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Health & Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471477/feasibility-of-smartphone-application-and-social-media-intervention-on-breast-cancer-survivors-health-outcomes
#1
Zachary Pope, Jung Eun Lee, Nan Zeng, Hee Yun Lee, Zan Gao
Breast cancer survivors are at risk for poor health, with physical activity a possible treatment. Little research has examined how technology might promote breast cancer survivor physical activity or health. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of employing a commercially available mobile health application- and social media-based health education intervention to improve breast cancer survivor physical activity or health.Ten breast cancer survivors (X̅ age = 45.80 ± 10.23 years; X̅ weight = 79...
February 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471428/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-fear-of-falling-and-balance-among-older-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Tai-Wa Liu, Gabriel Y F Ng, Raymond C K Chung, Shamay S M Ng
Background: fear of falling is prevalent among older people and associated with various health outcomes. A growing number of studies have examined the effects of interventions designed to reduce the fear of falling and improve balance among older people, yet our current understanding is restricted to physiological interventions. Psychological interventions such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) have not been reviewed and meta-analysed. Objective: to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the effects of CBT on reducing fear of falling and enhancing balance in community-dwelling older people...
February 20, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470279/acute-serum-cartilage-biomarker-response-following-walking-and-drop-landing
#3
Matthew S Harkey, J Troy Blackburn, Anthony C Hackney, Michael D Lewek, Randy J Schmitz, Brian Pietrosimone
INTRODUCTION: An in depth understanding of the healthy cartilage response to activities of daily living is needed to better understand the complex relationship between cartilage health and loading. The purpose was to assess the role of loading on the acute serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) response in recreationally active individuals. METHODS: 40 individuals without previous lower extremity injury participated in this repeated measures study in which each participant completed all conditions during independent data collection sessions separated by at least one week...
February 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468844/are-older-adults-with-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-less-active-than-the-general-population-analysis-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative-and-nhanes
#4
Louise M Thoma, Dorothy Dunlop, Jing Song, Jungwha Lee, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Elroy J Aguiar, Hiral Master, Meredith B Christiansen, Daniel K White
OBJECTIVE: To compare objectively-measured physical activity (PA) in older adults with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (SxOA) with similarly aged adults without osteoarthritis (OA) or knee symptoms from the general population. METHODS: We included people age 50-85 years with SxOA from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI, n=491), and people age 50-85 years from the general population from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, n=449). A uniaxial accelerometer was worn for >10 hours/day for >4 days in the NHANES in 2003-2004 (Actigraph 7124) and in the OAI in 2008-2010 (Actigraph GT1M)...
February 22, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468566/pediatric-psychologists-collaboration-in-a-national-pediatric-obesity-initiative-a-case-study-in-interprofessional-collaboration
#5
REVIEW
Wendy L Ward, Laura A Shaffer, Elizabeth Getzoff Testa
Health Care reform calls for collaborative team-based care; psychologists must therefore strengthen their competencies for work in interprofessional clinical care settings. Toward that end, a group of psychologists participated with physicians, dieticians, physical activity specialists, nurses, and others in a national interprofessional workgroup focused on pediatric obesity. The interprofessional group was designed to identify areas in need of national advocacy, key assessment and treatment concerns, and gaps in internal policies and procedures in children's hospitals...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468518/cultural-factors-influencing-osteoarthritis-care-in-asian-communities-a-review-of-the-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Thrmiga Sathiyamoorthy, Shabana Amanda Ali, Marita Kloseck
With the prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) increasing internationally, there is a need to study the impact of this disease on culturally diverse populations. Individuals of Asian descent make up more than 60% of the world population, yet comprehensive information on the cultural factors that impact OA care is not available. Scoping review methodology using directed content analysis was employed to identify and analyze existing research on OA care for Asians. A categorization matrix was developed using the six care areas from the OA clinical practice guidelines along with an additional three non-clinical areas (cross-cultural adaptation of clinical tools; psychological well-being; family systems and informal care) identified in an initial scan resulting in a total of nine OA care areas to guide initial coding...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468075/television-exposure-and-overweight-obesity-among-women-in-ghana
#7
Derek Anamaale Tuoyire
Background: Although the public health importance of the association between television (TV) viewing and obesity and/or related outcomes have been demonstrated in both cross-sectional and prospective studies elsewhere, similar studies are lacking within the African region. With the view to fill this gap in the literature, the current study explored the association between TV exposure and overweight/obesity among Ghanaian women. Methods: Based on a sample of 4158 women, descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression were applied to data on TV ownership, TV viewing frequency, and body mass index (BMI) measures from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS) to explore the association between TV exposure and overweight/obesity among Ghanaian women...
