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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238493/correlation-of-gerkin-queen-s-college-george-and-jackson-methods-in-estimating-maximal-oxygen-consumption
#1
Payam Heydari, Sakineh Varmazyar, Ali Safari Variani, Fariba Hashemi, Seyed Sajad Ataei
Background and aim: Test of maximal oxygen consumption is the gold standard for measuring cardio-pulmonary fitness. This study aimed to determine correlation of Gerkin, Queen's College, George, and Jackson methods in estimating maximal oxygen consumption, and demographic factors affecting maximal oxygen consumption. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in a census of medical emergency students (n=57) in Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in 2016...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238122/right-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-heart-failure-in-a-cardiac-clinic-in-southwest-nigeria
#2
Adeseye A Akintunde
Background: Right ventricular (RV) function is an important entity in heart failure. Patients with RV dysfunction (RVD) have poorer prognosis and exercise tolerance than those with preserved RV systolic function. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) has been proposed as a simple and reproducible parameter for the qualitative assessment of RV systolic function/ejection fraction (EF). This study aims at describing RV function/RVD among heart failure patients in a specialized cardiac facility in Southwestern Nigeria...
January 2017: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237578/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-therapy-on-scapular-position-and-motion-in-individuals-with-scapular-dyskinesis-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Afsun Nodehi Moghadam, Kianoush Abdi, Mohsen Shati, Shohreh Noorizadeh Dehkordi, Abbas Ali Keshtkar, Zahra Mosallanezhad
BACKGROUND: Scapular dyskinesis is an alteration in normal scapular position and motion. Some researchers believe that altered kinematics of the scapula subsequent to dysfunction or weakness of scapular stabilizing muscles contributes to impingement syndrome. Scapular muscle exercises are included in the rehabilitation of patients with subacromial impingement syndrome and scapular dyskinesis because the muscular system is one of the major contributors of scapular positioning both at rest and during shoulder movement, but there is considerable uncertainty relating to the relative effectiveness of such approaches on changing scapular position and motion...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236359/the-relationship-between-student-engagement-with-online-content-and-achievement-in-a-blended-learning-anatomy-course
#4
Rodney A Green, Laura Y Whitburn, Anita Zacharias, Graeme Byrne, Diane L Hughes
Blended learning has become increasingly common in higher education. Recent findings suggest that blended learning achieves better student outcomes than traditional face-to-face teaching in gross anatomy courses. While face-to-face content is perceived as important to learning there is less evidence for the significance of online content in improving student outcomes. Students enrolled in a second-year anatomy course from the physiotherapy (PT), exercise physiology (EP), and exercise science (ES) programs across two campuses were included (n = 500)...
December 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233666/emg-amplitude-fatigue-threshold-and-time-to-task-failure-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
J Matt McCrary, Bronwen J Ackermann, Mark Halaki
OBJECTIVES: Electromyographic (EMG) fatigue threshold (EMGFT) is utilised as a correlate of critical power, torque, and force thresholds that establishes a theoretical exercise intensity-the power, torque, or force at which the rate of change of EMG amplitude (ΔEM¯G) is zero-below which neuromuscular fatigue is negligible and unpredictable. Recent studies demonstrating neuromuscular fatigue below critical thresholds raise questions about the construct validity of EMGFT. The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the construct validity of EMGFT by aggregating ΔEM¯G and time to task failure (Tlim) data...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233378/a-team-based-interprofessional-education-course-for-first-year-health-professions-students
#6
Michael J Peeters, Martha Sexton, Alexia E Metz, Carol S Hasbrouck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Interprofessional education (IPE) is required within pharmacy education, and should include classroom-based education along with experiential interprofessional collaboration. For classroom-based education, small-group learning environments may create a better platform for engaging students in the essential domain of interprofessional collaboration towards meaningful learning within IPE sub-domains (interprofessional communication, teams and teamwork, roles and responsibilities, and values and ethics)...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231044/a-systematic-review-of-exercise-and-psychosocial-rehabilitation-interventions-to-improve-health-related-outcomes-in-patients-with-bladder-cancer-undergoing-radical-cystectomy
#7
Elke Rammant, Karel Decaestecker, Renée Bultijnck, Nora Sundahl, Piet Ost, Nele S Pauwels, Benedicte Deforche, Ronny Pieters, Valérie Fonteyne
OBJECTIVE: Summarizing the evidence on the effects of pre- and postoperative exercise and psychosocial rehabilitation interventions on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and physical fitness in bladder cancer patients undergoing radical cystectomy. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database were searched independently by two authors from inception until 10 November 2017...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227709/a-review-study-on-the-beneficial-effects-of-baduanjin
#8
Liye Zou, Zhujun Pan, Albert Yeung, Saira Talwar, Chaoyi Wang, Yang Liu, Yankai Shu, Xiaoan Chen, Garrett Anthony Thomas
