women (2-4)...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598399/a-weekly-indicator-of-surface-moisture-status-from-satellite-data-for-operational-monitoring-of-crop-conditions
#7
Francesco Nutini, Daniela Stroppiana, Lorenzo Busetto, Dario Bellingeri, Chiara Corbari, Marco Mancini, Enrico Zini, Pietro Alessandro Brivio, Mirco Boschetti
The triangle method has been applied to derive a weekly indicator of evaporative fraction on vegetated areas in a temperate region in Northern Italy. Daily MODIS Aqua Land Surface Temperature (MYD11A1) data has been combined with air temperature maps and 8-day composite MODIS NDVI (MOD13Q1/MYD13Q1) data to estimate the Evaporative Fraction (EF) at 1 km resolution, on a daily basis. Measurements at two eddy covariance towers located within the study area have been exploited to assess the reliability of satellite based EF estimations as well as the robustness of input data...
June 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540672/communication-on-safety-of-medicines-in-europe-current-practices-and-general-practitioners-awareness-and-preferences
#8
Sieta T de Vries, Maartje J M van der Sar, Amelia Cupelli, Ilaria Baldelli, Anna Marie Coleman, Dolores Montero, Ivana Šipić, Adriana Andrić, Annika Wennberg, Jane Ahlqvist-Rastad, Petra Denig, Peter G M Mol
INTRODUCTION: National competent authorities (NCAs) for medicines coordinate communication relating to the safety of medicines in Europe. The effectiveness of current communication practices has been questioned, particularly with regard to reaching general practitioners (GPs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess current European NCA safety communication practices and to investigate European GPs' awareness of and preferences for safety communications on medicines...
May 24, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540197/decision-making-patterns-in-managing-children-with-suspected-biliary-dyskinesia
#9
Warapan Nakayuenyongsuk, Hassan Choudry, Karla Au Yeung, Wikrom Karnsakul
AIM: To explore and to analyze the patterns in decision-making by pediatric gastroenterologists in managing a child with a suspected diagnosis of functional gallbladder disorder (FGBD). METHODS: The questionnaire survey included a case history with right upper quadrant pain and was sent to pediatric gastroenterologists worldwide via an internet list server called the PEDGI Bulletin Board. RESULTS: Differences in decision-making among respondents in managing this case were observed at each level of investigations and management...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492214/the-faculty-of-health-studies-at-the-university-of-mostar-in-the-service-of-health
#10
Dragan Babić, Ivan Vasilj, Mladen Mimica
The continuous progress of science has a very positive effect on health care. Health care in its broader sense has greatly progressed in past decades, and the education of health care professions requires more continuous learning, teaching materials and course duration. It becomes clear that continuous education is not only important for good quality doctors, but all participants of health care are gaining more burdens and their work becomes more complex. There is an increased necessity for team work, division of tasks and specialization...
May 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486247/inappropriate-oophorectomy-at-time-of-benign-premenopausal-hysterectomy
#11
Amandeep S Mahal, Kim F Rhoads, Christopher S Elliott, Eric R Sokol
OBJECTIVE: We assessed rates of oophorectomy during benign hysterectomy around the release of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 2008 practice bulletin on prophylactic oophorectomy, and evaluated predictors of inappropriate premenopausal oophorectomy. METHODS: A cross-sectional administrative database analysis was performed utilizing the California Office of Statewide Health Planning Development Patient Discharge Database for years 2005 to 2011...
May 8, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426618/practice-bulletin-no-178-shoulder-dystocia
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426613/practice-bulletin-no-178-summary-shoulder-dystocia
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426125/cerclage-use-a-review-of-3-national-guidelines
#14
Jeffrey D Sperling, Joshua D Dahlke, Juan M Gonzalez
Importance: Preterm birth is a major contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality. The most common intervention performed to improve perinatal outcomes for a woman experiencing cervical dilation in the second trimester without signs or symptoms of preterm labor is the cerclage. Objective: We sought to review and compare available national guidelines on cerclage use. Evidence Acquisition: We performed a descriptive review of 3 national guidelines on cerclage: The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Practice Bulletin on "Cerclage for the Management of Cervical Insufficiency," Green-top Guideline from the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists entitled "Cervical Cerclage," and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada Clinical Practice Bulletin entitled "Cervical Insufficiency and Cervical Cerclage...
April 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334585/uptake-and-utilization-of-practice-guidelines-in-hospitals-in-the-united-states-the-case-of-routine-episiotomy
#15
Katy B Kozhimannil, Pinar Karaca-Mandic, Cori J Blauer-Peterson, Neel T Shah, Jonathan M Snowden
BACKGROUND: The gap between publishing and implementing guidelines differs based on practice setting, including hospital geography and teaching status. On March 31, 2006, a Practice Bulletin published by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommended against the routine use of episiotomy and urged clinicians to make judicious decisions to restrict the use of the procedure. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated changes in trends of episiotomy use before and after the ACOG Practice Guideline was issued in 2006, focusing on differences by hospital geographic location (rural/urban) and teaching status...
January 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333819/practice-bulletin-no-177-obstetric-analgesia-and-anesthesia
#16
(no author information available yet)
Labor causes severe pain for many women. There is no other circumstance in which it is considered acceptable for an individual to experience untreated severe pain that is amenable to safe intervention while the individual is under a physician's care. Many women desire pain management during labor and delivery, and there are many medical indications for analgesia and anesthesia during labor and delivery. In the absence of a medical contraindication, maternal request is a sufficient medical indication for pain relief during labor...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333818/practice-bulletin-no-176-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#17
(no author information available yet)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect quality of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP symptoms is in women aged 70-79 years (). Given the aging population in the United States, it is anticipated that by 2050 the number of women experiencing POP will increase by approximately 50% ()...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333811/practice-bulletin-no-177-summary-obstetric-analgesia-and-anesthesia
#18
(no author information available yet)
Labor causes severe pain for many women. There is no other circumstance in which it is considered acceptable for an individual to experience untreated severe pain that is amenable to safe intervention while the individual is under a physician's care. Many women desire pain management during labor and delivery, and there are many medical indications for analgesia and anesthesia during labor and delivery. In the absence of a medical contraindication, maternal request is a sufficient medical indication for pain relief during labor...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333810/practice-bulletin-no-176-summary-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#19
(no author information available yet)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect quality of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (1). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP symptoms is in women aged 70-79 years (2). Given the aging population in the United States, it is anticipated that by 2050 the number of women experiencing POP will increase by approximately 50% (3)...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266033/first-international-consensus-report-on-adnexal-masses-management-recommendations
#20
Phyllis Glanc, Beryl Benacerraf, Tom Bourne, Douglas Brown, Beverly G Coleman, Christopher Crum, Jason Dodge, Deborah Levine, Edward Pavlik, Dirk Timmerman, Frederick R Ueland, Wendy Wolfman, Steven R Goldstein
The First International Consensus Conference on Adnexal Masses was convened to thoroughly examine the state of the science and to formulate recommendations for clinical assessment and management. The panel included representatives of societies in the fields of gynecology, gynecologic oncology, radiology, and pathology and clinicians from Europe, Canada, and the United States. In the United States, there are approximately 9.1 surgeries per malignancy compared to the European International Ovarian Tumor Analysis center trials, with only 2...
May 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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