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Health & Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933343/impact-of-a-graded-exercise-program-on-vo2peak-and-survival-in-heart-failure-patients
#1
Johan A Snoek, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Arnoud W J van 't Hof, Eva Prescott, Maria T Hopman, Evelien Kolkman, Ed P de Kluiver
INTRODUCTION: Although exercise therapy has the potential to improve health outcomes of patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF), less than 50% of patients adhere to prescribed physical activity guidelines one year after Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR). We aimed to assess the effects of an extended CR program with 12-months of Graded Exercise Therapy (GET) and resistance exercise training (RT) on exercise capacity and long-term survival in patients with CHF. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included sixty CHF patients between 2009 and 2010...
June 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932855/walking-works-wonders-a-tailored-workplace-intervention-evaluated-over-24-months
#2
Cheryl Haslam, Aadil Kazi, Myanna Duncan, Stacy Clemes, Ricardo Twumasi
This article presents longitudinal data from 1120 participants across 10 worksites enrolled in Walking Works Wonders, a tailored intervention designed to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour. The intervention was evaluated over 2 years, using a quasi-experimental design comprising 3 conditions: tailored information; standard information and control. This study explored the impact of the intervention on objective measures (BMI, %Fat, waist circumference, blood pressure and heart rate) and self-reported measures of physical activity, sedentary behaviour, physical and psychological health...
June 22, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932567/the-world-health-organization-community-empowerment-model-in-addressing-food-insecurity-in-low-income-african-american-women-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Barbara A Fowler, Joyce Newman Giger
Numerous researchers have examined the serious consequences of food insecurity and food deserts affecting the nutritional health of poor or low-income African-American women and their families. Food insecurity is defined as having limited or uncertain capacityfor acquiring sufficient, safe, and nutritious food at all times to meet one's dietary needs, while food deserts refer to economically and socially-deprived inner city areas with inadequate food supply that are often inhabited by low-income groups. Researchers have found that despite the capacity of community-level resources such as SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) and WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) supporting healthy nutrition, food insecurity persists among some recipients of both nutritional resources...
July 2017: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932460/a-home-based-mentored-vegetable-gardening-intervention-demonstrates-feasibility-and-improvements-in-physical-activity-and-performance-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Jennifer R Bail, Andrew D Frugé, Mallory G Cases, Jennifer F De Los Santos, Julie L Locher, Kerry P Smith, Alan B Cantor, Harvey J Cohen, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
BACKGROUND: The current study assessed the feasibility of a mentored home-based vegetable gardening intervention and examined changes in health-related outcomes among breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: BCS were randomized to either a year-long vegetable gardening intervention to begin immediately or a wait-list control. Master Gardeners mentored participants in planning, planting, and maintaining 3 seasonal gardens over the course of 1 year. Participant accrual, retention, and satisfaction rates of ≥80% served as feasibility (primary outcome) benchmarks...
June 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932005/cdc-s-active-people-healthy-nation-sm-creating-an-active-america-together
#5
Janet E Fulton, David M Buchner, Susan A Carlson, Deborah Borbely, Kenneth M Rose, Ann E O'Connor, Janelle P Gunn, Ruth Petersen
Physical activity can reduce the risk of at least 20 chronic diseases and conditions and provide effective treatment for many of these conditions. Yet, physical activity levels of Americans remain low, with only small improvements over 20 years. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) considered what would accelerate progress and, as a result, developed Active People, Healthy NationSM , an aspirational initiative to improve physical activity in 2.5 million high school youth and 25 million adults, doubling the 10-year improvement targets of Healthy People 2020...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931778/implementation-of-the-hibalance-training-program-for-parkinson-s-disease-in-clinical-settings-a-feasibility-study
#6
Conran Joseph, Breiffni Leavy, Sara Mattsson, Lynn Falk, Erika Franzén
BACKGROUND: Translating evidence into practice requires adaptation to facilitate the implementation of efficacious interventions. A novel highly challenging balance training program (HiBalance) was found to improve gait, balance, and physical activity in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) in an earlier randomized controlled trial. This study aimed to describe the adaptation process and feasibility of implementing the HiBalance program for PD within primary healthcare settings. METHOD: Feasibility was assessed in terms of study processes and scientific evaluation...
June 21, 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931592/sarilumab-a-review-in-moderate-to-severe-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Yvette N Lamb, Emma D Deeks
Sarilumab (Kevzara® ), a monoclonal antibody against the interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor, is approved in various countries, including the USA, those of the EU, and Japan, as a subcutaneous treatment administered every 2 weeks for moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults who have responded inadequately to, or are intolerant of, one or more DMARDs. In placebo-controlled trials, sarilumab improved the signs and symptoms of RA, as well as physical function and health-related quality-of-life (HR-QOL), when administered in combination with conventional synthetic DMARD (csDMARD) therapy in patients with an inadequate response to methotrexate or an inadequate response to, or intolerance of, at least one tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor; benefits were sustained over ≤ 3 years' therapy in an open-label extension...
