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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910792/inflammation-a-key-contributor-to-the-genesis-and-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Qi Qian
It has become apparent that inflammation and inflammatory reactions can evoke renal injury and promote chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. Under physiological condition, intrarenal vascular distribution is heterogeneous, and medulla is hypoxic. To avoid energy deprivation in the low pO2 regions of the kidney, an array of hormones, autocoids, and vasoactive substances, including medullipin, prostaglandins, endothelins, nitric oxide, angiotensin II, kinins, and adenosine, tonically regulates the microvasculature to ensure a perfect match of the microcirculation (O2 supply) and renal tubules (O2 demand)...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860991/antithrombotic-potential-of-tormentil-extract-in-animal-models
#2
Natalia Marcinczyk, Dominika Jarmoc, Agnieszka Leszczynska, Agnieszka Zakrzeska, Karol Kramkowski, Jakub Strawa, Anna Gromotowicz-Poplawska, Ewa Chabielska, Michal Tomczyk
Potentilla species that have been investigated so far display pharmacological activity mainly due to the presence of polyphenols. Recently, it was shown that polyphenol-rich extract from rhizome of Potentilla erecta (tormentil extract) affects the metabolism of arachidonic acid and exerts both anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities, suggesting a possible effect on thrombosis. Accordingly, the aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of tormentil extract on haemostasis in a rat model of thrombosis...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854705/whole-genome-sequencing-study-of-serum-peptide-levels-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#3
Paul S de Vries, Bing Yu, Elena V Feofanova, Ginger A Metcalf, Michael R Brown, Atefeh L Zeighami, Xiaoming Liu, Donna M Muzny, Richard A Gibbs, Eric Boerwinkle, Alanna C Morrison
Oligopeptides are important markers of protein metabolism, as they are cleaved from larger polypeptides and proteins. Genetic association studies may help elucidate their origin and function. In 1,552 European Americans and 1,872 African Americans of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study, we performed whole-genome and whole-exome sequencing and measured serum levels of 25 peptides. Common variants (minor allele frequency > 5%) were analysed individually. We grouped low-frequency variants (minor allele frequency ≤ 5%) by a genome-wide sliding window using region-based aggregate tests...
September 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842604/neuroprotective-effect-of-kinin-b1-receptor-activation-in-acute-cerebral-ischemia-in-diabetic-mice
#4
Dorinne Desposito, Georges Zadigue, Christopher Taveau, Clovis Adam, François Alhenc-Gelas, Nadine Bouby, Ronan Roussel
Activation of the kallikrein-kinin system enhances cardiac and renal tolerance to ischemia. Here we investigated the effects of selective agonists of kinin B1 or B2 receptor (R) in brain ischemia-reperfusion in diabetic and non-diabetic mice. The role of endogenous kinins was assessed in tissue kallikrein deficient mice (TK(-/-)). Mice underwent 60min-middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), eight weeks after type 1-diabetes induction. Treatment with B1R-, B2R-agonist or saline was started at reperfusion. Neurological deficit (ND), infarct size (IS), brain water content (BWC) were measured at day 0, 1 and 2 after injury...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826826/the-relevance-of-kalikrein-kinin-system-via-activation-of-b2-receptor-in-lps-induced-fever-in-rats
#5
Denis de Melo Soares, Danielle R Santos, Christoph Rummel, Daniela Ott, Míriam C C Melo, Joachim Roth, João B Calixto, Glória E P Souza
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the involvement of endogenous kallikrein-kinin system and the bradykinin (BK) B1 and B2 receptors on LPS- induced fever and the POA cells involved in this response. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats received either i.v. (1 mg/kg), i.c.v. (20 nmol) or i.h. (2 nmol) injections of icatibant (B2 receptor antagonist) 30 or 60 min, respectively, before the stimuli. DALBK (B1 receptor antagonist) was given either 15min before BK (i...
