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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228511/gastric-cancer-with-solitary-liver-metastasis-accompanied-by-cyst-formation
#1
Masayuki Urabe, Hiroharu Yamashita, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Yasuyuki Seto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226098/occult-hcv-infection-oci-diagnosis-in-cirrhotic-and-non-cirrhotic-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-by-intra-pbmc-nested-viral-rna-pcr
#2
Mohamed Darwish Ahmed Abd Alla, Saleh Ahmed Elibiary, George Y Wu, Mostafa Kamel El-Awady
Background and Aims: Occult HCV infections (OCIs) include IgG antibody seronegative cryptogenic (COCIs), as well as seropositive secondary naïve (SNOCIs) and experienced (SEOCIs) cases. We used peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cell (PBMC)-PCR to evaluate COCIs and SNOCIs prevalence, serum HCV spontaneous disappearance (SCSD) in naïve cirrhotics and non-cirrhotics, intra-PBMC HCV-RNA strands in relation to cirrhosis density in naïve non-viremia cases, and HCV-RNA seroconversion after 1 year of solitary naïve intra-PBMC infection...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222825/outcome-of-sonography-based-minimally-invasive-surgery-for-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-of-the-ureter-and-urinary-bladder-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Gernot Hudelist, Ayman Tammaa, Kristine Aas-Eng, Lisa Kirchner, Nadja Fritzer, Zoltan Nemeth, Michael Lamche
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the accuracy of transvaginal sonography for preoperative detection of bladder endometriosis and surgical outcomes regarding fertility and pain symptoms of women with urinary tract endometriosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients with urinary tract endometriosis undergoing laparoscopic partial cystectomy and/or ureterolysis/decompression, ureteric resection and end-to-end anastomosis or ureteroneocystostomy for ureteral stenosis and hydronephrosis...
December 8, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222175/chitin-protects-gut-epithelial-barrier-in-a-protochordate-model-of-dss-induced-colitis
#4
Assunta Liberti, Ivana Zucchetti, Daniela Melillo, Diana Skapura, Yoshimi Shibata, Rosaria De Santis, Maria Rosaria Pinto, Gary W Litman, Larry J Dishaw
The gastrointestinal tract of Ciona intestinalis, a solitary tunicate that siphon filters water, shares similarities with its mammalian counterpart. The Ciona gut exhibits other features that are unique to protochordates, including certain immune molecules, and other characteristics, e.g. chitin-rich mucus, which appears to be more widespread than considered previously. Exposure of Ciona to dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) induces a colitis-like phenotype similar to that seen in other systems and is characterized by alteration of epithelial morphology and infiltration of blood cells into lamina propria like regions...
December 8, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221722/ink-enhanced-dermoscopy-is-a-useful-tool-to-differentiate-acquired-solitary-plaque-porokeratosis-from-other-scaly-lesions
#5
Cristián Navarrete-Dechent, Pablo Uribe, Ashfaq Marghoob
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221316/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-pulmonary-tuberculoma-with-focus-on-the-use-of-tubeless-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#6
REVIEW
Zhaohua Xia, Kun Qiao, Jianxing He
Pulmonary tuberculoma are benign solitary pulmonary nodules representing up to 25% of all resected solitary pulmonary nodules. However, the differentiation between pulmonary tuberculoma and lung cancer, as well as between active tuberculoma and inactive tuberculoma remains a clinical challenge. The present review summarizes the recent advances in the management of pulmonary tuberculoma, including radiological findings, the response to anti-tuberculosis treatment and surgical treatments. Application of the novel tubeless video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) technique in both the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculoma has been found to be safe and feasible and leads to less surgical trauma, which results in reduced length of hospitalization and better post-operative quality of life...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218621/the-efficacy-of-real-time-colour-doppler-flow-imaging-on-endoscopic-ultrasonography-for-differential-diagnosis-between-neoplastic-and-non-neoplastic-gallbladder-polyps
#7
Su Young Kim, Jae Hee Cho, Eui Joo Kim, Dong Hae Chung, Kun Kuk Kim, Yeon Ho Park, Yeon Suk Kim
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the usefulness of real-time colour Doppler flow (CDF) endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for differentiating neoplastic gallbladder (GB) polyps from non-neoplastic polyps. METHODS: Between August 2014 and December 2016, a total of 233 patients with GB polyps who underwent real-time CDF-EUS were consecutively enrolled in this prospective study. CDF imaging was subjectively categorized for each patient as: strong CDF pattern, weak CDF pattern and no CDF pattern...
