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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227874/cluster-based-architecture-and-network-maintenance-protocol-for-medical-priority-aware-cognitive-radio-based-hospital
#1
Ishtiak Al Mamoon, A K M Muzahidul Islam, Sabariah Baharun, Ashir Ahmed, Shozo Komaki, Ishtiak Al Mamoon, A K M Muzahidul Islam, Sabariah Baharun, Ashir Ahmed, Shozo Komaki, Ishtiak Al Mamoon, Shozo Komaki, Ashir Ahmed, A K M Muzahidul Islam, Sabariah Baharun
Due to the rapid growth of wireless medical devices in near future, wireless healthcare services may face some inescapable issue such as medical spectrum scarcity, electromagnetic interference (EMI), bandwidth constraint, security and finally medical data communication model. To mitigate these issues, cognitive radio (CR) or opportunistic radio network enabled wireless technology is suitable for the upcoming wireless healthcare system. The up-to-date research on CR based healthcare has exposed some developments on EMI and spectrum problems...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227719/a-telepresence-wheelchair-using-cellular-network-infrastructure-in-outdoor-environments
#2
Van Kha Ly Ha, Tuan Nghia Nguyen, Hung T Nguyen, Van Kha Ly Ha, Tuan Nghia Nguyen, Hung T Nguyen, Van Kha Ly Ha, Tuan Nghia Nguyen, Hung T Nguyen
Mobile wireless network technology has grown rapidly over the past decade with emerging applications and services. Particularly, the fourth generation (4G) cellular network has acted as a bridge between telecommunication technology and daily life applications. In this paper, we present an investigation into a telepresence wheelchair in outdoor environments employing cellular network infrastructure instead of using local wireless networks in indoor environments. Experiments were carried out to demonstrate remote interaction and control from a long distance and across countries...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226393/supporting-self-management-by-community-matrons-through-a-group-intervention-an-action-research-study
#3
Abigail M Barkham, Steven J Ersser
The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and impact of a group intervention by Community Matrons to support those living with multiple long-terms conditions. Little evidence exists as to how the role of the Community Matron (CM) should be delivered to effectively enhance disease self-management and levels of self-efficacy for the service users. This qualitative participatory action research study explored the use of group work as a method of intervention by CMs. A purposive sample of 29 participants was recruited...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226042/emergency-interventions-for-air-medical-services-trauma-victims
#4
Gabriela Schweitzer, Eliane Regina Pereira do Nascimento, Keyla Cristiane do Nascimento, André Ricardo Moreira, Lucia Nazareth Amante, Luciana Bihain Hagemann de Malfussi
Objective: to analyze emergency interventions for air medical services trauma victims, considering the time at the scene of trauma and the severity of the victims. Method: This was a descriptive, correlational and quantitative study, conducted from October of 2014 to December of 2015. Six nurses participated, completing an instrument containing emergency interventions performed in the care of victims after the occurrence of trauma. The sample consisted of 97 treatments...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226020/characteristics-of-the-violence-and-accidents-survey-conducted-in-brazilian-sentinel-emergency-departments
#5
Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Cheila Marina Lima, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rosane Aparecida Monteiro, Mariana Gonçalves de Freitas, Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Camila Alves Bahia, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
The Violence and Accidents Survey Conducted in Sentinel Emergency Departments (VIVA Survey) is the sentinel surveillance component of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System (VIVA). It was conducted for the first time in 2006 and again in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2014. The sample is comprised of victims of accidents and violence treated in Emergency Departments linked to the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). The services are selected intentionally. This isfollowed by probability sampling of 12-hour shifts by conglomerates in single-stage selection...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224379/nerves-of-steel-a-low-cost-method-for-3d-printing-the-cranial-nerves
#6
Ramin Javan, Duncan Davidson, Afshin Javan
Steady-state free precession (SSFP) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can demonstrate details down to the cranial nerve (CN) level. High-resolution three-dimensional (3D) visualization can now quickly be performed at the workstation. However, we are still limited by visualization on flat screens. The emerging technologies in rapid prototyping or 3D printing overcome this limitation. It comprises a variety of automated manufacturing techniques, which use virtual 3D data sets to fabricate solid forms in a layer-by-layer technique...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224347/emergency-medical-service-systems-in-sri-lanka-problems-of-the-past-challenges-of-the-future
#7
Kelum Wimalaratne, Jeong Il Lee, Kang Hyun Lee, Hee Young Lee, Jung Hun Lee, In Hye Kang
