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Hirsutism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624500/phoenixin-14-concentrations-are-increased-in-association-with-luteinizing-hormone-and-nesfatin-1-concentrations-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#1
Kamra Ullah, Tanzil Ur Rahman, Dan-Dan Wu, Xian-Hua Lin, Ye Liu, Xiao-Yan Guo, Peter C K Leung, Run-Ju Zhang, He-Feng Huang, Jian-Zhong Sheng
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is commonly characterized by obesity, insulin resistance (IR), hyperandrogenemia and hirsutism. Following the reported relationship between phoenixin-14 and gonadotropin production in rat hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, the present study was designed to investigate the circulating concentrations of phoenixin-14 and their associations with the concentrations of sex hormones including luteinizing hormone (LH), follicular stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol (E2), progesterone (P4) and total testosterone (TT) in PCOS patients...
June 14, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620495/familial-partial-lipodystrophy-and-proteinuric-renal-disease-due-to-a-missense-c-1045c%C3%A2-%C3%A2-t-lmna-mutation
#2
Athanasios Fountas, Zoe Giotaki, Evangelia Dounousi, George Liapis, Alexandra Bargiota, Agathocles Tsatsoulis, Stelios Tigas
Proteinuric renal disease is prevalent in congenital or acquired forms of generalized lipodystrophy. In contrast, an association between familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD) and renal disease has been documented in very few cases. A 22-year-old female patient presented with impaired glucose tolerance, hyperinsulinemia, hirsutism and oligomenorrhea. On examination, there was partial loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue in the face, upper and lower limbs, bird-like facies with micrognathia and low set ears and mild acanthosis nigricans...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616051/omega-3-supplementation-effects-on-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-symptoms-and-metabolic-syndrome
#3
Behnaz Khani, Farahnaz Mardanian, Sajadeh Jafari Fesharaki
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common female endocrine disorder with unknown etiology and with different complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of omega-3 supplementation on PCOS symptoms and metabolic syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This double-blind clinical trial was performed in 2015 in Alzahra and Shahid Beheshti Hospitals, Isfahan, Iran, on 88 patients with PCOS. Intervention group took omega-3 supplements with dose of 2 g/day for 6 months (two capsules), but control group received two olive oil capsules...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607955/wound-healing-protects-against-chemotherapy-induced-alopecia-in-young-rats-via-up-regulating-interleukin-1%C3%AE-mediated-signaling
#4
Olivera Stojadinovic, Tongyu C Wikramanayake, Alexandra C Villasante Fricke, Natalie C Yin, Liang Liang, Eleanor Hinde, Julia Escandon, Marjana Tomic-Canic, David M Ansell, Ralf Paus, Joaquin J Jimenez
Wound healing is a complex process regulated by various cell types and a plethora of mediators. While interactions between wounded skin and the hair follicles (HFs) could induce HF neogenesis or promote wound healing, it remains unknown whether the wound healing-associated signaling milieu can be manipulated to protect against alopecia, such as chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA). Utilizing a well-established neonatal rat model of CIA, we show here that skin wounding protects from alopecia caused by several clinically relevant chemotherapeutic regimens, and that protection is dependent on the time of wounding and hair cycle stage...
May 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604129/severe-hyperandrogenemia-in-postmenopausal-woman-as-a-presentation-of-ovarian-hyperthecosis-case-report-and-mini-review-of-the-literature
#5
Adam Czyzyk, Justyna Latacz, Dorota Filipowicz, Agnieszka Podfigurna, Rafal Moszynski, Piotr Jasinski, Stefan Sajdak, Michal Gaca, Andrea R Genazzani, Blazej Meczekalski
Ovarian hyperthecosis (OH) is characterized by the presence of abundant luteinized theca cells in ovaries that secret androgen. It typically presents as severe hyperandrogenism and/or virilization in postmenopausal woman. Here we describe a 66-year old woman with presentation of severe hirsutism, alopecia, clitoromegaly and laboratory finding of significantly elevated serum total testosterone concentration and hyperinsulinemia. Performed imaging studies revealed normal sized, homogeneous ovaries, signs of endometrial hypertrophy and normal adrenal glands...
