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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087997/experience-in-action-moderating-care-in-web-based-patient-feedback
#1
Malte Ziewitz
What does it take to mobilise experiences of care and make them useful for improving services? This article draws on ethnographic fieldwork with a UK-based patient feedback website to develop a critical perspective on patient experience as a contingent accomplishment and a focal point for eliciting, provoking, and respecifying relations of accountability. Following a single posting from the moderation room back to the author and into the wards and offices of the hospital, I show how moderators, carers, and clinical staff respond to and act upon a seemingly stable experience...
December 21, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087568/effect-of-specific-exercise-based-football-injury-prevention-programmes-on-the-overall-injury-rate-in-football-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-fifa-11-and-11-programmes
#2
Kristian Thorborg, Kasper Kühn Krommes, Ernest Esteve, Mikkel Bek Clausen, Else Marie Bartels, Michael Skovdal Rathleff
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of FIFA injury prevention programmes in football (FIFA 11 and FIFA 11+). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials comparing the FIFA injury prevention programmes with a control (no or sham intervention) among football players. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE via PubMed, EMBASE via OVID, CINAHL via Ebsco, Web of Science, SportDiscus and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, from 2004 to 14 March 2016...
January 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080254/wellness-and-multiple-sclerosis-the-national-ms-society-establishes-a-wellness-research-working-group-and-research-priorities
#3
Robert W Motl, Ellen M Mowry, Dawn M Ehde, Nicholas G LaRocca, Kathy E Smith, Kathleen Costello, Lynne Shinto, Alexander V Ng, Amy B Sullivan, Barbara Giesser, Kevin K McCully, Bo Fernhall, Malachy Bishop, Matthew Plow, Patrizia Casaccia, Nancy D Chiaravalloti
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) have identified "wellness" and associated behaviors as a high priority based on "social media listening" undertaken by the National MS Society (i.e. the Society). OBJECTIVE: The Society recently convened a group that consisted of researchers with experience in MS and wellness-related research, Society staff members, and an individual with MS for developing recommendations regarding a wellness research agenda. METHOD: The members of the group engaged in focal reviews and discussions involving the state of science within three approaches for promoting wellness in MS, namely diet, exercise, and emotional wellness...
January 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059694/visualization-approaches-to-support-healthy-aging-a-systematic-review
#4
Uba Backonja, Nai-Ching Chi, Yong Choi, Amanda K Hall, Thai Le, Youjeong Kang, George Demiris
BACKGROUND: Health technologies have the potential to support the growing number of older adults who are aging in place. Many tools include visualizations (data visualizations, visualizations of physical representations). However, the role of visualizations in supporting aging in place remains largely unexplored. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and identify gaps in the literature evaluating visualizations (data visualizations and visualizations of physical representations), for informatics tools to support healthy aging...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058230/outcomes-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-exercise-interventions-in-solid-organ-transplant
#5
Tania Janaudis-Ferreira, Sunita Mathur, Stacey Konidis, Catherine M Tansey, Cecile Beaurepaire
AIM: To identify the outcome measures that have been used in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise training in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients and to link these outcomes to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: Electronic literature searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane, Scopus, and Web of Science were performed. We sought RCTs that investigated the effect of exercise training in SOT recipients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054257/consensus-on-measurement-properties-and-feasibility-of-performance-tests-for-the-exercise-and-sport-sciences-a-delphi-study
#6
Sam Robertson, Peter Kremer, Brad Aisbett, Jacqueline Tran, Ester Cerin
BACKGROUND: Performance tests are used for multiple purposes in exercise and sport science. Ensuring that a test displays an appropriate level of measurement properties for use within a population is important to ensure confidence in test findings. The aim of this study was to obtain subject matter expert consensus on the measurement and feasibility properties that should be considered for performance tests used in the exercise and sport sciences and how these should be defined. This information was used to develop a checklist for broader dissemination...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053921/what-are-the-links-of-prostate-cancer-with-physical-activity-and-nutrition-a-systematic-review-article
