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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720011/facial-emotion-recognition-and-empathy-in-employees-at-a-juvenile-detention-center
#1
Luz Anyela Morales Quintero, Jairo Muñoz-Delgado, José Carlos Sánchez-Ferrer, Ana Fresán, Martin Brüne, Iván Arango de Montis
Numerous studies have shown that emotion recognition is impaired in individuals with a history of violent offenses, especially in those diagnosed with psychopathy. However, in criminological contexts, there is insufficient research regarding the role of empathy and facial emotion recognition abilities of personnel employed in correction centers. Accordingly, we sought to explore facial emotion recognition abilities and empathy in administrative officers and security guards at a center for institutionalized juvenile offenders...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715984/cost-of-an-integrated-care-program-to-reduce-ed-visits-during-diabetic-prisoner-court-hearings
#2
Tim Pauley, Joy Matienzo, Joseph Ventura, Josie Barbita
Diabetic events occurring during court hearings previously required emergency medical services (EMS) transport to the emergency department (ED). A new process was implemented whereby the provincial court (PC) was notified by the detention center of diabetes status of prisoners scheduled for court later that day, enabling a community nursing services provider to provide on-site diabetes assessment and treatment at the PC. During the 13-month pre-implementation phase, there were 10 incidents of diabetic distress resulting in an ED visit at a total cost of $797...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715777/regular-cannabis-and-alcohol-use-is-associated-with-resting-state-time-course-power-spectra-in-incarcerated-adolescents
#3
Sandra Thijssen, Barnaly Rashid, Shruti Gopal, Prashanth Nyalakanti, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
Cannabis and alcohol are believed to have widespread effects on the brain. Although adolescents are at increased risk for substance use, the adolescent brain may also be particularly vulnerable to the effects of drug exposure due to its rapid maturation. Here, we examined the association between cannabis and alcohol use duration and resting-state functional connectivity in a large sample of male juvenile delinquents. The present sample was drawn from the Southwest Advanced Neuroimaging Cohort, Youth sample, and from a youth detention facility in Wisconsin...
July 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709048/intentional-burn-injury-assessment-of-allegations-of-self-infliction
#4
Juliet Cohen, Jo Pettitt, Emily Wilbourn
This study investigates the question of whether there is evidence that suggests the possibility of self-infliction, or self-infliction by proxy, of burn injury among a group of asylum claimants in the UK who have attributed such injuries to torture, and how such evidence might be assessed. The question arose from the observations of doctors at the UK-based charity Freedom from Torture that increasing numbers of individuals from Sri Lanka who described a history of torture had suffered severe and disfiguring burn injuries from heated metal objects, and the suggestion from asylum decision-makers that in some cases such injuries could have been acquired deliberately by self-infliction or self-infliction by proxy rather than by torture as claimed...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693512/a-prospective-quantitative-study-of-mental-health-act-assessments-in-england-following-the-2007-amendments-to-the-1983-act-did-the-changes-fulfill-their-promise
#5
Swaran P Singh, Moli Paul, Helen Parsons, Tom Burns, Peter Tyrer, Seena Fazel, Shoumitro Deb, Zoebia Islam, Jorun Rugkåsa, Ruchika Gajwani, Lavanya Thana, Michael J Crawford
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Mental Health Act (MHA) 2007 amendments to the MHA 1983 were implemented in England and Wales. The amendments were intended to remove perceived obstacles to the detention of high risk patients with personality disorders (PDs), sexual deviance and learning disabilities (LDs). The AMEND study aimed to test the hypothesis that the implementation of these changes would lead to an increase in numbers or proportions of patients with these conditions who would be assessed and detained under the MHA 2007...
July 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689625/the-preventive-approach-opcat-and-the-prevention-of-violence-and-abuse-of-persons-with-mental-disabilities-by-monitoring-places-of-detention
#6
REVIEW
Nora Sveaass, Victor Madrigal-Borloz
Adopted in December 2002, the United Nations Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment establishes a system of regular visits undertaken by independent international and national bodies to places where people are deprived of their liberty, in order to prevent torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The article explores how this collaboration between national and international bodies, with independent mandates to carry out such unannounced visits, represents an important effort in the process of protecting persons with mental disabilities who are detained and who are particularly exposed to exploitation and other forms of serious human rights violations, contrary to Article 16 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672787/the-efficacy-of-dog-assisted-therapy-in-detained-drug-users-a-pilot-study-in-an-italian-attenuated-custody-institute
#7
Laura Contalbrigo, Marta De Santis, Marica Toson, Maria Montanaro, Luca Farina, Aldo Costa, Felice Alfonso Nava
Drug addiction is a major care and safety challenge in prison context. Nowadays, rehabilitation and specific therapeutic programs are suggested to improve health and well-being of inmates during their detention time and to reduce substance abuse relapse after release from prison. Among these programs, several studies reported the benefits for inmates coming from animal assisted interventions. In this pilot controlled study, we investigated the efficacy of a dog assisted therapy program addressed to 22 drug addicted male inmates housed in an attenuated custody institute in Italy...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669292/service-users-experiences-of-involuntary-hospital-admission-under-the-mental-health-act-2001-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#8
Rebecca Murphy, David McGuinness, Emma Bainbridge, Liz Brosnan, Heike Felzmann, Mary Keys, Kathy Murphy, Brian Hallahan, Colm McDonald, Agnes Higgins
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to explore the experiences of individuals admitted to the hospital involuntarily under the Mental Health Act 2001 in the Republic of Ireland. METHODS: In this qualitative descriptive study, 50 individuals who had been involuntarily admitted to a hospital underwent face-to-face semistructured interviews approximately three months after revocation of the involuntary admission order. Data were analyzed by using an inductive thematic process...
