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Perioperative arrhythmia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907878/ultrasound-in-cardiac-trauma
#1
Theodosios Saranteas, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Christina Mandila, John Poularas, Fotios Panou
In the perioperative period, the emergency department or the intensive care unit accurate assessment of variable chest pain requires meticulous knowledge, diagnostic skills, and suitable usage of various diagnostic modalities. In addition, in polytrauma patients, cardiac injury including aortic dissection, pulmonary embolism, acute myocardial infarction, and pericardial effusion should be immediately revealed and treated. In these patients, arrhythmias, mainly tachycardia, cardiac murmurs, or hypotension must alert physicians to suspect cardiovascular trauma, which would potentially be life threatening...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884409/percutaneous-perventricular-device-closure-of-ventricular-septal-defect-from-incision-to-pinhole
#2
Changping Gan, Ling Peng, Zhonglei Liang, Haibo Song, Jiahuang Yang, Weiqiang Ruan, Shuhua Luo, Ke Lin
BACKGROUND: As an alternative to open surgical repair, perventricular device closure provides minimally invasive treatment for doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defects. However, unlike percutaneous transcatheter access, mini-thoracotomy is still needed. This report describes the percutaneous perventricular device closure technique and its short-term results for this type of heart defect. METHODS: Sixteen patients who had isolated doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defects underwent percutaneous perventricular device closure...
November 21, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869053/incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-adults-undergoing-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#3
David M Kwiatkowski, Elizabeth Price, David M Axelrod, Anitra W Romfh, Brian S Han, Scott M Sutherland, Catherine D Krawczeski
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery is a frequent and serious complication among children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and adults with acquired heart disease; however, the significance of kidney injury in adults after congenital heart surgery is unknown. The primary objective of this study was to determine the incidence of acute kidney injury after surgery for adult CHD. Secondary objectives included determination of risk factors and associations with clinical outcomes...
November 21, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865637/increased-risk-of-mortality-after-lower-extremity-bypass-in-individuals-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-the-vascular-quality-initiative
#4
Erica Flores, Juan Pablo Lewinger, Vincent L Rowe, Karen Woo, Fred A Weaver, David Shavelle, Leonardo Clavijo, Parveen K Garg
OBJECTIVE: The development of acute kidney injury (AKI) and its effect on prognosis after lower extremity bypass (LEB) surgery have not been well described. We determined risk factors associated with AKI in patients undergoing infrainguinal LEB surgery and whether individuals with AKI are at increased risk for cardiovascular events and mortality. METHODS: Data for 12,907 operations entered in the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) registry from January 2012 through April 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858888/percutaneous-device-closure-of-atrial-septal-defect-with-totally-transthoracic-echocardiography-guide-without-x-ray-machine
#5
Hua Cao, Qiang Chen, Gui-Can Zhang, Liang-Wan Chen, Zhi-Huang Qiu, Heng Lu
The present study investigated the feasibility of totally transthoracic echocardiography-guided percutaneous device occlusion of atrial septal defects (ASDs) without using x-ray equipment.Between September and December 2014, we performed totally transthoracic echocardiography-guided percutaneous device occlusion for 20 patients with secundum ASD without using x-ray equipment. We carried out percutaneous femoral vein puncture, used a specialized delivery sheath during operation, and closed the ASD by releasing an occluder...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803121/new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-after-anatomic-lung-resection-predictive-factors-treatment-and-follow-up-in-a-uk-thoracic-centre
#6
Megan Garner, Tom Routledge, Juliet E King, John E Pilling, Lukacs Veres, Karen Harrison-Phipps, Andrea Bille, Leanne Harling
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) increases morbidity, hospital stay and healthcare expenditure. This study aims to determine the perioperative factors correlating with POAF as well as to evaluate both treatment strategies and AF persistence beyond discharge. METHODS: The records of all patients undergoing anatomical lung resection over a 1-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with a history of arrhythmia were excluded. POAF was defined by clinical diagnosis and electrocardiography...
