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Exercise Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453742/the-effect-of-physical-activity-interventions-on-glycosylated-haemoglobin-hba-1c-in-non-diabetic-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Iván Cavero-Redondo, Bárbara Peleteiro, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Enrique G Artero, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Vicente Martinez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is widely perceived to be beneficial for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus and for controlling glycaemic levels in patients with type 2 diabetes, but evidence supporting a positive effect in the control of glycaemic levels in healthy people is rather weak. The aim of this review was to estimate the effect of physical activity on glycaemic control measured by glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA 1c ) levels in non-diabetic populations, and to determine which type of physical activity has a greater influence on glycaemic control...
February 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452165/the-beneficial-role-of-early-exercise-training-following-stroke-and-possible-mechanisms
#2
REVIEW
Ying Xing, Si-Dong Yang, Fang Dong, Man-Man Wang, Ya-Shuo Feng, Feng Zhang
Exercise training is a regular therapy for stroke patients in clinic. However, whether the early exercise is beneficial for stroke patients is still controversial. The review was performed in databases of OVID, PUBMED, and ISI Web of Science, from respective inception to December 2017. In this review, we summarize the effect of different exercise intensity, initiation time, and style on ischemic stroke. Moreover, the possible mechanism is also discussed. The conclusion is that the voluntary exercise is better in promoting the functional recovery following stroke compared to forced exercise; too early initiated exercise might play a harmful role following stroke, while early initiated exercise might exert benefits after stroke; mild and moderate intensity exercise training could generate better neuroprotection in comparison with high intensity exercise training; early excise training could regulate the process of brain edema, cell apoptosis, oxidative damage, stem cells and other mechanisms in order to exert neuroprotection for brain...
February 13, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449122/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-improving-postpartum-maternal-sleep-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Sawayra Owais, Cheryl H T Chow, Melissa Furtado, Benicio N Frey, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Evidence suggests that poor postpartum sleep quality is a risk factor for the development of postpartum depression. As such, non-pharmacological interventions have been developed to help improve sleep in the postpartum period. The primary aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to determine if non-pharmacological interventions improved maternal sleep and to compare the effectiveness of different intervention types. Secondary aims included examining effects on maternal mood and infant sleep. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science from their inceptions to September 2017 and found 15 eligible studies...
January 31, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446252/what-is-the-effect-of-exercise-on-wound-healing-in-patients-with-venous-leg-ulcers-a-systematic-review
#4
Daisy Smith, Rebecca Lane, Rosemary McGinnes, Jane O'Brien, Renea Johnston, Lyndal Bugeja, Victoria Team, Carolina Weller
Standard best practice for the treatment of venous leg ulcers (VLUs) is compression bandaging of the lower leg to reduce hydrostatic pressure. There is considerable variation in reported healing rates when using this gold-standard approach; therefore, a systematic and robust evaluation of other interventions is required. Exercise interventions, in addition to standard compression therapy, could improve wound-healing time and prevent their recurrence. We have conducted a systematic review to examine the effects of exercise on wound characteristics, including time to heal, size and recurrence, pain, quality of life, adverse events, and economic outcomes...
February 15, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441401/exercise-induced-fatigue-in-young-people-advances-and-future-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Dimitrios A Patikas, Craig A Williams, Sébastien Ratel
PURPOSE: In recent decades, the interest for exercise-induced fatigue in youth has substantially increased, and the effects of growth on the peripheral (muscular) and central (neural) mechanisms underpinning differences in neuromuscular fatigue between healthy children and adults have been described more extensively. The purpose of this review is to retrieve, report, and analyse the findings of studies comparing neuromuscular fatigue between children and adults. Objective measures of the evaluation of the physiological mechanisms are discussed...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437484/the-effects-of-thai-yoga-on-physical-fitness-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#6
Chuenjid Kongkaew, Parinya Lertsinthai, Katechan Jampachaisri, Pajaree Mongkhon, Peerapong Meesomperm, Kunwarang Kornkaew, Phichamon Malaiwong
OBJECTIVES: Thai yoga is a traditional Thai exercise used for improving health-related physical fitness. Many studies have evaluated these effects, but their results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the effectiveness of Thai yoga on physical fitness. DESIGN/METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane library, Thai Library Integrated System (ThaiLis), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), National Rehabilitation Information Center (Rehabdata), Scopus, Web of Science, Thai University library databases/journals, and Thai Physical Therapy database up to March 2016 were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of Thai yoga exercise compared with normal daily activities as controls, in any language...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436137/caudal-and-intravenous-dexamethasone-as-an-adjuvant-to-pediatric-caudal-block-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Change Zhu, Saiji Zhang, Zhiqing Gu, Yiru Tong, Rong Wei
BACKGROUND: Dexamethasone has become a popular additive for regional anesthesia. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of this additive on the duration of postoperative analgesia, postoperative vomiting, and possible adverse events in pediatrics. METHODS: We searched databases, conference records, and registered trials for randomized controlled trials. The databases included the Cochrane Library, JBI Database of Systematic Reviews, PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Science-Direct, and Embase...