INTRODUCTION: The concept of emergency medical services (EMS) is new to Sri Lanka. This article describes the development, delivery, and future ideas for EMS in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka also faces frequent natural hazards that justify the establishment of an EMS service. METHODOLOGY: Data and information regarding emergency medical care in Sri Lanka were collected and reviewed from resources including websites and research papers. RESULTS: Currently, there are no qualified emergency medical physicians in Sri Lanka...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223112/understanding-and-applying-the-concept-of-value-creation-in-radiology
#8
David B Larson, Daniel J Durand, Daniel S Siegal
The concept of value in radiology has been strongly advocated in recent years as a means of advancing patient care and decreasing waste. This article explores the concept of value creation in radiology and offers a framework for how radiology practices can create value according to the needs of their referring clinicians. Value only exists in the eyes of a customer. We propose that the primary purpose of diagnostic radiology is to answer clinical questions using medical imaging to help guide management of patient care...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222847/relying-on-the-national-mobile-disaster-hospital-as-a-business-continuity-strategy-in-the-aftermath-of-a-tornado-the-louisville-experience
#9
Randy D Kearns, Lew Stringer, James Craig, Regina Godette-Crawford, Paul S Black, David L Andra, James Winslow
On 28th April, 2014, a tornado left much of Louisville, MS and the local hospital, Winston Medical Center, in ruin. In the USA, temporary hospital solutions have been used to augment the mainstream healthcare system since the American Civil War. As memories fade, however, the necessary readiness for a temporary hospital also fades, at times leaving a patchwork of resources either underfunded or abandoned. With the creation of the Hospital Preparedness Program, several temporary hospital solutions were created in various states across the USA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222770/what-do-patients-with-diabetes-and-providers-think-of-an-innovative-australian-model-of-remote-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-a-qualitative-study
#10
Nicola M Glasson, Sarah L Larkins, Lisa J Crossland
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the commonest cause of preventable blindness in working age populations, but up to 98% of visual loss secondary to DR can be prevented with early detection and treatment. In 2012, an innovative outreach DR screening model was implemented in remote communities in a state of Australia. The aim of this study was to explore the acceptability of this unique DR screening model to patients, health professionals and other key stakeholders. METHODS: This descriptive qualitative study used semi-structured interviews with patients opportunistically recruited whilst attending DR screening, and purposefully selected health care professionals either working within or impacted by the programme...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222728/looking-forward-to-the-next-15-years-innovation-and-new-pathways-for-research-in-health-equity
#11
EDITORIAL
Ana Lorena Ruano, Efrat Shadmi, John Furler, Krishna Rao, Miguel San Sebastián, Manuela Villar Uribe, Leiyu Shi
Since our launch in 2002, the International Journal for Equity in Health (IJEqH) has furthered our collective understanding of equity in health and health services by providing a platform on which academics and practitioners can share their work. Today, we celebrate our fifteenth anniversary with an article collection that presents a call for new and novel research in equity in health and we invite our authors to use new approaches and methods, and to focus on emerging areas of research related to health equity in order to set the stage for the next fifteen years of health equity research...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222706/low-intensity-interventions-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd-a-qualitative-study-of-mental-health-practitioner-experiences
#12
Judith Gellatly, Rebecca Pedley, Christine Molloy, Jennifer Butler, Karina Lovell, Penny Bee
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating mental health disorder that can substantially impact upon quality of life and everyday functioning. Guidelines recommend pharmacological and psychological treatments, using a cognitive behaviour therapy approach (CBT) including exposure and response prevention, but access has generally been poor. Low intensity psychological interventions have been advocated. The evidence base for these interventions is emerging but there is a paucity of information regarding practitioners' perceptions and experiences of supporting individuals with OCD using this approach...
February 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222471/telemedizin-potenziale-in-der-notfallmedizin
#13
Jörg C Brokmann, Marc Felzen, Stefan K Beckers, Michael Czaplik, Frederik Hirsch, Sebastian Bergrath, Rolf Rossaint
The telemedical support and networking between health personnel and medical specialists increases the quality of supply also in the prehospital emergency care. Till now only for some tracer diagnosis specifically designed telemedical services were used. However, now a unique holistic telemedicine system, which can be used for the whole emergency spectrum as a supplementary feature has been developed. It can be used for the whole prehospital emergency care. The needfulness and meaningfulness of telemedicine as well as the important structural characteristics in prehospital emergency care are pictured...
