keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

SH-SY5Y

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535644/-effect-of-neuroglobin-on-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-and-reoxygenation-induced-autophagy-in-a-human-neuroblastoma-cell-line
#1
S Y Deng, Y H Ai, H Gong, L Wu, C X Chen, Y M Wang, Z Y Liu, L Huang, Q Y Peng, L N Zhang
Objective: To investigate the effect of neuroglobin on oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R) induced autophagy in a human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y). Methods: SH-SY5Y cells were transfected with plasmids (or vector) to establish a stable cell line of NGB overexpression (OE). After treated with OGD/R, cells were collected for the analyses of mRNA (Atg5, Atg7, BECN1 and FUNDC1) and protein levels of LC3. Furthermore, mitochondrial and cytosolic fractions were isolated for protein levels of PINK1 and Parkin...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534853/the-1-tosylpentan-3-one-protects-against-6-hydroxydopamine-induced-neurotoxicity
#2
Chien-Jen Kao, Wu-Fu Chen, Bo-Lin Guo, Chien-Wei Feng, Han-Chun Hung, Wen-Ya Yang, Chun-Sung Sung, Kuan-Hao Tsui, Hsin Chu, Nan-Fu Chen, Zhi-Hong Wen
Previous studies have demonstrated that the marine compound austrasulfone, isolated from the soft coral Cladiella australis, exerts a neuroprotective effect. The intermediate product in the synthesis of austrasulfone, dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol, attenuates several inflammatory responses. The present study uses in vitro and in vivo methods to investigate the neuroprotective effect of dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol-modified 1-tosylpentan-3-one (1T3O). Results from in vitro experiments show that 1T3O effectively inhibits 6-hydroxydopamine-induced (6-OHDA-induced) activation of both p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and caspase-3 in SH-SY5Y cells; and enhances nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression via phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532681/resveratrol-protects-neuronal-like-cells-expressing-mutant-huntingtin-from-dopamine-toxicity-by-rescuing-atg4-mediated-autophagosome-formation
#3
Chiara Vidoni, Eleonora Secomandi, Andrea Castiglioni, Mariarosa A B Melone, Ciro Isidoro
Parkinsonian-like motor deficits in Huntington's Disease (HD) patients are associated with abnormal dopamine neurotransmission in the striatum. Dopamine metabolism leads to the formation of oxidized dopamine quinones that exacerbates mitochondrial dysfunction with production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that eventually lead to neuronal cell death. We have previously shown that dopamine-induced oxidative stress triggers apoptotic cell death in dopaminergic neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells hyper-expressing the mutant polyQ Huntingtin (polyQ-Htt) protein...
May 19, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529459/cold-inducible-rna-binding-protein-is-involved-in-chronic-hypoxia-induced-neuron-apoptosis-by-down-regulating-hif-1%C3%AE-expression-and-regulated-by-microrna-23a
#4
Xiaoming Chen, Xinqin Liu, Bin Li, Qian Zhang, Jiye Wang, Wenbin Zhang, Wenjing Luo, Jingyuan Chen
Background: Neuron apoptosis mediated by hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in hippocampus is one of the most important factors accounting for the chronic hypobaric hypoxia induced cognitive impairment. As a neuroprotective molecule that is up-regulated in response to various environmental stress, CIRBP was reported to crosstalk with HIF-1α under cellular stress. However, its function under chronic hypobaric hypoxia remains unknown. Objective: In this study, we tried to identify the role of CIRBP in HIF-1α mediated neuron apoptosis under chronic hypobaric hypoxia and find a possible method to maintain its potential neuroprotective in long-term high altitude environmental exposure...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528185/simvastatin-ameliorate-memory-deficits-and-inflammation-in-clinical-and-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease-via-modulating-the-expression-of-mir-106b
#5
Wenzhong Huang, Zhenyu Li, Liandong Zhao, Wei Zhao
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) as a neurodegenerative brain disorder is a devastating pathology leading to disastrous cognitive impairments and dementia, and several studies have shown that AD is closely related to the inflammation, so anti-inflammatory treatment may provide therapeutic benefits. In this study, the effect of simvastatin on inflammation was investigated and the underlying mechanisms were explored. METHODS: First, we tested the effect of simvastatin on AD in clinical research...
