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Ischemia angiogenesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930695/coordinated-activation-of-vegf-vegfr-2-and-ppar%C3%AE-pathways-by-a-multi-component-chinese-medicine-dhi-accelerated-recovery-from-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-mice
#1
Shuang He, Tiechan Zhao, Hao Guo, Yanzhi Meng, Gangjian Qin, David A Goukassian, Jihong Han, Xuimei Gao, Yan Zhu
Diabetic mellitus (DM) patients are at an increased risk of developing peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Danhong injection (DHI) is a Chinese patent medicine widely used for several cardiovascular indications but the mechanism of action is not well-understood. We investigated the therapeutic potential of DHI on experimental PAD in mice with chemically induced as well as genetic (KKAy) type 2 DM and the overlapping signaling pathways regulating both therapeutic angiogenesis and glucose homeostasis. Compared with normal genetic background wild type (WT) mice, both DM mice showed impaired perfusion recovery in hind-limb ischemia (HLI) model...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927598/hypoxia-inducible-factor-stabilization-improves-defective-ischemia-induced-angiogenesis-in-a-rodent-model-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Isabel N Schellinger, Nada Cordasic, Julian Panesar, Björn Buchholz, Johannes Jacobi, Andrea Hartner, Bernd Klanke, Joanna Jakubiczka-Smorag, Nicolai Burzlaff, Eva Heinze, Christina Warnecke, Uwe Raaz, Carsten Willam, Philip S Tsao, Kai-Uwe Eckardt, Kerstin Amann, Karl F Hilgers
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased risk and worse prognosis of cardiovascular disease, including peripheral artery disease. An impaired angiogenic response to ischemia may contribute to poor outcomes of peripheral artery disease in patients with CKD. Hypoxia inducible factors (HIF) are master regulators of angiogenesis and therefore represent a promising target for therapeutic intervention. To test this we induced hind-limb ischemia in rats with CKD caused by 5/6 nephrectomy and administered two different treatments known to stabilize HIF protein in vivo: carbon monoxide and a pharmacological inhibitor of prolyl hydroxylation 2-(1-chloro-4- hydroxyisoquinoline-3-carboxamido) acetate (ICA)...
December 4, 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925633/shock-wave-enhances-angiogenesis-through-vegfr2-activation-and-recycling
#3
Tien-Hung Huang, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Yi-Ling Chen, Ching-Jen Wang, Tsung-Cheng Yin, Mel S Lee, Hon-Kan Yip
Although low-energy shock wave (SW) is adopted to treat ischemic diseases because of its pro-angiogenic properties, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed at testing whether SW-induced angiogenesis may be through endothelial vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) signaling and trafficking. Phosphorylation of VEGFR2-Akt-eNOS axis and production of nitric oxide (NO) were determined in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) treated with SW. Carotid artery in ob/ob mice was treated with SW before evaluation with sprouting assay...
December 6, 2016: Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914008/igf1r-dental-pulp-stem-cells-enhanced-neuroplasticity-in-hypoxia-ischemia-model
#4
Hsiao-Yu Chiu, Chen-Huan Lin, Chung Y Hsu, John Yu, Chia-Hung Hsieh, Woei-Cherng Shyu
Until now, the surface markers of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) had not been fully identified. Here, we found that the IGF1 receptor (IGF1R), regarded as a pluripotent marker of embryonic stem cells (ESCs), was also expressed in human dental pulp derived-mesenchymal stem cells (hDSCs), which displayed a potential for both self-renewal and multipotency. hDSC-secreted IGF1 interacted with IGF1R through an autocrine signaling pathway to maintain this self-renewal and proliferation potential. Stereotaxic implantation of immunosorted IGF1R(+) hDSCs in rats with neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (NHI) promoted neuroplasticity, improving the neurological outcome by increasing expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, which enhanced both neurogenesis and angiogenesis...
