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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340201/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-of-physical-activity-and-health-status-in-adolescents
#2
Emily Granger, Francesco Di Nardo, Annie Harrison, Lesley Patterson, Raphael Holmes, Arpana Verma
Reduced physical activity is a known risk factor for many illnesses. Research in adolescent populations found increased physical activity levels improves objective health outcomes, but there is conflicting evidence regarding the relationship between physical activity levels and self-reported health status. To synthesise current evidence on the association between physical activity and self-reported health status in adolescents. Secondary objectives are to assess whether the relationship is dose dependant, and the appropriateness of WHO recommendations on adolescents' physical activity...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340012/assessment-of-muscle-mass-relative-to-fat-mass-and-associations-with-physical-functioning-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Joshua F Baker, Jon T Giles, David Weber, Mary B Leonard, Babette S Zemel, Jin Long, Said Ibrahim, Patricia P Katz
Objectives.: To determine whether a novel measure of appendicular lean mass relative to fat mass is associated with physical functioning in RA. Methods.: In a cross-sectional design, three independent RA cohorts were retrospectively analysed. Whole-body DXA measures of appendicular lean mass index (ALMI, kg/m 2 ) and fat mass index (FMI, kg/m 2 ) were converted to age, sex and race-specific Z-scores using published National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reference ranges...
February 28, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339847/telephone-delivered-exercise-advice-and-behavior-change-support-by-physical-therapists-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-the-telecare-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Rana S Hinman, Belinda J Lawford, Penny K Campbell, Andrew M Briggs, Janette Gale, Caroline Bills, Simon D French, Jessica Kasza, Andrew Forbes, Anthony Harris, Stephen J Bunker, Clare M Delany, Kim L Bennell
Background.: Exercise and physical activity are a core component of knee osteoarthritis (OA) care, yet access to physical therapists is limited for many people. Telephone service delivery models may increase access. Objective.: Determine the effectiveness of incorporating exercise advice and behaviour change support by physical therapists into an existing Australian nurse-led musculoskeletal telephone service for adults with knee OA. Design.: Randomized controlled trial with nested qualitative studies...
March 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339620/systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-health-related-behavioral-interventions-using-portable-activity-sensing-devices-pasds
#5
Hamed Abedtash, Richard J Holden
Background: Portable activity sensing devices (PASDs) have received significant interest as tools for objectively measuring activity-related parameters and promoting health-related outcomes. Studies of PASDs suggest the potential value of integrating them with behavioral interventions to improve intermediate and downstream clinical outcomes. Objectives: : This systematic review describes and evaluates evidence from controlled studies of interventions using PASDs on their effectiveness in health-related outcomes...
February 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339514/social-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-in-ukraine-in-2007-the-role-of-psychosocial-material-and-behavioural-factors
#6
Loretta G Platts, Christopher J Gerry
Despite Ukraine's large population, few studies have examined social inequalities in health. This study describes Ukrainian educational inequalities in self-rated health and assesses how far psychosocial, material and behavioural factors account for the education gradient in health. Data were analyzed from the 2007 wave of the Ukrainian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey. Education was categorized as: lower secondary or less, upper secondary and tertiary. In logistic regressions of 5451 complete cases, stratified by gender, declaring less than average health was regressed on education, before and after adjusting for psychosocial, material and behavioural factors...
October 20, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338921/the-relationship-between-objectively-measured-walking-and-risk-of-pedestrian-motor-vehicle-collision
#7
D Alex Quistberg, Eric J Howard, Philip M Hurvitz, Anne V Moudon, Beth E Ebel, Frederick P Rivara, Brian E Saelens
Safe urban walking environments may improve health by encouraging physical activity, but the relationship between an individual's location and walking pattern and the risk of pedestrian-motor vehicle collision is unknown. We examined associations between individuals' walking bouts and walking risk, measured as mean exposure to the risk of pedestrian-vehicle collision. Walking bouts were ascertained through integrated accelerometry and global positioning system data and from individual travel-diary data obtained from adults in the Travel Assessment and Community Study (King County, Washington) in 2008-2009...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338812/association-between-age-at-menarche-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#8
Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Gita D Mishra
In this study, we aimed to examine the association between age at menarche and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Data were from 4,749 women participating in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health between 2000 and 2012. Age at menarche was reported at baseline in 2000 when women were aged 22-27 years. During 12 years of follow-up, information on GDM diagnosis was obtained for each live birth. Log-binomial regression analysis was used to estimate relative risks and 95% confidence intervals. Analyses adjusted for mother's highest completed educational qualification, nulliparity, polycystic ovary syndrome, physical activity, and body mass index...
