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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719249/applying-sensory-modulation-to-mental-health-inpatient-care-to-reduce-seclusion-and-restraint-a-case-control-study
#1
Charlotte Andersen, Anne Kolmos, Kjeld Andersen, Volkmar Sippel, Elsebeth Stenager
BACKGROUND: Clinical training in managing conflicts and preventing violence seldom contains sensory modulation (SM) as a method to de-escalate and prevent restraint and seclusion. Sensory-based interventions promote adaptive regulation of arousal and emotion. SM is a complementary approach that is associated with reduced rates of seclusion and restraint in mental healthcare, but there is need for more research in this area. AIMS: Using SM to reduce restraint and seclusion in inpatient mental health care...
July 18, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718968/the-design-of-the-mbt-g-adherence-and-quality-scale
#2
Espen J Folmo, Sigmund W Karterud, Kjetil Bremer, Kristoffer L Walther, Elfrida H Kvarstein, Geir A F Pedersen
Few group psychotherapy studies focus on therapists' interventions, and instruments that can measure group psychotherapy treatment fidelity are scarce. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reliability of the Mentalization-based Group Therapy Adherence and Quality Scale (MBT-G-AQS), which is a 19-item scale developed to measure adherence and quality in mentalization-based group therapy (MBT-G). Eight MBT groups and eight psychodynamic groups (a total of 16 videotaped therapy sessions) were rated independently by five raters...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718865/-low-intensity-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-li-cbt-an-introduction-in-concepts-and-framework
#3
Pascal Wabnitz, Michael Löhr, André Nienaber, Bruno Hemkendreis, Klaus Thomas Kronmüller, Michael Schulz
Low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy (LI-CBT) depicts interventions that aim at increasing access to evidence-based psychological therapies. This is achieved by (1) reducing the amount of time in which the practitioner is in contact with individual patients, (2) using practitioners that have been specifically trained to deliver low intensity interventions and without any prior formal health professional qualifications and (3) use of interventions with varying intensity. Stepped care and collaborative care constitute the organizational frame to deliver low-intensity interventions...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716994/diagnosis-and-management-of-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety-in-general-practice-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#4
Elizabeth Ford, Suzanne Lee, Judy Shakespeare, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Up to 20% of women experience anxiety and depression during the perinatal period. In the UK, management of perinatal mental health falls under the remit of GPs. AIM: This review aimed at synthesising the available information from qualitative studies on GPs' attitudes, recognition, and management of perinatal anxiety and depression. DESIGN AND SETTING: Meta-synthesis of the available published qualitative evidence on GPs' recognition and management of perinatal anxiety and depression...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716769/web-based-therapist-training-in-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depression-pilot-study
#5
Kenneth A Kobak, Joshua D Lipsitz, John C Markowitz, Kathryn L Bleiberg
BACKGROUND: Training mental health professionals to deliver evidence-based therapy (EBT) is now required by most academic accreditation bodies, and evaluating the effectiveness of such training is imperative. However, shortages of time, money, and trained EBT clinician teachers make these challenges daunting. New technologies may help. The authors have developed the first empirically evaluated comprehensive Internet therapist training program for interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether (1) the training protocol would increase clinicians' knowledge of IPT concepts and skills and (2) clinicians would deem the training feasible as measured by satisfaction and utility ratings...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716560/integrated-mental-health-training-for-pediatric-and-psychology-trainees-using-standardized-patient-encounters
#6
Sandra H Jee, Constance Baldwin, Rita Dadiz, Marybeth Jones, Linda Alpert-Gillis
Primary care pediatricians and psychology practitioners who co-manage mental health problems can develop interdisciplinary communication and collaborative skills from joint standardized patient encounters and debriefings, combined with brief didactics. Learners demonstrated increased confidence in shared management of behavior health problems.
July 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716368/surgeons-and-surgical-trainees-acute-stress-in-real-operations-or-simulation-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Konstantinos Georgiou, Andreas Larentzakis, Athanasios G Papavassiliou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute stress in surgery is ubiquitous and has an immediate impact on surgical performance and patient safety. Surgeons react with several coping strategies; however, they recognise the necessity of formal stress management training. Thus, stress assessment is a direct need. Surgical simulation is a validated standardised training milieu designed to replicate real-life situations. It replicates stress, prevents biases, and provides objective metrics. The complexity of stress mechanisms makes stress measurement difficult to quantify and interpret...
