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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804785/fear-of-birth-in-clinical-practice-a-structured-review-of-current-measurement-tools
#1
Yana Richens, Debbie M Smith, Dame Tina Lavender
To identify measurement tools which screen for the presence of fear of birth (FOB) and to determine the most effective tool/s for use in clinical practice. Fear or birth (FOB) is internationally recognised as a cause for increasing concern, despite a lack of consensus on a definition or optimal measure of assessment. There is a wide array of FOB measurement tools, however little clarity on which tool should be used to screen for FOB in clinical practice. This review explores the use of tools that are used to screen for FOB and discusses the perceived effectiveness of such tools...
June 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751912/%C3%AE-cryptoxanthin-is-more-bioavailable-in-humans-from-fermented-orange-juice-than-from-orange-juice
#2
Dámaso Hornero-Méndez, Isabel Cerrillo, Ángeles Ortega, María-Rosario Rodríguez-Griñolo, Blanca Escudero-López, Franz Martín, María-Soledad Fernández-Pachón
Carotenoids, especially β-cryptoxanthin, exert multiple biological activities in the organism. Various processing techniques can improve carotenoid bioavailability in relation to the food matrix. The study objective was to compare the bioavailability of carotenoids from orange juice (OJ) with that from a beverage obtained by alcoholic fermentation of orange juice (FOB). Seven volunteers were recruited for a randomized, controlled, and crossover study. Post-intake plasma carotenoid concentrations were measured by HPLC in the subjects at 0-8 h after their consumption of OJ or FOB...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693979/diagnostic-yield-of-transbronchial-biopsy-in-comparison-to-high-resolution-computerized-tomography-in-sarcoidosis-cases
#3
H Serpil Akten, Hatice Kilic, Bulent Celik, Gonca Erbas, Zeynep Isikdogan, Haluk Turktas, Nurdan Kokturk
This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic yield of fiberoptic bronchoscopic (FOB) transbronchial biopsy and its relation with quantitative findings of high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT). A total of 83 patients, 19 males and 64 females with a mean age of 45.1 years diagnosed with sarcoidosis with complete records of high resolution computerized tomography were retrospectively recruited during the time period from Feb 2005 to Jan 2015. High resolution computerized tomography scans were retrospectively assessed in random order by an experienced observer without knowledge of the bronchoscopic results or lung function tests...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670403/variation-of-diagnostic-performance-of-fecal-immunochemical-testing-for-hemoglobin-by-sex-and-age-results-from-a-large-screening-cohort
#4
Hermann Brenner, Jing Qian, Simone Werner
Objective: Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) for hemoglobin in stool are increasingly used for colorectal cancer screening. Reported sensitivities and specificities have strongly varied between studies, but it is unclear to what extent such variation reflects differences between tests or between study population characteristics. We aimed to evaluate the key parameters of FIT performance for detecting advanced neoplasia (AN) according to sex and age. Methods: Sex- and age-specific sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values (PPVs) and negative predictive values (NPVs) for detecting AN of a quantitative FIT (FOB Gold®) were evaluated among 3211 men and women aged 50-79 years who underwent screening colonoscopy in Germany...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649032/airway-management-practice-in-adults-with-an-unstable-cervical-spine-the-harborview-medical-center-experience
#5
Michael G Holmes, Armagan Dagal, Bryan A Feinstein, Aaron M Joffe
BACKGROUND: Airway management in the presence of acute cervical spine injury (CSI) is challenging. Because it limits cervical spine motion during tracheal intubation and allows for neurological examination after the procedure, awake fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) has traditionally been recommended. However, with the widespread availability of video laryngoscopy (VL), its use has declined dramatically. Our aim was to describe the frequency of airway management techniques used in patients with CSI at our level I trauma center and report the incidence of neurological injury attributable to airway management...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490417/is-bronchoscopy-always-justified-in-diagnosis-of-haemoptysis
#6
Justyna Maria Torbiarczyk, Patryk Aleksander Sobczak, Katarzyna Krystyna Torbiarczyk, Joanna Miłkowska-Dymanowska, Adam Antczak, Paweł Górski, Adam J Białas, Wojciech J Piotrowski
INTRODUCTION: Fiber-optic bronchoscopy (FOB) is commonly performed in the first line in diagnostic process of haemoptysis. However, lots of evidences suggest that in haemoptysis FOB do not always provide additional, useful information to radiological diagnostics. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the validity of performing FOB as a method of choice in first line diagnostics of haemoptysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data comprised consecutively collected results from patients referred for FOB assessment for clinical purposes were retrospectively analysed...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477268/diagnostic-utilities-of-tracheal-ultrasound-and-usb-endoscope-for-the-confirmation-of-endotracheal-tube-placement-a-cadaver-study
#7
Erkman Sanri, Ebru Unal Akoglu, Sinan Karacabey, Ural Verimli, Haldun Akoglu, Umit Sehirli, Arzu Denizbasi
OBJECTIVES: Confirmation of the endotracheal tube placement (CoETP) has the utmost importance in the management of an airway. Visualization of tracheal rings or carina with a fiber-optical bronchoscope (FOB) has considered to be a reliable method for the CoETP. However, FOB is expensive, time-consuming, and not always practical. Inexpensive endoscopic USB-cameras were shown to aid intubation successfully and reliably. On the other hand, there have been no studies investigating their use for the CoETP...
