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cataract and refractive surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106890/assessment-of-a-new-hydrophilic-acrylic-supplementary-iol-for-sulcus-fixation-in-pseudophakic-cadaver-eyes
#1
N Reiter, L Werner, J Guan, J Li, K T Tsaousis, N Mamalis, S Srinivasan
PurposeManagement of refractive errors after cataract surgery includes spectacles or contact lens, secondary laser vision correction, intraocular lens (IOL) exchange, or piggyback lens implantation. We evaluated for the first time a single-piece hydrophilic acrylic IOL designed for supplementary sulcus fixation in postmortem pseudophakic human eyes.MethodsPseudophakic human cadaver eyes were imaged by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) to assess position of the primary IOL. Eyes were prepared as per the Miyake-Apple technique...
January 20, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106234/improving-patient-assessed-outcomes-after-cataract-surgery
#2
Behrad Samadi, Mats Lundström, Maria Kugelberg
PURPOSE: To identify and evaluate possible causes of poor patient-reported visual function after cataract surgery. METHODS: We obtained retrospective data from the Swedish National Cataract Register on patient self-assessed visual function before and after cataract surgery based on the Catquest-9SF questionnaire. We identified patients who self-reported similar or more difficulties postoperatively than preoperatively, and looked at possible causative variables such as sex, age, preoperative and postoperative corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) and refractive errors, and ocular comorbidity...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091897/comparative-analysis-of-the-visual-and-refractive-outcomes-of-a-refractive-segmented-multifocal-intraocular-lens-with-and-without-toricity-1-year-results
#3
Ryo Shodai, Kazuno Negishi, Hiroyuki Arai, Ikuko Toda, Hidemasa Torii, Kazuo Tsubota
PURPOSE: To compare the visual and refractive outcomes up to 1 year postoperatively following implantation of a refractive segmented or a refractive segmented toric multifocal intraocular lens (IOL). METHODS: This retrospective study included 108 eyes of 64 patients who underwent cataract surgery with implantation of a refractive segmented multifocal IOL (Lentis Mplus LS-313 MF30 IOL) (LM group) and 81 eyes of 49 patients with implantation of a refractive segmented toric multifocal IOL (Lentis Mplus LU-313 MF30T IOL) (LMT group)...
January 13, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091428/refractive-aim-and-visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-a-2-year-review-from-a-tertiary-private-eye-hospital-in-sub-saharan-africa
#4
O Oderinlo, A O Hassan, F O Oluyadi, A O Ogunro, O N Okonkwo, M O Ulaikere, O Ashano
AIM: To review the short-term visual outcome of phacoemulsification in adults with uncomplicated cataracts in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of records of patients that had phacoemulsification between January 2012 and December 2013 in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, was done. Preoperative visual acuity, refractive aim, intraoperative complications, postoperative unaided, and best-corrected visual acuity at 1 and 3 months were analyzed...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086913/correction-of-irregular-and-induced-regular-corneal-astigmatism-with-toric-iol-after-posterior-segment-surgery-a-case-series
#5
Bence L Kolozsvári, Gergely Losonczy, Dorottya Pásztor, Mariann Fodor
BACKGROUND: Toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation can be an effective method for correcting corneal astigmatism in patients with vitreoretinal diseases and cataract. Our purpose is to report the outcome of toric IOL implantation in two cases - a patient with scleral-buckle-induced regular corneal astigmatism and a patient with keratoconus following pars plana vitrectomy. As far as we are aware, there are no reported cases of toric IOL implantation in a vitrectomized eye with keratoconus nor of toric IOL implantation in patients with scleral-buckle-induced regular corneal astigmatism...