#7
REVIEW
Joanna Kruk, Hassan Aboul-Enein
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common malignancy in men worldwide. The purpose of this study was to provide a brief synthesis the current knowledge for the effects of physical activity (PA) and nutrition on PCa risk. METHODS: A systematic review of English languages reviews, meta-analysis, and original articles published from 2009 to 2015 extracted from the following websites: MEDLINE, Web of Science, Health Source, Science Direct, and their references...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051263/psychological-factors-associated-with-nafld-nash-a-systematic-review
#8
B Macavei, A Baban, D L Dumitrascu
OBJECTIVE: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents one of the most common chronic liver diseases worldwide. So far, the pathogenesis of NAFLD and its more severe variant nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is yet unclear, with many mechanisms being proposed as possible causes. This article aims to review the psychological factors associated with NAFLD/NASH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three main categories of factors have been investigated: emotional, cognitive and behavioral...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050919/resistance-training-effects-on-metabolic-function-among-youth-a-systematic-review
#9
Jennifer W Bea, Robert M Blew, Carol Howe, Megan Hetherington-Rauth, Scott B Going
PURPOSE: This systematic review evaluates the relationship between resistance training and metabolic function in youth. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CINAHL, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for articles that: (1) studied children; (2) included resistance training; (3) were randomized interventions; and (4) reported markers of metabolic function. The selected studies were analyzed using the Cochrane Risk-of-Bias Tool. RESULTS: Thirteen articles met inclusion criteria...
January 4, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047526/th-ef-brc-00-tg-100-workshop
#10
Peter Dunscombe
: This Hands-on Workshop will be focused on providing participants with experience with the principal tools of TG 100 and hence start to build both competence and confidence in the use of risk-based quality management techniques. The three principal tools forming the basis of TG 100's risk analysis: Process mapping, Failure-Modes and Effects Analysis and fault-tree analysis will be introduced with a 5 minute refresher presentation and each presentation will be followed by a 30 minute small group exercise...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047023/th-ef-brc-03-fault-tree-analysis
#11
B Thomadsen
: This Hands-on Workshop will be focused on providing participants with experience with the principal tools of TG 100 and hence start to build both competence and confidence in the use of risk-based quality management techniques. The three principal tools forming the basis of TG 100's risk analysis: Process mapping, Failure-Modes and Effects Analysis and fault-tree analysis will be introduced with a 5 minute refresher presentation and each presentation will be followed by a 30 minute small group exercise...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046870/th-ef-brc-01-process-mapping
#12
P Dunscombe
: This Hands-on Workshop will be focused on providing participants with experience with the principal tools of TG 100 and hence start to build both competence and confidence in the use of risk-based quality management techniques. The three principal tools forming the basis of TG 100's risk analysis: Process mapping, Failure-Modes and Effects Analysis and fault-tree analysis will be introduced with a 5 minute refresher presentation and each presentation will be followed by a 30 minute small group exercise...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046366/th-ef-brc-04-quality-management-program
#13
E Yorke
: This Hands-on Workshop will be focused on providing participants with experience with the principal tools of TG 100 and hence start to build both competence and confidence in the use of risk-based quality management techniques. The three principal tools forming the basis of TG 100's risk analysis: Process mapping, Failure-Modes and Effects Analysis and fault-tree analysis will be introduced with a 5 minute refresher presentation and each presentation will be followed by a 30 minute small group exercise...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046210/th-ef-brc-02-fmea
#14
M Huq
: This Hands-on Workshop will be focused on providing participants with experience with the principal tools of TG 100 and hence start to build both competence and confidence in the use of risk-based quality management techniques. The three principal tools forming the basis of TG 100's risk analysis: Process mapping, Failure-Modes and Effects Analysis and fault-tree analysis will be introduced with a 5 minute refresher presentation and each presentation will be followed by a 30 minute small group exercise...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032459/effects-of-weekly-supervised-exercise-or-physical-activity-counseling-on-fasting-blood-glucose-in-women-diagnosed-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#15