June 11, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593779/-hirsutism
#6
M Fanta
OBJECTIVE: Overview of excessive hair growth in women, hirsutism. Although women with hirsutism typically present because of cosmetic concerns, the majority also have an underlying endocrine disorder. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Faculty of Medicine of Charles Universtity, Prague. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hirsutism is a clinical diagnosis defined by the presence of excess terminal hair growth (dark, coarse hairs) in androgen-sensitive areas...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584752/body-to-scalp-evolving-trends-in-body-hair-transplantation
#7
REVIEW
Kuldeep Saxena, Sandeep S Savant
Follicular unit extraction (FUE) is becoming an increasingly popular method for hair restoration. As FUE leaves behind no linear scars, it is more suitable to harvest from various body areas including beard, chest, and extremities in hirsute individuals. Body hair characteristics such as thickness, length, and hair cycle may not completely match to that of the scalp hair. The techniques of harvesting body hairs are more time consuming, requiring higher degree of skill than regular scalp FUE. Body hair transplantation can be successfully used either alone or in combination with scalp hair in advanced grades of baldness, for improving the cosmetic appearance of hairlines and in scarring alopecia when there is paucity of donor scalp hair...
May 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582566/non-classic-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-due-to-21-hydroxylase-deficiency-revisited-an-update-with-a-special-focus-on-adolescent-and-adult-women
#8
Enrico Carmina, Didier Dewailly, Héctor F Escobar-Morreale, Fahrettin Kelestimur, Carlos Moran, Sharon Oberfield, Selma F Witchel, Ricardo Azziz
BACKGROUND: Non-classic congenital hyperplasia (NCAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency is a common autosomal recessive disorder characterized by androgen excess. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: We conducted a systematic review and critical assessment of the available evidence pertaining to the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of NCAH. A meta-analysis of epidemiological data was also performed. SEARCH METHODS: Peer-reviewed studies evaluating NCAH published up to October 2016 were reviewed...
June 5, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576284/congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#9
REVIEW
Diala El-Maouche, Wiebke Arlt, Deborah P Merke
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a group of autosomal recessive disorders encompassing enzyme deficiencies in the adrenal steroidogenesis pathway that lead to impaired cortisol biosynthesis. Depending on the type and severity of steroid block, patients can have various alterations in glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, and sex steroid production that require hormone replacement therapy. Presentations vary from neonatal salt wasting and atypical genitalia, to adult presentation of hirsutism and irregular menses...
May 30, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575537/association-between-biochemical-hyperandrogenism-parameters-and-ferriman-gallwey-score-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis
#10
Mina Amiri, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Fatemeh Nahidi, Razieh Bidhendi Yarandi, Samira Behboudi-Gandevani, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A limited number of studies have evaluated the relationship between clinical and biochemical hyperandrogenism (HA). This study aimed to evaluate the association between biochemical hyperandrogenism parameters (BHPs) and Ferriman-Gallwey (FG) score in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: We searched PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect and Web of Sciences databases (2000 to 2015) to identify studies investigating clinical and biochemical parameters of HA in PCOS patients...
June 2, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569570/safety-and-efficacy-of-peeling-during-different-periods-of-the-menstrual-cycle-on-acne
#11
Emel Bulbul Baskan, Işıl Tilki Günay, Hayriye Saricaoglu
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of 50% glycolic acid peeling performed at different phases of menstruation on acne. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study included 30 patient with mild to moderate acne. Those with regular menstrual cycles and no history or laboratory evidence of hormonal pathology, hirsutism were selected.Thirty patients were divided three groups. The first group received peeling applications in the first 7 days of menstruation the second group received the peel between 10-14 days,the third group received the peel during the last 10 days of menstruation...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558523/melatonin-treatment-may-be-able-to-restore-menstrual-cyclicity-in-women-with-pcos-a-pilot-study
#12
Valeria Tagliaferri, Daniela Romualdi, Elisa Scarinci, Simona De Cicco, Christian Di Florio, Valentina Immediata, Anna Tropea, Carla Mariaflavia Santarsiero, Antonio Lanzone, Rosanna Apa
The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of 6 months of melatonin administration on clinical, endocrine, and metabolic features of women affected by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This is a prospective cohort study including 40 normal-weight women with PCOS between January and September 2016, enrolled in an academic research environment. Ultrasonographic pelvic examinations, hirsutism score evaluation, hormonal profile assays, oral glucose tolerance test, and lipid profile at baseline and after 6 months of melatonin administration were performed...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537181/pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#13
Priscilla Cunningham
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an incurable disorder that is associated with ovarian dysfunction. It affects millions of women in the UK. The signs and symptoms of PCOS include ovarian cysts, acne and excess hair growth (hirsutism), and can have a negative effect on the self-esteem of women with the condition. PCOS is also a potential cause of reduced fertility. This article uses a case study approach to discuss the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, and diagnosis of PCOS, as well as complications, treatment and psychosocial implications of the condition...