December 2, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913120/gene-delivery-nanoparticles-to-modulate-angiogenesis
#5
REVIEW
Jayoung Kim, Adam C Mirando, Aleksander S Popel, Jordan J Green
Angiogenesis is naturally balanced by many pro- and anti-angiogenic factors while an imbalance of these factors leads to aberrant angiogenesis, which is closely associated with many diseases. Gene therapy has become a promising strategy for the treatment of such a disordered state through the introduction of exogenous nucleic acids that express or silence the target agents, thereby engineering neovascularization in both directions. Numerous non-viral gene delivery nanoparticles have been investigated towards this goal, but their clinical translation has been hampered by issues associated with safety, delivery efficiency, and therapeutic effect...
November 29, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903483/therapeutic-benefits-and-adverse-effects-of-combined-pro-angiogenic-gene-therapy-in-mouse-critical-leg-ischemia
#6
Benoît Lebas, Julien Galley, Edith Renaud-Gabardos, Françoise Pujol, Françoise Lenfant, Barbara Garmy-Susini, Xavier Chaufour, Anne-Catherine Prats
OBJECTIVE: Critical leg ischemia (CLI) represents the ultimate stage of peripheral arterial disease. Despite current surgery advances, patients with CLI have limited therapeutic options. Therapeutic angiogenesis thus appears as a powerful approach, aiming to stimulate vessel formation by angiogenic molecules administration. In this context, combined gene therapy has proved the most efficient. The present study aims to compare, in a preclinical mouse model, the therapeutic benefit of a combination of two angiogenic factors FGF2 (fibroblast growth factor 2) and Cyr61 using plasmid and viral vectors, able to generate short or long-term transgene expression in the leg, respectively...
November 26, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898404/prolonged-fasting-improves-endothelial-progenitor-cell-mediated-ischemic-angiogenesis-in-mice
#7
Bao Xin, Chun-Long Liu, Hong Yang, Cheng Peng, Xiao-Hui Dong, Chuan Zhang, Alex F Chen, He-Hui Xie
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Prolonged fasting (PF) was shown to be of great potency to promote optimal health and reduce the risk of many chronic diseases. This study sought to determine the effect of PF on the endothelial progenitor cell (EPC)-mediated angiogenesis in the ischemic brain and cerebral ischemic injury in mice. METHODS: Mice were subjected to PF or periodic PF after cerebral ischemia, and histological analysis and behavioral tests were performed. Mouse EPCs were isolated and examined, and the effects of EPC transplantation on cerebral ischemic injury were investigated in mice...
November 30, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894149/2-3-5-4-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-o-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-attenuates-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-brain-injury-in-rats-by-promoting-angiogenesis
#8
Ying Mu, Zhaohui Xu, Xuanxuan Zhou, Huinan Zhang, Qian Yang, Yunlong Zhang, Yanhua Xie, Juan Kang, Feng Li, Siwang Wang
Cerebral ischemia can cause brain infarcts, which are difficult to recover due to poor angiogenesis. 2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside is a natural polyphenol, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, and can protect from ischemic neuronal injury. However, little is known about the effect of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside on brain microcirculation after stroke. This study aimed at investigating the influence of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside on brain lesions and angiogenesis after stroke...