August 19, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824610/mast-cell-coupling-to-the-kallikrein-kinin-system-fuels-intracardiac-parasitism-and-worsens-heart-pathology-in-experimental-chagas-disease
#6
Clarissa R Nascimento, Daniele Andrade, Carla Eponina Carvalho-Pinto, Rafaela Rangel Serra, Lucas Vellasco, Guilherme Brasil, Erivan Schnaider Ramos-Junior, Julia Barbalho da Mota, Larissa Nogueira Almeida, Marcus V Andrade, Maria de Nazaré Correia Soeiro, Luiz Juliano, Patrícia Hessab Alvarenga, Ana Carolina Oliveira, Fernando Lencastre Sicuro, Antônio C Campos de Carvalho, Erik Svensjö, Julio Scharfstein
During the course of Chagas disease, infectious forms of Trypanosoma cruzi are occasionally liberated from parasitized heart cells. Studies performed with tissue culture trypomastigotes (TCTs, Dm28c strain) demonstrated that these parasites evoke neutrophil/CXCR2-dependent microvascular leakage by activating innate sentinel cells via toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2). Upon plasma extravasation, proteolytically derived kinins and C5a stimulate immunoprotective Th1 responses via cross-talk between bradykinin B2 receptors (B2Rs) and C5aR...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824433/kininase-1-as-a-preclinical-therapeutic-target-for-kinin-b1-receptor-in-insulin-resistance
#7
Youssef Haddad, Réjean Couture
Kinin B1 receptor (B1R) contributes to insulin resistance, an early event in type 2 diabetes, through the upregulation and activation of the inducible form of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), pro-inflammatory cytokines and the oxidative stress. This study addresses the hypothesis that inhibition of kininase 1 (carboxypeptidase M, CPM), the key enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of B1R agonists, could exert the same beneficial effects to B1R antagonism in insulin resistance. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were made insulin resistant with a drinking solution containing 10% D-glucose for a period of 9 weeks...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820397/long-term-feeding-with-bioactive-tripeptides-in-aged-hypertensive-and-normotensive-rats-special-focus-on-blood-pressure-and-bradykinin-induced-vascular-reactivity
#8
A Siltari, J Roivanen, R Korpela, H Vapaatalo
Bradykinin is the main player of the kallikrein-kinin system. Bradykinin-induced vasodilatation is age-dependent; this is believed to be associated with the level of expression of the two bradykinin receptors (BR1 and BR2) in the vasculature. The aim of this study was to clarify bradykinin-induced vascular reactivity of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) after 6 weeks' consumption of a drink containing bioactive tripeptides (Ile-Pro-Pro, Val-Pro-Pro and Leu-Pro-Pro)...
June 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816340/coagulation-factor-xii-regulates-inflammatory-responses-in-human-lungs
#9
Rosanna Hess, Lukasz Wujak, Christina Hesse, Katherina Sewald, Danny Jonigk, Gregor Warnecke, Hans-Gerd Fieguth, Steven de Maat, Coen Maas, Francesco Bonella, Klaus T Preissner, Benjamin Weiss, Liliana Schaefer, Wolfgang M Kuebler, Philipp Markart, Malgorzata Wygrecka
Increased procoagulant activity in the alveolar compartment and uncontrolled inflammation are hallmarks of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Here, we investigated whether the contact phase system of coagulation is activated and may regulate inflammatory responses in human lungs. Components of the contact phase system were characterized in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) from 54 ARDS patients and 43 controls, and their impact on cytokine/chemokine expression in human precision cut lung slices (PCLS) was assessed by a PCR array...
August 17, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808141/a-critical-role-for-plasma-kallikrein-in-the-pathogenesis-of-autoantibody-induced-arthritis
#10
Aizhen Yang, Junsong Zhou, Bo Wang, Jihong Dai, Robert W Colman, Wenchao Song, Yi Wu
The plasma kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) consists of serine proteases, prekallikrein (pKal) and factor XII (FXII), and a cofactor, high-MW kininogen (HK). Upon activation, activated pKal and FXII cleave HK to release bradykinin. Activation of this system has been noted in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and its pathogenic role has been characterized in animal arthritic models. In this study, we generated 2 knockout mouse strains that lacked pKal and HK and determined the role of KKS in autoantibody-induced arthritis...
August 14, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797641/b2-kinin-receptors-in-the-dorsal-periaqueductal-gray-are-implicated-in-the-panicolytic-like-effect-of-opiorphin
#11
Caio César Sestile, Jhonatan Christian Maraschin, Marcel Pereira Rangel, Rosangela Getirana Santana, Hélio Zangrossi, Frederico Guilherme Graeff, Elisabeth Aparecida Audi
Reported results have shown that the pentapeptide opiorphin inhibits oligopeptidases that degrade brain neuropeptides, and has analgesic and antidepressant effects in experimental animals, without either tolerance or dependency after chronic administration. In a previous study we showed that opiorphin has a panicolytic-like effect in the dorsal periaqueductal gray (dPAG) electrical stimulation test (EST), mediated by the μ-opioid receptor (MOR). This study further analyzes the mechanism of opiorphin panicolytic action, using the EST and drug injection inside the dPAG...
August 7, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791569/pediatric-angioedema
#12
REVIEW
Debendra Pattanaik, Jay Adam Lieberman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aims of this study are to update the clinician on current understanding of angioedema as it presents in the pediatric population and to review proper diagnostic techniques and treatment modalities for various types of angioedema. RECENT FINDINGS: Angioedema is still best classified by whether it is likely histaminergic or kinin-mediated. New guidelines have been published around the world to help diagnose and treat both forms (urticaria/angioedema and hereditary angioedema)...
August 8, 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772209/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-raas-the-ubiquitous-system-for-homeostasis-and-pathologies
#13
Seema Patel, Abdur Rauf, Haroon Khan, Tareq Abu-Izneid
Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is a vital system of human body, as it maintains plasma sodium concentration, arterial blood pressure and extracellular volume. Kidney-secreted renin enzyme acts on its substrate to form angiotensin II, a versatile effector peptide hormone. Every organ is affected by RAAS activation and the resultant hypertension, cell proliferation, inflammation, and fibrosis. The imbalance of renin and angiotensin II can result in an overwhelming number of chronic and acute diseases...