2018: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468012/the-use-of-nutritional-guidance-within-chiropractic-patient-management-a-survey-of-333-chiropractors-from-the-acorn-practice-based-research-network
#8
Mi Kyung Lee, Lyndon Amorin-Woods, Vincenzo Cascioli, Jon Adams
Background: Food consumption and nutritional status affect an individual's health throughout their life-course and an unhealthy diet is a major risk factor for the current global burden of chronic disease. The promotion of health and good nutrition through healthy eating requires the active involvement of all health professionals including chiropractors. This paper reports findings from the first nationally representative examination of the use of nutritional guidance within chiropractic patient management in Australia...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467564/determinants-of-obesity-in-two-urban-communities-perceptions-and-community-driven-solutions
#9
Gabriela R Oates, Janice M Phillips, Lori B Bateman, Monica L Baskin, Mona N Fouad, Isabel C Scarinci
Objective: In the search of solutions to the rising rates of obesity, community perspectives are important because they highlight areas of need and help determine the level of community support for potential interventions. This study aimed to identify community perceptions of factors associated with obesity in two urban municipalities - one racially mixed and one predominantly African American - and to explore community-driven solutions to the problem of obesity. Methods: The study used Photovoice methodology to understand what community members perceived as obesity-promoting factors in their residential environments...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467134/nhs-diabetes-prevention-programme-in-england-formative-evaluation-of-the-programme-in-early-phase-implementation
#10
Linda Penn, Angela Rodrigues, Anna Haste, Marta M Marques, Kirsten Budig, Kirby Sainsbury, Ruth Bell, Vera Araújo-Soares, Martin White, Carolyn Summerbell, Elizabeth Goyder, Alan Brennan, Ashley J Adamson, Falko F Sniehotta
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the demonstrator phase and first wave roll-out of the National Health Service (NHS) Diabetes Prevention Programme (DPP) in England. To examine: (1) intervention design, provision and fidelity assessment procedures; (2) risk assessment and recruitment pathways and (3) data collection for monitoring and evaluation. To provide recommendations informing decision makers on programme quality, improvements and future evaluation. DESIGN: We reviewed programme documents, mapping against the NHS DPP specification and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) public health guideline: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevention in people at high risk (PH38), conducted qualitative research using individual interviews and focus group discussions with stakeholders and examined recruitment, fidelity and data collection procedures...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467006/associations-within-school-based-same-sex-friendship-networks-of-children-s-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviours-a-cross-sectional-social-network-analysis
#11
Ruth E Salway, Simon J Sebire, Emma Solomon-Moore, Janice L Thompson, Russell Jago
BACKGROUND: Physical activity in children is associated with better physical and mental health but many children do not meet physical activity guidelines. Friendship groups are potentially an important influence on children's physical activity and sedentary time. This paper examines the association between children of physical activity and sedentary time in school-based same-sex friendship networks, for both moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time. Moreover, considering the methodological challenges of conducting and interpreting these analyses, we provide examples of how to analyse these data and interpret results to encourage further work in the area...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466998/contextually-tailored-interventions-can-increase-evidence-informed-policy-making-on-health-enhancing-physical-activity-the-experiences-of-two-danish-municipalities
#12
Maja Bertram, Natasa Loncarevic, Christina Radl-Karimi, Malene Thøgersen, Thomas Skovgaard, Arja R Aro
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to test out contextually tailored interventions to increase evidence-informed health-enhancing physical activity policy-making in two Danish municipalities. METHODS: The study was performed as experiments in natural settings. Based on results from a pre-intervention study defining the needs and contexts of the two settings, the interventions were developed based on logical models. The interventions aimed at increasing the use of knowledge in policy-making, primarily via strengthening intersectoral collaboration...
February 21, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466911/goal-setting-for-weight-related-behavior-change-in-children-an-exploratory-study
#13
Abigail Fisher, Megan L Hammersley, Rachel A Jones, Philip J Morgan, Clare E Collins, Anthony Okely
BACKGROUND: There is an absence of studies exploring different goal-setting appraches and none which have examined the use of proxy goal-setting by parents for their children. AIM: To explore how proficient parents are in setting health behaviour goals for their children according to SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-framed) goal principles. A secondary aim was to examine associations between goal setting and change in health behaviors...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466647/-leaf-litter-breakdown-as-a-tool-to-assess-the-functional-integrity-of-high-andean-streams-of-southern-ecuador
#14
José Rincón, Diana Merchán, Agustin Sparer, Damodara Rojas, Edwin Zarate
The ecological condition of tropical Andean rivers are threatened by many human activities including changes in land use and cover in watersheds. Current protocols diagnose the structural condition of streams but not their function. In this study we proposed an assessment tool using the leaf-litter breakdown as a measure of the functional condition and health of high Andean streams in Southern Ecuador, including methodology and threshold values adapted to local conditions. We selected 15 streams in three micro-basins (Mazán, Llaviuco and Matadero) within or in the vicinity of Cajas National Park where we deployed litterbags for 15, 28 and 64 days...