July 14, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715481/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-the-training-effects-of-a-didactic-and-simulation-based-psychological-first-aid-program-in-students-and-school-counselors-in-south-korea
#8
Jong-Sun Lee, Sungeun You, Yun-Kyeung Choi, Hyae-Young Youn, Hye Sook Shin
The present study aimed to examine the training effects of a didactic and simulation-based psychological first aid (PFA) program. Based on the competency-based model, the study sought to examine whether the PFA training would enhance knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Study 1 examined the training effects of the PFA program in a sample of undergraduate and graduate students in psychology. Study 2 was conducted with school counselors. In both studies, all participants completed a one-day PFA workshop with a 3-hour didactic lecture and a 3-hour simulation-based practice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714723/the-implementation-and-testing-of-a-referral-management-system-to-address-barriers-to-treatment-seeking-among-primary-care-veterans-with-ptsd
#9
Kyle Possemato, Emily M Johnson, Laura O Wray, Brad Webster, Tracy Stecker
Primary care (PC) patients have low rates of engagement in evidence-based psychotherapy for PTSD due to a variety of patient- and system-level barriers. We conducted a hybrid effectiveness-implementation study of a referral management system, called coordinated and alternative pathway to engagement (CAPE), to address barriers to receiving evidence-based treatment for PTSD. CAPE included the delivery of 1 session of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) within PC to identify and change treatment-seeking beliefs, phone contacts to assist veterans in attending appointments, and PC staff trainings on how to implement clinical practice guidelines for PTSD in PC...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713293/predicting-future-high-cost-schizophrenia-patients-using-high-dimensional-administrative-data
#10
Yajuan Wang, Vijay Iyengar, Jianying Hu, David Kho, Erin Falconer, John P Docherty, Gigi Y Yuen
BACKGROUND: The burden of serious and persistent mental illness such as schizophrenia is substantial and requires health-care organizations to have adequate risk adjustment models to effectively allocate their resources to managing patients who are at the greatest risk. Currently available models underestimate health-care costs for those with mental or behavioral health conditions. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to develop and evaluate predictive models for identification of future high-cost schizophrenia patients using advanced supervised machine learning methods...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713237/behavioral-and-neural-correlates-of-executive-function-interplay-between-inhibition-and-updating-processes
#11
Na Young Kim, Ellen Wittenberg, Chang S Nam
This study investigated the interaction between two executive function processes, inhibition and updating, through analyses of behavioral, neurophysiological, and effective connectivity metrics. Although, many studies have focused on behavioral effects of executive function processes individually, few studies have examined the dynamic causal interactions between these two functions. A total of twenty participants from a local university performed a dual task combing flanker and n-back experimental paradigms, and completed the Operation Span Task designed to measure working memory capacity...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712353/cost-effectiveness-of-a-ptsd-intervention-tailored-for-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness
#12
Eric P Slade, Jennifer D Gottlieb, Weili Lu, Philip T Yanos, Stanley Rosenberg, Steven M Silverstein, Shula K Minsky, Kim T Mueser
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the cost-effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that is tailored for adults with a co-occurring severe mental illness. METHODS: Data were from a randomized trial involving 183 adult clients of two outpatient clinics and three partial hospitalization programs. All had a severe mental illness diagnosis (major mood disorder, schizophrenia, or schizoaffective disorder) and severe PTSD...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711513/the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-function-stress-management-training-in-glycemic-control-in-children-and-in-mental-health-of-mother-caring-for-child-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Mozhdeh Saghaei, Pouya Omidi, Elham Hashemi Dehkordi, Parvin Safavi
AIM: The study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a training course of cognitive-behavioral stress management in glycaemia regulation in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus as well as in mental health status of their mothers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and their mothers were selected and randomly assigned into two groups. A group of mothers (n=25; as experimental one besides their children) passed a course, eight 2-h sessions, on the cognitive-behavioral and stress management, and the control group received the usual care...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711120/from-efficacy-to-global-impact-lessons-learned-about-what-not-to-do-in-translating-our-research-to-reach
#14
Carolyn B Becker
