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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434182/recent-trends-in-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-among-police-detainees-in-new-zealand-2010-2015
#1
Chris Wilkins, Jitesh Prasad, Karl Parker, Marta Rychert, Helen Moewaka Barnes
BACKGROUND: New Zealand has unusual patterns of recreational substance use by international standards including low levels of cocaine and heroin use, and high methamphetamine use. AIMS: This paper examines recent trends in alcohol and other drug use among police detainees in New Zealand over the past six years. METHOD: The paper utilises data from the New Zealand Arrestee Drug Use Monitoring (NZ-ADUM) study. NZ-ADUM interviewed approximately 800 police detainees each year at four central city police watch houses (i...
April 23, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365036/toward-a-useful-standard-for-hospitalizing-pretrial-jail-detainees
#2
REVIEW
Alan R Felthous
Severely mentally ill jail detainees require an adequate spectrum of mental health services during detainment. For some this means a limited period of treatment in a mental hospital, just as some mentally ill individuals in the community occasionally require hospital treatment. Unfortunately, this appropriate level of treatment is often denied or neglected for jail detainees with adverse consequences for them. Among the reasons for this neglect, may be standards for hospital transfer that are no longer practical and can be easily skirted by policymakers and administrators with little interest in ensuring this level of care for mentally ill jail inmates...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324096/medical-care-of-detainees-in-us-military-facilities-unspeakable-kindness
#3
Julio A Chalela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296470/more-declassified-evidence-implicates-cia-physicians-in-unethical-research
#4
Renée Llanusa-Cestero
In 2010, in an article in this journal, I argued that declassified documents implicated Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) physicians in the conduct of unethical research on enhanced interrogation using detainee subjects. The focus, then as now, is upon physicians at the Office of Medical Services (OMS). The 2010 article highlighted the heavily redacted "Draft OMS Guidelines on Medical and Psychological Support to Detainee Interrogations" (the Draft). This commentary focuses upon the recently declassified final version of that document revealing further culpable evidence of unethical human subject research...
2017: Accountability in Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284208/violent-victimization-and-health-service-utilization-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-context-a-comparison-between-offenders-with-mental-disorders-and-matched-controls
#5
Mats Persson, Henrik Belfrage, Marianne Kristiansson
BACKGROUND: Offenders with mental disorders constitute a particularly exposed group in society, with high rates of morbidity, mortality, and social deprivation. Often thought of primarily as perpetrators, these individuals may also be subjected to violence. Previous research indicates that violent victimization during lifespan is a risk factor for violent perpetration among psychiatric patients, but victimization studies on the group of offenders with mental disorders are scarce. Health services are pivotal to this group, but although most individuals do utilize these services, their vulnerability seems to remain...
March 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251621/burden-of-human-scabies-in-sub-saharan-african-prisons-evidence-from-the-west-region-of-cameroon
#6
Emmanuel Armand Kouotou, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Abdoulaye Sangare, Léonnelle-Lynda Moguieu Bogne, Isidore Sieleunou, Hugues Adegbidi, Joël Tameyi Tatsa, Roger Moyou Somo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is little data on the profile and magnitude of scabies in sub-Saharan African prisons. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence and determinants of scabies in prisons of the west region of Cameroon. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from March to August 2014, and consecutively recruited volunteer detainees of three randomly selected prisons in the West Region of Cameroon. The diagnosis was based on clinical findings after assessment by two experienced and well-trained dermatologists...
March 1, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125302/psychological-distress-among-re-education-through-labour-camp-detainees-in-guangxi-autonomous-region-china
#7
Lorraine Yap, Su Shu, Lei Zhang, Wei Liu, Yi Chen, Zunyou Wu, Jianghong Li, Handan Wand, Basil Donovan, Tony Butler
BACKGROUND: There is currently no information about the prevalence of, and factors contributing to psychological distress experienced by re-education through labour camp detainees in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional face-to-face survey was conducted in three labour camps in Guangxi, China. The questionnaire covered socio-demographic characteristics; sexually transmissible infections (STIs); drug use; psychological distress (K-10); and health service usage and access inside the labour camps...
