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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210516/immunohistochemical-investigation-of-her-akt-mtor-pathway-and-cellular-adhesion-molecules-in-urothelial-carcinomas
#1
Nikolaos Koletsas, Triantafyllia Koletsa, Spyros Choidas, Konstantinos Anagnostopoulos, Stavros Touloupidis, Thomas Zaramboukas, Georgia Raptou, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Maria Lambropoulou
Background. Several investigators have suggested the possibility that the expression of both EGFR and HER2 could be utilized for molecularly targeted therapy in urinary bladder cancer. We tried to evaluate the expression of HER2 and EGFR and activation of the AKT/PTEN/mTOR pathway in urothelial carcinomas and if there is any association between them and cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs). Materials and Methods. Forty-one paraffin-embedded urothelial cancer tissue blocks were collected. Immunostains for HER2, EGFR, MIB1, phospho-AKT, PTEN, phospho-mTOR, e-cadherin, p-cadherin, and b-catenin were performed on tissue microarrays sections...
2017: Pathology Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210079/%C3%AE-2-heremans-schmid-glycoprotein-fetuin-a-downregulation-and-its-utility-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#2
Anastassios C Manolakis, Gregory Christodoulidis, Andreas N Kapsoritakis, Panagiotis Georgoulias, Elisavet K Tiaka, Kostas Oikonomou, Varvara J Valotassiou, Spyros P Potamianos
AIM: To investigate the impact of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on α2-Heremans-Schmid Glycoprotein (AHSG/fetuin A) and potential associations with disease and patient characteristics. METHODS: AHSG serum levels were determined in treatment-naïve newly-diagnosed patients, 96 with ulcerative colitis (UC), 84 with Crohn's disease (CD), 62 with diarrhea-predominant or mixed irritable bowel syndrome (IBS, D- and M- types) and 180 healthy controls (HC), by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165055/human-embryonic-and-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-maintain-phenotype-but-alter-their-metabolism-after-exposure-to-rock-inhibitor
#3
Spyros I Vernardis, Konstantinos Terzoudis, Nicki Panoskaltsis, Athanasios Mantalaris
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) are adhesion-dependent cells that require cultivation in colonies to maintain growth and pluripotency. Robust differentiation protocols necessitate single cell cultures that are achieved by use of ROCK (Rho kinase) inhibitors. ROCK inhibition enables maintenance of stem cell phenotype; its effects on metabolism are unknown. hPSCs were exposed to 10 μM ROCK inhibitor for varying exposure times. Pluripotency (TRA-1-81, SSEA3, OCT4, NANOG, SOX2) remained unaffected, until after prolonged exposure (96 hrs)...
February 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156244/letter-to-the-editor-white-matter-fiber-tract-architecture-and-ventricular-surgery
#4
Christos Koutsarnakis, Faidon Liakos, Aristotelis V Kalyvas, Spyros Komaitis, George Stranjalis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153670/designing-a-bio-inspired-biomimetic-in-vitro-system-for-the-optimization-of-ex-vivo-studies-of-pancreatic-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Stella Totti, Spyros I Vernardis, Lisiane Meira, Pedro A Pérez-Mancera, Eithne Costello, William Greenhalf, Daniel Palmer, John Neoptolemos, Athanasios Mantalaris, Eirini G Velliou
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive and lethal human malignancies. Drug therapies and radiotherapy are used for treatment as adjuvants to surgery, but outcomes remain disappointing. Advances in tissue engineering suggest that 3D cultures can reflect the in vivo tumor microenvironment and can guarantee a physiological distribution of oxygen, nutrients, and drugs, making them promising low-cost tools for therapy development. Here, we review crucial structural and environmental elements that should be considered for an accurate design of an ex vivo platform for studies of pancreatic cancer...
