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Derek A Kreager, Candace Kruttschnitt
Inmate social organization was once a central area within criminology that stalled just as incarceration rates dramatically climbed. In this review, we return to seminal works on this topic before summarizing the changes that mass incarceration wrought in correctional contexts and the potential impacts of these changes for inmate society. We then review the few recent studies that document contemporary inmate social life and call for increased researcher-practitioner partnerships that embed criminologists within carceral settings...
2018: Annu Rev Criminol
Nina T Harawa, Heather Guentzel-Frank, William Jason McCuller, John K Williams, Gregorio Millet, Lisa Belcher, Heather A Joseph, Ricky N Bluthenthal
We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a six-session behavioral intervention designed to reduce frequency of condomless sex and numbers of sex partners among recently incarcerated, bisexual Black men. One hundred participants were assigned to the small-group intervention, Men in Life Environments (MILE), and 112 were assigned to the control condition. Among those assigned to MILE, 69% attended at least one session, 88% of whom attended all sessions. At 3-months' follow-up, large reductions in risk behaviors were reported by both groups...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Yoshihiko Satake, Yuji Tomori, Takuya Sawaizumi, Mitsuhiko Nanno, Norie Kodera, Shinro Takai
Medial epicondyle fractures of the humerus account for 11%-20% of all elbow injuries in children. Although intra-articular incarceration of the medial epicondyle occurs in 5%-18% of medial epicondyle fractures associated with an elbow dislocation, the mechanism of intrusion of the fracture fragment is unknown. We report a case of an irreducible elbow fracture and dislocation due to incarceration of the medial epicondyle fragment of the humerus, classified as a Watson-Jones type 3 fracture of the medial epicondyle, and present the mechanism of the intra-articular incarceration of the medial epicondyle fragment...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
William Sledge, Julia Rozanova, Julianne Dorset
OBJECTIVE: To provide a follow up of a 1976 study of the impact of captivity on U.S. Air Force (USAF) POWs and USAF Controls matched for time in Southeast Asia, military rank and aircraft crew position. METHOD: Qualitative study of replies to open ended questions of positive and negative changes due to their captivity/combat experiences made by participants (POWs and Controls) who replied in both 1976 and in 2003. RESULTS: Both groups acknowledged positive and negative effects of the experiences in 1976...
March 13, 2018: Psychiatry
William E Cunningham, Robert E Weiss, Terry Nakazono, Mark A Malek, Steve J Shoptaw, Susan L Ettner, Nina T Harawa
Importance: Diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, linkage and retention in care, and adherence to antiretroviral therapy are steps in the care continuum enabling consistent viral suppression for people living with HIV, extending longevity and preventing further transmission. While incarcerated, people living with HIV receive antiretroviral therapy and achieve viral suppression more consistently than after they are released. No interventions have shown sustained viral suppression after jail release...
March 12, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Lindsey A Drayton, Laurie R Santos, Arielle Baskin-Sommers
Psychopathic individuals display a chronic and flagrant disregard for the welfare of others through their callous and manipulative behavior. Historically, this behavior is thought to result from deficits in social-affective processing. However, we show that at least some psychopathic behaviors may be rooted in a cognitive deficit, specifically an inability to automatically take another person's perspective. Unlike prior studies that rely solely on controlled theory of mind (ToM) tasks, we employ a task that taps into automatic ToM processing...
March 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vaughn R Steele, J Michael Maurer, Mohammad R Arbabshirani, Eric D Claus, Brandi C Fink, Vikram Rao, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
BACKGROUND: Successfully treating illicit drug use has become paramount, yet elusive. Devising specialized treatment interventions could increase positive outcomes, but it is necessary to identify risk factors of poor long-term outcomes to develop specialized, efficacious treatments. We investigated whether functional network connectivity (FNC) measures were predictive of substance abuse treatment completion using machine learning pattern classification of functional magnetic resonance imaging data...
February 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Gerod Hall, Sarah Walters, Hannah Gould, Sungwoo Lim
BACKGROUND: Homeless persons with substance use disorders (SUD) have high disease risk, poor access to healthcare, and are frequent users of Medicaid and other social services. Low-demand supportive housing with no prerequisites for treatment or sobriety has been shown to improve housing stability and decrease public service use for chronically homeless persons with serious mental illness (SMI) and chronic medical conditions. The impact of low-demand housing on individuals with SUD but without co-occurring SMI has been little studied...
March 12, 2018: Substance Abuse
Adel Sedrati, Amal Drizi, Bruno van Herendael, Dusan Djokovic
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss the hysteroscopic aspects of incarcerated omentum through uterine perforation caused by previous dilatation and curettage (D&C) for incomplete first-trimester abortion. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Constantine University Hospital, Constantine, Algeria. PATIENT: A 40-year-old, G3P2 patient, with a history of an incomplete first-trimester spontaneous abortion, treated 6 months before by D&C, requiring medical assistance due to moderate, chronic pelvic pain...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Benjamin Ammon, Princess Iroh, Yordanos Tiruneh, Xilong Li, Brian T Montague, Josiah D Rich, Ank E Nijhawan
The criminal justice system is a critical area of focus to improve HIV outcomes and reduce health disparities. We analyzed demographic, incarceration, socioeconomic, and clinical data for HIV-positive persons released to the community from the Dallas County Jail (1450 incarcerations, 1111 unique individuals) between January 2011 and November 2013. The study population was 68% black and 14% Hispanic; overall linkage to care within 90 days of release was 34%. In adjusted analyses, Hispanics were more likely to link than whites (aOR 2...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
S Ben Saad, B Melki, L Douik El Gharbi, F Soraya, N Chaouch, H Aouina, J Cherif, A Hamzaoui, A Merghli, H Daghfous, F Tritar
BACKGROUND: Pneumothorax is a serious complication of cavitary pulmonary tuberculosis. The aim of this study was to describe clinical futures, to highlight challenges of its management. METHODS: A retrospective multicentric and descriptive study including 65 patients treated for PT (1999-2015) was conducted to figure out clinical futures and its work-up. RESULTS: The mean age was 37.8 years. The sex ratio was 3.6. Smoking history and incarceration were noted respectively in 67...