November 1, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769228/quantifying-the-effect-of-complications-on-patient-flow-costs-and-surgical-throughputs
#7
Ahmed Almashrafi, Laura Vanderbloemen
BACKGROUND: Postoperative adverse events are known to increase length of stay and cost. However, research on how adverse events affect patient flow and operational performance has been relatively limited to date. Moreover, there is paucity of studies on the use of simulation in understanding the effect of complications on care processes and resources. In hospitals with scarcity of resources, postoperative complications can exert a substantial influence on hospital throughputs. METHODS: This paper describes an evaluation method for assessing the effect of complications on patient flow within a cardiac surgical department...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713852/delayed-cerebral-infarct-following-anterior-cervical-diskectomy-and-fusion
#8
Christopher S Graffeo, Ross C Puffer, Eelco F M Wijdicks, William E Krauss
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke following anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF) is an exceedingly rare complication. There are only three previous cases focusing on this problem in the literature; here, we present the fourth case. CASE DESCRIPTION: A patient, cared for at an outside institution, developed a delayed ischemic stroke 3 days following an ACDF. This complication was attributed to carotid manipulation precipitating vascular injury in the setting of multiple comorbid vascular and coagulopathic risk factors, including previously undiagnosed carotid atherosclerosis, a prior history of pulmonary embolus requiring Warfarin anticoagulation (held perioperatively), acute dehydration, and atrial fibrillation...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687339/acute-stroke-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-population-based-trend-analysis
#9
Mohammad R Rasouli, Reza Mostafavi Tabatabaee, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Antonia F Chen
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine trends and predictors of acute stroke among total joint arthroplasty (TJA) patients using nationally representative data. DESIGN: Retrospective database review. SETTING: Nationwide Inpatient Sample database. PATIENTS: A total of 1,762,496 TJAs from 2002 to 2011. INTERVENTIONS: Patients underwent primary or revision total hip or total knee arthroplasty...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680064/-study-on-the-association-of-gastric-conduit-width-and-postoperative-early-delayed-gastric-emptying-in-middle-lower-esophageal-cancer-patients-undergoing-ivor-lewis-procedure
#10
Fuxi Zhen, Sailei Shi, Lei Xue, Jinyuan Liu, Jinhua Luo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between gastric conduit width and postoperative early delayed gastric emptying (DGE) in patients with middle-lower esophageal carcinoma who underwent Ivor-Lewis operation. METHODS: Clinical data of 282 consecutive patients with middle-lower esophageal cancer who underwent the Ivor-Lewis operation by same surgical team in our department from January 2013 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into three groups according to the width of gastric conduit: width > 5...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665857/atrial-fibrillation-following-off-pump-versus-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-incidence-and-risk-factors
#11
Łukasz Lewicki, Janusz Siebert, Jan Rogowski
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia that occurs after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). New surgical techniques, particularly off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB), are thought to be less invasive and results in fewer complications, i.e. AF, but available data are inconsistent. The aim of this study is to present the incidence and risk factors of AF in patients operated on with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: We studied 1836 consecutive patients with stable coronary artery disease who were operated on with (CABG) or without (OPCAB) cardiopulmonary bypass...
September 26, 2016: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621857/lung-cancer-resection-with-concurrent-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypasses-safety-and-efficiency
#12
Xuchen Ma, Fangjiong Huang, Zhitai Zhang, Feiqiang Song, Songlei Ou
BACKGROUND: To assess the safety and efficacy of combined surgery for patients with concurrent lung cancer and severe coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: Between 2003 and 2014, 34 patients with stage I or II lung cancer and simultaneous severe CHD underwent combined off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting and lung resection. Surgically, myocardial revascularization was performed first and followed by lobectomies through the same or a second incision...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540247/application-of-pharmaceutical-knowledge-to-the-unconventional-use-of-a-rarely-used-anaesthetic-agent
#13
Caroline Cole
CASE SUMMARY: A 6 yr old 45 kg child with severe Cushinoid features was admitted to PICU with probable hypertensive encephalopathy. She presented with increasing headaches, vomiting and seizures becoming unresponsive with a GCS of 3. She was profoundly hypertensive and her cortisol levels were significantly elevated (>2000 nmol/L). Rapid reduction in cortisol levels was required to stabilise her condition prior to surgery. Etomidate is the only readily available intravenous preparation which reliably suppresses adrenocortical function...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523460/rapid-deployment-versus-conventional-bio-prosthetic-aortic-valve-replacement
#14
Andrew L Smith, William Y Shi, Alexander Rosalion, Michael Yii, Michael O'Keefe, Andrew E Newcomb, Philip Davis
BACKGROUND: The use of rapid-deployment aortic valve replacement (RD-AVR) has burgeoned in recent years. There are few studies comparing RD-AVR to conventional aortic valve replacement (cAVR) and no studies where both were inserted via full sternotomy. As such, we reviewed our experience and compared the two approaches. METHODS: From 2008 to 2015, 597 patients underwent isolated aortic valve replacement ± coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) at a single centre...
