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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226821/patterns-of-civilian-and-child-deaths-due-to-war-related-violence-in-syria-a-comparative-analysis-from-the-violation-documentation-center-dataset-2011-16
#1
Debarati Guha-Sapir, Benjamin Schlüter, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Louis Lillywhite, Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks
BACKGROUND: Since March, 2011, the Syrian civil war has lowered life expectancy by as much as 20 years. We describe demographic, spatial, and temporal patterns of direct deaths of civilians and opposition combatants from conflict-related violence in 6 years of war. METHODS: We analysed conflict-related violent deaths with complete information on date, place, and cause of death and demographic group occurring from March 18, 2011, to Dec 31, 2016, recorded by the Violation Documentation Center (VDC)...
November 29, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187239/a-model-of-population-dynamics-of-tb-in-a-prison-system-and-application-to-south-africa
#2
Peter Witbooi, Sibaliwe Maku Vyambwera
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) continues to spread in South African prisons in particular, as prisons are over-capacitated and have poor ventilation. The awaiting trial detainees are not screened on admission and are at high risk of getting infected with TB. RESULTS: We propose a compartmental model to describe the population dynamics of TB disease in prisons. Our model considers the inflow of susceptible, exposed and TB infectives into the prison population. Removal of individuals out of the prison population can be either by death or by being released from prison, as compared to a general population in which removal is only by death...
November 29, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141893/lawyers-for-guantanamo-bay-detainees-on-hunger-strike-will-fight-us-government-in-court
#3
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105203/self-reported-injection-practices-among-people-who-use-drugs-in-french-prisons-public-health-implications-anrs-coquelicot-survey-2011-2013
#4
Laurent Michel, Philippe Trouiller, Aude Chollet, Marie Molinier, Lucie Duchesne, Marie Jauffret-Roustide
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the prevalences of injection practices and needle/syringe sharing in people who use drugs in French prisons, and to investigate associated factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using the ANRS-Coquelicot survey (2011-2013), a random sample of 1718 people who used drugs in free society was included. Information regarding a history of incarceration, drug-injection practices inside prison and needle/syringe sharing was collected during interviews...
November 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082787/psychopathology-and-borderline-personality-pathology-associated-with-lifetime-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients-and-detainees
#5
Julian Koenig, Romuald Brunner, Johannes Michael Schmidt, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
OBJECTIVE: Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a widespread phenomenon among adolescent psychiatric inpatients. It is also reported among delinquent adolescents detained in correctional facilities. While previous studies have addressed different functions of SIB within offender populations, here we investigate particular patterns of borderline personality pathology and psychopathology underlying SIB in both adolescent psychiatric inpatients and detainees. METHOD: Adolescent psychiatric inpatients and detainees were recruited consecutively...
November 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945148/serological-susceptibility-to-varicella-among-u-s-immigration-and-customs-enforcement-detainees
#6
Aiden K Varan, Edith R Lederman, Shanon S Stous, Diana Elson, Jennifer L Freiman, Mona Marin, Adriana S Lopez, William M Stauffer, Rachael H Joseph, Stephen H Waterman
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is responsible for detaining unauthorized aliens during immigration proceedings. During 2014 to 2015, adult ICE detainees at a California facility were invited to complete a survey concerning self-reported varicella history and risk factors. Participants underwent serological testing for varicella-zoster virus (VZV) IgG; susceptible individuals were offered varicella vaccination. Among 400 detainees with available serology results, 48 (12%) were susceptible to varicella...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924450/comorbidities-and-correlates-of-conduct-disorder-among-male-juvenile-detainees-in-south-korea
#7
Bum-Sung Choi, Johanna Inhyang Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Bongseog Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the rate and distribution of comorbidities, severity of childhood maltreatment, and clinical characteristics of adolescents with conduct disorder detained in a juvenile detention center in South Korea. METHODS: In total, 173 juvenile detainees were recruited. We analyzed the distribution of psychiatric disorders among the sample and compared the rate of comorbidities between groups with and without conduct disorder...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844810/-respiratory-diseases-in-black-african-carceral-area
#8
Y Toloba, D Soumaré, K Ouattara, T Kanouté, O Boré, O Dolo, B Baya, G Berthé, S Diallo
INTRODUCTION: The measures for people in specific situations such as prisoners are part of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The objective of this study was to assess respiratory pathologies in a black African carceral center. METHODS: Retrospective study about the prevalence of respiratory pathologies in the arrest central house for men in Bamako (Mali), from May 2012 to April 2013. The admission records have served as data checking support on detainee's records...
