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Rajib Deb, Gyanendra Singh Sengar, Umesh Singh, Sushil Kumar, R R Alyethodi, Rani Alex, T V Raja, A K Das, B Prakash
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a diagnostic method for amplification of DNA with rapid and minimal equipment requirement. In the present study, we applied the LAMP assay for rapid detection of cow components adulteration in buffalo milk/meat samples. The test can be completed within around 1 h 40 min starting from DNA extraction and can be performed in water bath without requirement of thermocycler. The cow DNA in buffalo samples were identified in the developed LAMP assay by either visualizing with SYBR Green I/HNB dyes or observing the typical ladder pattern on gel electrophoresis...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Biotechnology
Usha Sambamoorthi, Arijita Deb, Steve Zhou, Rahul Garg, Tao Fan, Anders Boss
We examined the real-world utilization and persistence of rapid acting insulin (RAI) in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes who added RAI to their drug (OAD) regimen. Insulin-naïve patients aged ≥65 years, with ≥1 OAD prescription during the baseline period, who were continuously enrolled in the US Humana Medicare Advantage insurance plan for 18 months and initiated RAI were included. Among patients with ≥2 RAI prescriptions (RAIp), persistence during the 12-month follow-up was assessed. Multivariate logistic regression analyses identified factors affecting RAI use and persistence...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Kaushik Deb Das, Shubhamoy Ghosh, Asim Kumar Das, Aloke Ghosh, Ramkumar Mondal, Tanapa Banerjee, Seikh Sajid Ali, Seikh Swaif Ali, Munmun Koley, Subhranil Saha
AIM: Controversies and disagreement exist on conventional treatment strategies of hemorrhoids due to relapse, inefficacy, and complications. We intend to evaluate the role of individualized homeopathic treatment in hemorrhoids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, open, observational trial, hemorrhoids patients were treated using five standardized scales measuring complaints severity and anoscopic score. It was conducted at two homeopathic hospitals in India, during from mid-July 2014 to mid-July 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
Rafeeque R Alyethodi, Rajib Deb, Rani Alex, Sushil Kumar, Umesh Singh, Shrikant Tyagi, D K Mandal, T V Raja, A K Das, Sheetal Sharma, Gyanendra S Sengar, Rani Singh, B Prakash
Cryopreservation is one of the most important aspects of frozen semen technology and livestock breeding. Uses of candidate molecular markers in selection strategies for male fertility are well recognized. The present investigation targeted two microsatellite markers (BM1500 and UMN 2008) for association with semen quality variables and freezing capacity in Frieswal (HF×Sahiwal) crossbred bulls of Indian origin. Of the different alleles at the polymorphic locus BM1500, the 136bp allele was associated with greater (P<0...
October 11, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
George F Reiter, Aniruddha Deb, Yoshiharu Sakurai, Masayoshi Itou, Alexander I Kolesnikov
X-ray Compton scattering measurements of the electron momentum distribution in water confined in both single walled and double walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT and DWNT), as a function of temperature and confinement size, presented here, together with earlier measurements of the proton momentum distribution in the same systems, using neutron Compton scattering, provide a coherent picture of an anomalous state of water that exists because of nano-confinement. This state cannot be described by the weakly interacting molecule picture...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Naomi Dailey, Deb Niemeier, Carine Elkhoraibi, C Gabriel Sentíes-Cué, Maurice Pitesky
While pasture-raised poultry comprises a small portion of the commercial poultry industry in North America, these alternative rearing systems have become increasingly popular. As such, it is critical to improve our understanding of husbandry practices and prevalence of zoonotic and epizoonotic diseases in these systems. This research reviews the results of a survey sent to 82 commercial pastured poultry farms in California. While the survey response was low (13.4%), it was enhanced by detailed in-person interviews and farm visits...
October 14, 2016: Poultry Science
Mette Groenkjaer, Charlotte de Crespigny, Dennis Liu, John Moss, Imelda Cairney, Deb Lee, Nicholas Procter, Cherrie Galletly
Mental health disorder and alcohol and other drug comorbidity is prevalent in Australia. This qualitative study used semistructured interviews (N = 20) to elicit clinicians' and workers' knowledge, experiences, and opinions regarding issues pertaining to service needs of people with comorbidity in a metropolitan region of South Australia. The study revealed barriers to effective access and delivery of comorbidity care by MH and AOD services. Participants reported difficulties with identification, access, suitability, policy, funding, and collaboration between sectors and services responding to comorbidity...
October 14, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Alvin Ho-Kwan Cheung, Colin Siu-Chi Lam, Henry Shiu-Cheung Tam, Tan-To Cheung, Roberta Pang, Ronnie Tung-Ping Poon
BACKGROUND: Chemoembolization with doxorubucin-eluting beads (DEB) has been used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) since 2007. This study compared the efficacy and survival between transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) with DEB and conventional approach (cTACE) in HCC treatment. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study compared the overall survival and tumor response of HCC patients to cTACE (n=190) and DEB (n=143) by the reassessment of computed tomography and serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)...
October 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Arijita Deb, Usha Sambamoorthi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate rates and the patterns of depression treatment among adults with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and depression. METHODS: We used a retrospective, cross-sectional study design, pooling data from 2010 and 2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). The study sample consisted of 527 individuals aged 21 years or older, diagnosed with COPD and depression. Depression treatment was grouped into 3 categories based on those who received: 1) neither antidepressant nor psychotherapy; 2) antidepressants only; and 3) psychotherapy combined with antidepressants (combination therapy)...
