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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336237/point-of-care-ultrasound-sonographic-posterior-fat-pad-sign-a%C3%A2-case-report-and-brief-literature-review
#1
Yoshito Okumura, Nestor Maldonado, Kyle Lennon, Bryan McCarty, Philipp Underwood, Mathew Nelson
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of elbow fracture can sometimes be difficult with plain radiography due to overlapping bones, growth plates, and maturing bones in the pediatric population. The radiographic posterior fat pad (PFP) sign is one of the frequently referenced indirect signs of an occult elbow fracture. This sign can be falsely negative if the sign is subtle, and can be falsely positive when the position of the elbow is not flexed at 90 degrees. CASE REPORT: We discuss a case in which sonographic PFP sign helped to diagnose an elbow fracture...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296557/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-academic-training-of-palliative-medicine-residents
#2
Alejandro Vargas-Bermúdez, Andrea Valverde-Vega, Karla Vargas-Aguilar, Andrea Espinoza-Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291128/the-use-of-ultrasound-in-obstetric-anesthesia
#3
Carolyn F Weiniger, Limor Sharoni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review considers an array of recent applications for point-of-care ultrasound in clinical practice including diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that may be relevant for the obstetric anesthesiologist. The rapid advancement of technology and clinical applications for bedside ultrasound in obstetric anesthesiology requires an appraisal of the limitations and uses. RECENT FINDINGS: The review presents the most recent literature describing ultrasound-guided airway assessments, airway management, cricothyroidotomy, transthoracic echocardiography, gastric volume assessments, point-of-care lung ultrasound diagnoses, intracranial pressure assessments, vascular access, neuraxial blocks, and transversus abdominis plane blocks...
March 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284770/point-of-care-ultrasonography-to-assist-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-subluxation-of-the-radial-head-in-pediatric-patients-a-case-series
#4
Faruk Güngör, Taylan Kılıç
BACKGROUND: A subluxation of the radial head (SRH) is a clinical condition that commonly occurs in children under 6 years of age. History and physical examination findings typically include a child who presents with an elbow held in extension and with forearm pronation, after having suffered significant longitudinal traction on the arm, or after a fall on an outstretched hand. The diagnosis is often clinically obvious. The injury responds dramatically to closed reduction, and usually no imaging is required...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284769/sustainable-resuscitation-ultrasound-education-in-a-low-resource-environment-the-kumasi-experience
#5
Chelsea A Tafoya, Matthew J Tafoya, Maxwell Osei-Ampofo, Rockefeller A Oteng, Torben K Becker
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care-ultrasound (POCUS) is an increasingly important tool for emergency physicians and has become a standard component of emergency medicine residency training in high-income countries. Cardiopulmonary ultrasound (CPUS) is emerging as an effective way to quickly and accurately assess patients who present to the emergency department with shock and dyspnea. Use of POCUS, including CPUS, is also becoming more prevalent in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs); however, formal ultrasound training for emergency medicine resident physicians in these settings is not widely available...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279544/inferior-vena-cava-filter-limb-fracture-with-embolization-to-the-right-ventricle
#6
Bradley S Jackson, Mykel Sepula, Jared T Marx, Chad M Cannon
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter and filter limb embolization is a known phenomenon, with a prevalence of up to 25% for certain filter types. Most commonly, the site of embolization is to the heart. Point-of-care ultrasound is an easily accessible imaging modality that should be utilized when considering IVC filter complications. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old woman with a history of metastatic sarcoma and IVC filter placement for deep venous thrombosis presented to the Emergency Department (ED) for chest pain...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271386/serial-lung-and-ivc-ultrasound-in-the-assessment-of-congestive-heart-failure
#7
Rachel Spevack, Mohamed Al Shukairi, Dev Jayaraman, Jerrald Dankoff, Lawrence Rudski, Jed Lipes
BACKGROUND: Management of congestive heart failure (CHF) is dependent on clinical assessments of volume status, which are subjective and imprecise. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is useful in the diagnosis of CHF, but how POCUS findings correlate with therapy remains unknown. This study aimed to determine whether the changes in clinical evaluation of CHF with treatment are mirrored with changes in the number of B lines on lung ultrasound (LUS) and inferior vena cava (IVC) size. In this prospective observational study, investigators performed serial clinical and ultrasound assessments within 24 h of admission (T1), day 1 in hospital (T2) and within 24 h of discharge (T3)...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268119/effects-of-student-performed-point-of-care-ultrasound-on-physician-diagnosis-and-management-of-patients-in-the-emergency-department
#8
Daniel S Udrea, Andrew Sumnicht, Deanna Lo, Logan Villarreal, Stephanie Gondra, Richard Chyan, Audra Wisham, Vi Am Dinh