September 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841492/neurocognitive-impairment-and-suicide-risk-among-prison-inmates
#9
Francesco Vadini, Giulio Calella, Alessandro Pieri, Elena Ricci, Mario Fulcheri, Maria Cristina Verrocchio, Alfredo De Risio, Antonina Sciacca, Francesca Santilli, Giustino Parruti
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, prisoners are at high risk of suicide. Reducing the number of suicides in jails and prisons is an international priority. Several risk factors for suicide attempts, such as historical, prison-related, psychosocial and clinical factors, have been found in prisoners. We assessed whether demographic, conviction-related and neuro-behavioral variables might be associated with current suicide risk and lifetime suicide attempts in two large central Italy prisons. METHODS: On a preliminary sample of 254 detainees within an ongoing project, we assessed whether demographic, conviction-related, psychiatric, cognitive variables and illness comorbidity might be associated with current suicide risk and lifetime suicide attempts in two large central Italy prisons...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692209/the-science-of-durban-aids-2016
#10
Chris Beyrer, Olive Shisana, Stefan D Baral, Koleka Milsana, Kenneth H Mayer, Anton Pozniak, Bruce D Walker, Souleman Mboup, Annette H Sohn, David Serwadda, Helen Rees, Sergii Dvoriak, Mitchell Warren, Safiatou Thiam, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Xavier Hospital, Owen Ryan, Nicolas Thomson, Linda-Gail Bekker
INTRODUCTION: The science presented at the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, in July 2016, addressed the state of the field across basic, clinical, prevention, law and policy and implementation science. METHODS AND RESULTS: The AIDS response has seen remarkable achievements in scientific advances, in translation of those advances into prevention, treatment and care for affected individuals and communities, and in large scale implementation - reaching 18 million people with antiviral therapy by mid-year 2016...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637536/mental-health-morbidity-among-people-subject-to-immigration-detention-in-the-uk-a-feasibility-study
#11
P Sen, J Arugnanaseelan, E Connell, C Katona, A A Khan, P Moran, K Robjant, K Slade, J Tan, K Widyaratna, J Youd, A Forrester
AIMS: The UK has one of the largest systems of immigration detention in Europe.. Those detained include asylum-seekers and foreign national prisoners, groups with a higher prevalence of mental health vulnerabilities compared with the general population. In light of little published research on the mental health status of detainees in immigration removal centres (IRCs), the primary aim of this study was to explore whether it was feasible to conduct psychiatric research in such a setting...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627923/examination-of-the-triarchic-assessment-procedure-for-inconsistent-responding-in-six-non-english-language-samples
#12
Shannon E Kelley, Josanne D M van Dongen, M Brent Donnellan, John F Edens, Hedwig Eisenbarth, Andrea Fossati, Katarina Howner, Antonella Somma, Karolina Sörman
The Triarchic Assessment Procedure for Inconsistent Responding (TAPIR; Mowle et al., 2016) was recently developed to identify inattentiveness or comprehension difficulties that may compromise the validity of responses on the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM; Patrick, 2010). The TAPIR initially was constructed and cross-validated using exclusively English-speaking participants from the United States; however, research using the TriPM has been increasingly conducted internationally, with numerous foreign language translations of the measure emerging...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607230/preventing-torture-for-people-deprived-of-freedom-the-atlantic-hope-and-black-swan-prison-model
#13
Ernest N Ogbozor, Mara L Schoeny, Andrew Baer
International law and minimum standards provide certain protection for detainees and prisoners of war (POW) against torture and ill-treatment. Places of detention and parties to conflicts are often monitored to ensure that they adhere to the required standards through, for example, visits to individual detainees and the assessment of facilities. However, monitoring between the point of arrest and eventual remand in prisons is largely inadequate. This paper explains an emerging model to enhance protection of prisoners through readiness training for prospective humanitarian personnel...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607229/recognition-and-treatment-of-law-enforcement-violence-against-detainees-and-prisoners-a-survey-among-israeli-physicians-and-medical-students
#14
Zvi Benninga, Bettina Steiner-Birmanns, Revital Arbel, Firas Abu Akar, Mushira Aboo Dia