May 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527032/methylone-and-mdpv-activate-autophagy-in-human-dopaminergic-sh-sy5y-cells-a-new-insight-into-the-context-of-%C3%AE-keto-amphetamines-related-neurotoxicity
#6
Maria João Valente, Cristina Amaral, Georgina Correia-da-Silva, José Alberto Duarte, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Félix Carvalho, Paula Guedes de Pinho, Márcia Carvalho
Autophagy has an essential role in neuronal homeostasis and its dysregulation has been recently linked to neurotoxic effects of a growing list of psychoactive drugs, including amphetamines. However, the role of autophagy in β-keto amphetamine (β-KA) designer drugs-induced neurotoxicity has hitherto not been investigated. In the present study, we show that two commonly abused cathinone derivatives, 3,4-methylenedioxymethcathinone (methylone) and 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), elicit morphological changes consistent with autophagy and neurodegeneration, including formation of autophagic vacuoles and neurite retraction in dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523530/bag-1l-protects-sh-sy5y-neuroblastoma-cells-against-hypoxia-re-oxygenation-through-up-regulating-hsp70-and-activating-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#7
Yun Wang, Chao Jia, Qing-Shu Li, Chun-Yu Xie, Nan Zhang, Yan Qu
BCL-2-associated athanogene-1(BAG-1) is a multifunctional and anti-apoptotic protein that was first identified as a binding partner of BCL-2. But the effects and mechanisms for BAG-1 against hypoxic damage is unclear up to now. Whether BAG-1 could protect the human brain against hypoxic damage through up-regulating 70 kDa heat shock proteins (HSP70) and PI3K/AKT pathway activation? In present study, we examined the changes of HSP70 and AKT and p-AKT protein level in SH-SY5Y cells with BAG-1L gene over-expression subjected to hypoxia/re-oxygenation injury...
May 18, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522852/kv3-4-is-modulated-by-hif-1%C3%AE-to-protect-sh-sy5y-cells-against-oxidative-stress-induced-neural-cell-death
#8
Min Seok Song, Pan Dong Ryu, So Yeong Lee
The Kv3.4 channel is characterized by fast inactivation and sensitivity to oxidation. However, the physiological role of Kv3.4 as an oxidation-sensitive channel has yet to be investigated. Here, we demonstrate that Kv3.4 plays a pivotal role in oxidative stress-related neural cell damage as an oxidation-sensitive channel and that HIF-1α down-regulates Kv3.4 function, providing neuroprotection. MPP(+) and CoCl2 are reactive oxygen species (ROS)-generating reagents that induce oxidative stress. However, only CoCl2 decreases the expression and function of Kv3...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516276/p2x7-receptor-pannexin-1-interaction-mediates-extracellular-alpha-synuclein-induced-atp-release-in-neuroblastoma-sh-sy5y-cells
#9
Anna Wilkaniec, Magdalena Gąssowska, Grzegorz A Czapski, Magdalena Cieślik, Grzegorz Sulkowski, Agata Adamczyk
Abnormalities of alpha-synuclein (ASN), the main component of protein deposits (Lewy bodies), were observed in Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies, Alzheimer's disease, and other neurodegenerative disorders. These alterations include increase in the levels of soluble ASN oligomers in the extracellular space. Numerous works have identified several mechanisms of their toxicity, including stimulation of the microglial P2X7 receptor leading to oxidative stress. While the significant role of purinergic signaling-particularly, P2 family receptors-in neurodegenerative disorders is well known, the interaction of extracellular soluble ASN with neuronal purinergic receptors is yet to be studied...
May 17, 2017: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515429/endocytic-uptake-of-monomeric-amyloid-%C3%AE-peptides-is-clathrin-and-dynamin-independent-and-results-in-selective-accumulation-of-a%C3%AE-1-42-compared-to-a%C3%AE-1-40
#10
Emelie Wesén, Gavin D M Jeffries, Maria Matson Dzebo, Elin K Esbjörner
Intraneuronal accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides represent an early pathological feature in Alzheimer's disease. We have therefore utilized flow cytometry and confocal microscopy in combination with endocytosis inhibition to explore the internalisation efficiency and uptake mechanisms of Aβ(1-40) and Aβ(1-42) monomers in cultured SH-SY5Y cells. We find that both variants are constitutively internalised via endocytosis and that their uptake is proportional to cellular endocytic rate. Moreover, SH-SY5Y cells internalise consistently twice the amount of Aβ(1-42) compared to Aβ(1-40); an imaging-based quantification showed that cells treated with 1 µM peptide for 8 h contained 800,000 peptides of Aβ(1-42) and 400,000 of Aβ(1-40)...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513477/microtube-array-membrane-bioreactor-promotes-neuronal-differentiation-and-orientation
#11
Sabrina Morelli, Antonella Piscioneri, Simona Salerno, Chien-Chung Chen, Chee Ho Chew, Lidietta Giorno, Enrico Drioli, Loredana De Bartolo
An important challenge in neuronal tissue engineering is to create innovative tools capable of promoting cellular response in terms of neuronal differentiation and neurite orientation that may be used as investigational platforms for studying neurobiological events and neurodegenerative disorders. A novel membrane bioreactor was created to provide a 3D well-controlled microenvironment for neuronal outgrowth. The bioreactor consisted of poly-L-lactic acid highly aligned microtube array (PLLA-MTA) membranes assembled in parallel within a chamber that establish an intraluminal and an extraluminal compartment whose communication occurs through the pores of the MTA membrane walls...