March 6, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
Hirofumi Kawanaka, Shoji Hiroshige, Nobuhide Kubo, Teijiro Hirashita, Takeshi Masuda, Yushi Kaisyakuji, Tadahiro Tajiri, Akinori Egashira, Toshifumi Matsumoto, Tokujiro Yano
BACKGROUND: Obturator hernia (OH) is a rare but serious disease associated with high morbidity and mortality because of patients' advanced age and comorbidities. This study evaluated the feasibility of a laparoscopic approach for OH. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 32 patients (median age: 84 years; 31 women) with OH treated between 2003 and 2016. RESULTS: Five patients with incidental OH underwent totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair...
March 6, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
H Hande Aydinli, Colin Peirce, Erman Aytac, Feza H Remzi
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal wound closure is a challenge in patients undergoing colorectal surgery with a complex history of multiple abdominopelvic operations. Loss of domain of the abdominal fascia because of prior laparotomies precludes the use of simple, everyday abdominal wound closure techniques. Furthermore, ongoing intra-abdominal sepsis, with or without a concurrent entero- or colocutaneous fistula, increases the risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality in this patient population...
April 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Karine Moschetti, Véra Zabrodina, Tenzin Wangmo, Alberto Holly, Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, Bernice S Elger, Bruno Gravier
BACKGROUND: Prison health systems are subject to increasing pressures given the specific health needs of a growing and aging prison population. Identifying the drivers of medical spending among incarcerated individuals is therefore key for health care governance in prisons. This study assesses the determinants of individual health care expenditures within the prisons of the canton of Vaud, a large region of Switzerland. METHODS: We use a unique dataset linking demographic and prison stay characteristics as well as objective measures of morbidity to detailed medical invoice data...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Imad El Moussaoui, Augustin Limbga, Manke Dika, Abdelilah Mehdi
Introduction Rectal prolapse is the complete protrusion of the rectum through the anal canal, incarceration rarely complicates rectal prolapse. Even more rarely, it becomes strangulated and gangrenous, necessitating emergency surgery. Case presentation We present the first reported case of strangulated acute rectal prolapse as the first manifestation of rectal prolapse. The patient was a 26-year-old man who presented with a 20×6 cm semi-spherical mass extra-anally. Rectosigmoidectomy with sacral rectopexy was performed, resecting 20 cm of the incarcerated rectum and sigmoid colon...
January 1, 2018: Scottish Medical Journal
Nathan R Blue, Cristina Murray-Krezan, Shana Drake-Lavelle, Daniel Weinberg, Bradley D Holbrook, Vivek R Katukuri, Lawrence Leeman, Ellen L Mozurkewich
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use has been shown to increase blood pressure in non-pregnant adults. Because of this, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists suggests avoiding their use in women with postpartum hypertension; however, evidence to support this recommendation is lacking. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to test the hypothesis that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, adversely affect postpartum blood pressure control in women with preeclampsia with severe features...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Katherine Smith Fornili
The purpose of this column is to summarize important aspects of the racialized War on Drugs, including (a) the school-to-prison pipeline, (b) the for-profit prison system ("prison industrial complex"), (c) racialized mass incarceration, and (d) the disproportionately negative impact of the War on Drugs on families and communities of color. Analysis of critical race theory (CRT), the study of the relationships between race, racism, and power, will provide a cohesive framework for examining these four aspects...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
Bethany G Edwards, Elsa Ermer, Peter Salovey, Kent A Kiehl
Emotional impairment is a core feature of psychopathy, and the disorder has been linked to an inability to recognize and regulate emotion, leading to deficiencies in empathy and difficulties in social functioning. This study investigated associations among psychopathic traits and ability-based emotional intelligence (EI) in female offenders and integrated data with previously published male offender data (Ermer, Kahn, Salovey, & Kiehl, 2012) to examine gender differences in relationships. Results showed that female offenders were impaired in the understanding and management of emotion relative to the general population, and that female offenders scored higher than male offenders in EI...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
Erin McCauley, Kristen Eckstrand, Bethlehem Desta, Ben Bouvier, Brad Brockmann, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein
Purpose: To document the health-related experiences and needs of jail detainees who self-identified as transgender women. Methods: Semistructured interviews with 10 transgender women of color were conducted in a county jail in a mid-sized southern city between 2015 and 2016. Interviews were recorded and transcribed, and later analyzed using a general inductive approach. Results: Participants experienced high levels of abuse and harassment, solitary confinement, mental health issues, and lack of access to hormone treatment...
2018: Transgender Health
Katie Buston
Recruiting, retaining and engaging men in social interventions can be challenging. The focus of this paper is the successful implementation of a parenting programme for incarcerated fathers, delivered in a Young Offender Institution (YOI) in Scotland. Reasons for high levels of recruitment, retention and engagement are explored, with barriers identified. A qualitative design was employed using ethnographic approaches including participant observation of the programme, informal interactions, and formal interviews with programme participants, the facilitators and others involved in managing the programme...
2018: Child care in practice: Northern Ireland journal of multi-disciplinary child care practice
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