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Stroke physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644548/repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-stimulation-for-activities-of-daily-living-and-functional-ability-in-people-after-stroke
#1
REVIEW
Ryo Momosaki, Naoki Yamada, Erika Ota, Masahiro Abo
BACKGROUND: Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) is a form of therapy that creates painless stimulation of deep muscle structures to improve motor function in people with physical impairment from brain or nerve disorders. Use of rPMS for people after stroke has been identified as a feasible approach to improve activities of daily living and functional ability. However, no systematic reviews have assessed the findings of available trials. The effect and safety of this intervention for people after stroke currently remain uncertain...
June 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642466/cognitive-and-motor-dual-task-gait-training-improve-dual-task-gait-performance-after-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#2
Yan-Ci Liu, Yea-Ru Yang, Yun-An Tsai, Ray-Yau Wang
This study investigated effects of cognitive and motor dual task gait training on dual task gait performance in stroke. Participants (n = 28) were randomly assigned to cognitive dual task gait training (CDTT), motor dual task gait training (MDTT), or conventional physical therapy (CPT) group. Participants in CDTT or MDTT group practiced the cognitive or motor tasks respectively during walking. Participants in CPT group received strengthening, balance, and gait training. The intervention was 30 min/session, 3 sessions/week for 4 weeks...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638025/-music-therapy-as-an-effective-method-of-neurorehabilitation
#3
E Z Yakupov, A V Nalbat, M V Semenova, K A Tlegenova
AIM: To assess the role of music therapy in the recovery of motor, speech and autonomic functions in patients with ischemic stroke (II). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with II in the middle cerebral artery were examined. The patients were randomized into three groups (main, comparison and control) of 15 individuals each. With patients of the first and the second groups on the 3rd, 5th, 7th and 9th days of the rehabilitation period the special set of exercises with music and without that respectively was fulfilled...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628597/integrating-health-promotion-into-physical-therapy-practice-to-improve-brain-health-and-prevent-alzheimer-disease
#4
Ellen McGough, Neva Kirk-Sanchez, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease is the most common cause of dementia, and brain pathology appears years before symptoms are evident. Primary prevention through health promotion can incorporate lifestyle improvement across the lifespan. Risk factor assessment and identifying markers of disease might also trigger preventive measures needed for high-risk individuals and groups. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Many potential risk factors are modifiable through exercise, and may be responsive to early intervention strategies to reduce the downward slope toward disability...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628594/telehealth-wearable-sensors-and-the-internet-will-they-improve-stroke-outcomes-through-increased-intensity-of-therapy-motivation-and-adherence-to-rehabilitation-programs
#5
Jane H Burridge, Alan Chong W Lee, Ruth Turk, Maria Stokes, Jill Whitall, Ravi Vaidyanathan, Phil Clatworthy, Ann-Marie Hughes, Claire Meagher, Enrico Franco, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke, predominantly a condition of older age, is a major cause of acquired disability in the global population and puts an increasing burden on health care resources. Clear evidence for the importance of intensity of therapy in optimizing functional outcomes is found in animal models, supported by neuroimaging and behavioral research, and strengthened by recent meta-analyses from multiple clinical trials. However, providing intensive therapy using conventional treatment paradigms is expensive and sometimes not feasible because of social and environmental factors...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626306/effects-of-task-oriented-circuit-training-on-balance-and-gait-ability-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kyoung Kim, Sang In Jung, Dong Kyu Lee
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the task-oriented circuit training on balance and gait ability in subacute patients with stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Participants were randomly allocated to two groups: group 1 (subjects who performed task-oriented circuit training) and group 2 (subjects who underwent conventional physical therapy). Berg balance scale, timed up and go test, functional ambulation category, 6-minute walk test were assessed before and after four weeks of training...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606661/effects-of-virtual-reality-training-using-xbox-kinect-on-motor-function-in-stroke-survivors-a-preliminary-study
#7
Dae-Sung Park, Do-Gyun Lee, Kyeongbong Lee, GyuChang Lee
BACKGROUND: Although the Kinect gaming system (Microsoft Corp, Redmond, WA) has been shown to be of therapeutic benefit in rehabilitation, the applicability of Kinect-based virtual reality (VR) training to improve motor function following a stroke has not been investigated. This study aimed to investigate the effects of VR training, using the Xbox Kinect-based game system, on the motor recovery of patients with chronic hemiplegic stroke. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603380/improved-functional-independence-measure-facilitates-return-to-home-after-paralyzed-upper-limb-training-a-case-report
