keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Veterans

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922028/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effectiveness-of-lubiprostone-on-constipation-symptoms-and-colon-transit-time-in-diabetic-patients
#1
Jennifer Christie, Sagar Shroff, Nikrad Shahnavaz, Latoya A Carter, Melanie S Harrison, Karan A Dietz-Lindo, John Hanfelt, Shanthi Srinivasan
OBJECTIVES: Constipation is the most common GI symptom in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Importantly, patients with constipation have lower health-related quality of life than those without constipation. Effective therapies for constipation are limited and there is a paucity of data evaluating the treatment of constipation in diabetics. METHODS: Diabetic patients with chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) as defined by Rome III criteria were recruited from outpatient clinics at a tertiary-care center and a Veterans Administration Hospital...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920617/chiropractic-identity-a-neurological-professional-and-political-assessment
#2
REVIEW
Anthony L Rosner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to propose a focused assessment of the identity of chiropractic and its profession, triangulating multiple viewpoints converging upon various aspects and definitions of neurology, manual medicine, and alternative or mainstream medicine. DISCUSSION: Over 120 years since its inception, chiropractic has struggled to achieve an identity for which its foundations could provide optimal health care. Despite recognition of the benefits of spinal manipulation in various government guidelines, advances in US military and Veterans Administration, and persistently high levels of patient satisfaction, the chiropractic profession remains underrepresented in most discussions of health care delivery...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920510/the-clock-in-the-box-a-brief-cognitive-screen-is-associated-with-failure-to-return-home-in-an-elderly-hospitalized-sample
#3
Colleen E Jackson, Laura J Grande, Kelly Doherty, Elizabeth Archambault, Brittany Kelly, Jane A Driver, William P Milberg, Regina McGlinchey, James L Rudolph
PURPOSE: Cognitive screening upon hospital admission can provide important information about the patient's ability to process information during the inpatient stay. The Clock-in-the-Box (CIB) is a rapidly administered cognitive screening measure which has been previously validated with cognitive screening and neuropsychological assessments. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the predictive validity of the CIB for discharge location among a sample of older medical inpatients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hospitalized Veterans (N=218), aged 55 years and older, were recruited on the day after admission after they gave their consent...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920356/use-of-an-online-personal-health-record-s-track-health-function-to-promote-positive-lifestyle-behaviors-in-veterans-with-prediabetes
#4
Joseph Sharit, Thaer Idrees, Allen D Andrade, Ramanakumar Anam, Chandana Karanam, Willy Valencia, Hermes Florez, Jorge G Ruiz
This pilot 3-month clinical trial investigated the feasibility, effectiveness, and acceptability of using the Track Health function of the Veterans Health Administration's personal health record for eliciting a more positive physical activity and dietary intake lifestyle in a sample of 38 overweight and obese Veterans with prediabetes. Comparisons between baseline and 3 months post-intervention indicated significant improvements in weight, physical activity, abdominal circumference, and blood pressure. Use of a personal health record that users can identify with and find usable and useful coupled with instruction targeting critical functionalities could potentially promote healthy behavioral lifestyle changes...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920248/use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-among-older-australians-national-quality-improvement-programmes-have-led-to-sustained-practice-change
#5
Nicole L Pratt, Lisa M Kalisch Ellett, Janet K Sluggett, Svetla V Gadzhanova, Emmae N Ramsay, Mhairi Kerr, Vanessa T LeBlanc, John D Barratt, Elizabeth E Roughead
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of national multifaceted initiatives to improve use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on the use of PPIs among older Australians. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis using administrative health claims data from the Australian Government Department of Veterans' Affairs (DVA). SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: All veterans and dependents who received PPIs between January 2003 and December 2013...
