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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028567/accessibility-of-prison-healthcare-for-elderly-inmates-a-qualitative-assessment
#1
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
Aging in custody and the rising population of elderly prisoners are creating compelling challenges for criminal justice, prison and public healthcare systems. Geriatric syndrome and higher prevalence of co-morbidities amongst older inmates result in heightened vulnerability in prison environments. Empirical research addressing older adults' access to medical care in detention is scarce; therefore, this study assessed access to medical care in prison from the perspective of older prisoners in Switzerland. We interviewed a sample of 35 older inmates (average age 61 years) on their experience of healthcare accessibility in prison; data were qualitatively analysed and major themes regarding evaluation of their access to medical services were extracted...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017049/exploiting-the-hidden-treasure-of-detained-introns
#2
Xiang-Dong Fu
Many mammalian genes contain poorly spliced introns, resulting in nuclear detention of partially spliced transcripts, which may be exploited to modulate gene expression. In this issue of Cancer Cell, Braun et al. report that the arginine methyltransferase PRMT5 is critical for tumor cell proliferation by regulating numerous detained introns.
October 9, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016621/epidemic-dispersion-of-hiv-and-hcv-in-a-population-of-co-infected-romanian-injecting-drug-users
#3
Simona Paraschiv, Leontina Banica, Ionelia Nicolae, Iulia Niculescu, Adrian Abagiu, Raluca Jipa, Andrea-Clemencia Pineda-Peña, Marta Pingarilho, Emil Neaga, Kristof Theys, Pieter Libin, Dan Otelea, Ana Abecasis
Co-infections with HIV and HCV are very frequent among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, very few studies comparatively reconstructed the transmission patterns of both viruses in the same population. We have recruited 117 co-infected PWID during a recent HIV outbreak in Romania. Phylogenetic analyses were performed on HIV and HCV sequences in order to characterize and compare transmission dynamics of the two viruses. Three large HIV clusters (2 subtype F1 and one CRF14_BG) and thirteen smaller HCV transmission networks (genotypes 1a, 1b, 3a, 4a and 4d) were identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987051/financing-of-forensic-psychiatry-in-view-of-treatment-quality-and-threat-to-public-safety
#4
REVIEW
Janusz Heitzman, Inga Markiewicz
Stay in a psychiatric hospital of persons who committed the gravest criminal acts while in a state of insanity aims to ensure their effective treatment (therapeutic function), but above all to prevent the repetition of prohibited acts of significant harm to the community (preventive function). Forensic patients are provided with suitable medical, psychiatric, rehabilitation and resocialization care. The court imposes an indefinite detention. In view of the dual purpose of the stay in a psychiatric hospital, both therapeutic and preventive, the treatment costs generated by forensic wards are higher than those of general psychiatric wards...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970370/emergency-department-and-hospital-use-among-adolescents-with-justice-system-involvement
#5
Tyler N A Winkelman, Inginia Genao, Christopher Wildeman, Emily A Wang
OBJECTIVES: Adolescents with justice system involvement have high rates of physical and behavioral health disorders and are potentially high users of costly health care services. We examined emergency department (ED) and hospital use among a national sample of adolescents with various levels of justice involvement. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis using the 2009 to 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. We included adolescents aged 12 to 17 and used multivariable logistic and negative binomial regression models, adjusting for sociodemographic and health differences, to compare ED and hospital use among adolescents with and without justice involvement...
October 2, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954150/-prevalence-and-violence-associated-factors-in-the-work-environment-of-female-prison-guards-in-brazil
#6
Marcelo José Monteiro Ferreira, Raimunda Hermelinda Maia Macena, Rosa Maria Salani Mota, Roberto da Justa Pires, Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, Luiza Jane Eyre Sousa Vieira, Bernard Carl Kendall, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
This article aims to estimate the prevalence and violence-associated factors in the work environment of female correctional officers in Brazil. A cross-sectional, analytical study was conducted in 15 female correctional facilities in Brazil's five regions. Pearson's chi-square test was performed. The Odds Ratio and Confidence Intervals were estimated for factors that showed a significant association or were confounding factors. The prevalence of having experienced at least one violent occurrence during professional duty as an officer was 28...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950670/rainwater-harvesting-in-catchments-for-agro-forestry-uses-a-study-focused-on-the-balance-between-sustainability-values-and-storage-capacity
#7
D P S Terêncio, L F Sanches Fernandes, R M V Cortes, J P Moura, F A L Pacheco
Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is used to support small-scale agriculture and handle seasonal water availability, especially in regions where populations are scattered or the costs to develop surface or groundwater resources are high. However, questions may arise as whether this technique can support larger-scale irrigation projects and in complement help the struggle against wildfires in agro-forested watersheds. The issue is relevant because harvested rainwater in catchments is usually accumulated in small-capacity reservoirs created by small-height dams...