July 16, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515953/the-unnatural-history-of-pulmonary-stenosis-up-to-40%C3%A2-years-after-surgical-repair
#15
Judith A Ae Cuypers, Myrthe E Menting, Petra Opić, Elisabeth M Wj Utens, Willem A Helbing, Maarten Witsenburg, Annemien E van den Bosch, Ron T van Domburg, Sara J Baart, Eric Boersma, Folkert J Meijboom, Ad J Jc Bogers, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink
OBJECTIVE: To provide prospective information on long-term outcome after surgical correction of valvular pulmonary stenosis (PS). METHODS: Fifty-three consecutive patients operated for PS during childhood between 1968 and 1980 in one centre are followed longitudinally for 37±3.4 years, including extensive in-hospital examination every 10 years. RESULTS: Survival information was available in 100% of the original 53 patients. Cumulative survival was 94% at 20 years and 91% at 40 years...
August 11, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496437/hrv-influence-during-renal-transplantation-procedure-on-long-term-mortality
#16
J Biernawska, K Kotfis, M Kaczmarczyk, W Błaszczyk, E Barnik, M Żukowski
BACKGROUND: The autonomic nervous system plays an important role in heart function regulation. One of the most acknowledged methods for noninvasive measurement of autonomic system activity is to determine heart rate variability (HRV). Reduced HRV parameters-heart rate rigidity/stiffness-are an independent prognostic factor of sudden cardiac death risk because of arrhythmia. Renal transplantation is an important factor in HRV changes because of hemodynamic and ion disturbances. The main purpose of this study was to determine the influence of HRV disturbances during renal transplantation procedures on long-term mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488764/nitrates-for-the-prevention-of-cardiac-morbidity-and-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-non-cardiac-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Na Zhao, Jin Xu, Balwinder Singh, Xuerong Yu, Taixiang Wu, Yuguang Huang
BACKGROUND: Cardiac complications are not uncommon in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery, especially in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) or at high risk of CAD. Perioperative cardiac complications can lead to mortality and morbidity, as well as higher costs for patient care. Nitrates, which are among the most commonly used cardiovascular drugs, perform the function of decreasing cardiac preload while improving cardiac blood perfusion. Sometimes, nitrates are administered to patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery to reduce the incidence of cardiac complications, especially for patients with CAD...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466030/anesthesia-technique-and-mortality-after-total-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#18
Anahi Perlas, Vincent W S Chan, Scott Beattie
BACKGROUND: This propensity score-matched cohort study evaluates the effect of anesthetic technique on a 30-day mortality after total hip or knee arthroplasty. METHODS: All patients who had hip or knee arthroplasty between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2014, were evaluated. The principal exposure was spinal versus general anesthesia. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. Secondary outcomes were (1) perioperative myocardial infarction; (2) a composite of major adverse cardiac events that includes cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, or newly diagnosed arrhythmia; (3) pulmonary embolism; (4) major blood loss; (5) hospital length of stay; and (6) operating room procedure time...
October 2016: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27415436/capturing-pain-in-the-cortex-during-general-anesthesia-near-infrared-spectroscopy-measures-in-patients-undergoing-catheter-ablation-of-arrhythmias
#19
Barry D Kussman, Christopher M Aasted, Meryem A Yücel, Sarah C Steele, Mark E Alexander, David A Boas, David Borsook, Lino Becerra
The predictability of pain makes surgery an ideal model for the study of pain and the development of strategies for analgesia and reduction of perioperative pain. As functional near-infrared spectroscopy reproduces the known functional magnetic resonance imaging activations in response to a painful stimulus, we evaluated the feasibility of functional near-infrared spectroscopy to measure cortical responses to noxious stimulation during general anesthesia. A multichannel continuous wave near-infrared imager was used to measure somatosensory and frontal cortical activation in patients undergoing catheter ablation of arrhythmias under general anesthesia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401700/initial-experience-in-uniportal-subxiphoid-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-major-lung-resections
#20
Luis Angel Hernandez-Arenas, Lei Lin, Yang Yang, Ming Liu, William Guido, Diego Gonzalez-Rivas, Gening Jiang, Lei Jiang
OBJECTIVES: Uniportal subxiphoid video-assisted thoracoscopic (SVATS) surgery for major lung resections is a new approach, but clinical evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to examine our experience with the use of the uniportal subxiphoid approach in video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) major lung resections and lymph node dissections. METHODS: From October 2014 to August 2015, 153 patients with early-stage non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and benign disease underwent uniportal subxiphoid VATS major lung resections...
July 11, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
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