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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921251/skin-manifestations-of-insulin-resistance-from-a-biochemical-stance-to-a-clinical-diagnosis-and-management
#1
REVIEW
Gloria González-Saldivar, René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Jorge Ocampo-Candiani, José Gerardo González-González, Minerva Gómez-Flores
Worldwide, more than 1.9 billion adults are overweight, and around 600 million people suffer from obesity. Similarly, ~382 million individuals live with diabetes, and 40-50% of the global population is labeled at "high risk" (i.e., prediabetes). The impact of these two chronic conditions relies not only on the burden of illnesses per se (i.e., associated increased morbidity and mortality), but also on their increased cost, burden of treatment, and decreased health-related quality of life. For this review a comprehensive search in several databases including PubMed (MEDLINE), Ovid EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted...
December 5, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882506/cosmetics-use-related-adverse-events-and-determinants-among-jigjiga-town-residents-eastern-ethiopia
#2
Arebu I Bilal, Zelalem Tilahun, Ebrahim D Osman, Anwar Mulugeta, Muktar Shekabdulahi, Derbew Fikadu Berhe
INTRODUCTION: Non-medicated cosmetics use is very common among the Ethiopian population. However, little is known about these products' related adverse events. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of cosmetics-related adverse events among Jigjiga Town residents, Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study design was conducted in May and June 2014. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect cosmetics use pattern and related adverse events...
November 23, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874912/corticosteroid-injections-a-review-of-sex-related-side-effects
#3
Emily M Brook, Caroline H Hu, Kiera A Kingston, Elizabeth G Matzkin
Corticosteroid injections are used as a nonoperative modality to combat acute inflammation when conservative treatments fail. As female patients are regularly seen by orthopedic physicians, it is essential to identify and understand potential sex-related side effects. The aim of this article is to examine available literature for sex-related side effects of orthopedic-related corticosteroid injections. Although the incidence is low, sex-related side effects, such as abnormal menstruation, lactation disturbances, facial flushing, and hirsutism, are associated with corticosteroid injections...
November 22, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871279/biodegradation-of-lignin-and-nicotine-with-white-rot-fungi-for-the-delignification-and-detoxification-of-tobacco-stalk
#4
Yulong Su, He Xian, Sujuan Shi, Chengsheng Zhang, S M Nuruzzaman Manik, Jingjing Mao, Ge Zhang, Weihong Liao, Qian Wang, Haobao Liu
BACKGROUND: Tobacco stalk is one kind of abundant crop residues in China. The high lignification of tobacco stalk increases its reusing cost and the existing of nicotine will cause serious pollution. The biodegradation of lignocellulosic biomass has been demonstrated to be an environmental and economical approach for the utilization of plant stalk. Meanwhile, many nicotine-degrading microorganisms were found in nature. However, microorganisms which could degraded both nicotine and lignin haven't been reported...
November 21, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870902/sleep-duration-exercise-shift-work-and-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-related-outcomes-in-a-healthy-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Audrey J R Lim, Zhongwei Huang, Seok Eng Chua, Michael S Kramer, Eu-Leong Yong
CONTEXT: Few studies have examined the associations between sleep duration, shiftwork, and exercise to the infrequent menstruation, hyperandrogenism, and ovarian morphological changes observed in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). OBJECTIVE: To examine whether lifestyle factors, including short sleep duration, insufficient exercise, and shiftwork, alone or in combination, are associated with the reproductive and metabolic abnormalities typical of PCOS in a healthy population...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867343/park2-microduplication-clinical-and-molecular-characterization-of-a-further-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Orazio Palumbo, Pietro Palumbo, Maria P Leone, Raffaella Stallone, Teresa Palladino, Marcella Vendemiale, Stefano Palladino, Francesco Papadia, Massimo Carella, Rira Fischetto
We report on a patient with psychomotor deficits, language delay, dyspraxia, skeletal anomalies, and facial dysmorphisms (hirsutism, right palpebral ptosis, a bulbous nasal tip with enlarged and anteverted nares, and a mild prominent antihelix stem). Using high-resolution SNP array analysis, we identified a 0.49-Mb microduplication in chromosome 6q26 inherited from the mother involving the PARK2 gene: arr[hg19] 6q26(162,672,821-163,163,143)×3 mat. To the best of our knowledge, this is the third patient to date described in whom a 6q26 microduplication encompassing only the PARK2 gene has been reported in medical literature...
