keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pre-natal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207944/incidence-of-breast-cancer-in-chinese-women-exposed-to-the-1959-1961-great-chinese-famine
#1
Dandan He, Yuan Fang, Marc J Gunter, Dongli Xu, Yanping Zhao, Jie Zhou, Hong Fang, Wang Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: The association of malnutrition in early life with breast cancer risk has been studied in Europe by investigating survivors of the Dutch Hunger Winter Famine, but not in China. We evaluated the effect of exposure to the 1959-1961 Great Leap Forward famine on subsequent breast cancer risk in Chinese women. METHODS: A total of 59,060 women born in 1955~1966 were recruited from Minhang district, Shanghai, China, during the period 2008 to 2012. A baseline survey was conducted to collect demographic characteristics and known risk factors for breast cancer...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195628/family-planning-decisions-for-parents-of-children-with-a-rare-genetic-condition-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
Melanie Gee, Hilary Piercy, Katarzyna Machaczek
Expansion of newborn screening programmes increases the complexity around reproductive choices, both in terms of the increased number of parents faced with making reproductive decisions from the earliest days of their affected child's life, and the number of conditions for which such decisions have to be made. We conducted a scoping review to explore: (i) reproductive decision-making among parents of children with recessive genetic conditions; and, (ii) the involvement of healthcare services in facilitating and supporting those decisions...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188141/the-relationship-between-egg-size-and-helper-number-in-cooperative-breeders-a-meta-analysis-across-species
#3
Tanmay Dixit, Sinead English, Dieter Lukas
Background: Life history theory predicts that mothers should adjust reproductive investment depending on benefits of current reproduction and costs of reduced future reproductive success. These costs and benefits may in turn depend on the breeding female's social environment. Cooperative breeders provide an ideal system to test whether changes in maternal investment are associated with the social conditions mothers experience. As alloparental helpers assist in offspring care, larger groups might reduce reproductive costs for mothers or alternatively indicate attractive conditions for reproduction...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175484/effects-of-hypoxia-at-different-life-stages-on-locomotory-muscle-phenotype-in-deer-mice-native-to-high-altitudes
#4
Kirsten E Nikel, Naman K Shanishchara, Catherine M Ivy, Neal J Dawson, Graham R Scott
Animals native to high altitude must overcome the constraining effects of hypoxia on tissue O2 supply to support routine metabolism, thermoregulation in the cold, and exercise. Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) native to high altitude have evolved an enhanced aerobic capacity in hypoxia, along with increased capillarity and oxidative capacity of locomotory muscle. Here, we examined whether exposure to chronic hypoxia during development or adulthood affects muscle phenotype. Deer mice from a highland population were bred in captivity at sea level, and exposed to normoxia or one of four treatments of hypobaric hypoxia (12kPa O2, simulating hypoxia at ~4300m): adult hypoxia (6-8weeks), post-natal hypoxia (birth to adulthood), pre-natal hypoxia (before conception to adulthood), and parental hypoxia (in which mice were conceived and raised in normoxia, but their parents were previously exposed to hypoxia)...
November 22, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170197/-the-more-we-change-the-more-we-remain-the-same-female-feticide-continues-unabated-in-india
#5
Sudip Bhattacharya, Amarjeet Singh
In North India, preference for sons has been blamed for repeated incidents of female feticide, despite the legislation in the form of the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 2002. We describe how a team of local private doctors offer package deals to pregnant women and their families in rural areas. The fetal sex is determined at night using a portable ultrasonography machine.If the fetus is a girl, an immediate induced abortion is offered in the clients' home. If complications arise, women are advised to attend hospital...
November 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110827/long-term-outcomes-of-congenital-lung-malformations
#6
Nigel J Hall, Michael P Stanton
Congenital lung malformations comprise a group of anatomical abnormalities of the respiratory tree including congenital cystic malformations, bronchopulmonary sequestrations, bronchogenic cyst, bronchial atresia, and congenital lobar emphysema. These anomalies are detected with increasing frequency by pre-natal sonography, but may also present for the first time with symptoms in childhood or later life. When symptomatic, there is little controversy that resection is indicated, which is usually curative. When a lesion is asymptomatic there is greater debate regarding the benefit of resection versus continued observation...
October 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037529/the-relationship-between-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-airflow-obstruction-in-us-children-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#7
Stacey-Ann Whittaker Brown, Bian Liu, Emanuela Taioli
BACKGROUND: It has been difficult to determine the individual impact of prenatal and postnatal childhood tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) on childhood lung function, as children are often exposed to both. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the association between current TSE, as measured by using serum cotinine levels, and airflow obstruction (defined as the ratio of FEV1/FVC less than the lower limit of normal) while adjusting for self-reported prenatal TSE...