INTRODUCTION: Physicians regularly encounter victims of violence. Although some at-risk groups are increasingly recognized as such, the risks faced by prisoners and detainees are often overlooked. The scope of violence against them is unknown and their treatment is often hampered by unique social and institutional impediments. This article reviews the need for improved recognition and protection of such patients and the associated obstacles, while presenting information on the experience, knowledge and attitudes of physicians in Israel regarding the maltreatment of prisoners and detainees...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568767/self-reported-mental-health-issues-among-arrestees-in-the-paris-france-area
#15
Camille Vidal, Aude Lepresle, Patrick Chariot
We studied (May-September 2014) all arrestees who reported mental health issues during the medical examination performed by a forensic physician for the assessment of fitness for detention. Among 4814 arrestees, 420 (9%) reported a current mental health issue. The suspected crimes among arrestees reporting a current mental health issue were more often related to violent behaviors (physical assault, 23% vs. 16%, p < 0.001, sexual assault, 3% vs. 1%, p = 0.01) and less often drug offenses (18% vs. 29%, p < 0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558580/assessing-an-individual-s-fitness-to-be-interviewed-in-police-custody
#16
Matthew Peel
Nurses working in police custody settings may be called on to assess a detainee's fitness to be interviewed by police, for example where the person is thought to have a mental disorder or vulnerability. This article outlines the role of the custody nurse in the fitness-to-interview assessment. This assessment is complex and multifaceted. It requires custody nurses to assess a detainee's medical, mental health, educational and social history, as well as any substance misuse. It should include a mental state examination and, where appropriate, a physical examination...
May 31, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542125/notes-from-the-field-measles-outbreak-at-a-united-states-immigration-and-customs-enforcement-facility-arizona-may-june-2016
#17
Heather Venkat, Ahmed M Kassem, Chia-Ping Su, Clancey Hill, Evan Timme, Graham Briggs, Kenneth Komatsu, Susan Robinson, Rebecca Sunenshine, Manisha Patel, Diana Elson, Paul Gastañaduy, Shane Brady
HASH(0x5365a50)
May 26, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506332/correspondence-analysis-to-evaluate-the-transmission-of-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-in-two-new-york-state-maximum-security-prisons
#18
M Befus, D V Mukherjee, C T A Herzig, F D Lowy, E Larson
Prisons/jails are thought to amplify the transmission of Staphylococcus aureus (SA) particularly methicillin-resistant SA infection and colonisation. Two independently pooled cross-sectional samples of detainees being admitted or discharged from two New York State maximum-security prisons were used to explore this concept. Private interviews of participants were conducted, during which the anterior nares and oropharynx were sampled and assessed for SA colonisation. Log-binomial regression and correspondence analysis (CA) were used to evaluate the prevalence of colonisation at entry as compared with discharge...
July 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494249/evaluation-of-problematic-psychoactive-substances-use-in-people-placed-in-police-custody
#19
Marie Gérardin, Gabriel Guigand, Laura Wainstein, Pascale Jolliet, Caroline Victorri-Vigneau, Renaud Clément
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: In France, the law states that any person held in custody could be examined by a doctor. The main objective of the medical examination is to give medical evidence of health compatibility with custody. This review identifies health risks such as addictive behaviour. We wanted to know which psychoactive substances are used in this particular population, and how problematic these uses are. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective, monocentric, open-ended study conducted via a structured questionnaire was carried out on detainees who reported having taken drugs or illegal substances...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464856/suicide-risk-among-prisoners-in-french-guiana-prevalence-and-predictive-factors
#20
Gülen Ayhan, Romain Arnal, Célia Basurko, Vincent About, Agathe Pastre, Eric Pinganaud, Dominique Sins, Louis Jehel, Bruno Falissard, Mathieu Nacher
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates in prison are high and their risk factors are incompletely understood. The objective of the present study is to measure the risk of suicide and its predictors in the only prison of multicultural French Guiana. METHODS: All new prisoners arriving between September 2013 and December 2014 were included. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) was used and socio-demographic data was collected. In order to identify the predictors of suicide risk multivariate logistic regression was used...
May 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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