March 5, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338601/mycotoxin-biotransformation-by-native-and-commercial-enzymes-present-and-future-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Martina Loi, Francesca Fanelli, Vania C Liuzzi, Antonio F Logrieco, Giuseppina Mulè
Worldwide mycotoxins contamination has a significant impact on animal and human health, and leads to economic losses accounted for billions of dollars annually. Since the application of pre- and post- harvest strategies, including chemical or physical removal, are not sufficiently effective, biological transformation is considered the most promising yet challenging approach to reduce mycotoxins accumulation. Although several microorganisms were reported to degrade mycotoxins, only a few enzymes have been identified, purified and characterized for this activity...
March 24, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338449/development-of-a-preoperative-predictive-model-for-major-complications-following-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#10
Justin K Scheer, Justin S Smith, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Christopher I Shaffrey, Shay Bess, Alan H Daniels, Robert A Hart, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Gregory M Mundis, Daniel M Sciubba, Tamir Ailon, Douglas C Burton, Eric Klineberg, Christopher P Ames
OBJECTIVE The operative management of patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) has a high complication rate and it remains unknown whether baseline patient characteristics and surgical variables can predict early complications (intraoperative and perioperative [within 6 weeks]). The development of an accurate preoperative predictive model can aid in patient counseling, shared decision making, and improved surgical planning. The purpose of this study was to develop a model based on baseline demographic, radiographic, and surgical factors that can predict if patients will sustain an intraoperative or perioperative major complication...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338412/adolescent-changes-in-aerobic-fitness-are-related-to-changes-in-academic-achievement
#11
Lauren B Raine, John R Biggan, Carol L Baym, Brian J Saliba, Neal J Cohen, Charles H Hillman
There is a growing trend of decreasing physical fitness among adolescents, which may not only result in poorer physical health, but also poorer academic achievement. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in aerobic fitness and academic achievement in reading and mathematics during middle school. METHOD: This study employed a prospective, longitudinal cross-sectional design. Fifty-two adolescents were followed from sixth grade through eighth grade...
March 24, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338353/the-burden-of-familial-chylomicronemia-syndrome-interim-results-from-the-in-focus-study
#12
Michael Davidson, Michael Stevenson, Andrew Hsieh, Zahid Ahmad, Caroline Crowson, Joseph L Witztum
BACKGROUND: Familial Chylomicronemia Syndrome (FCS) is a rare genetic disorder that is caused by a decrease or an absence of lipoprotein lipase activity. FCS is characterized by marked accumulation of chylomicrons and extreme hypertriglyceridemia, which have major effects on both physical and mental health. To date, there have been no systematic efforts to characterize the impact of chylomicronemia on FCS patients' lives. In particular, the impact of FCS on the burden of illness (BoI) and quality of life (QoL) has not been fully described in the literature...
March 24, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338226/exploring-and-modelling-impacts-of-third-molar-experience-on-quality-of-life-a-real-time-qualitative-study-using-twitter
#13
Kamal Hanna, Paul Sambrook, Jason M Armfield, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: This study had two objectives: (i) to explore and model domains describing the real-time impact of third molars (TMs) on quality of life (QoL); and (ii) to assess the percentage coverage, in some generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) instruments, of the TM QoL domains identified in this study. METHODOLOGY: A global cross-sectional sample of tweets containing 'wisdom tooth' over a 1-week period retrieved 3,537 tweets...