June 2018: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931059/is-migration-at-older-age-associated-with-poorer-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-chinese-older-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#8
Man Guo, Meredith Stensland, Mengting Li, Xinqi Dong, Agnes Tiwari
Background and Objectives: The migrating age of an individual has far-reaching implications for their acculturation experience, social integration, and well-being. This study addressed two questions: Is migrating at older age associated with poorer psychological well-being? If so, what factors account for such differences? Research Design and Methods: Using data of 3,138 Chinese elderly people in Chicago, we compared the levels of depression and quality of life among individuals who migrated in young adulthood (before 35), adulthood (35-49), midlife (50-64), and later life (65+)...
June 20, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930988/remote-exercise-for-adults-with-down-syndrome
#9
Lauren T Ptomey, Amanda N Szabo, Erik A Willis, J Leon Greene, Jessica C Danon, Richard A Washburn, Daniel E Forsha, Joseph E Donnelly
Purpose: Adults with Down syndrome are less physically active than their typically developed peers. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of delivering moderate-to- vigorous exercise sessions, led by a trained health educator using real-time video conferencing, to groups of young adults with Down syndrome in their homes. Methods: Participants were randomized to 30-minute group exercise sessions either 1 or 2 times a week delivered on an iPad mini tablet computer using the Zoom video conferencing application, and were asked to attend individual support/education sessions once a week using FaceTime® on the iPad, for 12 weeks...
April 15, 2018: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930809/induction-of-the-apoptotic-pathway-by-oxidative-stress-in-spontaneous-preterm-birth-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-maternal-lifestyle-factors-and-health-status
#10
Federica Tarquini, Elena Picchiassi, Giuliana Coata, Michela Centra, Vittorio Bini, Samanta Meniconi, Chiara Antonelli, Irene Giardina, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
The purpose of the present study was to search for associations between spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB), single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the apoptotic pathway as triggered by oxidative stress, maternal lifestyle and health status. SNP genotyping [rs7560 for c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), rs9517320 for mammalian STE20-like protein kinase 3 (MST3), rs1049216 for caspase 3 (CASP3)] in the placenta and maternal blood of 300 controls with at-term birth and 43 cases of sPTB was performed. No association was identified in genotype frequencies or combinations of foetal/maternal genotypes between single SNPs and sPTB...
July 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930512/endothelial-mechanotransduction-redox-signaling-and-the-regulation-of-vascular-inflammatory-pathways
#11
REVIEW
Shampa Chatterjee
The endothelium that lines the interior of blood vessels is directly exposed to blood flow. The shear stress arising from blood flow is "sensed" by the endothelium and is "transduced" into biochemical signals that eventually control vascular tone and homeostasis. Sensing and transduction of physical forces occur via signaling processes whereby the forces associated with blood flow are " sensed" by a mechanotransduction machinery comprising of several endothelial cell elements. Endothelial " sensing " involves converting the physical cues into cellular signaling events such as altered membrane potential and activation of kinases, which are " transmission" signals that cause oxidant production...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930410/-situation-analysis-of-physical-fitness-among-chinese-han-students-in-2014
#12
Y Song, Y T Lei, P J Hu, B Zhang, J Ma
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the situation of physical fitness among Chinese Han students in 2014, so as to develop the guideline of physical activity regarding to the targeted students and to provide bases for the improvements of students' physical fitness. METHODS: Subjects were from 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health (CNSSCH). In this survey, 212 401 Han students aged 7-18 years participated and the measurement of physical fitness completed...
June 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929897/who-values-gluten-free-dietary-intake-behaviors-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-young-adults-who-value-gluten-free-food
#13
Mary J Christoph, Nicole Larson, Katie C Hootman, Jonathan M Miller, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, consumer demand for gluten-free products has increased, but little is known about the public health impact of and factors correlated with valuing gluten-free food. OBJECTIVE: Describe the sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of young adults valuing gluten-free as an important food attribute, and compare their dietary intake with other young adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of survey data collected in 2015 to 2016 as part of the fourth wave of the Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) cohort study...
