Read by QxMD icon Read

Particulate matter

Karolina Gębka, Magdalena Bełdowska, Dominika Saniewska, Karol Kuliński, Jacek Bełdowski
Mercury (Hg) is a neurotoxic metal which can enter into the human organism mainly by fish consumption, skin and transpiration. In the coastal zone of the southern Baltic Sea, rivers are the main source of Hg. The Polish region represents the largest proportion of the Baltic Sea catchment and this research included four rivers of the Baltic watershed: the Reda, Zagórska Struga, Kacza and Gizdepka. The samples were collected in the years 2011-2013. Total and particulate Hg concentration in these rivers were measured...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Nelson J O'Driscoll, Emma Vost, Erin Mann, Sara Klapstein, Robert Tordon, Matthew Lukeman
Mercury is a globally distributed, environmental contaminant. Quantifying the retention and loss of mercury is integral for predicting mercury-sensitive ecosystems. There is little information on how dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations and particulates affect mercury photoreaction kinetics in freshwater lakes. To address this knowledge gap, samples were collected from ten lakes in Kejimkujik National Park, Nova Scotia (DOC: 2.6-15.4mg/L). Filtered (0.2μm) and unfiltered samples were analysed for gross photoreduction, gross photooxidation, and net reduction rates of mercury using pseudo first-order curves...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Alisè Turritto, Alessandro Acquavita, Annelore Bezzi, Stefano Covelli, Giorgio Fontolan, Elisa Petranich, Raffaella Piani, Simone Pillon
The Isonzo River has been demonstrated to be a continuing point source of mercury (Hg) in the Gulf of Trieste although the Idrija mine was last active in 1996. The present study aims to investigate the role of the suspended particulate matter (SPM) associated with tidal fluxes to disperse particulate Hg (PHg) into the Grado coastal lagoon system. PHg concentrations (avg. 3.11±2.62μg/g, d.w.), notwithstanding the ebb or flood tides, were significantly higher than the local sediment background (0.13μg/g). The relative affinity of Hg for the particulate phase in surface waters was confirmed by higher average distribution coefficient (Kd ) values (5...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Rui Li, Changyuan Tang, Yingjie Cao, Tao Jiang, Jianyao Chen
The concentrations of Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, and As varied quite differently in the water, suspended particulate matter (SPM), and sediment along the middle reach of the Beijiang River in southern China. The total concentrations of trace metals and As in the water column were significantly affected by the concentration of SPM, while the metals and As in the sediment were mainly influenced by fine particle component, OM and Fe/Mn/Al. The partitioning coefficient of trace metals and As in the water column generally appeared in the following order: Pb > Cd > Cu > Zn > As...
June 14, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Paolo Vineis, Daniela Fecht
The proportion of total deaths attributable to environmental factors is estimated to be 23% of global deaths and 22% of global disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) according to one review. These estimates encompass all environmental agents including infectious agents but excluding behavioural factors. The authors of the review also estimated that 16% (95% CI: 7-41%) of cancer deaths are attributable to environmental risk factors (and 36% [95% CI: 17-52%] for lung cancer). In this article, we focus on the reasons why epidemiology is often unable to account for the whole burden of environmental carcinogens...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Tao Yu, Xueyan Zhang, Yanhua Wang, Tao Meng, Zhongxu Wang, Bin Li, Yuxin Zheng, Ping Bin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the toxic effect of vehicle exhaust( VE) on lung epithelial cells by air-liquid interface( ALI) method in vitro, and analyze the different toxicity of VE after being treated with 0. 2 μm filter. METHODS: VE were collected using20 liter Tedlar bags and their particulate matter( PM) number, surface and mass concentration were measured by particle size spectrometer for the interference of 0. 2 μm filter or non-filter. Four groups were included, which divided into blank control group, clean air group, filtered VE exposure group, non-filtered VE exposure group...