March 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337829/peer-bullying-in-seniors-subsidised-apartment-communities-in-saskatoon-canada-participatory-research
#14
Donna Goodridge, Jennifer Heal-Salahub, Elliot PausJenssen, George James, Joan Lidington
Given that 'home' is the major physical-spatial environment of many older adults and that home, social and neighbourhood environments are well-recognised to impact both the ability to age in place and quality of life in this population, a better understanding of the nature of social interactions within seniors' communal living environments is critical for health promotion. This paper describes a two-phase participatory research study examining peer bullying by older adults conducted in April and May, 2016. Responding to needs expressed by tenants, the objectives of this study were to identify the nature, prevalence and consequences of peer bullying for tenants of two low-income senior apartment communities...
March 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337818/exploration-of-information-and-support-needs-in-relation-to-health-concerns-diet-and-physical-activity-in-colorectal-cancer-survivors
#15
S J Hardcastle, C Maxwell-Smith, M S Hagger, M O'Connor, C Platell
The purpose of the current study was to explore colorectal cancer survivors' information and support needs in relation to health concerns and health behaviour change. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants who had completed active treatment for cancer within the previous 2 years. Participants were colorectal cancer survivors (N = 24, men = 11, women = 13 M, age = 69.38 years, SD = 4.19) recruited from a hospital in Perth, Australia on the basis that they had existing morbidities that put them at increased risk of cardiovascular disease...
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337526/arthritis-and-cognitive-impairment-in-older-adults
#16
Nancy A Baker, Kamil E Barbour, Charles G Helmick, Matthew Zack, Soham Al Snih
Adults aged 65 or older with arthritis may be at increased risk for cognitive impairment [cognitive impairment but not dementia (CIND) or dementia]. Studies have found associations between arthritis and cognition impairments; however, none have examined whether persons with arthritis develop cognitive impairments at higher rates than those without arthritis. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, we estimated the prevalence of cognitive impairments in older adults with and without arthritis, and examined associations between arthritis status and cognitive impairments...
March 23, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337512/parks-and-green-areas-and-the-risk-for-depression-and-suicidal-indicators
#17
Kyoung-Bok Min, Hyun-Jin Kim, Hye-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence that parks and green areas have beneficial effects on mental health; however, most studies have been limited to a certain or small geographic area. This study investigated whether parks and green areas were associated with the risk for depression or suicidal indicators among adults. METHODS: We used the 2009 Korean Community Health Survey data (n = 169,029). Residential geographical codes were used to determine the amount of parks and green areas in each administrative district...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337132/habituation-training-improves-locomotor-performance-in-a-forced-running-wheel-system-in-rats
#18
Angel Toval, Raúl Baños, Ernesto De la Cruz, Nicanor Morales-Delgado, Jesús G Pallarés, Abdelmalik Ayad, Kuei Y Tseng, Jose L Ferran
Increasing evidence supports that physical activity promotes mental health; and regular exercise may confer positive effects in neurological disorders. There is growing number of reports that requires the analysis of the impact of physical activity in animal models. Exercise in rodents can be performed under voluntary or forced conditions. The former presents the disadvantage that the volume and intensity of exercise varies from subject to subject. On the other hand, a major challenge of the forced training protocol is the low level of performance typically achieved within a given session...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337091/a-survey-of-disposition-of-physicians-towards-physical-activity-promotion-at-two-tertiary-hospitals-in-north-eastern-nigeria
#19
A Y Oyeyemi, R B Usman, A L Oyeyemi
BACKGROUND: A general presumption is that any advice from physicians would likely be taken seriously by patients, and patients are more likely to see their doctors in the event of any health complaints than any other health professionals. The perceptions and practice of Nigerian physicians on their role in physical activity promotion are not well known. This study aimed to determine the knowledge of physical activity message, confidence, role perceptions, barriers and feasibility of physical activity promotion among physicians in two tertiary health institutions in North-Eastern Nigeria...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336265/brain-structural-markers-and-caregiving-characteristics-as-interacting-correlates-of-caregiving-strain
#20
Stephen F Smagula, Scott Beach, Andrea L Rosso, Anne B Newman, Richard Schulz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between brain structural markers and caregiving strain among older informal caregivers. DESIGN: A secondary data analysis combining data from the Caregiver Health Effects Study (1993-1994) and the Cardiovascular Health Study MRI examination (1992-1994). SETTING: Four United States communities. PARTICIPANTS: Co-residing spousal caregivers (N = 237; mean age: 76.2 years, SD: 2...
February 21, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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