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cataract and refractive surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131702/postoperative-refractive-errors-following-pediatric-cataract-extraction-with-intraocular-lens-implantation
#1
Maanasa Indaram, Deborah K VanderVeen
PURPOSE: Advances in surgical techniques allow implantation of intraocular lenses (IOL) with cataract extraction, even in young children. However, there are several challenges unique to the pediatric population that result in greater degrees of postoperative refractive error compared to adults. METHODS: Literature review of the techniques and outcomes of pediatric cataract surgery with IOL implantation. RESULTS: Pediatric cataract surgery is associated with several sources of postoperative refractive error...
November 13, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117413/comparison-of-wound-sealability-between-femtosecond-laser-constructed-and-manual-clear-corneal-incisions-in-patients-undergoing-cataract-surgery-a-pilot-study
#2
Harvey Siy Uy, Sunil Shah, Mark Packer
PURPOSE: To compare the sealability of femtosecond laser-constructed and manual clear corneal incisions (CCIs) in patients undergoing cataract surgery. METHODS: This prospective, randomized study included 62 eyes of 62 patients with cataract grade 1 to 2 (LOCS scale). The patients were randomly assigned (1:1) for creation of either manual CCI (with a 2.4-mm keratome) or femtosecond laser-assisted CCI (LENSAR, Inc., Orlando, FL) (31 eyes in each group) before undergoing femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094301/vertical-implantable-collamer-lens-icl-rotation-for-the-management-of-high-vault-due-to-lens-oversizing
#3
Francesco Matarazzo, Alexander Clifford Day, Luis Fernandez-Vega Cueto, Vincenzo Maurino
PURPOSE: To describe the good outcome of implantable collamer lens (ICL) rotation to reduce post-operative vault. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of case report. A 43-year-old woman had V4c EVO + myopic non-toric ICL implantation and post-operatively she presented with anisocoria and high vault. She underwent surgery to rotate the ICL 90 degrees to a vertical orientation. RESULTS: We achieved a reduction in the vault from 1020 to 486 μm after vertical ICL rotation...
November 1, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093540/sustained-accuracy-improvement-in-intraocular-lens-power-calculation-with-the-application-of-quality-control-circle
#4
Lei Lin, Pingjun Chang, Jialu Xie, Zhangliang Li, Hongfang Zhang, Fan Lu, Yun-E Zhao
Accurate intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation is always a challenge in ophthalmology, and unoptimized process may lead to inaccurate refractive outcomes. Quality control circle (QCC) has shown its success in many fields as a process management tool. However, its efficacy in ophthalmology remains unclear. Here we utilized the QCC method to optimize the process and evaluate its efficacy in improving the accuracy of IOL power calculation. After the QCC application, the percentage of eyes with achieved refractive outcomes within 0...
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090047/accuracy-of-various-intraocular-lens-power-calculation-formulas-in-steep-corneas
#5
Amir Faramarzi, Ali Aghajani, Leila Ghiasian
PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of four different intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation formulas for eyes with mean keratometry values greater than 46 diopters (D). METHODS: Forty five eyes from 45 patients who were candidates for senile cataract surgery with mean keratometry values greater than 46 D were included. Calculation of the IOL power was performed by the Lenstar. The implanted IOL in all cases was Acrysof SA60AT. The average absolute value of the differences between the actual and predicted spherical equivalent (SE) of the postoperative refractive error (mean absolute error: MAE) was calculated using 4 formulas (Haigis, Holladay 1, Hoffer Q, and SRK/T) with optical IOL constants from the User Group for Laser Interference Biometry constants...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075096/a-novel-nomogram-for-the-treatment-of-astigmatism-with-femtosecond-laser-arcuate-incisions-at-the-time-of-cataract-surgery
#6
Connor J Baharozian, Christian Song, Kathryn M Hatch, Jonathan H Talamo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine an arcuate incision (AI) nomogram to treat astigmatism during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective, cohort study. Femtosecond laser (FSL)-assisted transepithelial AIs were created at a 9.0 mm optical zone, 80% depth, centered on the limbus. We modified the manual Donnenfeld limbal relaxing incision nomogram to 70% for with-the-rule (WTR), 80% for oblique (OBL), and 100% for against-the-rule (ATR) astigmatism...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073156/comparison-of-clinical-performance-between-trifocal-and-bifocal-intraocular-lenses-a-meta-analysis
#7
Zequan Xu, Danmin Cao, Xu Chen, Song Wu, Xin Wang, Qiang Wu
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical performance between trifocal and bifocal intraocular lenses in bilateral cataract and/or refractive lens exchange (RLE) surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register and Web of Science was performed through October 2016 to identify randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) and comparative cohort studies. The primary outcomes were uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), uncorrected intermediate visual acuity (UIVA), uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA), defocus curve, spectacle independence, patient satisfaction and contrast sensitivity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063356/changing-trends-in-postoperative-cataract-care-impact-of-electronic-patient-records-in-optometrist-delivered-shared-care
#8
A M Mongan, F Kerins, B McKenna, S M Quinn, P Mullaney
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates a community optometrist-delivered postoperative care scheme in patients discharged from the hospital ophthalmology department following uncomplicated cataract surgery. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of electronic patient records (EPR) in facilitating co-managed cataract care. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained Medisoft EPR database of postoperative cataract review data at a single centre, Sligo University Hospital (SUH), which serves a large and predominantly rural catchment area...