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing integration of ultrasound training into medical education, there is an inadequate body of research demonstrating the benefits and practicality of medical student-performed point-of-care ultrasound (SP-POCUS) in the clinical setting. OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects that SP-POCUS can have on physician diagnosis and management of patients in the emergency department, with a secondary purpose of evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of SP-POCUS...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259843/point-of-care-cardiac-ultrasound-techniques-in-the-physical-examination-better-at-the-bedside
#9
REVIEW
Bruce J Kimura
The development of hand-carried, battery-powered ultrasound devices has created a new practice in ultrasound diagnostic imaging, called 'point-of-care' ultrasound (POCUS). Capitalising on device portability, POCUS is marked by brief and limited ultrasound imaging performed by the physician at the bedside to increase diagnostic accuracy and expediency. The natural evolution of POCUS techniques in general medicine, particularly with pocket-sized devices, may be in the development of a basic ultrasound examination similar to the use of the binaural stethoscope...
March 4, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258634/an-easy-to-make-low-cost-ultrasound-phantom-for-simulation-training-in-abscess-identification-and-aspiration
#10
Juliana Wilson, Lorraine Ng, Vaughn Browne, Resa E Lewiss
We have created a low-cost and easy to make phantom for abscess identification using point-of-care ultrasound. The phantom also allows needle tracking and abscess aspiration using ultrasound guidance.
March 4, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258593/hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-in-youth-athletes-successful-screening-with-point-of-care-ultrasound-by-medical-students
#11
John C Fox, Shadi Lahham, Graciela Maldonado, Suzi Klaus, Bassil Aish, Lauren V Sylwanowicz, Justin Yanuck, Sean P Wilson, Mason Shieh, Craig L Anderson, Carter English, Ryan Mayer, Uthara R Mohan
OBJECTIVES: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a life-threatening genetic cardiovascular disease that often goes undetected in young athletes. Neither history nor physical examination are reliable to identify those at risk. The objective of this study is to determine whether minimally trained medical student volunteers can use ultrasound to screen for HCM. METHODS: This was a prospective enrollment of young athletes performed at 12 area high schools and three area colleges, between May 2012 and August 2013...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258591/point-of-care-ultrasound-use-accuracy-and-impact-on-clinical-decision-making-in-rwanda-hospitals
#12
Patricia C Henwood, David C Mackenzie, Andrew S Liteplo, Joshua S Rempell, Alice F Murray, Megan M Leo, Damas Dukundane, Anthony J Dean, Stephen Rulisa, Vicki E Noble
OBJECTIVES: Few studies of point-of-care ultrasound training and use in low resource settings have reported the impact of examinations on clinical management or the longer-term quality of trainee-performed studies. We characterized the long-term effect of a point-of-care ultrasound program on clinical decision making, and evaluated the quality of clinician-performed ultrasound studies. METHODS: We conducted point-of-care ultrasound training for physicians from Rwandan hospitals...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256349/ultrasound-assisted-removal-of-a-fishbone-stuck-in-a-tongue-in-the-emergency-department
#13
David Kanon, Paige Skinner, William A Kennedy, Angela R Cirilli
BACKGROUND: Foreign body (FB) impaction in the oropharyngeal region-and specifically the tongue-is a common problem in the emergency department that often requires specialty consultation and admission for operative intervention. Over the years, the use of point of care ultrasound (POCUS) has increased ease and success of FB removal in other anatomic regions, but is only rarely reported for extraction of FB from the tongue outside of the operating room. CASE REPORT: This case demonstrates a unique case of ultrasound-guided removal of a fishbone from the tongue in the emergency department after blind attempts failed...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255470/ultrasound-utility-in-the-diagnosis-of-a-morel-lavall%C3%A3-e-lesion
#14
Scott LaTulip, Rameshwar R Rao, Alan Sielaff, Nik Theyyunni, John Burkhardt
Morel-Lavallée lesions are uncommon injuries that can be associated with significant comorbidities if not detected early. Rapid diagnosis in the Emergency Department could significantly improve patient outcomes. We describe the diagnosis of such a lesion through the use of ultrasound imaging in the Emergency Department to utilize a fast, cost-effective imaging technique that does not subject the patient to radiation exposure. Our patient received surgical consultation but improved with conservative management...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248760/precision-medicine-with-point-of-care-ultrasound-the-future-of-personalized-pediatric-emergency-care
#15
David Kessler, Lorraine Ng, Mark Tessaro, Jason Fischer
The Precision Medicine Initiative spearheaded by the National Institute of Health has pioneered a new model of health care focused on health care delivery that is tailored to an individual. Medical advances have already provided clinicians with the tools to better predict treatment outcomes based on the individual needs of each patient's disease process. Three-dimensional printing allows medical devices and implants to be custom made-to-order. Technological advances in preoperative imaging have augmented the ability for surgeons to plan a specific surgical approach for each patient...
