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Francislaine Aparecida Lívero, Jacqueline Vergutz Menetrier, Emerson Luiz Botelho Lourenço, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior
Heart failure, hypertension, cirrhosis and nephritic syndrome are among conditions that alter volume and composition of body fluids and are modulated by diuretics. Natural products are important source of diuretics and have been considered remarkable alternative with greater effectiveness and fewer side effects. However, many of these plants used in traditional medicine must be scientifically assessed about their efficacy and toxicity. Despite the large number of published articles claiming that plants or plant-derived components may act as diuretic agents, few studies have addressed the mechanism of action of medicinal plants...
October 14, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Sanjeev K Singh, Shripad B Deshpande
OBJECTIVE: Intra-arterial injection of Mesobuthus tamulus (BT) venom produces reflex vasosensory responses modulating cardiorespiratory parameters in albino rats. The present study was conducted to understand the role of kinin receptors in modulating vasosensory reflexes evoked by BT venom. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In urethane-anesthetized rats, tracheostomy was performed to keep the airway patent. The femoral artery was cannulated proximally, as well as distally, to record the blood pressure (BP) and to inject the chemicals, respectively...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Zhanna Kobalava
The burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in general and heart failure (HF) in particular continues to increase worldwide. CVD are major contributors to death and morbidity and recognized as important drivers of healthcare expenditure. Chronic overactivity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a key role in human hypertension and HF pathophysiology. RAAS is fundamental in the overall regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis through the actions of hormones, which regulate vascular tone, and specifically blood pressure through vasoconstriction and renal sodium and water retention...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Nikele Nadur-Andrade, Camila Squarzoni Dale, Victoria Regina da Silva Oliveira, Elaine Flamia Toniolo, Regiane Dos Santos Feliciano, José Antonio da Silva, Stella Regina Zamuner
BACKGROUND: Envenoming induced by Bothrops snakebites is characterized by drastic local tissue damage that involves an intense inflammatory reaction and local hyperalgesia which are not neutralized by conventional antivenom treatment. Herein, the effectiveness of photobiomodulation to reduce inflammatory hyperalgesia induced by Bothrops moojeni venom (Bmv), as well as the mechanisms involved was investigated. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Bmv (1 μg) was injected through the intraplantar route in the right hind paw of mice...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Puebla Cassini-Vieira, Mariane Felipetto, Leandro Barbosa Prado, Thiago Verano-Braga, Silvia Passos Andrade, Robson A S Santos, Mauro Martins Teixeira, Maria Elena de Lima, Adriano M C Pimenta, Luciola Silva Barcelos
We have previously described a 25mer anti-hypertensive peptide, previously named TsHpt-I (Tityus serrulatus Hypotensin-I), now Ts14, as an agonist of B2 kinin receptor. Bradykinin is known to play physiological roles in angiogenic, inflammatory, and fibrogenic processes, mostly mediated by B2 receptor. Therefore, we investigated whether Ts14 could modulate key events (neovascularization, inflammatory cell recruitment, and extracellular matrix deposition) of the fibrovascular tissue, induced by polyether-polyurethane sponge implants in mice...
October 9, 2016: Peptides
Anna Niewiarowska-Sendo, Andrzej Kozik, Ibeth Guevara-Lora
Kinin peptides ubiquitously occur in nervous tissue and participate in inflammatory processes associated with distinct neurological disorders. These substances have also been demonstrated to promote the oxidative stress. On the other hand, the importance of oxidative stress and inflammation has been emphasized in disorders that involve the neurodegenerative processes such as Parkinson's disease (PD). A growing number of reports have demonstrated the increased expression of kinin receptors in neurodegenerative diseases...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Lourdes Dias, Mariana A P Rodrigues, Bruna R Inoue, Renata L Rodrigues, André L Rennó, Valéria B de Souza, Frank D Torres-Huaco, Norma C Sousa, Alessandra Stroka, Anibal R Melgarejo, Stephen Hyslop
In this work, we examined some mechanisms involved in the hypotension caused by Lachesis muta (South American bushmaster) venom in anesthetized rats. Venom (1.5 mg/kg, i.v.) caused immediate hypotension that was maximal after 5 min and gradually returned to baseline over 60 min. Pretreatment of rats with the non-selective nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor N(ω)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) did not attenuate the early phase of venom-induced hypotension, but abolished the recovery phase and resulted in rapid death; a similar effect was observed with the soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) inhibitor ODQ...