February 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115987/prevalence-of-psychiatric-disorders-comorbidity-patterns-and-repeat-offending-among-male-juvenile-detainees-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Johanna Inhyang Kim, Bongseog Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Soon-Beom Hong, Dong Woo Lee, Ju-Young Chung, Ji Young Choi, Bum-Sung Choi, Young-Rim Oh, Miwon Youn
BACKGROUND: High rates of psychiatric disorders and comorbidities have been reported in juvenile detainees, and both phenomena are thought to contribute to repeat offending. However, research on this topic has been limited in Asian countries, like South Korea. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, comorbidity patterns, and the relationship between psychiatric disorders and repeat offending among a cross-section of youths detained in a male juvenile detention center in South Korea...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103840/more-than-eight-in-every-nineteen-inmates-were-living-with-depression-at-prisons-of-northwest-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study-design
#9
Teresa Kisi Beyen, Abel Fikadu Dadi, Berihun Assefa Dachew, Niguse Yigzaw Muluneh, Telake Azale Bisetegn
BACKGROUND: Mental health is the greatest challenges for the current and future generations. Worldwide, out of the 66 million people suffering from depression; majority (85%) were from low and middle income countries. The prevalence was more common among the prisons population than the community. However, a worldwide consideration given to the problems is very low, particularly for prisoners. METHODS: To assess level of depression and associated factors among prisoners in prisons of Northwest Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, Institutional based cross sectional study was employed on 727 prisoners selected by multistage random sampling from three prisons of northwest Amhara...
January 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013479/idling-in-mao-s-shadow-heroin-addiction-and-the-contested-therapeutic-value-of-socialist-traditions-of-laboring
#10
Nicholas Bartlett
The Chinese government has come under attack by international critics for forcing drug users to labor in the name of treatment. While joining these activists in criticizing conditions in compulsory labor centers, former detainees who congregated at a drop-in center in southern Yunnan also defended the therapeutic potential of socialist legacies of laboring. Shuttling between laboring in state compulsory centers and idling in a market economy, long-term heroin users saw their difficulties in recovering from addiction as inextricably linked to their inability to find suitable work opportunities...
December 24, 2016: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008614/unfitness-for-detention-among-arrestees-with-suspected-mental-disorders-in-paris-france
#11
Aude Lepresle, Camille Vidal, Eric Mairesse, Patrick Chariot
In this retrospective study (11/2013-04/2014), we aimed to identify the factors associated with psychiatric hospitalization among detainees in police custody. We included 137 patients (M/F, 74%/26%; median age, 37 years), and 125 (91%) had a mental disorder. Seventy-seven patients (56%) had involuntary hospitalization. Sixty patients (44%) were declared fit for detention, and 48 (80%) of these patients had a mental disorder. All patients who required urgent psychiatric care and could not provide valid consent for care were declared as requiring involuntary hospitalization...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909935/nation-narration-and-health-in-mohamedou-ould-slahi-s-guant%C3%A3-namo-diary
#12
Neil Krishan Aggarwal
Scholars have mostly analyzed information from mental health practitioners, attorneys, and institutions to critique mental health practices in the War on Terror. These sources offer limited insights into the suffering of detainees. Detainee accounts provide novel information based on their experiences at Guantánamo. Mohamedou Ould Slahi's Guantánamo Diary is the only text from a current detainee that provides a first-person account of his interrogations and interactions with health professionals. Despite being advertised as a diary, however, it has undergone redaction from American government officials...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908672/forensic-age-estimation-in-anti-piracy-trials-in-seychelles-experiences-and-challenges-faced
#13
S A Gunawardena, U A Liyanage, J B Weeratna, N D N A Mendis, H J M Perera, R W Jayasekara, R Fernando
Forensic age estimation (FAE) was conducted using a multifactorial method on thirteen Somali detainees claiming juvenile status during the anti-piracy trials of the Seychelles Supreme Court in 2014/2015. A multidisciplinary team, comprising of four of the authors covering specialties in forensic medicine, forensic odontology and radiology, conducted the FAE using a five-stage protocol. Each detainee was interviewed with an interpreter and examined for disorders affecting dental/skeletal development and for assessment of genital development through Tanner staging...
