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Yousheng Yan, Zhaoyan Meng, Shengju Hao, Fang Wang, Xiaohua Jin, Daguang Sun, Huafang Gao, Xu Ma
BACKGROUND: Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) is an inherited skin disorder with variable severity and heterogeneous genetic involvement. Recessive DEB (RDEB) is a rare heritable blistering skin condition caused by loss-of-function mutations in the COL7A1 gene. AIM: This study aimed to determine the genetic basis of three Chinese RDEB patients from different families and identify correlations between phenotype and genotype. METHODS: All three patients were diagnosed with RDEB based on typical phenotype...
January 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Jeff Myers, Roxanne Cosby, Danusia Gzik, Ingrid Harle, Deb Harrold, Nadia Incardona, Tara Walton
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning and goals of care discussions involve the exploration of what is most important to a person, including their values and beliefs in preparation for health-care decision-making. Advance care planning conversations focus on planning for future health care, ensuring that an incapable person's wishes are known and can guide the person's substitute decision maker for future decision-making. Goals of care discussions focus on preparing for current decision-making by ensuring the person's goals guide this process...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Jennifer M Watchmaker, Blaise deB Frederick, Matthew R Fusco, Larry T Davis, Meher R Juttukonda, Sarah K Lants, Howard S Kirshner, Manus J Donahue
BACKGROUND: Surgical revascularization is often performed in patients with moyamoya, however routine tools for efficacy evaluation are underdeveloped. The gold standard is digital subtraction angiography (DSA); however, DSA requires ionizing radiation and procedural risk, and therefore is suboptimal for routine surveillance of parenchymal health. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether parenchymal vascular compliance measures, obtained noninvasively using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), provide surrogates to revascularization success by comparing measures with DSA before and after surgical revascularization...
March 8, 2018: Neurosurgery
Eimear Muir-Cochrane, Deb O'Kane, Candice Oster
Restrictive practices continue to be used in mental health care despite increasing recognition of their harms and an international effort to reduce and ultimately eliminate their use. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore mental health nurses' views of the potential elimination of these practices. Nine focus groups were conducted with 44 mental health nurses across Australia, and the data analysed using thematic analysis. Overall, the nurses expressed significant fear about the potential elimination of restrictive practices and saw themselves as being blamed for both the use of these practices and the consequences should they be eliminated...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Priscila Aparecida Milani, Karina Bugan Debs, Geórgia Labuto, Elma Neide Vasconcelos Martins Carrilho
Sugarcane bagasse and hydroponic lettuce roots were used as biosorbents for Cu(II), Fe(II), Zn(II), and Mn(II) removal from monoelemental solutions in aqueous medium, at pH 5.5, using batch procedures. These biomasses were studied in natura (lettuce roots, NLR, and sugarcane bagasse, NSB) and modified with HNO3 (lettuce roots, MLR, and sugarcane bagasse, MSB). Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich non-linear isotherm models were used to evaluate the data from the metal ion adsorption assessment. The maximum adsorption capacities (qmax ) in monoelemental solution, calculated using the Langmuir isothermal model for Cu(II), Fe(II), Zn(II), and Mn(II), were respectively 24...
March 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yun-Zhu Mu, Zi-Cen Du, Zheng-Zhong Zhang, Hao Yang, Xing Chen, Yanbo Wang, Lin-Li Liu
Distrophic epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa(DEB-Pr, OMIM#604129) is a rare subtype of epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica. It is characterized by recurrent vesicles and erosions on the extensor of the limbs at birth or shortly thereafter and pruriginosa papules and nodules accompanied with intense itching and nail dystrophy in adult stage1 . Histology reveals hyperkeratosis, mild acanthosis and a subepidermal blister formation2 . Electron microscopic studies showed alterations in the number and ultrastructure of anchoring fibrils in lesional, perilesional and non-lesional skin3 ...
March 6, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Samantha Greenberg, Beverly M Yashar, Mark Pearlman, Deb Duquette, Kara Milliron, Monica Marvin
Healthcare disparities exist in the provision of cancer genetic services including genetic counseling and testing related to BRCA1/2 mutations. To address this in a community health setting a screening tool was created to identify high-risk women. This study evaluates the implementation of the tool and identifies opportunities for improved cancer genetic screening, including regular clinician education. A mixed-method approach was used to evaluate clinician utilization of the screening tool at Planned Parenthood affiliates...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Community Genetics
KangJu Lee, Seul Gee Lee, Ilkwang Jang, Seung Hyun Park, Dasom Yang, Il Ho Seo, Sung-Kyung Bong, Duk Hwan An, Min Kwon Lee, In Kwon Jung, Yong Hoon Jang, Jung Sun Kim, WonHyoung Ryu
In-stent restenosis (ISR) often occurs after applying drug eluting stents to the blood vessels suffering from atherosclerosis or thrombosis. For treatment of ISR, drug eluting balloons (DEB) have been developed to deliver anti-proliferative drugs to the lesions with ISR. However, there are still limitations of DEB such as low drug delivery efficiency and drug loss to blood flow. Although most researches have focused on alteration of drug formulation for more efficient drug delivery, there are few studies that have attempted to understand and utilize the contact modality of DEB drug delivery...
