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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451424/risk-factors-of-sexual-assault-and-victimization-among-youth-in-custody
#1
Eileen M Ahlin
Research suggests that youth are at higher risk of sexual assault and victimization while in custody than adult inmates. However, compared with adult inmates, very little is known about the risk factors associated with such violence among youth in custody. Without sufficient research on risk factors associated with sexual assault and victimization among youth in custody, practitioners and policy makers may be reliant on the adult literature when making decisions about how to address and prevent such violence among juveniles...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450598/validity-of-police-contacts-as-a-performance-indicator-for-the-public-mental-health-care-system-in-amsterdam-an-open-cohort-study
#2
S Lauriks, M C A Buster, M A S de Wit, O A Arah, A W Hoogendoorn, J Peen, N S Klazinga
PURPOSE: The Public Mental Health Care (PMHC) system is a network of public services and care- and support institutions financed from public funds. Performance indicators based on the registration of police contacts could be a reliable and useful source of information for the stakeholders of the PMHC system to monitor performance. This study aimed to provide evidence on the validity of using police contacts as a performance indicator to assess the continuity of care in the PMHC system...
February 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447289/correlates-of-self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-in-justice-involved-young-people
#3
Stephane Shepherd, Benjamin Spivak, Rohan Borschmann, Stuart A Kinner, Henning Hachtel
The purpose of this study was to ascertain the prevalence and correlates of self-harm among young people in detention in Australia. The sample included 215 (177 male; 38 female) young people who were in youth detention in the state of Victoria, Australia. Participants were administered a series of questionnaires related to self-harm, mental health, socio-environmental experiences and behaviours. Overall, one-third (33%) of the sample reported previous self-harm and 12% reported at least one suicide attempt...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447177/physician-prescribing-of-opioid-agonist-treatments-in-provincial-correctional-facilities-in-ontario-canada-a-survey
#4
Fiona G Kouyoumdjian, Alexandra Patel, Matthew J To, Lori Kiefer, Leonora Regenstreif
BACKGROUND: Substance use and substance use disorders are common in people who experience detention or incarceration in Canada, and opioid agonist treatment (OAT) may reduce the harms associated with substance use disorders. We aimed to define current physician practice in provincial correctional facilities in Ontario with respect to prescribing OAT and to identify potential barriers and facilitators to prescribing OAT. METHODS: We invited all physicians practicing in the 26 provincial correctional facilities for adults in Ontario to participate in an online survey...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442389/children-detained-in-french-police-cells
#5
Dorothée Fablet, Patrick Chariot
AIM: Police custody is detention in response to a suspicion of crime. In France, until the age of 13, pre-trial detention and police custody are not allowed. We aimed to evaluate the practical implementation of police detention of children aged between 10 and 12 years and describe the medical characteristics and history, perceived health status and opinion on custody of the potentially affected children. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted in a French reference regional department of forensic medicine at the time of medical examination in police cells among arrestees younger than 13 years old examined over a 5-year period (1 January 2011-31 December 2015)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440216/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-and-youth-justice-a-prevalence-study-among-young-people-sentenced-to-detention-in-western-australia
#6
Carol Bower, Rochelle E Watkins, Raewyn C Mutch, Rhonda Marriott, Jacinta Freeman, Natalie R Kippin, Bernadette Safe, Carmela Pestell, Candy S C Cheung, Helen Shield, Lodewicka Tarratt, Alex Springall, Jasmine Taylor, Noni Walker, Emma Argiro, Suze Leitão, Sharynne Hamilton, Carmen Condon, Hayley M Passmore, Roslyn Giglia
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) among young people in youth detention in Australia. Neurodevelopmental impairments due to FASD can predispose young people to engagement with the law. Canadian studies identified FASD in 11%-23% of young people in corrective services, but there are no data for Australia. DESIGN: Multidisciplinary assessment of all young people aged 10-17 years 11 months and sentenced to detention in the only youth detention centre in Western Australia, from May 2015 to December 2016...