AIM: Baduanjin, a Chinese traditional Qigong exercise that focuses on a mind-body integration, is considered to be an effective exercise in promoting health. Thus, we systematically and critically evaluated the emerging literature relating to the effects of Baduanjin on health outcomes. METHODS: We used seven English-language electronic databases for the literature search. At least one health-related parameter was reported in retrievable full-text Baduanjin intervention studies...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225935/gendered-negotiations-for-research-participation-in-community-based-studies-implications-for-health-research-policy-and-practice
#9
Dorcas M Kamuya, Catherine S Molyneux, Sally Theobald
There is a growing literature documenting the complex realities of consent processes in the field, and the negotiations and ethical dilemmas involved. Much has also been written about how gender and power shape household decision-making processes. However, these bodies of literature have rarely been brought together to inform research theory and practice in low-income settings. In this paper, qualitative research (observation, focus group discussions and interviews) were used alongside large clinical community-based studies conducted on the Kenyan Coast to explore how gender and power relations within households and communities and between fieldworkers and communities shape consent processes and interactions...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224034/noninvasive-body-contouring
#10
Nicole Y Lee, Deanne Mraz Robinson
In a society where stigma surrounds cosmetic procedures and yet a thin and sculpted physique is idealized, noninvasive body contouring satisfies the demand to reduce excess and undesired body fat in areas that persist despite exercise and diet. Numerous devices are available to meet this need; however, choosing the "perfect" device is challenging because the science and data are often limited with variable results. In this paper, we review 7 US Food and Drug Administration-approved noninvasive body contouring therapies in hopes of providing some clarity to this area...
December 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223408/clinical-outcomes-to-exercise-training-in-type-1-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
D Jewiss, C Ostman, N King, N A Smart
AIMS: To establish the relationship between exercise training and clinical outcomes in people with type I diabetes. METHODS: Studies were identified through a MEDLINE search strategy, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus and Science Citation Index. The search strategy included a mix of key concepts related to exercise training; type 1 diabetes; glycaemic control for trials of exercise training in people with type 1 diabetes. Searches were limited to prospective randomized or controlled trials of exercise training in humans with type 1 diabetes lasting 12 weeks or more...
December 6, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218889/best-practices-and-lessons-learned-from-reuse-of-4-patient-derived-metabolomics-datasets-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Jessica D Tenenbaum, Colette Blach
The importance of open data has been increasingly recognized in recent years. Although the sharing and reuse of clinical data for translational research lags behind best practices in biological science, a number of patient-derived datasets exist and have been published enabling translational research spanning multiple scales from molecular to organ level, and from patients to populations. In seeking to replicate metabolomic biomarker results in Alzheimer's disease our team identified three independent cohorts in which to compare findings...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214130/measuring-adherence-to-a-nutrition-and-exercise-lifestyle-intervention-is-program-adherence-related-to-excessive-gestational-weight-gain
#13
Taniya S Nagpal, Harry Prapavessis, Christina Campbell, Michelle F Mottola
To identify adherence required to achieve target health outcome(s) in nutrition and/or exercise interventions, a measurement tool that tracks objective and self-reported measures of adherence is necessary. The purpose of this study was to design an adherence measurement tool and test it retrospectively on the Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP; Ruchat et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(8), 1419-1426, 2012; Mottola et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(2), 265-272, 2010), designed to prevent excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG)...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210001/high-intensity-exercise-interventions-in-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-exploring-the-impact-on-health-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
Kellie Toohey, Kate Pumpa, Andrew McKune, Julie Cooke, Stuart Semple
PURPOSE: There is an increasing body of evidence underpinning high-intensity exercise as an effective and time-efficient intervention for improving health in cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to, (1) evaluate the efficacy and (2) the safety of high-intensity exercise interventions in improving selected health outcomes in cancer survivors. METHODS: Design Systematic review. Data sources Google Scholar and EBSCO, CINAHL Plus, Computers and Applied Sciences Complete, Health Source-Consumer Edition, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, MEDLINE, Web of Science and SPORTDiscuss from inception up until August 2017...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206784/effect-of-beta-blocker-treatment-on-vo2peak-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#15
David Montero, Andreas J Flammer
PURPOSE: In addition to prolong life and reduce hospitalization rates, it is currently unclear whether beta-blocker (BB) treatment modulates peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak), a hallmark of exercise capacity, in patients with heart failure (HF). The main aim of this study is to determine the effect of BB treatment on VO2peak in HF patients. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE, Scopus and Web of Science since their inceptions until March 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of BB treatment on VO2peak in chronic HF patients...