October 5, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Rémi Baroso, Pauline Sellier, Federica Defendi, Delphine Charignon, Arije Ghannam, Mohammed Habib, Christian Drouet, Bertrand Favier
BACKGROUND: Angioedema without wheals (AE) is a symptom characterised by localised episodes of oedema presumably caused by kinin release from kininogen cleavage. It can result from a hereditary deficiency in C1 Inhibitor (C1Inh), but it can present with normal level of C1Inh. These forms are typically difficult to diagnose although enhanced kinin production is suspected or demonstrated in some cases. OBJECTIVES: We wanted to investigate bradykinin overproduction in all AE condition with normal C1Inh, excluding cases with enhanced kinin catabolism, and to propose this parameter as a disease biomarker...
2016: PloS One
Laura Andrade Rocha, Carlos Eli Piccinato, Mauricio Serra Ribiero, Christiane Becari, Renata Dellalibera Joviliano, Edwaldo Edner Joviliano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the roles of the kallikrein-kinin system and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the development of arterial restenosis attributable to intimal hyperplasia in the femoropopliteal arteries. METHODS: This report describes a single-center prospective study of 27 patients with peripheral artery disease who required percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting of the femoropopliteal segment using covered stent grafts...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Zhanna Kobalava
The burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in general and heart failure (HF) in particular continues to increase worldwide. CVD are major contributors to death and morbidity and recognized as important drivers of healthcare expenditure. Chronic overactivity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a key role in human hypertension and HF pathophysiology. RAAS is fundamental in the overall regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis through the actions of hormones, which regulate vascular tone, and specifically blood pressure through vasoconstriction and renal sodium and water retention...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Dorinne Desposito, Ludovic Waeckel, Louis Potier, Christine Richer, Ronan Roussel, Nadine Bouby, Francois Alhenc-Gelas
Genetic and pharmacological studies, clinical and experimental, focused on kallikrein-K1, kinin receptors and ACE/kininase II suggest that kinin release in the settings of ischemia or diabetes reduces organ damage, especially in the heart and kidney. Kinin bioavailability may be a limiting factor for efficacy of current kinin-potentiating drugs, like ACE inhibitors. Primary activation of kinin receptors by prototypic pharmacological agonists, peptidase-resistant, selective B1 or B2, displays therapeutic efficacy in experimental cardiac and peripheral ischemic and diabetic diseases...
September 13, 2016: Biological Chemistry
Mark T Bolinger, David A Antonetti
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working age adults, and is projected to be a significant future health concern due to the rising incidence of diabetes. The recent advent of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibodies has revolutionized the treatment of diabetic retinopathy but a significant subset of patients fail to respond to treatment. Accumulating evidence indicates that inflammatory cytokines and chemokines other than VEGF may contribute to the disease process. The current review examines the presence of non-VEGF cytokines in the eyes of patients with diabetic retinopathy and highlights mechanistic pathways in relevant animal models...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yan Zhang, Liang Wang, Jin-Xin Liu, Xin-Luan Wang, Qi Shi, Yong-Jun Wang
AIMS: This study was aimed to investigate the involvement of skeletal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) in bone deteriorations of mice in response to the combination treatment of estrogen deficiency and hyperglycemia. METHODS: The female C57BL/6J mice were sham-operated or ovariectomized with vehicle or streptozotocin (STZ) treatment. Two weeks later, the biochemistries in serum and urine were determined by standard colorimetric methods or ELISA...
November 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Márcia Renata Mortari, Alexandra Olimpio Siqueira Cunha, Ruither Oliveira Gomes Carolino, Juliana de Castro E Silva, Norberto Peporine Lopes, Wagner Ferreira Dos Santos
CONTEXT: Thr(6)-bradykinin is a peptide found in the venom of social and solitary wasps. This kinin, along with other bradykinin-like peptides, is known to cause irreversible paralysis in insects by presynaptic blockade of cholinergic transmission. However, this activity has never been tested in mammals. OBJECTIVE: As such, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of Thr(6)-bradykinin on the cholinergic system of rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The peptide was isolated from the venom of the Neotropical social wasp Polybia occidentalis Olivier (Vespidae)...