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435448/toward-a-tiered-model-to-share-clinical-trial-data-and-samples-in-precision-oncology
#8
Stefanie Broes, Denis Lacombe, Michiel Verlinden, Isabelle Huys
The recent revolution in science and technology applied to medical research has left in its wake a trial of biomedical data and human samples; however, its opportunities remain largely unfulfilled due to a number of legal, ethical, financial, strategic, and technical barriers. Precision oncology has been at the vanguard to leverage this potential of "Big data" and samples into meaningful solutions for patients, considering the need for new drug development approaches in this area (due to high costs, late-stage failures, and the molecular diversity of cancer)...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433577/gaps-and-strategies-in-developing-health-research-capacity-experience-from-the-nigeria-implementation-science-alliance
#9
Echezona E Ezeanolue, William Nii Ayitey Menson, Dina Patel, Gregory Aarons, Ayodotun Olutola, Michael Obiefune, Patrick Dakum, Prosper Okonkwo, Bola Gobir, Timothy Akinmurele, Anthea Nwandu, Hadiza Khamofu, Bolanle Oyeledun, Muyiwa Aina, Andy Eyo, Obinna Oleribe, Ikoedem Ibanga, John Oko, Chukwuma Anyaike, John Idoko, Muktar H Aliyu, Rachel Sturke
BACKGROUND: Despite being disproportionately burdened by preventable diseases than more advanced countries, low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) continue to trail behind other parts of the world in the number, quality and impact of scholarly activities by their health researchers. Our strategy at the Nigerian Implementation Science Alliance (NISA) is to utilise innovative platforms that catalyse collaboration, enhance communication between different stakeholders, and promote the uptake of evidence-based interventions in improving healthcare delivery...
February 12, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422467/spirometric-assessment-of-impact-of-complete-dentures-on-respiratory-performance-an-in-vitro-study
#10
H S Indrakumar, Deepa Venkatesh, Vidya V Adoni, Rucha Kashyap, D Jayanthi, Nikhil Prakash
INTRODUCTION: Edentulism is one of the debilitating states affecting a significant portion of the geriatric population. It is often considered as the ultimate marker for predicting the pressure and burden on oral health. Respiration is also a routine vital function running continuously through the human body and most commonly assessed by a spirometer. Hence, we planned the present study to assess the impact of complete dentures on the functioning of the respiratory system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, a spirometric assessment of the effect of complete dentures on respiratory performance was done...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417832/the-effects-of-internet-based-exercise-compared-with-supervised-group-exercise-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Buket Akinci, Ipek Yeldan, Ilhan Satman, Ahmet Dirican, Arzu Razak Ozdincler
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of Internet-based exercise on glycaemic control, blood lipids, body composition, physical activity level, functional capacity, and quality of life with supervised group exercise in patients with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Single-blind, randomized controlled study. SETTING: A Faculty of Health Sciences. SUBJECTS: A total of 65 patients with type 2 diabetes (47 women, 18 men). INTERVENTION: Group A ( n = 22), control group - physical activity counselling once with a brochure...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417075/meta-evaluation-of-published-studies-on-evaluation-of-health-disaster-preparedness-exercises-through-a-systematic-review
#12
Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam, Ahmad Reza Raeisi
OBJECTIVE: Exercise evaluation is one of the most important steps and sometimes neglected in designing and taking exercises, in this stage of exercise, it systematically identifying, gathering, and interpreting related information to indicate how an exercise has fulfilled its objectives. The present study aimed to assess the most important evaluation techniques applied in evaluating health exercises for emergencies and disasters. METHODS: This was meta-evaluation study through a systematic review...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417063/the-effect-of-aerobic-exercise-on-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-clinical-trial-study
#13
Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi, Farzaneh Jafarnejad, Zahra Kamali
INTRODUCTION: Primary dysmenorrhea without pelvic pathology is one of the most common complaints in women's medicine. Primary dysmenorrhea can affect the quality of life of women. Aerobic exercise is one of the ways to reduce the severity of primary dysmenorrhea. The present study aimed to determine the effect of 8 weeks of aerobic exercise on the severity of primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: This is a clinical trial study performed on 70 students with primary dysmenorrhea in dormitories of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in 2015...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412437/an-international-position-statement-on-the-management-of-frailty-in-diabetes-mellitus-summary-of-recommendations-2017
#14
A J Sinclair, A Abdelhafiz, T Dunning, M Izquierdo, L Rodriguez Manas, I Bourdel-Marchasson, J E Morley, M Munshi, J Woo, B Vellas
