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Health & Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224218/researchers-supporting-schools-to-improve-health-influential-factors-and-outcomes-of-knowledge-brokering-in-the-compass-study
#1
Kristin M Brown, Susan J Elliott, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Although schools are considered opportune settings for youth health interventions, a gap between school health research and practice exists. COMPASS, a longitudinal study of Ontario and Alberta secondary students and schools (2012-2021), used integrated knowledge translation to enhance schools' uptake of research findings. Schools received annual summaries of their students' health behaviors and suggestions for action, and were linked with COMPASS knowledge brokers to support them in making changes to improve student health...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223790/temporal-and-bi-directional-associations-between-sleep-duration-and-physical-activity-sedentary-time-in-children-an-international-comparison
#2
Yingyi Lin, Mark S Tremblay, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput
The purpose of this multinational and cross-sectional study was to investigate whether nighttime sleep duration was associated with physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (SED) the following day, whether daytime PA/SED were associated with sleep duration the subsequent night, and whether the associations were modified by sex and study sites. Data from 5779 children aged 9-11years were analyzed. A waist-worn Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometer was used to assess children's 24-h movement behaviours for 7days, i...
December 6, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223363/comprehensive-determinants-of-growth-trajectories-and-body-composition-in-school-children-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#3
Hsien-Yu Fan, Yungling Leo Lee, Shwu-Huey Yang, Yi-Wen Chien, Jane C-J Chao, Yang-Ching Chen
OBJECTIVE: To fully explain the dynamic and comprehensive etiology of the trajectory associated with adiposity indices. METHODS: This study involved data of 5572 children, aged 6-11 years, as part of the Taiwan Children Health Study (TCHS). The present study introduced four distinct BMI trajectories, identified previously among children: persistently healthy weight; late-onset overweight or obesity; persistent overweight or obesity; and declining BMI class. Logistic regression was used to examine the effect of non-modifiable factors on BMI trajectory classes...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222998/experiences-of-connectivity-and-severance-in-the-wake-of-a-new-motorway-implications-for-health-and-well-being
#4
Amy Nimegeer, Hilary Thomson, Louise Foley, Shona Hilton, Fiona Crawford, David Ogilvie
The construction of new urban roads may cause severance, or the separation of residents from local amenities or social networks. Using qualitative data from a natural experimental study, we examined severance related to a new section of urban motorway constructed through largely deprived residential neighbourhoods in Glasgow, Scotland. Semi-structured and photo-elicitation interviews were used to better understand severance and connectivity related to the new motorway, and specifically implications for individual and community-level health and well-being through active travel and social connections...
November 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222994/supportive-environments-for-physical-activity-in-deprived-communities-in-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-study-using-photo-elicitation
#5
Alexia Sawyer, Marcella Ucci, Russell Jones, Lee Smith, Abi Fisher
The health benefits of regular physical activity are substantial and well-established. However, population activity levels are insufficient to obtain health benefits in the United Kingdom (UK), and strategies to increase activity, particularly in income-deprived communities, are sought. Socioecological models of physical activity posit that activity levels are influenced by social, physical and wider environmental factors. In line with a growing evidence base, there is a need to understand the factors that contribute to an activity-supportive neighbourhood within deprived settings within the UK...
December 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#6
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222610/characterizing-the-neighborhood-obesogenic-environment-in-the-multiethnic-cohort-a-multi-level-infrastructure-for-cancer-health-disparities-research
#7
Shannon M Conroy, Salma Shariff-Marco, Juan Yang, Andrew Hertz, Myles Cockburn, Yurii B Shvetsov, Christina A Clarke, Cheryl L Abright, Christopher A Haiman, Loïc Le Marchand, Laurence N Kolonel, Kristine R Monroe, Lynne R Wilkens, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Iona Cheng
PURPOSE: We characterized the neighborhood obesogenic environment in the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) by examining the associations of obesity with attributes of the social and built environment, establishing a multi-level infrastructure for future cancer research. METHODS: For 102,906 African American, Japanese American, Latino, and white MEC participants residing predominately in Los Angeles County, baseline residential addresses (1993-1996) were linked to census and geospatial data, capturing neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES), population density, commuting, food outlets, amenities, walkability, and traffic density...
