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vancomicin administration

I N D'yakonova, O V Kamkina, Yu S Ishanova, I V Rakhmanova, D S Burmistrova
In chronic experiments on immature rabbits receiving therapeutic courses of vancomycin, gentamicin, and consecutive administration of vancomicin and gentamicin by the scheme used in neonatology, hearing function was evaluated by the methods of auditory evoked potentials (auditory brainstem response, ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE). Comparison with the control group revealed ototoxic effects of all studied antibiotics that manifested in increased sound tolerance and more rapid shortening of latencies in 30-100 dB range...
August 2015: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
N Avazashvili, T Nozadze, D Chikviladze, Kh Gachechiladze, D Metreveli, M Mikeladze
In this article there are given results of microbiological investigation of nosocomial pneumonia agents, microbial structure. Investigation was held in 727 cases of traumatological patients treated because of hip replacement or osteosinthesis of limbs. Complications with nosocomial pneumonia was found in 27 cases (3,7%). In 27 cases of diagnosed pneumonia, 66 microbial strains were isolated. In 4 cases (14,8%) was detected mono infection, different microbial association were isolated in 23 cases (85,2%) - 2 microbes in 7 and 3 microbes in 16 cases...
May 2011: Georgian Medical News
Hideya Kokubun, Toshimi Kimura, Kazuo Yago
Aminoglycosides are mainly distributed in the extracellular fluid, so when they are given to neonates who have a large amount of extracellular fluid, their distribution is increased. In our data, the volume of distribution (Vd) of Arbekacin in the neonates was twice that of the adults, 0.54 l/kg. Therefore, the dose per weight of aminoglycosides to the neonates should be increased more than to the adults. In the renal function of the neonates, differentiation of the nephron is completed within 36 weeks after conception, but it is functionally immature...
June 2007: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Hideta Nakamura, Shunichi Kinjyo, Hirosi Kaneshima, Jiro Fujita
Endogenous endophthalmitis (EBE) is intraocular infection usually associated by bcteremia. Although, EBE is an uncommon disease, visually prognosis is very poor. Immune suppressive disease, such as diabetes or malignancy is a predisposing factor of EBE. Although, in east Asia, including Japan, gram negative organisms reported as common pathogen causing EBE, we here repot a case of group B streptococcus EBE. A 53- year old man, who has history of diabetes mellitus, was admitted to our hospital with compliant of sudden visual loss and pain at his right eye...
May 2006: Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
Lorenzo Morelli, Daniela Zonenschain, Maria Luisa Callegari, Enzo Grossi, Federico Maisano, Michele Fusillo
BACKGROUND: Use of synbiotic preparations as dietary supplement is believed to be a valid approach to restore and maintain colonic microflora. However, only few papers have been published on the assessment of these food supplements and none of them have used molecular biology techniques to evaluate the effects of the probiotic components. METHODS: Twelve healthy volunteers were recruited. Faecal samples were taken before and at various time points during the administration period and at day 3 in the post-treatment period...
October 9, 2003: Nutrition Journal
C Codina, J M Miró, M Tuset, J Claramonte, C Gomar, R Gotsens, B Gómez, S Suárez, R Abellana, C Ascaso, R Cartaña, E Rodríguez, M Asenjo, X Carné, A Trilla, F Marco, J Gómez, M Brunet, J L Pomar, J M Gatell, J Ribas
BACKGROUND: To assess the economical impact of vancomycin use versus teicoplanin use as antibiotic prophylaxis for patients undergoing cardiac surgery for valve replacement (VR) and coronary artery by-pass (CABS) procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an ancillary cost minimization analysis of a double blinded, parallel groups, randomised clinical trial (RCT), with the main objective of comparing the safety and efficacy of these antibiotics. 500 patients were included in the study; 267 in the CABS group and 233 in the VR group...
2000: Medicina Clínica
A Aabas, M Berzioli, P Brisotto, P Caliandro, G Chirico, F Colonna, V Currò, B De Mitri, U de Vonderweid, A Del Prete
Expectant therapy for early Group B Streptococcus onset septicemia must provide coverage against other microorganism, such as L. Monocytogenes, H. Influenzae and S. Pneumoniae. It is possible to administer a combination of antimicrobial agents with activity against all or the most likely pathogens. Thus initial expectant therapy includes a broad spectrum semisynthetic penicillin (e.g. ampicillin) and an aminoglycoside (e.g. netilmicin). Vancomicin, teicoplanin and cefotaxime may also be used. Supportive therapy consists on temperature control, i...
July 1995: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
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