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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238907/race-ethnicity-and-behavioral-health-status-first-arrest-and-outcomes-in-a-large-sample-of-juvenile-offenders
#1
Katherine S L Lau, Marc B Rosenman, Sarah E Wiehe, Wanzhu Tu, Matthew C Aalsma
The objective of this study was to assess the simultaneous effects of gender, race/ethnicity, and pre-arrest behavioral health (BH) service-use on age at first arrest, and first arrest outcomes. Between January 2004 and December 2011, arrest and medical records were collected on a retrospective longitudinal cohort of 12,476 first-time offenders, ages 8-18 years. Black youth were arrested at younger ages than white or Hispanic youth. Youth with psychiatric problems were arrested at younger ages than youth with substance-use, dual-diagnoses, or no BH problems...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234514/mental-capacity-act-northern-ireland-2016
#2
REVIEW
Gerard Lynch, Catherine Taggart, Philip Campbell
Mental health legislation in Northern Ireland has always been separate from legislation in the rest of the UK; the Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order (MHO) had been in place since 1986. In common with other jurisdictions, this legislation utilises the presence of mental disorder and risk as criteria for detention and involuntary treatment. The MHO has been replaced by the Mental Capacity Act (Northern Ireland) 2016 (MCA), an example of 'fusion' legislation in which impairment of decision-making capacity and best interests are the only criteria to be used when making decisions across health and social care...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227881/experiences-with-compulsory-drug-detention-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#3
Thomas Kerr, Will Small, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Thailand has employed a system of compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) where drug users are confined following arrest. Although concerns regarding CDDCs persist, research focused on CDDCs in Thailand is limited. We undertook this study to explore experiences with CDDCs among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. METHODS: Data were derived from the Mitsampan Community Research Project, a mixed- methods study involving PWID in Bangkok. Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with PWID who had been exposed to CDDCs...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215131/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-an-italian-prison-and-relation-with-average-term-of-detention-a-pilot-study
#4
D Rocca
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and overweight are universally recognized as risk factors for cardiovascular disease, stroke and other chronic diseases. The few studies of overweight and obesity in inmate populations suggest that the prevalence of obesity in an institution is associated with the prevalence of the region. The goal of the study is to describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a sample of prisoners. METHODS: In a sample of prisoners of Busto Arsizio prison, weight and height were measured with standard method...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203502/characteristics-of-nps-use-in-patients-admitted-to-acute-psychiatric-services-in-southeast-scotland-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis-following-public-health-interventions
#5
Kyle H Bennett, Helen M Hare, Robert M Waller, Helen L Alderson, Stephen Lawrie
OBJECTIVES: Assess the impact of selective prohibition and seizure of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) supply on NPS use prevalence within psychiatric admissions and evaluate demographic characteristics of current NPS users. DESIGN: A 6-month retrospective cross-sectional analysis of discharge letters between 1 October 2015 and 31 March 2016. SETTING: General psychiatry inpatients and intensive home treatment team (IHTT) community patients at a psychiatric hospital in a Scottish city...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202096/trafficking-of-vietnamese-women-and-girls-for-marriage-in-china
#6
Heidi Stöckl, Ligia Kiss, Jobst Koehler, Dung Thuy Dong, Cathy Zimmerman
Background: Bride-trafficking has been a growing phenomenon in Southeast Asia, particularly in China, where one-child policies have resulted in demographic imbalances favoring males. Yet, empirical evidence about women and girls sold into marriage in China remains sparse. Methods: This study describes the experiences of 51 Vietnamese women and girls as young as 14 in post-trafficking services who were sold into marriage in China. A consecutive sample of individuals from five services in Vietnam were invited to be interviewed within the first 2 weeks of admission...
2017: Global health research and policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177563/the-impact-of-detention-on-the-social-emotional-wellbeing-of-children-seeking-asylum-a-comparison-with-community-based-children
#7
Karen Zwi, Sarah Mares, Dania Nathanson, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Derrick Silove
Accumulating literature demonstrates that immigration detention is harmful to children. However, there is a scarcity of scientifically rigorous and reliable data about the health of children held in detention facilities. The aim of the study was to compare a community-based population of recently arrived refugee children flown into Australia, not detained, resettled in a non-urban area, with a population of children who arrived by boat seeking asylum, detained since arrival. The parent-version of the strength and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) of children aged 4-15 years was compared in children living in the community with those held in detention...
