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Health & Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054836/formative-assessment-design-of-a-web-connected-sedentary-behavior-intervention-for-females
#1
Amber W Kinsey, Matthew Whipple, Lauren Reid, Olivia Affuso
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is a significant risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and early mortality, particularly among women, and the health consequences associated with SB are independent of physical activity status. Interventions utilizing wearable technologies can improve SB, but their effectiveness is influenced by individual preferences, device engagement strategies, and technological features, which may affect user compliance. Gathering a priori insight from target populations on their preferences for program tools and strategies may assist researchers in identifying effective methods to improve the efficacy of SB interventions...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054087/using-local-knowledge-and-sustainable-transport-to-promote-a-greener-city-the-case-of-bucharest-romania
#2
Mihai R Niță, Denisa L Badiu, Diana A Onose, Athanasios A Gavrilidis, Simona R Grădinaru, Irina I Năstase, Raffaele Lafortezza
Cities undergoing climate change and rapid urbanization are faced with significant transformational processes that affect the environment and society, challenging them to become more sustainable and resilient. The promotion of nature-based solutions represents an efficient approach to meet sustainability targets in cities and improve the quality of life of citizens. The association of large components of green infrastructure, such as urban parks, with physical activity can counteract the sedentary lifestyle endemic to cities and improve the overall health and well-being of individuals (Carrus et al...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053612/in-search-of-consistent-predictors-of-children-s-physical-activity
#3
Keren Best, Kylie Ball, Dorota Zarnowiecki, Rebecca Stanley, James Dollman
Physical activity is pivotal for children's health and well-being, yet participation declines across teenage years. Efforts to increase physical activity need to be strengthened to combat this, however, evidence for the design and planning of physical activity promotion in children is lacking. The aim was to identify predictors of physical activity that were relatively consistent across three different measures of physical activity, in pre- and early adolescent South Australians. This is the first study to compare correlates of physical activity across three measures of physical activity in a single sample, in this age group...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053480/impact-of-moderate-intensity-and-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-on-mortality
#4
Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Shigeru Inoue, I-Min Lee, Yuko Odagiri, Norie Sawada, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
PURPOSE: Physical activity guidelines recommend at least 150 min of moderate-intensity physical activity (MPA), 75 min of vigorous-intensity physical activity (VPA), or combination of MPA and VPA. However, few epidemiological studies have examined whether the general population can derive equal health benefits from MPA or VPA. This study examined the associations of different activity intensities with mortality. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, a total of 83,454 community-dwelling Japanese who answered a questionnaire in 2000-2003 were followed for all-cause mortality through 2012...
October 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052651/activity-of-daily-living-on-non-working-and-working-days-in-polish-urban-society
#5
Katarzyna Wesolowska, Bozena Czarkowska-Paczek
OBJECTIVES: Activities of daily living are currently the simplest form of activity. For many people this is the only activity in which they participate. In this connection, it is important to determine the level of physical activity connected with daily habits including occupational activities. The main goal of the presented study has been to assess the level of activities of daily living in different age groups and its differentiation by season and working (WD) and non-working days (NWD)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052519/circuit-training-enhances-function-in-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Wei-Bin Hsu, Wun-Jer Shen, Zin-Rong Lin, Shr-Hsin Chang, Robert Wen-Wei Hsu
BACKGROUND: The number of patients receiving total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been rising every year due to the aging population and the obesity epidemic. Post-operative rehabilitation is important for the outcome of TKA. METHODS: A series of 34 patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA was retrospectively collected and divided into either exercise group (n = 16) and control group (n = 18). The exercise group underwent a 24-week course of circuit training beginning 3 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052114/urban-form-air-pollution-and-health
#7
REVIEW
Steve Hankey, Julian D Marshall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Urban form can impact air pollution and public health. We reviewed health-related articles that assessed (1) the relationships among urban form, air pollution, and health as well as (2) aspects of the urban environment (i.e., green space, noise, physical activity) that may modify those relationships. RECENT FINDINGS: Simulation and empirical studies demonstrate an association between compact growth, improved regional air quality, and health. Most studies are cross-sectional and focus on connections between transportation emissions and land use...
