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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087928/factors-associated-with-non-completion-of-follow-up-33-month-latent-tuberculous-infection-treatment-trial
#1
R N Moro, T R Sterling, J Saukkonen, A Vernon, C R Horsburgh, R E Chaisson, C D Hamilton, M E Villarino, S Goldberg
<h2>SETTING:</h2><p>A post-hoc exploratory analysis of a randomized, open-label clinical trial thatenrolled 8053 participants from the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Spain.</p><h2>OBJECTIVE:</h2><p>To assess factors associated with non-completion of study follow-up (NCF) in a 33-month latent tuberculous infection treatment trial, PREVENT TB.</p><h2>DESIGN:</h2><p>Participants were randomized to receive 3 months of weekly directly observed therapy vs...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081178/gender-differences-in-hiv-care-among-criminal-justice-involved-persons-baseline-data-from-the-care-corrections-study
#2
Curt Beckwith, Breana Uhrig Castonguay, Claudia Trezza, Lauri Bazerman, Rudy Patrick, Alice Cates, Halli Olsen, Ann Kurth, Tao Liu, James Peterson, Irene Kuo
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals recently released from incarceration have suboptimal linkage and engagement in community HIV care. We conducted a study to evaluate an information and communication technology intervention to increase linkage to community care among HIV-infected persons recently involved in the criminal justice (CJ) system. Baseline characteristics including risk behaviors and HIV care indicators are reported and stratified by gender. METHODS: We recruited HIV-infected individuals in the District of Columbia jail and persons with a recent history of incarceration through community and street outreach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079721/an-exploratory-study-to-assess-individual-and-structural-level-barriers-associated-with-poor-retention-and-re-engagement-in-care-among-persons-living-with-hiv-aids
#3
Jonathan Colasanti, Natalie Stahl, Eugene W Farber, Carlos Del Rio, Wendy S Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Retention in care is the most challenging step along the HIV care continuum. Many patients who engage in care and achieve viral suppression have care interruptions, characterized by moving in and out of care ("churn"). Poor retention has clinical consequences and contributes to new HIV transmissions, but how to predict or prevent it remains elusive. This study sought to understand the relationship between individual- and structural-level barriers, and poor retention for persons living with HIV/AIDS in Atlanta, GA...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072650/posterior-wall-osteotomy-of-the-acetabulum-to-access-incarcerated-marginal-impaction
#4
Amanda J Schroeder, Frank R Avilucea, Michael T Archdeacon
: Marginal impaction of the acetabulum is typically accessible through fracture planes specific to the nature of the injury. Infrequently, however, incarcerated marginal impaction or free osteochondral fragments are not accessible through these existing fracture planes. As such, alternative methods to access these articular pieces must be considered to ensure adequate reduction. We describe an osteotomy of the posterior wall to access incarcerated fragments and marginal impaction of the acetabulum, enabling concentric articular reduction...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069880/repair-of-a-bowel-containing-scrotal-hernia-with-incarceration-contributed-by-femorofemoral-bypass-graft
#5
Gaurav Sharma, Jonathan A Schouten, Kamal M F Itani
The rising use of endovascular techniques utilizing femoral artery access may increase the frequency with which surgeons face the challenge of hernia repair in reoperative groins-which may or may not include a vascular graft. We present a case where a vascular graft contributed to an acute presentation and complicated dissection, and review the literature. A 67-year-old man who had undergone prior endovascular aneurysm repair via open bilateral femoral artery access and concomitant prosthetic femorofemoral bypass, presented with an incarcerated, scrotal inguinal hernia...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065894/socio-neuro-risk-factors-for-suicidal-behavior-in-criminal-offenders-with-psychotic-disorders
#6
Carla L Harenski, Michael Brook, David S Kosson, Juan R Bustillo, Keith A Harenski, Michael F Caldwell, Gregory J Van Rybroek, Michael Koenigs, Jean Decety, David M Thornton, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
Relative to the general population, individuals with psychotic disorders have a higher risk of suicide. Suicide risk is also elevated in criminal offenders. Thus, psychotic-disordered individuals with antisocial tendencies may form an especially high-risk group. We built upon prior risk analyses by examining whether neurobehavioral correlates of social cognition were associated with suicidal behavior in criminal offenders with psychotic disorders. We assessed empathic accuracy and brain structure in four groups: (i) incarcerated offenders with psychotic disorders and past suicide attempts, (ii) incarcerated offenders with psychotic disorders and no suicide attempts, (iii) incarcerated offenders without psychotic disorders and (iv) community non-offenders without psychotic disorders...