March 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Takuji Masunaga, Akiharu Kubo, Akira Ishiko
Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB), pretibial, a rare subtype of epidermolysis bullosa (EB), is characterized by recurrent blisters and erosions predominantly on the pretibial region. We report the case of a 60-year-old Japanese woman with persistent blistering eruptions and scar formation on the pretibial region and elbows. Mutational analysis revealed a previously reported c.5797C>T mutation in exon 70 (p.R1933X) and a novel c.6348+1G>A mutation in intron 76 of COL7A1. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction revealed that the c...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
Charlene H Emerson, Christopher R Lopez, Albert Ribes-Zamora, Erica J Polleys, Christopher L Williams, Lythou Yeo, Jacques E Zaneveld, Rui Chen, Alison A Bertuch
The Ku heterodimer acts centrally in non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) of DNA double strand breaks (DSB). Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ku, like mammalian Ku, binds and recruits NHEJ factors to DSB ends. Consequently, NHEJ is virtually absent in yeast Ku null ( yku 70Δ or yku80Δ ) strains. Previously, we unexpectedly observed imprecise NHEJ proficiency in a yeast Ku mutant with impaired DNA end-binding (DEB). However, how DEB impairment supported imprecise NHEJ was unknown. Here, we found imprecise NHEJ proficiency to be a feature of a panel of DEB-impaired Ku mutants and that DEB impairment resulted in a deficiency in precise NHEJ...
March 2, 2018: Genetics
Lulu Liu, Bin Liu, Jiajun Ren, Gang Hui, Chao Qi, Junnan Wang
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting balloons (DEB) have significant value for treating coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the merits of using DEB versus drug-eluting stents (DES) to treat CAD remain controversial. Herein, we conducted a meta-analysis to compare the safety and efficacy of DEB and DES for treatment of CAD. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL databases for eligible trials comparing DEB with DES for treatment of CAD. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE); the secondary endpoints included in-lesion late lumen loss (LLL), binary restenosis (BR), myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR) and mortality...
March 2, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Ananya Deb, Nirmala Grace Andrews, Vimala Raghavan
The present study focuses on the development of a chitosan functionalized nanobiocomposite for the co-delivery of two anti-cancer drugs camptothecin (CPT) and 3,3'‑Diindolylmethane (DIM). The difference in the mechanism of action of the two drugs makes them a promising candidate to produce a synergistic effect against breast cancer. Herein a nanobiocomposite was developed by functionalizing a natural polymer chitosan to graphene oxide nanoparticles and decorated with folic acid. The nanobiocomposite thus synthesized was loaded with camptothecin and 3,3'‑Diindolylmethane and characterized by X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-visible spectroscopy (UV) and atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Itay Tokatly Latzer, Marianna Rachmiel, Nehama Zuckerman Levin, Kineret Mazor-Aronovitch, Zohar Landau, Rachel Frumkin Ben-David, Chana GrafBar-El, Noah Gruber, Noa Levek, Batia Weiss, Daniel Stein, Liat Lerner-Geva, Orit Pinhas-Hamiel
BACKGROUND: Disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) may lead to full blown eating disorders. Both type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and celiac disease (CD) have been linked to DEBs. OBJECTIVE: To compare the presence of DEBs between adolescents and young adults with a dual diagnosis of T1DM and CD, and individuals with only one of the diagnoses. METHODS: Individuals with a dual diagnosis of T1DM and CD ("T1DM + CD group" n = 39), with a diagnosis of T1DM only ("T1DM group" n = 97) and with a diagnosis of CD only ("CD group" n = 267) filled the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26) questionnaire...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
Satamita Deb, Soumik Basu, Achintya Singha, Tapan K Dutta
Based on the sole information of structural genes of the 2-nitrobenzoate (2NBA) utilizing catabolic gene cluster ( onbX1X2FCAR1EHJIGDBX3 ), 2NBA-sensing bioreporters were constructed by incorporating egfp into the onb gene cluster of Cupriavidus sp. strain ST-14. Incorporation of reporter gene in proximal to the hypothesized promoter region in conjunction with the disruption of the gene encoding inducer-metabolizing enzyme was turned out to be advantageous in reporter gene expression at low inducer concentration...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Jian-Ying Zeng, Xiang-Hao Piao, Zhong-Yuan Zou, Qing-Feng Yang, Zi-Lin Qin, Ji-Bing Chen, Liang Zhou, Li-Zhi Niu, Jian-Guo Liu
This study aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of drug-eluting bead (DEB) embolization (DEB-TACE) when combined with cryoablation in the treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The study was a single-center randomized controlled trial comprised of 60 patients with HCC conducted between August 2015 and October 2017. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: DEB-TACE combined with cryoablation (DEB-TACE-Cryo group) or cryoablation alone (Cryo group). Inter-group differences in overall survival, progression-free survival, and adverse reactions were assessed...