December 4, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919867/va-pharmacists-help-deliver-better-care-for-veterans
#6
Kate Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919777/statistical-models-for-the-analysis-of-zero-inflated-pain-intensity-numeric-rating-scale-data
#7
Joseph L Goulet, Eugenia Buta, Harini Bathulapalli, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Cynthia A Brandt
: Pain intensity is often measured in clinical and research settings using the 0 to 10 numeric rating scale (NRS). NRS scores are recorded as discrete values, and in some samples they may display a high proportion of zeroes and a right-skewed distribution. Despite this, statistical methods for normally distributed data are frequently used in the analysis of NRS data. We present results from an observational cross-sectional study examining the association of NRS scores with patient characteristics using data collected from a large cohort of 18,935 Veterans in VA care diagnosed with a potentially painful musculoskeletal disorder...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919105/dual-health-care-system-use-and-unsafe-medication-prescribing-in-veterans-with-dementia
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919104/dual-health-care-system-use-and-high-risk-prescribing-in-patients-with-dementia-a-national-cohort-study
#9
Joshua M Thorpe, Carolyn T Thorpe, Walid F Gellad, Chester B Good, Joseph T Hanlon, Maria K Mor, John R Pleis, Loren J Schleiden, Courtney Harold Van Houtven
Background: Recent federal policy changes attempt to expand veterans' access to providers outside the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Receipt of prescription medications across unconnected systems of care may increase the risk for unsafe prescribing, particularly in persons with dementia. Objective: To investigate the association between dual health care system use and potentially unsafe medication (PUM) prescribing. Design: Retrospective cohort study...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919102/the-veterans-affairs-pharmacy-system-perfectly-designed-to-achieve-the-outcomes-it-gets
#10
David R Gifford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918879/auditory-hallucinations-and-ptsd-in-ex-pows
#11
Laura Crompton, Yael Lahav, Zahava Solomon
Literature has suggested that auditory hallucinations might be prevalent in the general population and could be linked to the experience of trauma. This prospective study examines the prevalence of auditory hallucinations in trauma survivors and its association with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, over time. Former prisoners-of-war (ex-POWs) from the 1973 Yom Kippur War (n = 99) with and without PTSD and comparable veterans (n = 103) were assessed twice, in 1991 (T1) and 2003 (T2) in regards to auditory hallucinations and PTSD symptoms...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918877/a-longitudinal-examination-of-peritraumatic-emotional-responses-and-their-association-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-among-veterans
#12
Eden Engel-Rebitzer, Michelle J Bovin, Shimrit K Black, Raymond C Rosen, Terence M Keane, Brian P Marx
Research has revealed a significant association between several peritraumatic emotional responses and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Preliminary research has also linked peritraumatic emotional responses with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD). The majority of this research has been cross-sectional, thereby making it difficult to determine the extent to which the various peritraumatic emotional responses may increase risk for, or serve as a premorbid marker of, PTSD and MDD. This study examined the longitudinal role of peritraumatic emotional responses on the subsequent development of PTSD and MDD in a sample of United States military veterans...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918323/group-psychotherapeutic-factors-and-perceived-social-support-among-veterans-with-ptsd-symptoms
#13
Daniel W Cox, Jess J Owen, John S Ogrodniczuk
One of the most potent protective factors against psychiatric symptoms after military trauma is perceived social support. Although group psychotherapy has been linked with increasing social support, no research has evaluated which therapeutic mechanisms are associated with this increase beyond symptom reduction. We investigated which interpersonal therapeutic factors were related to changes in social support, beyond posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom reduction. Participants were 117 veterans in a multimodal outpatient group psychotherapy treatment designed to reduce PTSD symptoms and interpersonal difficulties...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918190/quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-pretreatment-intervention-for-veterans-seeking-psychotherapy
#14
Rebecca Lusk, Mark Lyubkin, Stephen T Chermack, Michelle L Sanborn, Nicholas W Bowersox
Pretreatment interventions have documented efficacy for reducing initial therapy refusal and early therapy departure. However, these interventions have not been well-studied in diagnostically diverse patient populations or within Veterans Affairs (VA) health care settings. We designed a manualized 4-session group cognitive-behavioral therapy-based pretreatment intervention (PTI) for a diagnostically diverse population of Veterans referred for psychotherapy in a general mental health clinic (MHC) in a large VA hospital...
December 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917728/comparing-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-prevention-programs-between-veterans-affairs-nursing-homes-and-non-veterans-affairs-nursing-homes
#15
Lona Mody, M Todd Greene, Sanjay Saint, Jennifer Meddings, Barbara W Trautner, Heidi L Wald, Christopher Crnich, Jane Banaszak-Holl, Sara E McNamara, Beth J King, Robert Hogikyan, Barbara S Edson, Sarah L Krein
OBJECTIVE The impact of healthcare system integration on infection prevention programs is unknown. Using catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) prevention as an example, we hypothesize that US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) nursing homes have a more robust infection prevention infrastructure due to integration and centralization compared with non-VA nursing homes. SETTING VA and non-VA nursing homes participating in the AHRQ Safety Program for Long-Term Care collaborative. METHODS Nursing homes provided baseline information about their infection prevention programs to assess strengths and gaps related to CAUTI prevention via a needs assessment questionnaire...