May 17, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513074/%C3%AE-myrtoxin-mp1a-is-a-helical-heterodimer-from-the-venom-of-the-jack-jumper-ant-with-antimicrobial-membrane-disrupting-and-nociceptive-activities
#12
Zoltan Dekan, Stephen J Heady, Martin Scanlon, Brian A Baldo, Tzong-Hsien Lee, Marie-Isabel Aguilar, Jennifer R Deuis, Irina Vetter, Alysha G Elliott, Maite Amado, Matthew A Cooper, Dianne Alewood, Paul Francis Alewood
Δ-Myrtoxin-Mp1a (Mp1a), a 49-residue heterodimeric peptide from the venom of Myrmecia pilosula is comprised of a 26-mer A chain and a 23-mer B chain connected by two disulfide bonds in an antiparallel arrangement. Combination of the individual synthetic chains via aerial oxidation remarkably resulted in the self-assembly of Mp1a as a homogenous product without the need for directed disulfide bond formation. NMR analysis revealed a well-defined, unique structure containing a pair of antiparallel α-helices...
May 17, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512499/neuroprotective-effect-of-fagopyrum-dibotrys-extract-against-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Chen Liang, Jian-Ping Yuan, Tao Ding, Lv Yan, Lu Ling, Xin-Fu Zhou, Yue-Qin Zeng
Accumulated evidence suggests that polyphenolic antioxidants present in herbs play important roles in prevention of AD; the molecular mechanisms behind neuroprotective actions rely on the phenols through different effects on the amyloid-aggregation pathway. Fagopyrum dibotrys is a traditional herbal medicine which contains high quantity phenols. In present study, we investigate the beneficial pharmacological actions of Fagopyrum dibotrys extract in the APP/PS1 transgenic mouse mode; meanwhile, effects of the FDE on the fibrillation and cytotoxicity of Aβ peptide were evaluated in vitro...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509424/inhibition-of-prion-propagation-by-3-4-dimethoxycinnamic-acid
#14
Ivan Zanyatkin, Yulia Stroylova, Sofia Tishina, Victor Stroylov, Aleksandra Melnikova, Thomas Haertle, Vladimir Muronetz
Neurodegenerative diseases are associated with accumulation of amyloid-type protein misfolding products. Prion protein (PrP) is known for its ability to aggregate into soluble oligomers that in turn associate into amyloid fibrils. Preventing the formation of these infective and neurotoxic entities represents a viable strategy to control prion diseases. Numerous attempts to find dietary compounds with anti-prion properties have been made; however, the most promising agent found so far was curcumin, which is poorly soluble and merely bioavailable...
May 16, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507518/beneficial-effects-of-sulforaphane-treatment-in-alzheimer-s-disease-may-be-mediated-through-reduced-hdac1-3-and-increased-p75ntr-expression
#15
Jingzhu Zhang, Rui Zhang, Zhipeng Zhan, Xinhui Li, Fuyuan Zhou, Aiping Xing, Congmin Jiang, Yanqiu Chen, Li An
Alzheimer's disease is an irreversible, progressive neurodegenerative disorder. The accumulation of Aβ in the brain is thought to play a causative role in the development of cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease. The p75 neurotrophin receptor is of great importance to protect against the Aβ burden and its expression is regulated by histone acetylation. This study investigated whether the phytochemical sulforaphane, a pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor, up-regulates the p75 neurotrophin receptor expression via affecting histone acetylation in protection against Alzheimer's disease...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503967/cytotoxic-and-cytoprotective-effects-of-tryptamine-4-5-dione-on-neuronal-cells-a-double-edged-sword
#16
Naoko Suga, Akira Murakami, Yoshimasa Nakamura, Akari Ishisaka, Noritoshi Kitamoto, Mikiko Ito, Yoji Kato
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) is a putative substrate for myeloperoxidase, which may convert it into the reactive quinone tryptamine-4,5-dione (TD). In this study, we found that the viability of human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated with 25 µM TD was increased to approximately 117%. On the other hand, the cell viability was significantly decreased by exposure to TD (150-200 μM), with an increase in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Interestingly, pretreatment of SH-SY5Y cells with 100 μM TD prevented cell death and suppressed intracellular ROS generation evoked by the addition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)...