January 26, 2018: Oncotarget
Kong-Yong Cui, Shu-Zheng Lyu, Min Zhang, Xian-Tao Song, Fei Yuan, Feng Xu
Background: Currently, drug-eluting balloon (DEB) appears to be an attractive alternative option for the treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR). Nevertheless, the clinical outcomes of DEB have seldom been compared to those of new-generation drug-eluting stent (DES). Thus, this meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of DEB compared to those of new-generation DES in the treatment of ISR. Methods: A comprehensive search of electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library up to November 2, 2017 was performed to identify pertinent articles comparing DEB to new-generation DES for the treatment of ISR...
March 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Dimitrios Venetsanos, Sofia Sederholm Lawesson, Georgios Panayi, Tim Tödt, Ulf Berglund, Eva Swahn, Joakim Alfredsson
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing drug coated balloons (DCB) with new generation drug-eluting stents (nDES) for the treatment of de novo coronary artery lesions are lacking. METHODS: From 2009 to 2016, DCB or nDES used for treatment of de novo coronary lesions at our institution were included, in total 1,197 DEB and 6,458 nDES. We evaluated target lesions restenosis (TLR) and definite target lesion thrombosis (TLT). Propensity score modeling were utilized to study adjusted associations between treatment and outcomes...
February 26, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Cheryl L Morrison, Luke Iwanowicz, Thierry M Work, Elizabeth Fahsbender, Mya Breitbart, Cynthia Adams, Deb Iwanowicz, Lakyn Sanders, Mathias Ackermann, Robert S Cornman
Chelonid alphaherpesvirus 5 (ChHV5) is a herpesvirus associated with fibropapillomatosis (FP) in sea turtles worldwide. Single-locus typing has previously shown differentiation between Atlantic and Pacific strains of this virus, with low variation within each geographic clade. However, a lack of multi-locus genomic sequence data hinders understanding of the rate and mechanisms of ChHV5 evolutionary divergence, as well as how these genomic changes may contribute to differences in disease manifestation. To assess genomic variation in ChHV5 among five Hawaii and three Florida green sea turtles, we used high-throughput short-read sequencing of long-range PCR products amplified from tumor tissue using primers designed from the single available ChHV5 reference genome from a Hawaii green sea turtle...
2018: PeerJ
Aniket Mishra, Upasana Mukherjee, Tripta Kumari Vats, Indubhusan Deb
Ir(III)-catalyzed unprecedented mild C-H amidation for weakly co-ordinating cyclic N-sulfonyl ketimines, accelerated by a mono protected L-amino acid, has been developed. The method uses 1,4,2-dioxazol-5-ones as the robust amidating reagent in conjunction with a catalytic amount of silver triflate. It is highly selective, and does not require stoichiometric amount of oxidants or additives. A series of mechanistic experiments were performed to gain some insights into reaction mechanism. The strategy provides easy access to novel benzosultam-quinazoline and benzosultam-quinazolinone hybrid scaffolds endowed with pharmaceutically relevant features...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
P L Klerks, A Kascak, A M Cazan, N Deb Adhikary, A Chistoserdov, A Shaik, S Osman, F R Louka
The relationship between organisms and contaminants may be a two-way interaction: contaminants affecting the biota and the biota affecting the environmental fate and distribution of the contaminants. This may be especially so for sediment-dwelling organisms, because their burrowing and feeding can drastically influence sediment characteristics. The present study looked at the influence of the suspension-feeding stout razor clam Tagelus plebeius on the distribution of crude oil and pyrene in greenhouse mesocosm experiments...
February 22, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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