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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661107/implementation-of-health-information-exchange-at-the-pima-county-adult-detention-complex-lessons-learned
#1
Alyssa Hinchman, Sara Hodges, James Backus, Terri Warholak
Successful transition of patients between health care entities is difficult. Historically, the process of transitioning individuals through the corrections system with regard to health care was made even more challenging by the limitation of paper records. Recently, the advent of electronic medical records has improved health care nationwide. The use of health information exchange (HIE) systems in areas such as emergency medicine has also impacted patient outcomes. To date, this technology has not been used in the corrections system...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617598/health-social-movements-and-australian-immigration-detention
#2
Ryan Essex
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606527/a-comparison-of-international-drunk-driving-policies-and-the-role-of-drinking-patterns
#3
Wan-Ju Cheng, Li-Chung Pien
INTRODUCTION: Effective drunk-driving policies are not adopted consistently in many countries. To understand how drinking behaviors influence national drunk-driving policymaking, the associations between drunk-driving policies and country-level drinking volumes and patterns were examined. METHODS: Data for 194 countries were obtained from the WHO 2012 Global Information System on Alcohol and Health. Country-level drinking behaviors were measured using average drinking volumes and patterns of drinking scores based on six attributes of risky drinking...
March 29, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599131/hunger-strike-renews-concerns-over-health-in-uk-detention-centres
#4
EDITORIAL
Erin Dexter, Cornelius Katona
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584625/association-of-overcrowding-and-turnover-with-self-harm-in-a-swiss-pre-trial-prison
#5
Stéphanie Baggio, Laurent Gétaz, Nguyen Toan Tran, Nicolas Peigné, Komal Chacowry Pala, Diane Golay, Patrick Heller, Patrick Bodenmann, Hans Wolff
Self-harm is a common issue in detention and includes both suicidal and non-suicidal behaviours. Beyond well-known individual risk factors, institutional factors such as overcrowding (i.e., when the prison population exceeds its capacity) and turnover (i.e., the rate at which the prison population is renewed), may also increase the risk of self-harm. However, these factors are understudied or previous studies reported inconsistent findings. This study investigated the association of self-harm with overcrowding and turnover in the largest pre-trial Swiss prison in Geneva...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571072/european-psychiatric-association-epa-guidance-on-forensic-psychiatry-evidence-based-assessment-and-treatment-of-mentally-disordered-offenders
#6
Birgit A Völlm, Martin Clarke, Vicenç Tort Herrando, Allan O Seppänen, Paweł Gosek, Janusz Heitzman, Erik Bulten
Forensic psychiatry in Europe is a specialty primarily concerned with individuals who have either offended or present a risk of doing so, and who also suffer from a psychiatric condition. These mentally disordered offenders (MDOs) are often cared for in secure psychiatric environments or prisons. In this guidance paper we first present an overview of the field of forensic psychiatry from a European perspective. We then present a review of the literature summarising the evidence on the assessment and treatment of MDOs under the following headings: The forensic psychiatrist as expert witness, risk, treatment settings for mentally disordered offenders, and what works for MDOs...
