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Lncrna fibrosis

Mengsi Hu, Rong Wang, Xiaobing Li, Minghua Fan, Jiangong Lin, Junhui Zhen, Liqun Chen, Zhimei Lv
Metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1(MALAT1) is a long non-coding RNA, broadly expressed in mammalian tissues including kidney and up-regulated in a variety of cancer cells. To date, its functions in podocytes are largely unknown. β-catenin is a key mediator in the canonical and non-canonical Wnt signalling pathway; its aberrant expression promotes podocyte malfunction and albuminuria, and contributes to kidney fibrosis. In this study, we found that MALAT1 levels were increased in kidney cortices from C57BL/6 mice with streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic nephropathy, and dynamically regulated in cultured mouse podocytes stimulated with high glucose, which showed a trend from rise to decline...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Yongfeng Song, Chune Liu, Xia Liu, Jocelyn Trottier, Michele Beaudoin, Li Zhang, Chad Pope, Guangyong Peng, Olivier Barbier, Xiaobo Zhong, Linheng Li, Li Wang
Based on our recent finding that disruption of bile acid (BA) homeostasis in mice results in the induction of hepatic lncRNA H19 expression, we sought to elucidate the role of H19 in cholestatic liver fibrosis. Hepatic overexpression of H19RNA augmented bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced liver fibrosis, which was accompanied by the elevation of serum ALT, AST, bilirubin, and BA levels. Multiple genes related to liver fibrosis, inflammation, and biliary hyperplasia were increased in H19-BDL vs Null-BDL mice, whereas genes in BA synthesis were decreased...
April 13, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Na Fu, Su-Xian Zhao, Ling-Bo Kong, Jing-Hua Du, Wei-Guang Ren, Fang Han, Qing-Shan Zhang, Wen-Cong Li, Cui Po, Rong-Qi Wang, Yu-Guo Zhang, Yue-Min Nan
OBJECTIVE(S): Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs)-activated by transforming growth factor beta (lncRNA-ATB) is known to be involved in the invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma by regulating target gene miR-200a. However, the role and molecular mechanisms of lncRNA-ATB/miR-200a in HCV-related liver fibrosis remains unclear. In this study, we examined the expression of lncRNA-ATB/miR-200a, and their target gene β-Catenin in liver tissues of HCV patients and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) to elucidate the possible role of lncRNA-ATB/miR-200a axis in HSC activation and development of liver fibrosis...
March 13, 2017: Gene
Xiaojiaoyang Li, Runping Liu, Jing Yang, Lixin Sun, Luyong Zhang, Zhenzhou Jiang, Puneet Puri, Emily C Gurley, Guanhua Lai, Yuping Tang, Zhiming Huang, William M Pandak, Phillip B Hylemon, Huiping Zhou
The multi-drug resistance 2 knockout (Mdr2(-/-) ) mouse is a well-established model of cholestatic cholangiopathies. Female Mdr2(-/-) mice develop more severe hepatobiliary damage than male Mdr2(-/-) mice, which is correlated with a higher proportion of taurocholate (TCA) in bile. Although estrogen has been identified as an important player in intrahepatic cholestasis, the underlying molecular mechanisms of gender-based disparity of cholestatic injury remain unclear. The long non-coding RNA H19 is an imprinted, maternally expressed and estrogen-targeted gene, which is significantly induced in human fibrotic/cirrhotic liver and bile duct ligated mouse liver...
March 8, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Shi-Hang Tang, Jin-Hang Gao, Shi-Lei Wen, Huan Tong, Zhao-Ping Yan, Rui Liu, Cheng-Wei Tang
Multiple long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to be involved in liver disease. Increased cyclooxygenase-2 (COX‑2) levels have also been reported to be involved in the progression of liver cirrhosis. In the present study, the correlations between lncRNA‑COX‑2 RNA expression levels, COX‑2 mRNA expression levels and liver fibrosis were examined. Liver fibrosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in mice for 2 months (CCl4‑2M) or 3 months (CCl4‑3M)...
April 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Hao Wang, Yanfeng Jiang, Ming Lu, Bei Sun, Xin Qiao, Dongbo Xue, Weihui Zhang
BACKGROUND: With the deepening of research, the roles of LncRNAs play in the fibrotic process have attracted great attention. At the early stage of pancreatic fibrogenesis, to effectively regulate pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) activation is crucial for the treatment of chronic pancreatic fibrosis. METHODS: Microarray data on chronic pancreatitis were retrieved from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) repository and analyzed using bioinformatic methods. A diagram of the lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA network was constructed...