#8
Kuniaki Nagai, Fumiaki Yamaguchi
[Purpose] We report a case in which rehabilitation that targeted the paralyzed side's upper limb in a hemiplegic stroke patient remarkably accelerated the patient's ability to perform activities of daily living, improved her Functional Independence Measure score, and facilitated the patient's return to home. [Subject and Methods] We provided rehabilitation training to a female patient who experienced a cerebral infarction at a nursing home for the elderly and was admitted to the Kaifukuki recovery phase rehabilitation ward in order to improve her activities of daily living and return home...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603359/exercising-daily-living-activities-in-robot-mediated-therapy
#9
Orsolya Peter, Ibolya Tavaszi, Andras Toth, Gabor Fazekas
[Purpose] Investigation of the efficacy of robot-mediated therapy of the upper limb in patients with chronic stroke, in task-oriented training activities of daily living in real environment. [Subjects and Methods] 20 patients, each more than one year post-stroke (13-71 months) received 20 sessions of upper limb robot-mediated therapy. No other treatment was given. Each therapy session consisted of a passive motion and an active task therapy. During the active therapy, subjects exercised 5 activities of daily living...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603356/effects-of-phase-proprioceptive-training-on-balance-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#10
Seung Hun Chae, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the effect of phase proprioceptive training on balance in patients with chronic stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Participants included 30 patients with stroke who were randomly assigned to the proprioceptive training group (n=15) or control group (n=15). Participants in the proprioceptive training group underwent proprioceptive training and received general physical therapy each for a total of 20 thirty-minute sessions, five times per week, during a period of four weeks; the control group received general physical therapy for a total of 20 sixty-minute sessions, five times per week, during a period of four weeks...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581689/the-physical-deterioration-of-dialysis-patients-ignored-ill-reported-and-ill-treated
#11
EDITORIAL
Paul N Bennett, Nicole Capdarest-Arest, Kristen Parker
The progressive physical deterioration of dialysis patients is apparent to all who are involved in their care. Exercise can help stem this decline, yet exercise uptake in chronic and end-stage kidney disease is low. The involvement of exercise professionals has been shown to significantly increase patients' physical function and improve their quality of life. However, exercise professionals are scarce in renal programs, far less than dietetic and social work services. A review of 10 years of renal exercise publications in the physical therapy and rehabilitation literature found that only 0...
June 5, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572764/the-effects-of-modified-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-in-acute-subcortical-cerebral-infarction
#12
Changshen Yu, Wanjun Wang, Yue Zhang, Yizhao Wang, Weijia Hou, Shoufeng Liu, Chunlin Gao, Chen Wang, Lidong Mo, Jialing Wu
Background: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) promotes upper extremity recovery post stroke, however, it is difficult to implement clinically due to its high resource demand and safety of the restraint. Therefore, we propose that modified CIMT (mCIMT) be used to treat individuals with acute subcortical infarction. Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of mCIMT in patients with acute subcortical infarction, and investigate the possible mechanisms underlying the effect. Methods: The role of mCIMT was investigated in 26 individuals experiencing subcortical infarction in the preceding 14 days...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542112/effects-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-on-gait-performance-in-poststroke-patients-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Tsubasa Mitsutake, Maiko Sakamoto, Kozo Ueta, Shinichiro Oka, Etsuo Horikawa
The effects of vestibular rehabilitation on poststroke patients are unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether or not vestibular rehabilitation would improve both the vestibulo-ocular reflex and gait performance of patients with poststroke hemiparesis. Twenty-eight patients with stroke were assigned randomly to either an experimental group (N=14) or a control group (N=14). The experimental group performed the conventional physical therapy for 40 min and vestibular rehabilitation for 20 min, as a 60 min session, during the first 3 weeks and then completed only the conventional intervention for 60 min for the following 3 weeks...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534706/analyses-of-thrombi-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-consensus-statement-on-current-knowledge-and-future-directions
#14
Simon F De Meyer, Tommy Andersson, Blaise Baxter, Martin Bendszus, Patrick Brouwer, Waleed Brinjikji, Bruce Cv Campbell, Vincent Costalat, Antoni Dávalos, Andrew Demchuk, Diederik Dippel, Jens Fiehler, Urs Fischer, Michael Gilvarry, Matthew J Gounis, Jan Gralla, Olav Jansen, Tudor Jovin, David Kallmes, Pooja Khatri, Kennedy R Lees, Elena López-Cancio, Charles Majoie, Henk Marquering, Ana Paula Narata, Raul Nogueira, Peter Ringleb, Adnan Siddiqui, István Szikora, David Vale, Rüdiger von Kummer, Albert J Yoo, Werner Hacke, David S Liebeskind