November 14, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857515/the-ethics-of-the-relation-between-the-convicted-patient-and-the-physician
#14
Cristian Gherman, Ovidiu Chiroban, Dan Perju-Dumbrava
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Approaching the convicted patient is a topical issue in terms of alignment with EU provisions and recommendations, more so in the context of year by year increase in the number of convicts and consequently, prison patients. The prison patient exhibits increased vulnerability in regard to the rest of the convicts due to his/her medical status overlapping personality changes induced, while coping with a new environment. This represents a challenge for the physicians involved in the expertise process, which must act objectively within the limits and by the principles of professional ethics, while confronting a patient influenced by the prison environment...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855322/standardizing-psycho-medical-torture-during-the-war-on-terror-why-it-happened-how-it-happened-and-why-it-didn-t-work
#15
Myles Balfe
After 9/11/2001 the United States launched a global War on Terror. As part of this War, terrorism suspects were detained by the U.S. military and by the C.I.A. It is now widely recognized that the United States tortured a number of these detainees in the context of its 'enhanced interrogation' programme. This article examines how and why U.S. organizations developed standards that allowed healthcare professionals to become involved in torture; why the standards developed by U.S. security institutions failed to control the actions of enhanced interrogation personnel on the ground; and what the role of standards were in stopping the enhanced interrogation initiative...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852256/health-conditions-of-inmates-in-italy
#16
Fabio Voller, Caterina Silvestri, Gianrocco Martino, Eleonora Fanti, Giorgio Bazzerla, Fabio Ferrari, Marco Grignani, Sandro Libianchi, Antonio Maria Pagano, Franco Scarpa, Cristina Stasi, Teresa Di Fiandra
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that prison is characterized by a higher prevalence of chronic diseases than unconfined settings. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and health of inmates, focusing on internal diseases. METHODS: We designed a specific clinical record using the Python programming language. We considered all of the diagnoses according to the ICD-9-CM. RESULTS: Of a total of 17,086 inmates, 15,751 were enrolled in our study (M = 14,835; F = 869), corresponding to 92...
November 16, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822303/emotional-dysregulation-and-trauma-predicting-psychopathy-dimensions-in-female-and-male-juvenile-offenders
#17
Kathrin Sevecke, Sebastian Franke, David Kosson, Maya Krischer
BACKGROUND: Psychopathy is a specific syndrome that predicts future violent and aggressive behavior in adults. Studies in youth and adults have demonstrated a strong association between early traumatic incidents and later dissocial behavior. Moreover, the impact of personality pathology and emotional dysregulation on aggressive and violent behavior is well established. However, few studies have addressed the relationship between early traumatization and psychopathic traits in adolescents...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758729/evaluating-a-social-problem-solving-intervention-for-juvenile-detainees-depressive-outcomes-and-moderators-of-effectiveness
#18
Gerald J Haeffel, Sascha Hein, Amanda Square, Donna Macomber, Maria Lee, John Chapman, Elena L Grigorenko
This study reports findings from the administration of a social problem-solving training (SPST) intervention to juvenile detainees in the Connecticut Youth Detainee Program. SPST is a cognitive behavioral intervention that teaches children and youth how to more effectively cope with interpersonal stress and conflict. In the current study, we tested whether SPST could decrease depressive symptoms in a sample of detained adolescent offenders. The study used a randomized-control design with detention staff administering the intervention...
October 19, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755988/eight-years-of-psychiatric-examination-of-detainees-by-forensic-physicians-in-the-netherlands
#19
Karen E van den Hondel, Anne Linde Saaltink, Peter Paul M Bender
BACKGROUND: Forensic physicians are responsible for first-line medical care of detainees (individuals held in custody) in the police station. The Dutch police law contains a 'duty of care', which gives the police responsibility for the apparent mentally ill and/or confused people they encounter during their work. The police can ask a forensic physician to do a primary psychiatric assessment of any apparent mentally ill detainee. The forensic physician determines if the apparent mentally ill behavior of the detainee is due to a somatic illness, or has a psychiatric cause for which the detainee needs admission to a psychiatric hospital...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705089/drug-initiation-of-female-detainees-in-a-compulsory-drug-treatment-institution-in-china
#20
Liu Liu, Suh Chen Hsiao, Charles Kaplan
This study explored drug initiation among 46 Chinese women in a compulsory drug treatment institution. The study adopted a mixed method with a strong emphasis on qualitative techniques to capture the perspectives of women in long-term treatment regarding their drug initiation experiences. A complementary analysis of quantitative data was used to help interpret, refine, deepen, and extend qualitative findings. Participants were divided into two groups according to their main drug of choice: 27 used methamphetamines and 19 used heroin (11 of them used methamphetamines occasionally)...
November 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
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