January 8, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064088/asylum-seekers-alleging-torture-in-their-countries-evaluation-of-a-french-center
#7
Renaud Clément, David Lebossé, Lucia Barrios, Olivier Rodat
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 6-year period, 570 survivors gave consent to this study and were examined by forensic medical doctors in academic French hospital. They evaluated with the aim of cataloguing the physical evidence of torture. Sociological data, declared violence (single physical altercation, repeated physical violence less than one year or more than one year, incarceration not more than one week or more than 1 week), and method of violence (blows by blunt object, crushing, burns, electrical shocks, attempted drowning, smothering, incision, or gunshot) were studied...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063011/the-unequal-consequences-of-mass-incarceration-for-children
#8
Kristin Turney
A growing literature has documented the mostly deleterious intergenerational consequences of paternal incarceration, but less research has considered heterogeneity in these relationships. In this article, I use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,065) to estimate the heterogeneous relationship between paternal incarceration and children's problem behaviors (internalizing behaviors, externalizing behaviors, and early juvenile delinquency) and cognitive skills (reading comprehension, math comprehension, and verbal ability) in middle childhood...
January 6, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060860/prevalence-and-incidence-of-hcv-infection-among-prisoners-in-central-brazil
#9
Marco Antonio Moreira Puga, Larissa Melo Bandeira, Mauricio Antonio Pompilio, Julio Croda, Grazielli Rocha de Rezende, Luiz Fernando Paiva Dorisbor, Tayana Serpa Ortiz Tanaka, Gabriela Alves Cesar, Sheila Araújo Teles, Simone Simionatto, Alisson Richard Teixeira Novais, Bruna Nepomuceno, Lisie Souza Castro, Barbara Vieira do Lago, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro
The aim of this multicenter, cross sectional study was to assess the prevalence, incidence and associated risk factors among incarcerated populations from twelve Brazilian prisons. The total of 3,368 individuals from twelve prisons was randomly recruited between March 2013 and March 2014. Participants were interviewed, and provided blood samples which were tested for antibodies to Hepatitis C (HCV ab). One year after the first investigation, a cohort study was conducted with 1,656 inmates who participated the cross sectional study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060202/the-relationship-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-criminality-in-juvenile-offenders
#10
Wayne A Gordon, Lisa A Spielman, Amanda E Hahn-Ketter, Karla Therese L Sy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and criminal behavior in youth who are incarcerated or on probation in Texas. SETTING: Seven juvenile justice facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Juvenile offenders in state or county correctional facilities or on probation. DESIGN: Screening for TBI was conducted among adolescents at 7 juvenile justice centers. MAIN MEASURES: Participants were administered the Brain Injury Screening Questionnaire, and results were linked to participants' offense history and psychiatric diagnoses...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039008/risk-factors-for-severe-complications-of-operative-mandibular-fractures
#11
Brian J Christensen, Donald E Mercante, John P Neary, Brett J King
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to identify the risk factors for major complications developing during the operative treatment of mandibular fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective medical record review of patients who had undergone open reduction, internal fixation of mandibular fractures from August 1, 2012 to December 31, 2014 at a large, urban teaching hospital and level 1 trauma center. The outcome variable of interest was major complications, defined as the occurrence of any one of the following events: hospital readmission, return to the operating room, and a prolonged, unexpected postoperative stay...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034772/incidence-and-outcomes-of-ventral-hernia-repair-after-robotic-retropubic-prostatectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-of-570-consecutive-cases
#12
A Ashfaq, K Ahmadieh, A A Shah, E M Garvey, A B Chapital, D J Johnson, K L Harold
BACKGROUND: Robotic retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) has become one of the most commonly performed robotic procedures in the United States. Ventral hernia (VH) has been increasingly recognized as an important complication after laparoscopic procedures, in general. However, data related to VH after robotic procedures is relatively scarce, especially after RRP. With increasing popularity of RRP, the purpose of this study was to look at the incidence of VH and outcomes of ventral hernia repair (VHR) after RRP...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033260/transabdominal-preperitoneal-laparoscopic-approach-for-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-report-of-73-cases
#13
Shuo Yang, Guangyong Zhang, Cuihong Jin, Jinxin Cao, Yilin Zhu, Yingmo Shen, Minggang Wang
To investigate the efficacy, key technical points, and complication management of the transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) approach for incarcerated inguinal hernia repair. Seventy-three patients with incarcerated inguinal hernias underwent TAPP surgery in our department between Jan 2010 and Dec 2015. A retrospective review was performed by analyzing the perioperative data from these patients. The operation was successfully completed in all 73 patients. Operation time was 54.0 ± 18.8 minutes (range, 35-100 minutes)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031056/affective-startle-potentiation-differentiates-primary-and-secondary-variants-of-juvenile-psychopathy
