keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Veterans

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221697/prevalence-of-mental-health-disorders-in-elderly-u-s-military-veterans-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#1
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Karla Greenberg, Neil Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Older veterans may be vulnerable to mental health problems. Meta-analytic and systematic review methods sought to determine the prevalence rate of mental health disorders in older military veterans (≥65 years). METHODS: Eleven studies were eligible, and meta-analyses of veteran depression, substance abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, dementia, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia were conducted. RESULTS: Although conducted exclusively with U...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220694/impulsive-responding-in-threat-and-reward-contexts-as-a-function-of-ptsd-symptoms-and-trait-disinhibition
#2
Naomi Sadeh, Jeffrey M Spielberg, Jasmeet P Hayes
We examined current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, trait disinhibition, and affective context as contributors to impulsive and self-destructive behavior in 94 trauma-exposed Veterans. Participants completed an affective Go/No-Go task (GNG) with different emotional contexts (threat, reward, and a multidimensional threat/reward condition) and current PTSD, trait disinhibition, and risky/self-destructive behavior measures. PTSD interacted with trait disinhibition to explain recent engagement in risky/self-destructive behavior, with Veterans scoring high on trait disinhibition and current PTSD symptoms reporting the highest levels of these behaviors...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220614/religious-coping-and-suicide-risk-in-a-sample-of-recently-returned-veterans
#3
Marek S Kopacz, Hugh F Crean, Crystal Park, Rani A Hoff
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study is to examine religious coping and depression as predictors of suicide risk in a large US veteran sample from recent conflicts. METHODS: Demographic, military history, depressive symptomatology, positive and negative religious coping variables and self-reported suicidal behavior were analyzed in a sample of 772 recently returned veterans. Suicide risk was computed as a continuum of risk across four separate categories. RESULTS: Negative religious coping was significantly associated with suicide risk, even after statistically controlling for depressive symptomatology and other variables...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220609/evaluation-of-structured-assessment-and-mediating-factors-of-suicide-focused-group-therapy-for-veterans-recently-discharged-from-inpatient-psychiatry
#4
Lora L Johnson, Stephen S O'Connor, Barbara Kaminer, Peter M Gutierrez, Erin Carney, Brittany Groh, David A Jobes
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated the impact of adding the Suicide Status Form (SSF) to a suicide-focused group therapy for veterans recently discharged from an inpatient psychiatry setting. METHODS: A sample of 141 veterans was enrolled and randomized into a Usual Assessment Group Therapy or SSF-Assessment Group Therapy. Participants completed interviews at baseline, 1, and 3 months. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between groups regarding group attendance (IRR = 1...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217481/dna-damage-and-repair-proteins-in-cellular-response-to-sulfur-mustard-in-iranian-veterans-more-than-two-decades-after-exposure
#5
Shahriar Khateri, Mahdi Balali-Mood, Peter Blain, Faith Williams, Paul Jowsey, Mohammad Reza Soroush, Effat Behravan, Mahmood Sadeghi
Delayed effects of sulfur mustard (SM) exposure on the levels of five important damage/repair proteins were investigated in 40 SM-exposed veterans of Iran-Iraq war and 35 unexposed controls. A major DNA damage biomarker protein - phosphorylated H2AX - along with four DNA repair proteins in cell response to the genome damage MRE11, NBS1, RAD51, and XPA were evaluated in blood lymphocytes from the veterans and controls using western blotting. Mean levels of XPA, MRE11, RAD51 and NBS1 were lower in SM-exposed patients and the decrease in NBS1 was significant...
December 4, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217313/characteristics-and-health-needs-of-veterans-in-jails-and-prisons-what-we-know-and-do-not-know-about-incarcerated-women-veterans
#6
Janice D McCall, Jack Tsai
PURPOSE: The majority of U.S. veterans in prisons and local jails are men, but incarcerated women veterans remain an important and understudied group. METHODS: This study reported differences in sociodemographic, health, and criminal justice characteristics using Veterans Affairs (VA) administrative data on a national sample of 30,964 incarcerated veterans (30,440 men and 524 women) who received outreach from the VA Health Care for Reentry Veterans program between 2007 and 2011...