February 1, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Xuefeng Qu, Yue Du, You Shu, Ming Gao, Fei Sun, Shenjian Luo, Ti Yang, Linfeng Zhan, Yin Yuan, Wenfeng Chu, Zhenwei Pan, Zhiguo Wang, Baofeng Yang, Yanjie Lu
A long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), named myocardial infarction associated transcript (MIAT), has been documented to confer risk of myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of this study is to elucidate the pathophysiological role of MIAT in regulation of cardiac fibrosis. In a mouse model of MI, we found that MIAT was remarkably up-regulated, which was accompanied by cardiac interstitial fibrosis. MIAT up-regulation in MI was accompanied by deregulation of some fibrosis-related regulators: down-regulation of miR-24 and up-regulation of Furin and TGF-β1...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Biljana Atanasovska, Sander S Rensen, Marijke R van der Sijde, Glenn Marsman, Vinod Kumar, Iris Jonkers, Sebo Withoff, Ronit Shiri-Sverdlov, Jan Willem M Greve, Klaas Nico Faber, Han Moshage, Cisca Wijmenga, Bart van de Sluis, Marten H Hofker, Jingyuan Fu
Hepatocyte apoptosis in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) can lead to fibrosis and cirrhosis, which permanently damage the liver. Understanding the regulation of hepatocyte apoptosis is therefore important to identify therapeutic targets that may prevent the progression of NASH to fibrosis. Recently, increasing evidence has shown that lncRNAs are involved in various biological processes and that their dysregulation underlies a number of complex human diseases. By performing gene expression profiling of 4,383 lncRNAs in 82 liver samples from individuals with NASH (n=48), simple steatosis but no NASH (n=11) and healthy controls (n=23), we discovered a liver-specific lncRNA (RP11-484N16...
January 10, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Er-Bao Bian, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Yang Yang, Bao-Ming Wu, Tao Xu, Xiao-Ming Meng, Cheng Huang, Lei Zhang, Xiong-Wen Lv, Zhi-Gang Xiong, Jun Li
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are increasingly recognized as major players in regulating various biological processes. LncRNA HOX transcript antisense RNA (Hotair) has been extensively studied in cancer. However, the role of Hotair in liver fibrosis remains unknown. Here we observed that Hotair expression was significantly increased in CCl4-induced mouse liver fibrosis models, human fibrotic livers and activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) by TGF-β1 stimulation. Enforced expression of Hotair in LX-2 cells promoted cell proliferation and activation while inhibition of its expression had an opposite effect...
December 13, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Jianjian Zheng, Fujun Yu, Peihong Dong, Limei Wu, Yuan Zhang, Yanwei Hu, Lei Zheng
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process is considered as a key event in the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Hedgehog (Hh) pathway is known to be required for EMT process. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be involved in a wide range of biological processes. Plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1), a novel lncRNA, is often up-regulated in various human cancers. However, the role of PVT1 in liver fibrosis remains undefined. In this study, PVT1 was increased in fibrotic liver tissues and activated HSCs...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Na Fu, Xuemin Niu, Yang Wang, Huijuan Du, Baoyu Wang, Jinghua Du, Ya Li, Rongqi Wang, Yuguo Zhang, Suxian Zhao, Dianxing Sun, Liang Qiao, Yuemin Nan
Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA)-activated by transforming growth factor-beta (LncRNA-ATB) is a key regulator of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling pathway, and is positively correlated with the development of liver cirrhosis and vascular invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the role of LncRNA-ATB in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver fibrosis remains largely unknown. In the present study, we confirmed a high expression level of LncRNA-ATB in the liver tissues and plasma samples of patients with HCV-related hepatic fibrosis, and the plasma level of LncRNA-ATB was significantly correlated with liver fibrosis stages...
August 2016: Discovery Medicine
Qiuyun Wu, Lei Han, Weiwen Yan, Xiaoming Ji, Ruhui Han, Jingjin Yang, Jiali Yuan, Chunhui Ni
Silicosis is an incurable occupational disease associated with inflammation, fibroblast proliferation and the accumulation of extracellular matrix in lung tissues. The dysregulation of lncRNAs and miRNAs has been implicated in many complex diseases; however, the current understanding of their roles in fibrotic lung diseases, especially silicosis, remains limited. Our previous microRNA (miRNA, miR) microarray data have indicated decreased expression levels of miR-489 in lung tissues of silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis...
2016: Scientific Reports
Sheena M Saayman, Amanda Ackley, Jon Burdach, Matthew Clemson, Dieter C Gruenert, Kiyoshi Tachikawa, Pad Chivukula, Marc S Weinberg, Kevin V Morris
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-shortening genetic disease. The root cause of CF is heritable recessive mutations that affect the cystic fibrosis transmembrance conductance regulator (CFTR) gene and the subsequent expression and activity of encoded ion channels at the cell surface. We show that CFTR is regulated transcriptionally by the actions of a novel long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), designated as BGas, that emanates from intron 11 of the CFTR gene and is expressed in the antisense orientation relative to the protein coding sense strand...