February 17, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465052/nasotracheal-intubation-in-children-for-outpatient-dental-surgery-is-fiberoptic-bronchoscopy-useful
#8
A S Ozkan, S Akbas
Background: The aim of our study was to compare the hemodynamic responses and adverse events associated with nasotracheal intubation (NTI) using a fiberoptic bronchoscope (FOB) and a direct laryngoscope (DLS) in children undergoing general anesthesia for outpatient dental surgery. Methods: Eighty children (aged 5-15 years) were scheduled to undergo outpatient dental surgery under general anesthesia and of these children those who required NTI were included. Results: NTI was significantly longer in the FOB group (P = 0...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390413/the-early-examination-of-combined-serum-and-imaging-data-under-flexible-fiberoptic-bronchoscopy-as-a-novel-predictor-for-refractory-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-diagnosis
#9
Le Wang, Sukun Lu, Zhishan Feng, Lanfeng Li, Bo Niu, Jinfeng Shuai, Lijie Cao, Guixia Li, Jianhua Liu
The treatment role of flexible bronchoscopy (FOB) for pediatric refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP) has been well documented. Besides, the application indication of FOB is also studied in patients with general MPP (GMPP), especially in those with large pulmonary lesions. This study was designed to examine the diagnostic value of bronchoscopic features for RMPP.The FOB and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were adopted for pediatric patients who showed clinical and radiograph indications. On the basis of the final diagnosis on discharge, patients were divided into general and refractory MPP groups...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329526/definitions-measurements-and-prevalence-of-fear-of-childbirth-a-systematic-review
#10
C Nilsson, E Hessman, H Sjöblom, A Dencker, E Jangsten, M Mollberg, H Patel, C Sparud-Lundin, H Wigert, C Begley
BACKGROUND: Fear of Childbirth (FOC) is a common problem affecting women's health and wellbeing, and a common reason for requesting caesarean section. The aims of this review were to summarise published research on prevalence of FOC in childbearing women and how it is defined and measured during pregnancy and postpartum, and to search for useful measures of FOC, for research as well as for clinical settings. METHODS: Five bibliographic databases in March 2015 were searched for published research on FOC, using a protocol agreed a priori...
January 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287053/diagnostic-performance-of-one-off-flexible-sigmoidoscopy-with-fecal-immunochemical-testing-in-a-large-screening-population
#11
Tobias Niedermaier, Korbinian Weigl, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner
BACKGROUND: Flexible sigmoidoscopy and fecal immunochemical tests are established diagnostic tests for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and less invasive, less expensive, and easier to conduct than colonoscopy. However, little is known about their joint diagnostic performance compared with colonoscopy. We aimed to assess the expected diagnostic performance of joint use of flexible sigmoidoscopy and fecal immunochemical test. METHODS: We assessed the overall and site-specific prevalences of colorectal neoplasms and the overall sensitivity, specificity, area under the receiver operating characteristics curve of a quantitative fecal immunochemical test (FOB Gold, Sentinel Diagnostics, Milano, Italy) among 3,466 participants in screening colonoscopy in Germany...
May 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221382/detailed-balance-internal-consistency-and-energy-conservation-in-fragment-orbital-based-surface-hopping
#12
Antoine Carof, Samuele Giannini, Jochen Blumberger
We have recently introduced an efficient semi-empirical non-adiabatic molecular dynamics method for the simulation of charge transfer/transport in molecules and molecular materials, denoted fragment orbital-based surface hopping (FOB-SH) [J. Spencer et al., J. Chem. Phys. 145, 064102 (2016)]. In this method, the charge carrier wavefunction is expanded in a set of charge localized, diabatic electronic states and propagated in the time-dependent potential due to classical nuclear motion. Here we derive and implement an exact expression for the non-adiabatic coupling vectors between the adiabatic electronic states in terms of nuclear gradients of the diabatic electronic states...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200902/jph203-a-selective-l-type-amino-acid-transporter-1-inhibitor-induces-mitochondria-dependent-apoptosis-in-saos2-human-osteosarcoma-cells
#13
Dae Woo Choi, Do Kyung Kim, Yoshikatsu Kanai, Michael F Wempe, Hitoshi Endou, Jong-Keun Kim
Most normal cells express L-type amino acid transporter 2 (LAT2). However, L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) is highly expressed in many tumor cells and presumed to support their increased growth and proliferation. This study examined the effects of JPH203, a selective LAT1 inhibitor, on cell growth and its mechanism for cell death in Saos2 human osteosarcoma cells. FOB human osteoblastic cells and Saos2 cells expressed LAT1 and LAT2 together with their associating protein 4F2 heavy chain, but the expression of LAT2 in the Saos2 cells was especially weak...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180008/identification-and-characterization-of-human-bone-derived-cells
#14
Sungsin Jo, Jin Kyu Lee, Jinil Han, Bitnara Lee, Suman Kang, Kyu-Tae Hwang, Ye-Soo Park, Tae-Hwan Kim
This study was designed to identify and characterize primary bone-derived cells (BdCs) and investigate the potential role of osteoblast differentiation. Primary BdCs were isolated from surgical bone for comparative analysis with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and fetal osteoblasts (FOBs) and for potential differentiation to mature osteoblasts. Using three different cells, we successfully cultivated human osteoblast differentiation and activity which were evaluated using microarray and biochemical methods. BdCs are more correlated to MSCs in bioinformatics result and similar with FOBs in gene expression...