December 8, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222201/self-regulated-use-of-a-wearable-activity-sensor-is-not-associated-with-improvements-in-physical-activity-cardiometabolic-risk-or-subjective-health-status
#8
Saurabh S Thosar, Meike Niederhausen, Jodi Lapidus, Nora F Fino, Joaquin Cigarroa, Jessica Minnier, Sandra Colner, Asha Nayak, Luke J Burchill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222077/can-facebook-reduce-perceived-anxiety-among-college-students-randomized-controlled-exercise-trial-using-the-transtheoretical-model-of-behavior-change
#9
Emily Frith, Paul Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest social media may be an attractive strategy to promote mental health and wellness. There remains a need to examine the utility for individually tailored wellness messages posted to social media sites such as Facebook to facilitate positive psychological outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to extend the growing body of evidence supporting the potential for social media to enhance mental health. We evaluated the influence of an 8-week social media intervention on anxiety in college students and examined the impact of dynamic (active) versus static (passive) Facebook content on physical activity behaviors...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221919/impact-of-lifestyle-interventions-targeting-healthy-diet-physical-activity-and-weight-loss-on-asthma-in-adults-what-is-the-evidence
#10
Sharmilee M Nyenhuis, Anne E Dixon, Jun Ma
Unhealthy lifestyle factors such as poor diet quality, sedentary lifestyle, and obesity are associated with negative health consequences in asthma including poor asthma control, impaired quality of life, and greater health care utilization. Lifestyle modification is the cornerstone of behavioral treatments and has been effective in chronic diseases such as atherothrombotic vascular disease and diabetes. There is a critical need for lifestyle interventions in asthma care that address obesity and its intimately linked risk behaviors in terms of poor diet and physical inactivity...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221890/22nd-international-conference-on-medical-physics-2016-bangkok-thailand-medical-physics-propelling-global-health
#11
EDITORIAL
Virginia Tsapaki, Geoff Ibbott, Anchali Krisanachinda, Kwan-Hoong Ng, Tae-Suk Suh, Slavik Tabakov, John Damilakis
As medical technology evolves and patient needs increase, the need for well-trained and highly professional medical physicists (MPs) becomes even more urgent. The roles and responsibilities of MPs in various departments within the hospital are diverse and demanding. It is obvious that training, continuing education and professional development of MPs have become essential. One of the ways for an MP to advance his or her knowledge is to participate in conferences and congresses. Last year, the 22nd International Conference of Medical Physics (ICMP 2016) took place in Bangkok, Thailand...
December 6, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221862/physical-activity-sedentary-time-tv-viewing-physical-fitness-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-adolescents-the-helena-study
#12
Alan R Barker, Luis Gracia-Marco, Jonatan R Ruiz, Manuel J Castillo, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Marcela González-Gross, Anthony Kafatos, Odysseas Androutsos, Angela Polito, Dénes Molnar, Kurt Widhalm, Luis A Moreno
BACKGROUND: To examine the independent associations between physical activity (PA) intensities, sedentary time (ST), TV viewing, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular fitness (MF) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in youth. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on 534 European adolescents (252 males, 282 females, 12.5-17.5years). Minutes per day of light (LPA), moderate (MPA) and vigorous (VPA) PA and total ST were measured using accelerometers. TV viewing time was measured using a questionnaire...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221476/lexical-neutrality-in-environmental-health-research-reflections-on-the-term-walkability
#13
Samantha Hajna, Nancy A Ross, Simon J Griffin, Kaberi Dasgupta
Neighbourhood environments have important implications for human health. In this piece, we reflect on the environments and health literature and argue that precise use of language is critical for acknowledging the complex and multifaceted influence that neighbourhood environments may have on physical activity and physical activity-related outcomes. Specifically, we argue that the term "neighbourhood walkability", commonly used in the neighbourhoods and health literature, constrains recognition of the breadth of influence that neighbourhood environments might have on a variety of physical activity behaviours...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221473/prevalence-of-somatic-and-urogenital-symptoms-as-well-as-psychological-health-in-women-aged-45-to-55-attending-primary-health-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Lena Rindner, Gunilla Strömme, Lena Nordeman, Margareta Wigren, Dominique Hange, Ronny Gunnarsson, Gun Rembeck