July 3, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658994/socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-schizophrenia-in-migrants-under-mental-health-detention-orders
#9
Jan Bulla, Klaus Hoffmann, Jan Querengässer, Thomas Ross
BACKGROUND: Migrants with mental hospital orders according to section 63 of the German criminal code are overrepresented in relation to their numbers in the general population. Subgroups originating from certain world regions are diagnosed with schizophrenia at a much higher rate than others. In the present literature, there is a strong evidence for a substantial correlation between migration, social disadvantage and the prevalence of schizophrenia. AIMS: This study investigates the relationship between countries of origin, the risk of becoming a forensic patient and the proportion of schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643110/refugee-children-s-sandplay-narratives-in-immigration-detention-in-canada
#10
Rachel Kronick, Cécile Rousseau, Janet Cleveland
Asylum seeking children arriving in Canada regularly face incarceration in medium-security-style immigration detention centres. Research demonstrates the human cost of detaining migrant children and families and the psychiatric burden linked with such imprisonment. This study aims to understand the lived experiences of children aged 3-13 held in detention. Informed by a qualitative methodology of narrative inquiry, child participants created worlds in the sand and generated stories to express their subjective experience...
June 22, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640610/the-role-of-denitrification-in-stormwater-detention-basin-treatment-of-nitrogen
#11
Natalie R Morse, Lauren E McPhillips, James P Shapleigh, M Todd Walter
The nitrogen (N) cycling dynamics of four stormwater basins, two often saturated sites ("Wet Basins") and two quick draining sites ("Dry Basins"), were monitored over a ∼ 1-year period. This study paired stormwater and greenhouse gas monitoring with microbial analyses to elucidate the mechanisms controlling N treatment. Annual dissolved inorganic N (DIN) mass reductions (inflow minus outflow) were greater in the Dry Basin than in the Wet Basin, 2.16 vs 0.75 g N m(-2) yr(-1), respectively. The Dry Basin infiltrated a much larger volume of water and thus had greater DIN mass reductions, even though incoming and outgoing DIN concentrations were statistically the same for both sites...
July 6, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637536/mental-health-morbidity-among-people-subject-to-immigration-detention-in-the-uk-a-feasibility-study
#12
P Sen, J Arugnanaseelan, E Connell, C Katona, A A Khan, P Moran, K Robjant, K Slade, J Tan, K Widyaratna, J Youd, A Forrester
AIMS: The UK has one of the largest systems of immigration detention in Europe.. Those detained include asylum-seekers and foreign national prisoners, groups with a higher prevalence of mental health vulnerabilities compared with the general population. In light of little published research on the mental health status of detainees in immigration removal centres (IRCs), the primary aim of this study was to explore whether it was feasible to conduct psychiatric research in such a setting...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635521/assessment-of-an-innovative-voluntary-substance-abuse-treatment-program-designed-to-replace-compulsory-drug-detention-centers-in-malaysia
#13
Farrah Khan, Archana Krishnan, Mansur A Ghani, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Jeannia J Fu, Sin How Lim, Sangeeth Kaur Dhaliwal, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: As part of an ongoing initiative by the Malaysian government to implement alternative approaches to involuntary detention of people who use drugs, the National Anti-Drug Agency has created new voluntary drug treatment programs known as Cure and Care (C&C) Centers that provide free access to addiction treatment services, including methadone maintenance therapy, integrated with social and health services. OBJECTIVES:   We evaluated early treatment outcomes and client satisfaction among patients accessing C&C treatment and ancillary services at Malaysia's second C&C Center located in Kota Bharu, Kelantan...
