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Exercise Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037377/thermographic-imaging-in-sports-and-exercise-medicine-a-delphi-study-and-consensus-statement-on-the-measurement-of-human-skin-temperature
#1
REVIEW
Danilo Gomes Moreira, Joseph T Costello, Ciro J Brito, Jakub G Adamczyk, Kurt Ammer, Aaron J E Bach, Carlos M A Costa, Clare Eglin, Alex A Fernandes, Ismael Fernández-Cuevas, José J A Ferreira, Damiano Formenti, Damien Fournet, George Havenith, Kevin Howell, Anna Jung, Glen P Kenny, Eleazar S Kolosovas-Machuca, Matthew J Maley, Arcangelo Merla, David D Pascoe, Jose I Priego Quesada, Robert G Schwartz, Adérito R D Seixas, James Selfe, Boris G Vainer, Manuel Sillero-Quintana
The importance of using infrared thermography (IRT) to assess skin temperature (tsk) is increasing in clinical settings. Recently, its use has been increasing in sports and exercise medicine; however, no consensus guideline exists to address the methods for collecting data in such situations. The aim of this study was to develop a checklist for the collection of tsk using IRT in sports and exercise medicine. We carried out a Delphi study to set a checklist based on consensus agreement from leading experts in the field...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031538/everyday-stress-response-targets-in-the-science-of-behavior-change
#2
Joshua M Smyth, Martin J Sliwinski, Matthew J Zawadzki, Stacey B Scott, David E Conroy, Stephanie T Lanza, David Marcusson-Clavertz, Jinhyuk Kim, Robert S Stawski, Catherine M Stoney, Orfeu M Buxton, Christopher N Sciamanna, Paige M Green, David M Almeida
Stress is an established risk factor for negative health outcomes, and responses to everyday stress can interfere with health behaviors such as exercise and sleep. In accordance with the Science of Behavior Change (SOBC) program, we apply an experimental medicine approach to identifying stress response targets, developing stress response assays, intervening upon these targets, and testing intervention effectiveness. We evaluate an ecologically valid, within-person approach to measuring the deleterious effects of everyday stress on physical activity and sleep patterns, examining multiple stress response components (i...
September 28, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028635/are-we-on-the-same-page-shared-mental-models-to-support-clinical-teamwork-among-health-professions-learners-a-scoping-review
#3
Leslie Carstensen Floren, DorAnne Donesky, Evans Whitaker, David M Irby, Olle Ten Cate, Bridget C O'Brien
PURPOSE: To conduct a scoping review to explore the construct of shared mental models (SMMs) in the context of clinical teamwork among health professions learners. METHOD: The authors searched the PubMed, ERIC, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, PsychINFO, and EMBASE databases for English-language articles published between 2000 and 2016. Eligible articles mentioned SMMs in relation to clinical teamwork and included health professions learners. Two reviewers screened studies for eligibility and extracted data to determine the depth and breadth of the literature on SMMs...
October 12, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026503/content-analysis-of-the-concept-of-addiction-in-high-school-textbooks-of-iran
#4
Mohammad Hasan Mirzamohammadi, Sayedeh Zainab Mousavi, Omid Massah, Ali Farhoudian
BACKGROUND: This research sought to determine how well the causes of addiction, addiction harms, and prevention of addiction have been noticed in high school textbooks. METHODS: We used descriptive method to select the main related components of the addiction concept and content analysis method for analyzing the content of textbooks. The study population comprised 61 secondary school curriculum textbooks and study sample consisted of 14 secondary school textbooks selected by purposeful sampling method...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023919/causal-narratives-in-public-health-the-difference-between-mechanisms-of-aetiology-and-mechanisms-of-prevention-in-non-communicable-diseases
#5
Michael P Kelly, Federica Russo
Research in the health sciences has been highly successful in revealing the aetiologies of many morbidities, particularly those involving the microbiology of communicable disease. This success has helped form a narrative to be found in numerous public health documents, about interventions to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases (e.g., obesity or alcohol related pathologies). These focus on tackling the purported pathogenic factors causing the diseases as a means of prevention. In this paper, we argue that this approach has been sub-optimal...
