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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668075/a-comparison-of-debate-and-role-play-in-enhancing-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-of-medical-students-during-problem-based-learning
#1
Rabia Latif, Sadaf Mumtaz, Rafia Mumtaz, Aamir Hussain
Debate and role play for learning critical thinking and communication skills are being increasingly used in various undergraduate medical schools worldwide. We aim to compare students' views about effectiveness of two teaching strategies; debate and role play to exercise critical thinking and communication skills during problem-based learning (PBL). This is a comparative, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study. Our subjects were second year undergraduate female medical students enrolled in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), College of Medicine from September 2014-2016, divided into 10 small PBL groups (10-13 students/group/year)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667159/physical-activity-throughout-the-adult-life-span-and-domain-specific-cognitive-function-in-old-age-a-systematic-review-of-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-data
#2
REVIEW
Tobias Engeroff, Tobias Ingmann, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature suggests that physical activity might alleviate the age-related neurodegeneration and decline of cognitive function. However, most of this evidence is based on data investigating the association of exercise interventions or current physical activity behavior with cognitive function in elderly subjects. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and hypothesize that physical activity during the adult life span is connected with maintained domain-specific cognitive functions during late adulthood defined as age 60+ years...
April 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665262/effects-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-copd-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Marc Beaumont, Patrice Forget, Francis Couturaud, Gregory Reychler
OBJECTIVES: In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), quality of life and exercise capacity are altered in relationship to dyspnea. Benefits of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on quality of life, dyspnea and exercise capacity were demonstrated, but when it is associated to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), its efficacy on dyspnea is not demonstrated. The aim of this systematic review with meta analysis was to verify the effect of IMT using threshold devices in COPD patients on dyspnea, quality of life, exercise capacity and inspiratory muscles strength, and the added effect on dyspnea of IMT associated with PR (versus PR alone)...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663831/the-use-of-periodized-exercise-prescription-in-rehabilitation-a-systematic-scoping-review-of-literature
#4
Blake Yale Boggenpoel, Stephan Nel, Susan Hanekom
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of periodized exercise prescription with patients in the context of rehabilitation. DATA SOURCE: The following databases were searched: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, PEDro, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, SAGE and Google Scholar. Databases were searched from inception to March 2018. RESULTS: The literature search yielded 1772 articles with 1755 being excluded leaving 17 articles in total for the full review...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661532/measurement-of-physical-performance-by-field-tests-in-programs-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Cristiane Travensolo, Karla Goessler, Roberto Poton, Roberta Ramos Pinto, Marcos Doederlein Polito
INTRODUCTION: The literature concerning the effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on field tests results is inconsistent. PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review with meta-analysis on field tests results after programs of CR. METHODS: Studies published in PubMed and Web of Science databases until May 2016 were analyzed. The standard difference in means correct by bias (Hedges' g) was used as effect size (g) to measure que amount of modifications in performance of field tests after CR period...
April 13, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659165/improving-academic-performance-of-sport-and-exercise-science-undergraduate-students-in-gross-anatomy-using-a-near-peer-teaching-program
#6
Ricardo Borges Viana, Mário Hebling Campos, Douglas de Assis Teles Santos, Isabela Cristina Maioni Xavier, Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Marília Santos Andrade, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
Peer and near-peer teaching programs are common in medical undergraduate courses. However, there are no studies that have investigated the effectiveness of a near-peer teaching program on the academic performance of undergraduate students pursuing sport and exercise science coursework. This study was conducted to analyze the effectiveness of such a program for students who participated in a course on the functional anatomy of the locomotor apparatus. A total of 39 student participants were divided into two groups: students in one group voluntarily attended at least one session of a near-peer teaching program, and students in the other group attended no sessions...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659005/state-of-the-science-of-neural-systems-in-late-life-depression-impact-on-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-outcome
#7
Kevin J Manning, David C Steffens
Major depression in older adults, or late-life depression (LLD), is a common and debilitating psychiatric disorder that increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. Although the effects of LLD make it important to achieve a diagnosis and start treatment quickly, individuals with LLD are often inadequately or unsuccessfully treated. The latest treatment developments suggest that interventions targeting executive dysfunction and neuroticism, constructs associated with poor response to antidepressants in older adults, are successful in treating LLD...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656533/a-weed-resistance-management-game-a-teaching-tool
#8
George B Frisvold
BACKGROUND: This article provides instructions and materials to moderate an interactive resistance management game. The game is designed to generate discussion about the challenges and possibilities of coordinating resistance management activities among groups of farmers. The game has been successfully applied in classroom settings, extension workshops, and at professional weed science meetings. Research has found farmers often perceive the success of their own resistance management may be thwarted if their neighbors are not adequately managing resistance as well...