March 2017: Revista de Biología Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465277/what-is-the-impact-of-targeted-health-education-for-mental-health-nurses-in-the-provision-of-physical-health-care-an-integrated-literature-review
#15
Sinead Hennessy, Angela M Cocoman
Individuals with a severe mental illness have a gap in life expectancy of up to twenty years in comparison to the general population. Nurses who work in mental health services have been identified as best placed to improve the physical health outcomes of individuals with mental illness. The literature identifies a lack of nursing knowledge related to physical health care and the presence of metabolic syndrome which is impeding nurses in providing essential physical health care to patients. An integrated literature review was carried out due to the dearth of research evidence pertaining to the impact of targeted education specifically with psychiatric/mental health nurses in the provision of physical healthcare...
February 21, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465097/quantitative-data-analysis-of-perceived-barriers-and-motivators-to-physical-activity-in-stroke-survivors
#16
S L Nicholson, C A Greig, F Sniehotta, M Johnston, S J Lewis, M E McMurdo, D Johnston, J Scopes, G E Mead
BACKGROUND: Levels of physical activity after stroke are low, despite multiple health benefits. We explored stroke survivors' perceived barriers, motivators, self-efficacy and intention to physical activity. METHODS: Fifty independently mobile stroke survivors were recruited prior to hospital discharge. Participants rated nine possible motivators and four possible barriers based on the Mutrie Scale, as having 'no influence', 'some influence' or 'a major influence' on physical activity...
September 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464921/design-and-objectives-of-the-south-american-youth-child-cardiovascular-and-environmental-saycare-study
#17
Heráclito Barbosa Carvalho, Luis Alberto Moreno, Andrew Mello Silva, Gabriela Berg, Alejandro Estrada-Restrepo, Laura Inés González-Zapata, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Carlos Alberto Delgado, María Isabel Bove, Maria da Luz Rosario de Sousa, Francisco Leonardo Torres-Leal, Claudia L M Forjaz, Augusto César Ferreira De Moraes
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to introduce the overarching study design of the South American Youth/Child Cardiovascular and Environmental (SAYCARE) study, which is an observational multicenter feasibility study held in seven South American cities: Buenos Aires (Argentina), Lima (Peru), Medellin (Colombia), Montevideo (Uruguay), Santiago (Chile), and São Paulo and Teresina (Brazil). Children and adolescents (3-17 years of age) were studied. METHODS: The data management systems, quality assurance monitoring activities, standardized operating procedure manuals, and training and study management are addressed in this paper...
March 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464759/urine-waste-product-or-biologically-active-tissue
#18
(no author information available yet)
AIMS: Historically, urine has been viewed primarily as a waste product with little biological role in the overall health of an individual. Increasingly, data suggest that urine plays a role in human health beyond waste excretion. For example, urine might act as an irritant and contribute to symptoms through interaction with-and potential compromise of-the urothelium. METHODS: To explore the concept that urine may be a vehicle for agents with potential or occult bioactivity and to discuss existing evidence and novel research questions that may yield insight into such a role, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease invited experts in the fields of comparative evolutionary physiology, basic science, nephrology, urology, pediatrics, metabolomics, and proteomics (among others) to a Urinology Think Tank meeting on February 9, 2015...
February 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464660/association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-risk-of-thyroid-cancer-a-case-control-study-and-a-meta-analysis
#19
M-J Hu, Q Zhang, L Liang, S-Y Wang, X-C Zheng, M-M Zhou, Y-W Yang, Q Zhong, F Huang
PURPOSE: Although vitamin D is reportedly associated with various cancers, the association between vitamin D and thyroid cancer is indefinite. We aimed to investigate whether this association applies to thyroid cancer (TC). METHODS: A total of 276 Chinese Han people were recruited in a current matched case-control study. Multivariable conditional logistic regression was computed to estimate the association between plasma 25(OH)D and papillary thyroid cancer (PTC)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463936/relationship-between-social-participation-physical-activity-and-psychological-distress-in-apparently-healthy-elderly-people-a-pilot-study
#20
Yutaka Owari, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Hiroaki Kataoka
Few studies examined the relationship between social participation, physical activity and psychological distress in elderly people. Here we examined these relationships in apparently healthy elderly people. After exclusion of subjects who dropped out or did not meet enrollment criteria, the data of 86 subjects (apparently healthy elderly embers at a college health club; 25 males, 61 females) from July 20 to September 10, 2016 were used. We evaluated each subject's psychological distress using the K6 questionnaire, social participation by a self-completed questionnaire, and physical activity level by a triaxial accelerometer (7 consecutive days)...
February 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
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