keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Exercise Sciences

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208882/pbl-trigger-design-by-medical-students-an-effective-active-learning-strategy-outside-the-classroom
#1
Maya Roche, Indira Kakkunje Adiga, Akshatha G Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Problem Based Learning (PBL) is known world over as an effective, active learning strategy with many benefits for the student. Usually, in medical schools, PBL triggers are designed by a well-trained group of faculty from basic and clinical sciences. The challenge was whether this task could be given to students in the first year of their curriculum and be executed by them effectively. AIM: To enhance active learning, comprehension and critical thinking with a view to promote horizontal and vertical integration between subjects...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204994/prevalence-of-aromatase-inhibitor-induced-arthralgia-in-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
David Beckwée, Laurence Leysen, Kaipo Meuwis, Nele Adriaenssens
BACKGROUND: Although aromatase inhibitors have proven to be an effective treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women, aromatase inhibitor-induced arthralgia (AIA) is an adverse event associated with low compliance with treatment. The aim of this literature study is to assess the prevalence of AIA and to provide an overview of significant predictors for the development of AIA. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science...
February 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194720/effects-of-repeated-sprint-training-in-hypoxia-on-sea-level-performance-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Franck Brocherie, Olivier Girard, Raphaël Faiss, Grégoire P Millet
BACKGROUND: Repeated-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) is a recent intervention regarding which numerous studies have reported effects on sea-level physical performance outcomes that are debated. No previous study has performed a meta-analysis of the effects of RSH. OBJECTIVE: We systematically reviewed the literature and meta-analyzed the effects of RSH versus repeated-sprint training in normoxia (RSN) on key components of sea-level physical performance, i.e., best and mean (all sprint) performance during repeated-sprint exercise and aerobic capacity (i...
February 13, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193598/barriers-to-remote-health-interventions-for-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-proposed-classification-scheme
#4
Michelle M Alvarado, Hye-Chung Kum, Karla Gonzalez Coronado, Margaret J Foster, Pearl Ortega, Mark A Lawley
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management involves adherence to healthy daily habits typically involving blood glucose monitoring, medication, exercise, and diet. To support self-management, some providers have begun testing remote interventions for monitoring and assisting patients between clinic visits. Although some studies have shown success, there are barriers to widespread adoption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to identify and classify barriers to adoption of remote health for management of type 2 diabetes...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187924/measuring-the-dysphonia-severity-index-dsi-in-the-program-praat
#5
Youri Maryn, Dominique Morsomme, Marc De Bodt
BACKGROUND: The original Dysphonia Severity Index (ie, DSI) weighs and combines four voice markers in a single number to size dysphonia gradation in the clinic: percent jitter (from Multi-Dimensional Voice Program; KayPENTAX Corp., Montvale, NJ), softest intensity and highest fundamental frequency (both from Voice Range Profile; KayPENTAX Corp.), and maximum phonation time. To be more generally applied, however, implementation of DSI in the program Praat (Paul Boersma and David Weenink, Institute for Phonetic Sciences, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands) would be advantageous for all voice clinicians...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185806/the-effect-of-acute-and-chronic-exercise-on-cognitive-function-and-academic-performance-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Joanna W Li, Helen O'Connor, Nicholas O'Dwyer, Rhonda Orr
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether exercise, proposed to enhance neuroplasticity and potentially cognitive function (CF) and academic performance (AP), may be beneficial during adolescence when important developmental changes occur. DESIGN: Systematic review evaluating the impact of acute or chronic exercise on CF and AP in adolescents (13-18 years). METHODS: Nine databases (AMED, AusportMed, CINAHL, COCHRANE, Embase, Medline, Scopus, SPORTdiscus, Web of Science) were searched from earliest records to 31st October 2016, using keywords related to exercise, CF, AP and adolescents...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181684/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-atrial-fibrillation
#7
REVIEW
Signe S Risom, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Pernille P Johansen, Kirstine L Sibilitz, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud, Rod S Taylor, Jesper H Svendsen, Selina K Berg