February 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439748/community-treatment-orders-an-analysis-of-the-first-five-years-of-use-in-england
#7
Liam Trevithick, Jane Carlile, Sunil Nodiyal, Patrick Keown
BACKGROUND: Community treatment orders (CTOs) were introduced in England in 2008. Aims To measure the rate of CTO use in England during the first 5 years following introduction. METHOD: The number of involuntary detentions and CTOs in National Health Service (NHS) hospital trusts was collected between 2009 and 2014. Rates of CTO use and the ratio of CTOs to detentions on admission were calculated, and how these varied between trusts. RESULTS: The number of new CTOs each year ranged between 3834 and 4647...
February 14, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435591/effect-of-including-alcohol-and-cannabis-content-in-a-sexual-risk-reduction-intervention-on-the-incidence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Angela D Bryan, Renee E Magnan, Arielle S Gillman, Elizabeth A Yeater, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Alberta S Kong, Sarah J Schmiege
Importance: Adolescents in the juvenile justice system are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Concurrent use of alcohol and cannabis increase this risk. Objective: To determine whether a theory-based sexual risk-reduction intervention that included alcohol- and cannabis-focused content resulted in greater reductions in STIs than an intervention that included alcohol-related content only and an intervention that did not include substance use content...
February 12, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427992/apple-condom-and-cocaine-body-stuffing-in-prison-a-case-report
#9
Benedicte Jalbert, Nguyen Toan Tran, Stephan von Düring, Pierre-Alexandre Poletti, Ian Fournier, Catherine Hafner, Celestine Dubost, Laurent Gétaz, Hans Wolff
BACKGROUND: Drug dealers and drug users resort to body stuffing to hastily conceal illicit drugs by ingesting their drug packets. This practice represents a medical challenge because rupture of the often insecure packaging can be toxic and even lethal. In an emergency setting, official guidelines are needed to help the medical team decide on the proper treatment. A preliminary observation period is generally accepted but its duration varies from hours to eventual packet expulsion. CASE PRESENTATION: This case involves a 20-year-old white man in detention who claimed to have ingested one cocaine packet wrapped in plastic food-wrap and a condom in anticipation of an impending cell search...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427893/ghana-s-community-based-primary-health-care-why-women-and-children-are-disadvantaged-by-its-implementation
#10
Roger A Atinga, Irene Akua Agyepong, Reuben K Esena
Policy analysis on why women and children in low- and middle-income settings are still disadvantaged by access to appropriate care despite Primary Health Care (PHC) programmes implementation is limited. Drawing on the street-level bureaucracy theory, we explored how and why frontline providers (FLP) actions on their own and in interaction with health system factors shape Ghana's community-based PHC implementation to the disadvantage of women and children accessing and using health services. This was a qualitative study conducted in 4 communities drawn from rural and urban districts of the Upper West region...
February 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420448/the-interaction-of-sexual-validation-criminal-justice-involvement-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-risk-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-males
#11
Pamela A Matson, Vivian Towe, Jonathan M Ellen, Shang-En Chung, Susan G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Young men who have been involved with the criminal justice system are more likely to have concurrent sexual partners, a key driver of sexually transmitted infections. The value men place on having sexual relationships to validate themselves may play an important role in understanding this association. METHODS: Data were from a household survey. Young men (N = 132), aged 16 to 24 years, self-reported whether they ever spent time in jail or juvenile detention and if they had sexual partnerships that overlapped in time...
March 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397643/associations-of-the-neighborhood-environment-with-substance-use-a-cross-sectional-investigation-among-patients-in-compulsory-drug-detention-centers-in-thailand
#12
Suneerat Yangyuen, Manop Kanato, Udomsak Mahaweerawat
Objectives: To identify the associations of characteristics of the neighborhood environment with substance abuse among clients receiving treatment for drug abuse in Thailand. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 1128 drug addicts from 28 neighborhoods who were receiving treatment at all 7 compulsory drug detention centers in Thailand. A trained interviewer conducted structured interviews with the subjects about substance use and the perceived neighborhood environment in their community...