October 23, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062780/the-100-most-influential-papers-about-cataract-surgery-a-bibliometric-analysis
#9
Ze-Nan Lin, Jie Chen, Qi Zhang, Qian Li, Min-Yun Cai, Hai Yang, Hong-Ping Cui
AIM: To identify the 100 most cited papers in cataract surgery, we performed a comprehensive bibliometric analysis basing on the literature search on the Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge. METHODS: The number of citations, including the total citations, latest 5y citations and average citation number per year (ACY), authorship, year of publication, major topics, journal of publication, country and institution of origin of each paper were recorded and then analyzed...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062771/postoperative-visual-performance-with-a-bifocal-and-trifocal-diffractive-intraocular-lens-during-a-1-year-follow-up
#10
Peter Mojzis, Lucia Kukuckova, Katarina Majerova, Peter Ziak, David P Piñero
AIM: To evaluate and compare the clinical outcomes with a diffractive bifocal and trifocal intraocular lens (IOL) during a 12-month follow-up. METHODS: Prospective comparative study including 75 eyes of 38 patients (44-70y) undergoing uneventful cataract surgery. Each patient was randomly assigned to one type of IOL, bifocal (35 eyes) or trifocal (40 eyes). Visual, refractive, and contrast sensitivity changes were evaluated in a 12-month follow-up. The binocular defocus curve was also measured at 12mo postoperatively...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056303/visual-and-refractive-associations-with-falls-after-first-eye-cataract-surgery
#11
Anna Palagyi, Nigel Morlet, Peter McCluskey, Andrew White, Lynn Meuleners, Jonathon Q Ng, Ecosse Lamoureux, Konrad Pesudovs, Fiona Stapleton, Rebecca Q Ivers, Kris Rogers, Lisa Keay
PURPOSE: To clarify the effect of first-eye cataract surgery on the incidence of falls and identify components of visual function associated with fall risk. SETTING: Eight public hospital eye clinics in Sydney, Melbourne, and Perth, Australia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: The study recruited patients who had bilateral cataract, were aged 65 years or older, and were on public hospital cataract surgery waiting lists...
October 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056301/comparison-of-visual-outcomes-alignment-accuracy-and-surgical-time-between-2%C3%A2-methods-of-corneal-marking-for-toric-intraocular%C3%A2-lens-implantation
#12
Wolfgang J Mayer, Thomas Kreutzer, Martin Dirisamer, Christoph Kern, Karsten Kortuem, Efstathios Vounotrypidis, Siegfried Priglinger, Daniel Kook
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of a computer-assisted marker system for toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) (Callisto Eye System) with manual marking techniques. SETTING: University Eye Hospital Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: This study included patients having cataract surgery with implantation of a toric IOL (Torbi 709 M). They were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups based on the marking system used, manual or digital...
October 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042749/a-review-of-results-after-implantation-of-a-secondary-intraocular-lens-to-correct-residual-refractive-error-after-cataract-surgery
#13
Kjell Gunnar Gundersen, Rick Potvin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide clinical outcomes data related to secondary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for the correction of residual refractive error after cataract surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A chart review was conducted to identify all eyes implanted with the monofocal spherical or toric AddOn(®) secondary IOL. Data were collated from charts where uncomplicated initial cataract surgery was completed. Measures of interest included the original IOL implanted, the postoperative refractive error (before secondary IOL implantation) and the associated corrected and uncorrected visual acuities (VAs)...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034156/intraocular-lens-opacification-after-descemet-s-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty
#14
Meng-Sheng Lee, I-Lun Tsai, Ching-Yao Tsai, Li-Lin Kuo, Shiow-Wen Liou, Lin-Chung Woung
Compared with conventional penetrating keratoplasty, Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) more effectively maintain global integrity and rapid vision rehabilitation with less ocular surface disorders in patients with endothelial dysfunction. Here, we report a case of a 76-year-old woman who experienced opacification of a hydrophilic intraocular lens (IOL) approximately 10 months after DSAEK. The patient with no history of systemic disease developed pseudophakic bullous keratopathy in the right eye 2 years after undergoing cataract surgery...