November 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176097/access-to-health-care-among-mexican-migrants-and-immigrants-a-comparison-across-migration-phases
#8
Ana P Martinez-Donate, Ifna Ejebe, Xiao Zhang, Sylvia Guendelman, Félice Lê-Scherban, Gudelia Rangel, Eduardo Gonzalez-Fagoaga, Melbourne F Hovell, Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes
OBJECTIVES: We examined differences in, and factors associated with, access to health services among Mexican im/migrants to the U.S. across migration phases, including pre-departure, destination, interception, and return. METHODS: Using data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in Tijuana, Mexico (N = 1,541), we computed descriptive statistics and staged logistic regressions to estimate health care access indicators and factors associated with access to services...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168701/wastewater-pond-systems-using-chemical-precipitation-fellings-dams-state-of-the-art-in-sweden
#9
J Hanaeus, Å Hanaeus
Chemical precipitation in wastewater stabilization ponds - in Scandinavia called fellings dams - has been in operation for more than 50 years. Slaked lime and aluminium salts are the most common chemicals used for precipitation. Long and narrow forms of the ponds and a detention time of at least 5 days have shown, even at a low water temperature and below an ice cover, to produce an average effluent quality of 70 mg CODCr/l, 0.2 mg Tot-P/l, 20 mg Tot-N/l (CODCr: chemical oxygen demand; Tot-P: total phosphorus; Tot-N: total nitrogen) and low levels of pathogenic bacteria...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163984/retrospective-cohort-follow-up-study-of-individuals-detained-under-section-136
#10
Jennifer L Burgess, Sarah-Jane White, Aileen O'Brien
Background: An original cohort study found that over half of the individuals detained under Section 136 (S136) of the Mental Health Act 1983 were discharged home after assessment, and nearly half were intoxicated. Aims: To investigate whether the cohort was followed up by psychiatric services, characterise those repeatedly detained and assess whether substance use was related to these outcomes. Method: Data were retrospectively collected from the notes of 242 individuals, who presented after S136 detention to a place of safety over a 6-month period, and were followed up for 1 year...
November 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161065/from-nuremberg-to-guantanamo-bay-uses-of-physicians-in-the-war-on-terror
#11
Sondra S Crosby, Gilbert Benavidez
Seventy years after the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial, health professionals and lawyers working together after 9/11 played a critical role in designing, justifying, and carrying out the US state-sponsored torture program in the CIA "Black Sites" and US military detention centers, including Abu Ghraib, Bagram, and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. We analyze the similarities between the Nazi doctors and health professionals in the War on Terror and address the question of how it happened that health professionals, including doctors, psychologists, physician assistants, and nurses, acted as agents of the state to utilize their medical and healing skills to cause harm and sanitize barbarous acts, similar to (though not on the scale of) how Nazi doctors were used by the Third Reich...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159485/beriberi-outbreak-among-unauthorised-immigrants-in-a-detention-camp-in-malaysia
#12
Sunita Abdul Rahman, Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, Fadzilah Kamaludin, Intan Azura Din, Mahanim Yusof, Kamruddin Ahmed
In February 2012, a district health authority received three inmates with bilateral leg swelling and difficulty in breathing from a detention camp for unauthorized immigrants. A case control study was conducted. Fasting blood samples of case and control groups were collected according to instructions of the laboratory for determining thiamine level, and their 1 week dietary intake was analyzed. 9% (21/226) of inmates had bilateral leg swelling, and 75% (6/8) of them had low thiamine level (< 66 mmol/L)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157605/extraction-of-essential-oil-from-bunium-persicum-boiss-by-instant-controlled-pressure-drop-dic
#13
Elnaz Feyzi, Mohammad H Eikani, Fereshteh Golmohammad, Bahram Tafaghodinia
Essential oils extraction from Bunium Persicum (Boiss) was performed using instant controlled pressure drop (in French: Détente Instantanée Contrôlée or DIC) thechnology and optimum extraction conditions were obtained. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to determine the optimal conditions and the results were 20s heating time, 3.5bar pressure, 0.44mm particle diameter and 9 cycles. Essential oils extraction was also compared with Hydrodistillation (HD), ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and Soxhlet (SOX) extraction...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134856/boston-offender-needs-delivery-project
#14
Leila Salem, Emily Reichert, Julianne Siegfriedt, Taylor Hall, Stephanie W Hartwell