May 14, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502703/cell-death-induced-by-mitochondrial-complex-i-inhibition-is-mediated-by-iron-regulatory-protein-1
#17
Pamela J Urrutia, Pabla Aguirre, Victoria Tapia, Carlos M Carrasco, Natalia P Mena, Marco T Núñez
Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative damage, often accompanied by elevated intracellular iron levels, are pathophysiological features in a number of neurodegenerative processes. The question arises as to whether iron dyshomeostasis is a consequence of mitochondrial dysfunction. Here we have evaluated the role of Iron Regulatory Protein 1 (IRP1) in the death of SH-SY5Y dopaminergic neuroblastoma cells subjected to mitochondria complex I inhibition. We found that complex I inhibition was associated with increased levels of transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) and iron uptake transporter divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1), and decreased levels of iron efflux transporter Ferroportin 1 (FPN1), together with increased (55)Fe uptake activity and an increased cytoplasmic labile iron pool...
May 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497345/retinol-vitamin-a-increases-%C3%AE-synuclein-%C3%AE-amyloid-peptide-tau-phosphorylation-and-rage-content-in-human-sh-sy5y-neuronal-cell-line
#18
Alice Kunzler, Eduardo Antônio Kolling, Jeferson Delgado da Silva-Jr, Juciano Gasparotto, Matheus Augusto de Bittencourt Pasquali, José Cláudio Fonseca Moreira, Daniel Pens Gelain
Retinoids (vitamin A and derivatives) are recognized as essential factors for central nervous system (CNS) development. Retinol (vitamin A) also was postulated to be a major antioxidant component of diet as it modulates reactive species (RS) production and oxidative stress in biological systems. Oxidative stress plays a major role either in pathogenesis or development of neurodegenerative diseases, or even in both. Here we investigate the role of retinol supplementation to human neuron-derived SH-SY5Y cells over RS production and biochemical markers associated to neurodegenerative diseases expressed at neuronal level in Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease: α-synuclein, β-amyloid peptide, tau phosphorylation and RAGE...
May 11, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497200/effect-of-lipoic-acid-on-the-biochemical-mechanisms-of-resistance-to-bortezomib-in-sh-sy5y-neuroblastoma-cells
#19
Daniele Tibullo, Cesarina Giallongo, Fabrizio Puglisi, Daniele Tomassoni, Giuseppina Camiolo, Martina Cristaldi, Maria Violetta Brundo, Carmelina Daniela Anfuso, Gabriella Lupo, Tomaso Stampone, Giovanni Li Volti, Francesco Amenta, Roberto Avola, Vincenzo Bramanti
Neuroblastoma (NB) is an extracranial solid cancer and the most common cancer in infancy. Despite the standard treatment for NB is based on the combination of chemotherapeutic drugs such as doxorubicin, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and cisplatin, chemoresistance occurs over the time. The aim of the present research was to evaluate the effect of bortezomib (BTZ) (50 nM) on NB cell viability and how lipoic acid (ALA) (100 μM) modifies pharmacological response to this chemotherapeutic agent. Cell viability was assessed by ATP luminescence assay whereas expression of oxidative stress marker (i...
May 11, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495519/the-involvement-of-autophagy-and-cytoskeletal-regulation-in-tdcipp-induced-sh-sy5y-cell-differentiation
#20
Ruiwen Li, Peijiang Zhou, Yongyong Guo, Bingsheng Zhou
Exposure and toxicity to organophosphate-based flame retardants are an increasing health concern. Neurons appear to be particularly vulnerable to the effects of these chemicals. For example, in vitro studies have shown that tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) induces apoptosis and autophagy in neural cells. In the present study, we investigated the cell biological mechanisms of TDCIPP-induced neurotoxicity using undifferentiated human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells as a model. Interestingly, TDCIPP treatment promoted differentiation in SH-SY5Y cells, which displayed various alterations including neurite elongation, an expansion of the numbers of neurite-bearing cells, and an increase in expression of cytoskeletal components normally enriched in neurons...
May 8, 2017: Neurotoxicology
keyword
keyword
46257
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"