December 7, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216297/skn-1a-pou2f3-functions-as-a-master-regulator-to-generate-trpm5-expressing-chemosensory-cells-in-mice
#8
Junpei Yamashita, Makoto Ohmoto, Tatsuya Yamaguchi, Ichiro Matsumoto, Junji Hirota
Transient receptor potential channel M5 (Trpm5)-expressing cells, such as sweet, umami, and bitter taste cells in the oropharyngeal epithelium, solitary chemosensory cells in the nasal respiratory epithelium, and tuft cells in the small intestine, that express taste-related genes function as chemosensory cells. Previous studies demonstrated that Skn-1a/Pou2f3, a POU homeodomain transcription factor is expressed in these Trpm5-expressing chemosensory cells, and is necessary for their generation. Trpm5-expressing cells have recently been found in trachea, auditory tube, urethra, thymus, pancreatic duct, stomach, and large intestine...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216141/subharmonic-anti-phase-dynamics-in-coupled-mode-locked-semiconductor-lasers
#9
Sudarshan Sivaramakrishnan, Herbert G Winful
We show that coupled mode-locked semiconductor lasers can operate in a subharmonic regime in which the two lasers pulsate in an anti-phase manner at one-half the fundamental mode-locking frequency of the solitary lasers. In the subharmonic mode, each pulse has almost twice the energy carried by the isolated lasers in the fundamental mode-locked regime and is also significantly shorter in duration. Depending on the unsaturated gain and coupling strength, the lasers can also exhibit bistability, perfect synchronization, and delayed synchronization, as well as three-halves and five-halves harmonic mode locking...
December 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214109/a-solitary-pink-lesion-dermoscopy-and-rcm-features-of-lichen-planus
#10
Claudia Pezzini, Simonetta Piana, Caterina Longo, Elisa Benati, Stefania Borsari, Francesca Specchio, Elvira Moscarella
We present an unusual onset of cutaneous lichen planus (LP) in a middle-aged patient. The initial presentation as solitary, indolent pink lesion required further investigations to rule out malignancy, especially amelanotic melanoma. Dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy findings were found to be helpful in our case in addressing the correct diagnosis.
October 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213007/the-value-of-lesion-size-as-an-adjunct-to-the-bi-rads-mri-2013-descriptors-in-the-diagnosis-of-solitary-breast-masses
#11
Makiko Kawai, Masako Kataoka, Shotaro Kanao, Mami Iima, Natsuko Onishi, Akane Ohashi, Rena Sakaguchi, Masakazu Toi, Kaori Togashi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the MRI findings of breast solitary masses in diagnostic procedures to decide the appropriate category based on American College of Radiology (ACR) BI-RADS-MRI 2013, with the focus on lesion size. METHODS: A retrospective review of 2,603 consecutive breast MRI reports identified 250 pathologically-proven solitary breast masses. Dynamic-contrast enhanced images and diffusion-weighted images were performed on a 3.0/1.5 Tesla Scanner with a 16/4 channel dedicated breast coil...
December 7, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212872/parotid-gland-an-unusual-site-of-breast-cancer-metastasis
#12
Thomas Rawet, Apurna Jegannathen, Soni Soumian
Parotid gland metastases from breast cancer are an extremely rare and unusual event with a limited number of cases recorded in the literature. A 71-year-old woman with a history of ductal adenocarcinoma of the left breast presented to the maxillofacial clinic with an asymptomatic swelling of the left parotid gland. The presentation occurred 21 years after she underwent treatment for recurrent breast cancer. Investigations led to the diagnosis of a breast cancer metastasis which was oestrogen receptor and progesterone receptor positive and negative...