January 1, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131830/transcriptome-profiling-and-digital-gene-expression-analysis-of-sweet-potato-for-the-identification-of-putative-genes-involved-in-the-defense-response-against-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-batatas
#15
Yuli Lin, Weikun Zou, Shiqiang Lin, Dennis Onofua, Zhijian Yang, Haizhou Chen, Songliang Wang, Xuanyang Chen
Sweet potato production is constrained by Fusarium wilt, which is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. batatas (Fob). The identification of genes related to disease resistance and the underlying mechanisms will contribute to improving disease resistance via sweet potato breeding programs. In the present study, we performed de novo transcriptome assembly and digital gene expression (DGE) profiling of sweet potato challenged with Fob using Illumina HiSeq technology. In total, 89,944,188 clean reads were generated from 12 samples and assembled into 101,988 unigenes with an average length of 666 bp; of these unigenes, 62,605 (61...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124010/positive-fecal-occult-blood-test-as-a-diagnostic-cue-for-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-in-a-developed-country
#16
Itaru Nakamura, Kenji Yagi, Takashi Kumagai, Nobuo Ohta
The rise in eco-tourism and travel off the beaten track have increased numbers of tourists with schistosomiasis which is seldom seen in developed countries, although this disease is considered a neglected tropical disease especially in poor communities. A Guinean male living in Japan was seen complaining of severe constipation. He was positive for fecal occult blood (FOB) and underwent colonoscopy. Colonoscopy showed petechiae of the rectal mucosa, with pathologic examination of biopsy tissue showing calcified eggs of the genus Schistosoma...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090890/clinical-laboratory-improvement-amendments-of-1988-clia-fecal-occult-blood-fob-testing-final-rule
#17
(no author information available yet)
This final rule amends the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA) regulations to clarify that the waived test categorization applies only to non-automated fecal occult blood tests.
October 20, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078671/use-of-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-in-stopping-massive-hemoptysis-at-the-lung-center-of-the-philippines-a-pilot-study
#18
Armand Gregorio C Sarmiento, Jose Luis J Danguilan, Zenaida M Mariano, Maria Teresa A Barzaga
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of using autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) in patients having massive hemoptysis within a period of one week. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study involving 20 consecutive patients admitted who met the criteria for massive hemoptysis from July to October 2011. After stabilizing the patient, fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) was performed for localization of bleeding within 6 hours from diagnosis...
2017: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074128/a-randomized-controlled-study-of-the-use-of-video-double-lumen-endobronchial-tubes-versus-double-lumen-endobronchial-tubes-in-thoracic-surgery
#19
Jagtar Singh Heir, Shu-Lin Guo, Ronaldo Purugganan, Tim A Jackson, Anupamjeet Kaur Sekhon, Kazim Mirza, Javier Lasala, Lei Feng, Juan P Cata
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of fiberoptic bronchoscope (FOB) use (1) during verification of initial placement and (2) for reconfirmation of correct placement following repositioning, when either a double-lumen tube (DLT) or video double-lumen tube (VDLT) was used for lung isolation during thoracic surgery. DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SETTING: Single-center university teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 80 patients who were 18 years or older requiring lung isolation for surgery...
February 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057487/a-systematic-review-of-nonpharmacological-prenatal-interventions-for-pregnancy-specific-anxiety-and-fear-of-childbirth
#20
REVIEW
Kathrin Stoll, Emma Marie Swift, Nichole Fairbrother, Elizabeth Nethery, Patricia Janssen
BACKGROUND: Despite a sharp increase in the number of publications that report on treatment options for pregnancy-specific anxiety and fear of childbirth (PSA/FoB), no systematic review of nonpharmacological prenatal interventions for PSA/FoB has been published. Our team addressed this gap, as an important first step in developing guidelines and recommendations for the treatment of women with PSA/FoB. METHODS: Two databases (PubMed and Mendeley) were searched, using a combination of 42 search terms...
March 2018: Birth
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