October 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745506/structure-dependent-hematological-effects-of-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-on-activation-of-plasma-kallikrein-kinin-system-cascade
#14
Qian S Liu, Yuzhen Sun, Guangbo Qu, Yanmin Long, Xingchen Zhao, Aiqian Zhang, Qunfang Zhou, Ligang Hu, Guibin Jiang
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are a global concern because of their ubiquitous occurrence and high persistence in human blood, and increasing amounts of unidentified fluorinated compounds are now becoming new exposure issues. This study aims to investigate the structure-related effects of PFASs on the activation of the plasma kallikrein-kinin system (KKS). The effects of 20 PFASs and the related long-chain aliphatic compounds were screened, and their binding affinities for the initial zymogen, Hagmen factor XII (FXII) in the KKS, were evaluated by molecular docking analysis...
August 15, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744223/modulation-of-the-plasma-kallikrein-kinin-system-proteins-performed-by-heparan-sulfate-proteoglycans
#15
REVIEW
Guacyara Motta, Ivarne L S Tersariol
Human plasma kallikrein-kinin system proteins are related to inflammation through bradykinin. In the proximity of its target cells, high molecular weight kininogen (H-kininogen) is the substrate of plasma kallikrein, which releases bradykinin from H-kininogen. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) play a critical role in either recruiting kinin precursors from the plasma, or in the assembly of kallikrein-kinin system components on the cell surface. Furthermore, HSPGs mediate the endocytosis and activation of H-kininogen and plasma prekallikrein...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710089/endothelium-neutrophil-communication-via-b1-kinin-receptor-bearing-microvesicles-in-vasculitis
#16
EDITORIAL
Pierre-Louis Tharaux, Neeraj Dhaun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700653/plasma-bradykinin-and-early-diabetic-nephropathy-lesions-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Kevin M Wheelock, Jian Cai, Helen C Looker, Michael L Merchant, Robert G Nelson, Gudeta D Fufaa, E Jennifer Weil, Harold I Feldman, Ramachandran S Vasan, Paul L Kimmel, Brad H Rovin, Michael Mauer, Jon B Klein
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of bradykinin and related peptides with the development of diabetic nephropathy lesions in 243 participants with type 1 diabetes (T1D) from the Renin-Angiotensin System Study who, at baseline, were normoalbuminuric, normotensive and had normal or increased glomerular filtration rate (GFR). DESIGN: Plasma concentrations of bradykinin and related peptides were measured at baseline by quantitative mass spectrometry. All participants were randomly assigned at baseline to receive placebo, enalapril or losartan during the 5 years between kidney biopsies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699813/prolylcarboxypeptidase-prcp-inhibitors-and-the-therapeutic-uses-thereof-a-patent-review
#18
Thomas H Graham
Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PrCP) is a serine protease that produces or degrades signaling proteins in several important pathways including the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) and pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) system. PrCP has the potential to be a therapeutic target for cardiovascular, inflammatory and metabolic diseases. Numerous classes of PrCP inhibitors have been developed by rational drug design and from high-throughput screening hits. These inhibitors have been tested in mouse models to assess their potential as new therapeutics...
July 12, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690145/salivary-gland-transcripts-of-the-kissing-bug-panstrongylus-chinai-a-vector-of-chagas-disease
#19
Hirotomo Kato, Ryan C Jochim, Eduardo A Gomez, Shunsuke Tsunekawa, Jesus G Valenzuela, Yoshihisa Hashiguchi
The saliva of hematophagous arthropods injected during blood feeding contains potent pharmacologically active components to counteract the host hemostatic and inflammatory systems. In the present study, dominant salivary gland transcripts of Panstrongylus chinai, a vector of Chagas disease, were analyzed by sequencing randomly selected clones of the salivary gland cDNA library. This analysis showed that 56.5% of the isolated transcripts coded for putative secreted proteins, of which 73.7% coded for proteins belonging to the lipocalin family...
July 6, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685545/decreased-plasma-kallikrein-5-concentrations-in-patients-with-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria
#20
A Grzanka, A Damasiewicz-Bodzek, M Szumska, A Kasperska-Zajac
Little is known about the role of the kallikrein-kinin system in chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). Kallikrein 5 (KLK5), a trypsin-like enzyme, is the most abundant in the skin and plays a role in itching and inflammatory reaction. In this study, we determined plasma KLK5 concentration, and its associations with acute phase response in CSU patients. Concentrations of KLK5 in plasma and CRP in serum were measured in patients with CSU of varying severity and in the healthy subjects. Plasma KLK5 concentrations were significantly lower in CSU (all) and moderate-severe CSU patients, as compared with the controls...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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