To bridge a gap in access to community services for releasing state inmates, the Boston Offender Needs Delivery (BOND) project was developed as a longitudinal study (2014-2016) of adult inmates with a history of substance use and co-occurring mental health disorders returning to the community following detention in one of Massachusetts' State correctional facilities. Pre-release inmates who were wrapping up their sentence (i.e., no community supervision) and presented with mental illness and/or substance use disorder were recruited...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109309/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-oral-hygiene-status-among-juvenile-prisoners-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#15
Thamer Alkhadra
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of dental caries and oral hygiene status among juvenile prisoners in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 105 prisoners aged between 12 and 17 years of age from the Juvenile Detention Center were included in the study. Any prisoner with systemic illness and being noncooperative were excluded from the study. Clinical examinations were performed under an artificial light source using a disposable mouth mirror and explorer while seated on a portable chair...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103371/prolonged-incarceration-and-prisoners-wellbeing-livid-experiences-of-awaiting-trial-pre-trial-remand-prisoners-in-nigeria
#16
Charles T Orjiakor, Dorothy I Ugwu, John E Eze, Leonard I Ugwu, Peace N Ibeagha, Desmond U Onu
PURPOSE: Awaiting trial prisoners (ATPs) are represented in prisons globally, and may stay for long periods in detention. This group is however underrepresented in literature on incarcerated persons. We aim to explore the lived experiences of ATPs detained for prolonged years in a sub-Saharan country; examining what they make of their status and how their conditions have affected their wellbeing. METHOD: Eight inmates awaiting trial for armed robbery and murder offences, held for between 8 years and 15 years participated in a focus group discussion...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096914/the-medical-incapacity-hold-a-policy-on-the-involuntary-medical-hospitalization-of-patients-who-lack-decisional-capacity
#17
Erick H Cheung, Jonathan Heldt, Thomas Strouse, Paul Schneider
BACKGROUND: Medically hospitalized patients who lack decisional capacity may request, demand, or attempt to leave the hospital despite grave risk to themselves. The treating physician in this scenario must determine how to safeguard such patients, including whether to attempt to keep them in the hospital. However, in many jurisdictions, there are no laws that address this matter directly. In this absence, psychiatrists are often called upon to issue an involuntary psychiatric hold (civil commitment) to keep the patient from leaving...
September 21, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090334/social-vulnerabilities-and-health-conditions-of-arrestees-in-the-greater-paris-area-france-in-2013-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#18
Emilie Verdier, Céline Denis, Nacer Bourokba, Pierre Chauvin, Patrick Chariot
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the health and social conditions of arrestees, as compared to the general population. METHODS: We studied a sample of 600 adult arrestees in three locations in the Greater Paris area, prospectively included (February-May 2013). A descriptive analysis has been performed, then prevalence was estimated using an indirect standardisation according to age, based on data from a population-based, representative survey in the same area...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089089/-long-and-short-stays-under-asppi-comparison-of-clinical-and-non-clinical-data-from-250-initial-certificates
#19
A Michel, N Alamowitch, R Gourevitch
BACKGROUND: On July 5, 2011, France introduced a law permitting the involuntary admission of patients considered to be in "imminent danger" into psychiatric care without the consent of the family. This is known as "admission en soins psychiatriques pour péril imminent"(ASPPI). ASPPI authorizes all physicians to hospitalize a patient without his or her consent nor the consent of a third party. This differs from previous measures as only one certificate is needed. The law also requires involuntarily admitted patients to present themselves before a judge specialized in Liberties and Detentions (juge des libertés et des détentions), 12 days following their admission...
October 28, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072191/compulsory-admissions-in-southwest-greece-2010-2011-a-descriptive-report
#20
M Skokou, P Gouma, P Gourzis
Compulsory admissions represent a significant proportion of psychiatric hospitalizations. A wide variation seems to exist internationally regarding legal frameworks, administrative procedures, detention rates and clinical practice. The aim of the present study is to describe qualitative and quantitative features of compulsory admissions in a large administrative area in southwest Greece, in order to identify targets for future research and possible remediation. Involuntary assessments and admissions in the Department of Psychiatry of the University Hospital of Patras were retrospectively assessed, during a 12-month period, for demographic features and data regarding legal procedures...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
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