January 30, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134772/effects-of-different-exercise-modes-on-the-urinary-metabolic-fingerprint-of-men-with-and-without-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Aikaterina Siopi, Olga Deda, Vasiliki Manou, Spyros Kellis, Ioannis Kosmidis, Despina Komninou, Nikolaos Raikos, Kosmas Christoulas, Georgios A Theodoridis, Vassilis Mougios
Exercise is important in the prevention and treatment of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of risk factors that raises morbidity. Metabolomics can facilitate the optimization of exercise prescription. This study aimed to investigate whether the response of the human urinary metabolic fingerprint to exercise depends on the presence of MetS or exercise mode. Twenty-three sedentary men (MetS, n = 9, and Healthy, n = 14) completed four trials: resting, high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE), continuous moderate-intensity exercise (CME), and resistance exercise (RE)...
January 26, 2017: Metabolites
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131602/correlation-of-impedance-threshold-device-use-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-with-post-cardiac-arrest-acute-kidney-injury
#7
Panagiota Niforopoulou, Nicoletta Iacovidou, Pavlos Lelovas, George Karlis, Αpostolos Papalois, Spyros Siakavellas, Vasileios Spapis, George Kaparos, Ioanna Siafaka, Theodoros Xanthos
PURPOSE: To assess whether use of Impedance Threshold Device (ITD) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) reduces the degree of post-cardiac arrest Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), as a result of improved hemodynamics, in a porcine model of ventricular fibrillation (VF) cardiac arrest. METHODS: After 8 min of untreated cardiac arrest, the animals were resuscitated either with active compression-decompression (ACD) CPR plus a sham ITD (control group, n=8) or with ACD-CPR plus an active ITD (ITD group, n=8)...
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129606/pet-mr-versus-pet-ct-in-the-initial-staging-of-head-and-neck-cancer-using-a-trimodality-pet-ct-mr-system
#8
Tetsuro Sekine, Felipe de Galiza Barbosa, Felix P Kuhn, Irene A Burger, Paul Stolzmann, Gerhard F Huber, Spyros S Kollias, Gustav K von Schulthess, Patrick Veit-Haibach, Martin W Huellner
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of PET+MR with PET/CT in the initial staging of head and neck cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Contrast-enhanced PET/CT+MR was performed in 27 patients with newly diagnosed head and neck cancer. PET/CT and PET+MR were evaluated separately, and the TNM stage and factors influencing treatment were assessed. RESULTS: The TNM staging by PET+MR was comparable to PET/CT (T: p=0.331, N: p=0.453, M: p=0.034)...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118363/dynamics-and-structure-function-relationships-of-the-lamin-b-receptor-lbr
#9
Ioannis Giannios, Eleftheria Chatzantonaki, Spyros Georgatos
The lamin B receptor (LBR) is a multi-spanning membrane protein of the inner nuclear membrane that is often employed as a "reporter" of nuclear envelope dynamics. We show here that the diffusional mobility of full-length LBR exhibits significant regional variation along the nuclear envelope, consistent with the existence of discrete LBR microdomains and the occurrence of multiple, asymmetrically-spaced anastomoses along the nuclear envelope-endoplasmic reticulum interface. Interestingly, a commonly used fusion protein that contains the amino-terminal region and the first transmembrane domain of LBR exhibits reduced mobility at the nuclear envelope, but behaves similarly to full-length LBR in the endoplasmic reticulum...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115295/heterochromatin-remodeling-in-embryonic-stem-cells-proceeds-through-stochastic-de-stabilization-of-regional-steady-states
#10
Anastasia Christogianni, Eleftheria Chatzantonaki, Katerina Soupsana, Ioannis Giannios, Aggeliki Platania, Anastasia S Politou, Spyros Georgatos
Cell differentiation is associated with progressive immobilization of chromatin proteins, expansion of heterochromatin, decrease of global transcriptional activity and induction of lineage-specific genes. However, how these processes relate to one another remains unknown. We show here that the heterochromatic domains of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are dynamically distinct and posesses a mosaic sub-structure. Although random spatio-temporal fluctuations reshuffle continously the chromatin landscape, each heterochromatic territory maintains its dynamic profile, exhibiting robustness and resembling a quasi-steady state...