October 19, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051896/outcomes-and-complication-rates-after-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-are-similar-in-younger-and-older-patients
#8
Mark E Cinque, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Nicholas N DePhillipo, Nicholas I Kennedy, Jonathan A Godin, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Until recently, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears in older patients were treated conservatively; however, these patients often experienced significant pain and instability. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to compare the patient-reported outcomes, patient satisfaction, and failure rates of primary ACL reconstruction between a younger (age 20-30 years) and older (age 50-75 years) patient cohort. It was hypothesized that patients in the older cohort could achieve comparable clinical outcomes and retear rates following ACL reconstruction with a bone-tendon-bone autograft or allograft compared with the younger patients...
October 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051047/ostomy-telehealth-for-cancer-survivors-design-of-the-ostomy-self-management-training-osmt-randomized-trial
#9
Virginia Sun, Elizabeth Ercolano, Ruth McCorkle, Maria Grant, Christopher S Wendel, Nancy J Tallman, Frank Passero, Sabreen Raza, Zuleyha Cidav, Michael Holcomb, Ronald S Weinstein, Mark C Hornbrook, Robert S Krouse
PURPOSE: An ostomy adversely affects health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a diverse population of cancer survivors and their caregivers. Hit-or-miss ostomy care, nurse counseling, and community referral have been the primary modes of self-management education and support in the peri-operative setting. Few evidence-based, systematic ostomy self-management programs are available to ensure optimal post-operative care. This paper describes the study design of a telehealth-based Ostomy Self-management Training (OSMT) program for cancer survivors and their caregivers...
October 16, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051015/an-rct-to-facilitate-implementation-of-school-practices-known-to-increase-physical-activity
#10
Rachel L Sutherland, Nicole K Nathan, David R Lubans, Kristen Cohen, Lynda J Davies, Clare Desmet, Joshua Cohen, Nicole J McCarthy, Peter Butler, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden
INTRODUCTION: Although comprehensive school-based physical activity interventions are efficacious when tested under research conditions, they often require adaptation in order for implementation at scale. This paper reports the effectiveness of an adapted efficacious school-based intervention in improving children's moderate to vigorous physical activity. The impact of strategies to support program implementation was also assessed. DESIGN: A cluster RCT of low socioeconomic elementary schools in New South Wales, Australia...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050810/how-to-not-detonate-the-bomb-the-case-of-the-italian-national-health-service
#11
G La Torre, A Federici
Why is Italy one of the world's highest ranked for ability and quality of healthcare in relationship to the resources invested? The last decade has been characterized by many Italian Regions with Recovery Plans, whose main focus was on short-term issues with a high impact on healthcare costs. Italy is now leaving this phase and at the regional level there will be an increase of new hirings in the healthcare sectors, as stated by the Ministry of Health. There is a large amount of scientific literature that supports the role of factors such as lifestyles, diet and genetics as the base of population health...
October 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050658/addressing-health-disparities-from-within-the-community-community-based-participatory-research-and-community-health-worker-policy-initiatives-using-a-gender-based-approach
#12
Sara E Simonsen, Brenda Ralls, Anna Guymon, Teresa Garrett, Patricia Eisenman, Jeannette Villalta, O Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Valentine Mukundente, France A Davis, Kathleen Digre, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: The Coalition for a Healthier Community for Utah Women and Girls (CHC-UWAG) focused on addressing obesity-related health disparities impacting Utah women of color using community-based participatory research, a gender-based approach, and culturally sensitive health promotion activities delivered through community health workers (CHWs). A randomized trial of low vs. high intensity wellness coaching by CHWs was initiated. During this process, numerous policy issues emerged and were tracked...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049890/dna-methylation-signatures-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-women-at-midlife-a-pilot-rct
#13
Lisa M McEwen, Evan G Gatev, Meaghan J Jones, Julia L MacIsaac, Megan M McAllister, Rebecca E Goulding, Kenneth M Madden, Martin G Dawes, Michael S Kobor, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity confers many health benefits, but the underlying mechanisms require further exploration. In this pilot randomized controlled trial we tested the association between longitudinal measures of DNA methylation and changes in objective measures including physical activity, weight loss, and C-reactive protein levels in community-dwelling women aged 55 to 70 years. METHODS: We assessed DNA methylation from 20 healthy post-menopausal women (55-70 years of age), who did not have a mobility disability and allocated them to a group-based intervention, Everyday Activity Supports You (EASY), or a control group (monthly group-based health-related education sessions)...