#14
Eva R Kimonis, Kostas A Fanti, Natalie Goulter, Jason Hall
Individuals with psychopathic traits show an attenuated emotional response to aversive stimuli. However, recent evidence suggests heterogeneity in emotional reactivity among individuals with psychopathic or callous-unemotional (CU) traits in the identification of primary and secondary subtypes, or variants. We hypothesized that primary CU variants will respond with blunted affect to negatively valenced stimuli, whereas individuals with a history of childhood maltreatment, fitting with theoretical conceptualizations of secondary psychopathy, will display heightened emotional reactivity...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030604/burden-and-determinants-of-smoking-among-prisoners-with-respiratory-tract-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nine-major-prison-setups-in-northern-ethiopia
#15
Semaw Ferede Abera, Kelemework Adane
BACKGROUND: Morbidity, mortality and a wide range of associated risk factors are disproportionately clustered among prisoners compared to the general population. Smoking is one of the risk factors for the increased burden of unfavorable health outcomes particularly among prisoners. However, little is known about the level and determinants of smoking among the incarcerated population in Ethiopia. METHODS: We collected data from 738 prisoners in nine major prison setups in Tigray region by nurses and clinical officers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027710/prison-experience-and-reoffending
#16
Ming-Li Hsieh, Zachary Hamilton, Kristen M Zgoba
Given that sex offenders have been found to serve longer prison terms compared with other types of violent criminals, it has been suggested that the influence of imprisonment may impact subsequent reoffending. However, institutional factors are often overlooked in risk assessment studies and very few risk assessment instruments include institutional items within their models. The current study explores prison experience explanations for recidivism among convicted sex offenders and indicates that, with respect to time served, both institutional treatment and institutional infractions demonstrate a significant impact...
December 1, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027027/estimating-state-transitions-for-opioid-use-disorders
#17
Emanuel Krebs, Jeong E Min, Elizabeth Evans, Libo Li, Lei Liu, David Huang, Darren Urada, Thomas Kerr, Yih-Ing Hser, Bohdan Nosyk
AIM: The aim was to estimate transitions between periods in and out of treatment, incarceration, and legal supervision, for prescription opioid (PO) and heroin users. METHODS: We captured all individuals admitted for the first time for publicly funded treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) in California (2006 to 2010) with linked mortality and criminal justice data. We used Cox proportional hazards and competing risks models to assess the effect of primary PO use (v...
December 1, 2016: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025736/drug-use-discrimination-predicts-formation-of-high-risk-social-networks-examining-social-pathways-of-discrimination
#18
Natalie D Crawford, Chandra Ford, Abby Rudolph, BoRin Kim, Crystal M Lewis
Experiences of discrimination, or social marginalization and ostracism, may lead to the formation of social networks characterized by inequality. For example, those who experience discrimination may be more likely to develop drug use and sexual partnerships with others who are at increased risk for HIV compared to those without experiences of discrimination. This is critical as engaging in risk behaviors with others who are more likely to be HIV positive can increase one's risk of HIV. We used log-binomial regression models to examine the relationship between drug use, racial and incarceration discrimination with changes in the composition of one's risk network among 502 persons who use drugs...
December 26, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018890/association-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-incarceration-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Kathryn E McIsaac, Andrea Moser, Rahim Moineddin, Leslie Anne Keown, Geoff Wilton, Lynn A Stewart, Angela Colantonio, Avery B Nathens, Flora I Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is recent evidence to suggest that sustaining a traumatic brain injury (TBI) increases risk of criminal justice system involvement, including incarceration. The objective of this study was to explore the association between TBI and risk of incarceration among men and women in Ontario. METHODS: We identified a cohort of 1.418 million young adults (aged 18-28 yr) on July 1, 1997, living in Ontario, Canada, from administrative health records; they were followed to Dec...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012812/disparities-in-tuberculosis-treatment-completion-by-incarceration-status-u-s-1999-2011
#20
Kiren Mitruka, Tyson Volkmann, Robert H Pratt, J Steve Kammerer
INTRODUCTION: Treatment completion is the cornerstone of tuberculosis (TB) control strategy globally. Although the majority of reported TB cases in the U.S. have documented treatment completion, individuals diagnosed while incarcerated are less likely to have documentation of whether or not they completed treatment. This study assessed trends and correlates of no documented treatment completion among individuals incarcerated at diagnosis. METHODS: U.S. National TB Surveillance System (1999-2011) data on cases eligible for treatment completion were analyzed during 2014-2015...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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