January 13, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076565/effect-of-corneal-biomechanical-properties-on-surgically-induced-astigmatism-and-higher-order-aberrations-after-cataract-surgery
#6
Mustafa Koç, Çağrı İlhan, Yaran Koban, Kemal Özülken, İrfan Durukan, Pelin Yılmazbaş
Purpose: To investigate the relationship between biomechanical properties of the cornea and postoperative refractive changes in patients with low-level astigmatism after cataract surgery. Methods: This prospective study recruited patients undergoing cataract surgery involving 2.8-mm superior incisions. Biomechanical properties of the cornea were evaluated preoperatively using the Ocular Response Analyzer, and corneal profiles were evaluated using a Scheimpflug system (Pentacam HR)...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068446/change-of-capsulotomy-over-1-year-in-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-and-its-impact-on-visual-quality
#7
Christophe Panthier, Florent Costantini, Jean Claude Rigal-Sastourné, Antoine Brézin, Chadi Mehanna, Mikael Guedj, Dominique Monnet
PURPOSE: To compare the shape of the capsulotomy, its change, and its impact on visual quality over 1 year using the femtosecond laser system from the manual technique. METHODS: In this two-center cross-sectional study from May 2012 to June 2013, each patient had femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery in one eye (FLACS group) and conventional phacoemulsification cataract surgery in the other eye (CPCS group). An evaluation of the capsulotomy was performed using retroillumination slit-lamp photographs at 7 days, 6 months, and 1 year after surgery...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058149/surgical-indications-and-clinical-results-of-patients-with-exchanged-intraocular-lenses-in-a-tertiary-eye-hospital
#8
Sevim Kavuncu, Aslıhan Esra Omay, Mehmet Hakan Tırhış, Pelin Yılmazbaş
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the demographics, surgical indications and clinical results of patients with repositioned or explanted intraocular lens (IOL) in a tertiary referral eye hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients that underwent surgery to exchange or reposition the IOL at Ulucanlar Eye Training and Research Hospital between 2009 and 2013 were included in the study. Medical records of patients were evaluated for surgical indications, time elapsed since initial operation, preoperative and postoperative best corrected distance visual acuity and the presence of ocular disease...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034710/a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study-on-refractive-surgery-in-15011-eyes
#9
Kazutaka Kamiya, Akihito Igarashi, Ken Hayashi, Kazuno Negishi, Masaki Sato, Hiroko Bissen-Miyajima
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical outcomes of currently used refractive surgery procedures performed in 2015. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter cohort study. METHODS: This prospective study included 15,011 eyes of 7622 consecutive patients who underwent laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), surface ablation, refractive lenticule extraction (ReLEx), or phakic intraocular lens (IOL) implantation at 42 major institutions. We determined the safety, efficacy, predictability, stability, and adverse events of these surgeries preoperatively and at 1 week and 1 and 3 months postoperatively...
December 26, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007110/femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-versus-standard-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery-study-from-the-european-registry-of-quality-outcomes-for-cataract-and-refractive-surgery
#10
Sonia Manning, Peter Barry, Ype Henry, Paul Rosen, Ulf Stenevi, David Young, Mats Lundström
PURPOSE: To compare the visual, refractive, and adverse outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery and conventional phacoemulsification cataract surgery. SETTING: Cataract surgery clinics in 9 European countries and Australia (femtosecond-assisted) and 18 European countries and Australia (conventional). DESIGN: Multicenter case-control study. METHODS: Eyes having femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery were matched to eyes from the European Registry of Quality Outcomes for Cataract and Refractive Surgery phacoemulsification cataract surgery database for preoperative corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), age, and preoperative risk factors...
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007108/comparison-of-the-rate-of-refractive-growth-in-aphakic-eyes-versus-pseudophakic-eyes-in-the-infant-aphakia-treatment-study
#11
Scott R Lambert, George Cotsonis, Lindreth DuBois, M Edward Wilson, David A Plager, Edward G Buckley, Scott K McClatchey
PURPOSE: To compare the rate of refractive growth (RRG) between aphakic eyes and pseudophakic eyes in the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS). SETTING: Twelve clinical sites across the United States. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Patients randomized to unilateral cataract extraction with contact lens correction versus intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in the IATS had their rate of refractive growth (RRG3) calculated based on the change in refraction from the 1-month postoperative examination to age 5 years...
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007098/the-journal-of-cataract-refractive-surgery-in-2016-a-momentous-year
#12
EDITORIAL
William J Dupps, Thomas Kohnen, Nick Mamalis, Sathish Srinivasan, Emanuel S Rosen, Douglas D Koch, Stephen A Obstbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005433/combined-special-capsular-tension-ring-and-toric-iol-implantation-for-management-of-astigmatism-and-high-axial-myopia-with-cataracts
#13
Yang Zhao, Jiaxin Li, Ke Yang, Xiao Li, Siquan Zhu
AIM: This study aimed to compare the effects of toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation with a capsular tension ring and toric IOL implantation only in patients with axial myopic astigmatism who had undergone cataract surgery. METHODS: Of 34 patients with axial myopia, 16 patients who had received IOL and capsular tension ring (CTR) implantation were included in the combined group and 18 patients who received toric IOL implantation only were included in the simple group...
