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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908565/determinants-of-hyperhomocysteinemia-in-healthy-and-hypertensive-subjects-a-population-based-study-and-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Liyuan Han, Yanfen Liu, Changyi Wang, Linlin Tang, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt, Qi Wen, Donghui Duan, Nanjia Lu, Guodong Xu, Kaiyue Wang, Lu Zhang, Kaibo Gu, Sihan Chen, Jianping Ma, Tao Zhang, Dingyun You, Shiwei Duan
AIMS: Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is known to increase the risk of many diseases. Factors influencing HHcy in healthy and hypertensive subjects remain under-researched. METHODS: A large population-based study was conducted in 60 communities from Shenzhen, China. Responses to standardized questions on lifestyle factors and blood samples were collected from all participants after a 12-h overnight fast. Multiple linear and multivariate logistic regressions were used to explore risk factors for HHcy...
November 19, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903779/exercise-physiology-and-sports-science-must-be-considered-in-evolutionary-theories-regarding-human-performance-a-reply-to-postma-2016
#2
James M Smoliga, Gerald S Zavorsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902497/service-providers-attitudes-toward-athletes-with-eating-disorders
#3
Siobhain McArdle, Mary M Meade, Emma Burrows
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the nature and extent of Athlete Support Personnel's (ASP's) attitudes and beliefs toward athletes with symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN) compared with those with symptoms of depression. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with a survey instrument. SETTING: Sport and Exercise Science Professional Bodies and Associations in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, and mainland United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-two ASP...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900176/systematic-review-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-interventions-to-improve-health-fitness-and-well-being-of-children-and-young-people-who-use-wheelchairs
#4
Thomas D O'Brien, Jane Noyes, Llinos Haf Spencer, Hans-Peter Kubis, Richard P Hastings, Rhiannon Whitaker
AIM: To perform a systematic review establishing the current evidence base for physical activity and exercise interventions that promote health, fitness and well-being, rather than specific functional improvements, for children who use wheelchairs. DESIGN: A systematic review using a mixed methods design. DATA SOURCES: A wide range of databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, BMJ Best Practice, NHS EED, CINAHL, AMED, NICAN, PsychINFO, were searched for quantitative, qualitative and health economics evidence...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899731/giving-credit-where-credit-s-due-why-it-s-so-hard-to-do-in-psychological-science
#5
Dean Keith Simonton
More than a century of scientific research has shed considerable light on how a scientist's contributions to psychological science might be best assessed and duly recognized. This brief overview of that empirical evidence concentrates on recognition for lifetime career achievements in psychological science. After discussing both productivity and citation indicators, the treatment turns to critical precautions in the application of these indicators to psychologists. These issues concern both predictive validity and interjudge reliability...
November 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896264/improving-fidelity-of-translation-of-the-stepping-on-falls-prevention-program-through-root-cause-analysis
#6
Jane E Mahoney, Vicki L Gobel, Terry Shea, Jodi Janczewski, Sandy Cech, Lindy Clemson
BACKGROUND: Fidelity monitoring is essential with implementation of complex health interventions, but there is little description of how to use results of fidelity monitoring to improve the draft program package prior to widespread dissemination. Root cause analysis (RCA) provides a systematic approach to identifying underlying causes and devising solutions to prevent errors in complex processes. Its use has not been described in implementation science. METHODS: Stepping On (SO) is a small group, community-based intervention that has been shown to reduce falls by 31%...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889869/left-ventricular-speckle-tracking-derived-cardiac-strain-and-cardiac-twist-mechanics-in-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-studies
#7
REVIEW
Alexander Beaumont, Fergal Grace, Joanna Richards, John Hough, David Oxborough, Nicholas Sculthorpe
BACKGROUND: The athlete's heart is associated with physiological remodeling as a consequence of repetitive cardiac loading. The effect of exercise training on left ventricular (LV) cardiac strain and twist mechanics are equivocal, and no meta-analysis has been conducted to date. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to review the literature pertaining to the effect of different forms of athletic training on cardiac strain and twist mechanics and determine the influence of traditional and contemporary sporting classifications on cardiac strain and twist mechanics...