October 13, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Joydeep Dutta, G Kar, D Deb, B Difeosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ravikumar Pujar, G Kar, D Deb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Marcela Martin-Del-Campo, Raul Rosales-Ibañez, Keila Alvarado, Jose G Sampedro, Christian A Garcia-Sepulveda, Sanjukta Deb, Julio San Román, Luis Rojo
Strontium folate (SrFO) is a recently developed bone promoting agent with interest in medical and pharmaceutical fields due to its improved features in comparison to current strontium based therapies for osteoporosis and other bone diseases. In this work SrFO derivative was synthesized and loaded into biohybrid scaffolds obtained through lyophilisation of semi-interpenetrating networks of chitosan polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate and beta tri-calcium phosphate (βTCP) fabricated using free radical polymerization...
October 18, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Stanislaw P Stawicki, Lena Deb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
Sila Datta, Jay Gopal Ray, Tushar Deb, Santanu Patsa
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the malignant neoplasm of striated muscle and a relatively uncommon tumor of the oral cavity. Embryonal variety is the most common subtype, observed in children below 10 years of age but occasionally seen in adolescents and young adults. The present report describes a case of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in the left posterior buccal mucosa, with extension in the adjacent alveolus, soft palate, oropharynx and nasopharynx of a 17-year-old female.
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Fernando Alfonso, Marcos García-Guimarães, Gonzalo Navarrete, Javier Cuesta, Teresa Bastante, Amparo Benedicto, Fernando Rivero, Bernardo Cortese
Drug-eluting balloons (DEB) may be considered as a "quiet revolution" in percutaneous coronary interventions. Early-generation DEB eluting paclitaxel proved to be very effective in animal models to reduce neointimal hyperplasia. Areas covered: Review of DEB efficacy in patients with coronary de novo lesions and in-stent restenosis (ISR). Expert opinion: Many randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses have demonstrated the value of DEB in patients with ISR. In this setting, DEB are safe and effective with clinical and angiographic results superior to plain balloon angioplasty and at least equivalent to first generation drug-eluting stents (DES)...
October 8, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Graham Thornicroft, Tanya Deb, Claire Henderson
This paper aims to give an overview of the key issues facing those who are in a position to influence the planning and provision of mental health systems, and who need to address questions of which staff, services and sectors to invest in, and for which patients. The paper considers in turn: a) definitions of community mental health care; b) a conceptual framework to use when evaluating the need for hospital and community mental health care; c) the potential for wider platforms, outside the health service, for mental health improvement, including schools and the workplace; d) data on how far community mental health services have been developed across different regions of the world; e) the need to develop in more detail models of community mental health services for low- and middle-income countries which are directly based upon evidence for those countries; f) how to incorporate mental health practice within integrated models to identify and treat people with comorbid long-term conditions; g) possible adverse effects of deinstitutionalization...
October 2016: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
K S Hardman, P J Everitt, G D McDonald, P Manju, P B Wigley, M A Sooriyabandara, C C N Kuhn, J E Debs, J D Close, N P Robins
A Bose-Einstein condensate is used as an atomic source for a high precision sensor. A 5×10^{6}  atom F=1 spinor condensate of ^{87}Rb is released into free fall for up to 750 ms and probed with a T=130  ms Mach-Zehnder atom interferometer based on Bragg transitions. The Bragg interferometer simultaneously addresses the three magnetic states |m_{f}=1,0,-1⟩, facilitating a simultaneous measurement of the acceleration due to gravity with a 1000 run precision of Δg/g=1.45×10^{-9} and the magnetic field gradient to a precision of 120  pT/m...
September 23, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Pulak Deb, Jubaraj Singha, Indranil Chanda, Prithviraj Chakraborty
AIM AND BACKGROUND: The aim of the present investigation is to formulate and optimize oral sustained release matrix tablet of highly water soluble drug Tramadol HCl and to evaluate the effect of varying concentration of hydrophilic and hydrophobic polymer on drug release, based on a survey done on the recent patents of Tramadol HCl (US7374781, CA 2479252) and sustained release matrix tablets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The tablets were prepared by double granulation process, by melt granulation and wet granulation technique using Carnauba wax(CW) and HPMC K100 as release retardant ...
October 4, 2016: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
Triloke Ranjan Lakshman, Jolly Deb, Tapan Kanti Paine
Zinc(ii)-NSAID complexes supported by NO-donating 1,10-phenanthrolinefuroxan exhibit anti-inflammatory activities through selective inhibition of the COX-2 pathway. The strategy represents a general procedure to convert non-selective or COX-1 selective NSAIDs to selective COX-2 inhibitors.
September 13, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Ran Tao, Xiaodan Li, Ruizhi Ran, Zhihua Xiao, Hongyue Zhang, Hongyan Kong, Qiqin Song, Yu Huang, Likui Wang, Jiaquan Huang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is usually managed by the transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). However, this technique has been challenged since severe complications have been observed in clinical practices. As a result, clinicians have started to seek other minimally invasive surgeries with equivalent efficacy. The corresponding surgeries were assessed by the five outcomes: complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), progression disease (PD) and objective response rate (ORR)...
September 29, 2016: Oncotarget
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