December 22, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003790/bilateral-cataract-surgery-in-a-56-year-old-man-following-presbyopia-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-a-case-report
#14
Ya Qu, Fuliang Li, Jiawen Li
We describe a case of bilateral cataract surgery in a 56-year-old man following presbyopia laser in situ keratomileusis. The preoperative refraction was -2.00 in the right eye and -0.75 × 105 in the left eye. On the last examination, the uncorrected distance visual acuity was 20/80 that can be corrected to 20/20 in the right eye with a refraction of -2.25 and 20/20 in the left eye, whereas the visual acuity for reading was 20/40 in the right eye and 20/80 in the left eye with a refraction of +2.25. His monovision surgery design of previous cornea surgery was also taken into consideration for the phacoemulsification and posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003784/pros-and-cons-of-immediately-sequential-bilateral-cataract-surgery-isbcs
#15
REVIEW
Andrzej Grzybowski, Weronika Wasinska-Borowiec, Charles Claoué
Immediately sequential bilateral cataract surgery (ISBCS) is currently a "hot topic" in ophthalmology. There are well-documented advantages in terms of quicker visual rehabilitation and reduced costs. The risk of bilateral simultaneous endophthalmitis and bilateral blindness is now recognized to be minuscule with the advent of intracameral antibiotics and modern management of endophthalmitis. Refractive surprises are rare for normal eyes and with the use of optical biometry. Where a general anesthetic is indicated for cataract surgery, the risk of death from a second anesthetic is much higher than the risk of blindness...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002107/astigmatism-correction-with-toric-intraocular-lenses-in-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-triple-procedures
#16
Hideaki Yokogawa, P James Sanchez, Zachary M Mayko, Michael D Straiko, Mark A Terry
PURPOSE: To report the clinical efficacy of astigmatism correction with toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) in patients undergoing the Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) triple procedure and to evaluate the accuracy of the correction. METHODS: Fifteen eyes of 10 patients who received cataract extraction, toric IOL placement, and DMEK surgery for Fuchs corneal dystrophy and cataracts were evaluated. The cylinder power of toric IOLs was determined by an online toric calculator with keratoscopy measurements obtained using Scheimpflug corneal imaging...
December 20, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990622/refractive-outcome-of-combined-phacoemulsification-and-endoscopic-cyclophotocoagulation
#17
S Kang, S Luk, H Han, M F Cordeiro, F Ahmed, P Bloom, L Crawley
PURPOSE: To compare the refractive outcome of eyes that underwent phacoemulsification combined with endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (phaco-ECP) with the eyes that underwent phacoemulsification alone. METHODS: A retrospective case series review of 103 consecutive eyes that underwent phaco-ECP and 62 eyes that underwent phacoemulsification between January 2006 and August 2012 was conducted. Post-operative refractive outcomes were obtained by subjective refraction or autorefraction...
December 19, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981903/endophthalmitis-prophylaxis-in-cataract-surgery-overview-of-current-practice-patterns-around-the-world
#18
Andrzej Grzybowski, Stephen G Schwartz, Kazuki Matsuura, Stephan Ong Tone, Steve Arshinoff, Ng Q Jonathon, Jay J Meyer, Wu Liu, Soosan Jacob, Mark Packer, Rifna Lutfiamida, Sjakon Tahija, Paul Roux, Boris Malyugin, Julio A Urrets-Zavalia, Nicolas Crim, Evangelina Esposito, Pablo Daponte, Fernando Pellegrino, Enrique O Graue-Hernandez, Aida Jimenez-Corona, Jorge Valdez Garcia, Julio C Hernandez-Camarena, Nidhi Relhan, Harry W Flynn, Ravilla D Ravindran
BACKGROUND: Acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery remains a rare but important cause of visual loss. There is no global consensus regarding the optimal strategies for prophylaxis of endophthalmitis and practices vary substantially around the world, especially with respect to the use of intracameral antibiotics. The European Society of Cataract & Refractive Surgeons in a randomized clinical trial (2007) reported an approximately 5-fold reduction in endophthalmitis rates associated with the use of intracameral cefuroxime...
16, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943250/multifocal-versus-monofocal-intraocular-lenses-after-cataract-extraction
#19
REVIEW
Samantha R de Silva, Jennifer R Evans, Varo Kirthi, Mohammed Ziaei, Martin Leyland
BACKGROUND: Good unaided distance visual acuity (VA) is now a realistic expectation following cataract surgery and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Near vision, however, still requires additional refractive power, usually in the form of reading glasses. Multiple optic (multifocal) IOLs are available which claim to allow good vision at a range of distances. It is unclear whether this benefit outweighs the optical compromises inherent in multifocal IOLs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the visual effects of multifocal IOLs in comparison with the current standard treatment of monofocal lens implantation...
12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941047/cataract-surgery-in-children-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity-rop-surgical-outcomes
#20
Chinyelu Nkemdilim Ezisi, Ramesh Kekunnaya, Subhadra Jalali, Divya Balakrishnan, Padmaja Kumari Rani, Ashik Mohamed, Preeti Patil Chhablani
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of cataract surgery in children with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: A retrospective case review of all children diagnosed with ROP from January 2001 to December 2014 was done and those who underwent cataract surgery were included in the study. Details of ROP and cataract treatment, postoperative complications and outcomes were analysed. RESULTS: Of the 2258 children diagnosed to have ROP, 28 eyes of 22 children were included, 14 boys and 8 girls...
December 9, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
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