November 26, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889495/health-status-physical-activity-and-orthorexia-nervosa-a-comparison-between-exercise-science-students-and-business-students
#8
Julia Malmborg, Ann Bremander, M Charlotte Olsson, Stefan Bergman
Orthorexia nervosa is described as an exaggerated fixation on healthy food. It is unclear whether students in health-oriented academic programs, highly focused on physical exercise, are more prone to develop orthorexia nervosa than students in other educational areas. The aim was to compare health status, physical activity, and frequency of orthorexia nervosa between university students enrolled in an exercise science program (n = 118) or a business program (n = 89). The students completed the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and ORTO-15, which defines orthorexia nervosa as a sensitive and obsessive behavior towards healthy nutrition...
November 23, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888996/the-effects-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-self-management-interventions-on-improvement-of-quality-of-life-in-copd-patients-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Danielle Cannon, Nicholas Buys, Krishna Bajee Sriram, Siddharth Sharma, Norman Morris, Jing Sun
This article aimed to analyse the outcome of self-management randomised control trials and their impact upon chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients' health outcomes using meta-analysis approach. PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science databases and Cochrane Library, were searched for articles between 1990 and December 2015 by two researchers. Self-management programs significantly improved patients' quality of life across all domains of the St George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) (activity -2.21 (95% CI: -3...
December 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880073/an-interprofessional-health-assessment-program-in-rural-amateur-sport
#10
Sandra Grace, Rosanne Coutts
Effective interprofessional learning (IPL) in multisectoral collaborations such as those linking health services within communities can provide an authentic experience for students and also appears to be the most effective way to achieve health changes in targeted population groups. The aim of this study was to facilitate the IPL of students at a rural university in a multisectoral health assessment programme and to promote health in players of rural amateur sport. Two rural rugby league teams took part in three pre-season health assessments conducted by general medical practitioners, practice nurses, and nursing, osteopathy, and exercise science students...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872372/do-infants-retain-the-statistics-of-a-statistical-learning-experience-insights-from-a-developmental-cognitive-neuroscience-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Rebecca L Gómez
Statistical structure abounds in language. Human infants show a striking capacity for using statistical learning (SL) to extract regularities in their linguistic environments, a process thought to bootstrap their knowledge of language. Critically, studies of SL test infants in the minutes immediately following familiarization, but long-term retention unfolds over hours and days, with almost no work investigating retention of SL. This creates a critical gap in the literature given that we know little about how single or multiple SL experiences translate into permanent knowledge...
January 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866236/effects-of-physical-exercise-on-markers-of-cellular-immunosenescence-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
H Cao Dinh, I Beyer, T Mets, O O Onyema, R Njemini, W Renmans, M De Waele, K Jochmans, S Vander Meeren, I Bautmans
Aging affects negatively the immune system, defined as immunosenescence, which increases the susceptibility of elderly persons to infection, autoimmune disease, and cancer. There are strong indications that physical exercise in elderly persons may prevent the age-related decline in immune response without significant side effects. Consequently, exercise is being considered as a safe mode of intervention to reduce immunosenescence. The aim of this review was to appraise the existing evidence regarding the impact of exercise on surface markers of cellular immunosenescence in either young and old humans or animals...