BACKGROUND: Women's physical and mental ill-health such as stress-related symptoms, depression, pain, hypertension and urogenital health shows a marked increase around the ages 45-55 years. These women are an important group for Primary Health Care (PHC) due to their prevalent symptoms and illnesses. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of somatic, psychological and urogenital symptoms in women aged 45-55 attending PHC and evaluate factors associated with severe symptoms...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221451/inequality-in-early-childhood-neurodevelopment-in-six-poor-rural-counties-of-china-a-decomposition-analysis
#15
Cuihong Zhang, Chunxia Zhao, Xiangyu Liu, Qianwei Wei, Shusheng Luo, Sufang Guo, Jingxu Zhang, Xiaoli Wang, Robert W Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: Previous studies about inequality in children's health focused more on physical health than the neurodevelopment. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the inequality in early childhood neurodevelopment in poor rural China and explore the contributions of socioeconomic factors to the inequality. METHOD: Information of 2120 children aged 0 to 35 months and their households in six poor rural counties of China was collected during July - September, 2013...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221436/prevalence-and-related-risk-factors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-adults-in-luxembourg-evidence-from-the-observation-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-oriscav-lux-study
#16
Ala'a Alkerwi, Nicolas Sauvageot, Illiasse El Bahi, Charles Delagardelle, Jean Beissel, Stephanie Noppe, Paul J Roderick, Jennifer S Mindell, Saverio Stranges
BACKGROUND: Evidence on stages of renal impairment and related risk factors in Luxembourg is lacking. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and identify potential correlates among the general population, using the recent definition suggested by the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines. METHODS: Data analysed from 1361 participants aged 18-69 years, enrolled in the Observation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Luxembourg (ORISCAV-LUX) study, 2007-08...
December 8, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221431/the-role-of-primary-care-providers-in-encouraging-older-patients-to-change-their-lifestyle-behaviors
#17
Shoshana H Bardach, Nancy E Schoenberg
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify older patients' perceptions of primary care providers' influence on their likelihood of improving diet and physical activity. METHODS: 104 adults ages 65 and older were interviewed immediately following a routine primary care visit about their plans and motivations for behavior change and how their clinic visit would influence their likelihood of making lifestyle changes. All interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed using a constant comparison approach...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221421/a-qualitative-study-of-latino-grandparents-involvement-in-and-support-for-grandchildren-s-leisure-time-physical-activity
#18
Hui Xie, Linda L Caldwell, Steven Loy, Mayra Robledo
BACKGROUND: Latino grandparents are often involved in rearing of grandchildren. However, their roles in promoting Latino children's leisure time physical activity (LTPA) have been largely overlooked by researchers. AIM: The purpose of this study is to examine Latino grandparents' involvement in and support for grandchildren's (age 2-12) LTPA as well as issues facing Latino grandparents. METHOD: Participants included 53 Latino grandparents who lived with/cared for or used to live with/care for grandchildren of 2 to 12 years old in three low-income areas of Los Angeles County...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220680/adherence-to-physical-activity-recommendations-and-physical-and-mental-health-risk-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-in-uganda
#19
Davy Vancampfort, Michel Probst, David Basangwa, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys, Ruud van Winkel, Philip B Ward, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha
This study investigated cardio-metabolic risk factors among patients with severe mental illness who do or do not meet the recommendations of 150min per week of physical activity. A secondary aim was to assess whether those that do meet the recommendations report lower levels of mental health symptoms. 107 (60♀) Ugandan in- and outpatients (mean age=34.4 ± 9.7 years) with severe mental illness (depression=7, bipolar disorder=55, schizophrenia=45) completed the Physical Activity Vital Sign (PAVS) method and Brief Symptoms Inventory -18...
November 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#20
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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