November 28, 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894114/hydroxysafflor-yellow-a-promotes-angiogenesis-via-the-angiopoietin-1-tie-2-signaling-pathway
#9
Tangting Chen, Ni Chen, Ningbo Pang, Lamei Xiao, Yongjie Li, Rong Li, Mao Luo, Xin Deng, Meiping Ren, Jianbo Wu, Liqun Wang
BACKGROUND: The flowers of Carthamus tinctorius L. are widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), the main constituent of C. tinctorius L. flowers, is known for its multiple biological activities. The present study investigated the effects of HSYA on angiogenesis in vitro and in a mouse hindlimb ischemia model. METHODS: Using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in vitro and a mouse hindlimb ischemia model in vivo, the angiogenic role of HSYA was evaluated...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881869/netrin-1-induced-stem-cell-bioactivity-contributes-to-the-regeneration-of-injured-tissues-via-the-lipid-raft-dependent-integrin-%C3%AE-6%C3%AE-4-signaling-pathway
#10
Soo Sang Lee, Sei-Jung Lee, Sang Hun Lee, Jung Min Ryu, Hyeon Su Lim, Jun Sung Kim, Eun Ju Song, Young Hyun Jung, Hyun Jik Lee, Chung Hun Kim, Ho Jae Han
Netrin-1 (Ntn-1) is a multifunctional neuronal signaling molecule; however, its physiological significance, which improves the tissue-regeneration capacity of stem cells, has not been characterized. In the present study, we investigate the mechanism by which Ntn-1 promotes the proliferation of hUCB-MSCs with regard to the regeneration of injured tissues. We found that Ntn-1 induces the proliferation of hUCB-MSCs mainly via Inα6β4 coupled with c-Src. Ntn-1 induced the recruitment of NADPH oxidases and Rac1 into membrane lipid rafts to facilitate ROS production...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878328/targeting-the-hedgehog-signaling-pathway-for-cardiac-repair-and-regeneration
#11
REVIEW
Y Wang, P Lu, D Zhao, J Sheng
The hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is involved in the angiogenesis and development of the coronary vasculature in the embryonic heart. Recently, the Hh signal pathway has emerged as an important regulator that can increase cardiomyocyte proliferation, inhibit cardiomyocyte death and apoptosis, recruit endothelial progenitor cell (EPCs) into sites of myocardial ischemia, and direct stem cells to differentiate into cardiac muscle lineage. Experimental studies have tried to target the Hh signaling pathway for cardiac repair and regeneration...
November 22, 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872050/experimental-systems-and-computational-approaches-to-understanding-the-microrna-mediated-reparative-potential-of-cardiac-progenitor-cell-derived-exosomes-from-pediatric-patients
#12
Udit Agarwal, Alex George, Srishti Bhutani, Shohini Ghosh-Choudhary, Josh T Maxwell, Milton E Brown, Yash Mehta, Manu O Platt, Yaxuan Liang, Susmita Sahoo, Michael E Davis
RATIONALE: Studies have demonstrated that exosomes can repair cardiac tissue post myocardial infarction (MI) and recapitulate the benefits of cellular therapy. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the role of donor age and hypoxia of human pediatric cardiac progenitor cell (CPC)-derived exosomes, in a rat model of ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: Human CPCs from the right atrial appendages from children of different ages undergoing cardiac surgery for congenital heart defects were isolated and cultured under hypoxic or normoxic conditions...
November 21, 2016: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871151/therapeutic-potential-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-treating-ischemic-limb-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Kyu-Hyun Han, Ae-Kyeong Kim, Dong-Ik Kim
Ischemic limb diseases are induced by different obstructions of peripheral arteries. These obstructions result in insufficient nutrient and oxygen supplies to the extremities, thereby leading to severe tissue damage that is in turn related to severe morbidities and mortalities. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been isolated from various sources. These cells are multipotent with respect to differentiation and are also characterized by migration, immune suppression, and secretion of paracrine factors. Mesenchymal stem cells have been proposed to have therapeutic potential for the treatment of ischemic limb diseases...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870915/effects-of-angiopoietin-2-on-transplanted-mouse-ovarian-tissue
#14
Hye Won Youm, Jaewang Lee, Eun Jung Kim, Hyun Sun Kong, Jung Ryeol Lee, Chang Suk Suh, Seok Hyun Kim
Transplantation of ovarian tissue (OT) is currently the only clinical option to restore fertility with cryopreserved OT. However, follicle loss caused by ischemia and slow revascularization occurs in transplanted OT. To shorten the ischemic period and promote angiogenesis, some angiogenic factors have been used. Angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) is one of the major angiogenic factors and has been reported to promote blood vessels and increase vascular permeability in ischemic and/or hypoxic environment. This study was performed to investigate the effects of Ang2 on follicle integrity and revascularization of transplanted mouse OT...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865093/maternal-endothelial-damage-as-a-disorder-shared-by-early-preeclampsia-late-preeclampsia-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#15
Sebastian Kwiatkowski, Barbara Dołegowska, Ewa Kwiatkowska, Rafał Rzepka, Natalia Marczuk, Beata Loj, Andrzej Torbè
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia (PE) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are separate disease entities that have frequently been reported as sharing the same pathogenesis. In both of them, angiogenesis disorders and generalized endothelial damage with an accompanying inflammation are the dominant symptoms. In this study, we attempted to prove that both these processes demonstrate the same profile in early PE, late PE and IUGR patients, while the only difference is in the degree of exacerbation of the lesions...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858286/hypoxic-preconditioning-augments-the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-in-a-rat-ischemic-stroke-model
#16
Jin Chen, Yuanyuan Yang, Lihua Shen, Wensen Ding, Xiang Chen, Erbing Wu, Kefu Cai, Guohua Wang
Transplantation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) is a promising therapy for ischemic stroke, but the poor oxygen environment in brain lesions limits the efficacy of cell-based therapies. Here, we tested whether hypoxic preconditioning (HP) could augment the efficacy of BMSC transplantation in a rat ischemic stroke model and investigated the underlying mechanism of the effect of HP. In vitro, BMSCs were divided into five passage (P0, P1, P2, P3, and P4) groups, and HP was applied to the groups by incubating the cells with 1% oxygen for 0, 4, 8, 12, and 24 h, respectively...