Roberta Bgeginski, Paula A B Ribeiro, Michelle F Mottola, José Geraldo L Ramos
BACKGROUND: Exercise is an important part of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) lifestyle management. However, there is no meta-analysis analyzing the effects of exercise programs on fasting blood glucose (FBG) in women with GDM. A systematic review with meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the effect of weekly-supervised exercise (EXE group) or physical activity counseling (PA group) in women with GDM compared to usual prenatal (UPN group) on glycemic control. METHODS: Eligible trials were identified from MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus and SportDiscus up to 11 December 2016...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031068/what-defines-mindfulness-based-programs-the-warp-and-the-weft
#16
R S Crane, J Brewer, C Feldman, J Kabat-Zinn, S Santorelli, J M G Williams, W Kuyken
There has been an explosion of interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) such as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy. This is demonstrated in increased research, implementation of MBPs in healthcare, educational, criminal justice and workplace settings, and in mainstream interest. For the sustainable development of the field there is a need to articulate a definition of what an MBP is and what it is not. This paper provides a framework to define the essential characteristics of the family of MBPs originating from the parent program MBSR, and the processes which inform adaptations of MBPs for different populations or contexts...
December 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029178/exercise-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Elena Rita Magro-Malosso, Gabriele Saccone, Daniele Di Mascio, Mariarosaria Di Tommaso, Vincenzo Berghella
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of overweight and obesity in pregnancy has risen significantly in the last decades. Overweight and obesity have been shown to increase the risk for some adverse obstetric outcome. Lifestyle interventions, such as diet, physical activity and behavior changes, may reduce these risks promoting weight loss and/or preventing excessive weight gain. The possible impact of exercise on the risk of preterm birth (PTB) in overweight or obese women is controversial. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of exercise on the risk of PTB in overweight or obese pregnant women...
December 28, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010810/conventional-and-novel-body-temperature-measurement-during-rest-and-exercise-induced-hyperthermia
#18
Colin Towey, Chris Easton, Robert Simpson, Charles Pedlar
Despite technological advances in thermal sensory equipment, few core temperature (TCORE) measurement techniques have met the established validity criteria in exercise science. Additionally, there is debate as to what method serves as the most practically viable, yet upholds the proposed measurement accuracy. This study assessed the accuracy of current and novel TCORE measurement techniques in comparison to rectal temperature (TREC) as a reference standard. Fifteen well-trained subjects (11 male, 4 female) completed 60min of exercise at an intensity equating to the lactate threshold; measured via a discontinuous exercise test...
January 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007790/the-effect-of-expressive-writing-intervention-for-infertile-couples-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Yoon Frederiksen, Mia Skytte O'Toole, Mimi Y Mehlsen, Benedicte Hauge, Helle Olesen Elbaek, Robert Zachariae, Hans Jakob Ingerslev
STUDY QUESTION: Is expressive writing intervention (EWI) efficacious in reducing distress and improving pregnancy rates for couples going through ART treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: Compared to controls, EWI statistically significantly reduced depressive symptoms but not anxiety and infertility-related distress. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: ART treatment is considered stressful. So far, various psychological interventions have been tested for their potential in reducing infertility-related distress and the results are generally positive...
December 21, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006435/linking-skeletal-muscle-blood-flow-and-metabolism-to-the-limits-of-human-performance
#20
Robert Boushel
Over the last 50 years, Bengt Saltin's contributions to our understanding of physiology of the circulation, the matching of the circulation to muscle metabolism, and the underlying mechanisms that set the limits for exercise performance were enormous. His research addressed the key questions in the field using sophisticated experimental methods including field expeditions. From the Dallas Bedrest Study to the 1-leg knee model to the physiology of lifelong training, his prodigious body of work was foundational in the field of exercise physiology and his leadership propelled integrative human physiology into the mainstream of biological sciences...
January 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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