June 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929873/effects-of-vitamin-supplementation-on-inflammatory-markers-and-psychological-wellbeing-among-distressed-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
J M Oliver-Baxter, H S Whitford, D A Turnbull, M J Bond
BACKGROUND: Multivitamins are a popular supplement taken to promote physical and mental health. During periods of stress, they may have a protective role for health and wellbeing, although the current evidence of their efficacy is mixed. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether multivitamin supplementation impacts psychological and inflammatory markers of women who are experiencing psychological distress. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: An 8-week randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess changes in both psychological state and pro-inflammatory markers of patients receiving multivitamins or placebo...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929608/influence-of-lifestyle-on-incident-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Gang Liu, Yanping Li, Yang Hu, Geng Zong, Shanshan Li, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu, JoAnn E Manson, Kathryn M Rexrode, Hyun Joon Shin, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: Evidence is limited regarding the impact of healthy lifestyle practices on the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events among patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of an overall healthy lifestyle, defined by eating a high-quality diet (top two-fifths of Alternative Healthy Eating Index), nonsmoking, engaging in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (≥150 min/week), and drinking alcohol in moderation (5 to 15 g/day for women and 5 to 30 g/day for men), with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD mortality among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
June 26, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929537/aggression-following-traumatic-brain-injury-effectiveness-of-risperidone-after-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Shoumitro Deb, Verity Leeson, Lina Aimola, Mayur Bodani, Lucia Li, Tim Weaver, David Sharp, Mike Crawford
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health concern and many people develop long-lasting physical and neuropsychiatric consequences following a TBI. Despite the emphasis on physical rehabilitation, it is the emotional and behavioural consequences that have greater impact on people with TBI and their families. One such problem behaviour is aggression which can be directed towards others, towards property or towards the self. Aggression is reported to be common after TBI (37-71%) and causes major stress for patients and their families...
June 21, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929499/predictors-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-analysis-through-gender-inequality-paradigms
#17
Megan McCool-Myers, Melissa Theurich, Andrea Zuelke, Helge Knuettel, Christian Apfelbacher
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction affects 41% of reproductive-age women worldwide, making it a highly prevalent medical issue. Predictors of female sexual dysfunction are multifaceted and vary from country to country. A synthesis of potential risk factors and protective factors may aid healthcare practitioners in identifying populations at risk, in addition to revealing modifiable factors to prevent sexual dysfunction among reproductive-age women. METHODS: Observational studies which assessed the prevalence and predictors of female sexual dysfunction in reproductive-age women were systematically sought in relevant databases (2000-2014)...
June 22, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929437/feasibility-and-effect-of-a-peer-modeling-workplace-physical-activity-intervention-for-women
#18
Sheri A Rowland, Kris E Berg, Kevin A Kupzyk, Carol H Pullen, Marlene Z Cohen, Paula S Schulz, Bernice C Yates
Most working women do not meet current guidelines for physical activity (PA). A 12-week pilot study tested a workplace, peer modeling PA intervention. Inactive female employees from a health system were randomized to an attention control group (ACG; n = 26) or an intervention group (IG; n = 26). The ACG received health information. The IG participated in six group sessions with an active peer model and received an exercise prescription and PA information. Pre and post measures were PA (ActiGraph), Estimated VO2max (cycle ergometer), resting heart rate (HR), glucose and lipids, and cardiovascular risk...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929406/adherence-to-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet-in-a-population-of-south-of-italy-factors-involved-and-proposal-of-an-educational-field-based-survey-tool
#19
Marilena Vitale, Emanuela Racca, Arianna Izzo, Angela Giacco, Eugenio Parente, Gabriele Riccardi, Rosalba Giacco
We developed and validated a tool assessing the adherence to the Mediterranean diet based on current nutritional recommendations for health promotion (MEDI-Quest). Four-hundred-and-eleven clinically healthy subjects completed both the MEDI-Quest-score and the validated MedDietScore (MDS). A good accordance between MEDI-Quest and MDS was observed (R = 0.638), as well as for the percentage of individuals having similar scores with both methods for each food group. Regarding socio-cultural-factors, higher adherence was observed in people with older-age (OR = 1...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929263/acute-changes-in-a-respiratory-inflammation-marker-in-guards-following-beijing-air-pollution-controls
#20
Jing Shang, Reza Bashiri Khuzestani, Wei Huang, Jianxiong An, James J Schauer, Dongqing Fang, Tianqi Cai, Jingyu Tian, Shujian Yang, Bo Guo, Yuanxun Zhang
The adverse respiratory health effects of PM2.5 have been studied. However, the epidemiological evidence for the association of specific PM2.5 sources with health outcomes is still limited. This study investigated the association between PM2.5 components and sources with a biomarker of acute respiratory inflammation (FeNO) in guards. Personal exposure was estimated by microenvironment samplers and FeNO measurements were carried out before, during and after the Victory Day Military Parade in Beijing. Four sources were determined by factor analysis, including urban pollution, dust, alloy steel abrasion and toxic metals...
May 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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