October 19, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049421/complementary-religious-and-spiritual-interventions-in-physical-health-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#14
Juliane Piasseschi de Bernardin Gonçalves, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Homero Vallada
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether religious and spiritual interventions (RSIs) can promote physical health and quality of life in individuals. METHODS: The following databases were used to conduct a systematic review: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Scielo. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated RSIs regarding physical health outcomes and/or quality of life in English, Spanish or Portuguese were included. RSI protocols performed at a distance (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049384/ideal-cardiovascular-health-predicts-lower-risk-of-abnormal-liver-enzymes-levels-in-the-chilean-national-health-survey-2009-2010
#15
Antonio García-Hermoso, Anthony C Hackney, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
High levels of gamma glutamyltransferase (gamma-GT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), as well as fatty liver index (FLI) has been associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk factors in adults. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between gamma-GT, ALT, and fatty liver index FLI levels across a gradient number of ideal cardiovascular health metrics in a representative sample of adults from the Chilean National Health Survey 2009-2010. Data from 1,023 men and 1,449 women (≥ 15 years) from the Chilean Health Survey 2009-2010 were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048455/improving-knowledge-and-behaviors-on-diet-and-physical-activity-in-children-results-of-a-pilot-randomized-field-trial
#16
G La Torre, A Mannocci, R Saulle, A Sinopoli, V D'Egidio, C Sestili, R Manfuso, D Masala
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to increase the knowledge of healthy eating, to encourage change in nutritional behavior in accordance with the Mediterranean diet and to promote physical activity in children aged 7 to 9 years and their parents in a school setting through the use of cards and board games of the project Giochiamo (Let us play). METHODS: This experimental randomized field trial enrolled children in a school setting. The trial consisted of two phases...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047445/transport-and-public-health-in-china-the-road-to-a-healthy-future
#17
REVIEW
Baoguo Jiang, Song Liang, Zhong-Ren Peng, Haozhe Cong, Morgan Levy, Qu Cheng, Tianbing Wang, Justin V Remais
Transportation-related risk factors are a major source of morbidity and mortality in China, where the expansion of road networks and surges in personal vehicle ownership are having profound effects on public health. Road traffic injuries and fatalities have increased alongside increased use of motorised transport in China, and accident injury risk is aggravated by inadequate emergency response systems and trauma care. National air quality standards and emission control technologies are having a positive effect on air quality, but persistent air pollution is increasingly attributable to a growing and outdated vehicle fleet and to famously congested roads...
October 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047374/ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-the-subclinical-impairments-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study-in-central-south-china
#18
Ya-Qin Wang, Chang-Fa Wang, Ling Zhu, Hong Yuan, Liu-Xin Wu, Zhi-Heng Chen
BACKGROUND: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) is related to a low cardiovascular disease risk profile. This study aimed to investigate CVH metrics with both the biomarkers and markers of subclinical impairments of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in subjects from central south China. METHODS: The ideal CVH score (non-smoking status; ideal body mass index; regular physical activity; healthy diet; and an optimal serum cholesterol, blood pressure, and glucose profile; 1 point for each; total score: 0-7) was collected from 3009 participants without a history of CVDs...
October 18, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046975/the-genetics-of-physical-activity
#19
REVIEW
Xiaochen Lin, Charles B Eaton, JoAnn E Manson, Simin Liu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Physical activity (PA) is a well-established modifiable lifestyle determinant for multiple cardio-metabolic outcomes. While many psychosocial and environmental correlates of PA have been identified, current understanding of the genetic architecture that contributes to PA is still very limited, especially when compared to other phenotypes such as obesity and diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: This review systematically and comprehensively assesses available evidence from animal experiments, family studies, population-based candidate gene analyses, and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) studying the genetics of physical activity patterns...
October 18, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046786/sedentary-time-among-primary-school-children-in-south-west-germany-amounts-and-correlates
#20
Belinda Hoffmann, Sarah Kettner, Tamara Wirt, Olivia Wartha, Lina Hermeling, Jürgen M Steinacker, Susanne Kobel
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour in children is related to different health consequences such as overweight and cardio-metabolic diseases that can track into adulthood. Previous studies have shown that children spend hours being sedentary, but no data of sedentary time (ST) among German children has been available, yet. Therefore, this study investigated objectively measured amounts and correlates of ST in a sample of German primary school children. METHODS: Children's physical activity (PA) was objectively assessed for 6 days using a multi-sensor device (Actiheart®; CamNtech, Cambridge, UK)...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
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