May 24, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531566/the-high-molecular-weight-multimer-form-of-adiponectin-is-a-useful-marker-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-bahraini-arab-women
#14
Amina M Al-Awadi, Sameh Sarray, Mona R Arekat, Layal R Saleh, Naeema Mahmood, Wassim Y Almawi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We tested if decreased total and high molecular weight (HMW)-adiponectin, and altered HMW/total adiponectin ratio (HMWR) constitute reliable markers of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) among Bahraini Arab women. METHODS: Case-control study involving 122 Bahraini Arab women with PCOS and 89 ethnically-matched control women. PCOS was evaluated according to 2003 Rotterdam criteria. Total and HMW-adiponectin were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: Compared to controls, women with PCOS had significantly reduced plasma HMW-adiponectin, and HMWR, more so than total adiponectin...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529420/long-pulsed-nd-yag-laser-and-intense-pulse-light-755-nm-for-idiopathic-facial-hirsutism-a-comparative-study
#15
Arpit Shrimal, Souvik Sardar, Soumyajit Roychoudhury, Somenath Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Hirsutism means excessive terminal hair growth in a female in male pattern distribution. Perception of hirsutism is subjective. Permanent laser hair reduction is a slow process taking many sessions and tracking of improvement parameters is tedious. Hence, a lot of confusion still exists regarding the type of laser most beneficial for treatment. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and safety profile of long-pulsed Nd: YAG laser (1064 nm) and intense pulse light (IPL)-755 nm in management of idiopathic facial hirsutism...
January 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515051/views-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-qualitative-study-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample
#16
Michelle Hadjiconstantinou, Hamidreza Mani, Naina Patel, Miles Levy, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti, Margaret Stone
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a lifelong condition. Its symptoms have been linked with psychological consequences, but less attention has been given to the daily implications of living with PCOS. We aimed to explore women's experiences living with PCOS, and the potential acceptability of group education sessions for this target group. METHODS: Women with PCOS were recruited from an ethnically diverse UK community. Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted...
May 17, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507858/reconstructing-discontinuous-facial-defects-with-simultaneous-ulnar-perforator-free-flaps
#17
Carissa M Thomas, Mofiyinfolu Sokoya, Frederic W-B Deleyiannis
Multiple, simultaneous skin cancers of the face are common. This is the first description of reconstructing discontinuous facial defects (i.e., separate sites of the face) with simultaneous ulnar perforator flaps. The distinct innovations of this multiple flap design are the ability to restrict the harvest site to one extremity, to obtain vein and arterial grafts from the same extremity, and to create multiple flaps with minimal hirsutism and bulk. We present a case of a 57-year-old male with multiple basal cell carcinomas who underwent wide local excisions of the right upper lip and cheek and of the left lower eyelid and infraorbital cheek...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492053/association-of-ethnicity-fitzpatrick-skin-type-and-hirsutism-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study-of-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#18
L Afifi, L Saeed, L A Pasch, H G Huddleston, M I Cedars, L T Zane, K Shinkai
BACKGROUND: The complex interplay between ethnicity, Fitzpatrick skin type (FST), and hirsutism in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: In this cross-sectional, retrospective analysis, we examined the prevalence, severity, and distribution of hirsutism with clinician-rated site-specific and total modified Ferriman-Gallwey (mFG) visual scoring in a diverse cohort of American patients with PCOS. METHODS: Independent analyses were conducted on the basis of patient-reported FST ratings and ethnicity...
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492032/endocrine-evaluation-of-hirsutism
#19
REVIEW
John Mihailidis, Racha Dermesropian, Pamela Taxel, Pooja Luthra, Jane M Grant-Kels
Hirsutism is defined as excessive terminal hair growth in a male pattern in females. It typically affects 5 to 10% of reproductive-age women. Excessive hair growth can often cause significant psychological and emotional distress. As a result, hirsutism is a common presenting complaint to healthcare professionals, including dermatologists, as women search for cosmetic and medical solutions to their problem. Hirsutism results from excess production of androgens, often from ovarian or adrenal sources. It is typically associated with a metabolic syndrome like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), but can be idiopathic or medication-induced...
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486593/prevalence-of-obesity-associated-gonadal-dysfunction-in-severely-obese-men-and-women-and-its-resolution-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Hector F Escobar-Morreale, Elisa Santacruz, Manuel Luque-Ramírez, José I Botella Carretero
BACKGROUND: Sexual dimorphism manifests noticeably in obesity-associated gonadal dysfunction. In women, obesity is associated with androgen excess disorders, mostly the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), whereas androgen deficiency is frequently present in obese men in what has been termed as male obesity-associated secondary hypogonadism (MOSH). Obesity-associated gonadal dysfunction, consisting of PCOS in women and MOSH in men, is a frequent finding in patients with severe obesity and it may be ameliorated or even resolve with marked weight loss, especially after bariatric surgery...
May 9, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
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