January 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099495/intestinal-bacteria-composition-and-translocation-of-bacteria-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Spyros Vrakas, Konstantinos C Mountzouris, George Michalopoulos, George Karamanolis, George Papatheodoridis, Charalampos Tzathas, Maria Gazouli
BACKGROUND: Live commensal intestinal bacteria are present in the peripheral blood where they can induce inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the intestinal bacteria composition and translocation of bacteria in IBD. METHODS: Both blood and tissue biopsy samples were collected from adult patients with active/inactive Crohn's disease (CD), active/inactive ulcerative colitis (UC) and healthy individuals. Most of the patients were newly diagnosed and none of them received antibiotics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079144/igf-ir-cooperates-with-er%C3%AE-to-inhibit-breast-cancer-cell-aggressiveness-by-regulating-the-expression-and-localisation-of-ecm-molecules
#12
Nikolaos A Afratis, Panagiotis Bouris, Spyros S Skandalis, Hinke A Multhaupt, John R Couchman, Achilleas D Theocharis, Nikos K Karamanos
IGF-IR is highly associated with the behaviour of breast cancer cells. In ERα-positive breast cancer, IGF-IR is present at high levels. In clinical practice, prolonged treatment with anti-estrogen agents results in resistance to the therapy with activation of alternative signaling pathways. Receptor Tyrosine Kinases, and especially IGF-IR, have crucial roles in these processes. Here, we report a nodal role of IGF-IR in the regulation of ERα-positive breast cancer cell aggressiveness and the regulation of expression levels of several extracellular matrix molecules...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068484/informatics-and-data-analytics-to-support-exposome-based-discovery-for-public-health
#13
Arjun K Manrai, Yuxia Cui, Pierre R Bushel, Molly Hall, Spyros Karakitsios, Carolyn J Mattingly, Marylyn Ritchie, Charles Schmitt, Denis A Sarigiannis, Duncan C Thomas, David Wishart, David M Balshaw, Chirag J Patel
The complexity of the human exposome-the totality of environmental exposures encountered from birth to death-motivates systematic, high-throughput approaches to discover the environmental determinants of disease. In this review, we describe the state of science in analyzing the human exposome and provide recommendations for the public health community to consider in dealing with analytic challenges of exposome-based biomedical research. We describe extant and novel analytic methods needed to associate the exposome with critical health outcomes and contextualize the data-centered challenges by drawing parallels to other research endeavors such as human genomics research...
December 23, 2016: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065613/anca-negative-churg-strauss-syndrome-presenting-as-acute-multiple-cerebral-infarcts-a-case-report
#14
Klearchos Psychogios, Ilias Evmorfiadis, Spyros Dragomanovits, Athanasios Stavridis, Konstantinos Takis, Loukas Kaklamanis, Stathis Pantelis
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA, previously named Churg-Strauss syndrome) is a form of necrotizing vasculitis occurring in patients with asthma and eosinophilia. Ischemic stroke is a relatively rare complication of the disease. We report a case of a 63-year-old woman with multiple embolic infarcts, hypereosinophilia (for >7 years), and skin rash. Elevated cardiac enzymes and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging were consistent with endomyocarditis. The simultaneous presence of history of asthma, sinusitis, hypereosinophilia, and vasculitis led to the diagnosis of EGPA...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057577/heterogeneity-of-blood-flow-and-metabolism-during-exercise-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Zafeiris Louvaris, Helmut Habazettl, Andreas Asimakos, Harrieth Wagner, Spyros Zakynthinos, Peter D Wagner, Ioannis Vogiatzis
The study investigated whether the capacity to regulate muscle blood flow (Q) relative to metabolic demand (VO2) is impaired in COPD. Using six NIRS optodes over the upper, middle and lower vastus lateralis in 6 patients, (FEV1:46±12%predicted) we recorded from each: a) Q by indocyanine green dye injection, b) VO2/Q ratios based on fractional tissue O2 saturation and c) VO2 as their product, during constant-load exercise (at 20%, 50% and 80% of peak capacity) in normoxia and hyperoxia (FIO2:1.0). At 50 and 80%, relative dispersion (RD) for Q, but not for VO2, was greater in normoxia (0...