February 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633364/restricted-health-care-entitlements-for-child-migrants-in-europe-and-australia
#14
Liv Stubbe Østergaard, Marie Norredam, Claire Mock-Munoz de Luna, Mitch Blair, Sharon Goldfeld, Anders Hjern
More than 300 000 asylum seeking children were registered in Europe alone during 2015. In this study, we examined entitlements for health care for these and other migrant children in Europe and Australia in a framework based on United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). Survey to child health professionals, NGO's and European Ombudspersons for Children in 30 EU/EEA countries and Australia, supplemented by desktop research of official documents. Migrant children were categorised as asylum seekers and irregular/undocumented migrants...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633077/simplified-empirical-model-for-phosphorous-removal-in-a-facultative-wastewater-lagoon
#15
Saloni Vijay, Qiuyan Yuan
Nutrient removal in a facultative lagoon in Manitoba, Canada, was monitored from May 2015 to April 2016. According to the 12-month data, phosphorous concentration in the effluent did not meet the regulatory requirement. Various models have been developed to predict nitrogen removal from lagoon through the years; however, not much effort has been deployed to model phosphorous removal from lagoons. Therefore, this research aims to relate the lagoon phosphate removal to the volatile suspended solids (VSS), metal concentration, and detention time...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617290/micro-zooplankton-grazing-as-a-means-of-fecal-bacteria-removal-in-stormwater-bmps
#16
Jade M Burtchett, Michael A Mallin, Lawrence B Cahoon
A priority for environmental managers is control of stormwater runoff pollution, especially fecal microbial pollution. This research was designed to determine if fecal bacterial grazing by micro-zooplankton is a significant control on fecal bacteria in aquatic best management practices (BMPs); if grazing differs between a wet detention pond and a constructed wetland; and if environmental factors enhance grazing. Both 3-day grazing tests and 24-h dilution assays were used to determine grazing differences between the two types of BMP...
June 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612513/the-sequential-intercept-model-and-juvenile-justice-review-and-prospectus
#17
Kirk Heilbrun, Naomi E S Goldstein, David DeMatteo, Rebecca Newsham, Elizabeth Gale-Bentz, Lindsay Cole, Shelby Arnold
Behavioral health needs in justice-involved adolescents are an increasing concern, as it has been estimated that two-thirds of youths in the juvenile justice system now meet the criteria for one or more psychological disorders. This article describes the application of the Sequential Intercept Model (SIM), developed to describe five "points of interception" from standard prosecution into rehabilitation-oriented alternatives for adults (Munetz & Griffin, 2006), to juvenile justice. The five SIM intercepts are: (1) first contact with law enforcement or emergency services; (2) initial hearings and detention following arrest; (3) jails and courts (including problem-solving courts); (4) re-entry from jails, prisons and forensic hospitals; and (5) community corrections and community support, including probation and parole...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607230/preventing-torture-for-people-deprived-of-freedom-the-atlantic-hope-and-black-swan-prison-model
#18
Ernest N Ogbozor, Mara L Schoeny, Andrew Baer
International law and minimum standards provide certain protection for detainees and prisoners of war (POW) against torture and ill-treatment. Places of detention and parties to conflicts are often monitored to ensure that they adhere to the required standards through, for example, visits to individual detainees and the assessment of facilities. However, monitoring between the point of arrest and eventual remand in prisons is largely inadequate. This paper explains an emerging model to enhance protection of prisoners through readiness training for prospective humanitarian personnel...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601787/getting-out-of-self-harm-s-way-a-study-of-factors-associated-with-self-harm-among-asylum-seekers-in-australian-immigration-detention
#19
Kyli Hedrick
The monitoring of self-harm among asylum seekers in Australian immigration detention has not occurred routinely or transparently. Thus whilst concerns regarding rates of self-harm among asylum seekers have been frequently raised, a paucity of systematic information regarding key factors associated with self-harm among asylum seekers exists. The present study was designed therefore to fill a number of gaps in government monitoring by examining the government's own archived self-harm data. Via a descriptive analysis of self-harm incident reports from all operational Australian immigration detention facilities over a 20-month period to May 2011, obtained under Freedom of Information, the present study identified that 959 incidents of self-harm occurred during this period...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599220/coupling-distributed-stormwater-collection-and-managed-aquifer-recharge-field-application-and-implications
#20
S Beganskas, A T Fisher
Groundwater is increasingly important for satisfying California's growing fresh water demand. Strategies like managed aquifer recharge (MAR) can improve groundwater supplies, mitigating the negative consequences of persistent groundwater overdraft. Distributed stormwater collection (DSC)-MAR projects collect and infiltrate excess hillslope runoff before it reaches a stream, focusing on 40-400 ha drainage areas (100-1000 ac). We present results from six years of DSC-MAR operation-including high resolution analyses of precipitation, runoff generation, infiltration, and sediment transport-and discuss their implications for regional resource management...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
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