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Xihao Du, Shuo Jiang, Liang Bo, Jie Liu, Xuejiao Zeng, Rongfang Jiang, Weimin Song, Jinzhuo Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To observe whether vitamin E( Ve) and ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids( ω-3 FA) could prevent the fine particulate matter( PM_(2. 5))-induced cardiovascular injury and explore the potential mechanism. METHODS: The SD rats were assigned randomly to 8 groups, those were control group, PM_(2. 5)group, Ve treatment groups( 3, 10, 30 mg/( kg·d)) and ω-3 FA treatment groups( 10, 30 and 90 mg/( kg·d)). The rats were pretreated with different concentration of Ve and ω-3 FA separately for 14 days, then were exposed to ambient PM_(2...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Lin Zang, Feiyue Mao, Jianping Guo, Wei Gong, Wei Wang, Zengxin Pan
Particulate matter with diameter less than 1 μm (PM1 ) has been found to be closely associated with air quality, climate changes, and even adverse human health. However, a large gap in our knowledge concerning the large-scale distribution and variability of PM1 remains, which is expected to be bridged with advanced remote-sensing techniques. In this study, a hybrid model called principal component analysis-general regression neural network (PCA-GRNN) is developed to estimate hourly PM1 concentrations from Himawari-8 aerosol optical depth in combination with coincident ground-based PM1 measurements in China...
June 11, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Kui Wang, Jianfang Chen, Haiyan Jin
Amino acids (AAs) constitute the largest reservoir of organic nitrogen in most marine organisms and are a major fraction of characterized carbon in marine particulate matter. AAs are also useful indicators of degradation in the marine environment. This article reports original content data of 17 individual amino acids on 47 surface sediment samples and 18 suspended particulate samples in the water column in Changjiang Estuary. Contents of amino acids in suspended particulates were much higher than that in the surface sediments...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Andrew M Simons, Theresa Beltramo, Garrick Blalock, David I Levine
This data in brief article includes estimated time cooking based on temperature sensor data taken every 30 min from three stone fires and introduced fuel-efficient Envirofit stoves in approximately 168 households in rural Uganda. These households were part of an impact evaluation study spanning about six months to understand the effects of fuel-efficient cookstoves on fuel use and pollution. Daily particulate matter (pollution) and fuelwood use data are also included. This data in brief file only includes the weeks prior to, during, and after an in-person measurement team visited each home...
June 2018: Data in Brief
James E Enstrom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
Junsung Noh, Hosang Kim, Changkeun Lee, Seo Joon Yoon, Seungoh Chu, Bong-Oh Kwon, Jongseong Ryu, Jae-Jin Kim, Hanbyul Lee, Un Hyuk Yim, John P Giesy, Jong Seong Khim
Dispersion and biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons are significantly enhanced by formation of oil-suspended particulate matter aggregates (OSAs), but little is known about their adverse effects on benthic invertebrates or microbes. In this study, we investigated: (1) bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by the marine bivalve, Mactra veneriformis and (2) changes in composition and relative abundances of microbes, during 50-d of OSAs feeding experiment. Total concentrations of PAHs increased more rapidly during the first week of exposure, peaked at Day 30, then gradually declined to the end of experiment...
June 14, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Anna Oudin, David Segersson, Rolf Adolfsson, Bertil Forsberg
OBJECTIVES: There is highly suggestive evidence for an effect of air pollution exposure on dementia-related outcomes, but evidence is not yet present to clearly pinpoint which pollutants are the probable causal agents. The aims of this study was to assess the longitudinal association between exposures of fine ambient particulate matter (PM2.5) from residential wood burning, and vehicle exhaust, with dementia. METHOD: We used data from the Betula study, a longitudinal study of dementia in Umeå, Northern Sweden...