August 26, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Wenjuan Liu, Yeping Yang, Yemei Liu, Xiaolan Lu, Shizhe Guo, Meng Wu, Meng Wang, Linling Yan, Qinghua Wang, Xiaolong Zhao, Xian Tong, Ji Hu, Yiming Li, Renming Hu, Robert C Stanton, Zhaoyun Zhang
The kallikrein-kinin system has been shown to be involved in the development of diabetic nephropathy, but specific mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we determined the renal-protective role of exogenous pancreatic kallikrein in diabetic mice and studied potential mechanisms in db/db type 2 diabetic and streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic mice. After the onset of diabetes, mice were treated with either pancreatic kallikrein (db/db+kallikrein, streptozotocin+kallikrein) or saline (db/db+saline, streptozotocin+saline) for 16 weeks, while another group of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice received the same treatment after onset of albuminuria (streptozotocin'+kallikrein, streptozotocin'+saline)...
November 2016: Kidney International
Duncan J Campbell
The kallikrein kinin system has cardioprotective actions and mediates in part the cardioprotection produced by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin type 1 receptor blockers. Additional approaches to exploit the cardioprotective effects of the kallikrein kinin system include the administration of tissue kallikrein and kinin receptor agonists. The renin inhibitor aliskiren was recently shown to increase cardiac tissue kallikrein expression and bradykinin levels, and to reduce myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury by bradykinin B2 receptor- and angiotensin AT2 receptor-mediated mechanisms...
August 17, 2016: Biological Chemistry
Micheli M Pillat, Claudiana Lameu, Cleber A Trujillo, Talita Glaser, Angélica R Cappellari, Priscilla D Negraes, Ana M O Battastini, Telma T Schwindt, Alysson R Muotri, Henning Ulrich
During brain development, cells proliferate, migrate and differentiate in highly accurate patterns. In this context, published results indicate that bradykinin functions in neural fate determination, favoring neurogenesis and migration. However, mechanisms underlying bradykinin function are yet to be explored. Our findings indicate a previously unidentified role for bradykinin action in inducing neuron-generating division in vitro and in vivo, given that bradykinin lengthened the G1-phase of the neural progenitor cells (NPC) cycle and increased TIS21 (also known as PC3 and BTG2) expression in hippocampus from newborn mice...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
Gavin S Tan, Ning Cheung, Rafael Simó, Gemmy C M Cheung, Tien Yin Wong
Diabetic macular oedema, characterised by exudative fluid accumulation in the macula, is the most common form of sight-threatening retinopathy in people with diabetes. It affects one in 15 people with diabetes resulting in more than 20 million cases worldwide. Few epidemiological studies have been done to specifically investigate risk factors for diabetic macular oedema, although poor glycaemic and blood pressure control are associated with the presence and development of the disorder. The pathophysiological processes begin with chronic hyperglycaemia, and interplay between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inflammatory mediators...
August 2, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Ibeth Guevara-Lora, Anna Niewiarowska-Sendo, Agnieszka Polit, Andrzej Kozik
The G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), one of the largest protein families, are essential components of the most commonly used signal-transduction systems in cells. These receptors, often using common pathways, may cooperate in the regulation of signal transmission to the cell nucleus. Recent scientific interests increasingly focus on the cooperation between these receptors, particularly in a context of their oligomerization, e.g. the formation of dimers that are able to change characteristic signaling of each receptor...
2016: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Justyna Karkowska-Kuleta, Dorota Zajac, Grazyna Bras, Oliwia Bochenska, Karolina Seweryn, Sylwia Kedracka-Krok, Urszula Jankowska, Maria Rapala-Kozik, Andrzej Kozik
Candida tropicalis is one of the most frequent causes of serious disseminated candidiasis in human patients infected by non-albicans Candida species, but still relatively little is known about its virulence mechanisms. In our current study, the interactions between the cell surface of this species and a multifunctional human protein - high-molecular-mass kininogen (HK), an important component of the plasma contact system involved in the development of the inflammatory state - were characterized at the molecular level...
2016: Acta Biochimica Polonica
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