March 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035654/seven-days-post-injury-fate-and-effects-of-genetically-labelled-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-cells-on-a-rat-traumatic-brain-injury-experimental-model
#16
Ioanna Dori, Spyros Petrakis, Aggeliki Giannakopoulou, Chryssa Bekiari, Ioannis Grivas, Evangelia K Siska, Georgios Koliakos, Georgios C Papadopoulos
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have been suggested to have beneficial effects on animal models of traumatic brain injury (TBI), owing to their neurotrophic and immunomodulatory properties. Adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ASCs) are multipotent MSC that can be harvested with minimally invasive methods, show a high proliferative capacity, low immunogenicity if allogeneic, and can be used in autologous or heterologous settings. In the present study ASCs were genetically labelled using the Sleeping Beauty transposon to express the fluorescent protein Venus...
December 30, 2016: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035149/optimization-of-a-green-extraction-method-for-the-recovery-of-polyphenols-from-olive-leaf-using-cyclodextrins-and-glycerin-as-co-solvents
#17
Ioannis Mourtzinos, Eleni Anastasopoulou, Athanasios Petrou, Spyros Grigorakis, Dimitris Makris, Costas G Biliaderis
Olive leaf, an agricultural by-product, was studied for the valorization of its biophenols using green extraction techniques; i.e. non-toxic and eco-friendly extraction solvents were used, involving water and glycerol. 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (CD), was also employed as an enhancer of the extraction, since cyclodextrins (CD's) are known to improve the extractability of olive leaf polyphenols by forming water soluble inclusion complexes. The process was optimized by implementing a central composite (Box-Behnken) experimental design and response surface methodology, taking into consideration the following independent variables: glycerol concentration (Cgl), CD concentration (CCD) and temperature (T)...
November 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034832/proteasome-activation-enhances-stemness-and-lifespan-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#18
Marianna Kapetanou, Niki Chondrogianni, Spyros Petrakis, George Koliakos, Efstathios S Gonos
The age-associated decline of adult stem cell function contributes to the physiological failure of homeostasis during aging. The proteasome plays a key role in the maintenance of proteostasis and its failure is associated with various biological phenomena including senescence and aging. Although stem cell biology has attracted intense attention, the role of proteasome in stemness and its age-dependent deterioration remains largely unclear. By employing both Wharton's-Jelly- and Adipose-derived human adult mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), we reveal a significant age-related decline in proteasome content and peptidase activities, accompanied by alterations of proteasomal complexes...
December 27, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028692/in-vitro-hydrodynamic-assessment-of-a-new-transcatheter-heart-valve-concept-the-triskele
#19
Benyamin Rahmani, Spyros Tzamtzis, Rose Sheridan, Michael J Mullen, John Yap, Alexander M Seifalian, Gaetano Burriesci
This study presents the in vitro hydrodynamic assessment of the TRISKELE, a new system suitable for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), aiming to mitigate the procedural challenges experienced with current technologies. The TRISKELE valve comprises three polymeric leaflet and an adaptive sealing cuff, supported by a novel fully retrievable self-expanding nitinol wire frame. Valve prototypes were manufactured in three sizes of 23, 26, and 29 mm by automated dip-coating of a biostable polymer, and tested in a hydrodynamic bench setup in mock aortic roots of 21, 23, 25, and 27 mm annulus, and compared to two reference valves suitable for equivalent implantation ranges: Edwards SAPIEN XT and Medtronic CoreValve...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013125/the-effect-of-treatment-as-usual-on-major-depressive-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Spyros Kolovos, Maurits W van Tulder, Pim Cuijpers, Amélie Prigent, Karine Chevreul, Heleen Riper, Judith E Bosmans
BACKGROUND: Health-economic models are used to evaluate the long-term cost-effectiveness of an intervention and typically include treatment as usual (TAU) as comparator. Part of the data used for these models are acquired from the literature and thus valid information is needed on the effects of TAU on depression. The aim of the current meta-analysis was to examine positive and negative outcomes of major depression for patients receiving TAU. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed, EMBASE, PsycInfo, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
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