February 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221958/using-a-six-sigma-fishbone-analysis-approach-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-extreme-weather-events-on-salmonella-positives-in-young-chicken-slaughter-establishments
#14
John W Linville, Douglas Schumann, Christopher Aston, Stephanie Defibaugh-Chavez, Scott Seebohm, Lucy Touhey
A six sigma fishbone analysis approach was used to develop a machine learning model in SAS, Version 9.4, by using stepwise linear regression. The model evaluated the effect of a wide variety of variables, including slaughter establishment operational measures, normal (30-year average) weather, and extreme weather events on the rate of Salmonella -positive carcasses in young chicken slaughter establishments. Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) verification carcass sampling data, as well as corresponding data from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration and the Federal Emergency Management Agency, from September 2011 through April 2015, were included in the model...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221282/characteristics-and-triage-of-children-presenting-in-mental-health-crisis-to-emergency-departments-at-detroit-regional-hospitals
#15
Kristen Williams, Amanda R Levine, David M Ledgerwood, Alireza Amirsadri, Leslie H Lundahl
OBJECTIVES: The number of children in the United States utilizing emergency department (ED) services for psychiatric crises is increasing, and psychiatric-related ED visits disproportionately burden hospital resources. Yet, there is limited available information on the epidemiology and outcomes of pediatric mental health emergencies. The present study sought to characterize pediatric mental health-related ED presentations in a large urban center and identify factors predictive of inpatient hospitalization...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221220/impact-of-the-united-states-preventive-services-task-force-d-recommendation-on-prostate-cancer-screening-and-staging
#16
Renu S Eapen, Annika Herlemann, Samuel L Washington, Matthew R Cooperberg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In 2012, the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) issued a grade 'D' recommendation against the use of routine prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening for any men. This recommendation reflects critical misinterpretations of the available evidence base regarding benefits and harms of PSA screening and has influenced the nationwide landscape of prostate cancer screening, diagnosis, and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Following the USPSTF recommendation, a substantial decline in PSA screening was noted for all age groups...
February 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220910/chemical-incidents-resulted-in-hazardous-substances-releases-in-the-context-of-human-health-hazards
#17
Anna Pałaszewska-Tkacz, Sławomir Czerczak, Katarzyna Konieczko
OBJECTIVES: The research purpose was to analyze data concerning chemical incidents in Poland collected in 1999-2009 in terms of health hazards. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data was obtained, using multimodal information technology (IT) system, from chemical incidents reports prepared by rescuers at the scene. The final analysis covered sudden events associated with uncontrolled release of hazardous chemical substances or mixtures, which may potentially lead to human exposure...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220740/the-spectrum-and-outcome-of-surgical-sepsis-in-pietermaritzburg-south-africa
#18
S Green, V Y Kong, D L Clarke, B Sartorius, J Odendaal, J L Bruce, G L Laing, P Brysiewicz, W Bekker, E Harknett
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and the incidence appears to be increasing. In the resource-limited environment in low- and middle-income countries, the management of surgical sepsis (SS) continues to represent a significant portion of the workload for most general surgeons. OBJECTIVE: To describe the spectrum of SS seen at a busy emergency department, and categorise the outcomes. METHODS: The Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service (PMTS) and Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Surgical Service (PMSS) in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa (SA), maintain a prospective electronic registry...
January 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220558/supporting-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-using-continuous-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion-therapy-difficulties-disconnections-and-disarray
#19
Lin Perry, Steven James, Robyn Gallagher, Janet Dunbabin, Katharine Steinbeck, Julia Lowe
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Use of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy in type 1 diabetes management is high. However, the incorporation of this technology into self-care is not without challenges, and the support of an appropriately skilled health care team is recommended. This study aimed to examine the support context for patients using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy from the health care professional perspective, as well as contextual influences for health care professionals and their patients...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220486/cetuximab-plus-irinotecan-versus-panitumumab-in-patients-with-refractory-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-in-ontario-canada
#20
Katarzyna J Jerzak, Scott Berry, Yoo-Joung Ko, Craig Earle, Kelvin K W Chan
The addition of irinotecan to an EGFR antibody has previously been shown to improve tumor response rate and time to progression but not overall survival (OS) for refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We assessed the "real world" effectiveness and toxicity of the combination versus monotherapy. In Ontario, Canada universal public funding is available for either cetuximab plus irinotecan (Cmab+I) combination therapy or panitumumab (Pmab) monotherapy, only in patients with refractory non-mutated RAS mCRC...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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