Limited data exist on clot composition and detailed characteristics of arterial thrombi associated with large vessel occlusion in acute ischemic stroke. Advances in endovascular thrombectomy and related imaging modalities have created a unique opportunity to analyze thrombi removed from cerebral arteries. Insights into thrombus composition, etiology, physical properties and neurovascular interactions may lead to future advancements in acute ischemic stroke treatment and improved clinical outcomes. Advances in imaging techniques may enhance clot characterization and inform therapeutic decision-making prior to treatment and reveal stroke etiology to guide secondary prevention...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533593/effects-of-repeated-vibratory-stimulation-of-wrist-and-elbow-flexors-on-hand-dexterity-strength-and-sensory-function-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#15
Won-Ho Choi
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of repeated vibratory stimulation to muscles related to hand functions on dexterity, strength, and sensory function in patients with chronic stroke. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 10 stroke patients with hemiplegia participated in this study. They were divided into two groups: a) Experimental and b) Control, with five randomly selected subjects for each group. The experimental group received vibratory stimulation, while the control group received the traditional physical therapy...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532871/stabilometric-analysis-of-the-effect-of-postural-insoles-on-static-balance-in-patients-with-hemiparesis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Luiz Alfredo Braun Ferreira, Manuela Galli, Roberta Delasta Lazzari, Arislander Jonathan Lopes Dumont, Verônica Cimolin, Claudia Santos Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the main causes of disability among adults. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of postural insoles on static balance in individuals with stroke. METHODS: Twenty-four strokes survivors with hemiparesis were recruited from the rehabilitation clinics of the university and randomly allocated to two groups: experimental and control group. The subjects were analyzed for stabilometry, immediately following insole placement and after three months of insole usage, with eyes open and eyes closed...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527504/telehealth-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Adam S Tenforde, Jaye E Hefner, Jodi E Kodish-Wachs, Mary A Iaccarino, Sabrina Paganoni
Telehealth refers to health care interactions that leverage telecommunication devices to provide medical care outside the traditional face-to-face, in-person medical encounter. Technology advances and research have expanded use of telehealth in health care delivery. Physical medicine and rehabilitation providers may use telehealth to deliver care to populations with neurologic and musculoskeletal conditions, commonly treated in both acute care and outpatient settings. Patients with impaired mobility and those living in locations with reduced access to care may particularly benefit...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521579/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-post-stroke-fatigue-and-sleep-disturbance-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-with-blind-assessment
#18
Sylvia Nguyen, Dana Wong, Adam McKay, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Gershon Spitz, Gavin Williams, Darren Mansfield, Jennie L Ponsford
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of individual cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for post-stroke fatigue and sleep disturbance compared to treatment as usual (TAU). In a parallel two-group pilot randomised controlled trial of 15 participants, nine were allocated to eight weekly sessions of adapted CBT and six continued usual care rehabilitation. The primary outcome was the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS-7) at two and four months from baseline. Secondary outcomes included measures of sleep, mood and quality of life...
May 19, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503386/mechanical-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-after-cardiac-surgery
#19
Ali S Haider, Prabhat Garg, Ian T Watson, Dean Leonard, Umair Khan, Ahmed Haque, Phu Nguyen, Kennith F Layton
Ischemic stroke is a rare yet devastating complication that may occur following cardiothoracic surgery. Fibrinolytic treatment is contraindicated due to elevated risk for hemorrhage. Mechanical thrombectomy entails a catheterized approach wherein the thrombus is physically removed from the vessel without the use of fibrinolytics, minimizing the possibility of intracranial hemorrhage. Here, we present two original cases of mechanical thrombectomy as treatment for patients experiencing emergent large vessel occlusion following cardiothoracic surgery...
April 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498508/stroke-in-women-risk-factors-and-clinical-biomarkers
#20
Hamed Mirzaei
Stroke has been emerged as one of major health problems for women worldwide. Increasing of knowledge in this field provided new data in this area which contribute to finding of new risk factors and could improve stroke treatment. A large number studies indicated a variety of risk factors including sex, age, race, smoking, diabetes, and physical inactivity could be involved in stroke in women. The understanding of various aspects involved in women stroke including risk factors, outcomes, stroke recovery, and prevention could provide new therapeutic platforms which could likely lead to better treatment in women stroke...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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