January 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384006/ranzcp-response-to-the-nt-royal-commission-into-the-protection-and-detention-of-children
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382540/a-contraception-quality-improvement-initiative-with-detained-young-women-counseling-initiation-and-utilization
#14
Laura K Grubb, Rebecca M Beyda, Mona A Eissa, Laura J Benjamins
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of providing standardized counseling to improve the rates of contraception initiation and utilization among detained young women. This was a quality improvement (QI) project conducted at a large urban juvenile short-term detention center. METHODS/DESIGN: The intervention included educating all staff and care providers, counseling detained young women on various contraceptive options, and offering contraception initiation with oral contraceptive pills or depot medroxyprogesterone acetate injection...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368170/the-ethics-of-discharging-asylum-seekers-to-harm-a-case-from-australia
#15
Ryan Essex, David Isaacs
In February 2016 a twelve-month-old asylum seeker, who came to be know as Baby Asha, was transferred from Nauru and hospitalized in Brisbane. This case came to public attention after Doctors refused to discharge Asha as she would have been returned to detention on Nauru. What in other circumstances would have been considered routine clinical care, quickly turned into an act of civil disobedience. This paper will discuss the ethical aspects of this case, along with its implications for clinicians and the broader healthcare community...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339616/cod-removal-from-leachate-by-electrocoagulation-process-treatment-with-monopolar-electrodes-in-parallel-connection
#16
Mehtap Tanyol, Aysenur Ogedey, Ensar Oguz
This study examines the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) from landfill leachate generated from the municipal landfill site of Bingol, Turkey. The effect of parameters such as current density, pH, and inter-electrode distance during the electrocoagulation (EC) process on COD removal of the process was investigated. Moreover, for COD removal, the energy consumption and operating costs were calculated for iron electrode under the EC conditions. COD removal efficiency was 72.13% at the current density of 16 mA m-2, pH of 8...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313797/suicidality-and-other-health-risk-behaviors-among-female-youth-in-juvenile-detention
#17
Schnavia Smith Hatcher, Dione Moultrie King, Anne Nordberg, Dante Bryant, Christopher C Woolen
This study investigates suicidality and health-risk behaviors among female juvenile detainees and identifies the extent to which suicidal behaviors are correlated with other risky activities. This study also explores 12 health risk behaviors, their prevalence, and relative associations to suicidal behaviors within the sample-population. Researchers collected data from 104 female adolescents, ages 12 to 20, residing in a long-term, detention center in the southeastern region of the United States. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were utilized...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302912/development-of-an-indicator-for-characterizing-particle-size-distribution-and-quality-of-stormwater-runoff
#18
Qian Wang, Qionghua Zhang, Mawuli Dzakpasu, Bin Lian, Yaketon Wu, Xiaochang C Wang
Stormwater particles washed from road-deposited sediments (RDS) are traditionally characterized as either turbidity or total suspended solids (TSS). Although these parameters are influenced by particle sizes, neither of them characterizes the particle size distribution (PSD), which is of great importance in pollutant entrainment and treatment performance. Therefore, the ratio of turbidity to TSS (Tur/TSS) is proposed and validated as a potential surrogate for the bulk PSD and quality of stormwater runoff. The results show an increasing trend of Tur/TSS with finer sizes of both RDS and stormwater runoff...
January 5, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297206/no-jab-no-record-catch-up-vaccination-of-children-in-immigration-detention
#19
Karen M Kiang, Sonja Elia, Georgia A Paxton
International Health and Medical Services (IHMS) are contracted to provide health services, including catch-up vaccination, for individuals in immigration detention. Our audit of catch-up vaccination in asylum seeker children who spent time in held detention demonstrates inadequate and suboptimal vaccine delivery in this setting, and no evidence that IHMS recorded vaccines on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register at the time. We also found substantial shortfalls in vaccination for these children after they were released from detention...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286022/italian-prisoners-with-tuberculosis-in-the-early-nineteenth-century-the-experience-in-the-pianosa-prison-hospital
#20
Sergio Sabbatani, Sirio Fiorino, Roberto Manfredi
In the late nineteenth century, with industrial growth and the resulting mass urbanisation, tuberculosis represented a plague mainly among the poor social classes. The outdated and crowded Italian prisons (formerly old monasteries) during the early 1900s were insufficient to "host" the multitude of inmates condemned or waiting for judgment. Italian prisoners were beset by hunger and poor hygiene facilities. Clothes did not differ between winter and summer. The Criminal Sanatorium of Pianosa was officially inaugurated in 1907, but from the 1860s it had been set up to host an agricultural penal colony...
December 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
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