October 14, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987842/post-natal-management-of-myelomeningocele-outcome-with-a-multidisciplinary-team-experience
#8
P A Beuriat, I Poirot, F Hameury, A Szathmari, C Rousselle, I Sabatier, F Di Rocco, C Mottolese
INTRODUCTION: Myelomeningocele (MMC) is a complex neural tube defect. Few studies report the results of modern post-natal management. The goal of this study was to report the long term outcome of a multidisciplinary approach of MMC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six MMC were included. Clinical status was evaluated prospectively. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 8,1 years. The level of the malformation was sacral or lower lumbar (≤ L4) in 27 cases, higher lumbar (between L1 and L3) in 5 cases and thoracic in 14 cases...
October 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972670/ultrasonographic-aspects-of-the-leontopithecus-gestation-lesson-1840-callitrichidae-primates
#9
Marcelline Santos Luz, Fabrício Delgado Vidal, Carlos Henrique Freitas Burity, Denise de Mello Bobány, Alcides Pissinatti
BACKGROUND: There is a concern about conservation of endangered species today. Among this species, the Leontopithecus (Lesson, 1840) is outstanding. Its population has been whirling reduced. So far the reproductive physiology of Leontopithecus has few studies, it is fundamental requisite to preserve this species. Obstetric sonography has become an essential method in reproductive management of primates. METHOD: This method is very helpful to detect early pregnancy and evaluate some deficiency of fetal growth...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954035/preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-associated-to-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#10
Bianca Bianco, Denise Maria Christofolini, Gabriel Seixas Conceição, Caio Parente Barbosa
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common muscle disease found in male children. Currently, there is no effective therapy available for Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients. Therefore, it is essential to make a prenatal diagnosis and provide genetic counseling to reduce the birth of such boys. We report a case of preimplantation genetic diagnosis associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The couple E.P.R., 38-year-old, symptomatic patient heterozygous for a 2 to 47 exon deletion mutation in DMD gene and G...
September 21, 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953269/small-for-gestational-age-prevalence-risk-factors-in-central-appalachian-states-with-mountain-top-mining
#11
Hamid Ferdosi, Steve H Lamm, Nana Ama Afari-Dwamena, Elisabeth Dissen, Rusan Chen, Ji Li, Manning Feinleib
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for small-for-gestational age (SGA) for counties in central Appalachian states (Kentucky (KY), Tennessee (TN), Virginia (VA), and West Virginia (WV)) with varied coal mining activities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Live birth certificate files (1990-2002) were used for obtaining SGA prevalence rates for mothers based on the coal mining activities of their counties of residence, mountain-top mining (MTM) activities, underground mining activities but no mountain-top mining activity (non-MTM), or having no mining activities (non-mining)...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946647/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-pregnant-women-towards-varicella-and-their-children-s-varicella-vaccination-evidence-from-three-distrcits-in-zhejiang-province-china
#12
Yu Hu, Yaping Chen, Ying Wang, Hui Liang
Background: The objectives of this study were to examine the knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) towards varicella and varicella vaccine (VarV) vaccination among pregnant women in three distrcits in Zhejiang Province, China. Methods: From 1 January to 31 March 2014, pregnant women with ≥12 gestational weeks were recruited and received a self-administrated questionnaire. The first dose of VarV (VarV1) vaccination status of children from present pregnancy was extracted at 24 months of age from Zhejiang provincial immunization information system (ZJIIS)...
September 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902327/anxiety-in-pregnancy-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#13
Mônica Maria de Jesus Silva, Denismar Alves Nogueira, Maria José Clapis, Eliana Peres Rocha Carvalho Leite
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the occurrence of anxiety in pregnant women and the factors associated with its occurrence; comparing the presence of anxiety in each gestational trimester. METHOD: A descriptive, correlational cross-sectional study. Data were collected from January to May 2013 using the Hospital Anxiety Subscale and a form composed of socioeconomic characterization; gestational anamnesis; life-changing habits and events; preexisting conditions and interpersonal relationships...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853439/u-s-epidemiology-of-cannabis-use-and-associated-problems
#14
Deborah S Hasin
This review provides an overview of the changing U.S. epidemiology of cannabis use and associated problems. Adults and adolescents increasingly view cannabis as harmless, and some can use cannabis without harm. However, potential problems include harms from pre-natal exposure and unintentional childhood exposure; decline in educational or occupational functioning after early adolescent use, and in adulthood, impaired driving and vehicle crashes; cannabis use disorders (CUD), cannabis withdrawal, and psychiatric comorbidity...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832758/risk-factors-for-syphilis-in-women-case-control-study