October 11, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023563/influence-of-platinum-harmonized-textile-on-neuromuscular-systemic-and-subjective-recovery
#6
Fridolin Zinke, Patrick Bakenecker, Daniel Hahn
The clothing manufacturer Venex Life-Science tracks the strategy to enhance recovery process through implementing platinum harmonized technology (PHT) into their Venex® Regeneration Wear. The proposed mechanisms of the regeneration wear are an increase of parasympathetic activity and an increase of the temperature due far-infrared radiation. The purpose of this study was to investigate potential effects of Venex regeneration wear on the recovery of neuromuscular, systemic and subjective parameters following exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023280/corrective-exercises-improve-movement-efficiency-and-sensorimotor-function-but-not-fatigue-sensitivity-in-chronic-ankle-instability-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Sajad Bagherian, Nader Rahnama, Erik A Wikstrom
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of corrective exercises on functional movement patterns, sensorimotor function, self-reported function, and fatigue sensitivity in collegiate athletes with chronic ankle instability (CAI). DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Laboratory of sports sciences. PARTICIPANTS: Forty male volunteers were randomly assigned to the experimental group (age 21.2 ± 1.7 years, height 174...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022264/experimental-evidences-supporting-the-benefits-of-exercise-training-in-heart-failure
#8
Marcelo H A Ichige, Marcelo G Pereira, Patrícia C Brum, Lisete C Michelini
Heart Failure (HF), a common end point for many cardiovascular diseases, is a syndrome with a very poor prognosis. Although clinical trials in HF have achieved important outcomes in reducing mortality, little is known about functional mechanisms conditioning health improvement in HF patients. In parallel with clinical studies, basic science has been providing important discoveries to understand the mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of HF, as well as to identify potential targets for the treatment of this syndrome...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022262/myocardial-infarction-and-exercise-training-evidence-from-basic-science
#9
Ivana C Moraes-Silva, Bruno Rodrigues, Hélio J Coelho-Junior, Daniele Jardim Feriani, Maria-Claudia Irigoyen
In 2016, cardiovascular disease remains the first cause of mortality worldwide [1]. Coronary artery disease, which is the most important precursor of myocardial infarction (MI), is the main component of total cardiovascular mortality, being responsible for approximately seven million of deaths [1]. In approximately 20% of infarcted patients, MI is recurrent in the first year after the event [2]. Moreover, among cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease accounts for the most increased index of life years lost due to morbidity and/or mortality [1]...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022103/antidiabetic-plant-derived-nutraceuticals-a-critical-review
#10
REVIEW
Jayapal Naveen, Vallikannan Baskaran
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the major health problems in the world, especially amongst the urban population. Chemically synthesized drugs used to decrease the ill effects of DM and its secondary complications cause adverse side effects, viz., weight gain, gastrointestinal disturbances, and heart failure. Currently, various other approaches, viz., diet control, physical exercise and use of antidiabetic plant-derived molecules/foods are advocated to manage DM, as they are economical with fewer or no side effects...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021907/lessons-from-popper-for-science-paradigm-shifts-scientific-revolutions-and-exercise-physiology
#11
REVIEW
Robert Andrew Robergs
A connection has been made to the possible role of the central governor model (CGM) to be a paradigm shift within the exercise sciences. Unfortunately, very little evidence was presented to support this notion, and a narrow view of scientific philosophy was used to reflect on the role of the CGM in understanding exercise physiology and the pursuit of a more ideal scientific method. When contrasting the scientific philosophies of Kuhn to Popper, and applying the tenant of falsification to the research and commentary on the CGM, it is probable that the scholarship pertaining to the CGM adheres more to pseudoscience than science...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021762/massage-alleviates-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-after-strenuous-exercise-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Jianmin Guo, Linjin Li, Yuxiang Gong, Rong Zhu, Jiake Xu, Jun Zou, Xi Chen
Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of massage on alleviating delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) and muscle performance after strenuous exercise. Method: Seven databases consisting of PubMed, Embase, EBSCO, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang were searched up to December 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were eligible and the outcomes of muscle soreness, performance (including muscle maximal isometric force (MIF) and peak torque) and creatine kinase (CK) were used to assess the effectiveness of massage intervention on DOMS...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019089/exercise-and-the-cortisol-awakening-response-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Travis Anderson, Laurie Wideman
BACKGROUND: The cortisol awakening response (CAR) has been used as a biomarker of stress response in a multitude of psychological investigations. While a myriad of biochemical responses have been proposed to monitor responses to exercise training, the use of CAR within the exercise and sports sciences is currently limited and is a potentially underutilized variable. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to collate studies that incorporate both exercise and CAR, in an effort to better understand (a) whether CAR is a useful marker for monitoring exercise stress and (b) how CAR may be most appropriately used in future research...