2018: PloS One
Sarah L O'Beirne, Sushila A Shenoy, Jacqueline Salit, Yael Strulovici-Barel, Robert J Kaner, Sudha Visvanathan, Jay S Fine, Jason G Mezey, Ronald G Crystal
RATIONALE: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that exposure to particulate matter ambient pollution has adverse effects on lung health, exacerbated by cigarette smoking. Fine air-borne particles <2.5 μm (PM2.5) are among the most harmful urban pollutants, and are closely linked to respiratory disease. OBJECTIVES: Based on the knowledge that the small airway epithelium (SAE) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of smoking-related lung disease, we hypothesized that elevated PM2...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Kyle Gorkowski, Neil M Donahue, Ryan C Sullivan
We present a new algorithm for the analysis of whispering gallery modes (WGMs) found in the cavity enhanced Raman spectra retrieved from optically tweezed droplets. Our algorithm improves the computational scaling when analyzing core-shell droplets (i.e. phase-separated or biphasic droplets) in the aerosol optical tweezers (AOT), making it computationally practical to analyze spectra collected at a few Hz over hours-long experiments. This enables the determination of the size and refractive index of both the core and shell phases with high accuracy, at 0...
June 13, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Sarah Rajkumar, Maggie L Clark, Bonnie N Young, Megan L Benka-Coker, Annette M Bachand, Robert D Brook, Tracy L Nelson, John Volckens, Stephen J Reynolds, Christian L'Orange, Nicholas Good, Kirsten Koehler, Sebastian Africano, Anibal B Osorto Pinel, Jennifer L Peel
Household air pollution from biomass cookstoves is estimated to be responsible for more than two and a half million premature deaths annually, primarily in low and middle-income countries where cardiometabolic disorders, such as Type II Diabetes, are increasing. Growing evidence supports a link between ambient air pollution and diabetes, but evidence for household air pollution is limited. This cross-sectional study of 142 women (72 with traditional stoves and 70 with cleaner-burning Justa stoves) in rural Honduras evaluated the association of exposure to household air pollution (stove type, 24-hour average kitchen and personal fine particulate matter [PM2...
June 13, 2018: Indoor Air
Xuan Yang, Xu Jia, Wei Dong, Shaowei Wu, Mark R Miller, Dayu Hu, Hongyu Li, Lu Pan, Furong Deng, Xinbiao Guo
To assess the cardiovascular benefits of protecting against particulate air pollution and noise, we conducted a randomized crossover study with 40 young healthy college students from March to May 2017 in the underground subway, Beijing. Participants each received four treatments [no intervention phase (NIP), respirator intervention phase (RIP), headphone intervention phase (HIP), respirator plus headphone intervention phase (RHIP)] in a randomized order during four different study periods with two-week washout intervals...
June 13, 2018: Indoor Air
Iván Gutiérrez-Avila, Leonora Rojas-Bracho, Horacio Riojas-Rodríguez, Itai Kloog, Allan C Just, Stephen J Rothenberg
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm (PM2.5 ) is associated with acute cardiovascular and cerebrovascular mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate these associations with specific causes of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular mortality in Mexico City. METHODS: We obtained daily mortality records for Mexico City from 2004 to 2013 for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular causes in people ≥25 and ≥65 years old...
June 12, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Barend L van Drooge, Raimon M Prats, Cristina Reche, MariCruz Minguillón, Xavier Querol, Joan O Grimalt, Teresa Moreno
Underground subways transport large numbers of citizens in big cities, which must breathe air with limited ventilation. These atmospheric conditions may enhance the concentration of air pollutants from both outdoor and indoor air. The influence of ventilation conditions and maintenance activities on the concentrations of air pollutants have been studied. Particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter smaller than 2.5 μm (PM2.5 ) in indoor air was sampled in ten platforms of nine subway stations of the metropolitan area of Barcelona in 2015 and 2016...
June 9, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
S M J Mortazavi
Recent studies show that short-term exposure to ambient particulate matter is associated with more emergency department visits and hospitalizations for pneumonia as well as increased mortality and increased health care costs among older adults. Moreover, exposure to ambient particulate matter is shown to be connected with an increased rate of daily mortality and hospitalizations due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The association between short-term exposures to particulate matter with a diameter less than 2...
June 12, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"