December 5, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917605/antihypertensive-medication-adherence-and-blood-pressure-control-among-central-alabama-veterans
#16
Emily W Piercefield, Molly E Howard, Michael H Robinson, Cain Eric Kirk, Addison P Ragan, Sondra D Reese
Medication nonadherence is associated with adverse outcomes. To evaluate antihypertensive medication adherence and its association with blood pressure (BP) control, the authors described population adherence to prescribed antihypertensive medication (proportion of days covered ≥80%) and BP control (mean BP <140/90 mm Hg) among central Alabama veterans during the fiscal year 2015. Overall, 75.1% of patients receiving antihypertensive medication were considered adherent, and 66.1% had adequate BP control...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917084/sofosbuvir-and-simeprevir-combination-therapy-for-hcv-genotype-1-infection-results-of-a-single-center-va-experience
#17
Seth N Sclair, Maria Del Pilar Hernandez, Evan Vance, Dani Gilinski, Helen Youtseff, Maribel Toro, Marie Antoine, Lennox J Jeffers, Adam Peyton
Treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains a priority in the veterans affairs (VA) health care system nationwide, as there is a high burden of liver disease due to HCV infection among US veterans. The combination of sofosbuvir and simeprevir was the first all-oral antiviral regimen used in clinical practice to treat veterans with HCV infection. In this study, we report a single-center experience showing both the feasibility and effectiveness of this all-oral combination to treat HCV genotype 1 infection...
August 2016: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916584/immunological-and-infectious-risk-factors-for-lung-cancer-in-us-veterans-with-hiv-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#18
Keith Sigel, Juan Wisnivesky, Kristina Crothers, Kirsha Gordon, Sheldon T Brown, David Rimland, Maria C Rodriguez-Barradas, Cynthia Gibert, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Roger Bedimo, Lesley S Park, Robert Dubrow
BACKGROUND: HIV infection is independently associated with risk of lung cancer, but few data exist for the relation between longitudinal measurements of immune function and lung-cancer risk in people living with HIV. METHODS: We followed up participants with HIV from the Veterans Aging Cohort Study for a minimum of 3 years between Jan 1, 1998, and Dec 31, 2012, and used cancer registry data to identify incident cases of lung cancer. The index date for each patient was the later of the date HIV care began or Jan 1, 1998...
December 1, 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914506/use-of-high-intensity-statins-for-patients-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-veterans-affairs-health-system-practice-impact-of-the-new-cholesterol-guidelines
#19
Fatima Rodriguez, Shoutzu Lin, David J Maron, Joshua W Knowles, Salim S Virani, Paul A Heidenreich
BACKGROUND: The November 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association cholesterol guidelines recommend the use of high-intensity statins for patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). We sought to determine how these guidelines are being adopted at the Veterans Affairs (VA) Health System and identify treatment gaps. METHODS: We examined administrative data from the VA 12 months prior to the index dates of April 1, 2013, and after April 1, 2014, to identify patients ≤75 years of age with ≥2 codes for ASCVD...
December 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913314/audiologic-characteristics-in-a-sample-of-recently-separated-military-veterans-the-noise-outcomes-in-servicemembers-epidemiology-study-noise-study
#20
J S Gordon, S E Griest, E J Thielman, K C Carlson, W J Helt, M S Lewis, C Blankenship, D Austin, S M Theodoroff, J A Henry
Military Service Members are often exposed to high levels of occupational noise, solvents, and other exposures that can be damaging to the auditory system. Little is known about hearing loss and how it progresses in Veterans following military service. This epidemiology study is designed to evaluate and monitor a cohort of Veterans for 20 years or more to determine how hearing loss changes over time and how those changes are related to noise exposure and other ototoxic exposures encountered during military service...
November 29, 2016: Hearing Research
keyword
keyword
4626
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"