November 18, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853962/enhanced-peripheral-dopamine-impairs-post-ischemic-healing-by-suppressing-angiotensin-receptor-type-1-expression-in-endothelial-cells-and-inhibiting-angiogenesis
#17
Chandrani Sarkar, Ramesh K Ganju, Vincent J Pompili, Debanjan Chakroborty
Increased circulating catecholamines have been linked with cardiovascular anomalies as well as with peripheral vascular diseases. Although the roles of epinephrine and norepinephrine have received considerable attention, the role of the other catecholamine, dopamine, has been less studied. Since dopamine is a potent endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis and as angiogenesis is essential for ischemic healing, we therefore studied the role played by dopamine during ischemic healing using dopamine D2 receptor knockout (KOD2) mice...
November 16, 2016: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853755/differential-stress-response-mechanisms-in-right-and-left-ventricles
#18
Makhosazane Zungu-Edmondson, Yuichiro J Suzuki
Right ventricular (RV) failure is the major cause of death among patients with pulmonary hypertension. However, differences between the RV and left ventricle (LV) of the adult heart have not been defined, despite myocytes from these two ventricles originate from different progenitor cells. The lack of such knowledge interferes with developing therapeutic strategies to protect the RV. The goal of this study was to identify possible differences between stress responses in the RV and LV free walls of adult rats...
2016: Journal of Rare Diseases Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853265/human-cd133-renal-progenitor-cells-induce-erythropoietin-production-and-limit-fibrosis-after-acute-tubular-injury
#19
Shikhar Aggarwal, Cristina Grange, Corinne Iampietro, Giovanni Camussi, Benedetta Bussolati
Persistent alterations of the renal tissue due to maladaptive repair characterize the outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI), despite a clinical recovery. Acute damage may also limit the renal production of erythropoietin, with impairment of the hemopoietic response to ischemia and possible lack of its reno-protective action. We aimed to evaluate the effect of a cell therapy using human CD133(+) renal progenitor cells on maladaptive repair and fibrosis following AKI in a model of glycerol-induced rhabdomyolysis...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853189/a-multiscale-computational-model-predicts-distribution-of-anti-angiogenic-isoform-vegf165b-in-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-human-and-mouse
#20
Liang-Hui Chu, Vijay Chaitanya Ganta, Min H Choi, George Chen, Stacey D Finley, Brian H Annex, Aleksander S Popel
Angiogenesis is the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing microvessels. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is caused by atherosclerosis that results in ischemia mostly in the lower extremities. Clinical trials including VEGF-A administration for therapeutic angiogenesis have not been successful. The existence of anti-angiogenic isoform (VEGF165b) in PAD muscle tissues is a potential cause for the failure of therapeutic angiogenesis. Experimental measurements show that in PAD human muscle biopsies the VEGF165b isoform is at least as abundant if not greater than the VEGF165a isoform...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
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