December 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216749/impact-of-palliative-chemotherapy-and-travel-distance-on-hospice-referral-in-patients-with-stage-iv-pancreatic-cancer-a-retrospective-analysis-within-a-veterans-administration-medical-center
#7
Jennifer M Duff, Ryan M Thomas
BACKGROUND: Metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (mPDAC) has a poor prognosis despite chemotherapy advancements. Although hospice utilization has increased, timing of referral is not always optimal. AIM: To investigate whether palliative chemotherapy and travel distance to the treatment center impact hospice referral patterns in veterans of the US military in order to identify potential areas for improving referral timing. DESIGN: Demographic and clinical data were collected retrospectively according to the timing of hospice referral...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216685/patient-compliance-with-surveillance-colonoscopy-patient-factors-and-the-use-of-a-graded-recall-system
#8
Chahaya Gauci, Rebecca Lendzion, Kim-Chi Phan-Thien, Denis King, Dayashan S Perera
BACKGROUND: Surveillance colonoscopy allows for the early detection and improved treatment outcomes in colorectal neoplasms but compliance rates and factors require further investigation. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study examining 816 patients recalled for surveillance colonoscopy at an Australian colorectal practice over a 6-month period. Primary outcome was compliance with colonoscopy within 12 months of recall. The secondary outcome of this study was to identify factors affecting compliance including patient factors and the practices' graded recall system...
December 7, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216276/national-epidemiology-of-initial-and-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-the-veterans-health-administration-from-2003-to-2014
#9
Kelly R Reveles, Kenneth A Lawson, Eric M Mortensen, Mary Jo V Pugh, Jim M Koeller, Jacqueline R Argamany, Christopher R Frei
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies demonstrated marked increases in Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in the United States (U.S.) in recent years. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of initial and recurrent CDI in a national Veterans Health Administration (VHA) cohort over a 12-year period. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all adult VHA beneficiaries with CDI (ICD-9-CM code 008.45) plus a positive CDI stool test between October 1, 2002 and September 30, 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215762/risk-of-amphetamine-use-disorder-and-mortality-among-incident-users-of-prescribed-stimulant-medications-in-the-veterans-administration
#10
Arthur N Westover, Paul A Nakonezny, Ethan A Halm, Bryon Adinoff
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nonmedical use of prescribed stimulant medications is a growing concern. This study's aims were to ascertain the demographics of stimulant medication users compared with nonusers, examine temporal trends of stimulant medication use, and estimate risk factors for development of amphetamine use disorder (AUD) and mortality among new users of stimulant medications. DESIGN: Cox proportion hazards regression in a retrospective cohort adjusted by baseline covariates...
December 7, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214851/weight-and-veterans-environments-study-waves-i-and-ii-rationale-methods-and-cohort-characteristics
#11
Shannon N Zenk, Elizabeth Tarlov, Lisa M Powell, Coady Wing, Stephen A Matthews, Sandy Slater, Howard S Gordon, Michael Berbaum, Marian L Fitzgibbon
PURPOSE: To present the rationale, methods, and cohort characteristics for 2 complementary "big data" studies of residential environment contributions to body weight, metabolic risk, and weight management program participation and effectiveness. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Continental United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3 261 115 veterans who received Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care in 2009 to 2014, including 169 910 weight management program participants and a propensity score-derived comparison group...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212276/low-circulating-levels-of-the-mitochondrial-peptide-hormone-shlp2-novel-biomarker-for-prostate-cancer-risk
#12
Jialin Xiao, Lauren Howard, Junxiang Wan, Emily Wiggins, Adriana Vidal, Pinchas Cohen, Stephen J Freedland
Context: Mitochondrial DNA mutations and dysfunction are associated with prostate cancer (PCa). Small humanin-like peptide-2 (SHLP2) is a novel mitochondrial-encoded peptide and an important mitochondrial retrograde signaling molecule. Objective: To determine whether serum SHLP2 concentration is associated with PCa risk and whether associations are race-specific.Design, Setting and Participants: Patients undergoing prostate biopsy were recruited from the Durham Veterans Affairs hospital...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210835/-medication-adherence-in-a-nationwide-cohort-of-veterans-initiating-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-to-prevent-hiv-infection
#13
Puja van Epps, Marissa Maier, Brian Lund, M Bryant Howren, Brice Beck, Lauren Beste, Avy Skolnik, Mary Vaughan-Sarrazin, Michael E Ohl
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV infection call for long-term, daily use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate / emtricitabine (TDF/FTC). Little is known about long-term adherence with TDF/FTC prescribed for PrEP in routine clinical practice. SETTING: Veterans Health Administration (VHA) clinics METHODS:: We used VHA data to create a nationwide cohort of Veterans initiating PrEP between July 1, 2012 and June 30, 2016. We examined pharmacy refill data to estimate adherence based on the proportion of days covered (PDC) by TDF/FTC in the first year, and used logistic regression to identify patient characteristics associated with high adherence (i...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210830/tenofovir-associated-nephrotoxicity-among-a-us-national-historical-cohort-of-hiv-infected-veterans-risk-modification-by-concomitant-antiretrovirals
#14
Joanne LaFleur, Adam P Bress, Stephen Esker, Kristin Knippenberg, Jacob Crook, Heather Nyman, Roger Bedimo, Pablo Tebas, Lisa Rosenblatt
BACKGROUND: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) has been associated with renal complications. The third agent in TDF-containing antiretroviral regimens may modify that risk. We compared renal adverse outcomes among treatment-naïve HIV-infected patients initiating TDF-containing regimens including efavirenz (EFV) or other agents. SETTING: This population-based historical cohort study used national Veterans Health Administration (VHA) clinical and administrative datasets to identify treatment-naïve HIV-infected veterans initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) with TDF/emtricitabine (FTC)+EFV, rilpivirine (RPV), elvitegravir/cobicistat (EVG/c), or ritonavir (RTV)-boosted protease inhibitors (PIs) from 2003-2015...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210719/neuromodulatory-burst-therapy-for-agent-orange-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-case-report
#15
Roxanna Rasekhi, Danielle Babb, Chane Price
The prevalence of neuromuscular diseases and peripheral neuropathies in veterans exposed to Agent Orange (AO) is particularly high. Pharmacologic management has not been effective for these patients. Burst therapy spinal cord stimulation (SCS), recently approved for use in the United States, has had demonstrable success in both Europe and Australia. We present a patient with AO-induced peripheral neuropathy who was successfully treated with burst SCS. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the use of burst SCS for treatment of peripheral neuropathy related to AO exposure...