November 19, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865802/improving-the-medical-curriculum-in-predoctoral-dental-education-recommendations-from-the-american-association-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeons-committee-on-predoctoral-education-and-training
#14
Matthew J Dennis, Jeffrey D Bennett, Dean M DeLuke, Erik W Evans, John W Hudson, Anders Nattestad, Gregory M Ness, Allison Yeung
Dental procedures are often performed on patients who present with some level of medical fragility. In many dental schools, the exercise of taking a medical history is all too often a transcription of information to the dental chart, with little emphasis on the presurgical risk assessment and the development of a treatment plan appropriate to the medical status of the dental patient. Changes in dentistry, driven by an increasingly medically complex population of dental patients, combined with treatment advances rooted in the biomedical sciences necessitate the adaptation of our dental education to include a stronger background in systemic health...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859711/red-cell-volume-response-to-exercise-training-association-with-aging
#15
REVIEW
D Montero, C Lundby
Red blood cell volume (RBCV) is a main determinant of cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy individuals. However, it remains controversial to what extent exercise training (ExT) enhances RBCV. Therefore, we sought to systematically review and determine the effect of ExT on RBCV in healthy individuals across all ages. We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science, since their inceptions until February 2016 for articles assessing the effect of ExT interventions (not including hypoxic training) on blood volumes in healthy individuals...
November 18, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848725/results-from-south-africa-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#16
Monika Uys, Susan Bassett, Catherine E Draper, Lisa Micklesfield, Andries Monyeki, Anniza de Villiers, Estelle V Lambert
BACKGROUND: We present results of the 2016 Healthy Active Kids South Africa (HAKSA) Report Card on the current status of physical activity (PA) and nutrition in South African youth. The context in which we interpret the findings is that participation in PA is a fundamental human right, along with the right to "attainment of the highest standard of health." METHODS: The HAKSA 2016 Writing Group was comprised of 33 authorities in physical education, exercise science, nutrition, public health, and journalism...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847350/design-considerations-in-development-of-a-mobile-health-intervention-program-the-text-me-and-textmeds-experience
#17
Jay Thakkar, Tony Barry, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Julie Redfern, Alistair L McEwan, Anthony Rodgers, Clara K Chow
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) has huge potential to deliver preventative health services. However, there is paucity of literature on theoretical constructs, technical, practical, and regulatory considerations that enable delivery of such services. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to outline the key considerations in the development of a text message-based mHealth program; thus providing broad recommendations and guidance to future researchers designing similar programs...
November 15, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819000/effects-of-physical-activity-programs-on-the-improvement-of-dementia-symptom-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Han Suk Lee, Sun Wook Park, Yoo Jung Park
Objective. To confirm that physical activity program improves the symptoms of dementia and the most effective physical activity was selected to help establish exercise programs. Methods. Three databases, PubMed, Science Direct, and Willey online, were used to collect articles. The databases were published between January 2005 and December 2015. Keywords such as "dementia," and "physical activity" were used in searching for papers. As a result, nine studies were selected in the second screening of the meta-analyses...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813685/physical-activity-and-intermittent-postconcussion-symptoms-after-a-period-of-symptom-limited-physical-and-cognitive-rest
#19
Quinton Sawyer, Brian Vesci, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
: Reference: Schneider KJ, Iverson GL, Emery CA, McCrory P, Herring SA, Meeuwisse WH. The effects of rest and treatment following sport-related concussion: a systematic review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(5):304-307. Clinical Question After concussion and a period of symptom-limited physical and cognitive rest, do athletes who experience intermittent symptoms return to asymptomatic condition more quickly with physical activity than with prolonged physical rest? DATA SOURCES: One investigator performed an individual search for each research question using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registers, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, ProQuest, PsychInfo, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810971/barriers-and-facilitators-to-physical-activity-in-people-with-hip-or-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#20
Archontissa M Kanavaki, Alison Rushton, Rainer Klocke, Abhishek Abhishek, Joan L Duda
INTRODUCTION: This protocol aims to describe the objective and methods to be followed in a systematic review of qualitative studies on barriers and facilitators to physical activity (PA) in people with hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PhychINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Scopus and grey literature sources will be electronically searched. Hand search of qualitative research-centred journals, reference screening of relevant reviews and inquiries to researchers active in the field will complement the search...
November 3, 2016: BMJ Open
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