December 2, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204968/advantages-to-using-social-behavioral-models-of-medication-adherence-in-research-and-practice
#16
K Rivet Amico, M Mugavero, Marie A Krousel-Wood, Hayden B Bosworth, Jessica S Merlin
Achieving and sustaining high levels of adherence to medication regimens is essential to improving health outcomes, but continues to be a challenge for a sizable proportion of patients. Decades of research suggests that medication adherence is determined by a complex constellation of factors. Social-behavioral science research has focused on creating frameworks that identify which contextual, personal, social, or drug-related factors appear to most influence adherence. Comprehensive models of adherence propose specific structural relationships between these factors that can be used to plan for, implement, and monitor programs that seek to optimize adherence...
December 4, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200538/using-google-scholar-institutional-level-data-to-evaluate-the-quality-of-university-research
#17
John Mingers, Jesse R O'Hanley, Musbaudeen Okunola
In recent years, the extent of formal research evaluation, at all levels from the individual to the multiversity has increased dramatically. At the institutional level, there are world university rankings based on an ad hoc combination of different indicators. There are also national exercises, such as those in the UK and Australia that evaluate research outputs and environment through peer review panels. These are extremely costly and time consuming. This paper evaluates the possibility of using Google Scholar (GS) institutional level data to evaluate university research in a relatively automatic way...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200422/whole-system-approaches-to-improving-the-health-and-wellbeing-of-healthcare-workers-a-systematic-review
#18
Sarah L Brand, Jo Thompson Coon, Lora E Fleming, Lauren Carroll, Alison Bethel, Katrina Wyatt
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals throughout the developed world report higher levels of sickness absence, dissatisfaction, distress, and "burnout" at work than staff in other sectors. There is a growing call for the 'triple aim' of healthcare delivery (improving patient experience and outcomes and reducing costs; to include a fourth aim: improving healthcare staff experience of healthcare delivery. A systematic review commissioned by the United Kingdom's (UK) Department of Health reviewed a large number of international healthy workplace interventions and recommended five whole-system changes to improve healthcare staff health and wellbeing: identification and response to local need, engagement of staff at all levels, and the involvement, visible leadership from, and up-skilling of, management and board-level staff...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198853/effects-of-exercise-on-cancer-patients-suffering-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-undergoing-treatment-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Federica Duregon, Barbara Vendramin, Valentina Bullo, Stefano Gobbo, Cugusi Lucia, Andrea Di Blasio, Daniel Neunhaeuserer, Marco Zaccaria, Marco Bergamin, Andrea Ermolao
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is the most common neurological and clinically relevant side effect of many commonly used chemotherapeutic agents. Moreover, little effort has been done to investigate the potentially beneficial effects of specific exercises to counteract the CIPN symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This document aims to summarize and analyze systematically the current body of evidence about the effects of specific exercise protocols on CIPN symptoms, balance control, physical function and quality of life in patients with CIPN...
November 7, 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189436/offering-econsult-to-family-physicians-with-patients-on-a-pain-clinic-wait-list-an-outreach-exercise
#20
Patricia A Poulin, Heather C Romanow, Jeannette Cheng, Clare Liddy, Erin J Keely, Catherine E Smyth
Wait times for many chronic pain programs in Canada range from 6 months to 2 years. This project sought to determine the interest of primary care providers (PCPs) in using an electronic consult system for patient(s) waiting for a pain consultation. This cross-sectional study was conducted at the pain clinic of a Canadian tertiary academic health sciences center. Participants were PCPs who had submitted a referral to this clinic. Referrals received between April 1, 2012, and March 31, 2014, were reviewed to determine their appropriateness for eConsult, and a letter providing information about eConsult and encouraging its use was sent to the referring PCP...
November 14, 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
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