September 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948929/illnesses-of-isolation-detention-of-asylum-seekers
#8
Georgina Kenyon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942751/modifiable-risk-factors-for-external-cause-mortality-after-release-from-prison-a-nested-case-control-study
#9
M J Spittal, S Forsyth, R Borschmann, J T Young, S A Kinner
AIM: People released from prison are at higher risk of mortality from potentially preventable causes than their peers in the general population. Because most studies of this phenomenon are reliant on registry data, there is little health and behavioural information available on those at risk, hampering the development of targeted, evidence-based preventive responses. Our aim was to identify modifiable risk and protective factors for external cause and cause-specific mortality after release from prison...
September 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924450/comorbidities-and-correlates-of-conduct-disorder-among-male-juvenile-detainees-in-south-korea
#10
Bum-Sung Choi, Johanna Inhyang Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Bongseog Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the rate and distribution of comorbidities, severity of childhood maltreatment, and clinical characteristics of adolescents with conduct disorder detained in a juvenile detention center in South Korea. METHODS: In total, 173 juvenile detainees were recruited. We analyzed the distribution of psychiatric disorders among the sample and compared the rate of comorbidities between groups with and without conduct disorder...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917180/learning-from-the-operation-pathology-and-maintenance-of-a-bioretention-system-to-optimize-urban-drainage-practices
#11
Marina Batalini de Macedo, Altair Rosa, César Ambrogi Ferreira do Lago, Eduardo Mario Mendiondo, Vladimir Caramori Borges de Souza
LID practices for runoff control are increasingly being used as an integrated solution in urban drainage, helping to achieve hydrological balance close to the pre-urbanized period and decrease the diffuse pollution transported to urban rivers. Regarding bioretention, there is already broad knowledge about the detention of peak flows and their treatment capacity for many pollutants. However, there are still few field studies in microdrainage scale, which analyze the actual operation of these devices and raise common problems found, especially in subtropical climate...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905247/risky-sex-in-high-risk-adolescents-associations-with-alcohol-use-marijuana-use-and-co-occurring-use
#12
Arielle S Gillman, Elizabeth A Yeater, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Alberta S Kong, Angela D Bryan
Risky sexual behavior and substance use appear to be interconnected behaviors among adolescents, but data are scarce regarding the extent to which sexual risk behavior is associated with high levels of marijuana and alcohol use, both separately and in combination. 301 adolescents were recruited from a short-term detention facility, and substance use and risky sexual behavior were assessed. We found that adolescents who frequently used marijuana, but not alcohol, reported significantly less risky sex as well as greater intentions to use condoms than either adolescents who frequently used alcohol, but not marijuana, or adolescents who frequently used both substances...
September 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898938/characterization-of-wash-off-from-urban-impervious-surfaces-and-suds-design-criteria-for-source-control-under-semi-arid-conditions
#13
Ignacio Andrés-Doménech, Carmen Hernández-Crespo, Miguel Martín, Valerio C Andrés-Valeri
Knowledge about pollutant wash-off from urban impervious surfaces is a key feature for developing effective management strategies. Accordingly, further information is required about urban areas under semi-arid climate conditions at the sub-catchment scale. This is important for designing source control systems for pollution. In this study, a characterization of pollutant wash-off has been performed over sixteen months, at the sub-catchment scale for urban roads as impervious surfaces. The study was conducted in Valencia, Spain, a city with a Mediterranean climate...