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation may benefit adults with atrial fibrillation or those who had been treated for atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is caused by multiple micro re-entry circuits within the atrial tissue, which result in chaotic rapid activity in the atria. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of exercise-based rehabilitation programmes, alone or with another intervention, compared with no-exercise training controls in adults who currently have AF, or have been treated for AF...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170449/a-systematic-review-of-surface-electromyography-analyses-of-the-bench-press-movement-task
#8
Petr Stastny, Artur Gołaś, Dusan Blazek, Adam Maszczyk, Michał Wilk, Przemysław Pietraszewski, Miroslav Petr, Petr Uhlir, Adam Zając
BACKGROUND: The bench press exercise (BP) plays an important role in recreational and professional training, in which muscle activity is an important multifactorial phenomenon. The objective of this paper is to systematically review electromyography (EMG) studies performed on the barbell BP exercise to answer the following research questions: Which muscles show the greatest activity during the flat BP? Which changes in muscle activity are related to specific conditions under which the BP movement is performed? STRATEGY: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library were searched through June 10, 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168940/technoscience-imagined-publics-and-public-imaginations
#9
Kjetil Rommetveit, Brian Wynne
This essay begins from the intensified entanglements of technoscientific innovation with miscellaneous societal and public fields of interest and action over recent years. This has been accompanied by an apparent decline in the work of purification of discourses of natural and human agency, which Latour observed in 1993. Replacing such previous discursive purifications, we increasingly find technoscientific visions of the imagined-possible as key providers of public meanings and policies. This poses the question of what forms of legitimation are constituted by these sciences, including the ways in which they enter into articulations of public matters...
February 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146675/on-the-nature-of-vigilance
#10
Peter A Hancock
OBJECTIVE: I explore the origins, theoretical underpinnings, applications, and importance of vigilance in a world ever more dominated by semiautomated, automated, and autonomous machines. BACKGROUND: The empirical genesis of vigilance is taken as a case study in the etiology of the application of the behavioral sciences to the human culture of technology. The subsequent taxonomic ordering and theoretical clarification of its causal antecedents are set in the overall context of contemporary human-machine systems research...
February 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143819/performing-international-outreach-phun-week-in-an-australian-primary-school
#11
Patricia A Halpin
Physiology Understanding (PhUn) Week is an annual science outreach program sponsored by the American Physiological Society in which K-12 students learn about physiology through meeting a physiologist and performing an experiment. Performing PhUn Week at an Australian private primary school during a family vacation in 2014 enabled me to receive a fellowship to return the following year for further implementation. To set up the outreach, I contacted the assistant principal of a public primary school, and she connected me with the physical education (PE) teacher...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139679/mismatch-negativity-is-a-sensitive-and-predictive-biomarker-of-perceptual-learning-during-auditory-cognitive-training-in-schizophrenia
#12
Veronica B Perez, Melissa Tarasenko, Makoto Miyakoshi, Sean T Pianka, Scott D Makeig, David L Braff, Neal R Swerdlow, Gregory A Light
Computerized cognitive training is gaining empirical support for use in the treatment of schizophrenia (SZ). While cognitive training is efficacious for SZ at a group level when delivered in sufficiently intensive doses (eg, 30-50 h), there is variability in individual patient response. The identification of biomarkers sensitive to the neural systems engaged by cognitive training interventions early in the course of treatment could facilitate personalized assignment to treatment. This proof-of-concept study was conducted to determine whether mismatch negativity (MMN), an event-related potential index of auditory sensory discrimination associated with cognitive and psychosocial functioning, would predict gains in auditory perceptual learning and exhibit malleability after initial exposure to the early stages of auditory cognitive training in SZ...
January 31, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138568/cancer-prevention-lessons-learned-and-future-directions
#13
Barbara K Dunn, Barnett S Kramer
In this review, we address selected areas that are central to the state-of-the-art of cancer prevention science. The emphasis on prevention as a viable and critical approach to decreasing cancer mortality has gained traction in recent years, evidenced by its inclusion in the US Vice President's Cancer Initiative (also termed 'Moonshot'). Cancer prevention occurs by arresting, slowing down, or reversing the carcinogenic process before invasion into surrounding tissue or by avoiding or blocking causative exposure...