July 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032195/global-causes-of-blindness-and-distance-vision-impairment-1990-2020-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Seth R Flaxman, Rupert R A Bourne, Serge Resnikoff, Peter Ackland, Tasanee Braithwaite, Maria V Cicinelli, Aditi Das, Jost B Jonas, Jill Keeffe, John H Kempen, Janet Leasher, Hans Limburg, Kovin Naidoo, Konrad Pesudovs, Alex Silvester, Gretchen A Stevens, Nina Tahhan, Tien Y Wong, Hugh R Taylor
BACKGROUND: Contemporary data for causes of vision impairment and blindness form an important basis of recommendations in public health policies. Refreshment of the Global Vision Database with recently published data sources permitted modelling of cause of vision loss data from 1990 to 2015, further disaggregation by cause, and forecasts to 2020. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we analysed published and unpublished population-based data for the causes of vision impairment and blindness from 1980 to 2014...
October 10, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991853/simulated-keratometry-versus-total-corneal-power-by-ray-tracing-a-comparison-in-prediction-accuracy-of-intraocular-lens-power
#16
Giacomo Savini, Kenneth J Hoffer, Domenico Schiano Lomoriello, Pietro Ducoli
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between corneal powers measured by simulated keratometry (Sim-K) and ray tracing and understand whether their difference influences intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation. METHODS: In a first sample of healthy eyes, corneal curvature was measured using a rotating Scheimpflug camera (Sirius, CSO). Sim-K was obtained from anterior corneal curvature using the 1.3375 keratometric index. Ray tracing was performed through both corneal surfaces to calculate the total corneal power (TCP)...
November 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991622/presbyopia-correction-after-previous-refractive-laser-and-cataract-surgery-september-consultation-1
#17
Rudy M M A Nuijts, An-Katrien de Brauwer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991621/central-island-formation-after-cataract-surgery-in-a-laser-in%C3%A2-situ-keratomileusis-eye-new-etiology
#18
Sylvain El-Khoury, Youssef Abdelmassih, George Cherfan, Johnny M Khoury
We report a case of central corneal steepness formation after cataract surgery in a post-laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) eye. A 51-year-old woman with traumatic cataract and a history of myopic LASIK surgery had uneventful phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Postoperatively, the corneal topography difference map showed a central island formation of 2.1 diopters (D) compared with the preoperative level, which correlated with a clinical myopic shift of 2.00 D from the targeted emmetropia. At 4 months, most of the central island had resolved spontaneously...
September 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991611/effect-of-fixation-stability-during-biometry-measurements-on-refractive-prediction-accuracy-in-highly-myopic-eyes
#19
Xiangjia Zhu, Wenwen He, Yu Du, Yi Lu
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of preoperative biometry fixation stability on postoperative refractive errors in highly myopic cataractous eyes. SETTING: Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Eyes of highly myopic patients and emmetropic controls were included. Routine ophthalmologic examinations and measurement of fixation stability in the 63% and 95% bivariate contour ellipse areas (BCEAs) were conducted preoperatively...
September 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991610/intraocular-lens-power-calculation-for-eyes-with-high-and-low-average-keratometry-readings-comparison-between-various-formulas
#20
Olga Reitblat, Adi Levy, Guy Kleinmann, Tsahi T Lerman, Ehud I Assia
PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of intraocular lens power prediction for eyes with average keratometry (K) readings greater than 46.00 diopters (D) and lower than 42.00 D. SETTING: Ein-Tal Eye Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Eyes having cataract extraction surgery with steep and flat preoperative corneal curvatures determined with the Lenstar-LS900 device were enrolled. Refractive prediction errors for the Barrett Universal II, Haigis, Hill-RBF, Hoffer-Q, Holladay 1, Holladay 2, Olsen, and SRK/T formulas were compared...
September 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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