October 2016: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857898/pregnancy-luteoma-a-rare-case-report
#7
Vaishali Verma, Surinder Paul, K S Chahal, Jaspreet Singh
Pregnancy luteomas are rare, nonneoplastic lesions of the ovary thought to be caused by the hormonal effects of pregnancy. Most of these patients are asymptomatic with the ovarian enlargement being incidentally discovered during imaging or surgery. Some patients develop hirsutism or virilization during late pregnancy. Luteomas spontaneously regress postpartum. It may be a diagnostic and management challenge as it can mimic the presentation of malignant ovarian tumors. We present a 33-year-old female with an enlarged ovary discovered incidentally at the time of cesarean section...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846196/the-relationship-between-hearing-thresholds-and-hyperandrogenism-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#8
Mahfuz Turan, Rıfkı Ucler, Mehmet Fatih Garca, Zehra Kurdoglu, Hakan Cankaya, Abdurrahman Ayral, Nazım Bozan, Ahmet Faruk Kıroglu, Mertihan Kurdoglu
BACKGROUND The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hearing thresholds. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty women diagnosed with PCOS (mean age, 24.33±6.38 years) and 40 healthy women controls (mean age, 26.38±6.75 years) were included in prospective study. Each case was tested with low (250, 500, 1000, and 2000 Hz), high (4000, 6000, and 8000 Hz) and extended high (EH) (9000-20000 Hz) frequency audiometry. The fasting plasma glucose, insulin, FSH, LH, total testosterone, and sex hormone-binding globulin were measured in all patients...
November 15, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817838/noncontraceptive-use-of-oral-combined-hormonal-contraceptives-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-risks-versus-benefits
#9
REVIEW
Anuja Dokras
The use of steroid sex hormones for noncontraceptive benefits has been endorsed by several medical societies. In women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), hormonal contraceptives are first-line therapy for concurrent treatment of menstrual irregularity, acne, and hirsutism. The association of PCOS with obesity, diabetes, and dyslipidemia frequently brings up the debate regarding risks versus benefits of hormonal contraceptives in this population. In women with PCOS, the lack of large-scale studies evaluating the risks with varying doses of ethinyl estradiol, types of progestins, and presence of confounding factors such as obesity, smoking, and other cardiometabolic comorbidities is a significant limitation in these deliberations...
December 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815622/-cutaneous-manifestations-of-metabolic-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
G Holzer, B Straßegger, B Volc-Platzer
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of risk factors which increase the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus. High blood pressure, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and central obesity are the main risk factors. While MetS is not a dermatological diagnosis per se, several cutaneous manifestations can serve as a clinical indicator for impending MetS and facilitate an early diagnosis and therapy in order to prevent its long-term sequelae...
December 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808588/comparison-of-two-insulin-sensitizers-metformin-and-myo-inositol-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#11
Franca Fruzzetti, Daria Perini, Marinella Russo, Fiorella Bucci, Angiolo Gadducci
Insulin resistance (IR) plays a pivotal role in PCOS. Insulin-sensitizer agents such as metformin and inositols have been shown to improve the endocrine and metabolic aspects of PCOS. The purpose of this study is to compare their effects on the clinical and metabolic features of the women with PCOS. Fifty PCOS women with IR and/or hyperinsulinemia were randomized to treatment with metformin (1500 mg/day) or myo-inositol (4 g/day). IR was defined as HOMA-IR >2.5, while hyperinsulinemia was defined as a value of AUC for insulin after a glucose load over the cutoff of our laboratory obtained in normal women...
November 3, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778640/normal-pubertal-development-in-daughters-of-women-with-pcos-a-controlled-study
#12
Richard S Legro, Allen R Kunselman, Christy M Stetter, Carol L Gnatuk, Stephanie J Estes, Eleanor Brindle, Hubert W Vesper, Julianne C Botelho, Peter A Lee, William C Dodson
CONTEXT: Daughters of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are thought to be at increased risk for developing stigmata of the syndrome, but the ontogeny during puberty is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To phenotype daughters (N = 76) of mothers with PCOS and daughters (N = 80) from control mothers for reproductive and metabolic parameters characteristic of PCOS. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Matched Case/Control Study, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Non-Hispanic, Caucasian girls age 4-17 INTERVENTION: Obtain birth history, biometric, ovarian ultrasounds, whole body DXA scan for body composition, 2 hour glucose challenged salivary insulin levels and two timed urinary collections (12 hours overnight and 3 hours AM) for gonadotropins and sex steroids...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769766/prescribing-of-cyproterone-acetate-ethinylestradiol-in-uk-general-practice-a-retrospective-descriptive-study-using-the-health-improvement-network
#13
Lucía Cea Soriano, Alex Asiimwe, Luis A García Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prescribing patterns of cyproterone acetate/ethinylestradiol (CPA/EE) in the UK before and after the 2013 prescribing guidance. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study in UK general practice. The study population included women with a first prescription (index date) for CPA/EE in The Health Improvement Network during 2011 (N=2760), 2012 (N=2923) and 2014 (N=2341). We evaluated the proportion of new CPA/EE users with i) a diagnosis of a hyperandrogenic condition, menstrual problem, consultation for contraception management, other acne treatment, in the year before the index date; ii) proportion of new CPA/EE users with concomitant use of another hormonal contraceptive (HC)...