March 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237381/point-of-care-ultrasound-utilizations-in-the-emergency-airway-management-an-evidence-based-review
#16
Ali Pourmand, Danny Lee, Steven Davis, Kelsey Dorwart, Hamid Shokoohi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214369/diagnostic-accuracy-of-history-physical-exam-laboratory-tests-and-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-pediatric-acute-appendicitis-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Roshanak Benabbas, Mark Hanna, Jay Shah, Richard Sinert
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common surgical emergency in children. Accurate and timely diagnosis is crucial but challenging due to atypical presentations and the inherent difficulty of obtaining a reliable history and physical examination in younger children. OBJECTIVES: To determine the utility of history, physical exam, laboratory tests, Pediatric Appendicitis Score (PAS) and Emergency Department-Point-of-Care Ultrasound (ED-POCUS) in the diagnosis of AA in ED pediatric patients...
February 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211004/point-of-care-ultrasound-and-doppler-ultrasound-evaluation-of-vascular-injuries-in-penetrating-and-blunt-trauma
#18
REVIEW
Miguel Angel Montorfano, Fernando Pla, Leonardo Vera, Omar Cardillo, Stefano Geniere Nigra, Lisandro Miguel Montorfano
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe point-of-care ultrasound and Color flow Duplex Doppler characteristics of penetrating and blunt trauma-related vascular injuries of the limbs and neck. METHODS: Penetrating and blunt trauma-related vascular injuries such as vein disruption, intimal flap, deep vein thrombosis, arterial dissection, pseudoaneurysm, and arteriovenous fistulae are discussed in this manuscript. Images of the most significant lesions of our personal clinical experience are presented to illustrate point-of-care ultrasound and Color flow Duplex Doppler ultrasound findings...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211003/an-easy-to-build-low-budget-point-of-care-ultrasound-simulator-from-linux-to-a-web-based-solution
#19
Domagoj Damjanovic, Ulrich Goebel, Benedikt Fischer, Martin Huth, Hartmut Breger, Hartmut Buerkle, Axel Schmutz
BACKGROUND: Hands-on training in point-of-care ultrasound (POC-US) should ideally comprise bedside teaching, as well as simulated clinical scenarios. High-fidelity phantoms and portable ultrasound simulation systems are commercially available, however, at considerable costs. This limits their suitability for medical schools. A Linux-based software for Emergency Department Ultrasound Simulation (edus2TM) was developed by Kulyk and Olszynski in 2011. Its feasibility for POC-US education has been well-documented, and shows good acceptance...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207446/why-anesthesiologists-must-incorporate-focused-cardiac-ultrasound-into-daily-practice
#20
Bradley J Coker, Josh M Zimmerman
The size, availability, cost, and quality of modern ultrasound devices have, for the first time in modern medicine, enabled point-of-care ultrasound by the noncardiologist physician. The appropriate application of focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) by anesthesiologists has the potential to alter management and affect outcomes for a wide range of patients. In this article, the indications, benefits, and limitations of FoCUS are described. The training and equipment required to perform FoCUS are also discussed...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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