March 20, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566557/mental-health-of-unaccompanied-asylum-seeking-adolescents-previously-held-in-british-detention-centres
#7
Kimberly A Ehntholt, David Trickey, Jean Harris Hendriks, Hannah Chambers, Mark Scott, William Yule
AIM: To investigate whether the mental health of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) was negatively affected by having their ages disputed and being detained. METHOD: Participants within this cross-sectional study were 35 UASC, aged between 13 and 17 when they were detained. Some years later, a team of child mental health professionals interviewed them to assess their current mental health and to determine, as far as possible, the impact that having their age disputed and being detained may have had on their mental health...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564156/-rowing-against-the-current-the-policy-process-and-effects-of-removing-user-fees-for-caesarean-sections-in-benin
#8
Jean-Paul Dossou, Jenny A Cresswell, Patrick Makoutodé, Vincent De Brouwere, Sophie Witter, Veronique Filippi, Lydie G Kanhonou, Sourou B Goufodji, Isabelle L Lange, Lionel Lawin, Fabien Affo, Bruno Marchal
Background: In 2009, the Benin government introduced a user fee exemption policy for caesarean sections. We analyse this policy with regard to how the existing ideas and institutions related to user fees influenced key steps of the policy cycle and draw lessons that could inform the policy dialogue for universal health coverage in the West African region. Methods: Following the policy stages model, we analyse the agenda setting, policy formulation and legitimation phase, and assess the implementation fidelity and policy results...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563249/balance-between-mat2a-intron-detention-and-splicing-is-determined-co-transcriptionally
#9
Kathryn E Pendleton, Sung Kyun Park, Olga V Hunter, Stefan M Bresson, Nicholas K Conrad
Transcriptome analysis of human cells has revealed that intron retention controls the expression of a large number of genes with diverse cellular functions. Detained introns (DI) constitute a subgroup of transcripts with retained introns that are not exported to the cytoplasm but instead remain in the nucleus. Previous studies reported that the splicing of DIs in the CLK1 transcript are posttranscriptionally induced to produce mature mRNA in the absence of new transcription. Thus, CLK1-DI serves as a precursor or "reservoir" for the CLK1 mRNA...
March 21, 2018: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562798/-we-all-come-together-to-learn-about-music-1-a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-5-year-music-program-in-a-juvenile-detention-facility
#10
Maud Hickey
The purpose of this long-term qualitative study was to uncover evidence that might support components of positive youth development (PYD) in a music composition program at an urban youth detention center. The constructs of PYD come from self-determination theory-competence, autonomy, and relatedness-and formed the theoretical lens from which the data were analyzed. Over a period of 5 years, more than 700 youth participated in the program and created primarily rap music compositions. Comments from their feedback, as well as interviews, were analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554240/epidemiology-of-hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-viral-hepatitis-and-tuberculosis-among-incarcerated-transgender-people-a-case-of-limited-data
#11
Tonia C Poteat, Mannat Malik, Chris Beyrer
Transgender people experience a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and incarceration. Discrimination, victimization, poverty, and poor mental health drive vulnerability to HIV and related infections, as well as risk of arrest, detention, and incarceration. In this paper, we systematically review published data on HIV, sexually transmitted infections, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis among incarcerated transgender people; describe potential structural determinants of HIV risk and transmission; identify gaps in the literature; and make recommendations for research and interventions to address this neglected population...
March 15, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552376/everyday-discrimination-among-african-american-men-the-impact-of-criminal-justice-contact
#12
Robert Joseph Taylor, Reuben Miller, Dawne Mouzon, Verna M Keith, Linda M Chatters
The present study examined the impact of criminal justice contact on experiences of everyday discrimination among a national sample of African American men. African American men have a high likelihood of being targets of major discrimination, as well as experiencing disproportionate contact with the criminal justice system. Few studies, however, examine everyday discrimination (e.g., commonplace social encounters of unfair treatment) among this group. Using data from the National Survey of American Life, we provide a descriptive assessment of different types of everyday discrimination among African American men...