August 2016: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Hong Xie, Jing-Dong Xue, Feng Chao, Yan-Feng Jin, Qiang Fu
Although long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important players in the initiation and progression of many pathological processes, the role of lncRNAs in renal fibrosis still remains unclear. We showed that lncRNA-H19 expression was significantly up-regulated in TGF-β2-induced HK-2 cell fibrosis and unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced renal fibrosis in vivo. H19 knockdown significantly attenuated renal fibrosis in vitro and in vivo. LncRNA-H19, miR-17, and fibronectin constituted to a regulatory network involved in renal fibrosis...
August 9, 2016: Oncotarget
Jing-Jing Yang, Li-Ping Liu, Hui Tao, Wei Hu, Peng Shi, Zi-Yu Deng, Jun Li
Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) plays a key role in liver fibrosis. However, the potential mechanism of MeCP2 in liver fibrosis remains unclear. Early reports suggest that LncRNA H19 is important epigenetic regulator with critical roles in cell proliferation, but its role in hepatic fibrosis remains elusive. Sprague-Dawley rats liver fibrosis was generated by 12-weeks treatment with CCl4 intraperitoneal injection. HSC-T6 cells were used in vitro study. The expression levels of MeCP2, H19, IGF1R, α-SMA, and Col1A1 were estimated by Western blotting, qRT-PCR and Immunohistochemistry...
June 1, 2016: Toxicology
Hui Tao, Wei Cao, Jing-Jing Yang, Kai-Hu Shi, Xiao Zhou, Li-Ping Liu, Jun Li
Down-regulation of DUSP5 has been shown to increase cell proliferation. DUSP5 expression is regulated through epigenetic events involving LncRNA H19 human choriocarcinoma cell line. However, the molecular mechanisms of H19 modulating the DUSP5 expression in cardiac fibrosis remain largely unknown. Here, we identify H19 negatively regulation of DUSP5 gene expression in cardiac fibroblast and fibrosis tissues. In vivo, the expression levels of H19, DUSP5, α-SMA, p-ERK1/2, and ERK1/2 in cardiac fibrosis tissue were estimated by Western blotting, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry...
September 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Elena M Smekalova, Yuri V Kotelevtsev, Dominique Leboeuf, Evgeniya Y Shcherbinina, Anna S Fefilova, Timofei S Zatsepin, Victor Koteliansky
Long non-coding RNAs constitute the most abundant part of the transcribed mammalian genome. lncRNAs affect all essential processes in the living cell including transcription, splicing, translation, replication, shaping of chromatin and post translational modification of proteins. Alterations in lncRNA expression have been linked to a number of diseases; thus, modulation of lncRNA expression holds a huge potential for gene-based therapy. In this review we summarize published data about lncRNAs in the context of hepatic carcinogenesis and liver fibrosis, and the corresponding potential targets for gene therapy...
December 2016: Biochimie
Eleni Arvaniti, Panagiotis Moulos, Athina Vakrakou, Christos Chatziantoniou, Christos Chadjichristos, Panagiotis Kavvadas, Aristidis Charonis, Panagiotis K Politis
Transcriptome analysis by RNA-seq technology allows novel insights into gene expression and regulatory networks in health and disease. To better understand the molecular basis of renal fibrosis, we performed RNA-seq analysis in the Unilateral Ureteric Obstruction (UUO) mouse model. We analysed sham operated, 2- and 8-day post-ligation renal tissues. Thousands of genes with statistical significant changes in their expression were identified and classified into cellular processes and molecular pathways. Many novel protein-coding genes were identified, including critical transcription factors with important regulatory roles in other tissues and diseases...
2016: Scientific Reports
Xuefeng Qu, Xiaotong Song, Wei Yuan, You Shu, Yuying Wang, Xuyun Zhao, Ming Gao, Renzhong Lu, Shenjian Luo, Wei Zhao, Yue Zhang, Lihua Sun, Yanjie Lu
The present study aimed to investigate whether long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in cardiac fibrogenesis induced by myocardial infarction (MI). The differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs in peri-infarct region of mice 4 weeks after MI were selected for bioinformatic analysis including gene ontology (GO) enrichment, pathway and network analysis. Left ventricular tissue levels of lncRNAs and mRNAs were compared between MI and sham control mice, using a false discovery rate (FDR) of <5%. Out of 55000 lncRNAs detected, 263 were significantly up-regulated and 282 down-regulated...
July 2016: Bioscience Reports
Min Wang, Di Yao, Suyu Wang, Qin Yan, Weiping Lu
Diabetic nephropathy as the primary cause of end-stage renal disease reveals an increased incidence in patients with kidney disease as the continuous rising of type 2 diabetes. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the development of many diseases including diabetes; however, the role of lncRNAs in diabetic nephropathy is still unclear. In the present study, lncRNA microarray analysis was used to identify abnormally expressed lncRNAs and nearby mRNAs in renal cortical tissues dissected from kidney of db/db and db/m mice...
October 2016: Endocrine
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