December 2016: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134445/interventions-for-prevention-of-bullying-in-the-workplace
#14
REVIEW
Patricia A Gillen, Marlene Sinclair, W George Kernohan, Cecily M Begley, Ans G Luyben
BACKGROUND: Bullying has been identified as one of the leading workplace stressors, with adverse consequences for the individual employee, groups of employees, and whole organisations. Employees who have been bullied have lower levels of job satisfaction, higher levels of anxiety and depression, and are more likely to leave their place of work. Organisations face increased risk of skill depletion and absenteeism, leading to loss of profit, potential legal fees, and tribunal cases. It is unclear to what extent these risks can be addressed through interventions to prevent bullying...
January 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125022/pediatric-exercise-testing-value-and-implications-of-peak-oxygen-uptake
#15
REVIEW
Paolo T Pianosi, Robert I Liem, Robert G McMurray, Frank J Cerny, Bareket Falk, Han C G Kemper
Peak oxygen uptake (peak V ˙ O 2 ) measured by clinical exercise testing is the benchmark for aerobic fitness. Aerobic fitness, estimated from maximal treadmill exercise, is a predictor of mortality in adults. Peak V ˙ O 2 was shown to predict longevity in patients aged 7-35 years with cystic fibrosis over 25 years ago. A surge of exercise studies in young adults with congenital heart disease over the past decade has revealed significant prognostic information. Three years ago, the first clinical trial in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension used peak V ˙ O 2 as an endpoint that likewise delivered clinically relevant data...
January 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121996/the-effects-of-traditional-chinese-exercise-in-treating-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Yingjie Zhang, Lulu Huang, Youxin Su, Zhengxuan Zhan, Yanan Li, Xingquan Lai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Traditional Chinese exercise (TCE) includes a variety of exercise, which is being accepted by more and more people in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA) from different countries. With the attendant, many clinical reports focus on it. Our meta-analysis aimed to systematically assess the effects of traditional Chinese exercise on pain, stiffness, physical function, quality of life, mental health and adverse events in people with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the Web of Science, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) were searched from the time of their inception through April 2016 and risk of bias was independently assessed by two authors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119870/promotion-of-the-journal-of-exercise-rehabilitation-to-the-international-level-based-on-journal-metrics
#17
Sun Huh
The aim of this study was to use journal metrics to confirm that the Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation has been promoted to the international level after changing its language to English-only in April 2013. Journal metrics, including the number of articles per year, countries of authors, countries of the editorial board members, impact factor, total citations, and the Hirsch index, were counted or calculated based on the journal homepage and the Web of Science Core Collection in December 2016. The number of citable articles was 52, 62, 59, and 74 in 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016, respectively...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119869/leading-finale-in-the-field-of-exercise-science
#18
EDITORIAL
Haemi Jee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116136/looking-to-a-future-of-improved-diabetes-management-interview-with-professor-steve-bain
#19
Steve Bain
Steve Bain talks to Francesca Lake, Managing Editor: Steve is currently a Professor at Swansea University Medical School (Wales), Assistant Medical Director for Research & Development for ABM University Health Board and Clinical Lead for the Diabetes Research Unit, Wales. His clinical training included research into the genetics of Type 1 diabetes, with his current clinical interests surrounding exercise in Type 1 diabetes, new therapies and the provision of diabetes services. His background has led him to be Principal Investigator for several multicenter trials, and to be involved in various ethical committees concerning genetics...
December 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112351/nonpharmacological-strategies-for-patients-with-early-stage-dementia-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-10-year-update
#20
Joel G Anderson, Ruth Palan Lopez, Karen M Rose, Janet K Specht
As the incidence and prevalence of early-stage Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment increases worldwide, gerontological researchers continue to examine the efficacy and effectiveness of strategies to help patients and caregivers live with the disease. Although pharmacological treatments remain the focus of much of the research, nonpharmacological strategies and approaches to care continue to gain ground as effective means of improving the health-related quality of life for this patient population...
January 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
keyword
keyword
46231
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"