#15
Vilma Costa de Macêdo, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Paulo Germano de Frias, Luciana Maria Delgado Romaguera, Silvana de Fátima Ferreira Caires, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sociodemographic, behavioral, and health care factors related to the occurrence of syphilis in women treated at public maternity hospitals. METHODS: This is a case-control study (239 cases and 322 controls) with women admitted to seven maternity hospitals in the municipality of Recife, Brazil, from July 2013 to July 2014. Eligible women were recruited after the result of the VDRL (Venereal Disease Research Laboratory) under any titration...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832755/assessment-in-the-primary-care-of-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-incipient-actions-in-sexual-and-reproductive-health
#16
Mariana Arantes Nasser, Maria Ines Battistella Nemes, Marta Campagnoni Andrade, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Elen Rose Lodeiro Castanheira
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess performance in sexual and reproductive health of primary health care services of the Brazilian Unified Health System, in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: An evaluative framework was built for sexual and reproductive health with the categorization of 99 indicators in three domains: sexual and reproductive health promotion (25), sexually transmitted infections/AIDS prevention and care (43), and reproductive health care (31)...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821223/maternal-nutrient-restriction-in-mid-to-late-gestation-influences-fetal-mrna-expression-in-muscle-tissues-in-beef-cattle
#17
Francois Paradis, Katie M Wood, Kendall C Swanson, Stephen P Miller, Brian W McBride, Carolyn Fitzsimmons
BACKGROUND: Manipulating maternal nutrition during specific periods of gestation can result in re-programming of fetal and post-natal development. In this experiment we investigated how a feed restriction of 85% compared with 140% of total metabolizable energy requirements, fed to cows during mid-to-late gestation, influences phenotypic development of fetuses and mRNA expression of growth (Insulin-Like Growth Factor family and Insulin Receptor (INSR)), myogenic (Myogenic Differentiation 1 (MYOD1), Myogenin (MYOG), Myocyte Enhancer Factor 2A (MEF2A), Serum Response Factor (SRF)) and adipogenic (Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor Gamma (PPARG)) genes in fetal longissimus dorsi (LD) and semitendinosus (ST) muscle...
August 18, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807864/reducing-diagnostic-turnaround-times-of-exome-sequencing-for-families-requiring-timely-diagnoses
#18
Aurélie Bourchany, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Daphné Lehalle, Ange-Line Bruel, Alice Masurel-Paulet, Nolwenn Jean, Sophie Nambot, Marjorie Willems, Laetitia Lambert, Salima El Chehadeh-Djebbar, Elise Schaefer, Aurélia Jaquette, Judith St-Onge, Charlotte Poe, Thibaud Jouan, Martin Chevarin, Patrick Callier, Anne-Laure Mosca-Boidron, Nicole Laurent, Mathilde Lefebvre, Frédéric Huet, Nada Houcinat, Sébastien Moutton, Christophe Philippe, Frédéric Tran-Mau-Them, Antonio Vitobello, Paul Kuentz, Yannis Duffourd, Jean-Baptiste Rivière, Julien Thevenon, Laurence Faivre
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) has now entered medical practice with powerful applications in the diagnosis of rare Mendelian disorders. Although the usefulness and cost-effectiveness of WES have been widely demonstrated, it is essential to reduce the diagnostic turnaround time to make WES a first-line procedure. Since 2011, the automation of laboratory procedures and advances in sequencing chemistry have made it possible to carry out diagnostic whole genome sequencing from the blood sample to molecular diagnosis of suspected genetic disorders within 50 h...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805477/estimated-exposures-to-perfluorinated-compounds-in-infancy-predict-attenuated-vaccine-antibody-concentrations-at-age-5-years
#19
Philippe Grandjean, Carsten Heilmann, Pal Weihe, Flemming Nielsen, Ulla B Mogensen, Amalie Timmermann, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen
Perfluorinated alkylate substances (PFASs) are highly persistent and may cause immunotoxic effects. PFAS-associated attenuated antibody responses to childhood vaccines may be affected by PFAS exposures during infancy, where breastfeeding adds to PFAS exposures. Of 490 members of a Faroese birth cohort, 275 and 349 participated in clinical examinations and provided blood samples at ages 18 months and 5 years. PFAS concentrations were measured at birth and at the clinical examinations. Using information on duration of breastfeeding, serum-PFAS concentration profiles during infancy were estimated...
December 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767925/autism-spectrum-disorders-an-updated-guide-for-genetic-counseling
#20
Karina Griesi-Oliveira, Andréa Laurato Sertié
Autism spectrum disorder is a complex and genetically heterogeneous disorder, which has hampered the identification of the etiological factors in each patient and, consequently, the genetic counseling for families at risk. However, in the last decades, the remarkable advances in the knowledge of genetic aspects of autism based on genetic and molecular research, as well as the development of new molecular diagnostic tools, have substantially changed this scenario. Nowadays, it is estimated that using the currently available molecular tests, a potential underlying genetic cause can be identified in nearly 25% of cases...
April 2017: Einstein
keyword
keyword
46263
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"