2018: Race and Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549378/screening-tests-reveal-high-risk-among-adjudicated-adolescents-of-auditory-processing-and-language-disorders
#13
Deborah Moncrieff, Elizabeth Miller, Earl Hill
Purpose: The study investigated the prevalence of risk factors for auditory processing and language disorders among adolescents residing at a local juvenile detention center. Method: A total of 782 adjudicated adolescents with normal hearing were screened with the Randomized Dichotic Digits Test (Strouse & Wilson, 1999) and the Dichotic Words Test (Moncrieff, 2015). A subset of 420 of those adolescents was also screened with the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals (CELF; Semel, Wiig, & Secord, 2003)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548495/migrants-in-unlimited-detention-according-to-section-63-of-the-german-penal-code-results-from-the-german-federal-state-of-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg
#14
Jan Bulla, Freya Rzodeczko, Jan Querengässer, Klaus Hoffmann, Thomas Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547077/testing-gender-differentiated-models-of-the-mechanisms-linking-polyvictimization-and-youth-offending-numbing-and-callousness-versus-dissociation-and-borderline-traits
#15
Patricia K Kerig, Crosby A Modrowski
The increasing prevalence of girls in the juvenile justice system suggests the importance of examining whether models of adolescent offending are differentiated by gender. Polyvictimization has emerged as a robust predictor of youth justice involvement, especially for girls, and research exploring mechanisms underlying the link between polyvictimization and offending suggests further gender differences in that callous-unemotional (CU) traits have been implicated in samples of boys whereas borderline personality (BP) traits have been implicated amongst girls...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544377/does-juvenile-detention-impact-health
#16
Titilola Balogun, Catherine Troisi, Michael D Swartz, Linda Lloyd, Rebecca Beyda
Youth involved in the juvenile justice system represent a medically underserved population. Recidivist youth have poorer health outcomes compared to youth detained for the first time. This study determined differences in immunization history, substance use, mental health symptoms, and sexual behavior between recidivist youth and first-time detainees following improvements in intake screenings at a large, urban juvenile detention center in the Southeastern United States. Multivariable logistic regression analysis found that recidivist youth had significantly higher acellular pertussis immunization rates compared with first-time detainees (odds ratio [ OR] = 3...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538499/-mental-health-of-adolescents-in-the-juvenile-detention-system-the-relationship-between-the-system-s-staff-and-external-mental-health-services
#17
Débora Stephanie Ribeiro, Fernanda Mendes Lages Ribeiro, Suely Ferreira Deslandes
The aim of this article is to analyze how professionals in the mental health teams of the juvenile detention system in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, perceive the relations with the external Network of Psychosocial Care in dealing with mental health issues in adolescents serving time in juvenile detention centers. Nine interviews were held with mental health professionals in the system, and the results were presented with Fairclough's critical discourse analysis as the reference. The results were organized in three parts: the relationship between the juvenile detention system's mental health teams and the external services, difficulties experienced by the teams from the detention centers and the external network's services, and prospects and proposals...
March 12, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530041/syrian-refugees-in-greece-experience-with-violence-mental-health-status-and-access-to-information-during-the-journey-and-while-in-greece
#18
Jihane Ben Farhat, Karl Blanchet, Pia Juul Bjertrup, Apostolos Veizis, Clément Perrin, Rebecca M Coulborn, Philippe Mayaud, Sandra Cohuet
BACKGROUND: Since 2015, Europe has been facing an unprecedented arrival of refugees and migrants: more than one million people entered via land and sea routes. During their travels, refugees and migrants often face harsh conditions, forced detention, and violence in transit countries. However, there is a lack of epidemiological quantitative evidence on their experiences and the mental health problems they face during their displacement. We aimed to document the types of violence experienced by migrants and refugees during their journey and while settled in Greece, and to measure the prevalence of anxiety disorders and access to legal information and procedures...
March 13, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529593/physical-neglect-in-childhood-as-a-predictor-of-violent-behavior-in-adolescent-males
#19
William M McGuigan, Jack A Luchette, Roxanne Atterholt
Research has established that childhood maltreatment experiences are associated with negative outcomes in adolescence, including violent and antisocial behavior (Chapple et al., 2005). Neglect is the most prevalent form of childhood maltreatment (U.S. DHHS, 2012), the consequences of which require further investigation. This study used archival data to explore whether childhood physical neglect increased the likelihood of violent behavior in a random sample of 85 males between the ages of 12-19 held at a long-term detention facility in the Northeastern United States...
March 9, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513586/why-it-is-important-to-promote-clinical-independence-among-health-professionals-working-in-prisons-jails-and-other-detention-settings
#20
Matthew K Wynia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal of Public Health
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