April 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650544/evaluation-and-management-of-right-sided-heart-failure-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#9
REVIEW
Marvin A Konstam, Michael S Kiernan, Daniel Bernstein, Biykem Bozkurt, Miriam Jacob, Navin K Kapur, Robb D Kociol, Eldrin F Lewis, Mandeep R Mehra, Francis D Pagani, Amish N Raval, Carey Ward
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The diverse causes of right-sided heart failure (RHF) include, among others, primary cardiomyopathies with right ventricular (RV) involvement, RV ischemia and infarction, volume loading caused by cardiac lesions associated with congenital heart disease and valvular pathologies, and pressure loading resulting from pulmonic stenosis or pulmonary hypertension from a variety of causes, including left-sided heart disease. Progressive RV dysfunction in these disease states is associated with increased morbidity and mortality...
April 12, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629188/lessons-from-a-broad-view-of-science-a-response-to-dr-robergs-article
#10
Flavio Oliveira Pires
Dr Robergs suggested that the central governor model (CGM) is not a well-worded theory, as it deviated from the tenant of falsification criteria. According to his view of science, exercise researches with the intent to prove rather than disprove the theory contribute little to new knowledge and condemn the theory to the label of pseudoscience. However, exercise scientists should be aware of limitations of the falsification criteria. First, the number of potential falsifiers for a given hypothesis is always infinite so that there is no mean to ensure asymmetric comparison between theories...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626616/benefits-of-hippotherapy-and-horse-riding-simulation-exercise-on-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Camille Hilliere, Daniel Collado-Mateo, Santos Villafaina, Paulo Duque-Fonseca, José A Parraça
OBJECTIVE: To provide an up-to-date research analysis on equine-assisted therapies and horse riding simulation exercise in older adults, and to suggest future directions in clinical practice and research. TYPE: Systematic Review. LITERATURE SURVEY: A comprehensive search of studies was performed in 4 electronic databases (Cochrane, PubMed, PEDro and Web of Science) regarding the effects of equine-assisted therapies and horse riding simulation exercise in older adults...
April 4, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626044/efficacy-of-iron-supplementation-on-fatigue-and-physical-capacity-in-non-anaemic-iron-deficient-adults-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#12
Brett L Houston, Daryl Hurrie, Jeff Graham, Brittany Perija, Emily Rimmer, Rasheda Rabbani, Charles N Bernstein, Alexis F Turgeon, Dean A Fergusson, Donald S Houston, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Ryan Zarychanski
OBJECTIVE: Iron supplementation in iron-deficiency anaemia is standard practice, but the benefits of iron supplementation in iron-deficient non-anaemic (IDNA) individuals remains controversial. Our objective is to identify the effects of iron therapy on fatigue and physical capacity in IDNA adults. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). SETTING: Primary care. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (≥18 years) who were iron deficient but non-anaemic...
April 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625261/acute-and-chronic-effect-of-physical-activity-on-cognition-and-behaviour-in-young-people-with-adhd-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-studies
#13
REVIEW
Sara Suarez-Manzano, Alberto Ruiz-Ariza, Manuel De La Torre-Cruz, Emilio J Martínez-López
BACKGROUND: Young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often have learning and behavioral control difficulties. AIM: The aim of this review is analyse the acute and chronic effect of physical activity (PA) on the cognition and behaviour of children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: Studies were identified in five databases (PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ProQuest, Web of Science, and SCOPUS), from January 2000 through to January 2017...
April 3, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624000/the-occurrence-of-dynamic-structural-disorders-in-the-pharynx-and-larynx-at-rest-and-during-exercise-in-horses-diagnosed-with-mild-and-moderate-equine-asthma-inflammatory-airway-disease
#14
B Wysocka, W Kluciński
The goal of the present study was to establish the occurrence of structural disorders in the larynx and pharynx during treadmill exercise tests in horses diagnosed with Equine Asthma (EA). Investigation was performed in 29 horses, patients of the Equine Clinic of the Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Poland, admitted with poor exercise performance. Upper and lower airway examinations were performed in all patients revealing both mild to moderate Equine Asthma (13 horses), and no lower airway abnormalities (16 animals)...