October 10, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018359/that-escalated-quickly-planning-to-ignore-rpe-can-backfire
#14
Maik Bieleke, Wanja Wolff
Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) are routinely assessed in exercise science and RPE is substantially associated with physiological criterion measures. According to the psychobiological model of endurance, RPE is a central limiting factor in performance. While RPE is known to be affected by psychological manipulations, it remains to be examined whether RPE can be self-regulated during static muscular endurance exercises to enhance performance. In this experiment, we investigate the effectiveness of the widely used and recommended self-regulation strategy of if-then planning (i...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990665/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-for-fibromyalgia-in-adults
#15
REVIEW
Mark I Johnson, Leica S Claydon, G Peter Herbison, Gareth Jones, Carole A Paley
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is characterised by persistent, widespread pain; sleep problems; and fatigue. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is the delivery of pulsed electrical currents across the intact surface of the skin to stimulate peripheral nerves and is used extensively to manage painful conditions. TENS is inexpensive, safe, and can be self-administered. TENS reduces pain during movement in some people so it may be a useful adjunct to assist participation in exercise and activities of daily living...
October 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983834/correction-to-prevention-by-regular-exercise-of-acute-sleep-deprivation-induced-impairment-of-late-phase-ltp-and-related-signaling-molecules-in-the-dentate-gyrus
#16
Munder A Zagaar, An T Dao, Ibrahim A Alhaider, Karim A Alkadhi
The original version of this article unfortunately does not include the second affiliating institution of Dr. Munder A. Zagaar. "Department of Pharmacy Pracce and Clinical Health Sciences, Texas Southern University, Houston, TX 77004" should have been included on the paper.
October 5, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983833/correction-to-moderate-treadmill-exercise-protects-synaptic-plasticity-of-the-dentate-gyrus-and-related-signaling-cascade-in-a-rat-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
An T Dao, Munder A Zagaar, Karim A Alkadhi
The original version of this article unfortunately does not include the second affiliating institution of Dr. Munder A. Zagaar. "Department of Pharmacy Pracce and Clinical Health Sciences, Texas Southern University, Houston, TX 77004" should have been included on the paper.
October 5, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983832/correction-to-comparison-of-the-effect-of-exercise-on-late-phase-ltp-of-the-dentate-gyrus-and-ca1-of-alzheimer-s-disease-model
#18
An T Dao, Munder A Zagaar, Amber T Levine, Karim A Alkadhi
The original version of this article unfortunately does not include the second affiliating institution of Dr. Munder A. Zagaar. "Department of Pharmacy Pracce and Clinical Health Sciences, Texas Southern University, Houston, TX 77004" should have been included on the paper.
October 5, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983663/the-role-of-land-and-aquatic-exercise-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Ana Zão, Pedro Cantista
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic and inflammatory rheumatic disease, characterized by pain and structural and functional impairments, such as reduced mobility and axial deformity, which lead to diminished quality of life. Its treatment includes not only drugs, but also nonpharmacological therapy. Exercise appears to be a promising modality. The aim of this study is to review the current evidence and evaluate the role of exercise either on land or in water for the management of patients with AS in the biological era...
October 5, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979857/osteoarthritis-action-alliance-consensus-opinion-best-practice-features-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-lower-limb-injury-prevention-programs
#20
Thomas Trojian, Jeffrey Driban, Rathna Nuti, Lindsay Distefano, Hayley Root, Cristina Nistler, Cynthia LaBella
AIM: To identify best practice features of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and lower limb injury prevention programs (IPPs) to reduce osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: This consensus statement started with us performing a systematic literature search for all relevant articles from 1960 through January 2017 in PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL. The search strategy combined the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) and keywords for terms: (1) ACL OR "knee injury" OR "anterior cruciate ligament"; (2) "prevention and control" OR "risk reduction" OR "injury prevention" OR "neuromuscular training"; and (3) meta-analysis OR "systematic review" OR "cohort study" OR randomized...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
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