September 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878871/a-behavioral-and-serological-survey-on-hiv-prevalence-among-prisoners-in-benin
#14
S Hessou, V Dougnon, Y Glele-Ahanhanzo, B C A Imorou, C Ahoussinou, B Legba, D M Zannou, L Baba-Moussa
Cases of HIV are common in Benin, with infection rates varying according to socioeconomic and cultural factors, and by region. Certain segments of the population, such as prison inmates, sex worker clients and truck drivers are at high risk for HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study is to identify which behavioral and serological indicators contribute to the spread of HIV among prisoners. A total of 496 inmates from prisons located in all major cities in Benin were surveyed. Data was collected through interview sessions carried out using a questionnaire and through blood samples...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855022/simulation-of-rainfall-runoff-response-in-ecological-swale-with-on-line-subsurface-detention-using-infoworks-sd
#15
Hamed Benisi Ghadim, Lai Sai Hin
  The Bio-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS) is a sustainable drainage (SUDS) to demonstrate the 'control at source' approaches for urban stormwater management in Malaysia. It is an environmentally friendly drainage system that was designed to increase infiltration, reduce peak flow at outlet, improve water quality, through different BMPs, such as grass swale, retention pond, etc. A special feature of BIOECODS is ecological swale with on-line subsurface detention. This study attempted to create a model of ecological swale with on-line subsurface conveyance system with InfoWorks SD...
September 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841492/neurocognitive-impairment-and-suicide-risk-among-prison-inmates
#16
Francesco Vadini, Giulio Calella, Alessandro Pieri, Elena Ricci, Mario Fulcheri, Maria Cristina Verrocchio, Alfredo De Risio, Antonina Sciacca, Francesca Santilli, Giustino Parruti
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, prisoners are at high risk of suicide. Reducing the number of suicides in jails and prisons is an international priority. Several risk factors for suicide attempts, such as historical, prison-related, psychosocial and clinical factors, have been found in prisoners. We assessed whether demographic, conviction-related and neuro-behavioral variables might be associated with current suicide risk and lifetime suicide attempts in two large central Italy prisons. METHODS: On a preliminary sample of 254 detainees within an ongoing project, we assessed whether demographic, conviction-related, psychiatric, cognitive variables and illness comorbidity might be associated with current suicide risk and lifetime suicide attempts in two large central Italy prisons...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830383/midwives-and-patients-perspectives-on-disrespect-and-abuse-during-labor-and-delivery-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#17
Sahai Burrowes, Sarah Jane Holcombe, Dube Jara, Danielle Carter, Katheryn Smith
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly recognized that disrespect and abuse of women during labor and delivery is a violation of a woman's rights and a deterrent to the use of life-saving, facility-based labor and delivery services. In Ethiopia, rates of skilled birth attendance are still only 28% despite a recent dramatic national scale up in the numbers of trained providers and facilities. Concerns have been raised that womens' perceptions of poor quality of care and fear of mistreatment might contribute to this low utilization...
August 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803503/hiv-testing-and-awareness-of-hiv-status-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-greater-kuala-lumpur-malaysia
#18
Alexander R Bazazi, Aishwarya Vijay, Forrest W Crawford, Robert Heimer, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
HIV testing services are the gateway into HIV treatment and are critical for monitoring the epidemic. HIV testing is recommended at least annually in high-risk populations, including people who inject drugs (PWID). In Malaysia, the HIV epidemic is concentrated among PWID, but their adherence to testing recommendations and the proportion of HIV-positive PWID who are aware of their status remain unknown. We recruited 460 PWID in Greater Kuala Lumpur using respondent-driven sampling and conducted HIV testing. We examined past testing behaviors, estimating testing frequency, correlates of testing in the past 12 months, and the proportion of those living with HIV who were aware of their status...
August 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803153/comparison-of-sediment-and-nutrient-export-and-runoff-characteristics-from-watersheds-with-centralized-versus-distributed-stormwater-management
#19
Kristina G Hopkins, J V Loperfido, Laura S Craig, Gregory B Noe, Dianna M Hogan
Stormwater control measures (SCMs) are used to retain stormwater and pollutants. SCMs have traditionally been installed in a centralized manner using detention to mitigate peak flows. Recently, distributed SCM networks that treat runoff near the source have been increasingly utilized. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences among watersheds that vary in SCM arrangement by assessing differences in baseflow nutrient (NOx-N and PO4(-)) concentrations and fluxes, stormflow export of suspended sediments and particulate phosphorus (PP), and runoff characteristics...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794237/prolonged-immigration-detention-complicity-and-boycotts
#20
Melanie Jansen, Alanna Sue Tin, David Isaacs
Australia's punitive policy towards people seeking asylum deliberately causes severe psychological harm and meets recognised definitions of torture. Consequently, there is a tension between doctors' obligation not to be complicit in torture and doctors' obligation to provide best possible care to their patients, including those seeking asylum. In this paper, we explore the nature of complicity and discuss the arguments for and against a proposed call for doctors to boycott working in immigration detention. We conclude that a degree of complicity is unavoidable when working in immigration detention, but that it may be ethically justifiable...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
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