October 18, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762642/efficacy-and-safety-of-mascara-dyeing-as-an-adjunct-to-alexandrite-and-nd-yag-laser-applications-for-removing-thin-and-white-colored-facial-and-axillary-hair
#14
Pelin Üstüner, Ali Balevi, Mustafa Özdemir
INTRODUCTION: There is no satisfactory and efficient method for long-term removal of white-colored and thin hair. METHODS: We conducted a randomised clinical trial of hirsute patients with excessive white and/or thin hair on the face and/or axilla. In Group I (n: 16), the facial hair on one side of the face was painted with a black eyelash mascara immediately before Nd:YAG laser and the other half was only treated by Nd:YAG. In Group II (n: 20), the axillary hair on one side was painted with the mascara before the Alexandrite laser with the other side being only treated by Alexandrite...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755516/-woman-19-old-with-hirsutism-obesity-and-acanthosis-nigricans
#15
Anna Kępczyńska-Nyk, Marta Muszel, Mikołaj Radziszewski, Kamil Wocial
19-year-old hirsute woman with obesity, skin lesions with features of acanthosis nigricans around neck, armpits, thoracic cage and wrists escalating for couple of months, elevated testosterone and insulin plasma levels was admitted to hospital to perform diagnostic approach. The final diagnosis was hyperandrogenism-insulin resistance-acanthosis nigricans syndrome (HAIR-AN syndrome), considered as a subtype of policystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and impaired glucose tolerance. HAIR-AN is characterized by coexistence of: hyperandrogenism (HA), insulin resistance (IR) and acanthosis nigricans (AN)...
September 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754163/sy-11-3-hypertension-in-women-more-dangerous-than-in-men
#16
Suzanne Oparil
Heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure are leading causes of death worldwide, and hypertension is a significant risk factor for each. Hypertension is less common in women, compared to men, in those younger than 45 years of age. This trend is reversed in those 65 years and older. In the US between 2011-2014, the prevalence of hypertension in women and men by age group was 6% vs 8% (18-39 years), 30% vs 35% (40-59 years), and 67% vs 63% (60 years and over). Awareness, treatment, and control rates differ between genders with women being more aware of their diagnosis (85% vs 80%), more likely to take their medications (81% vs 71%) and more frequently having controlled hypertension (55% vs 49%)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753286/a-6-5%C3%A2-mb-deletion-at-3q24q25-2-narrows-wisconsin-syndrome-critical-region-to-a-750%C3%A2-kb-interval-a-potential-role-for-mbnli
#17
Veronica Bertini, Alessandro Orsini, Roberta Mazza, Vineela Mandava, Giuseppe Saggese, Alessia Azzara', Alice Bonuccelli, Angelo Valetto
We report on a patient with a 6.5 Mb interstitial de novo deletion in 3q24q25.2, characterized by array CGH. The patient is a 4-year and 2-month-old girl, who presented to us with mild developmental delay, absence of language, facial dysmorphism, hirsutism, strabismus, and Dandy-Walker Malformation. The main clinical signs typical of WS (Wisconsin syndrome) are evident in the patient. The molecular mapping of WS in 3q23q25 allowed geneticists to define the syndrome more accurately. Comparing the present patient's phenotype with that of cases with a molecular characterization so far reported, it was possible to narrow the critical region for WS to an interval of 750 Kb, where two genes (MBNL1 and TMEM14E) are harbored...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728234/an-interesting-case-of-hirsutism
#18
Muralikrishna Ps, Markandeya Rao, Rakesh Sahay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723553/the-evaluation-of-endothelial-function-and-structure-in-hirsute-patients-in-reproductive-age
#19
Kemal Atasayan, Tevfik Yoldemir, Sedef Ramoglu, Dilek Gogas Yavuz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the endothelial function and structure in patients with hirsutism in reproductive age. STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted on 69 consecutive women admitted with complaints of hirsutism and 63 voluntary healthy women, as controls. A total of 132 subjects who applied to the Gynecology and Infertility Outpatient Clinics were included. Participants with modified Ferriman Gallway (mFG) score over 8 were considered to be hirsute. The demographic, metabolic, hormonal characteristics, risk factors of cardiovascular disease, CIMT (carotis intima media thickness) and FMD (flow-mediated dilatation) were compared between hirsute women and those in the control group...
October 3, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689809/age-related-normogram-for-antral-follicle-count-in-general-population-and-comparison-with-previous-studies
#20
Gurkan Bozdag, Pinar Calis, Dila Zengin, Atakan Tanacan, Sevilay Karahan
OBJECTIVE: To construct antral follicle count (AFC) nomogram of general population for every age and to compare our data with previous studies to assess whether available AFC nomograms present any geographical inconsistency. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted to document AFC nomogram among women in 20-50 years with regular menstrual bleeding. Patients admitted with hirsutism, menstrual irregularity, diagnosis of current/history of endometrioma and hormonal drug use within the last 6 months were excluded...
September 20, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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