December 5, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212373/propensity-score-matched-analysis-comparing-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-with-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-for-large-stones-in-patients-with-a-solitary-kidney
#13
Xiaolei Shi, Yonghan Peng, Xiao Li, Qi Wang, Ling Li, Min Liu, Xiaofeng Gao, Yinghao Sun
PURPOSES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy, safety, and cost of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the treatment for large renal stones in patients with a solitary kidney. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, 117 patients with a solitary kidney who had undergone PCNL or RIRS for renal stones larger than 2 cm between January 2010 and December 2016 were retrospectively evaluated. The patients' demographic data, clinical characteristics, and perioperative outcomes were collected through a review of their medical records...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212171/clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#14
Ze-Tian Shen, Han Zhou, Ao-Mei Li, Bing Li, Jun-Shu Shen, Xi-Xu Zhu
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has been an emerging non-invasive treatment modality for patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) when surgical treatment cannot be applied. The CyberKnife® is a SBRT system that allows for real-time tracking of the tumor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and prognostic factors for ICC patients receiving this treatment. Twenty-eight patients with ICC were enrolled in the present study. The median prescription dose was 45 Gy (range, 36-54 Gy), fractionated 3 to 5 times with a 70% to 92% isodose line...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209161/electroacupuncture-attenuates-visceral-hypersensitivity-by-inhibiting-jak2-stat3-signaling-pathway-in-the-descending-pain-modulation-system
#15
Juan Wan, Yi Ding, Adnan H Tahir, Manoj K Shah, Habibullah Janyaro, Xiaojing Li, Juming Zhong, Vitaly Vodyanoy, Mingxing Ding
Electroacupuncture (EA) has been used for treating visceral hypersensitivity (VH). However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. This study was aim to testify the effect of EA on ileitis-provoked VH, and to confirm whether EA attenuates VH through Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway in the periaqueductal gray (PAG)-the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM)-the spinal cord dorsal horn (SCDH) axis. Methods: Goats were anesthetized and laparotomized for injecting 2,4,6-trinitro-benzene-sulfonic acid (TNBS)-ethanol solution (30mg TNBS dissolved in 40% ethanol) into the ileal wall to induce VH...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208984/a-nonlinear-approach-to-identify-pathological-change-of-thyroid-nodules-based-on-statistical-analysis-of-ultrasound-rf-signals
#16
Huan Xu, Chunrui Liu, Ping Yang, Juan Tu, Bin Yang, Dong Zhang
In order to reassure the majority of patients with benign nodules from unnecessary needle biopsy, there is an increasing clinical requirement to identify benign and malignant thyroid nodules during ultrasound diagnosis. A nonlinear approach based on statistical analysis of ultrasound radio-frequency (RF) signals was developed for differential diagnosing the thyroid nodules to improve the diagnostic accuracy. Data from 44 patients with solitary thyroid nodules were collected, following with the ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) as the ground truth...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208411/distribution-of-nadph-diaphorase-reactivity-in-the-central-nervous-system-of-the-common-toad-bufo-bufo
#17
Claudia Pinelli, Arun G Jadhao, Anna Scandurra, Biagio D'Aniello
We examined the distribution of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d)-reactive elements in the central nervous system (CNS) of the common toad, Bufo bufo. The investigation involved adult male and female toads collected during the breeding season. Labeled neurons of different morphological appearances (weakly or darkly stained, unipolar, bipolar, and multipolar) and fibers were observed across all subdivisions of the amphibian brain. Overall, a similar distribution of NADPH-d-labeled neurons was observed in the brain of male and female toads...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205458/multi-disciplinary-management-of-refractory-insulinomas
#18
Emily Brown, Daniel Watkin, Jonathan Evans, Vincent Yip, Daniel J Cuthbertson
Insulinomas are predominantly benign (~90%), pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours characterised by hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia. They usually present as a small (<2cm), well demarcated, solitary nodule that can arise in any part of the organ. Treatment of sporadic insulinomas is generally aimed at curative surgical resection with special consideration in genetic syndromes. Patients with significant hypoglycaemia can pose a difficult management challenge. In isolated cases where the patient is not medically fit for surgery or with metastatic spread, other treatment options are employed...
December 4, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205049/extracorporeal-shockwave-lithotripsy-could-lead-to-a-prolonged-increase-in-renal-fibrotic-process-of-up-to-2-years
#19
Chi-Fai Ng, Sylvia Luke, Chi-Hang Yee, Steven Ch Leung, Jeremy Y C Teoh, John Yuen
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: This prospective study aimed to evaluate the effect of ramping and pause protocols on renal fibrosis, blood pressure control and renal function in patients receiving extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL). METHODS: This study prospectively recruited 320 patients with solitary radiopaque renal stones <15 mm in size. Patients were randomized to receive one of four shockwave protocols: (1) standard protocol (no ramping or pause); (2) ramping protocol alone; (3) ramping and pause protocols or (4) pause protocol alone...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204032/subarachnoid-hemorrhage-due-to-ruptured-intracranial-aneurysm-arising-from-a-vertebral-artery-bihemispheric-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-bifurcation
#20
Yasushi Ogasawara, Hiroshi Kashimura, Kenta Aso, Hiroaki Saura
Although the anatomy of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) is highly variable, a solitary PICA supplying both hemispheres of the cerebellum is rare. A 76-year-old woman presented with severe headache and subsequent loss of consciousness and was admitted to our hospital. Initial computed tomography showed subarachnoid hemorrhage. Three-dimensional digital subtraction angiography revealed a saccular aneurysm arising from the right vertebral artery (VA)-PICA bifurcation. The PICA branching from the right VA was enlarged, tortuous, and crossed the midline to supply both cerebellar hemispheres...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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