AIM: the the International Position Statement provides the opportunity to summarise all existing clinical trial and best practice evidence for older people with frailty and diabetes. It is the first document of its kind and is intended to support clinical decisions that will enhance safety in management and promote high quality care. METHODS: the Review Group sought evidence from a wide range of studies that provide sufficient confidence (in the absence of grading) for the basis of each recommendation...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409535/dmto-a-realistic-ontology-for-standard-diabetes-mellitus-treatment
#15
Shaker El-Sappagh, Daehan Kwak, Farman Ali, Kyung-Sup Kwak
BACKGROUND: Treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex problem. A clinical decision support system (CDSS) based on massive and distributed electronic health record data can facilitate the automation of this process and enhance its accuracy. The most important component of any CDSS is its knowledge base. This knowledge base can be formulated using ontologies. The formal description logic of ontology supports the inference of hidden knowledge. Building a complete, coherent, consistent, interoperable, and sharable ontology is a challenge...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407095/determinants-of-exercise-intolerance-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
David Montero, Candela Diaz-Cañestro
BACKGROUND: Severe exercise intolerance (EI), demonstrated by impaired peak oxygen consumption, intrinsically characterizes heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Controversy exists on the determinants of EI in patients with HFpEF according to case-control studies. The purpose of this study is to systematically review and clarify the main (Fick) determinants of EI in HFpEF. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE, Scopus and Web of Science since their inceptions until January 2017 for articles assessing peak cardiac output and/or arteriovenous oxygen difference (a-vO2diffpeak) with incremental exercise in patients diagnosed with HFpEF and age-matched control individuals...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403305/spotlight-on-topographical-pressure-pain-sensitivity-maps-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, Pascal Madeleine, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Paula Rezende Camargo, Tania Fátima Salvini
Mechanical hyperalgesia defined as decreased pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) is commonly associated with pain. In this narrative review, we report the current state of the art within topographical pressure sensitivity maps. Such maps are based on multiple PPT assessments. The PPTs are assessed by an a priori defined grid with special focus on both spatial and temporal summation issues. The grid covers the muscle or the body region of interest using absolute or relative values determined from anatomical landmarks or anthropometric values...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400994/advances-in-understanding-the-molecular-basis-of-the-mediterranean-diet-effect
#18
Dolores Corella, Oscar Coltell, Fernando Macian, José M Ordovás
Increasingly, studies showing the protective effects of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on different diseases (cardiovascular, diabetes, some cancers, and even total mortality and aging indicators) are being published. The scientific evidence level for each outcome is variable, and new studies are needed to better understand the molecular mechanisms whereby the MedDiet may exercise its effects. Here, we present recent advances in understanding the molecular basis of MedDiet effects, mainly focusing on cardiovascular diseases but also discussing other related diseases...
January 26, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394453/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-stable-angina
#19
REVIEW
Linda Long, Lindsey Anderson, Alice M Dewhirst, Jingzhou He, Charlene Bridges, Manish Gandhi, Rod S Taylor
BACKGROUND: A previous Cochrane review has shown that exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) can benefit myocardial infarction and post-revascularisation patients. However, the impact on stable angina remains unclear and guidance is inconsistent. Whilst recommended in the guidelines of American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association and the European Society of Cardiology, in the UK the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) states that there is "no evidence to suggest that CR is clinically or cost-effective for managing stable angina"...
February 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393546/comparison-of-metabolic-adaptations-between-endurance-and-sprint-trained-athletes-after-an-exhaustive-exercise-in-two-different-calf-muscles-using-a-multi-slice-31-p-mr-spectroscopic-sequence
#20
Kevin Moll, Alexander Gussew, Maria Nisser, Steffen Derlien, Martin Krämer, Jürgen R Reichenbach
Measurements of exercise-induced metabolic changes, such as oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide exhalation or lactate concentration, are important indicators for assessing the current performance level of athletes in training science. With exercise-limiting metabolic processes occurring in loaded muscles, 31 P-MRS represents a particularly powerful modality to identify and analyze corresponding training-induced alterations. Against this background, the current study aimed to analyze metabolic adaptations after an exhaustive exercise in two calf muscles (m...
February 2, 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
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