November 27, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210494/systematic-review-of-aged-care-interventions-for-older-prisoners
#16
Bruce A Stevens, Rhonda Shaw, Peter Bewert, Mavis Salt, Rebecca Alexander, Brendan Loo Gee
OBJECTIVE: The care of older prisoners is a growing problem. This review examined aged care interventions in prisons. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. A total of 1186 abstracts were screened for inclusion. Quantitative and qualitative studies were included. RESULTS: Two quantitative studies and five qualitative studies examined aged care interventions (n = 7)...
December 6, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208654/advanced-glycation-end-products-oxidation-products-and-incident-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Juraj Koska, Aramesh Saremi, Scott Howell, Gideon Bahn, Barbora De Courten, Henry Ginsberg, Paul J Beisswenger, Peter D Reaven
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine whether plasma levels of advanced glycation end products (AGE) and oxidation products (OP) predict the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Five specific AGE (methylglyoxal hydroimidazolone, carboxymethyl lysine, carboxyethyl lysine, 3-deoxyglucosone hydroimidazolone, and glyoxal hydroimidazolone) and two OP (2-aminoadipic acid and methionine sulfoxide [MetSO]) were measured at baseline in two intensive glucose-lowering studies: (1) a subcohort of the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial (VADT) (n = 445) and (2) a nested case-control subgroup from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) study (n = 271)...
December 5, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206630/does-untreated-obstructive-sleep-apnea-cause-secondary-erythrocytosis
#18
Christopher D Nguyen, Jon-Erik C Holty
BACKGROUND: The current literature suggests a relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity and hematocrit. However, the degree that OSA contributes to clinically significant erythrocytosis is uncertain. The aim of this study is to evaluate this association in a large study sample controlling for multiple confounders. METHODS: We evaluated consecutive subjects with suspected untreated OSA using multivariate analysis to test the associations between apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and hematocrit...
September 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206627/promoting-physical-activity-in-copd-insights-from-a-randomized-trial-of-a-web-based-intervention-and-pedometer-use
#19
Emily S Wan, Ana Kantorowski, Diana Homsy, Merilee Teylan, Reema Kadri, Caroline R Richardson, David R Gagnon, Eric Garshick, Marilyn L Moy
RATIONALE: Low physical activity is highly prevalent among COPD patients and is associated with increased healthcare utilization and mortality and reduced HRQL. The addition of a website to pedometer use is effective at increasing physical activity; however, the timeline of change and impact of environmental factors on efficacy is unknown. METHODS: U.S. Veterans with COPD were randomized (1:1) to receive either (1) a pedometer and website which provided goal-setting, feedback, disease-specific education, and an online community forum or (2) pedometer alone for 3 months...
September 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205416/the-short-term-incidence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-is-not-increased-after-hepatitis-c-treatment-with-direct-acting-antivirals-an-erchives-study
#20
Darrick K Li, Yanjie Ren, Daniel S Fierer, Stephanie Rutledge, Obaid S Shaikh, Vincent Lo Re, Tracey Simon, Abdul-Badi Abou-Samra, Raymond T Chung, Adeel A Butt
Recent studies have reported higher rates of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in individuals treated with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). However, making definitive conclusions has been challenging due to the heterogeneous populations and methodologies of these reports. We investigated whether DAA use is associated with higher rates of incident HCC compared to treatment with interferon-based regimens. We performed a retrospective population-based cohort study using the Electronically Retrieved Cohort of HCV Infected Veterans (ERCHIVES) database...
December 2, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
keyword
keyword
4626
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"