Although members of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies have made significant strides toward the collective goals outlined in our mission statement, we routinely acknowledge that our ability to develop empirically supported treatments exceeds our success in improving dissemination and implementation of said interventions. Further, as noted by Kazdin and Blase (2011), even if we succeeded in having every clinician worldwide administer our best treatments with excellent competency, we still would be unsuccessful in markedly impacting the worldwide burden of mental illness because most treatments require intensive labor by expensive providers...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711118/mental-imagery-training-increases-wanting-of-rewards-and-reward-sensitivity-and-reduces-depressive-symptoms
#15
Julia Linke, Michèle Wessa
High reward sensitivity and wanting of rewarding stimuli help to identify and motivate repetition of pleasant activities. This behavioral activation is thought to increase positive emotions. Therefore, both mechanisms are highly relevant for resilience against depressive symptoms. Yet, these mechanisms have not been targeted by psychotherapeutic interventions. In the present study, we tested a mental imagery training comprising eight 10-minute sessions every second day and delivered via the Internet to healthy volunteers (N = 30, 21 female, mean age of 23...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709022/comparing-brief-interventions-for-suicidal-individuals-not-engaged-in-treatment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Erin F Ward-Ciesielski, Julia A Tidik, Amanda J Edwards, Marsha M Linehan
BACKGROUND: Non-treatment-engaged individuals experiencing suicidal thoughts have been largely overlooked in the intervention literature, despite reviews suggesting most individuals who die by suicide were not in treatment immediately prior to their death. Most intervention studies recruit individuals from treatment providers, potentially neglecting those individuals who are not already engaged in services. These individuals clearly represent a group in need of additional empirical attention...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708737/factors-associated-with-sexual-health-and-well-being-in-older-adulthood
#17
Maria Kleinstäuber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update of recent studies on factors associated with sexual well being in older people with a special focus on sexual activity, satisfaction and function. RECENT FINDINGS: Most recent studies confirmed the relationship between mental health status, especially negative affect and depressive symptoms, and sexual health in older adulthood. However, when this relationship is investigated more deeply, it seems that in fact positive psychological well being (positive affect and quality of life) accounts for sexual activity rather than the lack of depressive symptoms...
July 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707633/using-a-personality-inventory-to-identify-risk-of-distress-and-burnout-among-early-stage-medical-students
#18
Stephanie A Bughi, Desiree A Lie, Stephanie K Zia, Jane Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Distress and burnout are common among medical students and negatively impact students' physical, mental, and emotional health. Personality inventories such as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), used in medical education, may have a role in identifying burnout risk early. METHODS: The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey study among 185 1st year medical students with the MBTI, the general well-being schedule (GWB), and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS)...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707547/-we-need-a-safe-walkable-way-to-connect-our-sisters-and-brothers-a-qualitative-study-of-opportunities-and-challenges-for-neighborhood-based-physical-activity-among-residents-of-low-income-african-american-communities
#19
Stephanie T Child, Andrew T Kaczynski, Melissa L Fair, Ellen W Stowe, S Morgan Hughey, Lauren Boeckerman, Sally Wills, Yvonne Reeder
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of the benefits of and influencing factors for neighborhood-based physical activity (PA), and elicit suggestions for increasing neighborhood-based PA among primarily Black residents living in lower income neighborhoods. DESIGN: Eight focus groups were conducted in low-income, predominantly Black neighborhoods (n = 8) in Greenville, SC during Spring 2014. Using a semi-structured focus group guide with open-ended questions, residents were asked to describe benefits of PA, neighborhood factors associated with PA, and ways to increase PA within their neighborhoods...
July 14, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707231/a-medical-student-run-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-clinic-one-institution-s-experience
#20
Cassandra A Murzl, Tyler A Durns, Lorin T Mowrey, Andrew S Tubbs, Sally A Boeve
OBJECTIVE: This report examines the experience of one institution's development of the first student-run psychiatry clinic that serves both adult and pediatric populations. METHODS: The clinic is held weekly with pre-clinical and clinical medical student volunteers under the supervision of board-certified adult and child psychiatrists. The development and evolution of the clinic over time are evaluated with particular attention to obstacles overcome. Medical student volunteers were surveyed retrospectively to evaluate their experience with patients with psychiatric illness, skill development, and interest in psychiatry...
July 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
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