March 2018: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623356/exercise-effects-on-bone-mineral-density-in-older-men-a-systematic-review-with-special-emphasis-on-study-interventions
#15
REVIEW
W Kemmler, M Shojaa, M Kohl, S von Stengel
This systematic review detected only limited positive effects of exercise on bone mineral density in older men. Further, based on the present literature, we were unable to suggest dedicated exercise prescriptions for this male cohort that might differ from recommendations based on studies with postmenopausal women. The primary aim of this systematic review was to determine the effect of exercise on bone mineral density (BMD) in healthy older men. A systematic review of the literature according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement included only randomized or non-randomized controlled trials of exercise training ≥ 6 months with study groups of ≥ eight healthy men aged 50 years or older, not using bone-relevant pharmacological therapy, that determined BMD by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
April 5, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606104/study-protocol-randomized-controlled-trial-reducing-symptom-burden-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-using-ubiquinol-and-or-d-ribose
#16
Janet D Pierce, Diane E Mahoney, John B Hiebert, Amanda R Thimmesch, Francisco J Diaz, Carol Smith, Qiuhua Shen, Dinesh Pal Mudaranthakam, Richard L Clancy
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF), the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the US, affects 6.6 million adults with an estimated additional 3 million people by 2030. More than 50% of HF patients have heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF). These patients have impaired cardiac muscle relaxation and diastolic filling, which investigators have associated with cellular energetic impairment. Patients with HFpEF experience symptoms of: (1) fatigue; (2) shortness of breath; and (3) swelling (edema) of the lower extremities...
April 2, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595996/return-to-play-after-hip-arthroscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Michaela O'Connor, Anas A Minkara, Robert W Westermann, James Rosneck, T Sean Lynch
BACKGROUND: The use of arthroscopic treatment for intra-articular hip pathology has demonstrated improved patient-reported outcomes (PROs) with a lower rate of complications, reoperation, and patient morbidity as compared with traditional methods. Although the use of this minimally invasive approach has increased in prevalence, no evidence-based return-to-play (RTP) criteria have been developed to ensure an athlete's preparedness for sporting activities. PURPOSE: To determine if there exists sufficient evidence in the literature to support an RTP protocol and functional assessment after hip arthroscopy, as well as to assess the mean rate and duration of RTP...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592642/happiest-people-revisited
#18
Ed Diener, Martin E P Seligman, Hyewon Choi, Shigehiro Oishi
In a past Psychological Science article, Diener and Seligman (2002) explored the characteristics of extremely happy individuals and found that strong social relationships characterized the entire group. The study was popular, perhaps because the authors focused on the very happiest people, not merely on correlations across the entire spectrum of subjective well-being. In the current study, we replicated and extended the earlier paper here by examining, in a world sample, the differences between the happiest individuals and unhappy and averagely happy people...
March 2018: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592585/individual-value-clarification-methods-based-on-conjoint-analysis-a-systematic-review-of-common-practice-in-task-design-statistical-analysis-and-presentation-of-results
#19
Marieke G M Weernink, Janine A van Til, Holly O Witteman, Liana Fraenkel, Maarten J IJzerman
BACKGROUND: There is an increased practice of using value clarification exercises in decision aids that aim to improve shared decision making. Our objective was to systematically review to which extent conjoint analysis (CA) is used to elicit individual preferences for clinical decision support. We aimed to identify the common practices in the selection of attributes and levels, the design of choice tasks, and the instrument used to clarify values. METHODS: We searched Scopus, PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Science to identify studies that developed a CA exercise to elicit individual patients' preferences related to medical decisions...
March 1, 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588271/development-of-an-exergame-to-deliver-a-sustained-dose-of-high-intensity-training-formative-pilot-randomized-trial
#20
Thomas McBain, Matthew Weston, Paul Crawshaw, Catherine Haighton, Iain Spears
BACKGROUND: Sport science can play a critical role in reducing health inequalities. The inverse relationship between life expectancy, cardiorespiratory fitness, and socioeconomic status could be addressed by performing high-intensity training (HIT), delivered in a class salient and accessible approach. Commercially available exergames have shown encouraging compliance rates but are primarily designed for entertainment purposes rather than focusing on health-related outcomes. A serious game tailored toward delivering an exercise stimulus, while reducing the aversive protocols associated with HIT, could be beneficial to engage and improve health outcomes in socially deprived males...
March 27, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
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